Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on November 4, 1969 · Page 35
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November 4, 1969

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 35

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Tuesday, November 4, 1969
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Protest leaders disappointed with Nixon speech HEPUBUEi CITY Phoenix, Tues., Nov. 4, 1969 o The Arizona Republic 17 United Press International WASHINGTON - President Nixon's Vietnam speech, far from abating the November antiwar demonstrations, will spur greater participation in them, protest leaders said yesterday. They expressed "incomprehensible disappointment" in ; Nixon's speech, terming it "an insult to the intelligence of the American people." Ted Johnson, a leader of the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (New Mobe), sponsor of the Nov. 13-15 demonstrations in Washington, said after the speech: •' "I think in a sense the speech is a clear impetus to our efforts to bring large numbers of people of Washington. People perhaps who were uncertain they would come here are now convinced that the only way they can have any effect is to come here." Dave Hawk, one of the coordinators of the Vietnam Moratorium Committee, sponsor of the Oct. 15 nationwide activity and another one Nov. 13 and 14, said, "I anticipate that the reaction will be one of dismay and the people who were active on Oct. 15 will see the need to continue and intensify their efforts." Johnson said the New Mobe leaders were convinced before the speech "some sort of withdrawal announcement would be made. It is almost an incomprehensible disappointment." Hawk said the moratorium leaders had hoped Nixon "would make public a-new peace initiative." The latter said, "The only thing that the President seemed to promise was the possibility of re-escalation. Other than that his remarks would indicate that he intends to continue the war, Our reaction is one of dismay." Hawk said the moratorium, committee had tried to persuade Nixon that "the American people want the war to end. It's apparent that the President has not gotten that message and we shall have to continue." Johnson summarized for his war protest group: "It was unbelievable that the President can continue to be so rigid in his refusal to listen to the voice of the American people. "It is clear that unprecedented numbers of Americans will come to Washington on Nov. 13, 14 and 15 to legally and nonviolently make known their desires in the only way now left to them. "Tonight's speech was a war speech, not a peace speech. Mr. Nixon's speech was putting forward a policy to win the Vietnam war by proxy, by having the Vietnamese continue the war indefinitely." More about More Nixon promises Reds no more concessions Continued From Page 1 President, in addition to his letter to Ho Chi Minh, except one factor. It was specifically made known privately to the Communist side, these sources said, that the United States, in August, reduced air operations by 20 per cent. This included tactical air combat as well as B-52 bombing strikes, it was said. The Unied States previously conceded publicly, however, a 10 per cent cut in B-52 operations for economy reasons. The references in the President's speech to the emissary who transmitted his letter to North Vietnamese President Ho suggested that the intermediary was veteran French diplomat Jean Sainten- ay, who had warm personal relations with Ho for a generation. The fact that Ho's reply was received "three days before his death," as Nixon noted, raised serious question whether Ho, who was then dying had written it himself. Actually, that exchange of lettersap- pears stereotyped on both .sides. President Nixon raised no new factor in his letter, nor did the reply. The net result of all private diplomacy, including "11 private meetings" in Paris that the President disclosed between U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge and his North Vietnamese couter- part, was reported as zero. Since he came into office Jan. 20, the President said, there has been "no progress whatever . . . except agreement on the shape of the bargaining table." In fact, that agreement came just a few days before Jan. 20. One question which the President left unanswered was what was contained in "two private offers or a rapid, comprehensive settlement" which he said he made through an intermediary "soon after my election. . ." Nixon gave no indication on what authority he was then acting, while he was president-elect, to which he said Hanoi responded with the equivalent of "surrender" terms. In sum, what the President's assessment of his strategy showed is that he is gambling almost exclusively now on the "Vietnamization" track of his policy and is ready to leave the negotiating track dormant rather than make any further bargaining concessions. To be more precise, this is what the President wants to convince the Communist side he is prepared to do. What the President is saying is that he can resist domestic demands upon him for swift U.S. troop withdrawals and he must convince Hanoi of this claim before there is any prospect for bargaining in Paris. The overriding question is whether Hanoi finds this claim credible. While the President said he has agreement with Saigon "on an orderly scheduled timetable" for "complete withdrawal of all U.S. combat troops," he does not, it is known, have an agree- ment with Saigon for total withdrawal of all U.S. forces. In effect, therefore, the President is trying to convince his adversaries that some U.S. forces may remain in South Vietnam indefinitely, if necessary, if there is no diplomatic settlement. Hanoi and the Vietcong so far have chosen to gamble, on their part, that the inflexible timetable of the 1970 and 1972 U.S. elections will destroy the credibility of the President's claim. The test, as the President has stated it, is in the Unived States, rather than in Paris. U.N. Assembly adopts theme for 25th year Washington Post Service UNITED NATIONS-The General Assembly voted to establish "peace, justice and progress" as the theme for the U.N.'s 25th anniversary celebration next year and to proclaim the 1970s as a "disarmament decade." Amendments to add "justice" to the theme and broaden the celebration were adopted against the wishes of the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain and France, which feared that the purposes might be distorted. The assembly also called the attention of the Security Council to the "deteriorating situation" arising from South Africa's refusal to grant the people of Namibia (Southwest Africa) self-determination. Thieu claims war victory near United Press International SAIGON — South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu said yesterday victory over the Communists was near and declared that anyone who advocates neutralism at this point is "stupid." Thieu made, the statements during the course of a long speech to local officials attending a training course at Vung Tau, 40 miles southwest of Saigon. "WE ARE near victory," Thieu was quoted as saying by officials at the meeting. "There is no reason for us to lose to the Communists now that victory is so close. Anyone who advocates neutralism now is stupid." Thieu again stressed the point that South Vietnam should not rely too much on the United States and other allies but should develop a strong spirit of self- reliance. Part of Thieu's speech appeared to be directed at Sen. Tran Van Don, a retired general who called last week for a policy of nonalignment. DON, ONE of the leading members of the South Vietnamese senate, caused a stir by criticizing what he said was the Thieu government's "shameful reliance .on the United States." In a formal statement, Don had said that this country must choose "a completely new political affiliation" which is "neither left, nor right but between the two worlds" of capitalism and communism. Thieu has described policies such as that advocated by Don as a .disguised surrender to the Communists, and at least one South Vietnamese politician has been jailed for advocating a neutralist line. Letters sent by Nixon, Ho Chi Minh Associated Press WASHINGTON-In President Nixon's address to' the nation last night, he referred to an exchange . of correspondence he had with President Ho Chi Minh of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Here is the text of this exchange of correspondence: ^ July 15, 1969 Dear Mr. President: I realize that is difficult to communicate meaningfully across the gulf of four years of war. But precisely because of this,gulf, I wanted to takt this opportunity to reaffirm in all solemnity my desire to work for a just peace. I deeply believe that the war in Vietnam has gone on too long and delay in bringing it to an end can benefit none one- least of all the peopb of Vietnam. My speech on May 14 laid put a proposal which I believe is fair to alj parties. Other proposals have been made which attempt to give the people of South Vietnam an opportunity to choose their own future. These proposals take into account the reasonable conditions of all sides : But we stand ready to discuss other programs as well, specifically the : 10-point program of the NLF. As I have said repeatedly, there is nothing to be gained by waiting. Delay can only increase the dangers and multiply the suffering. The time has cpme to move forward at the conference table toward an early rtsolution of this tragic war. You will find us forthcoming and open-minded in a common effort to bring the blessings of peace to the brave people of Vietnam. Let history record that at this critical juncture, both sides turned their face toward peace rather than toward conflict and war. Sincerely, Richard Nixon His Excellency Ho Chi Minn President Democratic Republic of Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi, 25 August 1969 (Received in Paris August 30) To His Excellency Richard Mil- nous Nixon President of the United States Washington Mr. President, I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your letter. The war of aggression of the United States against our people, violating our fundamental national rights, still continues in South Vietnam. THe United States continues to intensify military opeations, the B-52 bombings and the use of toxic chemical products multiply the crimes against the Vietnamese people. The longer the war goes on, the more it accumulates the mourning and burdens of the American people. I am extremely indignant at the losses and destructions caused by the American troops to our people and our country. I am also deeply touched at the rising toll of death of young Americans who have fallen in Vie. .8am by reason of the policy of American governing circles, , j Our Vietnamese people are deeply devoted to peace, a real peace with independence and real freedom. They are determined to fight to the end, without fearing the sacrifices and difficulties in order to defend their country and their sacred national rights. The overall solution in 10 points of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam and of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam is a logicag)3nd reasonable basis for the settlement of the Vietnamese problem. It has earned the sympathy anid support of the peoples of the world. In your letter you have expressed the desire to act for a just peace. For this the United States must cease the war of aggression and withdraw their troops from South Vietnam, respect the right of the population of the South and of the Vietnamese nation to dispose of themselves, without foreign influence. This is the correct manner of solving the Vietnamtse problem in conformity with the national rights of the Vietnamese people, the interests of the United States and the hopes for peace of the peoples of the world 1 . Thi§ is the path that will allow the Unjted States'to get out of the wfc? with honor. With good will on both sides we might arrive at common efforts in view of finding a correct solution of the Vietnamese problem. Sincerely, (s) Ho Chi MJah End, Text Calls Hood White House WASHINGTON (AP)-The White House reported last night its switchboard was jammed with calls from all over the country reacting to President Nixon's address to the nation on the Vietnam situation. Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler said it was a highly positive, favorable response for the most part. Someone from Pennsylvania, Ziegler said, asked him to tell the President it was one of the greatest speeches he ever heard. Ziegler said a couple of Florida students, for example, called with word that they supported the President 100 per cent. "My whole office staff is taking calls," Ziegler said. "And it's the same way in all the other offices." All 15 lights on his own telephone panel were lit up with incoming calls, Ziegler said. Nothing of such magnitude ever happened before during the Nixon administration the press secretary said. Tucsonan pleads guilty to car death charge TUCSON (AP).- Oliver James Denham, 44, pleaded guilty yesterday to charges of attempted murder. Denham is charged with running over William H. Shane, 40, of Tucson, three times with his car March 28, 1968. Superior Court Judge John P. Collins set sentencing for Dec. 9, HIJACK CURB ASKED NEW YORK (UPI) - Sen. Jaqob K. Javits, R-N.Y., said the United States should urge the United Nations to draw up an international agreement to curb the hijacking of airplanes. Javits said the agreement should stipulate the hijackers and the planes they hijack be returned to their country of origin. Nixon rejects hasty Viet pullout Continued From Page 1 versary of the bombing halt of North Vietnam for his major policy address, said there was good news as well as bad. Despite fruitless U.S. diplomatic efforts in Paris and elsewhere, Nixon listed areas of success in de-escalating the conflict and carrying out his announced intention on Guam last July of turning more of the burden of the fighting over to South Vietnam. U.S. air operations have been reduced by more than 20 per cent, enemy infiltration in the past three months is less than 20 per cent of the total in the same period a year ago, and U.S. casualties have dropped during the last two months to the lowest point in three years, he said. His formula: "Persist in our search for a just peace through a negotiated settlement if possible, or through continued implementation of our plan for Viet- namization if necessary — a plan in which we will withdraw all of our forces from Vietnam on a schedule in accordance with our program, as the South Vietnamese become strong enough to defend their own freedom." "I would be untrue to my oath of office if I allowed the policy of this nation to be dictated by the minority who hold that view and who attempt to impose it on the nation by mounting demonstrations in the street," he said. Speaking midway between nationwide antiwar demonstrations, the president told the nation's youth: "I respect your idealism. I share your concern for peace. I want peace as much as you do." He added: "I want to end the war so that the energy and dedication of our young people, now too often directed into bitter hatred against those they think are responsible for the war, can be .turned to the great challenges of peace, a better life for all Americans and for people throughout the world." Then the President said, "to you, the great silent majority of my fellow Americans, I ask for your support." He recalled he had made a campaign pledge last year to end the war and declared he had a plan to keep that pledge. "The more support I can have from the American people, the sooner that pledge can be redeemed; for the more divided we are at home, the less likely the enemy is to negotiate in Paris," he said. "Let us be united for peace. Let us also be united against defeat. Because let us understand: North Vietnam cannot defeat or humiliate the United States. Only Americans can do that." Nixon firmly turned down suggestions he said were made shortly after his inauguration in January that he order an immediate withdrawal of all American forces from Vietnam. Some political advisers then said "This was the only way to avoid allowing Johnson's war to become Nixon's war," he said. To follow such a course, he said, would be to permit widespread Communist massacres in South Vietnam. Furthermore, he said, there would be a worldwide "collapse in confidence in American leadership" and those intent on worjd conquest would be spurred on to "recklessness" and violence elsewhere. Nixon said his course "is not the easy way (but) it is the right way." To order a precipitate withdrawal from Vietnam, he said, would not only wreck allied confidence in America, but "inevitable remorse and divisive recrimination would scar our spirit as a people." Despite his "discouraging" report on diplomatic initiatives, the President indicated strongly that secret U.S. probings were continuing in the hope of some sort of breakthrough. At one point in his speech, he said: "We have taken other significant initiatives which must remain secret to keep open some channels of communication which may still prove to be productive." Yet, he said, "there can be now no longer any doubt that progress in negotiation depends above all on Hanoi's deciding to negotiate seriously." More about Congress divided on speech Continued from Page 1 ported the President, saying he was "confident the people will support him." His own assessment was that the Nixon plan "seems to be sound, logical and in our best interests." Sen. Barry M. Goldwater, R-Ariz., the 1964 Republican presidential nominee, called the speech "one of the most honest reports any chief executive ever has made" and said, "I concur 100 per cent with his conclusions." ; But Sen. Albert Gore, D-Tenn., using the words Nixon himself used last May 14 in an earlier Vietnam policy speech, said the hopes of the American people once again have been "raised and cruelly dashed." He urged the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to quickly reschedule the Vietnam hearings it called off pending the President's speech. , Sen. John IJtennis, D-Miss., chairman of .the Senate Armed Services Commit,tee, said, '% am satisfied the President is doing all he can and it's up to everyone to back him up. That's exactly what I have been doing and will continue to do." Sens. Jacob K. Javits, R-N.Y., and Alan Cranston, D-Calif., both said nearly the sanie thing—that Nixon was eloquent but he hadn't changed anything and they were disappointed. "It was an eloquent and clear statement of past and present Johnson-Nixon Vietnam policies but it offered nothing new for the future except more Johnson- Nixon policy," Cranston said. "The end of American bleeding and dying in Vietnam is not in sight." "The President's statement, as eloquent and moving as it was, hasn't changed anything," Javits said. "It can only be characterized as a disappointment for those of us who had hoped he would give leadership to what I believe to be the overwhelming desire of the American people for an early disengagement ..." Sen. George Aiken, R-Vt., said the President said little "that was new or spectacular," but he believed Nixon "was wise in not setting a timetable." Aiken predicted, however, more U.S. troop withdrawals would be announced before Christmas. Rep. Ross Adair, Ind., ranking Republi- can member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said: "I thought it was an excellent speech. It was calm, reasoned and perhaps the best exposition of the full background and status of the war that has yet been given." Sen. Edmund S. Muskie, D-Maine, said, "Although the President referred at one point to a fixed timetable for withdrawal, which he said he could not make public, his subsequent comments made it clear that it was dependent upon Saigon's capacity to take over the war and Hanoi's willingness to de-escalate the war. Such a plan, as in the past, leaves the decision as to American withdrawal in Saigon and Hanoi, rather than in Washington." Rep. Allard Lowensteih, D-N.Y., an early and moving force in the antiwar movement, said "I'm afraid this is not a plan at all ... this is a hope." Senate GOP leader Hugh Scott praised the speech and said: "I urge those who believe the President Is on the right path to peace to indicate their support by message to the White House. Let the voice of the majority of Americans be heard. Let the voice be heard, whatever it may say." 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