Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 16, 1972 · Page 5
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June 16, 1972

Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 5

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Pampa, Texas
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Friday, June 16, 1972
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Page 5
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MMMDAHTNI M I* «6(h YEAR Frlda y, Jtine Vffl . * PAMPA. TEXAS «6lh YEAR Friday, Jtii What's The Impact Of Nixon's Summit Trips On Asian Countries? EDITUrt S NOTE: What h*. and IvtrbhaM HM »*»»i»«^ * k»._. . i.n... j.._. . _!•_» 1^1 >k» >— »«_.»j > . .. •..__ i_>.u _ ti_k< —j L..H. . _..j ...... i ... >. AM«HAHI|/< •unApnnHiar will h8VC to fine 11 erm! I»7Z NOTE: What has been the impact of President Niton's summit trips on Asian diplomatic affairs? The follow- Ing article, second of two, surveys the imoact so far. By KENNETH J, FREED AiMclairf Press Writer WASHINGTON <AP) - The immediate impact of President Ninon's trips to Peking and Moscow has been psychological, • fcel'Jg that some friction points have been filed down, according to officials here and abroad. "Unlike Europe, where the summit talks accelerated or opened the way toward major progress in arms control, trade and what have you," a high American official said, "the key feature in Asia is a recognition that the old order doesn't serve anyone's interests." What may have been ignited in the views of various officials Interviewed is an even faster growth of Japan as an economic superpower In the Pacific, a drift toward neutralism by some current U.S. allies and a general realignment of relationships. This situation, however, won't be translated into major agreements and dramatic shifts of alliances for years to come, the officials said. Another U.S. expert, who made the China trip, said the long-term prospects are for the. United States to become less directly involved in Asia as its interests shift from military to economic. "The main concerns from the American point of view and in an over-all sense will be to deal with the Japanese as the new economic superpower and China as the new political superpower," the official said. However, nearly everyone interviewed on the future of Asia warned against overoptimism. Most see little chance of a major war in the Pacific, but they warn that years will pass before specific agreements such as those reached at the Moscow Summit will be possible. When the talk turns to specific steps in U.S.-China relations, U.S. officials talk of extremely modest developments. Trade with Peking since Nixon relaxed restrictions is very small, with $9.2 million Imported from the mainland so far this year. Most of this has been hog bristles, food items and soft wares. U.S. exports are equally unimpressive. American businessmen at the recent Canton trade fair received orders for about $10 million in small manufactured items and soft wares. In comparison, the U.S. imports in 1971 totaled about $40 billion, with two-way trade with Japan figured at $10.5 billion. The Boeing Corp. has a delegation in China to discuss possible sales of aircraft and parts, and Lockheed has received a similar invitation. Negotiations are continuing between RCA and Peking on Chinese purchase of ground satellite communications facilities built for Nixon's visit. But Washington officials say relatively little money is involved. The RCA transaction, for example, totals just $2.1 million. Policy makers here doubt that China will ever become a major trading partner for the United States. "China doesn't have much in the way of resources to trade with," one expert said. "And since the Chinese see trade as a political weapon, they feel a need to spread what they do have around to as many nations as possible." Cultural exchanges remain equally limited and the official outlook is for a continued slow pace in this area of U.S.-China relations. There is an increasing flow of Americans to the mainland- scholars, students, scientists. But there has been little from the other direction-only the Chinese table tennis team and a projected visit by a medical delegation. Sources in France indicated that ambassadorial contact at Paris involves little true negotiation and increasingly may become a letter drop; a place for handling visas and other routine business. Officials in Washington are reluctant to be that blunt, but they do acknowledge that "any really important decisions are more likely to be made by other means than Paris." Small as these gains are,: American officials say they are not distressed, even when the specific agreements of the Moscow Summit are compared with the mostly rhetorical results of the trip to Peking. They point out that years went into the U.S.-Soviet arms limitation treaty as well as an expected trade agreement and the accords on space cooperation, environment and health. And what do Asia's diplomats say as they watch the end of China's diplomatic isolation? The consensus is that the rift between China and the Soviet Union is fundamental. War is regarded as unlikely, but so is reconciliation. This is recognized as well by the Peking leadership, high U.S. officials said, and it played a part in their overtures to Washington and the West. "In looking around for a way to hedge against the Russians, the Chinese saw the United States as the most reliable of the powers involved," one State Department policy maker said. FATHER'S DAY SPECIALS Norelco Tripleheader III MODEL 35T SATURDAY ONLY • Super Micregroove Floating heads for closer contour shaving. • Pop-out Trimmer for Sideburns...pops out and on, pops in and outl • Flip-Top cleaning with convenience to speed up cleaning. • On/Off Switching ease. Dual voltage slector for worldwide shaves. Four convenient credit plans available Zalts Revolving Charge • Zales Custom Charge Master Charge • BankAmerkard During GRAND OPENING COOK'S SHAMROCK SERVICE 421 S. CUYLER THIS SPARKLING 58-OUNCE CORONADO AVOCADO PITCHER FREE WITH EACH FIU-UP 10 GAUONS, OR MORI, OF FINE SHAMROCK GASOLINE DURING OUR GRAND OFENiNGI Starting Sunday-Choice of 16-ox. or 9-oi. Matching Glass Free With Each Fill-Up of )0 Gallons, or More. AREAHAAGAM And the progress toward better relations made at the Moscow summit may "see China pick up its pace toward normalization to meet the Russian competition," he added. "It started out as a way to protect themselves from the Russians," another government source said, "and it has worked. The Chinese are pragmatists and essentially more nationalistic than revolutionary. If something works, they'll follow it." Underlining all this was a theme often restated—that no nation, including China, will initiate a nuclear war. "A nuclear stand-off is as much a part of the new world in Asia as it is in Europe," is the way one diplomat described it. So, the official went on, the need to cooperate, combined with a fear of nuclear war, means it is less likely that any Asian power, the United States included, will intervene in trouble spots or be so free with arms aid. This has a trickle-down effect, he added. Smaller nations, realizing they won't get full support, "may not be so willing to jump Into" a fight. At the same time, he said, without the aid and support levers it will become harder and harder to influence the smaller countries and they might decide "on a little adventurism" on the theory the big powers are too concerned about each other to try to stop them. Part of the problem in settling the Vietnam war may stem from this attitude, officials indicated. "Both Hanoi and Saigon are more difficult to influence," one expert said, adding: "Besides, Vietnam is holdover from an older era. The war can only be ended by those involved." Some Asian officials suggest that China will not be fully willing to relax its attitudes until the United States is out of the Southeast Asia fighting. American allies in that area are worried that in its eagerness to improve ties with Peking the United States' determination and commitment to protect them will be lowered. This is notable in Thailand. Leaders there fear China, which has aided a guerrilla movement and built a road across Laos to the Thai border after calling Thailand a No. I target for a "people's revolution." With this concern, the Bangkok government has been uneasy about the Peking'sum- mit and cautious in assessing the results of the Nixon trip. Another area that will remain touchy is Taiwan, the island occupied by the Nationalist Chinese and claimed by Peking as an integral part of the mainland. Taiwan talks of holding out, militarily and economically, while Peking has said a priority of its policy is the retrieval of the island, which the United States is pledged to defend. The Taiwan dispute spreads to other parts of Asia. For instance, China continues to insist on Japan's scrapping its 1952 peace treaty with the Nationalists as a price for improved Peking-Tokyo relations. Jdpan appears as a mystery in the formulations over the shaping of Asia. It is virtually unanimous in official thinking here and abroad that the Japanese are a vital force, a key to the future, particularly as an economic superpower. The force of Tokyo's impact now and for the future is evident, experts point out. when it is realized Japan moved from the devastation of World War II to its current status of having the third largest Gross National Product in the world. Japanese businessmen are among the major investors in Asia, they are the largest manufacturers of electronic components in the world and are challenging for the international leadership in auto production. But whether Tokyo will move toward increasing neutrality, be a destabilizing element or even establish itself as the controlling force are all uncertainties. The shift in relations with the United States started well before the Peking summit as Japan emerged as an economic giant. Washington and Tokyo officials publicly restate they are each other's closest Asian ally. But others in Asia watch and wonder which way Japan will go. There is one thing certain, as expressed by U.S. officials: Any nation seeking influence in Asia will hive to find 11 erms with the Japanese, and t to it includes the United States. A drift tow m rd increasing neutralism is a iso evident in other parts of / is fa. This is seen in the Phillipit w s, another traditional Ameri ct m ally. Leaders there talk in te rms of opening new windows t o "let in the winds of change." Phillipine e in /oys have made a secret trip t o Peking and the Manila gove rr iment is turning from the Ur lit ted States to Japan, China a nd even Eastern Europe for ti :a ide. Another .< tif gn of prospective neutralism in i Asia is the growing influem :e of the Association of Southea st Asian Nations, a five-memtx er group established to promote : r nore regional power. The as: so ciation. which includes the Phillipines, Indonesia, ft Malaysia, Singapore and Thaili in d, was formed several year. 1 a ago to promote regional se If- sufficiency and to move out c >f the orbits of the competini \ v vorld powers. There ar e 156 "Long Lakes" in Minne M> ta. D un CORONADO CENTER Shop Saturday 10 am 'til 6 pm Double Knits and Dad Knits arc sure "Dad Pleases." They're so comfortable, so wearable so fresh and so new. Get Dad into knits and watch him smile. Our collection of patterns, solids or textures is so pleasing in plain or belted back coats, .tab-waist or belt loop pants. Choose his fror ours 44.00 to 110.00 Double Knits Dad deserves something special and that means double knits. They stretch with you for comfort plus the 100% polyester fabric resist wrinkles to keep you looking neat all day. 12,90 25700 Double Knit Coats These comfortable, paeke ible pplyes are plain or belted baei t mocfels ii of colors and patterns. 33.00 to 70.00 terkni; n a selection ; ck Scratcher oe Horn Worth more than its .tiny price when you itch where you can't roach, or put on your shoos without a deep knee-bond. 3.00 Half Sleeve Dress Shirts These short sleeve shirts are just the thing Dad will want. Permanent press for easy care in polyester and cotton blends, or polyester and arvil knits. Solids, stripes or patterns 14 1/2 thru 3.99 to 12.00 Wall Placque Brush and Shoe Horn Beautifully curbed handles. 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