The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas on September 7, 1918 · Page 1
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September 7, 1918

The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas · Page 1

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Saturday, September 7, 1918
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i- ^ ' * *' ' ~" "* ' '''''' ^ 1 " i » tMt Ntwrd A • • MEMiER Of* tHi • • ABSOClATttJ MMI * • WHICH i» t HE »eir • XX U 1 UxMJ >l OUJN *•«•<• • •» • • f Hfi NEWS HAS fHi * « LARGEST cihcutA *ian • » 6 F THE PAPERS IN • * CENTRAL KANSAS . • HtJTCmKSON, KANSAS. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1918. LAST EDITION NO. 19. CONTINUED GAINS MADE BY ALLIES They Are Going Forward on Ail of the Fighting Front and Holding What They Take of the Enemy. FRENCH ARE IN TWO MILES OF LA FERE Franco-Americans Also Press Onward Prom Qrouhd Along Aisne. British Have Pushed Forward, Farther North, On a Front of Two Miles. I (Dy The Associated Press.) ! Accelerating the flight of the retreating Germans, the British, Trench and American armies gained Important new ground last night and today along the entire front from the Aisne to the west of Cambrai. In the northern part of the front, the British have pushed forward on a front of more than fifteen miles. They have driven In hard upon the left flank of the Gorman line protecting Cambrai along the Canal du Nord, occupying the greater portion of Hav- rlncourt wood and capturing several additional towns to the southward. Suth of the Souinie the French are reported to have uffecled a gain to an average of two miles on a twenty mile front. They took the important town of Tergnier, only 2% miles from the Hindenburg line at La Fere and swept over several towns northward toward the British rrbnt In their progress. Some Good_ Gains. . It was beyond the Oise, however, that General Petain 's forces made their most Important gains/General Mangin 's army has a difficult task /Bp- lore it Hero, wheroVthe, Germans? are established tu tho extensive forest '.'.of SL.Gobain, (he key point of their do- fenslve ' syBte'plV The French have already pushed, through the outlying lower forest' oil- Coucy, however .and t »y taking Hartals have begun to press In upon St. Gobaln massif itself. At points along this front the (French apparently have reached ground beyuud the former German defensive line. Tho official statement from Paris shows them on the edges of the upper forest of Coucy, also a part of the St. Uobaiu bastion defending l.aon, and they are unofficially reported to have pushed into a big stretch of entirely new ground In this area. The Germans are desperately resisting here, French Advances. On the Aisne the French have taken the Conde- Fort and Conde- Sur-Alsne, whence their movement threatens the> Germans still clinging to the river to the east along the front held by the Americans. Thus, • It seems thai there can hardly bo 'more than a momentary halt by tho enemy here, and the reports from the American front indicate that the Allied lines ulreudy are moving ahead, particularly In the east, toward Khelms, where a movement is In progress to force the Germans out of the "angle south of the Alsue whore they aro yet hplding. in Flanders the British have gained further ground, driving in further toward the Messlues ridge, In the vicinity of the town of Mosslnes, and edg- 1 lug eastward, further south toward Labassee. As a whole, through the campaign Inaugurated by Marshaf Foch July IS, and in particular through the Frunco- Hrttish-drive during August, the Germans' stroko 6f March 01 now has; boen virtually cancelled. Nearly Out Now, The Germaus have boen pushed from all the territory thoy conquered by the great offensive they opened on that date except for a narrow strip between l«i Fere and Cambrai. Along his old line the enemy now faces an. Allied force that Is under unified command and.that, Instead of somewhat anxiously awaiting a '-'powerful German stroke, is on the aggressive and'powerfully reinforced'hy the Imposing mass of American forces that has been transported to', Franco since early sprjng. ; ' THE WAR SITUATION > ^ THIS MORNING J (By Tho Associated Press.) Haste marks the flight of the Germans all along the battle front In France from the river Aisne to the old enemy defenses before Cambrai. The Allies are now within striking distance of Cambrai and St. Quentin, while La Fere Is in more Immediate danger and Laon Is within range of French guns. On the Aisne front the French and Americans have reached a critical stage in their advance and indications point to a stiffening of the German do- fenso In on effort to stave oft the evacuation of their strong positions on tho Chemln Des Dames. In Woods and Hills. Tho Amoricans occupy positions In tho woods nnd hills south of tho'river Aisne on. an cxtondod front On the Americans' loft tho French have taken Coucy Lc Chateau and are In possession of their old trenches dominating tho Chemln Des Dames. At this point the French are approaching positions of vital Importance to the Germans if they plan to further resist the Allied pressure towards Laon. In the Noyon sector tho French now hold tho Important Junction point at Ham and tho further retreat of the Germans on the old Hindenburg line between La Fere and St, Quentin is anticipated. To the north the BritiBh have advanced to a depth of seven miles southeast of Peronne on a line from Moncfcy La-gaso, Pincourt and Vrag- nes. In tills advnnco the British met a stiff resistance, only rtroond Nurlu and Bqunncourt, where thq'y:,: took-;nd-J vantage: pf ^Jh.^ natural defen 'sei £'*Ot" rho high ground" Slight gains were also made by the British in" Flanders where Wulvorghem, Neuve Chapelle: and Bussu were captured. La Fere In Danger. The recent advances by the British and French have almost cleared the Noyon salient and with St. Quentin menaced and Lo Fero in Immediate danger of capture tho Germans face tho necessity of preparing a now .defensive line to the rear of tho old Hindenburg line. To tho south and east where the terrain is more favorable tho Germans apparently are taking advantage of this handicap to the French and Americans in delaying their further, retreat back of the Chemln Des Dames. Their success in such a maneuver depends largely upon tho power of the French in the vicinity of Rhejms. In fa-ct a hammer blow-by, tho French north and west of the cathedra] city, may not be an unexpected-maneuver on the part ot Marshal Foch to Btart another retrograde movomant of the Germans. READY FOR FIRST ARMY General March Says Nearly. All $ <$>•«> *'< <j) Cj> • WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY. * * • . :•'*"' <i> ^ 4. <i> <•> <(> <$i<$> <t> $ <i> (By the ^t'oelated Press,) With the American Army on the Aisne Front, Sept. 7.—i(M"orning.)—- Additional forces and supplies were brought up by both the - Americans aud the Wench during last 1 night and early today tho Franco-American line was again advanced, The Allied artillery of both heavy and- small calibres is being used to tear holes In the enemy Hues. The new fprces were brought'.up along the Aisne to the. west of Flsines where the Germans' are entrenched along the canal parallel to the-rivor ( The big gUUS .behind, the.. Franco- Aiuerlcan lines wore set in. ni«y up., iu formations {»!' to lbs- rear wb.Ua all the cross roads were subjected to a "punishing fire, .'•.,; r Closing Slowly In. The Franco-American lino continued to close, slowly but with unerring certainty about the German left flank that had clung to tho sector to the west of' Rhelms. Particularly determined reslBtanco was displayed by the enemy remaining at the point In the angle made by tho line swinging upward toward tho Aisne. The Germans used their artillery late on Friday with all pos- Blblo vigor and thotr machine gun crows defended tho retreating army point by point. Nevertheless tho linos of both tho French and the Americans wore advanced early today. Bound for the Aisne. Reports brought into headquarters Indicate that tho German divisions in this seotpr are as certainly bound for tho Alsrio as those already across that river further to tho west. Biit ! that they are determined to exact as large a price us possible before yielding the territory which has already cost them so much to hold. Tho Gorman artillery was active along the river front, throwing an enormous volume of high explosive, shrapnel and gas * shp|ls into the HngB that were constantly harassing them. *•••*••'*•• *. • • • FRENCH 8TAT6MENT, * « • - • : Paris, Soot. 7,—On the front between the' Sororae and, the Olse the French continued to , press forward last night, overcoming the resistance of the German rear guard, according to today's war otjloe report. Pushing e»st of Ham, French troops have occupied th.e towns of Dury and Olle'iy,_moro than three miles beyond Ham. North, of the Ailette the French have made a further advance, winning the entire lower forest of Coucy, North of tUe~Vesle where American, troops • M . (Cftptinued BA Psfe li) ,• DIGGING UP A PRECEDENT 1 ON iHUfjtSMf 1 -sir fVjV> NOT MANY YANKS IN FIGHT In Present Campaign in France —Getting First Array Ready for Offensive. Washington, Sept. 7.—Organization of the first American field army In France is progressing BO ^ rapidly that Genoral March told the members of tho senate military committee today nearly 95 per cent of tho American troops^brigaded with the British and French have been withdrawn and are being assembled at a point he did ofil resiguate. This accounts for tho small number of Americans engaged lu tho Allies. ' 1 Characterialng the German retrograde movement as ,a general retreat on a hundred mile front from Arras to near Rhelms, General March In his weekly statement today pointed out that tho Uerman lines now aro sixty miles from tho French capital at their nearest point as compared with forty miles as late as July 15, Two Operations. The enemy's retreat was forced primarily, General March sold, by two operations. Tho first was that of the British on the Arrus-Peronue front and tho other was the advance of tho Franco-American troops across tho Solssons plateau. The Hindenburg line is now only ten miles away from the advancing Allies at its farthest sector, Official reports to the department show that the Franco-Americans had roacbed the Aisne on a.ten mile front last night while the French. troops further north were within ten miles' of St. Quentin. General Pershing has sent to the department a report of minor casualties hitherto unreported because of their trivial character, Thoy total twenty thousand cases up to August 30, nipst ot them being men who were so slightly wounded that they were returned to the ranks within a few days. The Casualty Lists. In connection with tills announcement General March disclosed that the new policy.of the department -would be to have General Pershing forward by courier twice a wee,k lists of all wounded. The complete list will then be made public from Washington and casualty reports cabled from American headquarters. When tuo system is in etfeot it' will include only dead and missing. General March explained that complete data in each case will be included In tho list of wounded so tfest relatives may bo advised fully »J to the nature of the wounds. , In Russia. Summarising reports received here Pit the Siberian situation the chief of iWf B «id that the C*tMho.-$loyuks and the Cossack-Japanotle forces had cleared the trans-j3|berian railway from Vladivostok tdjjtho river Volga. He added that thelfeneral situation was now more favotlblo. Organization oftrajjso new divisions has been ordered, tie ninety fifth at Camp Sherman, Ohio; ninety sixth at Camp Wadsworthj-g. .C, and the ninety .'seventh at Canlp- Cody, N. M.: „ General March announced that more than nmety pcro'eii 'lii of. tho .entire, •Arnoriflari-.,'.'f6rfeesyM ^France atfda^y,. J6Si&SB»ii»ifffilsM sectors;',,'..'...• •"•<' '''•' ft -^.;V .J--Th«-l>!*fiilon». American troops'In Italy still are In reserve sectors and have not taken part in any activities. Referring to the location of American divisions in France, General March said the 27th, composed ot New York troops had now taken Its place on the line In FlariderB, while the ninety . second composed of negro troops from all section had arrived in the VosgeB. Improvement in the transportation facilities continues, General March said. The number ot ships iu use Is being Increased and the "turn around" Is being cut down." Troop ships nre now being unloaded in French ports in three or four days while the time for unloading cargo carriers has been reduced until now from ten to fifteen days aro required. General March said 1,200. airplanes have been delivered from factories 10 far. Latest advices Indicate, he said, GERMANS BACKUP THEY FACED A HEAVY FIRE Heavy Barrage and Barriers of Gas Were Used in Withdraw log From the Vesle. (Continued on Pago 13.) WEATHER REPpRT. First National Building Temperature for Lait 24 Hours. Temperuturtt at Noon 70. 4 P.M.., 70 5 P. M 70 i 8 P. M 60 ! 10 P. M-. 60 , 12 Midnight 58 ! a A. M M 4 A. M., » A. M 8 A. M 10 A. M 12 Noon,... 2 1'. M Maximum, 74; MltUrnuip, is. ..EH ..60 ..70 ..74 FAIR WEATHER WARMER /EATHER Kansas—Fair tonight and Sunday; warmer tonight and In southeast portion Sunday, THERE *\IST NOIH\^ To Be l£r\HNED frton .THE WAr\ PKOprMTTS js THET", zirmief IN THt; VK.€ Of , COOTMHUrSV. DlV^PcflNT^ MENT. ' DEMORALIZATION OF THE HUNS REPORTED Widespread and Growing Dissatisfaction With Army, Accompanied by Desertions and Mutiny. ALARMING OUTBREAKS HAVE OCCURRED what must have been rightful consr- quences for the Germans. Full Strength Now. Tho slowing down of the Gorman retreat from the Aisne has enabled the Americans anil French to bring up supplies and artillery and get into the line the full strength desired for forward position. Tho Germans of course have had the samo opportunity to plnco their artillery in position with tho result that artillery .ictlon today was enlivened and may bo expected to increase until n new move toward (lie Chcniin DPS Dames is made, That the Germans will establish themselves on that lino thero Is almost doubt. There Is consols-1 tion that the statements made by prisoners arc substantiated by circumstances incldont to tho operations. The Americana concluded today their movement across the plateau and down the slopes toward thn river. They were constantly mudo targets but the movement was accomplished with astonishing'success, notwithstanding the German's Intimate knowledge of the abandoned territory and their excellent opportunity for observation. French airplanes assigned to this front wero remarkably daring and efficient in their operations. Declared Entire Mutinous Bavarian Division Was Sent Home. Disobedience and Defiance of Officers is Common at Front, is Hie Report. NEAR BEER BREWERIES • TO GO OUT OF BUSINESS They Are Hurt Just as Much as the Real Iicer Fellows by Newest Order. With the American army on tho Vesle front, Friday, Sept. 6.—(Dy The Associated Press).—Menaced by a salient ^Increasing In danger, tho Germans today began a withdrawal from tho Veslo valloy to the right of tho Amoricans. On the west flank the Americans held firmly, while the French oxorlod sharp prgssuro on tho rear but there has developed a situation considerably different from that ot the past few days in tho region westward towards Solssons. The Germans fought more nearly in the spirit of their traditions but elowly this continued to glvo way, leaving little doubt that tho line from near Rhelms to that now along the Aisno would bo quickly straightened. In Hot Fighting. Tho struggle is being made to tho American right and has placed them in a position where they are subject to heavy enfilade especially by the artillery. Despite desperate resistance they swung their lino forward to its Junction with tho French whore tho most deteumlned resistance was encountered. Moru brolceu country offers better opportunities for defense and tho Germans have taken advantage of every hill side and ravluo in placing their artillery and machine guns. The Americans were forced to face 8, heavy barrage while barriers of gas wore used In evory ravine down which they might advance. An equally destructive artillery response was made by the Americans, however, and the men already tried in previous engagements, advanced steadily driving out the machine gun nests one after another. Result Is Certain. The Germans hold their positions alohg a machine gun lino stubbornly, many of them dying at their posts, but the total mortality was not great since only machine gunners wore left in the rear line. It is probable, however, that tho German losses were largo as a result of the counter artillery tire. Same thirty prisoners wero brought in today from that part of the sector on tho Americana' right. Because of the better terrain the Germans can afford to retreat hero more slowly and exact a higher price In return for their withdrawal. It is evlt- able at the same timo that they too must pay dearly. The result is a foregone conclusion and, the only question is that ot the cost in men. Today tho Germans enfiladed the Americans, who on their part replied In kind and with interest, while the French ?uppJemenW4 their wor* with. Washington, Sept. 7.—Manufacturers ot near beers which have developed a nourishing business In prohibition ter- rUPryi it wa s officially explained today; are Just as much affected by the 'decision to cut-off brewing of beer as those who make the actual bevorage. Millions of dollars have been invested In the business. One of tho largest breweries in the country recently erected on additional million-dollar plant solely for the brow, lng of this beverage. The principal uses hrewerles can be converted into are the manufacturing of ice, cold storage, making of yeast for baking, rolling barley and grinding grains for mill feed. All these purposes would be likely be declared essential to the war or to tho civilian population. London, Sept. 7.—General demoralization of the German population and widespread and growing dissatisfaction in the German army, accompanied by mutiny and desertions are described in a dispatch to the Dally Telegraph from Its Rotterdam correspondent, un. der date of Thursday. The correspondent says that Information reaching him 13 so sensational as to Insure skepticism but declares that he has' received corroboration from authoritative sources which establishes the authenticity of the information beyond a doubt. SUSPENDED THE ORDER. One Justice In Missouri Overrules Another. Jefferson City, Mo., Sept. 7.—Chief Justice llond of the state supromo court this afternoon suspended tho order of Circuit Judgo Slate which automatically would havo restored five cent street car fares lu Kansas City and St. Louis, Mo., and authorized tho car companies to contlnuo charging six cent fares until tho supremo court passes on the cose. A decision In the caso is expected before the end of this year. The end of the supresedas granted by the supreme court, aro that the company impound tho extra cent in a bank to be paid back' If 'he court holds tho slate public service commission had no authority tu grant tho six faro. Script for one cent must be Issued to each passenger when ho enters u streot cor, this being payahlo to bearer at the bank if court set aside the six cent faro. Jofferson City, Mo., Sept. 7.—Circuit Judge John G. Slate today denied a Bupersedas bond which automatically compels tho Kansas City Hallways Company to restore flvo cont street car fares In that city pending a decision of the Htat-3 supremo court, and sets aside the nix cent rate granted by the ;ublic Horvlco commission. I Tho decision also affects tho United Hallways Company of SU Lou.s who also was asking for tho aceupunc3 of a aupersedas bond In order that thoy could continue charging six cents. • • vy ENCOURAGING. <r * • Paris, Sept. 7.—The midday com­ munique from the war office today was -welcomed aa one of the first ot the recent encouraging series as it showed that General Mangln had taken another bite out ot the Hindenburg line, lie did this by capturing Barlsls, ot which tho Allies only occupied the outskirts at the turthertst point of their 1917 advance. The inroad upon the old line was further emphasised- fey the capture ot Aulers and Dassaloes-Aulors, which the Germans had held since 1914, Ilo assorts that tho German army Is filled with despondency and seething with mutiniious spirit mid that alarming outbreaks have occurred In several units, principally Bavarian and Sileslan. One Incident on tho Arras front terminated in a whole Bavurian division being disarmed and transported to llavariu, where It was placed in a prison camp and the mutiny of ono of the Sileslau regiments resulted In nearly a hundred of its men being executed. Many Desertions. A huge number of desertions nre occurring, the correspondent says and It la estimated that there are moro than twenty thousand deserters In Berlin alone. Largo numbers aro scattered throughout tho country and the authorities aro having the greatest difficulty iin trailing deserters, owing to the connivance of the working classes. Nevertheless hundreds have been arrestod and generally these have been sentenced to 15 years imprisonment. A great number of Imprisoned deserters, broken by solitary confinement have been released and Bent back to the ranks. Won't Obey Officers. Disobedience ami defiance of officers is common at tho front, according to the correspondent's Information and a similar spirit Is shown In tho munition factories, where tho workers deliberately aro slowing up, with tho result that the output has been seriously decreased. * • •> •y UNBROKEN ADVANCE. •> l« Lenlne DesdT Stockholm, Friday, Sept. «,—Contrary to reports received from official Bolshevik! sources, travelers who hare arrived *t iia$araudu, Sweden, from Moscow, assert (hat Permter I#n.lne is drag, London, Sept. 7— Public interest today Is rHille divided between tho unbroken advance ot the Allied armies and tho apparent signs that the Gorman people uro In a stato of nervous anxiety bordering on demoralization, Moro editorial space Is being given here recently to future events than thu retreat of the German army. Tho bolluf that something like a panic has seized tho German populace la not based upon storied 'from neutral sources, which have raised hopes in tho past, but upon the utterances of the leaders In the German nation and the appeals of Gorman newspapers to the public to keep its bead while they themselves admit the seriousness of the military situation. Quite Different Tho emperor's bold vein of assurance, Chancellor V011 Elcrttliig's franchise speech, General L)n>dm:i'n's stringent order, and above all Field Marshal Von lllndenburg's proclamation are cited as manifest efforts to check tho decay of ih t . German spirit, which it is contended must ov­ ist to have called thorn forth. In short It Is declurvd that the German people and perhaps also the military chiefs evideutly are greatly disturbed by roceut events. Watching Franco-Americans. The Interest of military commentators, while, not Ignoring the continued Brltluh progress, cvniwrs chiefly on the important French sue cesses on Ilia southern end of the line of attack. Tho stiffening ot the ouomy resistance on this front Is noted and tho difficult operations before the French and Americans is recognized. The Times, referring to tho Franco-Aiuerlcun urrival before "the great pivotal po^ltlun ot the- enemy In France of which the forett ot St- Oobaln forms the glacis," says » frontal attack lu this forest Is ou ot tho question tuid now as last yeai the French doubtliss prefer to go arouid out have some very difficult ground to cover before they are 011 , the Chctulu Pes Dawea

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