The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin on July 4, 1965 · Page 8
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July 4, 1965

The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin · Page 8

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Racine, Wisconsin
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Sunday, July 4, 1965
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Page 8
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8A RACfNE SUNDAY BULLETIN Sundey, July 4, 1965 A DATE WITH MARS Mariner 4's Fly-By CAMERA PATH-Starting from the top, Mariner 4 wHI photograph mrface of Mars in poth running down to right. Strong Winds, Hail Hit City BALTIMORE, Md. Vicious 70 MPH winds strafed Clarksburg, Md., about 25 miles nortliwest of the nation's capital Saturday and the blow was accompanied by heavy rains and golf-ball- sized hail. The strong winds in the Clarksburg area caused considerable damage with many trees, buildings and power poles blown down. Earlier, a heavy thunderstorm soaked Wichita, Kan., with 1.96 inches of rain and quarter- inch hail in two hours. Heavy thunderstorms also hit opposite ends of Alabama, In the extreme southwestern part of the state Mobile was deluged by a torrential cloudburst that settled 1.85 inches of rain on the city in 30 minutes. In the northern part of the state Birmingham was buffeted by 50 MPH winds and heavy rain. Most of the northeastern section of the nation received much-needed rain, while the Middle Atlantic states and the Southland reeled under thunderstorms. But clear skies and bright sunshine prevailed over the Western two-thirds of the nation. A noonday sun dispersed fog, drizzle and low clouds that shrouded the Pacific Coast in the morning. Afternoon temper atures ranged from 49 degrees in Areata, Calif., to 108 degrees in Palm Springs, Calif. 1 •••' • WASHINGTON — (m — The Soviet birth rate is de dining—and one reason Is the high proportion of working mothers. This conclusion is among the "current economic indicators for the U.S.S.R.", com piled for the Senate-House Economic Committee by its staff and published Saturday. Under the heading "Family Versus Work," the book- length study reports that the Soviet government "has become increasingly concerned about the heavy burden of housework borne by working wives and mothers." The burden is increased, the study said, by the relative scarcity not only of^ such household aids as vacuum cleaners and washing machines, but of such things as hot or even running water and of refrigeration that makes infrequent food shopping possible. Link Slump to the Jobs "Heavy household burdens, combined with the demands of a career, cause many professional women to have only one, or at most, two children," the study said. "There seems little doubt that one of the unintended effects of the high proportion of married women working in the Soviet Union is a reduced birth rate." Another factor contributing to a 21 per cent decline in the birth rate .since the early 1950s, the study said, is the relatively small number of women reaching childbearing age, because of low birth rates during World War II. The study said the college age population has been, declining and the group of primary school age is expected to decline during the 1970s. Over-all projections of the Soviet population, now about 229 million, are for 245 million to 261 million by 1975 and 259 million to 299 million by 1985. Status of Women As for the status of women, the study said they make up about 52 per cent of all professionals, including a majority of physicians and 31 per cent of engineers. However, the proportion of women in the highest professional posts is much smaller -5 per cent to 12 per cent in some categories—suggesting that most women get stuck at intermediate grades in their careers. On more general matters, the study concluded, that the Soviet Union's economic growth rate has fallen in five years from 8.5 per cent to 2.6 per cent, largely because of poor performance in agriculture, which, in turn was attributed to poor technology and unfavorable weather. The Soviet government continues to favor military programs and agriculture in its allocation of capital resources, the study said. NEW YORKERS OLDER The typical resident of four of the five largest U.S. cities is 33 years old. In the largest, New York, the median age is 35. Bamam Days STARTS WED! SEE PENNEY'S BIG 16-PAGE BARGAIN CIRCULAR IN TUESDAY'S PAPER! AP NewfeahirM Details on Mars Are Few Mariner 4 May Alter Many Ideas, Maps of 'Mysterious Red Planet' By Ralph DIghton (Aisoclated Press Writer) The present-day map of Mars is as accurate as present knowledge allows, but take it with a grain of salt. No camera has photographed, no human eye has seen the details shown on the map all at one time. Our maps of Mars are a composite of photographs and sketches made by astronomers at many different places, over scores of years. Many astronomers have spent a lifetime looking at Mars with the best telescopes —and never have seen any of the network of "canals" and "oases" shown on some maps. Equally reputable astronomers have seen them many times. Some say this network is evidence of intelligent life on Mars. Others hunt less imaginative explanations. Expect 21 Photos If all goes well, Mariner 4 will take 21 pictures as closej as 6,000 miles when it fliesj past Mars on July 14. Until that time, all maps of the mysterious red planet must be based on a few known details—plus a lot of guesswork, tinged with hope. The known details, photographed hundreds of times, are the white caps at the poles and ragged dark areas extending from them toward the equator. Mars maps usually show, however, a vast network of lines stretching from the dark areas across a light-colored region girdling the planet, and smudges where the lines intersect. The lines and smudges have never been clearly photographed. They have been sketched in, a few at a time, by astronomers staring long hours through telescopes during nights when Mars is closest to earth. Even then. Mars is more than 35 million miles away. The sketches were made under admittedly poor conditions, with the astronomers hurriedly drawing rough outlines in virtual darkness while perched in observatory domes, and few match when superimposed. Co - ordinates may differ up to several hundred miles. Making them agree sometimes takes a certain amount of guesswork— mapmakers call it cartographic ingenuity. Latest Maps The latest U.S. Air Force maps are drawn with a resolution of three kilometers, which means they show details as small as two miles across. This is the resolution hoped for in Mariner 4's photographs. This resolution would be 100 times better than the best earth-based photographs and some 50 times better than telescope-aided human vision. Since some of the lines or canals on the Air Force maps are less than two miles wide, a bit of guesswork is obvious. The integrity of these visual observations has never been, doubted. Skeptics simply say they personally have never been able to see canals and oases and suggest (1) that the human eye, while sometimes sharper than a camera, is subject to illusion, and (2) that the human spirit has long yearned for some evidence of fellowship in the cosmic void. Despite the controversy, astronomers generally have accepted the visually observed features enough to give them names, following a system laid down by Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli of Milan Observatory. Schiapa­ relli, first to report seeing the lines, called them "canali," which can be translated either as canals or grooves. He published a map in 1877 us- in names from the Bible and classical mythology, and astronomers since have followed this < system. These names were adopted officially by the International Astronomical Union in 1958. Astronomer's Theory Schiaparelli and other early astronomers thought the dark areas might be seas so they called them maria, the Latin word for seas, and sinuses, meaning bays. One of the more prominent seas. Mare Sirenum, just below the Martian equator, is a primary target of Mariner 4's camera. Unlike earth's land and sea masses, none of the Martian features is permanent in size and shape. The polar caps grow in winter and shrink in summer, giving rise to specu lation that they may be ice The dark areas turn greenish in spring, brown in summer and fall. Some grow enor mousiy in area—a characteristic also of a few canals and oases. These changes have been taken as an indication that the dark areas are vege tation, fed by water from melting ice caps. All these theories were based on the supposition that Mars had water and oxygen —necessary for life as we know it. Recent studies of light reflected from Mars show only a trace of water and no oxygen so most sci entists now believe that if Mars harbors any kind of life it must be in the form of microscopic organisms. 2) RACINE'S 29»h ANNUAL GOODWILL CELEBRATION • SELF'SERVKi SHOE VALUES HILL BROS. HOLIDAY SPECIALS SPECIAL SELECTION OF GIRLS' DRESS FLATS AND CANVAS SHOES Values from $1.99 to $3.99. Infants' sizes 4-8. Children's sizes 8V^-3. $ 159 2palr»3 Traux Will Feature Thunderbird Team MADISON—(^)—The U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds, a supersonic precision aerial demonstration team, will perform at Truax Field in Madison July 17. Air Force officials announced that the aerial team's performance will highlight an open house at the base on Madison's Far East Side. i Maximum life span of the giant tortoise in captivity is 177 years. MEN'S FAMOUS NAME SUMMER CASUAL BUY-OUT Hill Bros, buys out casual stocK of leading manufacturer! All first quality. Full cushioned insole, sturdy foam rubber soles. Oxford and Slip-on styles. LADIES' AND TEENS' TENNIS OXFORDS tolut (nr lonrer wffar, 4 thru )>> Vfhilt qusnli- Women'i Summer Dresi FLATS and SANDALS All cf'fors r;f th*? mir.b ^y//. Including white. All 5IZPS but not in every style. 2 poir for $3 PER PAIR Open Sunday, July 4 — 10 fo 6 2500 DougSas Ave. PLENTY OF FREE PARKING OPEN TOMORROW Mon., July 5—9 to 5 For weeks our cartons have carried the message of the Goodwill Celebration Now, with the big day only hours away, we say ff 'See tfcu Tcmffcti; at the PaM^eT' Yes, we'll be there. Watch for us! • lANDS • MUM • SYMPHON • DOLL BU • CARNIVAL • DANCINfi • GAMES it BK PARADE and DAIRY PRODUCTS You'll find Them Almost Everywhere Blame Declining Russ Birth Rate on High Number of Working Wives

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