The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on May 5, 1970 · Page 8
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May 5, 1970

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 8

Des Moines, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 5, 1970
Page 8
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Page 8 article text (OCR)

r t ": Guardsmen Deny They 'Panicked' CAMPUS' Contlfflicd /foro Pajre Ons -pfed-we eampwlTiday to deal with antl^waf demonstrators. Monday, during the noon hour, their routine occupation produced an American tragedy. No- one — neither, students nor guardsmen rtor university bfficials *- could say precisely what happened. They all recite the same fragmentary-story: On the grassy commbns behind the administration building, several hundred students massed to continue their protests against the war in South' east Asia.and against the presence of guardsmen. Hundreds of other students were on nearby slopes; lurv^ rounding the commons. Other hundreds were leaving their classrooms, walking to lunch through the area. Guardsmen, carrying loaded rifles with bayonets fixed, were lined up facing the students on the green.- They- stood with their backs to the cnarred shell of an R.O.T.C. building destroyed by incendiaries Saturday night. An order to disperse was given over a bullhorn. It was in keeping with an edict by Ohio Gov. James A. Rhodes banning all outdoor demonstrations on the campus. . The order was met by shouts, -obscenities—arrd^ock-tHrowing from the crowd. Fire Tear Gas The helmeted troopers were ordered by Brig. Gen. Robert Canterbury to move on the crowd and-disperse it. The troopers forced the students back, firing tear gas as they advanced. They were met with , a barrage of rocks and a return of unezploded tear gas canis ters. It was now about 12:30 p.m. The guardsmen had driven the students over the crest of the JiULoyerlooking-the_commons._. At that point, the firing began. Monday nigh£Jtroopers-vvhi had been in the line of advance claimed that they had received at least one or two rounds of small arms fire at that juncture. They responded with fire of their own, they said, beginning with warning rounds into the ground and air. Then the blood flowed. Two girls and two young men fell and died. One, a girl, died on an^ access road 50 yards from the advancing line of guardsmen. The others were cut down in and near a parking lot immediately behind the access road — no more than 100 graduate' students and counselors remained. Some of them stood, looking own where the blood was still isible and^wTierTTfie gtrante men were taking up defensive lositions. They were silent. They didn't rant to talk about what- Md lappened. They seemed beyond anger — and understanding. 'I feel like going someplace nd sitting down and vomiting nd crying," said a young raduate student who refused o have his name' printed. He was standing with three ther graduate students. -They 11 expressed the same emo- ions. One said, shaking his lead, "This was supposed to be ust a talking thing (Monday's lemonstration). And they never tot a chance." "No Future" No one knew who had started he shooting or why. But noth- ng in their minds justified it. yards from the line of advance. Their blood was coagulating on the asphalt Near one pool of blood, someone had painted a red x cross. Statement Issued Eight'other students were admitted to hospitals in nearby Ravenna and Akron for gunshot wounds. Two guardsmenjwere "treated f6T"shockT The university's president, Robert I. White, issued a statement after the battle saying: "Everyone without exception is horror struck at the tragedy of the last few Hours. Unfortu nately, no one is able to say . with certainty what the facts o the situation are. There are 1 many unconfirmed reports o gunfire from various sources "We are asking for every , possible appropriate In; vestigation , . • We have closed the university for the remainder of-the week to permit investigation and to 'provide for the full restitution of the university's program Hours after that statemen was issued, the town and th campus itself were occupie territory. It was a scene that may nev er before have been witnesset on an American colleg campus. On a campus that througho its history has symbolized th bucolic quietude of academi retreat, hundreds of guardsmen, armed with M-l rifles, au tomattc weapons and shotguns took up defensive position! They crouched behind trees, be- behind rock walls and bushes their weapons extended. Man; were positioned as snipers'. Streets Deserted Overhead, a helicopter hovered, its bright searchlight sweeping the campus. Just outside the campus gates stood arm o r e d p e r s o n n e 1 carriers. Highway patrolmen, cruised terviewed said with some heat that they have carried ammunition on their other duty'mis- sions, fhey also maintained that they were facing a situation in which, as one of them said, "The odds were 50 to l or 100 to 1 against us and those were not just nice people out there facing us." Regrets Confrontation • General Canterbury issued a statement on behalf oi his Guard: . -~ ". . . As the troops moved in, a crowd estimated at several hundred closed in and assaulted the Guard forces again with rocks and pieces of concrete. 1 !™ "A single, shot was fired (from the crowd) closely followed by several other shots, these by guardsmen. Officers with the Guard contingent ordered an immediate cease-fire. . . We deeply regret that people were shot, we deeply regret that a confrontation took SEES DISORDER VERIFYING™ WASHINGTON, D.C. (AP) Vice-President Spiro T. Ajmew said Monday night that disorders at Kent State University in Ohio in which four young people were killed show that his statements against were correct. violent dissent Dayan Offers the Egyptians An Unconditional Cease-Fire HAIFA, ISRAEL (AP) -Defense Minister Moshe Dayan of- fefed Egypt "an unconditional and unlimited cease-fire" Monday night. Egypt Would only exploit it to rebuild its fortifications. Dayan declared: /'Israel is ready to negotiate and discuss a cease-fire, but if they (Egypt "The government is ready to'arid the Soviets) try to push us o school and work hard and ave a future." .one of these tudents said. "Now I don't feel hat I have a future — except he possibility of getting killed r seeing my friends getting killed. It's like my whole life Is >eing controlled. It's like I lave no control even over my own destiny." A black student said:-' A I-felt ike, well, hell, I might as well be in Vietnam." In front of them were men their own age, but wearing uniforms] The gulf between the students and the guardsmen was impassable. "I feel," said a ""guardsman, n-his.early. 20s, "like it's just ike—an—order—to-elean—up—a atrine. You do what you're told to do." His buddy had another view: 1 1 don't understand these people..It was just them or us . It used to be that If you wore long hah- you were aughed at. Now they laugh at rou if you wear short hair." "Job to Do" A young sergeant,- on normal lays a farmer in nearby Worcester, was baffled, too. "I sed to look up, to the college tudents," he said, "because I never got to college. They've ;ot a higher education than we l_up^ place." Canterbury said no specific order was given for the guardsmen Jo_ f ire JntoJhe. .crow_d,_bu t said a "guardsman has the option to fire if he feels his life is in danger." Demonstrations Sweep Campuses A continuing wave of anti-war demonstrations, focusing on U.S. involvement, in Cambodia, ''In several recent speeches 11 re-establish an unconditionalj b, ft c k by shall force we have called attention to the and .unlimited cease-fire, even i fight . . . we shall not move grave dangers -which ~~ao:6n^r~This will eTtebftTEgypt To i from the. cease-fffe line Suez Canal front doubled in frequency last week, with 304 Egyptian-initiated incidents and 14 Israeli fatalities, during the week ending May 2. It compared with 164 incidents and two deaths the previous week. pany the new politics of violence and confrontation and which have found so much favor on our college campuses," Agnew said, "Those dangers were not imaginary," Agnew told the American Retail Federation, "and today at a state college in Ohio the powder keg exploded, resulting in tragedy that was predictable and avoidable." . In a prepared speech Agnew also said an intellectual counterattack must be mounted against "the smug purveyors of mockery-and seorn—who have leveled a barrage of cynicism against the principles of the UniteiStates. Agnew said he was not referring to those who are openly contemptuous of American val ues, but to "those who perform a more subtle more dangerous but infinitely kind of vio- have. "But we can't look up to hese., hippies and long hairs .,. There are ways to go about solving problems besides rioting. But if they want to promote force, they will receive 'orce. We've got a democratic society anti-it's our job to keep it that way. "It's-hard-to-believe-youThavF this type pf college student. . . All I can say is we" have a job to do here, so let's do it." Of guardsmen interviewed, none showed any rettiorse over the casualties inflicted. They accepted it, as one of them said, as something "that bad to happen sometime. Maybe MM make these people wake up." A lieutenant, who manages a carry-out grocery store in civilian life, agreed. "If we hadn't fired," be said, "we would have casualties. There were incoming rounds hitting right in- front of me. I feel the correct thing was leges Monday. National .Guardsmen with bayonets fixed to unloaded rifles moved onto the University of Maryland campus Monday night to enforce a curfew after police repeatedly used riot gas to break up student disorders. About 500 guardsmen joined by police swept through the campus and the area half a mile around it shortly after an 8: 30- p.m. curfew went into effect. The curfew was to remain until 6 : 30 a.m, today ------National Guardsmen were put on alert because of trouble at Case "Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, where dissidents have occupied the R.O.T.C. building. Seventy-five militants shouting "End the war!" and "Stop war research!" seized a space research laboratory at the University of California at San Diego. They ignored an order by the university to leave and were placed on 10 days' suspension. About 30 anti-war demonstrators tried to enter the R.O.T.C. facility at Claremont Men's College outside Los Angeles and were met at the door by campus security officers and 15 students opposing the protest. Three windows were broken, but the group dispersed and no injuries were reported. About 80 Rutgers University students took over the offices of Mason W. Gross, the university president, to present demands under reorganize and put up SAM-3 missile sites," he told a stWent rally. "Would End War" "We are willing to accept this because we sincerely want a cease-fire, because it would end the war and open the corridor to some kind of an arrangement," be said. . Dayan's call for a cease-fire, which came in reply to a question, was a surprise to observers in Israel. The government has stated frequently-that-such a cease- fire would be useless because military pressure from anybody regardless who he might be." He also said he wished the United States would come out as "a real tiger, with biting teeth," in confronting the Soviets in the Middle East. Dayan's offer came one night after Israeli soldiers killed 21 Arab guerrillas in a clash along the Jordan River, the largest group killed on Israeli-held territory since the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. Increase in Incidents And a senior officer reported Egyptian attacks along the len.ce: A philosophical, intangible violence." ~ ""BuT"soTnFp6IiHciansT"He"¥alidT "are ready to endorse tumultuous confrontation as a substitute for debate . . ." He singled out the mayor of New York (John Lindsay) whom he quoted as saying recently: "There are men — now in power in this country — who do not respect dissent, who cannot cope with turmoil, and who believe that the people of America are ready to support repression as long as it is done with a quiet voice and a business suit." Agnew countered: "We haye_ seen__all too clearly that there are men — not in porter in this country — who doj not represent' author! tyr-who-eannot-^eope-with- tradition, and who believe that the people of America are ready to support revolution as long as it is done with a cultured voice and a handsome profile." Agnew said the body of his speech had been prepared-before the Kent State incident. "There are those who will relate portions of it to today's misfortune, and claim that it shows insensitivity," Agnew said. . "Yet today's events make the truth of these remarks §elf-evident and underscore the need that they be said," the vice- president'added. MAY SALE double the usual quantity Rytex ' -Charter Club Vellum Now 4.95 150 princess sheets with 100 matching envelopes or 100 monarch sheets with 100 matching envelopes. Enjoy the advantage of personalized quality-vellum paper at plain paper prices. Smooth, distinctive sheets in white or clue with your name and address in rich blue, dark grey or black ink. Choice of three printing styles. Bonus value An additional 50 matching unprinted sheets for use as second pages. Now only Jl with your order. Stationery; first floor, Downtown and most stores. Phone 244-1112, ext. 527. On mail orders, add 3% tax, 65c postage and handling. YOUNKERS L?:s Moinsr, P fa« n May 8, WO Summer Job Aid For 3,198 Y&uths The Neighborhood V 6 u fjh Corps will provide summer work opportunities for . 3,198 .boys and girls from poverty income families in Iowa, Labor Secretary George P. Shultz an* nounced Monday in Washington, D.C. thejfeports coincided with a j The 1970 program, which will statement by "Soviet Premier | recelve~$M23,()00 in federal Alexei Kosygin, speaking at a Moscow news conference, vtnat Soviet military advisers were working with Egyptian troops o n "appropriate functions" agreed upon between the Kremlin and Cairo. He made no specific reference to reports that Soviet pilots were operating from Egyptian bases. EXPLOSION KILLS 3 HONG KONG (REUTERS)Three men were killed and another injured in an explosion here Monday aboard the 4,970- ton Panamanian vessel Pacific Endeavour, which was being broken up for scrap. funds, for the first time will include, remedial education as a significant component. Enrollees who need assistance with their studies to encourage them to continue in school until high school graduation may spend up to 10 hours of each week's compensated time in educational programs. Enrollees may work a maximum of 260 hours, preferably 26 hours a .week for 10 weeks. They will receive a minimum of $1.45 an hour, an increase of 15 cents I over last summer's base. KINDNESS* 20 ' Instant Hairsetter by Glairol® You're always ready with the Kindness 20. Just plug in to heat the 20 rollers, then . .. No water .. . No lotion . .. No waiting to dry. Give yourself a brand new hairdo that stays. 15.99 Toiletries; first floor, Downtown and most stores. Phone 244-1112, ext. 226. On mail orders add 48c tax, 65c postage and handling. YOUNKERS that the New Jersey state uni- find its ties with Defense Department. REBUFFS ORDER AT POLK HOME The director of the Polk County Home Monday said he would "absolutely refuse"' to move 23 indigent men from the basement of the home within 48 hours as ordered by the county board of health. "We don't have any other place to put them on the grounds that would be any bet- ^e'didn'Fwi^^ maybe what we did 'will straighten things out. We warned them we would shoot when we told them to disperse, but they wouldn't listen." Note of Criticism Another lieutenant — an Akron policeman by profession — offered one iiote of criticism. The fault, he said, lay with civilian authorities. "We shouldn't have been here," he said. "They have this campus w^ll-crawling every spring and they've never called the Guard before. They never got shaky before, I don't know why they called us this time." the deserted city streets. They stopped fdi traffic and demand- identification from drivers The teoskn. on campus was JSSltib 3 ! when a reporter reacted for bis credentials 'to All of those strongly rejected interviewed the notion that they had "panicked." Their unit, Company A, 145th Infantry, bad been on duty in the Cleveland ghetto of Hough during the riots there in 196$ and in Akron in the riots of 1968. "Tow is the first time* we'v* ever fired » rouooV' said one of the company's officers. "We've been on duty ior six days. We si-atei out with the Teamsters (who have been on strike in Ohio) and then came down here pass through the line of guardsmen,—a grim sergeant commanded: "Take your hand out of yawr pocket." Ttpi, toft. -WM frank, lor {sleep in the jast three days. We KM)|t ^gflj a( thftt OUUnCDt ytT' ~HMS buUdUujs 'If given a week to 30 days, we could make space available elsewhere, but we can't do it in two days." Luebs said the "panic situation" established by the board of health was uncalled for. "The emergency is not an emergency," he said. "The facility is bad — we know that. Bat its no worse than it was 10 years ago." The Health Department cited poor lighting, "unfresh" air, and uncleanliness Monday in a formal request to the Polk Board of Supervisors to move the 23 men. Luebs also said an immediate i removal of the men from their quarters would result in "seriously disrupting their rehabilitation." Luebs promised extensive reforms to "humanize" the home at the time of his appointment as director about a month ago. Sunbather in Bikini Falls to Her Death -LONDONr ENGLAND <REU- TERS) — A bikini-clad blonde' Friday. 'We've sunbathing atop a multi-story - -office building in London, had only 14 hours' Ttoe OwJy a fiudeatt bad small cadre of were tired. But we didn't -panic. We ha<J to shoot and we did the right thing." On the question of the use of live ammunitioaj, guardsmen in- crashed to her death Monday, after falling through a sunlight! 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