Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on August 15, 1970 · Page 5
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August 15, 1970

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 5

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Saturday, August 15, 1970
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Phoenix weather Cloudy, warm and humid with possible thimdershowers. High 103-108, lov? 79-84. Yesterday's high 106, iow 82. Humidity: high 53, low 21. Details, Page 25. 81st Year, No. 91 THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC Telephone: 271-80fo) FCC rules on replies to Nixon MHMMMMMttMMM* M^M» War foes to get equal TV time Phoenix, Arizona, Saturday, August 15, 1970 (*•«* Sec***, 84 Pages) Today's chuckle A conference is a gathering of important people who singly can do nothing, but together can decide that nothing can be done. 10 Cents Associated Press WASHINGTON—The Federal Communications Commission ruled yesterday that the major television networks must give prime time for presentation of contrasting viewpoints to President Nixon's statements on the war in Southeast Asia. The FCC order also requires the Columbia Broadcasting System to give the Republican Party opportunity to reply to a July 7 television program by the Democrats. The commission said the responses to Nixon would be designed to present views contrasting with those he presented in five televised addresses since November. The decision was made, the commission said,- in response to complaints filed under the Fairness Doctrine by the Committee for Fair Broadcasting of Controversial Issues, 14 U.S. senators, and Business Executives Move for Vietnam Peace. The Fairness Doctrine requires a broadcast licensee who presents one side of a controversial issue of public importance to afford the public a reasonable opportunity to be informed as to all other significant viewpoints on the issue. The commission said it had acted in response to five complaints alleging violations of the Fairness Doctrine by the major networks and affiliates in their coverage of the war. In requiring the networks to provide time to reply to the Predsident's five broadcast addresses on the war, the commission noted there was "no question but that the networks have presented extensive programming dealing with the issue of the Indochina War," and that all of the networks' newscasts, documentaries and interview shows on the subjects were balanced roughly by spokesmen on each side of the issue. But the commission said the "critical consideration" is whether reasonable opportunities are afforded when there has been a balanced presentation in this respect and, in addition, five opportunities in prime time for the leading spokesman of one side to address the nation on the issue. In such circumstances, the commission stipulated, there must be "a reasonable opportunity" for the other side to reply to the five addresses. The commission added, however, that such an obligation would not arise from a single speech. The FCC said the ruling was not meant to discourage the networks from presenting presidential reports to the nation and that its ruling pertains to "continuing plans to deal with a continuing issue, in terms of the presentation by both sides. ''Obviously," the commission stated, "the licensee's future efforts must therefore be tailored reasonably to take into account future developments." In requiring CBS to provide time for a Republican reply to Democratic National Chairman Lawrence O'Brien, the FCC noted that CBS had decided to present the Democratic spokesman in a series of broadcasts offering contrasting views of those of the President, on a series entitled "The Loyal Opposition." But the commission said while CBS acted in good faith, in practice the Democratic National Committee presentation of July 7 did not fulfill the network's intention. The presidential addresses had concentrated largely on the war issue, the commission said, while the Democrats broadcast "only referred briefly to the Indochina War issue." The commission said fairness required CBS to give a Republican spokesman an opportunity to answer the matters raised in the Democratic program. DERY.SY ••"- M^ufc ^j^g.^ ^ ttM , _ *^B Agency orders total ban -U.S. set to OK on cyclamates by Sept. 1 to for Associated Press WASHINGTON - The Food and Drug Administration extended its restrictions on cyclamates yesterday in what amounted to a total ban on the artificial sweetener's presence in the food supply. A medical advisory group reporting to the agency said even use of the substance in sugar-free diet foods at previously permitted levels could allow young diabetics to consume amounts which caused bladder cancer in experimental animals. "It is to be emphasized that there is no firm evidence that there actually exists a threshold level below which no cancer would be induced," said the seven-man advisory panel. "There is much evidence that chronic exposure is important in the induction of cancer." Cyclamates also could be a factor in heart disease, the group said. The agency gave food makers until Sept. 1 to pull this substance off the marget completely. The Sept. 1 deadline coincides with the one set for removing the artificial sweetener from soft drinks. The FDA had originally set the soft drink ban for Feb. 1 while exempting diet foods as long as they were labeled drugs. The diet foods exemption had been attacked as a subterfuge by Rep. L.H. Fountain, D-N.C., chairman of the House subcommittee responsible for FDA activities. FDA officials had testified that the ex- emption was ordered by Robert H. Finch, the former health, educaton and welfare secretary who has since moved to the White House as a presidential adviser. Although soft drinks once accountd for about 80 per cent of the consumption of cyclamates, spokesmen for the National Canners Association said the FDA action would strand makers with large inventories. The agency said 46 firms had asked for permission to use cyclamates in diet foods. The association had no comment immediately on the total ban. The medical advisory board report to the FDA said an important element in reversing the exemption — which the board endorsed in November — was new experiments showing that cyclamates induce cancer at levels lower than previously suspected. Consumption of cyclamates at a safe level would replace only 21 calories worth of sugar, the advisory panel said. "It is evident that the ... .saving is not substantial and that the benefit as a sweetener has virtually disappeared," said the panel. The panel said new evidence also suggested cyclamates can cause not only cancer, but degeneration of the heart muscle through calcium deposits. The panel noted that it would require studies of humans to be absolutely certain whether the test-results in mice would apply. U2 planes in use to monitor cease-fire in Middle East Los Angeles Times Service WASHINGTON - High-altitude American reconnaissance planes •are flying over the Suez Canal to monitor the cease - fire agreement under an understanding with the Egyptians and Israelis, it was learned yesterday. The U.S. aircraft, said to be U2 spy planes, have taken photographs of the area into which Egypt allegedly moved SAM missiles within hours after the "stand-still ceasefire" went into effect. These show the missiles cited in Israeli charges. But the United States has no photographs of the region as it was imrnedi- Today's prayer 0 Lord, give peace for all time and Jet il begin will) jne. Lei your Jove and KK-I-I-; • 'JloixJ n;y ht ;,M v.ilh jx-ure and ately before the armistice that would prove unequivocally when the missiles were emplaced. The United States does have photos, apparently from satellites, taken two or more days prior to the cease - fire, but the situation on the day and, even more, in the last hours before the cease - fire deadline is the crucial item in proving or disproving the Israeli allegation, informed sources said. Some American experts said they believed the United States will never know for certain whether a violation did occur. But others held out hope that electronic intelligence will provide the answer. This intelligence presumably is intercepted radio signals between vehicles that emplaced the missiles and check - training troops New York Times Service WASHINGTON - The State Department confirmed yesterday that the United States had reached a tentative agreement on American aid to the 5000 troops being recruited or trained in Thailand for service in Cambodia. Robert J. McCloskey, the State Department's press spokesman, said, "No final, over-all agreements have yet been reached." But he acknowledged in response to questions that "tentative" agreement had been reached and also indicated that some of the troops "would go or be prepared to go" to Cambodia about the end of this month. The acknowledgement followed a report from Bangkok Thursday that Thai Premier Thanom Kittikachorn said the United States had agreed to supply aid. The confirmation brought an immediate charge by a leading Senate dove, Sen. Frank E. Church, D-Idaho, that the agreement was "another instance of the abuse that flows from unchecked executive power." Church is the sponsor, together with ben. John Sherman Cooper, R.-Ky., of legislation that would prevent further American military operations in Cambodia without the approval of Congress. It also would prohibit the hiring of foreign troops to fight in Cambodia. The legislation, in the form of an amendment to the foreign military sales bill, has been passed by the Senate and is before a conference committee. Church argued that yesterday's development emphasized the "urgency" for congressional acceptance of the amendment. He said that if the amendment were in effect,theannouncement "would represent the second violation (of it) within a week. The first was the disclosure that direct American air sup- Continued on Page 12 iv r i . . Associated Press Nixon naves from his car in New Orleans French Quarter as protesters look on Nixon firm on Dixie schools Associated Press NEW ORLEANS-President Nixon emphasized yesterday his firm-intention to bring about sweeping desegregation in the South this fall but declared he would not be punitive towards the region. "This is one country, one people and we're going to act but not in a punitive way," the chief executive told a news conference after meeting several hours with federally sponsored desegregation advisory councils from seven southern states. Nixon said he received "magnificent cooperation," from the bipartisan, biracial councils of prominent southerners. He said the administration intends to exercise strong leadership on de- segregation "because we believe in order and justice and believe in enforcing the law." The President broke no new policy ground in his desegregation comments. But they assumed extra significance by being delivered to an audience in the heart of the Deep South. Nixon stressed several times that he's only following the mandate of the Supreme Court and intends to move in cooperation with southern leaders and not treat the region as a "second class citizen." The President appealed to the news media to stress what he believes will be the many peaceful examples of desegregation in the South this fall rather than isolated instances of violence and disruption. "It would be extra helpful if we have cooperation from members of the press and the member media," he said. "I know of no time when it is more important to hear of the successes where men of good will have worked their way." Nixon said resistance to desegregation will hurt most "the next generation of southerners. They will pay the price, the price for the failure of leadership," he said. At several different times during his remarks to newsmen, Nixon expressed sympathy and understanding of the problems facing the South in converting from dual to unitary school systems. The President and his party re- Continued on Page 18 Another hearing ordered inside? into disposal of nerve gas Associated Press WASHINGTON - The U.S. Court of Appeals late yesterday ordered another hearing Monday to determine whether the Army should be halted in its efforts to dump 2,657 tons of lethal nerve gas into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Florida. The order came on a petition by conservation forces seeking to override a lower court's refusal earlier in the day to prohibit disposal of the 418 concrete coffins containing the gas. However, the effect of the appellate court's order was inconclusive in that it did not bind the Army and the Defense Department. Although the lower court ruling, issued by U.S. District Court Judge June L. Green, rejected a petition for a temporary restraining order, the judge voiced an "urgent request" that the Army consider another site for the disposal in some area where the water is more shallow than the selected 16,000 - foot depth, 282 miles east of Florida. There was no immediate indication of what the Army or the Defense Department would do with the unwanted liqui- fied nerve gas. The Army last night completed loading the gas aboard an old Liberty ship hulk at Sunny Point, N.C. The last of the coffins was hoisted on board at 5:30 p.m. Arizona time. out signal* .from the and Iheir A Pentagon spokesman said the Defense Department had no comment on the court's decision to hear testimony Monday. If the Army sticks to its original schedule, the ship should depart Sunday Point this weekend, probably today, and be in position to scuttle the vessel by Tuesday. However, the journey could be delayed by bad weather. A tropical depression described by the Weather Bureau as dangerous was moving in the general direction of the dump area northeast of the Bahamas. Navy Capt, A. G. Hamilton, commander of the sea phase of the operation, said the weather is being watched closely. "We will not leave port until we have a 96-hour prediction of good weather," he said. The court fight to prevent dumping of the gas off Florida was brought by Gov. Claude Kirk of Florida and a New York- based conservationist group, the Environmental Defense Fund. Judge Green said she had serious misgivings about the site selected by the Army. She noted testimony at a daylong hearing Thursday that this would be the first time the Army had sunk Continued on Page 19 MIDEAST WAR - Israeli jets hit Jordanian army positions and guerrilla targets in what Jordan claims was second Israeli cease-fire violation in 24 hours. Page 2. AMERICAN HELD - Czechs announce they have arrested a Rochester, N.Y. man in Prague on charges of "suspicion of espionage." Page 3. BOMB CACHES - Two hauls of homemade bombs in London and suburban Croydon are believed to have been destined for troubled Northern Ireland Page, 4. MANSON ARMED—Witness says Charles Manson took either a sword or gun into LaBianca home the night the wealthy California couple was slain. Page 10 NEW LINK - Third weapon used in Calif., court is linked to Angela Davis, ousted UCLA instructor and black militant leader. Page 11. ELECTORAL REFORM — Chief Senate sponsor of amendment for popular election of president says it faces uphill fight. Page 21. Page Page Astrology 46 Movies 41 Campbell 81 Obituaries 47 Churches 34-36 Opinion 7 Classified 48-67 Radio Log 38 Comics 46 Sports 69-80 Crossword 47 TV Log 37 DearAbby 45 Weather 25 Editorials 6 Women 44-45 Financial 81-83 Youth 43 Yours: your parks, your police, your libraries, your vote The "little man" is on center stage Tuesday in the city's $177.4 million bond election. Thousands of "little guys" will decide the future of the water and sewer system, parks, libraries, police facilities, airports, fire stations, service centers and landfills. You can make your feelings known —if you care even a little. I in- j/oiJi y.jjj ha (}[>i<t\ ii ain, in Both sides hail progress at arms talk windup Los Angeles Times Service VIENNA — The second phase of the strategic arms limitation talks (SALT) between the United States and the Soviet Union ended in the Austrian capital yesterday with "important progress" recorded toward a superpower agreement to curtail the nuclear arms race. The two delegations will resume work in the Finnish capital, Helsinki, on Nov. 2 and in this third phase of the talks they expect to get down to cases on the specific outlines and wording of an agreement. U.S. delegation sources cau- probably will take until the spring of 1971 or even as long as a year from now before a treaty is ready for signature. Nevertheless, four months of discussion in Vienna, following the five weeks of the first phase of the talks in Helsinki last November and December, clearly have moved things forward. In final windup ceremonies in the baroque setting of the Belvedere Palace in the heart of Vienna, the chiefs of both delegations delivered cautious but positive assessments of how things stand. "I believe that both sides can agree that i in p o r t a ii t progress has been. Control and Disarmament Agency and leader of the U.S. delegation. "The work we have done in Vienna should provide , a sound basis for the next phase." - The head of the Soviet delegation, Deputy Foreign Minister Vladimir Seme- nov, said: "I can say that the talks were held in a businesslike, calm and fank atmosphere. Substantial and useful work was done during the four months in Vienna. Naturally, it would be erroneous to underestimate live complexity of the problem under discussion and the difficulties wbjdi pmiii htrr. The &n<ict Union JM-

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