Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas on February 24, 1942 · Page 1
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February 24, 1942

Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 24, 1942
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•*V-^'*lf '' --.Tr- - ., _ . ,'. ' '.'; • ' •'.' •'' ..'-• » j: ' ..' Fleet Is Destroyed) Damaged Or AMERICANS "Starts the Day On the South Plains" Twentieth Year, No. 82 OCR MORNING AVALANC 4 Pages Today Lubbock, Texas/Tuesday, February 24, 1942 (AP) Means "Associated Press" Sub Shells California Coast Area As FDR Promises Allied Offensive . All Of Burma Is • Threatened By Jap Smashes Hopes For Holding Rangoon Fade, ' British Admit Enemy Holds Part Of Bali, Controls Denpasar Airport By W1L.L.1AM J. Associated Press Staff Writer T ONDON, Feb. 23.—All Burma •f-'w'as threatened gravely tonight as .Japanese assault units, probably reinforced by troops from Singapore, were reported still smashing against the swaying British lines between the Bilin and Sittang rivers. British authorities admitted that hopes for holding Rangoon were dwindling and that-its fall probably would.open the way to Japanese invasion of the whole colony, the barrier to India and gateway to China. The scant news of . the Burma fighting came from Calcutta and Chungking, suggesting that . the cable to Rangoon, at the mouth of the muddy Irrawaddy river, had been cut. • Fighting Desperately ' Meager official accounts available here said the greatly outnumbered British were fighting desperately in a triangle at the top of the Gulf of Martaban but slowly were being forced back upon the. Sittang, only 20 miles from .the -important Rangoon-. Ma.ndaJlaY^Lagbio^Railway which until last-'week'te'd supplies to the Burma road. • . ..That vital supply line to embattled China already -was virtually sealed, because the entry port of Rangoon was .-mined nearly a week ago and it appeared probable that Japanese,bombers had cut the railway. Storied Mandalay, near its northern terminus, had been bombed severely; and there were reports of explosives falling on Tpungpo and Pegu, cities on the steel line. Considerable war supplies, however, were believed piled at Lashib for highway transport to Kunming over the tenuous mountain road. Hely On Indies British reinforcements for their hard pressed Burma army seemed unlikely because the 'port was mined and because there were no satisfactory overland communications between the battlefront and India. Then, too, it was questionable how many Indian troops were available of the million under arms. A considerable proportion of these have been sent outside First Phase Of . ° Indies Campaign Is Summed Up By WITT HANCOCK Associated Press Staff Writer B ANDOENG, Dutch East Indies, Feb. 23.—The Japanese enemy has overrun part of: Bali and con- j trols the airport at Denpasar, on the southeast of the island near its only good harbor, but his entire invading fleet has been destroyed, damaged or dispersed and , his landing troops are isolated, i the-Dutch announced tonight. , Thus was summed up the first ! phase of the invader's thrust at SCORE IS TALLIED WASHINGTON, Feb. 23. (/P) — Tho score of Anieriean warplanes fight- • inr in the Netherlands Indies wa« placed by the Wir department toSay at nine or more Japanese ships sank, 24 damaged, and 48 enrmy places destroyed slnre Jan. J. To thfs toH, tfx medtum Jap bombers were believed added today a* & result of a raid on a Japanese-htJiI airdrome at Denpasar on the island of Kali. A formation ot flylnjc fortress bombers executed this raid, scaring several direct hits and returning to their norae bases unscathed. Meanwhile, fifhiinr In ihe Philippines came to * rlrtaal halt, raWnj hope* in the capital that GenL" Dourlas MaeArihur's'little army had succeeded in checkmating completely for the time being .Japanese assaults on the ->• Rataan < peninsula "-and the'Mahila-' bay- forts. the near approaches to the Java keystone in the Allied arch—a thrust in which Japanese sea- power suffered, under coordinated American-Dutch bomber and warship fire, its gravest wounds since the battle of Macassar strait off Borneo. Limited Objective . Again, the enemy, had reached a limited objective, but this time at a cost proportionately greater even than the price he paid at Macassar. The single enemy ship "which succeeded in escaping the destruction has fled," the communique added. ". . . The magnificent successes of Allied sea and air forces justify the belief that the conquest oE Bali means -to the Japanese as! large a pyrrhic victory as the con- { quest of the burning homes of' Tarkan, Balikpapan and Palem- barig." Enemy Landings While news was scarce of the delaying actions still being fought, aground on Bali and on the island : •o ACTION IN BALI—These are the U. S. Army's new dive 'bombers, reported by the War department Saturday having seen their first action under fire in the battle of Bali, where they took part in a running fight with a Japanese invasion "fleet. The planes are A-24's; two place, single engine, all metal Douglas planes. Reds Drive Nearer Smolensk Russians Close To Nazi Winter Headquarters (Turn to Page 6, Column 5, Please)! (Turn to Page 6, Column 1, Please) Deferments For Farmers Urged (By The Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.—Brig. Gen. Lewis B. Kershey. selective service director, told the House agriculture committee today the attitude of farmers in not seeking draft deferment was one of the major causes of a threatened farm labor shortage. At the same time, he asserted that "thousands" of persons working in shipyards and airplane factories under the impression they would be deferred because of an essential occupation "are in for a rude awakening." Many of these workers, Hershey explained, can be replaced more easily than'can farm labor. Hesitate To Appeal The committee, beginning a study of the farm labor problem, was told by the selective service head thai one of the tasks confronting him was to get across to local draft boards the necessity of not too heavily exhausting the farm labor rolls in their counties. Too often, he said, farmers themselves hesitate to appeal a local board's classification fae- csuse of fear such action might be considered unpatriotic. ''One of the hardest men you "iflve to convince that he is a specialist is ihe farmer."' he tolri the committee. •'Farmsrs are pa- 11 urn to Fage 6, Column 1, Please) Tune In 1340 Kilocycles FYO Avalanche-Journal Station Second Wildcat Is Spudded In • With Stanolind Oil and Gas company No. 1 Stinnett spudding and J. R. Sharp and associates No. 1 T. A. Holman drilling below 3,670 feet in lime, Lubbock coutity now has two active wildcat operations and several more on the slate. George P. Livermore. Inc., Lubbock No. 1 J. E. Mabee, Terry county wildcat four miles south of Slaughter field production is spud- ding. Texaco has completed three more large producers on its Bob Slaughter lease in the Hockley county part of the Slaughter field. The largest. No. 107 Slaughter, made 2,177.64 barrels per dny after acidizing with 12.500 gallons at a total aepth of 5.035 feet. No. 112 Slaughter was treated with 33,000 gallons at 5.043 feet and flowed a rated 1.716.12 barrels daily. N&. 93 Slaughter nroved good for 1,363.44 a day after 12.000 gallons at 5,023 feet. Well Acidized No. 1 Thorriberry is 4.555 feet south and slightly cast of the same corporation's No. 1 Lockhart and Brown discovery producer of the pool. Its oil tested 31.2 gravity and ; sas oil ratio was 330-1. The well j Sopped lime pay at 4.340 feet and I is bottomed at 4.540 feet. It was I scicii-.cd with 0.000 gallons then I shoT. with 565 quarts of nitro. j A scheduled 8,500 foot Ordovician test ?n southwestern Andrews Phillips Petroleum comparsy No. 1-A University Andrews is drilling lime below 4,330 feet. Spudder is being rigged up to drill cement plug and to test the anticipated pay section in Texas Pacific and Seaboard No. 1-D (Turn to Psge 6, Column 6, Please) Deatherage Is Barred From Work For Navy (By The Associated PrrJsV WASHINGTON. T?ph e 53,.__. Th" Navy "today branded /George E Deatherage, former national commander 6f_the Knights of the White Camellia, as "an undesirable person" tor work on Navy contracts, and ousted him from the Hampton Roads naval establishment where he was employed as a construction engineer. Deatherage acknowledge contacts with the Geuman embassy and with Nazi propaganda sources when the Dies committee investigated his activities in 1939. He has recently been employed by ihn contracting firm of" Doyle and Russell on a $7,000,000 project at the Norfolk, Va.. naval base. Provision Invoked "After an investigation of the activities" of Deatherage, the Navy announced, "the secretary of the Navy has invoked the provisions of article 27 (C) of the contract, which requires that the contractors shall discharge from employment and exclude from the site of the work any person designated by the secretary of the Navy as undesirable to have access to the work and/or materials of^the Navy department. "Based on competent investigation, the secretary of the Navy has found that Mr. Deatherage is an undesirable person within the meaning of the contract, and as such, will be excluded from the site of Navy work." - Literature Exchanged Dentherage told the Dies committee, at a stormy hearing, that the Knights of the White Camellia which he headed, was designed to combat Communism and ~'Tne Jew problem." He testified that he maintained contacts with other organizations in this country of a similar nature and told of efforts 'Turn to Page 6. Column 5. Please) PrograrnNefsSB/JSO In Bonds, Stamps With 513,130 in defense bonds and stamps bought, Lubbock's third 'Keep 'Em Buying" program surpassed its goal by more shan $3.000. J. A. Hodges, one of the owners of Hodges Brothers dry goods store, bought a S 10.000 bond during the program after he had been authorized to do so by Charles N. Hodges, his brother and a partner in the business who is now in the Philippines. The hour-long program was broadcast over KFYO from Senior High school auditorium. Speakers were Robert H. Bean. attorney; BsrI Huffman, assistant football coach and head basketball coach at Texas Technological college; and T. C. Root, professor of economics and business administration at the college. Lubbock High school Westerners band and choral club appeared on the program. T'je band is directed by C. S. Eskridge and the choral.club by Mri. Waldo Trotter. Betty Fitzpatrick, Tech student, sang two numbers, accompanying herself on a piano. A comedy hiil-bHly band and a girl's trio also appeared. Author, Wife Found Dead Of Poisoning iB"T^'* A eT oc'**iprt P^cs** PETROPOLIS, Brazil, Feb. 23. —Stefan Zweig, Jewish author who fled his native Austria before the marching Nazis, died here today, locked in the arms' of his wife who joined him in suicide. Both had taken poison draughts, and police found a farewell note from the 60-year-old exile who had written his own epitaph: "My energy is used up by long years of peregrination as a man without a country^" Among Manuscripts The bodies of the author and h i s 33-year-old Austrian-born second wife were found amid the scattered manuscripts upon which Zweig had been working, including a finished work on the life of Balzac. President Gctulio Vargas ordered funeral services for the couple to be held Wednesday at government expense. Burial will be in the municipal cemetery here. I Zweig thanked Brazilians in I farewell for their kindness in rc- ! ceiving him. and said: After I saw the country of my j own tongue sinking, and my I spiritual country—Europe—destroying it-self, and having reached I sixty ycary, I knew immense force would be necessary to reconstruct my life, and my energy is used up by long years of peregrination as a man without a country. Empty Glasses Found "So I judged it better to end at once a life which I dedicated exclusively to spiritual work, considering human liberty arid mx' own as tlie greatest "wealth on earth. "I bid an affectionate farewell (Turn to Pago 6, Column ], Please) By EDDY GILMORE Associated Press Slaff Writer. MOSCOW, Tuesday, Feb. 24. — Soviet forces have driven to wivh- in 50 miles of the German winter headquarters at Smolensk in a full scale central front attack which started yesterday morning, the Russians announced today. The Soviet information bureau said the spearhead of this drive had reached Dorogobuzh, northeast of Smolensk on the Dneiper river. This town lies, about 15 miles south of the main Smolensk- oscow railroad and is the terminus of a connecting branch line. Dorogobuzh also is beyond Vyazma, one of the key Nazi winter defense pivots. •• Stubborn Batlles 1 The midnight communique which told" ot stubborn battles in i this area said that in addition to ; Dorogobuzh, a number ot other populated centers were liberated. i The springing of the central attack followed reports that large - reserves have been moving up along the entire front for days for an accelerated general offensive. In the southwest, the Russians announced iast night that more than 14,000 Germans had been killed in a recent eruption of savage fighting at the approaches of a large populated center-possibly the great Ukraine industrial center of Kharkov. The announcement, read over the Moscow radio as the Red army j celebrated its 24th anniversary. I said numerous towns and vmsiy (.Turn to Page 6, Column 3, Please) Roosevelt Says Democracies To Take Initiative Loss Of Ground Is Admitted By Chief Executive By RICHARD L. TURNER Associated Press Slaff Writer! TIfASHINGTON, Feb. 23—Presi- *' dent Roosevelt said tonight that America had been "compelled to, yield ground" to its enemies, but he added that with constantly increasing .production, the Allies would take the offensive soon and drive 011 to victory. < "We ai.a ihe other United Nations are committed to the destruction of the militarism of Jnpan and Germany," he said. "We are daily increasing our strength. Soon, we and not our enemies, will have the offensive; wo, not they, .will,win the final battles; and we, net they, will make the final peace." Despite cruelly long distances nvolved, the president disclosed, "a large number of planes" manned by American pilots, "are now in daily contact with the enemy in the Southwest Pacific." And, he said, "thousands of American troops" are also in the area. High Goals To Be Attained The chief executive also said recent surveys had disclosed' that .the..prodigiously. high, .production goals established two months ago would. be attained, and this, ho repeatedly- emphasized, was the key to victory. •Mr. Roosevelt spoke by radio from the White House in the third major address he has made since the country entered the war. Among his millions of listeners were Washington birthday diners at about 60 Democratic party gatherings throughout the country. These are the gatherings which are usually held on Jackson day early in January but were postponed this year. Contributors to the party's campaign fund are invited to them and Democratic leaders predicted the dinners would more than wipe out Ihe $600,000 deficit remaining from the 1040 campaign. The principal dinner— for S100 contributors—was held here. Delaying Battles Discussing strategy only in broad terms, he attributed Japanese successes to command of the air. In that, he sard, the Japs had an initial advantage because their small fighter planes could be flown to the scene of combat (Turn to Page B, Column 4, Please) ! Aluminum Stocks Are i Asked By Government WASHINGTON, Feb. 23. ifP>~ The government today undertook to purchase every pound of. idle aluminum in the hands of American industry. The War Production board addressed "requests"-to 500 manufacturers having aluminum stocky, inviting them to sell to the government their excess supplies at less than cost prices on a voluntary basis, but sdded the threat of i requisitioning to speed compli- ! ance. | Three Jurors Chosen For \ Trial In Dancer's Death i By Hi'! ^^-rr-|n:cc Prf.-?' y\ALLAS, Feb. 23—Three -L' murder trial jurors were chosen today in an atmosphere far removed from the night club and theatrical life known to the cici'onrlanl. Mrs. Juanita Barr, her former newspaper columnist husband, and Mrs. Blanche Wocdall. night club d;,ncer slair, last April 12. D e f e nse Attorney Maury Hughes said Mrs. Barr, 33, would plead innocence because of temporary insanity •it the t:.me the 27-year-old riancer was shot twice at her apartment ' while her two children slept in an adjoining room. He fold veniremen being questioned for possible jury duty thai this condition wa? brought on by a scries of events motivated by her husband's association with another xvoman. The state's questioning of ve^irernen indicated th-a death penalty would be a^ked. Several newspapermen and night club habitues v.cre summoned as witnesses but there was no indication that the husband. Eddie Barr, last (Turn to Page 6, Column 2, Pleasf;) Treasure Hunt Yields Millions (By The Associated Prm) AUCKLAND, New Zealand. Feb. 23.—A daring, year-long hunt for sunken treasure, rivaling anything ever told in story books, has been completed with recovery of S10,- 000,000 worth of gold bullion from the hulk of the sunken British liner Niagara in mine and shark infested waters off Auckland. With the bars of precious meta. stowed away safely in a bank vault, the full story of the recov cry became known today. The treasure hunt was organized shortly after the Niagara, bourn from New Zealand to Canada struck a mine and went down 6( miles off Auckland June 19, 1940 But it was not until Feb. 2, 1941 that the wreck was located. Get Percentage A Melbourne salvage company took over the operations under contract to Ihe Commonwealth bank. Veteran divers were enlisted and guaranteed a percentage of all the gold they retrieved. Besides risking their lives, they staked their assets 01? the success of their task. Some mortgaged their home?. But today they're in the money. In diving to the ocean floor they counted 150 mine?. Chic£ Diver John .Torm?lor:c of Melbourne established a world record with a .123-foot descent in an observation bell. Had To lilast Her They found the Niagara lying on her side and it was necessary to blast a hole through her plates and xut away the decks to reach her strong room. A :c>ecial explosive marie of eclignite with a core of pun cotton (Turn to Page 6, Column 3, Plaasa) Attack Aimed At Refinery; No Casualties Dozen To Two Dozen ShellsX Fired; Damage Negligible ; (By The Associated Prrsa) CjANTA BARBARA, Calif,, Feb. 23 - A submarine U appeared tonight near Golela, some seven miles north of:Ure and fired between a dozen and two dozen shells at an oil refinery near the shore. ^ An authoritative source said there were no casualties and no damage, and that no fires were caused bv the 5 shelling. . Police were informed the submarine appeared at about 7 o'clock and that the shelling continued for several minutes. Asked by police about damage, the manager of the refinery, who reported the incident, replied: He Was Too Busy Dodging "I don't know. I'm too busy dodging shells." • Location of the refinery was given as between Goleta and Elwood. . At Los Angeles President L. L. Aubert of the Bankline Oil Go., which owns the refinery in the field, said there Boat Loaded With Sugar Is Torpedoed Oif Cuban Coast (By The AKSocialtd Preas) TTAVANA, Feb. 23.—Tho Cuban naval chief announced to- J-J- night that the freighter Cofresi of- 5,000 to 6,000 tons xvas torpedoed off the south coast o£ Cuba while en route to the United States with 50,000 bags of Cuban sugar. Commodore Julio Diez Arguelles, who made the announcement after conferring in the presidential palace with President Ful- gehcio Batista, said the nationality of the vessel was unknown to him. It is not listed in Lloyds' register ot shipping. The ship was torpedoed 00 miles o££ Cienfuegos, the commodore said. H<; did not tmnounce the port of. embarkation or to what port the Cofresi was bound in the United States and there was no mention of the circumstances of the torpedoing or the fate of the crew. The bare announcement did not even say %vhether the ship was still afloat. was practically no damage and only one piece of equipment was hit. He declined to say what the equipment was. Eye-witnesses said most of the shells exploded in a field and one went over highway 101, bursting in the foothills. The Bransdall and Rio Grande Oil companies own in the area. During President's Speech .The witnesses pointed out that the shelling started about the time the president began to give his fireside chat. Radio stations were ordered off the air a't 8 p. m. from Santa Barbara to the Mexican border and a few minutes later the coastline was completely blacked out from Carpinteria to Goleta. The blackout area covered a distance oC about 25 miles. Lowronce Wheeler, proprietor of Wheeler's inn 11 miles north of coast, high way 101, said he heard the first explosion while listening to the president's talk. Nearer Wilh Each Shot "The fii-st explosion sounded distant," he said- "They grew nearer and nearer. Beginning with the third, they shook our building. I rushed out of the house and saw a shell explode against the cliff about three-fourths oC a mile from our place. A geyser o£ dirt was shot into the air at what seemed like a great height. "Another shell whined over my head and landed in the canyon on the Staniff place, which is across the road from us." Mrs. Wheeler didn't hesitate in saying that when the shelling started she wns "scared to death." "I saw several shells explode on the beach." she said. "Great fountains of dirt were shot into Ihe air, just Jikc pictures in news reels. The shelling was so heavy it shook o'-ir house, just like an earthquake." ' j' '• . G. O. Brown, an oil v.'orker in the Elwood field, who lives on the Staniff place, was one ot the first to rcoort seeing the submarine. ; :? ' " "It was about a mile offshore," he said. "I could see it very clearly. I have seen m£ny submarines and this was larger than any of those, in the U. S. Navy that I have seen. It was lying idly on the surface. "Then it began shelling, shot after shot, with great regularity.. I counted 12 shells that burst, most of them on the Staniff place and. the Barnsdall Oil Co. The first shot was fired at 7:15 and the filing continued for 2G minutes. 1 spotted the last shell at 7:35 p.m. "The submarine still lay on the surface," Brown continued. ' "It started to get twilight. I watched it as long as I could 'distinguish its form and then H grew dark. It didn't submerge and there were no airplanes heard. "There'were a couple ot horses in the pastuie near where I (Turn to Page 6, Column 7, Please) All They Found Of Skunks Was'Trace" SAN ANGELO, Feb. 23. «V-A concrete foundation, officials thought, would take care of such things. But a pair ot skunks dug untter the foundation, went beneath the Stephen F. Austin school building &nu tiicrc began raising a family of five. One of the parents was killed ths morning. City Patrolmen S?.m Haynes and Bill While and a jsnitor went hunting, for fhe others, found only a trace 01" them—but quite a trace, at that, under the building. Tonight Janitor J. T. Hunt kept watch with a shotgun. Wea NKW MEXICO: Tucscfay temperatures about the same as those of Monday except considerably colder in the Rio Grande ana Pccos valleys during the morning and in the lo'A-er portion of those vallej-s in the afternoon. LOCAL WEATHEK Tnitfl StJtrs WMlhfr Barn a Trxj* TcchnolcifcrJ Collt^r Station le.T.tcrnturr it 1 ». n_ 31 isjrtfj. Maximum ;crr.p;rs:are jtitcrdiy, 57.S Minimum Jecptritun , 30.}

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