Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on August 15, 1970 · Page 3
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August 15, 1970

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 3

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Saturday, August 15, 1970
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Phoenix weather Cloudy, warm and humid with possible thundershowers. High 103-108, low 79-84. Yesterday's high 106, low 82. Humidity: high 53, low 21. Details, Page 25. 81st Year, No. 91 THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC Telephone: 271-8QM Phoenix, Arizona, Saturday, August 15, 1970 <F«r sedtew, 84 Pages) MAIL Today's chuckle A conference is a gathering of important people who singly can do nothing, but together can decide that nothing can be done. e 10 Cents FCC rules on replies to Nixon War foes to get equal TV time Associated Press WASHINGTON-The Federal Communications Commission ruled yesterday that the major television networks must give prime time for presentation of contrasting viewpoints to President Nixon's statements on the war in Southeast Asia. The FCC order also requires the Columbia Broadcasting System to give the Republican Party opportunity to reply to a July 7 television program by the Democrats. The commission said the responses to Nixon would be designed to present views constrasting with those he presented in five televised addresses since November. The decision was made, the commission said, in response to complaints filed under the Fairness Doctrine by the Committee for Fair Broadcasting of Controversial Issues, 14 U.S. senators, and Business Executives Move for Vietnam Peace. The Fairness Doctrine requires a broadcast licensee who presents one side of a contj^gcskd- issue,,.of public importance to afford the public a reasonable opportunity to be informed as to all other significant viewpoints on the issue. The commission said it had acted in response to five complaints alleging violations of the Fairness Doctrine by the major networks and affiliates in their coverage of the war. In requiring the networks to provide time to reply to the President's five broadcast addresses on the war, the commission noted there was "no question but that the networks have presented extensive programming dealing with the issue of the Indochina War," and that all of the networks' newscasts, documentaries and interview shows on the subjects were balanced roughly by spokesmen on each side of the issue. But the commission said the "critical consideration" is whether reasonable opportunities are afforded when there has been a balanced presentation in this respect and, in addition, five opportunities in prime time for the leading spokesman of one side to address the nation on the issue. In such circumstances, the commission stipulated, there must be "a reasonable opportunity" for the other side to reply to the five addresses. The commission added, however, that such an obligation would not arise from a single speech. The FCC said the ruling was not meant to discourage the networks from presenting presidential reports to the nation and that its ruling pertains to "continuing plans to deal with a continuing issue, in terms of the presentation by both sides." "Obviously," the commission stated, "the licensee's future efforts must therefore be tailored reasonably to take into account future developments." In requiring CBS to provide time for a Republican reply to Democratic National Chairman Lawrence O'Brien, the FCC noted that CBS had decided to present the Democratic spokesman in a series of broadcasts offering contrasting views of those of the President, on a series entitled "The Loyal Opposition." But the commission said while CBS acted in good faith, in practice the Democratic National Committee presentation of July 7 did not fulfill the network's intention. The presidential addresses had concentrated largely on the war issue, the commission said, while the Democrats broadcast "only referred briefly to the Indochina War issue." The commission said fairness required CBS to give a Republican spokesman an opportunity to answer the matters raised in the Democratic program. Agency orders total ban on cyclamates by Sept. 1 Associated Press WASHINGTON - The Food and Drug Administration extended its restrictions on cyclamates yesterday in what amounted to a total ban on the artificial sweetener's presence in the food supply. A medical advisory group reporting to the agency said even use of the substance in sugar-free diet foods at previously permitted levels could allow young diabetics to consume amounts which caused bladder cancer in experimental animals. "It is to be emphasized that there is no firm evidence that there actually exists a threshold level below which no cancer would be induced," said the seven-man advisory panel. "There is much evidence that chronic exposure is important in the induction of cancer." Cyclamates also could be a factor in heart disease, the group said. The agency gave food makers until Sept. 1 to pull this substance off the marget £ompletely. The Sept. 1 deadline coincides with the one set for removing the artificial sweetener from soft drinks. The FDA had originally set the soft drink ban for Feb. 1 while exempting diet foods as long as they were labeled •drugs. • The diet foods exemption had been attacked as a subterfuge by Rep. L.H. Fountain, D-N.C., chairman of the House subcommittee responsible for FDA activities. FDA officials had testified that the ex- emption was ordered by Robert H. Finch, the former health, educaton and welfare secretary who has since moved to the White House as a presidential adviser. Although soft drinks once accounted for about 80 per cent of the consumption of cyclamates, spokesmen for the National Cannetrs Association said the FDA action would strand makers with large inventories. The agency said 46 firms had asked for permission to use cyclamates in diet foods. The association had no comment immediately on the total ban. The medical advisory board report to the FDA said an important element in reversing the exemption — which the board endorsed in November — was new experiments showing that cyclamates induce cancer at levels lower than previously suspected. Consumption of cyclamates at a safe level would replace only 21 calories worth of sugar, the advisory panel said. "It is evident that the ... .saving is not substantial and that the benefit as a sweetener has virtually disappeared," said the panel. The panel said new evidence also suggested cyclamates can cause not only cancer but degeneration of the .heart muscle through calcium deposits. The panel noted that it would require studies of humans to be absolutely certain whether the test results in mice would apply. U2 planes in use to monitor cease-fire in Middle East Los Angeles Times Service WASHINGTON - High-altitude American reconnaissance planes are flying over the Suez Canal to monitor the cease - fire agreement under an understanding with the Egyptians and Israelis, it was learned yesterday. The U.S. aircraft, said to be U2 spy planes, have taken photographs of the area into which Egypt allegedly moved SAM missiles within hours after the "stand-still cease-fire" went into effect. These show the missiles cited in Israeli charges. But the United States has no photographs of the region as it was immedi- Today 9 s prayer 0 Lord, give peace for all time and ••' a hi-.^jii v.iUi J/K-. l.t.-i yo'ji lovi-- ami ' »:•..-..-' •••.. ' ••••; ! ,.,:-. :,.. '..•• t- ,v <! ately before the armistice that would prove unequivocally when the missiles were emplaced. The United States does have photos, apparently from satellites, taken two or more days prior to the cease - fire, but the situation on the day and, even more, in the last hours before the cease • fire deadline is the crucial item in proving or disproving the Israeli allegation, informed sources said. Some American experts said they believed the United States will never know for certain whether a violation did occur. But others held out hope that electronic intelligence will provide the answer. This intelligence presumably is intercepted radio signals between vehicles that einplaced the missiles and check '/id -vj;. ; .'jaJh iiuin the /jju-iiki' jijid thi.-j/ U.S. set to OK aid to Thais for training troops New York Times Service WASHINGTON - The State Department confirmed yesterday that the United States had reached a tentative agreement on American aid to the 5,000 troops being recruited or trained in Thailand for service in Cambodia. Robert J. McCloskey, the State Department's press spokesman, said, "No final, overall agreements have yet been reached." But he acknowledged in response to questions that "tentative" agreement had been reached and also indicated that some of the troops "would go or be prepared to go" to Cambodia about the end of this month. The acknowledgement followed a report from Bangkok Thursday that Thai Premier Thanom Kittikachorn said the United States had agreed to supply aid. The confirmation brought an immediate charge by a leading Senate dove, Sen. Frank E. Church, D-Idaho; that the agreement was "another instance of the abuse that flows from unchecked executive power." Church is the sponsor, together with Sen. John Sherman Cooper, R.-Ky., of legislation that would prevent further American military operations in Cambodia without the approval of Congress. It also would prohibit the hiring of foreign troops to fight in Cambodia. The legislation, in the form of an amendment to the foreign military sales bill, has been passed by the Senate and is before a conference committee. Church argued that yesterday's development emphasized the "urgency" for congressional acceptance of the amendment. He said that if the amendment were in effect, the announcement "would represent the second violation (of it) within a week. The first was the disclosure that direct American air sup- Continued on Page 12 Yours; your parks, your police, your libraries, your vote The "little man" is pn center stage Tuesday in the city's $177.4 million bond election. Thousands of "little guys" will decide the future of the water and sewer system, parks, libraries, police facilities, airports, fire stations, service centers and landfills. You can make your feelings known —it you care even a little. DlBLSf ** - — ^M^Buuk — _ ^WP __. Associated Press Nixon waves from his car in New Orleans French Quarter as protesters look on Nixon firm on Dixie schools Associated Press NEW ORLEANS - President Nixon emphasized yesterday his firm intention to bring about sweeping desegregation in the South this fall but declared he would not be punitive towards the region. "This is one country, one people and we're going to act but not in a punitive way," the chief executive told a news conference after meeting several hours with federally sponsored desegregation advisory councils from seven southern states. Nixon said he received "magnificent cooperation," from the bipartisan, biracial councils of prominent southerners. He said the administration intends to exercise strong leadership on de- segregation "because we believe in order and justice and believe in enforcing the law." The President broke no new policy ground in his desegregation comments. But they assumed extra significance by being delivered to an audience in the heart of the Deep South. Nixon stressed several times that he's only following the mandate of the Supreme Court and intends to move in cooperation with southern leaders and not treat the region as a "second class citizen." The President appealed to the news media to stress what he believes will be the many peaceful examples of desegregation in the South this fail rather than isolated instances of violence and disruption. "It would be extra helpful if we have cooperation from members of the press and the member media," he said. "I know of no time when it is more important to hear of the successes where men of good will have worked their way." Nixon said resistance to desegregation will hurt most "the next generation of southerners. They will pay the price, the price for the failure of leadership," he said. At several different times during his remarks to newsmen, Nixon expressed sympathy and understanding of the problems facing the South in converting from dual to unitary school systems. The President and his party re- Continued on Page 18 Over half county attorney inside deputies lack experience By JOHN SWEENY Eighteen of the county attorney's 28 deputies handling criminal prosecutions have one year or less'experience as prosecutors, an Arizona Republic study revealed. County Attorney Law vs. Crime Moise Berger said yesterday the low experience level of his deputies is having a grave effect on prosecution in the county. Berger explained that he has had lesj turnover than his predecessors, but that his office has lost 20 to 25 deputy attorneys since he took over Jan. 1,1969. The key reasons for the exodus of deputy attorneys has been low pay and the lack of interest by the attorneys in becoming career prosecutors, Berger stat- The county attorney said the normal turnover in years before he took office was about 40 deputies in two years. He said he-has been able to cut back the turnover by increasing salaries. The top pay for a deputy county attorney jumped from approximately $14,000 to $17,971 last July 1 after Berger received a federal grant of $20,000 for pay increases. Berger's chief deputy, Charles F. Hyder, earns $17,971, but he cannot make more because state law prohibits him receiving more than Berger's salary of $18,000. Hyder said yesterday he will leave the prosecutor's office eventually, "even though I love it here," if he can not get a pay increase. Berger said the legislature should lift the ceiling on the pay deputies can receive. "I will pay my men more than I make," he said, "but I've got to be able to pay attorneys enough so they will stay on as career prosecutors." Berger estimated about half of his current staff of criminal deputy attorneys have expressed an intent to remain as career prosecutors, but some of them may leave after a short while for private practice and more money. The others on the criminal staff don't take as much interest in prosecution and are in the office for the experience, Berger said. "This type of person wants to win a case," Berger said, "but after the case is over, this type doesn't care about the sentencing. They shy away from presenting to the judge things that would get (the defendant) a stricter sentence." Berger said these prosecutors don't want to risk alienating a judge to press for a strict sentence. Berger said overall prosecution suffers because of inexperienced deputies. Continued on Page 18 MIDEAST WAR - Israeli jets hit Jordanian army positions and guerrilla targets in what Jordan claims was second Israeli cease-fire violation in 24 hours. Page 2. AMERICAN HELD - Czechs announce they have arrested a Rochester, N.Y. man in Prague on charges of "suspicion of espionage." Page 3. BOMB CACHES - Two hauls of homemade bombs in London arid suburban Croydon are believed to have been destined for troubled Northern Ireland. Page. 4. MANSON ARMED— Witness says Charles Manson took either a sword or gun into LaBianca home the night the wealthy California couple was slain. Page 10 NEW LINK - Third weapon used in Calif., court is linked to Angela Davis, ousted UCLA instructor and black militant leader. Page 11. ELECTORAL REFORM - Chief Senate sponsor of amendment for popular election of president says it faces uphill fight. Page 21. Astrology Churches Classified Comics Crossword Editorials Financial Page Page 46 Movies 39,41 34-36 Obituaries 47 49-67 Opinion 7 46 Radio Log 38 47 s P°rts 69-80 « Shir J 6 Women ^ 81-83 Youth 43 Winds force delay in dumping of nerve gas Associated Press WASHINGTON-Threatening winds of a tropical storm yesterday forced the Navy to postpone today's departure of a nerve gas shipment to be scuttled on the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. A Navy spokesman said the departure was delayed at least 22 hours until tomorrow. He said weather observers will continue to watch the storm and there is a possibility of an even later night, and tugs had planned to start towing it itno the Atlantic early today, Capt. -A. G. Hamilton, commander of the sea phase of the operation, said he would not take the Liberty ship and its cargo of gas out of port at Sunny Point, N.C., until toe U.S. Weather Bureau gave him a prediction of 96 hours of good weather. Earlier yesterday, the U.S. Court of Appeals announced it will hear testimony Monday to determine whether the Army should be halted in its plan to dump the 2,657 to/is of lethal gas into the tie a 280 jmleb oit the Florida lower court's refusal earlier in the day to prohibit disposal of the 418 concrete coffins containing the gas. However, the effect of the appellate court's order was inconclusive in that it did not bind the Army and the Defense Department. Although the lower court ruling, Issued by U.S. District Court Judge June L Green, rejected a petition foratenW rary restraining order, the judge voiced an "urgent request" that the Army consider another site for the disposal in some area where the water is more fchaltort than the selected lii,Wjy = f i; yi

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