Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on August 15, 1970 · Page 2
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 2

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Saturday, August 15, 1970
Page 2
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REPUBLIC PiTV 2 The Arizona 'Rfcjhiftlic EO Phoenit. Sat., Ang. 15.197(1 15,000 U.S. troops going home Associated Press SAIGON — In a move to Vietnamize the war in provinces around Saigon, about 15,000 U.S. troops will be sent home and remaining combat units will play support roles to South Vietnamese forces taking over the American fighting role, official sources said yesterday. The. informants said at least two full brigades and the equivalent of a third, totaling the manpower of an American combat division, will be withdrawn from the 3rd Military Region, which embraces the 11 provinces surrounding the capital. The remaining American units in that region already are concentrating on destroying enemy stockpiles in the interior areas and on supporting South Vietnamese troops who have taken over the American job of disrupting infiltration and supply lines of the enemy along the Cambodian border. The specific units to be withdrawn cannot be named for security reasons until the move is announced by the U.S. Command. The shift of forces represents both confidence in the increasing security of the region and a shift in tactics for the South Vietnamese. American field commanders believe that the allied forays into Cambodia earlier this year virtually eliminated the possibility of large - scale enemy offensives around Saigon for several months. At the same time, the South Vietnamese are free to operate on both sides of the border and thus are in a better position to do the job the Americans were charged with before the incursions began. Lt. Gen. Michael S. Davison, commander of American troops in the 3rd Military Region, said his forces are "trying to clean up" Vietcong and North Vietnamese internal supply caches and are "hassling the remaining enemy" east and northeast of the capital. The estimated 55,000 Americans designated to stay in the region after the withdrawal thus will still be on hand to give the South Vietnamese air and logistical support and come to their aid with combat troops, if needed. Battlefield action dropped off sharply yesterday along the coastal strip called the "Street Without Joy" in the north where fighting flared Wednesday and Thursday. A government military spokesman claimed South Vietnamese regulars and militiamen killed 239 of the enemy, captured 56 and took five defectors in the first two days of fighting. Government casualties were put at 15 killed and 39 wounded. In the mountains southwest of the fighting in the populous lowlands, the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division sent two more battalions to reinforce two already operating in and around Fire Base O'Reilly, which has been under North Vietnamese pressure since Sunday. 1st public overture Seoul offers to talk if North quits warring Los AngeJes Times Service SEOUL— President Chung rea by means of violent revo- bushed fcSS ? S 8? i0 *™** :% stench of d * * clvillans were killed and an undetermined number K ^ vi a f they P 888 / clvllla ?, conv °y am - of others were carried «tt- Observers term the am. by the Vietcong two days earlier. At least bush one of the worst terrorist incidents in the war. N. Viets seek Israel hits Jordanians, guerrillas local truces in Cambodia Associated Press Israel before their Los Angeles Times Service PHNOM PENH - North Vietnamese troops fighting in Cambodia have apparently sought to establish localized truces with Cambodian gov- e r n m e n t forces in recent days According to military sources here, the North Vietnamese have taken more severe punishment recently than is generally thought. The respite sought by the North Vietnamese in some areas would explain the lull in military activity, which has become generalized over the whole of Cambodian territory, according to Cambodian military officials. The military sources say that observation of North Vietnamese operations i n Cambodia over the past eight weeks shows that the same troops have frequently been committed to action in one place after another with hardly any rest between actions. Cambodian villagers who have seen the North Vietnamese troops at close hand while they are on the march at night report that they appear tired and sometimes march in disorder. The fact that Hanoi has kept its troops in Cambodia constantly on the move, in contrast to the manner of operation of North Vietnamese troops in South Vietnam who spend weeks familiarizing themselves with the battlefield on which they plan to fight, is reported also to have resulted in tactical blunders and confusion which in turn have aggravated North Vietnamese losses. In one instance, North' Viet- n a m e s e troops reportedly surged put of a forest onto a flat plain with few trees making easy targets for the Cambodians. In some areas North Vietnamese commanders are reported to have chained their soldiers to trees where they wanted them to hold fixed positions. TEL AVIV - Israeli jets hit Jordanian army positions and guerrilla targets yesterday in what Jordan charged was the second Israeli cease- fire violation within 24 hours. The Israeli military command said the planes struck Jordanian army strongholds that assist Palestinian guerrillas and make it possible "for them to act against Israeli civilians." In Beirut, the weekly magazine Events said the United States had proposed a solution to the thorny Palestinian refugee problem, long a formidable block to the Middle East peace. The solution calls for the return of 40,000 refugees to Israel from the 1% million who now live in the squalid refugee camps in neighboring Arab states, the magazine said. Another section would provide for resettlement of remaining refugees in Arab countries under a $l-billion program that would compensate them for land and pro- perty in exodus. Half of the money would be paid by the United States, the magazine said, and the rest would come from Japan and countries of western Europe. Jordan took its complaint of an Israeli cease-fire violation to the United Nations, charging that the Jewish state was deliberately attempting to undermine peace efforts. In private meetings with U.N. peace envoy Gunnar V. Jarring and U.S. ambassador Charles W. Yost in New York, Jordanian Ambassador Muhammed El-Farra accused Israel of resorting to "sensationalism and fabrications in an attempt to mislead world public opinion and divert it from the Israeli defiances and acts of lawlessness." A Jordanian government spokesman said two Israeli fighters attacked civilian cars in the northern Jordan Valley with rockets and machine guns. Jordianian antiaircraft guns fought the raiders, which were said by the spokesman Egypt's missile buildup continues. Israel says United Press International Israel charged yesterday that Egypt is continuing to expand its Soviet-supplied surface-to-air-missile network near the Suez Canal in new "grave violation" of the cease-fire. It complained to U.N. truce observers that a new Soviet missile battery and fresh construction work were spotted Thursday. The complaint said Israel discovered an additional SAM battery had been installed and that construction work had been resumed at incomplete and empty missile sites. Israel's complaint gave the map coordinates of the new SAM battery and the construction site. The spokesman did not disclose the exact locations, but said "all these activities are well within the (along More about Spy planes monitor cease-fire Continued from Page 1 Informed sources said there was a de facto understanding between the Arab and Israeli disputants and the United States that permits the American over- flights. It is not a specific part of the cease - fire package deal. Where the long-range U2 planes are based is not known, except that the aircraft — which gained dubious fame when Francis Gary Powers was shot down in one over the Soviet Union 10 years ago — do not land in Egypt or Israel. Several more days are expected to pass before the U.S. government finally makes a judgment on whether in fact the Egyptians and Russians perfidiously broke their word immediately after giving it. At stake, conceivably, is abortion of the American peace plan before substantive discussions can start. At best, a heavy cloud of bad faith will hang over any negotiations. The United. States does not so much suspect the Israeli conclusions are untrue as it would prefer to confront the Russians with its own rather than someone else's evidence, sources said. The Russian response is uncertain K, evi- dence, however. There was little likelihood, for example, that the United States will even ask the Russians to pull back the missiles, as in the Cuban missile crisis. The Israelis, on the other hand, have made rectification of the alleged-violation a first order of business for the broader American peace plan. This does not mean Israel will boycott the embryonic peace talks with United Nations mediator Gunnar V. Jarring if the missiles stay in place, or even try to wipe out the offending weapons in an air strike that might end the cease fire. Some compensation might be offered Israel, in the form of American military equipment, to balance the tactical advantage Egypt may have, gained through any clandestine missile movements. The Cairo press gave front page display yesterday to an accusation by Moshe Day an, the Israeli defense minister, that SAM 2 and SAM 3 antiaircraft missiles were moved into the Suez Canal combat* zone shortly after the cease-fire went into effect. The accusation was not specifically denied, but oblique commentary suggested that the Israelis had raised the issue in an effort to stall or undermine efforts for a settlement of the Middle Kasi njjjllirt. 32-mile standstill zone the Suez Canal)." Diplomatic sources in Jerusalem said earlier yesterday that Israel was still awaiting word from Washington on what action would be taken to remove the Soviet missiles. Political sources said the Israeli government was dem a n d i n g that the United States, as the originator and mediator of the cease-fire, should see to the missiles' removal. They said peace talks under the auspices of U.N. special envoy Gunnar V. Jarring were not likely to begin until the missiles had been removed. Israeli Deputy Premier Yigal Allon said in a broadcast Ast night that if the Egyptians and Russians become convinced Washington will not react to their missiles moves, "this will seriously undermine belief in America in this region and in the long run not only we shall be harmed but the United States also." A U.N. spokesman in New York said Secretary General U Thant had received a "confidential" report from the U.N. truce supervision organization's chief of staff on the Israeli complaint of the missile buildup. In Beirut, diplomatic observers said the Israeli charges against Egypt would help Cairo in its quarrels with Arab neighbors who had criticized the Egyptians for accepting the U.S. Middle East peace proposals and the 90- day truce. The Arizona Republic Published every morning by Phoenix Newspapers, Inc. (120 East Van Buren) P.O. Box 1950 271-8000 Subscription Prices Carriers or .Dealers in Arizona Republic (Morn. & Sun.) 90cweek Republic (Morning) 55c wk. (Circulation mail rates appear in the Classified section of each edition.) Second class postage paid at Phoenix, Ariz. Saturday, "AugustTs Vol. 81, No. 91 to have destroyed one car and wounded a civilian. The Middle East peace plan, initiated by the United States and accepted by Israel, Egypt and Jordan, includes a shooting cease-fire for at least 90 days. The cease-fire went into effect last Friday midnight. In consenting, the Jordanian government said it could not be held responsible for attacks by guerrillas, who have vowed to intensify their assaults and sabotage operations against the Israelis in order to wreck any Middle East peace settlement. The Israelis have announced they feel obliged to protect themselves by retaliating against the guerrillas despite the cease-fire. This was the first time Israel has his at the regular forces of either Egypt or Jordan since the cease-fire. The air raid was centered on army positions opposite Israel's Beisan Valley, south of the Sea of Galilee. Two Jewish settlements there came under Arab mortar attack Thursday night. The Tel Aviv spokesman said all planes returned safely from the 45-minute intermittent raid. The strike was the second yesterday in Jordan. Earlier, Israeli warplanes bombed and strafed guerrilla targets in the same general area. Hee Park declared today that South Korea would be willing to take "epochal and more realistic measures" toward peaceful national reunification if North Korea renounced use of force. The South Korean leader made tha suggestion in a major policy speech he delivered at a government-sponsored public ceremony held on the capitol grounds here to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Korea's liberation from Japanese rule at the end of World War II. This is the first time any Seoul government leader publicly has announced his readiness to take a more flexible and positive approach to reunification. It has been forbidden for South Koreans to suggest any direct dealings with Communist North Korea. The Seoul government has shown a completely negative attitude to any North Korean proposals for peaceful unification. "As long as the North Korean Communists persist in aggressive amd provacative acts as they are engaged in now," Park said, "whatever they profess, it is nothing but a disguise, camouflage or fraud. "Any approach toward the reunification by peaceful means is not feasible without the easing of tensions," he added. Therefore, t h e president said: "The North Korean Communists should desist forthwith from perpetrating all sorts of military provocations including t h e dispatch of armed agents into the South and make an announcement publicly that they renounce henceforth their so-called policy of communizing the whole of Korea by force and overthrowing the Republic of Ko- lution, and prove their sincerity by deeds." When these prerequisites have been met and the United Nations verifies it, he said, "I would be prepared to suggest epochal and more realistic measures, with a view to removing, step by step, various artificial barriers existing between South and North" to lay the groundwork for unification. By "artificial barriers," he obviously was referring to the South Korean ban on exchange of mail, travels and trade with the North. North Korea has called for such exchanges, and a confederation of the South and the North in its overtures for p e a c e f u 1 unixication. Park also said South Korea no longer would oppose North Korea's presence at the debate of the Korean question at the United Nations if Pyongyang accepted "unequivocally" the competence and authority of the United Nations in dealing with the Korean unification problem. East Germany's recognition by West demanded New York Times Service BERLIN — East Germany officially demanded recognition by the Western powers yesterday, saying such action followed "logically" from the new Soviet-German non- aggression pact. In a statement relayed by ADN, the official news agency, the East German Cabinet said it welcomed the Moscow accord with West Germany because it served European security and furthered the establishment of normal, peaceful relations between the countries. The statement said the United States, Britain and France, who, as victors of World War II hold special responsibility along with the Soviet Union for Germany, no longer had any reason to withhold recognition from the Communist regime. "From the fact that the governments of the United States, Britain and France officially declared their agreement with the West German action and with the conclusion of the Moscow treaty, it follows logically that these countries should now normalize their relations with the German Democratic Republic," the statement said. PRISONERS RELEASED ATHENS (AP) - Greece carried out a pledge it made to plane hijackers last month and released seven Palestinian commandos from an Athens prison early yesterday. Nicholas Daskalopoulos. chief of Athens' security police, said the seven were turned over to an International Red Cross official who took them to the airport. They were flown later to an Arab nation which Daskalopoulos would not name. 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