The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on August 26, 1975 · Page 2
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August 26, 1975

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 2

Des Moines, Iowa
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Tuesday, August 26, 1975
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WORLD REPORT * f .Mr «»**9py.» The Des Moines Register • Aug. Labor Party is warned on voting MIDEAST Continued from Page One Umm Hashiba on the western approach to the Gidi pass, manning it alongside Americans. Egypt Station A similar station combining Egyptian and American technicians would be set up on the eastern side of the Sinai gateway. The sources said at least two other posts will be manned by Americans, but the precise number has not yet been determined. Some of these technicians, U.S. officials have said, will be former employes,of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency. Additionally, it was learned, the agreement will provide for an unspecified number of unmanned "sensor" listening posts. WIREPHOTO (AP) Meanwhile, the split in Israel over a new Sinai agreement with Egypt widened Monday as supporters of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's government mounted a counter-offensive to win support for the pact. Alarmed over the inroads into Israeli public opinion made by demonstrations against the agreement, government leaders and parties supporting them launched information campaigns throughout the country pointing up the advantages of the deal being worked out by Kissinger. Only Alternative, _ While acknowledging the risks, the campaign stressed that the only alternative for Israel was almost certain war. The pro-government drive got support from the nation's three major kibbutz which charted a movements, joint action plan to stem rightwing moves to undercut the interim pact. Underscoring g o v ernment concern, Foreign Minister Yigal Allon went to Tel Aviv to address one of the kibbutz seminars. Into Action The government swung into action in an effort to wrest the initiative from opponents of the agreement, who charge that a further withdrawal of Israeli troops from the Sinai would endanger the nation's security. Violent clashes here and in Tel Aviv have led to more than 70 arrests, with scores injured in fights with police. About 100 demonstrators showed up at 3 a.m. at Rabin's office with three calves bearing signs with the names of the Israeli negotiators. Use Calves ( * The demonstrators said that the calves represented Israel's docility and were being fattened up for slaughter. They Kissinger, Sadat at conference Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, left, and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat appear Monday during a news conference at the Mamoura Rest home near Alexandria, Egypt. charged that Kissinger was the symbolic butcher. The Israel split over the in terim agreement has shaped up along party lines, with the opposition elements opposing the pact and rightwing and some religious moderates and left wingers supporting it. Meir Zarmi, secretary general of the ruling Labor party, vowed punitive action against any Laborite who opposes the settlement when it is put to the Knesset, the Israeli parliament. This seemed aimed at Moshe Dayan, the daring hero of the 1967 war and former defense minister, who has said Israelis giving up too much for too little and that he will vote against it. A handful of militant Rafi faction Laborites are apt to follow his lead. The major opposition Likud bloc has called on Rabin to hold new general elections, or a referendum before the agreement is signed. At stake may be nothing less than Israel's democracy. Police Minister Shlomo Hillel summed it up this way: "What really matters is whether decisions are taken by raising hands in the Knesset or by raising them in the streets." Soviets to try again on driver seat belt MOSCOW, RUSSIA (AP) The Soviet Union will make another attempt starting Jan. 1 to require Soviet drivers to wear seatbelts, the newspaper Evening Moscow said Monday. The law was enacted early this year and drivers were supposed to wear belts starting Apr. 1, but authorities rescinded the law when it was discovered there were not enough seatbelts being produced. Ford mum on plan for Sinai posts MILWAUKEE, WIS. (AP) President Ford Monday declined to confirm or deny that there are plans for U.S. civilians to help man surveillance posts in the Sinai in the Middle East. But he said that if any such system were considered, Congress would have to approve it. Mr. Ford said Congress would "have to be a partner" in what he called such an important step. To Interview The President made his comments in a half-hour interview on three Milwaukee television stations during a stop here on his way home to Washington after a Colorado vacation. Saying that there have been rumors that an American presence was under consideration in the Middle East negotiations, Mr. Ford said, "That has not been decided. It has been rumored." He said if it does materialize, he would have to make the decision first and then he would submit it to Congress "to say yes or no." Detente Vow In the interview, the President also discussed detente and pledged "there will be no unfair advantage gained by either side" in the current second round of strategic arms limitation talks with _the Soviet Union. Mr. Ford said was not possible to "put fej''cap on the nuclear arms race" with the Kussians, the United States v.uuld have to spend $2 billion $3 billion more a year to I keep even with the Soviets' nuclear weapons build-up. Earlier a group of demonstrators marched without incident outside a downtown hotel when Mr. Ford arrived for a White House conference on domestic and economic affairs. Mr. Ford flew back to Washington Monday night, about half an hour behind schedule after shaking hands with spectators and holding a brief, impromptu news conference at Mitchell Field. Mansfield View Congressional support for the Sinai plan may be hard to get. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield said in Helena, Mont., Monday that he would oppose stationing American civilian personnel in the Sinai as part of an interim peace agreement between Egypt and Israel. "I don't want to see any more first steps taken that could lead to more active participation in any part of the world unless it is tied only to our national security," the Montana Democrat said. Mansfield said statements about the proposal "have been most ambiguous and indefinite." He compared the idea to the United States' original involvement in Vietnam. "As far as I'm concerned, one Vietnam is one Vietnam too many," he said. Mansfield said he did not believe the Ford administration would send American civilians to the Sinai as part of a peace agreement without first seeking congressional approval, "which I'm not certain would be forthcoming and worth coming as far asj'm concerned." Kaunda, Vorster warning on Rhodesia pact fails Leased Wire to The Register VICTORIA FALLS, RHODESIA — In spite of diplomatic efforts by South African Prime Minister John Vorster and Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda to force black and white Rhodesian leaders to find a solution to their racial differ- appeared Monday negotiations might which were ad- at midnight agreement, Monday were re- cnces, it night that break down. The talks, journed without portedly held up by divisions within the black nationalist African National Council (ANC). As the talks opened, Vorster and Kaunda gave the Rhodesian government and the ANC an ultimatum to produce a constitutional settlement within two months. The two leaders, who met on the .Victoria Falls railway bridge that separates Zambia and Rhodesia, also told both sides in the dispute that the talks must begin within seven days. Balks at Pact The immediate obstacles in the day-long meeting between Rhodesian nationalist and government delegations, led respectively by Bishop Abel Mu- zorewa and Premier Ian Smith appear to have been the nationalists' reluctance to endorse an agreement, signed by South Africa, Rhodesia and Zambia, which calls for the buIkTHhe constitutional negotiations to be carried out at committee level within Rhodesia. Both Vorster and Kaunda were intent on pressuring the ANC to sign the agreement and enter Rhodesia for the talks after Smith and Bishop Muzorewa had spoken of their willingness to reach a settlement. A Warning Vorster warned the nationalists that the agreement must be adhered to. "If you do'not I am very, very much afraid," he said, referring to the consequences of a full-scale guerrilla war in Southern Africa. Kaunda also said that the object of this pressure Monday was the ANC, many of whose negotiating team have been holding out against any commitment to join mixed constitutional committees within Rhodesia. Neither Rev. Ndabandingi Sithole nor James Chikerema would be able to attend these talks, as Smith has said that both will face the "due process of law" if they return to Rhodesia. The two men are regarded as militants in the ANC and Kaunda seems prepared to cut HONG KdNG - Radio Saigon, in a broadcast monitored here Monday, referred several times to a cleanup campaign, which revolutionary authorities have been conducting against "reactionary elements" since Apr. 30, indicating that opposition has not yet been entirely wiped out. The radio said youths were helping in the campaign and noted that nearly 200 had been arrested recently in Saigon's tenth district alone. The arrests included 136 for stealing, 39 for illegal possession of arms and 17 for drugs and black market dealing. ' Another indication of resistance was an appeal by a Buddhist nun Huynh-lieu who said the "reactionary dregs of the pro-American regime" must be cleaned out and the population must learn to distinguish between those who hide behind religion and those with truly religious feeling who love their country. out of talks in the committee order to better them stage the chances of a settlement. Risks Seen The president and his South African counterpart, observers say, are taking large political risks in the drive to find some common ground between Smith and the ANC moderates. PLAY BINGO FOR CASH PRIZiS >li>ndtf> thru Salin <l.i> \OOII fO <> HtllMl MIIN 7:110 10 DON VI ON\ lll\<,0 I'Mil OK ttlto M \l M I Resistance in Saigon hinted Schlesinger to Japan Thursday <S Aitnc* Fr«nct-Prtti« TOKYO, JAPAN - U.S. Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger is due here Thursday for talks with his Japanese counterpart, Michita Sakata, aimed at working out a mechanism for "sharing the defense of Japan." Schlesinger's visit, the first by a U.S. defense secretary since 1971, has attracted special attention as it comes from the U.S. pullout from Indochina, amid renewed tension on the Korean peninsula. The focal point of the talks will be exactly how the two countries are to co-operate in times of emergency to deal with a threatened or actual attack on Japan. FARM BUREAU FILES CHARGE ON BOYCOTT GRAIN Continued from Page One from costs added after the raw products left the farmer's gate," he said. 1975 Estimate Butz said recent estimates in dicated 1975 food prices woulc rise 8-9 per cent above the average of 1974. Last week, he acknowledged that the grain sale might cause a 1.5 per cent rise in food prices over the next 18 months, although Federal Reserve Board Chairman Arthur Burns contended Sunday that the rise would be closer to 2 per cent. The Soviet Union traditionally supplies about 5 million tons ol grain each year to its European satellites, primarily to Poland and Czechoslovakia. USDA officials say that the agreements under which the Soviets supply this grain favor the Russians in terms of payment. "The Russians usually don't do anything for free, or for cheap,'' said one official. "When they don't ship to the satellites, that means they don't have it." A private grain trade expert in Washington said that while details of agreements between the Soviet Union and its satellites aren't known, the transactions involved usually are "advantageous" to the Russians. Sales to East Germany, Poland and other Soviet satellites are also considered to be more politically palatable in the U.S. than deals with the Soviet Union itself. Joseph Halow, executive vice- president of Great Plains Wheat, Inc., a market promotion agency, said, "Direct buying from Eastern Europe is regarded as a preferable alterna- ive since the U.S. press and politicians do not appear to ipply the same stigma to sales to Eastern Europe which they apply to sales to the U.S.S.R." Union Stance Union longshoremen, backed by AFL-CIO President George Meany, object to the sales on grounds they will lead to higher ! ood prices, and say they won't load ships bound for Russia. Farmers are upset with the unions, and with the Ford administration for shutting off sales to Russia. They contend both actions have tended to depress grain prices. And on Monday, the American Farm Bureau filed charges alleging that refusal by members of the International Longshoremen's Association to load grain aboard Russian-bound ships amounts to an illegal secondary boycott. Joining with the bureau in Iling the charge with the Na- ional Labor Relations Board were the Kansas and Texas arm Bureaus. Meanwhile, Great Plains Wheat, which maintains offices hroughout the world, has reported that the Peoples Repub- ic of China also may be interested in buying some U.S. grain, and is believed currently o be negotiating with one of the large export firms. Turkey clash ISTANBUL, TURKEY (AP) — Leftist and rightist youths clashed with steel clubs, rocks and fists in the central Turkish city of Kirsehir on Monday, leaving one person dead and several inured, polige said. Vol. 127, No. 63 Aug. Id, 1975 Newi Offices MAIN 7l5 OFFICE Locuit Strttt D«i XtolMl, lowi (M304) CEDAR RAPIDS William Simb jro, Correspondtnl Room 434 Guaranty •Ida. 214 Third Street S.E. <JJ401> i/ENPORT ernes N. MVi Correipondenr 424 Union Arcade Bldg. (52101) BUQUE Torn Ryder, Corrttpondent ««?FfKhir Bldg. (fiwi) /A CITY Larry Cckholt, Correipondint 217 Dey Bldg. (U240) lril ovtlton, Corrttpondent ion«l •IdrW In low. not prov ._. by enJI. <% , carrier foot delivery It year f* wttkil of low*. i4e.M « week. leri'tnd picture! tent to The Register are •enl •! the own*r'i risk and Ms Moines Readier tnd Tribune Company txoressly repudlafes an/ iTabllity or responn'bility (or thtlr late cuttady or return. Member of th* Associated Press. The jiiioclited Press Is entitled exclusively to the ust or reproduction of ill local news printed in this newspaper, as well as (A.P.) news dispatches. Rights and reproduction of all other matter published in tliTs newspaper are liso reserved." No Goncalves action by Portuguese unit LISBON, PORTUGAL (A?) — The political fate of Commu n i s t-backed Premier Vasco Goncalves was left hanging ear ly Tuesday when the deeply di vided military leaders of Por tugal's revolution ended an emergency meeting apparently without a decision. The military's 28-man Revolutionary Council, including nine leaders of the anti-Gon calves movement who are re portedly ready to take military action to oust him, thus left the embattled premier in office for the time being. Brief Statement A brief statement issued at the end of the meeting in the presidential palace made no mention of the Goncalves dispute. It called for the closing of the pro-Communist ganda branch, army propa- the restoration to his command of a pro-Gen calves military commander and said there would be another military conference next week. The anti-Goncalves officers have demanded the premier's removal by the middle of this week. The statement concluded with a declaration that the armed forces branches must obey their chiefs of staff. Man Killed In Leiria, about 75 miles north of Lisbon, one man was killed and three were wounded in a shooting spree that broke out when a hostile mob tried to attack Communist Party headquarters. Troops drove off the attackers and surrounded the building following the second night of violence in the northern town. The Lisbon meeting was the first time that the nine dissident members of the Revolutionary Council were called to a Council meeting since being suspended from the elite body two weeks ago -after they a u n c h e d their campaign against Goncalves. Underlining the seriousness of the situation was the formation of a "common front" of the Communist Party, its allies and militant leftist groups that joast weapons to support Goncalves and the disclosure that an undetermined number of garrisons throughout the coun- :ry, including a Lisbon air jase, were on a state of alert. Military sources said that Portuguese President Francisco Costa Gomes, who has sought a compromise between pro-Goncalves and anti-Goncalves 'orces to avoid armed conflict, would have to "make up his mind soon because time is running out and something has to give." Ominous Turn The decision of the Communist Party to join forces in a >ro-Goncalves front with mili- ant revolutionary leftists gave the crisis an ominous turn, raising the specter of urban guerrilla warfare to uphold oncalves. A statement announcing the front said it was supported by unnamed AFM of- 'icers. As to the military alert, military spokesmen would not elaborate, but said that several garrisons in the Lisbon area were on a state of "maximum alert." The security command of General De Carvalho, who * Pre-Winter Special! HAVE YOUR FURNACE AND AIR DUCTS CLEANED NOW. Wf US! THE WOWS MOST IFFKIIMT POWER-VAC WUIPMIHT FURNACE. BELL BROS. HEATING t AIR CONDITIONING 2122-tlh Aienut Phone 244-1111 Rodie Ditpolihtd 24 Hour Siivict-AII Mok.i • LOWM FUEL ilUS 'CLEANER FURNITURE • CLEANER FURNACE 'CLEANER RUGS •CLEANER WALLS .CLEANER CLOTHES FREE Wilti f viry Powtr-Vac Job A Free Winter Check On Your Furnace — We Do The Following ... • Oil Blower • Check Blower Control • Oil Motor • Adjuit Pilot i Burner* * Clean Filter • Check & Adjust Thirmcttat • Check Humidifier • SAFETY INSPECT ' Add S5 >l you hive Central A C attached to furnace. PLUS SI PER REGISTER sooso * J| * T T FALL SEMESTER BEGINS SEPT, 2 lUgiittr Sat., August 30, 9:30 until neon, Tuti,, f tptt mbtr 2, 5:30-8:00 P.M. Science Bldg./ Int Mi • QrejiKfetow Av«mw For Information/ Call 265-4232 College 1200 Grandview Avenue Des Moines. Iowa 50316 has asked Goncalves to resign, however, said it had not ordered troops confined to barracks. In the past two weeks rival factions have been mustering support among garrisons to back up their respective post tions. Confusing Gomes Statements Monday's tense atmosphere followed a weekend of confusing statements involving Costa Gomes. One of them, saying that the premier should remain in power until the present crisis is resolved, was ordered withdrawn from circulation, but its message was upheld as "valid" and "operative," according to a presidential spokesman in an explanation worthy of Ronald Ziegler, former President Nixon's press secretary. The spokesman added that the reason it had been withdrawn from circulation was that it had aroused controversial comment, meaning that it had been hailed by the Communists as a Goncalves victory. A second statement saying that the premier had received the support of a majority of the AFM was canceled outright and its content declared "inopera. live" because it mentioned the president without "his approval." U.S. postpones Angola help © 1»73 W«hlrnton Poil LISBON, PORTUGAL - The United States is holding up an urgent plea from Portugal for help in settling an expected 300,000 white refugees from Angola, diplomatic sources disclosed Monday. No decision will be taken, it was learned, until Washington is satisfied that Lisbon has'a government with which it can work. This double-meaning formulation enables American officials to suggest to the Portuguese that it is uncertainty over the survival of Vasco Goncalves 1 government Communist and not premier the' pro- himself that is the stumbling block. Observers here, however, have Tiftir^oubrthat the chief reason for the holdup is the Communist slant of the shaky Goncalves team. If a new government under Gen. Carlos Fabiao is set up — and there are widespread predictions that it will be — an aid package to help with the crushing refugee bur. den will almost surely be put ;ogether. NATO ^exercises NAPLES, ITALY (AP) NATO exercises including roops from the United States and Turkey will be held in eastern Turkey and the Aegean Sea Sept. 12-28, NATO officials said Monday. RETURN GANDHI CONVICTION, COURT ASKED NEW bELHI, INDIA (AP)' Accusing Parliament of putting Prime Mlntetcr Indira Gandhi "above the law," opponents "of the embattled Indian leader asked the Supreme Court Monday to overturn a constitutional amendment nullifying ber. conviction for Illegal campaign practices. The opening day of the hearing, which is expected to last about a week, shaped up quickly as a major test to determine whether Parliament or the court has supremacy in deciding Gandhi's political fate. Cites Rule of Law Shanti Bhushan, the chief lawyer for imprisoned Socialist leader Raj Narain, said the constitutional amendment by Parliament Aug. 8 was unconstitutional, undemocratic and "completely destructive of the concept of the rule of law." Bhushan challenged the validity of the entire recent time- week session of Parliament that passed the constitutional amendment and other legislation that rewrote the ^election laws in Gandhi's favor.' Bhushan noted that some opposition members could not attend the session because they* had been arrested since Gandhi imposed her authoritarian emergency rule on June 26. "The Parliament session held by unconstitutionally detaining some members is not a valid session and any business transacted in this session is not le- al," he argued. The constitutional amendment had the effect of declaring Mrs. Gandhi's June 12 conviction "null and void" and removing the mandatory penalty of her being banned from elective office for six years. No Enforcement The Supreme Court, however, has stayed enforcement of the ban until it completes hearings on Gandhi's appeal of the guilty judgment, which held "that she wrongfully used government officials to help her win her Parliament seat in 1971. Bhushan conceded that it the constitutional amendment is declared legal by the Supreme Court, the case against Gandhi would automatically lapse, with ber having been acquitted in effect by Parliament. Find downed WWII bomber AMSTERDAM, THE NETHERLANDS (AP) - An aerial photo has revealed the location of a U.S. Air Force bomber shot down in World War II. The Royal Dutch Air Force said Monday the wreck was spotted in the former Zuider Zee, the vast enclosing dik* now known as the Ijsselmeer. Salvage operations are due to begin next week and the spokesman said it was likely he remains of the crew would >e found. If you're going to have one too many, doiit make this the one. Beam's Choice is much too good to waste. So if you're going to have one too many, don't make Beam's Choice the one. Beam's Choice is gently mellowed for 8 long years in charred oak barrels. Then every drop is charcoal filtered after aging. It's an expensive way to make Beam's Choice. But as long as it's slowly savored and thoroughly enjoyed by folks who drink in moderation, it's well worth the effort. Just remember, too much of anything, even of a good thing, is no good. 86 Proof Kentucky Straig h, the JJTKS 6. Re^i Bourbon Whiskey Distilled and Bottled ; Co , Clermont. Beam, Kentucky

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