Dedicated to tht Progr«u And Growth of Control Utah Monday, April 7, 1975, THE HERALD, Provo, Utah-Page 13 How's fax Burden Shared? In a day when the tax burden weighs heavily, property tax payers can be thankful for businesses and industries because of the percentage of the load they bear. Figures compiled by Utah Foundation, the private tax research organization, show that in the state as a whole, 50 per cent of all property taxes charged during 1974 were collected from owners of commercial and industrial property. The percentage wasn't quite that high in Utah County where industrial and commercial taxpayers paid 47.1 per cent of all property taxes charged in the county. The Foundation analysis shows that property taxes charged in Utah County last year totaled $16,468,750. Of this sum, the various classes of commercial and industrial property accounted for $7,750,610 equalling the 47.1 per cent of the total. 1 Other property tax sources include: Residential property, $6,071,466 or 36.9 per cent; motor vehicles, $1,685,990 or 10.2 per cent; agricultural property, 893,524 or 5.4 per cent; and miscellaneous, $67,160 or 0.4 per cent. The Foundation noted that part of the property tax collected on motor vehicles and miscellaneous represents taxes on business and industry. As a result, the figure reported above for commercial and industrial probably is low. State-wide, property taxes imposed last year rose by $10,4 million, or 6.1 per cent. All of this gain, said the report, is attributable to new properties being added to the tax rolls and to increases in existing valuations. The average overall tax rate in Utah actually declined slightly from 79.48 mills in 1973 to 78.60 mills in 1974. Largest share of property tax revenue in Utah is used for support of public schools. Last year in Utah County, school property taxes totaled $10,440,615 or 63.4 per cent of all property taxes imposed. In addition to the property tax, local schools in Utah receive all the individual and corporate income tax revenue, plus a substantial portion of the state sales tax revenue through transfers from the general fund, according to the Foundation. Other recipients of property tax revenue in Utah County include the county government, $1,998,044 or 12.1 per cent of the total; municipalities, $3,525,551 or 21.4 per cent; special improvement district, $497,327 or 3 per cent; and bounty taxes, $7,213. While the schools continue to receive the largest share of property tax revenue, the largest per centage increase in Utah in recent years has been by special improvement districts. Foundation analysis shows that property taxes imposed by special districts rose by 170 per cent between 1964 and 1974. This compares with property tax increases of 95 per cent for counties, 48 per cent for cities and towns, and 43 per cent by public schools during this same period. The rapid growth in special district taxes is a reflection of population expansion in the unincorporated urban areas, especially along the Wasatch Front. The whole property tax setup provedes food for thought and deep reflection. Taxing units as well as public should be mindful of the burden, and alert to effect every possible economy. So They Say As for the rich in this world, charge them not to be haughty, nor to set their hopes on uncertain riches but on God who richly furnishes us with everything to enjoy. They are to do good, to be rich in good' deeds, liberal and generous. — I Timothy 6:17, 18. :::::*:^^ By the Herald Staff Off the Beat PLEASE PAY AMOUNT INDICATED Most workers at one time or another have looked with dismay at the amount left over on their paychecks, after all the numerous deductions have been made. Last week one young woman at the Utah County Building got what must have been the paycheck shock of all time, thanks to a little help from her friends. The woman and her husband had purchased a mobile home and, haying borrowed money from the credit union, anticipated having the payments deducted from her paycheck. She had expressed some misgivings over what her paycheck would amount to when the big chunk was cut out. Her boss at the County Building, in collusion with the County Auditor's office, made sure her shock was a good one. They made up a fake check which showed a figure in red, and the note "please pay the county." — JOSEPHINE ZIMMERMAN **» YOU'D BETTER BELIEVE IT! Provo Chamber of Commerce Manager Gordon W. Bullock reminded Mayor Russell D. Grange who ought to be boss after the mayor casually asked him, "Is everything O.K. in our fair city?" "If you don't know, we're all In trouble," Mr. Bullock rejoined. - R.M. »»* INTERIM COMMITTEE PROCESS EXPANDED Acqording to the bill's chief sponsor, Sen. Karl N, Snow, R-Provo, the reason the long awaited measure creating an interim committee structure for the state legislature got bogged down was that it seriously eroded the power base of senior legislators. The new bill provides for the appointment of nine committees, involving members of both houses, to operate between sessions. The committees will have the power to study bills and then recommend these to the legislature without having to funnel them through party leaders. According to veteran legislators it has long been recognized that the bills with the greatest chance of making it through the legislative process are those that have been worked on between sessions. In the past, an elite committee of 16 legislators worked on the only interim committee with power to hire researchers for specific bills. The new proposals will allow every legislator to become involved in the interim committee process. Utah County Senator Ernest Dean, D- American Fork, one of the most senior legislators in terms of years of service was one of a number of legislative leaders who gave the bill a rough time. It failed before two legislative sessions but was adopted in the recently concluded session. - ROBERT McDOUGALL »** QUOTE AND REQUOTE Some day I'll pass by the Great Gates of Gold, And see a man pass through unquestioned and bold. "A Saint?" I'll ask old Peter'll reply: "No, he carries a pass — he's a newspaper guy." —The Newspaper Guy, Stanza 4 By Benjamin Scoville (1890) *** IT'S ALL RIGHT COMMISSIONER An old custom among members of the Provo Lions Club was the source of embarrassment for a politlcan who recently joined their ranks. When a club officer held out a friendly hand, and in the traditional manner of the Lions said, "Hello Lion Wayne Hillier," the commissioner said a wave of guilt suddenly overcame him as he frantically searched his memory for which unfulfilled campaign promise his greeter felt he was lying about. »»» FOR YOUR SCRAPBOOK What is CHARITY? It's SILENCE when your words would hurt. It's PATIENCE when your neighbor's curt. It's DEAFNESS when a scandal flows, It's THOUGHTFULNESS for others' woes. It's PROMPTNESS when stern duty calls. It's COURAGE when misfortune falls. Henry J. Taylor Big Spenders and Inflation When the overspending congressmen and Senators, making their political hay, forced President Ford to sip the $22.8 billion tax cut bill, these Washington Robin Hoods of the Red Ink behaved true to form. Deficit financing — borrowing more and more to pay the government's bills — means inflation and unsound money. But these denizens in Byzantium - on - the • Potamac pour our taxpayers' .dollars out like daisies on a "You love, you love me not" basis as if trying to see which petal is at the bottom of the barrel. The Washington Robin Hoods have built our U.S. Government debt to $495 billion. Never have so many owed so much. Day and night, every day, around the clock, the interest alone costs us $75,000 a minute! Even so, there's a joker buried in this. The total government bonds printed represent in one way or another $604 billion in government debt. That's a $109 billion increase in one year. This $109 billion is more than the entire federal budget a few years ago. President Kennedy inherited a federal debt of $283 billion before Mr. Kennedy's New Frontier and President Johnson's Great Society overspending got going. Arthur Okun, chairman of President Johnson's Council of Economic Advisers, conceded on .May 17, 1968, that the government itself was "the major cause of inflation because it has been pouring so much deficit money into the economy.'' And this was the first time any government official had made so open an admission. Since President Kennedy took over, our federal debt has increased $212 billion. Nor is this due to armaments, as so widely claimed. We've spent more than a trillion dollars on defense since World War II. But our defense takes less than six per cent of our Gross National Product. Nondefense spending has increased an average 9'/£ per cent a year. For this republic's first 163 years until President Eisenhower's 1952 election, federal spending for all domestic purposes totalled $13 billion. It's $161 billion in the 1975 budget. In the past six years alone the Washington Robin Hoods' domestic outpourings increased more than the amount reached by 1969. These denizens have made money a substitute for everything — even the facts. The population has grown only normally since 1961, but the federal bureaucrats on the public payroll have leapt 129 per cent. School enrollment has less than doubled. But the federal government now distributes about $14 billion annually for education. This has been added since 1962. In Oakland, Calif., for example, there are an incredible 125 different federal programs, including a skill training center Leffers fo Editor that has graduated 47 cooks. Of these, 36 found jobs — at a cost of $11,493 per student. Our educational system Is admittedly in a shambles while the cost of education has quadrupled. Children under 18 increased only four per cent, But the number of Aid to Families with Dependent Children increased 456 per cent. And as for the elderly, the nursing home swindle is at long last being uncovered. This column recently detailed how the Social Security tax rate has gone straight up like the Eiffel Tower; 1,370 per cent since its 1935 beginning. Medicare costs, too, have mounted fantastically. Moreoever the Washington Robin Hoods disburse hundreds of millions annually to hospitals. But a bed has increased in charge by $10 to $100 a day. They pour $18 billion a year into welfare. But it's another shambles, loaded with waste and corruption. It too often helps the wrong people, skips cruelly over the truly needy and subsidizes laziness instead of stimulating effort and self-reliance. They spend billions in so-called revenue sharing for urban centers. But cities everywhere are going bankrupt. And urbal renewal has destroyed three times the dwellings it has created. When our Robin Hoods of the Red Ink talk of inflation, they're not telling the people anything they do not already know. But what these vote-greedy denizens fail to confess is that it's chiefly they themselves who cause it. On that subject, they're a Sphinx. Need for Master Plan Cited Editor Herald: Every county in the state is required to have a county planning commission; the formulation of a county master plan is one of the duties of this commission. The adoption of the recently updated Utah County Master Plan would enable the county to better meet the unique challenges now facing the area. Phoenix, Ariz., is one of the most rapidly growing areas of the country, but in a recent meeting it was revealed that Utah County is growing at a rate nearly three times that of Phoenix. Rapid growth always brings problems, and experience in other areas has proven that foresight and planning are necessary to prevent abuses and damage. Although the individual property owner definitely should have input and influence, this does not alleviate the need for a current master plan. Proposals such as farmland for 'the farmers, restrictions on canyon building, building in specified areas, approval before building new towns, are all designed to provide an orderly growth in a sensible manner. Uncontrolled speculation and building result in polluted water sheds, urban sprawl, and unequal tax burdens. Utah County is faced with problems never before felt here; the proposed plan offers the best solutions to these problems. K. Murdock 235N.600E. American Fork It's People Who Must Make the Laws Work Remember When? From the files of the Herald, as compiled by Lynn Tilton 10 Years Ago April 7,1965 The United States, Britain and France handed the Soviet government stiff diplomatic notes demanding an immediate end to harassment of Allied ground and air traffic in West Berlin. Earlier, Soviet jet fighter planes fire blank cannon shells over West Berlin to protest the meeting of the West German, parliament. The Spanish Fork High School presented "A Civil War Silhouette," with Jay Thomas, Elmo Keck, Mike Bellow, Tamara Lasson, Stephanie Stewart, Mike Pierce, Ann Hansen, Chuck Bush, Richard Roach, Ron Wride, Doug Johnson and others participating. Sgt. Max Littlefield was named officer of the year by the International Footprint Association, Squaw Peak Chapter. "Becket" with Richa.rd Burton and Peter o'Tooele was playing at the Scera and Geneva Drive-in. 25 Years Ago April?, 1950 The geological survey reported discovery of three new high grade uranium minerals in the Hillside mine in Yayapai County, Ariz. The three minerals were named andersonite, bayleyite and swartzite and the writer explained that uranium was the stuff used in A-Bombs. Controversy over the signing of Marion Wankier of the Provo Timps onto the American Fork Towners baseball club was halted. The decision was made by Ray Cornfield, president of the Utah Industrial League, that workers would pitch for the Timps. Betty Grable and a less mature Victor Mature were playing in "Wabash "Avenue" with Bing Crosby singing and dancing in "Riding High" and Ronajd Reagan played opposite Patricia Neal in "The Hasty Heart." 40 Years Ago April 7,1935 Elder Reed Smoot cautioned LDS faithful to live within their incomes and remain out of debt. He emphasized he was not finding fault with national policies but he could "riot see where it will end with the United States going more and more into debt." During a recent epidemic of scarlet fever in Payson, Dr. A. L. Curtis inoculated 800 persons in the five-shot series and was recognized as having inoculated more persons against that disease titan any other doctor in the United States. A new Ford V-$ was selling for $495 and up. It boasted one windshield wiper which was located overhead on the driver's side of the car. Editor Herald: I believe someone ought to assign a patrol car just to follow Ms. Bailey around, she sounds like a very rude inconsiderate traffic hazard on wheels. I am sure there are more than just a few people in this area, any area, who understand Ms. Bailey's attitude. Unjust acts to the self are earth shaking, to others mildly irritating. People see laws, small to large, being broken all around them and because they are caught and not the next guy, then the police force is definitely inadequate. Instead of trying to help, to be a better, more defensive driver and a better citizen, they lash out, taking every opportunity they can to break the driving laws; five miles more an hour here, run a stop sign there, an amber light here... The police force is not perfect, and the law is not perfect, what is? It's people like you and me who make laws, work on police Today In forces. Obey the laws, drive defensively. It won't hurt you and it may save someone's life. Nitpicking is necessary. Seemingly minor problems such as speeding, frosted windows, broken tail lights, etc., lead to major accidents. Someone has to nitpick to keep us on our toes. If, however, we solved these problems ourselves, without the aid of unwanted tickets, we will free our police force to tackle, full-time, more important crimes. Think about it... Arvin D. Brothersen 1984 W. 550 N. Editor's Note: The Herald appreciates the many mailbag contributions in reponse to the Bailey letter. We believe the subject has been well-covered, and with publication of the above letter would like to devote the space to other subjects. Capital Scene By CHARLES E. FLINNER WASHINGTON (UPI) - Congress is on the brink of a debate over whether America has the best highways and the worst transportation in the western world or whether the interstate system will become the next Perm Central. The focal point is the Highway Trust Fund. Its backers rank it as one of the greatest things since the wheel. Detractors see it as a hole in the Treasury through which has fallen a chance for a well balanced transportation system. At the end of 1974, the Highway Trust Fund stood at $8.2 billion. It is replenished by money collected from fuel taxes and excise taxes on rubber, tires, automotive parts, auto accessories, buses, trucks, trailers and interest. Even if it survives the attacks, the fund will be diminished because of projected lower fuel consumption in the years just ahead due to the conservation efforts. According to Carlton C. Robinson, executive vice president of the Highway Users Federation, there won't be enough to go around to meet high way needs. Sens. Edward M. Kennedy, D- Mass., and Lowell Weicker, R- Conn., jointly introduced legislation to abandon the fund altogether. "By abolishing this Highway Trust Fund and by encouraging a balanced system, this bill will end the federal underwriting of a distorted transportation program," Kennedy said. "That program has produced the best highways and the worst transportation in virtually the entire industrialized world." J. R. Coupal Jr., deputy federal highway administrator, says the Department of Transportation has given the fund a lot of thought and will propose that "beginning in the fiscal year 1978, the Highway Trust Fund should be retained for financing the Interstate system only." But Robinson warns that the spending rate being proposed by the administration would reach $3.7 billion annually in 1980 and "at that rate, we estimate that the Interstate would not be completed until well into the next century." And he adds that by that time some of the system —already 20 years old and "beginning to wear out —"will be hitting 50 years of age. "The interstate system may well be the next generation's Penn Central," Robinson said. Robinson says if the interstate is to be completed in 10 years, it will require about $5.6 billion annually, which includes a 7 per cent adjustment for inflation. "All of these figures omit the needs and needed investment in the elements of the nation's highway systems other than the interstate," he said. "If we don't reinvest in the highway system, it gradually wears out." At current rates, spending on all road construction is consuming about $3 of every $1,000 of gross national product. Before World War II, road spending was consuming about $20 of every $1,000 of gross national product, according to the Highway Users Federation. "Continued investment in the highway plant must be made simply to keep even with depreciation," Robinson warns. Robinson calculates that the investment required for non- interstate roads, assuming a 7 per cent inflation rate, will be about $14 billion annually through 1990. "The highway system is in financial trouble," he said. "The public is largely unaware of the situation —if anything, may believe that highways are overfunded." Berry's World History By United Press International Today is Monday, April 7, the 97th day of 1975 with 268 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning stars are Mercury, Mars and Jupiter. The evening stars are Venus and Jupiter. Those born on this date are under the sign of Aries. English poet and philosopher William Wordsworth was born April 7,1770. This is actor James Garner's 48th birthday. On this day in history: In 1927, the first successful demonstration of long distance television was made between Washington, D.C. and New York City. In 1943, American and British troops linked up in Tunisia during the North African campaign of World War II. In 1947, millions of Americans were without telephone service as a nationwide strike began. 1 It lasted 23 days. "Sure, this one might make an interesting study, but is the sublect RIDICULOUS enough?"
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