Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 15, 1972 · Page 7
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June 15, 1972

Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 7

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Pampa, Texas
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Thursday, June 15, 1972
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Page 7
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EDITOR'S NOTE: ..,„„,„mils in Moscow and Peking are over. What have they really changed? In thin first of two articles, the post-summit outlook is summarized, with emphasis on Europe. v . ByLEWISGULICK AiMclatMl Crest Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The world is likely to be a safer place In the years following the 1972 summitry, and in the more immediate future it will see a step-up in already widespread U.S.-Soviet dealings. An Associated Press survey since the Moscow and Peking talks finds this view widely held by U.S. officials and Europeans-a view tempered by caution against expecting speedy solutions to deep East- West differences. Some forecast new frictions, short of major war, as the old globe of the cold war and two superpowers thaws into a more fluid but complicated multipo- wer system. In Asia as in Europe, officials see prospects improved after the summits for avoiding any new, large-scale conflict even though the Vietnam war goes on. But they expect fundamental power shifts and major agreements in Asia to evolve only over the years. They rate the more immediate impact of Nixon's journeys as primarily psychological—creating an atmosphere of toning down old hostilities. Some sources voiced disappointment at the lack of discernable progress on Vietnam, an issue President Nixon took up both with Chinese leaders in February and with the Soviets in May. "Today the President speaks of going to Peking and Moscow for achieving peace," says W. Averell Harriman, a Democrat whose past posts include ambassador to Moscow and U.S. negotiator at the Paris peace Ulks, "and yet the war goes on in Vietnam with increased fury." The fact that the Kremlin went ahead with the summit on the heels of Nixon's mining of North Vietnam's harbors has bolstered administration insistence that Moscow values improved U.S.-Soviet relationships over all-out support for Hanoi. But high U.S. officials say the key to a Vietnam peace still lies with Hanoi. In contrast with the Peking summit, which featured an opening in U.S.-Chinese contacts after years of shut-off, the Moscow meetings went into a broad range of U.S.-Soviet dealings already under way, as well as taking up some new items. Here are some specific things coming up in the wake of the agreements announced in Moscow: SALT—The U.S. negotiating team is gearing up to return to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks—SALT—with proposals for broadening arms control beyond the accords announced in Moscow. SALT negotiator Gerard Smith indicates the U.S. proposal will include a call for :urbs on strategic bombers, and jerhaps for further restric- Jons on missile forces. Meanwhile, Nixon will push 'or congressional approval of he first-stage SALT accords— md for $83.4 billion in military ippropriations for the coming rear, up $6.3 billion from this »ear. SALT placed ceilings on of- ensive and defensive missiles I the two superpowers, without estricting already planned irograms for weapons nprovemerits. Smith and Secretary of De- snse Melvin R. Laird agree Mt planned U.S. programs for uch weaponry as the Trident lissile submarine and the Bl mg-range bomber must pro- fed pending a mutual arms ontrol pact with the Soviets on uch items. Trade—Secretary of Com- lerce Peter G. Peterson will y to Moscow next month for te first session of the new, ermancnt U.S.-Soviet Joint ommercial Commission. The im is to work out a omprehensive trade jreempnt by late this year. However, a web of issues lust be resolved before U.S.- >viet commerce can expand ttbly. U.S.-Soviet negotiators ive yet to agree on the size of a !oscow payment for Russia's )U to the United States on arid War II lend-lease debts. The Soviets want most-fa- •red nption trade treatment om the United States. This ill require congressional legis- lion which the Nixon admmis- •tion does not want to grant itil a lend-lease settlement. A roilar situation applies to Sort desire for U.S. Export- ipprt Bank credits. Peterson predicts U.S.-Soviet mmerce in time will surge far «ve its current flow of a couple of hundred million do) lars a year. But difficulties over trade and credit terms, marketing problems and the like, in his opinion, will prevent the volume from reaching the .billion-dollar mark by 1975. Space-U.S. and Soviet technicians are shaping up a program for .space cooperation which, in 197S, will feature a test rendezvous by American and Russian astronauts as they link up space ships. The' U.S.Soviet talks looking' toward cooperation by the two space powers have been under way since 1970. Environment—Specific projects under the new environmen- MMPA OAlir NIWS '» •• — «. _^ . PAMPA. TEXAS 68th YEAR Thursday. . Leaders, U.S. Officials Rate Nixon Peace Journeys? (lion dot- tal agreement set forth at MM- frimw*—nn/iap »i» n «u, «„ u^...,.: ,..:. ,.„ ,—•... .. V NEWS ? Thursday. June 15, 1972 tal agreement set forth at Mos cow have yet to be worked out. A two-nation environmental committee will get on the job this summer or fall. Perhaps there will be a joint effort for preservation of polar bears. There may be joint research on what cities and large water projects do to the climate. , Russell Train, chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality, calls the endeavor "a whole new ball game" in U.S.- Soviet cooperation. He envisages "not only sharing of information, but a very strong step beyond that into actual joint work on joint projects.'' Science—Under the new ac cord on science cooperation signed in Moscow, the number of delegations exchanged under the current U.S.-Soviet exchange program—21—could double. The President's science adviser, Dr. Edward David, plans to head for Moscow soon to work out details. On the major issue of European security, U.S. and West European officials both appraise the Moscow summit as a plus in the movement already well under way to narrow the continent's East-West division. ,Secretary of State William >. Rogers says he expects preliminary East-West talks to begin in Helsinki (his fall, looking toward a Conference on European Security and Cooperation next spring. Parallel talks are planned on mutual force reduction in Europe. An agreement could bring home at least some of the 300,000 GI's in Europe. But presidential adviser Henry A. Kissinger indicated to newsmen that, like SALT, European force cut negotiations are likely to be long and complicated. In West Germany, Chancellor Willy Brandt was reported viewing the U.S.-Soviet summit as a total vindication of his policy of normalizing Bonn's relations with Communist East Eu- rope. In London, the Edward Heath government unreservedly welcomed the SALT accords; in Paris, government officials felt the missile pacts didn't go far enough—that the real need is destruction of nuclear arms and the means to deliver them. While the French were obviously unhappy about what they regarded as too-skimpy briefings on the Moscow summit, they and other West Europeans saw the U.S.-Soviet get-together as a prod for their Common Market. As the superpowers swing into.more arrangements between themselves, according to this view, it becomes more necessary for the European group to develop its own big power identity in order to pursue European interests effectively. The theme that the danger of war is diminishing, found among officials both here and abroad, is based not only on the Moscow and Peking summitry but on a view of a changing world. It is also being accompanied by cautions that deep- seated differences will not disappear soon. Nixon himself reported to Congress that the war threat has been reduced, but not eliminated. Australia's Prime . Minister William McMahon saw the balance swung "away from confrontation towards conciliation and detente." Britain's foreign secretary, Sir Alex Douglas-Home, said the Soviets have not yet shown hard evidence of abandoning expansion at the expense of the West. Undersecretary of State John N. Irwin II rates the Peking summit as the opening of a dialogue with China, while the Moscow summit "may be seen by historians as the symbolic end to the cold war. Congress passed the first U.S. draft law. the Enrollment Act, in 1863. m Levities WE VOTE FOR DAD ®i FOR A DAD THAT DRISStS UP White-oil White Shirts MEAT airr ran DAM Ifs new! It's fashion! White dobby patterns on a whffe dress style. No-iron. 1d'/2 to 17. 13.99 /..< Open Daily UNTIL g PM special knits on sale for dad! SPECIALLY PRICED FOR DAO't DAY! 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