Page 15 article text (OCR)
MAI KM ;,;.'i..io BULLDOG not agree tilth a tied that you say, fat I tfitt to the leath your right to say it ... Voltaire THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC— Ship Of Fools Tuesday, Nov. 4, 1969 Page 7 The People Speak Greater Parent Participation Seen Need Of Public Schools Editor, The Arizona Republic: In the Oct. 23 issue of The Republic Dr. Weldon P. Shofstall, superintendent of public instruction, was quoted as saying in an address to the Association for Childhood Educational International that, "Many educators mistakenly feel that parents should not actively disagree with public school policies regarding morality, economics, patriotism, our form of government, etc., since they feel these are professional matters about which parents know nothing. This false idea is creating the most serious educational problem in our state." I appreciate what I believe Dr. Shofstall was trying to do, and that was to encourage citizens of the community to become more involved in the affairs of their local school districts, and to urge educators to more effectively involve people in the community in these matters. However, if Dr. Shofstall is quoted correctly by the paper, I would disagree with his statement. It is undoubtedly true that educators and school boards have too frequently Too Much Theft If Paul Mclnery is convicted of murder it will have to be a great miscarriage of justice. Mr. Mclnery was defending his own property. The boys were stealing from him. What difference does it make what was being stolen? Justice of the Peace Charles Coppock says that gasoline is' less than 40 cents a gallon, so why kill? Does that mean that if the boys were stealing a $5,000 car or boat that then killing would be justified? Where does he draw the line? THE LAW clearly defines stealing. The Ten Commandments contain "Thou shalt not steal." What is a citizen supposed to do when someone comes onto his property and removes something that belongs to him, regardless of what it is? Thank God for Crime Stop. I know it has helped, but we still have a long way to go. Every day the police department receives complaints of theft that they will never be able to do anything about. There is just too much stealing going on. PEOPLE SAY it is unnecessary to kill. Let me just ask one thing. What would you do if it were your property? You work hard to get the things you want and someone that doesn't want to work comes along and steals it from you. Think about it. W. HOLM Unfair Practice Being an avid golf enthusiast, I and many others in the Valley are concerned with the latest announcement that annual golf memberships at the muncipal courses may be abandoned, except to those over 62 years of age. It is the opinion of many I have talked to that this is an unfair practice to taxpayers of Phoenix. Very shortly our courses will be invaded with winter visitors, mostly in the over-62 category who take out the memberships and play four to five times a week. It is my feeling if these visitors have the financial means to come to our city each winter, they should be able to pay the full amount for greens fees. Once they do arrive, the courses are so congested that it is difficult for the residents to get on without an hour or more wait. Those of 'us who live here year round and pay taxes should be offered some privileges that tourists should not have. I have been a resident of Phoenix the past 12 years and have greatly enjoyed having an annual membership the past three. I and hundreds of others do not qualify for the over-62 category and certainly will suffer if they are denied us in the future, By increasing the green fees from $2 to $2.50. and maintaining memberships •to .all Phoenix residents, regardless of age, it seems to me this could bring in the additional revenue needed to meet rising costs. JO ANN RODE Police Thanked In this day and age one hears many derogatory remarks about our police officers, Well, this is for those who make them: Oh Oct. 2§ at 3 ,a,m., being awake, I heard what sounded like a well-locked door being forced open. I called the Me.sa police and it seemed I had barely left the phone when the police responded to nothing more serious than a heavy object falling upon a metal table-. I felt grateful jt. was nothing more serious where these men may. have encountered trouble, My thanks to the Mesa police. ' failed to sufficiently involve the citizenry in the affairs of the schools, but not, I believe, because of a desire to exclude them, but either because of a failure on the part of the schools to communicate to and with the community properly, or because of community apathy. IN. MY SEVEN YEARS as a member of the 1 Mesa School Board I have become quite familiar with our district and have met many teachers, administrators, and school board members throughout the state and quite a large number of school people throughout the nation at national meetings, etc. I know of none who is not concerned about the same things that Dr. Shofstall is concerned about, which is the lack of communication between the general public and their schools. I don't believe I have ever been to a meeting of educators where this subject was not discussed either in seminars, workshops, speeches, etc. Educators are aware of the problem and are trying to do a better job. I personally do not know of any educators who have expressed an opinion ' such as stated by Dr. Shofstall. I suppose there are some, but when Dr. Shofstall states that "many educators mistakenly feel ..." I think that this is completely wrong, does a great injustice to the education profession, creates a false impression to the public, and certainly would tend to increase the "credibility gap" and thus do a great disservice to our school districts. I think-that such a statement coming from a man in his position is indeed unfortunate. If he really believes this, I believe he is certainly out of touch with the great majority of the educators he is supposed to lead and represent in this state. IF HE DOES NOT believe what he said, he should be more careful in how he states things. If he has been misquoted by the newspapers, I apologize for my criticism. Again, I believe that he and I and most educators would agree that we need more and better and constructive parent participation in our public schools. Such negative statements,as Dr. Shofstall has made will not foster this kind of participation. JOHN K. KERR M.D., Mesa 'Smashing' View I shall thank you if, in the future, you publish letters such as Darwin Aycock's on Mondays or Tuesdays only. Coming at the end of a hard week, such a letter is just about enough to cause a professional economist to lose hold and start screaming and smashing things. Aycock goes on at some length to show that employment has actually increased with the increases in the minimum wage. Of course, that's not the whole of the question: the true point is, what would, have happened had there not been a legal minimum? And the answer to that is, undeniably, that there would have been even more employment. To prove this by statistics is not easy: a modicum of economic sophistication is required to see it. And the higher unemployment among the young men of the minority groups Aycock blames on differences in education. That, certainly, is a basis of the problem, but it is also true that the difficulty has been exacerbated and made operative through the restrictions placed on employers by the minimum wage. Without the minimum wage, it would be worthwhile to hire'these men, even if they are relatively poorly skilled. To make everyone's educational opportunities equal is difficult, perhaps impossible. Getting rid of the minimum wage laws is not. These things should be so evident that — well, when Aycock writes to inform us that the Edsel is the consumer's dream come true, please save it for Monday. LOUIS C. GASPER, Ph.D., Department of Economics, University of Arizona, Tucson Fair Swap Mesa David Milliard, Black Panther biggie, advocates a prisoner swap with North Vietnam: Black Panthers for our boys. I'll go along with that. Send them 10 for one (which should be about right) and throw in Eldridge Cleaver as a bonus, They deserve each other. BILLCULLEY, Buckeye Question How can anyone criticize the appointment of Judge Haynsworth to the U,S, Supreme Court and yet condone the presence there of William 0. Douglas? HERBERT H. DAHNKB Senator Murphy Would Deny Legal Services To The Poor By FRANK MANKIEWICZ and TOM BRADEN WASHINGTON - The House of Representatives will shortly face up to one of the basic questions asked by the Nixon administration: Is the rule of law to prevail in America, or arei we to become a country in which grievances must be fought out in the streets? At issue is an amendment to the Economic Opportunity Act, sponsored by Sen. George Murphy of California, which has passed the Senate. The Murphy amendment would permit state gov- ' ernors to veto all or any part of OEO's legal senrices to the poor. And many governors, led by Ronald Reagan of California, are waiting — consciously or not — to tell the poor that the radical vision of America is correct, that our system of justice i* for those who can afford it. * * * IN THE MORE than four years which the poverty program's legal services have been available, 1,800 OEO lawyers —most of them from the top of their law school classes and serving at personal financial sacrifice — have • represented 600,000 client* in a variety of legal matters. These include ordinary domestic matters — divorce and bankruptcy, for example — which the poor cannot ordinarily afford, but they also include es- tabljshing legal rights which are elementary and available in theory to all. For example, they have permitted migrant farm workers to enforce state sanitation standards, including requirements for toilets and wash facilities in the field. They have attacked the illegal use by large growers of wetbacks and other jllegal immigrants — knowingly hired and hidden by the 'very growers who support Senator Murphy and his amendment. | In some California counties, 20 per cent to 30 per cent of the total farm labor force is illegal. The penalty for illegal entry is deportation, but the deported often return at once, and there is no penalty against the growers for concealing them, a practice in which many indulge, thereby adding about $8 million annually to the state's welfare bill. Sure Can't Clean Up With This!' Negro Minister In Chicago May Effect Needed Change By CHARLES BARTLETT THE DEPARTMENT of Labor estimates that between 200,000 and 300,000 Mexico: farm workers enter the country illegally each year,, many of them transported by "labor contractors" who work closely with the growers. These illegal entrants are a prime source of narcotics. In behalf of the class of people — almost all poor — sprayed by pesticides in the field; the OEO lawyers are seeking an order from the Department of 'Health, Education and Welfare, outlawing the use of DDT. It is backed by 'scientific studies on animals. They have protested the use of compulsory lie-detector tests to determine paternity — one of a number of intimidating procedures used in California to keep Mexican-Americans from assistance available to others. AH of this — and most of it is .vigorous representation against what citizens of ordinary means would consider outrageous persecution — will go by the board if the Murphy amendment becomes law. It cannot help but raise the question as to whether Americans want law and order for everybody or only for those who can afford it. * * # THE BATTLE over the Murphy amendment has the dominant political and economic structure of many states — chiefly those with large agricultural interests — on one side and the American Bar Assn. on the other. Murphy and his allies, so quick to cite the ABA in other matters, choose now to ignore the association's strong support for the Legal Services Program and its specific opposition to his amendment. Murphy makes his main argument on •what he sees as the incongruity of government-paid attorneys suing governments, both state and local. But there, is ample precedent: the federal government frequently goes to court to make a state obey a federal law, and states and cities regularly oppose federal decrees and orders in antitrust and other fields. After all, Murphy's opponents will argue, if law and order is unavailable to the poor, where else but to government can they turn? CHICAGO - President Nixon holds out no visions of a brighter future for the urban poor, hut revolution is impractical, so Rev. Jesse Jackson is forging some new levers to make change happen. He is a resourceful militant, remarkably shrewd for his 27 years, and perhaps the black leader with the best claim on the mantle of Martin Luther King. He is the same blend of politician and prophet, the same mix of calculation and charisma which forced major Negro breakthroughs in the past decade. But the leadership game gets tougher as the issues grow more difficult to dramatize. Southern obdurates like "Bull" Conner are no longer available to lend steam to the black cause. Jackson is dealing with a white establishment which moves when it is pushed, and his task is to generate the push. * * * TAKE HIS relations with Mayor Richard Daley. "When we had only 10 people moving around four years ago, Daley was as cool as the Southern politicians are," Jackson observes. "Now that there are 5,000 people meeting every Saturday morning, his doors are open. But his heart hasn't changed. Politicians tend to move with what their power alternatives are." The leadership game is also complicated by the jealousies that derive from the proliferation of leaders. Jackson maintains there is enough newspaper space and TV talk shows for everyone. He says that from now on the real leader "will not be the guy who can holler the loudest or the longest but the guy who can program the most people into cooperation and program them out of competition." He sees the emphasis swinging toward elected leaders because "you can guarantee more elections than charismatic leadership." He says however that he intends to stay with the charismatic school of leadership because, while he functions somewhat like the politicians do, he needs more freedom than they enjoy. He says he doesn't even want to be mayor of Chicago. * * • * BUT JACKSON does have the politician's hunger for issues and the key to his success is his keen eye for picking issues that count plus a readiness to adopt issues which others generate. Now, for example he is planning to try to force the "free breakfast" theme of the Black Panthers upon the Chicago school system. The key element of Jackson's strategy is a focus upon Illinois as the battleground. The experience with Resurrection City disclosed that Washington wasn't the place because Americans accord it a holy status. "When you march there," says Jackson, "you're marching on sacred ground." So he works to make his breakthroughs in Chicago with confidence that they will have national echoes. Certainly this is the tone of his present negotiations with the Building Trades Council. If an agreement is reached on admitting blacks into the construction industry, a national pattern will clearly have been set. This highly articulate South Carolinian has clone extremely well in Chicago. His message to his own people is a running reminder of the injustices they have suffered, but he also dwells heavily on a theme of self-respect, so he is counted constructive by whites as well as blacks. A good-looking man who radiates considerable warmth and humor, he is not easy to reject as a hostile radical. * * * THE MOOD is likely to grow more tense as he develops Irs campaign to translate the black identity into economic power. This involves defensive tactics like boycotts and offensive tactics like imposing black ownership and management on ghetto businesses. He talks of training programs and "earn-out" purchases of companies owned by whites. This is the key to his vision for the ghettoes. But his hopes for this vision would be far brighter if President Nixon were raising a vision of his own. Jackson talks now in his Saturday meetings of the white men who speak with forked tongues and of the Southern power structure that dominates Washington. He warns his people against believing that the old hypocrisy toward the poor has faded. Jackson finds America basically uncommitted on the issues he is raising. The tide of change has slackened and this is a period in which a leader must build his hopes on small victories. As the young preacher puts it, "You do your thing and say your bit and keep things alive." Soliloquy by Hugo 16ET CRITICIZED FOR BLASTING PEACE-/tARCHERS HERE AND i CAMPUS DISSIDENTS J, THERE -TOMORROW U'LL PROBABLY BE FOR SOMEONE ELSE:.. V ... ITS SO DIFFICUIT FOR A VICE PRESIDENT TO. KNOW... ...WHO TO INSULT WEXT/ The Real Issue Over Laos By RICHARD WILSON WASHINGTON—For some weeks the White House has been disturbed by the extent and nature of information congressional investigators have learned about American supported operations in Laos. The concern is not that Congress or committees of Congress shall be kept in the dark on how American technicians and money have kept a clandestine army in the field against the Communists in Laos, but over the advantage to the enemy if such information became public accidentally or by design. In fact, however, this is probably the least of the consequences that would flow if the senatorial challenge to American policy in Laos should be sustained. The issue is whether or not the President of the United States can carry on such operations without explicit congressional approval. If he cannot, the whole structure of American policy in the past 20 years in supporting governments against Communist takeover will collapse for lack of public support. Following the appearance of CIA Director Richard Helms before Sen. Stuart Symington's subcommittee in the Senate, it was charged by Sen. J. William Fulbright that the United States is spending $150 million annually to support and transport a clandestine army of 36,000 in Laos. Senator Fulbright described this activity as "most unusual and irregular, if not unconstitutional." * * * SENATOR FULBRIGHT is quite right about one thing. Neither Congress nor the American public has been frankly informed of the nature of American support for Laotian forces in fighting the Pathet Lao insurgency and the North Vietnamese incursion. Secretary of State William Rogers put on an air of injured innocence in saying that he thought Congress was familiar with what the United States has been doing there. He said "operations" in Laos were begun by the Kennedy administration and continued by both the Johnson and Nixon administrations. However, as late as two weeks ago when Laotian Premier Souvanna Phou- ma was in Washington he dissembled with elaborate Asiatic grace and patience in making it appear that American combat troops in Laos were nonexistent and American battlefield support negligible. "The largest foreign contingent in Laos is French," Souvanna Phouma blandly replied to questions on the number of American personnel there. He admitted that some American personnel was necessary to service American equipment. Throughout the whole public discussion on American involvement in Laos frankness has been the main American casualty. If we have lost few men we have lost a great deal of the truth. * * * THIS IS UNFORTUNATE because the Nixon administration will now be compelled to defend and carry on the policy in Laos in a growing atmosphere of criticism and distrust. His policy is based not only on the withdrawal of all foreign forces from South Vietnam but from Laos and Cambodia as well. Without training, support and direction the clandestine army in Laos would have no hope of ejecting the North Vietnamese and probably would be unable to put down the Pathet Lao. A Vietnam cease-fire or settlement could rapidly collapse if the Communists remained in position in Laos and Cambodia ready for quick strikes once American ground forces had been totally withdrawn. The challenge to Nixon's policy in Laos, therefore, is as vital as the chai- lenge to his policy in Vietnam. If, under congressional and public pressure, the Kennedy-Johnson-Nixon policy in Laos- were abandoned the United States may as well give up any thought of influencing the course of events in all of Southeast Asia. * * * THIS IS WHAT the opponents of the Vietnam War basically want and they make it clear by their attack on even indirect support, not involving ground t forces, for the Laotian government, . They would deny to President Nixon the i authority to keep training and support j forces in Vietnam when the ' withdrawal is completed.