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SSUJE TWENTY—THE MORNING AVALANCHE Lubfeock, Texcis, Friday, February 20, 1942 *- l *^"*' •*»' *• *^VI •y*»»*'*^gmii»i i i *• •^•^•ogT* «^t '•^•^••^•'^•^^••^•••^•••^••••••••••••••n DIM 4343 For The Avalanche-Journal Offices MORNING AVALANCHE '',; ; : ., "Btsi-tj The Day Oa Ibi, South Plains" •'• Published e*ery morning exceft Suudny and Monday and con- soVxiated on Sundiy morning only in the Sunday Avalanche•:> Journal Sy th» Avalanche-Journal publishing Company, Inc., 1211 2Vxr.fi Avenue. -"•'. "-, SUBSCRIPTION RATFt iEy mall.only: Ont year $5.95,-six months JJ.16, thj-ee months 13,00 end oaf month 70c. - By ';:Tier only: Per month 75c; Combination Avaiancne and Joumai tl.25 per month. CHAS. A. omr ,^sp?f_ PABKER y. pnorry Editor and Publisher '^sSt^ General Macj.ger (,'has. W. RatltH, Managing Editor It li not 'Ji» iKteotioa to CZEC reflection upon the character of anyone knowingly,- and 11 through error we should, the management will appreciate having our attention called to eame and will gladly correct any erroneoua statement trade. An Independent Democratic riewspiper supporting In Us editorial columns the principles which it believes to be right and opposing those Questions which it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics publishing the news fairly and Ircpar- Believe It Or Not-By Robert Ripiey tially at all times. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRES3 Thi A:£s;!ated Press is exclusively enti:led to the use for publication of si' news dispatches credited to it. or not o'herwlBe credited in this paper, and also the local news published herein. Entered as Second-Clasi "ill Matter at the Poitolfice at Lubbock, Texas, according to provisions of the Act ot Con-tress cf March s, 1879, and under the ruling o! the Postmaster-rieneral. Member of Associated Press 'fa\l l:s$ed Wire Service OUR PLEDGE pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands; One Notion, indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all. A Contrast in Holidays T WO VERY recent news stories were all the more interesting and all the more timely because of a contrast they presented. One was an Associated Press dispatch from Washington reporting the announcement by Donald M. Nelson, war production director, that holidays virtually have been abolished in essential industries "for the duration." The announcement is one that nearly all Americans will cheer. The other article, very interesting and very' informative, was from the United Press and related to the holidays that state employes of Texas observe each year and, presumably, will observe this year. As pointed out in the article, an unusual number of the holidays during 1942 fall on Monday—which means that state employes will have an unusual number of vacations' beginning when they quit work at noon on Saturdays, in accordance with custom, and J continuing until the next Tuesday morning. The article makes quite clear that the state employes of Texas are treated most generously in .the matter of holiday loafing —far more generously than are nearly all the people who have' to work for a living. The first thought that the article is likely to suggest to many taxpaying readers is that state payrolls offer the opportunity for economy at a time when the inescapable defense tax burden is almost crushing. Why not, make the state em- ployes observe the same hours, and the same holidays, that they would observe if they worked for themselves, or in private . employment? Such a plan, surely would mean fewer people on the state payroll. If that plan is too drastic, .why not do this: When state employes are called into the military or other essential war service, whenever possible compel those who remain on the payroll to absorb the .work without hiring replacements? Such a plan should be entirely practical by eliminating some of the holidays without requiring state employes to observe longer hours than those doing identical or similar work in private industry. The saving from such a plan should'be substantial, arid it would have added value because of the slight relief it would afford from.' other tax responsibilities. Conceivably, it could mean the lifting of some of the straws which are causing the taxpayer's back to sag dangerously. MO MINORS ALLOWED Co*" 1 * Rev. 6USTAV STEARNS CHRISTIAN FEBteER NATIVE OF DENMARK , WAS THE ONLY SOLDIER WHO TOOK PART IN EVERV IMPORTANT BATTLE of iwe REVOLUTIONARY WAR,FROM BUNKER HILLtoYORKTOWN MARRIED 1500 COUPLES nt 'SUCCESSION The Naliona! Whirligig The News Behind The News WASHINGTON . Ey Ray Tucker rpHE war press censorship setup at the capital may J- undergo a thorough overhauling as a result of experiences during the first few months of its operation. The system admittedly needs more central direction and a more specific set 01 rules and regulations. So far you-can't-print-that restrictions have produced few serious hardships on working reporters at this! world center of front-page History. Newspaper men know in a general v:ay what they should not publish and rarely clash with appointed guardians of the written word. There have teen a few instances in which officious people have blocked publication of seemingly legitimate information. They would not lev us make known that the Roberts board conducted a great portion of its hearings here—not in Honolulu. War and Navy departments officers have. misinterpreted certain com- muniques such as announcing that MacArthur had been reinforced. Some agencies release data on contracts while others withhold such details. But these occasions have been few and trivial. It is probable that the "enemy" obtains more secrets from loose tongues at cocktail parties and in hotel lobbies than from the newspapers. Worst difficulty lies in the fact that there is no liaison among the hundreds of departmental publicity agents (also there are endless rivalries), and no close tieup between these official news purveyors and Director Byron Price. It is a question of each man for himself, and heaven help the headline writer. There is too much groping in the dark and this low visibility may prove troublesome — or dangerous—as our participation in the conflict becomes vaster. * * * STUDIOS: Archibald P. MacLeish has turned out to be the most difficult problem child of the official household now that Mrs. Roosevelt appears on her way to semi-retirement. The Coordinator o£ Facts and Figures, unlike Price, does not suffer from a modesty complex. FDR's fair-haired poet is tangling with cabinet members, congressmen and radio interests. To rattle the United States out o£ its complacency, he suggested a "This is War" program to be carried by the four networks on Saturday nights. The writing of the script was entrusted to Norman Corwin under the supervision of MacLeish. The original manuscript was interlined with such fulsome eulogy of the New Deal's peacetime reforms, s'ocial and economic, that it was rewritten on the insistence of the actors and sponsors. , MacLeish. told the producers that he would arrange for the Chief Executive to speak at the opening of the series. But Archie arrived at the studio ideas for major changes in the scenario. He an- Side Glances—By Galbraith •o COPR. 1H2BVHEA SERVICE. IKC. T. M. RtO- tf. S. fAT. OfT. WlTriOUTMARRVlNG/lHy DIVORCED PERSON i 9f l -"i C=t.'•"=«• Simian, be. VaU ££a mcrraL EXPLANATION OF CARTOON AN-IMPORTANT SOLDIER OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Christian Febiger (1746-1796), soldier of the American Revolution, nicknamed "Old Denmark," was the only one of the American. Army of the Revolution of whom at could be said that he took part in every important engagement from Bunker Hill to Yorktown. He was a native of Denmark and nephew of the Governor of ^Saint Croix, Virgin Islands. Congress brevetted him a brigadier general, but he refused to accept a higher rank than a colonel, because he said that no merchant should ever be more than a colonel. ' • "I inspected that snooty woman's attic today, and if she'd spend as much time cleaning up there as she spends at the beauty parlor, she might not look so fresh but our fire hazard would be reduced 1" Here And There In Texas By SAMUEL HOPKINS ADAMS Copyright 1941, NEA Service. Inc. TWO DEFENDERS CHAPTER XXVIII It was then that Juddy laughed out loud. It was a queer spot for a laugh. Or was it? There was something sort of triumphant about that laugh. "I knew what it meant, and I could have laughed too. Or cried just as easy. Maurie Sears went crazy. "Good God! Juddy!" he yelled. His voice dropped to a snarl. "You dirty coward! You've got her there too save your hide." The mob heard it and there was another howl. • "That's a lie, Maurie Sears," I said. "He's got us here because he damn well can't help himself." "Mom, tool" He sort of gasped, But his thought was all for my pal. "You. can't stay there," he said, like a man praying. "You can't . . . my sweet Oliver, if you're a man you'll give her to me." Juddy said, 1; He can't. I won't go." ing it's -you that are getting me out of here. You couldn't get me out with a cable; I'd see you in hell first. But—well—you all know my little dog." I gave a yank on the leash and Dolf stuck his nose out. "I reckon I'd better take him out, as he's in a hurry. O. K. by you?" "Sure,- Mom!" By the laugh I got I knew it was going all right.. 'You get .your big dogs out of the waj*." Those bloodhounds didn't fit into my plan at all. "My little dog don't like big days." That struck them as good sense. They shut the hounds in the woodshed. I ducked back, handed the leash to Old Swobjvjammed the bonnet down over his ears, and gave him a shove. I figured that nobody in that bunch was going to interfere with a skunk who was in a hurry. I was right too. Old Swoby was good. He waved his hand and scuttled for the near- ut& -ndiiu CLUU it.utt.ieu .lur uie neax- Maurie whirled around to face est thicket. As he left the crowd the mob. It was inching forward. "Men, there are two ladies in f "lllf Vfi'JSf'P *-rn- UllKKrM- uui juan.il i ui rvuuuci F OE REASONS entirely obviously, everyone is interested'in"efforts now being bade to develop to the fullest the rubber producing potentialities along the Amazon river in Brazil. Those efforts should be continued with all the energy of which this nation is capable. They can be pursued with the assurance that, in the course of time, the Amazon belt could be made to produce all the rubber that this nation, and the world, might require. But it still is a fact that abundant rubber along the Amazon will not be the final solution of the rubber problem for this nation. The United States still would be separated by great distance from its rubber supply. The route to it would be through waters that could become extremely perilous—along a route that could become highly vulnerable. In this uncertain world of ours, the time could come when rubber on the Amazon would be as inaccessible to this nation as rubber on the moon. The bald fact is that this nation will never become self-sufficient in rubber until it produces all it needs of that product itself. That necessarily would mean rubber from plants other than rubber trees, or from synthetic sources—which is our real hope. So. while this nation must do alHt can to hasten abundant production on the Amazon, Its energies and ingenuities must not be confined to that source alone. There never will be a complete solution of our rubber problem.—^we ne\~er will be safe so far as rubber is concerned—u;atil we are capable of filling all our requirements at home, . The One Minute Sermon I Let us therefore come boldly unto the throixe of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and.find grace to help in time of need.— Hebrews 4; IS. here.' The answer ..came back quick enough. • "L,cl 'em gel out. Nobody wants to harm the gals." Doc's voice snapped. "Keep back, there. No further!" You can't hold them,' warned him. Maurie I said in Doc's ear, "Ask 'em for 10 minufes to confer on it." He passed it to Ma'urie, a'nd Maurie put it to • the crowd and reported back that they'd stand for five minutes; no more. I knew how they'd use the five minutes/ Back in the darkness a voice was Eh out ing. "Where's those fatwood torches?" I touched Old Swoby on the shoulder. "Take your coat and pants off." I told him. "Me? What for?" "Don't talk. Hurry, if you want to save your neck." I shucked my clothes and got him into them. There was some hay in "the corner to fill out the proper curves. Lucky I had on the o?d, floppy bonnet I usually wore around the camp. That would pretty well hide his face. I made him walk across the floor a couple of times to get the right gait Then I called Dolf. He figured to be the best part of the disguise, being a famous figure in the locality, and everybody knowing he was my watchdog. While I was walking Swoby I outlined what he had to do any prayed God he could do it. "U r s simple," I said. "The only question is whether you've got the guts to carry it through." "If I go," he said, "that makes safety for all here?" "Well, it might," I said. "I hope." "Then I go,' he said. "I'm .ifraid; yes. But I go." 'Atta boy!" I patted his shoulder. "Wait till I speak my lines, then walk out there like you was heard.the voice under the bonnet say, "Thanks, gents. Back in five minutes." That's what they thought they heard. Juddy and Boc nearlj threw a fit. I never told 'em tha I'd done a vaudeville turn as a ventriloquist when I was on the stage. As soon as they recoverec Doc said, "If we can hold them 10 min utes. that should give him a fai; start." 1 ' ' ' It looked like everything wa going to 'be.. O. K. Old Swoby would have ' time to reach the woods. The bloodhounds wouldn be after him this time. But I was n't too easy in the old mind when I tried to figure what would hap pen when they found the gam had slipped them. Probably that was the way i would have worked out withou trouble, if something hadn't hap pened that put them on the bloo trail again. The moon backed into a clouc I got the impression of a lot o movement going on outside. Th firing started up again. I let of the old pump-gun out the back window, by the way of warning. From what I could make out, Maurie Sears was doing his best to hold them. He called: She put o.ur her hands to him. Oh, Loren!" she said. He held out his arms. She came nto them as if she belonged there. 3ut it wasn't what she expected. He swung her out through the oor and barred it behind her. ihe turned and beat at the heavy ogs like a crazy thing until some oung chaps ran up and dragged ,er away. They looked to me like Velliver boys. O. K. We'd-hax^e ome friends in the crowd when ; came to a showdown. "That's better," Doc said. ' "I don't know, Doc," I said to iim; "Maybe you ought to have et her stay.' "I'd do the same to you'if I vere big enough," he said. Everything was so quiei outside ve could hear them calling from msh to bush. "Is he dead?" "As good as. They got him hrough the lungs." "I'd hate to be the guy that did t." "That rat Oliver done it. I seen lim draw a bead through the window." That was Bixie Groff. "Get the fatwood. We'll burn him out and string him np.'V Somewhere back a smell brush fire was lighting up. Figures gathered around it. "Come on, fellas." That was Bixie again. "What the hell we doodlin' around for? Let's get him." "Shoot that guy, Doc," I said. "I'm holding my shots," he said. He kind of laughed. "Come over here and give me a kiss, Mom, and then get out of here. You're no use to me now." What I answered him didn't take much time. "Don't be vulgar. Mom," he said and laughed again. The torches began coming then, curving through the air and land- a few hours before the time of presentation full of nounced that Mr. Roosevelt would not participate, but that he would launch things by delivering a presidential message and a speech of his own. He would not permit any time-saving revision of his address. As a result several minutes had to be chopped off the main production. Otherwise, it' was a magnificient performance! * * * DEALS: Political pressure from high places may force abandonment of the Wickard-Henderson efforts to nail down the price of rural products. Ad- ministrationites fear they may suffer a major reversal in next fall's elections unless they appease the agricultural bloc on Capitol Hill and the latter's powerful allies in the corn-wheat belt. Danger signals first flashed a red glow in Democratic eyes when Ed O'Neal, head of the American Farm Bureau Federal Federation, showed signs of quitting the Rooseveltian policies. But he has bucked Wickard's scheme of keeping levels below 110 parity through sale of Commodity Credit stocks. O'Neal unloosed his heaviest onslaught when he charged that FSA was paying poll taxes in Southern states—an indictment provoking such unhappy repercussions that the President felt it necessary to investigate and answer. The farm lobbyist's most influential state subsidiary is located in Illinois, where the first test of the popularity of Washington's handling o£ the war- will be staged. Here the Roosevelt-Knox-Marshall Field group is striving to knock off Senator C. Wayland Brooks. Below-parity distribution of federal holdings has encountered no more violent foe than Senator Scott Lucas, who will manage the anti- Brooks compaign. Scott prepared an amendment requiring Wickard to abandon his price-depressing deals, but the senator was frightened off at the last minute. Now he and his associates are whispering to certain higherups from whom Messrs. Henderson and Wickard take orders. * * * SILENCE: Mrs. JEmil Hurja had the tight-lipped Scotsman Douglas MacKeachie as her dinner partner not so long ago. Although an entertaining conversationalist, the wife of the Democrats' erstwhile wizard found the war-time purchasing agent as uncommunicative as the late Calvin Coolidge. "His silence fascinates me," she commented later. It may be an ideal virtue in a man who handles billions of dollars annually. NEW YORK By Albert N.-Leman H AD unwary Americans read — and heeded — a thin, paper-covered booklet, "containing Japanese military secrets unearthed by Peking and circulated here by the Chinese in 1927, there would have been no Pearl Harbor shambles nor a MacArthur tortured in the green hel!s of Bataan. This was the portentous Tanaka Memorial, whose dread "handwriting on the wall" should have been engraved on the minds of everyone entrusted with our safety, from the government down to the lowliest gob on a Navy Yard tug. Prepared by the Nipponese prime minister as a confidential message to his emperor, it calmly announced, "We must crush the United States." Worse than that, the program detailed minutely with facts and figures how his country could—and | must—seize Manchuria, invade China, outmaneuver y^ t c\ 11* H ri I *^ust—seize Manchuria, invade China, outmaneuver dew "and"! dousedTt wUhVpall Ku4ssia » topple the East Indies, and destroy our of water. Another one, near the I natl ™- ". ls heart-stabbing to realize that every By GORDON SHEARER United Press Correspondent A UST1N, Feb. 19. (U.PJ — wash•"- ington's birthday falls on Sunday this year so there is joy in the hearts of employes of state departments. ' When a day recognized as a state holiday falls on Sunday the departments observe the Monday following it. That gives the workers time off from noon Saturday until Tuesday morning. The year as a whole is a happy one for state employes in regard to holidays. It is the year for state primary elections both on Saturdays, and departments get election days as holidays to go home and vote. General' election day in every, year falls bn Tuesday. Most of the other state-established holidays fall on weekends, providing long vacation hours. March 2, next recognized state holiday after Washington's birthday, is Texas Independence Day. It wiH Jail on Monday this year. • San Jacinto Day, anniversary of the battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836. falls on Tuesday this year and the observance ; of the birthday of President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy falls on Wednesday. But the other holidays through the year, almost without exception, fall at weekend . or on Monday. National Independence Day^ July 4, obligingly falls on Saturday so state employes will have time to go to Galveston, Corpus Christi or other, gulf resorts for the weekend. Labor Day of course falls on Monday as it is designated the first Monday in September. Thanksgiving Day comes on Thursday, but Columbus Day, another state holiday, Oct. 12, falls on Monday and provides a 2'/2 day rest. Armistice Day, Nov. 11, comes in midweek. Christmas will fall on Friday but the state vacation period at Christmas-New Years generally is combined and employes will probably not have to return to work until Monday, Jan. 4, 1943. * * « Everybody's Running _ Expected entrance of Sen. ired Iviauriiz u£ GanatJo into the race for lieutenant governor would make the contest extend to all points of the comnass with senatorial entrants. West Texas has a Candidate in Sen. John Lee Smith of Throckmorton. East Texas witnessed the entry recently of Sen. Harold Beck of Texarkana and Sen. Vernon Lemens of Waxahachic provides a candidate from North Texas. Mauritz lives in South Texas. He will make up his mind March 1, his daughter's birthday. Former Rep. A. E. Harding of Fort Worth has announced that he too will run for lieutenant governor. * * * A T .ONE time it was popular 1o -"- defer announcements'of candidacy in Texas until San Jacinto Day, April 21. Former Gov. James Stephen Hogg, first native Texan to become governor, established a new custom by remarking that tha proper time to announce for office is, "when the dogwood blooms." He referred to the gorgeous floral display in East Texas in the early spring. This year most of the "ins" have not waited that long. Gov. Coke R. Stevenson was asked if he 'was going to wait for the dogwood and replied he thought everybody already knew he was" going to be a candidate. » * * Racket Is Uncovered Entry into a. state hospital for the insane has become so difficult because of lack of ac- comodations that a physician . was convicted in East Texas of swindling a woman by obtaining a S100 fee to get her husband in Rush State hospital. The physician denied the charge and said the money was for other professional services, but unless the Court of Criminal Appeals reconsiders, he will have to serve two years for swindling. ] Additions to stale insane hospitals were postponed by one administration in an econ- > omy drive. The last legisla- ; ture made appropriations for '•. a hospital building program : but before the plans' were ; made war needs cut off sup- i plies. An application for pri- i ority on the state hospital - neeo's has been sent to Wash- • ington. 1 • » * pvFFICIALS warn that there 13 \J no entrance for getting into a state hospital for mental cases except a §1 vaccination fee if the patient has not been vaccinated before coming to the hospital. There are three ways to get in and all are contingent on the hospital having room to receive another patient. These are: 1—Admittance through voluntary application of the patient. 2—By a 90-day commitment upon affidavit of two physicians. This is for'observation purposes. 3—Upon a judgment of insanity enfered by a court. A recent check made by the slate board of control shows that the number of insane in jail waiting entry to a hospital has been reduced from 708 to 375. Of those now on the waiting last, 59 are women and Weaver Baker, chaip man of the board, said a speci effort is being made to admit al women patients. Buy A Defense Bond TODAY! "Mom! Juddy! Are you coming out?" Juddy didn't answer. Maurie was hurrying up and down, now, trying to be everywhere at once. There were scattering shots again. I couldn't see him now. Somebody yelled. "My God! They've got Sears!" "Who did it?" "One of those rats in there." fc * ft The low mutter went through the crowd and got deeper and savager, like nothing human. It went down my spine like dripping ice. I knew then it was life-and- I death now for Doc anyway, if they corner,. I couldn't reach. Smoke began to come up. Those brave, bloodthirsty lynch- ers weren't taking any chances with their precious hides. They ware possum hunters; burn 'cm out and pop 'em down. The smoke was thickening when I heard the prettiest music that ever blessed my old ears. It was the police siren. Two cars came in on the high jump and four husky young cops tumbled out. (To Be Continued) m a hurry but not too much ol a I thought ha fired the shot.' So did hurry. Beat it for the woods." he know, I guess. I opened the door and stuck cut my head with the bonnet on it. The crowd gave me a hand. "It's Mom Baumer! I person." "Howdy, Mom." "Alake mine a pork barbecue with cav.-fee." I flapped my hand for silence. "Say, you fellas." "Say it, Mom." "I suppose you birds are Uunk- A bunch of them came out of cover and carried something toward the house. Doc cpened the door enough for a look-see. Nobody was coming our way. Doc said, "Judy!" She went over to him. '•This may seem a queer time to say it. But I don't want you to think that I cheated you." Handicapped Boy Is Winner Of Award LONDON, Feb. 19. (U.*S — Although infantile paralysis and serious illnesses have handicapped Michael Benson Cooper, a 15-year- old British Boy Scout, he has proved himself worthy of Scouting tradition. He passed aU his tests for first- class scout, includir.g a three-mile hike, made on a.tricycle, and a 50-yard swim, made after he was wheeled to the pool in an invalid chair. For his courage and determination he was awarded the Cornwall Decoration, the Scout's V.C. To save coal. local railways operating out of Budapest, Hungary, will be electrified for about 100 miies. Buy A Defense Bond TODAYl step in this official clear-cut road map of aggression—except the last—has been carried out exactly as proposed 15 years ago. The whole plot given away in advance and we such unparalleled dupes as not to have taken advantage of it. Immediately upon publication Tokyo branded the exposure as a fake. Naturally. And Little Red Riding Hood America took Japan's word without checking up. As soon as Nippon was certan that we were bamboozled, it continued to complete the various assignments which already had been foretold. Even then we suspected nothing. Now the documents have been reprinted in book form under the title "Japan's dresrn of World Empire," by | Harper & Brothers. It should be compulsory reading for alt those who still whine that "the Japs sneaked up on us without any warning." * * * FURY: Dr. Goebbels continues to pound the microphone with explanations that the German withdrawal on the Russian front is only a strategic retreat in or'Jer to get set for the spring offensive. Quite a number of realistic military experts in Alii*! countries fear he is right. The cautious Nazi high command, however, is taking no chances. Neutral sources report that Hitler's generals are completing a defensive area along the Vistula river which will be as powerful as the Maginot and Siegfried lines. A strip five miles wide and 500 miles long, stalling no-th of Warsaw and continuing past Cracow has been ingeniously equipped with every known modern protective; device. Demolition squads of over 500,000 men are tearing down all dwellings and factories in the zone and the military is driving out the despoiled Poles even though it is still the dead of winter. (Copyright, McChire Newspaper Syndicated Too much food for thought these uays is served in pre-digested form. Funny Business 'We'll have to make it snappy, madam! This is an u:e cube-r-I lost my crystal ball I"