The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas on September 5, 1918 · Page 1
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September 5, 1918

The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas · Page 1

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Thursday, September 5, 1918
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» » « * *•« * i »•*••*• ' tHt'NfWill A. • * MtMttKH 0* tHt • * ASSOClAffeO PftEl* * WHICH 19 THE BMt » i t i it tn tt i i I I It 5WS. li»lilliiliiii>< * tH6 NEWS HAS tHt • « LARGEST ClftCULAtfON * * OP THE PAPERS it* • * CENTRAL KANSAS * * »•«••••«•»»•••• VOL. XXXIV. UltfcmtfKON, KANSAS. lliURSBAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1918. LAST EDITION NO. 17. In Full Retreat From the Americans and the French Between the Vesle and the Aisne Rivers. ALSO A BIG RETIREMENT FARTHER NORTH l : rench Driving the Enemy Backward on Sector North of Noyon. British About Ready to Knock at the Gates of Cambral—Gains in i-landers. (By The Asoclatcd Press.) The British after their victor- Iras drive through the Hlnden- burg defenses are knocking at the gates of Cambral but apparently are momentarily pausing before attempting to force an entrance. Prisonorsto the number of more „ than 16,0C0 and guns exceeding 100 In number have been taken by them In this advance, ' Meanwhile the center of great- e9t activity has shifted to the Franco-American, front where the Germans are In full retreat on a wide front north of the Vesle with the French and'Amerlcans In pursuit and reported as having reached the Alsne In their chase. Between these two sectors another nolable German retrograde movement Is In progress. The French pressure In the region north ami cant of Noyon has forced a German retirement on a wide front In' this sector and advances of five to seven miles have been scored by the French forces within- the past-.48 {tours,. , , ^ Near to Ham. The town of Guiscard has .' been captured and the Froncli have-. pressed-beyond until they are now." but little more than two miles from the Important road center of Ham. They are approaching Ham on both aides of the Somme and Its speedy fall seems probable. The -Germans here are apparently heading back for the St. Quehtlu-LeFerc line. Between (he Allette and" the Alsne the French also are gaining ground. They have crossed the Alsne ut acv- eraJ points northeast of|Soiasons and have token the town of Mlssy-Sur- Alane on the north bank, whore ihey wore already In possession of Uucy- he -Long. Farther north on this front they have takon, the towns of Brayo unU Clumeey. Tho Franco-American operation on tho Veslo front has been ' oxtendod further eu«tward, toward Hhelms, and new crossings havo been effected on the two and one-half mile front between S 'entraux and Jonohcry, seven miles west of Hhelms. In Flanders. In the north the OonuaiiR are continuing to move backward along the Flanders front. The British are accelerating the retirement by sharp attacks, in one of which they captured the village of Ploegstoert. They- have regained their April line on the southern part of this front, from Neuve Chapolle to Givonchy and have even pushed beyond it in spots to the eastward of Glvencliy. Cling to fiVseelnes Ridge, The Germans are still clinging to thu Messtaes ridgo, the highest ground of this sector but from the uiannor in which Ihey. aro being forced back further south it seems doubtful if they" will bo able to hold it much longer. • On tho Iioual-Canibral front and immediately to tho south the enemy gives HignB of stiffening resistance, but nevertheless the British have movod further «h'ea4 at Various points. Their most notable, gain was southeast of Berlincourt, where tliey took additional Germans 1 east of the Canal l)u Nord and captured NeuvllleDour jonval. The Germans made an effort to dislodge Field Marshal Halg's forces from their position along the canal, woBt of Cambral, attacking at inchy Kn Artols. They were repulsed, however us they also wero further south in an attack east of Mannncourt, •i' <i> 4>**"i>*<fc*<$><5- * '-...'. <*• AMERICANS ADVANCING. * •i> ' ' ' * v <i> & <S> <$» 3> •$><$> 3> iBy The Associated Press.) With tho American forces north of the Vesle Uiver, Sept. 5.-^-Vio!eul explosions were heard along the line this morning, Observers reported that they believed ipe, Gormaua were destroying their ammunition dumps. Au aviator reported a terrific explosion ut 9 o'clock at ViliersEn- •1'rayeres on the south bank of !ue tiier Alsne, directly north of PtstueB, Other explosions took place /a the .unt region during, tho mornloj. The 9ermin» Cjon«. Uu'ioclios and Flsmetfe were QCCU.- • pied by thu Americana during the night. Those towps had been » VHCW- »ied I)yaitt6= l .aewa,a» < »,vyp4y, *a/o-of (f THE WAR SITUATION^ ^ THIS MORNING ^J) (By The Asociated Press.) The Germans have begun a general retreat from the Vesle river between Solssons and - Rhelms. General Mangln has, advanced his lines to the edge of the plateau from Vauxcere to Baslleux to a position on the north dominating the Alsne and .the Chemln Des Dames. American patrols confirm reports that the enemy has removed his store* and . supplies and additional territory In this sector Is expected to be taken with little more than rear guard opposition. Elsewhere along the battle front from Hhelms to Vpres tho German retreat continues, heavy gains having been made by the French who are advancing In the direction of Hnm after taking Guiscard. Overcoming strong resistance General Humbort's army broke "the lino and advanced in this section from 4 to 7 miles on a line from Mont St. Simeon to the Canal du Nord. Fighting Hard. The concentration of German troops on the wide front before Cambral has served to slow down the British ad- vanro in this section appreciably although some progress Is being made, increased German artillery fire is reported all along the British lines. Here the Germans bad the advantage of the defenses formed by the Canal du N'ord and the HIndenburg line, both of which the British have entered at various points. Also the strain of tho long offensive may tiave caused the British to halt temporarily to give the men mudi needed rest. • WhileJthe situation in Hid, north shows thafc'the1 Allies are fast driving the enemy to a territory loss susceptl-: bio of defense and approaching their objectives at Lille, Amiontleres and Cambral, tin; Franco-American forces ion tho southern end of the battle front have reached a stage in their forward movement as to menace the German occupation of the territory north of the Alsne. three wouTided men who had been abandoned being found. Virtually no opposition was encountered. Aerial and other observers reported that there was every indication that the main body of Germans had retired across the Alsno. The American forces following up the German retreat from the Veslo moved steadily over the plateau between tho Vesle'and the Alsne today and by noon their advanced eloments hud filtered into the slopes on jhe northern side of the plateau. <S>. ,• WITH BRITISH ARMY, • • Bulletin, With the'Brltlsh Armies in France, Sept. 5,—(By the Associated. Press.) —(Noon)—South of tho River Scarpo a large portion of the Gorman line is being readjusted. •", • Southeast of Moeuvres several thousand yards of the old Hlnden-, burg front lines have been cleaned up. and now are In possession of the British, British troopB who r- yesterday crossed the lower' end of the Canal du Nord and the TortiUo river drovo into the east and then to the north. They pushed forward in the direction of that part of the canal where the enemy Is in Btrougth, after it turns to the east and tho north again at Haverincourt wood. i> $• $ <$• •$» <$> ^ ^ ... • <v 'BRITISH. STATEMENT, « !*';.••• . <s London, Sept 5.—-Marked pro. gross was. made by the British last night along the Flanders front, according to today's war office report. Ploegsteert villago has been captured, at has Hill 63, southwest of Messlnes. On the Lys front the British hold the general ilne of Voormezeele, Wulver- ghem. JHoegsteert, Nleppc, l«aventie and Givenchy. t From Neuve' Chappie southward to Givonchy the British-have reached I ho line they held up, to the German attack on April 9 last while to the eastward of Givenchy sections of the old German positions Uaye been taken. An Improvement, On the battle Hue in front of Cam­ bral an improvement In the British jipsttlon south of Moeuvres is reported. The lHisitlona tq the east of Her- inles. near (Ue.Oaoal du Nord Just to Ihn aouth also have been improved. Still further Willi the BrlUsU bitve captured the village of NeuvU)B-Pour? Juval east of the Canol du Nord. 'More than 16,000 . prisoners and BEANS SAVE WHEAT AND WHEAT SAVES SOtDlEUS AND SAILORS BIG WAGE INCREASE Railroad Workers Are to'Get$25 a Month Additional. Q0ES TO LESS- PAID PEOPLE Many of Them Now Working for $25 a Month —Eight Hours Basis for Work. Washington, Sept. 5.—Nearly a million "railroad employes, including clerks, traok laborers, 'and maintenance of way men aro to receive wage Increases of (25 a month, the equivalent of pno dollar a day or twelve cents an hour, over the pay they received last January J , under a wage order Issued by Director General McAdoo. Advances are effective as of September 1. This order arfectlng half of the railroad men in the United States and adding approximately 1150,000,000 to the annuul payroll in calculations of labor representatives, -represents the second largest, aggregate •• wage increase ever granted in Arporlcan industrial history, it Is supplementary to the general railroad wage order issued nearly four months ago, provtd. ing for about $300,000,000 luciuases and for the classes of employee affected, it supplants provisions of thai order, : '" • A Big Increase, Most of the. employes covered by the new order have made considerably jess than tl'DO a Month, and the voluntary Increase was decided on by Ihn director general after investigation by his advisory board of railroad vuises and working conditions of tho pay of men, doing similar work in other in dtistrios. The order specified that eight hours is to bo considered the basic day but overtime up to ten hours is to be paid pro-rata, writh one-and ono half the regular rate for over time past the ten hours. Specific rules aro laid down for tho projnotlon of omployes , on grounds of merit and seniority. Other regulations forbidding dismissal of employes without cause, and providing j for hearing on appeal .resemble the rules now in effect under government control. The restrictio.n will affect mainly tho half million railway clerka, Wemen 8»me Pay, Thousands of women clerks employed, by the railroads are to receive the same pay as men for similar work but the Interpretation of "similar wprit" is left to executives. ' Back pay from January first wiU lie made under the general wage, order and 'be advance tipw graatt'd will be figured on top of the wage last January 1. rather tban oil the pay received In the immediate past under the general wa^o Increase. Minimum r»(e» of -pay are established for all classes covered by today's order but .tap inweBJjps of |M a. inooth, apD|l»d U the employe VtVlCjad: a'u ft monthly • •• i . or weekly basis, an4ip| 12 cents an | hour, applied if the ifeJnploye worked | by the hour,' in lu'any'Sases will run tho actual now rate'above the minimum. - i j f> <i- • <$• • -S> 4> 4> $ <S> * <t> * <S> <^ •" . " ' - <*>• .*' PRAISE FOR'TEXANS." * W ^VV* * * * *' 1 Paris,. Sept. 6.- M lApCHi«rte under- tho heading, "A Jleroic Charge,' pays tribute to the Americans. It says: "The taking of Terny-Sorny by tho Americana was a particularly brilliant operation executed by our Allies with wonderful dash. The unit Which made this stroke had never been under fire,' having passed only a few weeks in a comparatively calm Sector, but on its debut it hurled itself against a division of Imperial guards and beat it. "These sturdy youths from Texas, nabituted to prairie life, tracked the Bocho'like wild beasts; they swept villages and nests of muchine gunners and charged with bayonets as batteries of 105's killing those serving the battery and capturing the guns. "Twice an officer of the French general staff had to interfere to modify their ardor, fearing that they might overstep the mark. Even the French zouaves, who aro an embodiment of our * afign.-ssive ^ h ,,uiie, were astonished at such daring." Grow Own Tobacco. New York, Sept. 5.—Because of the dearth and high prices of tobacco in Germany,-the inhabitants of large cities hav^ begun to grow their own tobacco, says Berlin Tagcblntt. WEATHER REPORT.' First National Building, Temperature at {\uon lis. Tomperature Laat 24 Hours. 4,1'. M...... 63 | i A. SI ,-,E2 C P,M ....60 I 6 A. M i>2 8 P. M 68 ( If A. M 51 VI P. hi U I 10 A. M 5li 12 MUinlKht 64 12 Noon K! IA.M 63 ) 3 P. M.... S;t Maximum, G'J; Minimum. 52. WEATHER FORECAST. Kansas—Cloudy to partly cloudy and continued cool tonight; Friday fair and warrsw. AMERICANS ADVANCING rhey Are Pushing the Germans Away from the Vesle. MADE GOOD GAIN YESTERDAY Substantial Progress is Being Made, is Statement from Headquarters. THE T£ST OF f\ WAR CAP^E-NEr^ Ifc To BE THERE With tlie American army on the Veslo, Wednesday, Sept. 4.— (By The Associated Tress).—Americana, with tho French moving with them on their left, have advanced from the Veslo to Die edgo of tho plateau along the line from Brc-nelle, Vaux- cenvHlans'.y and Baslioux. The Germans nearest this line along which they might make a rear guard defutiBo of any consequence are opposite tho edgo of the plateau paralleling tho Aisne over which is obvious they removed their stores and heavy artillery. • , . iho advance of (he Americana in force began ul 4 o'clock this morning and patrols, one aftor another, havo been going over all day and meeting sharp resistance at some points. Back to the Alene. Aftor a month on the Vesle where thoy have boen subjected to a gentle pressure night and day by tho tightly drawn line from Soissons to Khelms, the Germans appear to be heading straight" for the Aisne and possibly for their old positions on the Chemln Des {Unities. It was not unexpected. The move was in fact because It was Inevitable. While I bo pressure from the south wus Insistent It not vigorous the onward drive north from Sola- sous on to the western end of the plateau made their position between tho two rivers practically untenable. • Substantial Progress. The oxlent to which (he retreat has gone is not mentioned officially and therefore cunuot bu told, hut It is permissible to say that substantial progress has been made by the Americans. Orders reached the American commanders before daylight to send out patrols and Investigate and their reports caused the Immediate despatch of supporiing patrols. Before nightfall a large pan of tho army which had boon camping along the Veslo was in action ou the ( slopes north of the river. And there was action, notwithstanding that Iho Germans already had taken tho initiative In tbelr withdrawal. Facing Machine Guns. Once more Iho German has Plied the tactics of a machine gun defense and the Americans have been facing theli- fire all day. In the neighborhood of llazocho* tho Americans -were advancing along the highway north of the river while a'little lo the east ihey wero south oS the river. Bezouhes and Fismette have been disputed possessions since the Hues closed early lo August and It the begtaBtne of ojiemllojas • too>y READING IN SPEECH TO THE AMERICANS British Ambassador to the United States Spent Time on the Lines on West Front. PRAISED AMERICA FOR PART IN THE WAR Me Returned to the States. Said the Entrance of America In* to the War Sealed the Pate of the Germans. were held by the Germans. Tho I a^«r^n ,1 uar ^rburadva^ I Wanted to See the Troops Before along the river in points where crossings had been decided upon. Smoke arising irom behind the German lines lias been observed for the past two or three days. Crossing the River. The troops crossed tho Vesle In three ways—on the bridges which held against' the German guns and air bombs, on the trunks of trees felled as stibstitutiM for bridgeB, and by alternately wading and swimming. Although characterized us patrols the aggregate ot troops sent across during the day was nullo large enough to hold the advantage gained. • For a few hundred yards north of the Veslo there is a succession of slopes cut by ravines, extending down to the river, it was up these slopes and not by way of the ravines that the Americans worked their way. Every ruvine and other depression was avoided for the Germans had filled these with gas. While the advancing troops were able tor the .most part to dodge the gits, they wero not able to escape altogether the machine gun fire. A Searching Attack. Early in the day the American artillery had begun a bnmbardment that not only reached iho hills beyond the rlvor but also searched closely the positions just In advance of the patrols. It failed, however to bring such a response as might have been expected if file Germans had been holding their positions. Tho subsequent developments seemed to prove that tho enemy already had moved back all his heavier guns and peruups all or nearly all of even his lighter guns, for the artillery reply appeared to bo confined to guna fired from positions near the Alsne and beyond Uxo river. Many Gun Nests. U'bo-resistance the Americans encountered was ' from machine guns and airplanes. Almost every cover on virtually every slope sneltered a machine gun nest, the operators of •which unsuccessfully endeavored lo check the advance. The densest .concentration was along the ridges north of Nazouhes and Flsmetto and in at least two instances desperate efforla were made to hold back the thin lino of the advancing forces. The Americans rushed Die machine guns only in exceptional cases. More freduently Ihey worked around tho nests uulll they hud the Germans at a. disadvantage, the artillery In some cases doing the work for. the infantrymen. The Fires. Reports ibat the Germans wero burning villages and farm bouses havo not been generally accepted, the smoke clouds seen being attributed, to destruction of ammunition by the Allied shells In some instances and In more numerous cases to burning of supplies that It was Impossible to remove and the burning of temporary buildings. Every yard tho French and Americana advaucod was noted by the enemy aviators. Tho airmen repeatedly bombed the Americans and let loose their tnacnine guns while flying low. The light forces advancing however were never more than temporarily checked. | Tho spirit of the men had been | unimpaired by tue long hammering 1 tney have had on the Vesle line. Tho day closed with men and off leers hopeful of finishing their pursuit job on tho morrow, HERTLING 18 FEARFUL, Amsterdam, Sept, 5.—In speaking to the constitutional committee of the Prussian upper house to fulfill the emperor's pledge for reform of the franchise, Chancel. ' lor Von Hertllng said that, In his conviction, with this serious question the protection and preservation of the crown and the dynasty is at stake.'' TWO WERE KILLED. This Was When Soldier Train Rolled Into Ditch.. Chickiulia, Okia., Sept. 5.—Two men were killed and forty wero reported Injured when tli£ coaches of south- I bound Rock Island train No. 11 left i the rails and went into a ditch at ^.'M j this morning between Duncan anil | Comanche, Okla., south of this city. A relief train left" Chickasha for With the Amerlca/i Army In France, Wednesday, Sept. 4.— (By the Associated Press.)—Lord Reading, British ambassador to the United States, addressed tho American soldiers who took *Juvlgny, In a dugout within sound of the guns on Wednesday afternoon, bringing assurances to the soldiers that the people of the United States were with them and proud of their achievements. This Is said to be the first time that any ambassador ever addressed troops at the front. A Plain Speech. I-ord Heading said he doubted li Germany realized what America's entrance into the war mean!. lie said Unit when Great Britain and France really stood in need of help America stepped Into the war, determined to see It through to the end. His speech will be translated Into French tor distribution among i ho French troops, JIH an audience Lord Heading had an American general, Ills staff and a large number ut men. Praised American Effort. In his address he said: "I am glad to be here. When I came to France I made up my mind I would not return In the l.'nlted Stalej* without seeing you, so that when I got back 1 could tell them all about what,yon have and what you are doing. These words ot mine can express my feelings and the feelings of the British and French troops lo have you over here fighting for the greut. cause—the greatest for which heroes fought in the world's history. It is magnificent. You have como three thousand miles; you are ready to risk your lives and you are fighting for an ideal, the highest Ideal of • man—an ideal of justice and liberty. "1 doubt If yourselves know what your presence hero means. I doubt if you know what your presence bus done to encourage the British anil French troops. From the lime your president said you were to be sent over as fast as ships could cany you thero has been no holding buck. The submarine has not held you back. The Anawer to Germany, "1 had tho pleasure of !ravelin;; with several thousand American troops recently and I know what it means. That is the answer which America has Riven to Germany. "I doubt again very much If Germany knew what America's entry Inlo the war would mean. If she even had Imagined whut It would mean to hnvj America fighting she would not have flouted you as sho did. nor would she have scoffed ut you after you lnd entered the war. Look at the Map, '"You havo only to look it Hie man to see what America Is doing. Hit therj! Is something more than your own achievements, there is Die liixnii nllon which your presence affords t<> the British and French fighting >.ltl, you to reclaim the devastated lijmr .i of Franco. You are helping to do ih!* and more vital than the effort -.A any imlividual, even of the general til your division Is the fuel 'hut It is lb.- spirit of Amerlcu that has onter» 1 I he fl,?ht. The spirit of America la with u. - , ihe support of all Americans, who «i'li all British and French ure de'.crn.im d to light to the end to make this i b.-Her world for all lover* of |rui<a>. free dom. America and Liberty. "When the history of ti:i .t. war cornea to ',«.* written 1 am sure u will be Hald that when the American troops began to pour into France by lln> hundreds of thousands and to take Hurt In the great siriigglo a change eanie In th'i situation; that then Uher- the seen* of the accident ut six o'clock! t y eume nearer with every aJvunelm- this morning. The dead and injured movement of your troops, are on their way to this city. j -The British am advauelnK. as >.'si The coaches ol the train were tilled I French are advancing nut we sUul : with drafted soldiers from Kansas and| never forget, either in my country or northern Oulahonia. 'file three rear i in France, what has been done bv coaches were ol' wood and were badly; America. When we reallv blond ia ic srcaahed and splintered by the roll !» need of Hi • help you have givwi down tho embankment. None of the remaiuder ol the train left -the (rack. Tbn names of the dead-and injured are not yel available. BASEBALL, The 91m* wJil be played In Chi- c*flo this ji/jerndon, beglnnlna at 3;30 0 'clor.fc. , , fc , America (•unit. for*ard tj take le- pjiri -n tuoit prominent purl in ih- siruuitla. There was no other Id*' in your n'.lnds. You came in with r selfish inteiejii, with aVulut*ly no d wire to coiifjuer, but luliy eottfi I- that is was necessary for the good 1 humanity and for (he good of th- •',.. (CojiUaui-d on Fas* ii.)

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