Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on November 4, 1969 · Page 6
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 6

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Tuesday, November 4, 1969
Page 6
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REPUBLIC BULLDOG 2 The Arizona Republic Plioenbf, Toes., Nov. 4, 1969 Lebanon, guerrillas reach accord over forays into Israel Associated Press Arab guerrillas and Lebanon announced a settlement yesterday of their violent dispute over guerrilla forays into Israel from Lebanon. A communique Issued after a seven-hour bargaining session in Cairo said both sides agreed on all issues in their discussions. Details were kept secret. The joint statement asserted: "Bound by brotherly ties and common destiny, we assure that relations between Lebanon and the Palestinian revolution should be characterized with confidence, frankness and 1 positive cooperation that would guarantee Lebanon's sovereignty, Palestinian interests and the goals of the entire Arab nation." The agreement came on the heels of a cease-fire that called a halt to two weeks of fighting between the Lebanese army and the guerrillas in which 100 persons were killed and hundreds were wounded. Arab guerrillas blew up a Seoul greets Apollo team United Press International SEOUL-Tens of thousands of Korean men, women and children waving American and Korean flags lined the streets of Seoul yesterday to welcome the Apollo 11 astronauts. For moon men. Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin it was a sentimental return to the Asian country where they once fought against the Communists. The two Korean war veterans and fellow astronaut Michael Collins flew here from Australia via Guam with their families on the next-to-last leg of their round-the-world goodwill tour. "WE ABE NO strangers to this country, for Aldrin and myself served here years ago," Armstrong said. "We are extremely pleased to be returning, this time on a mission of peace." The astronauts were met at Kimpo International Airport by Shim Bum-Shik, Korean minister of culture and public information, and about 500 Korean students and American residents. Following the airport ceremonies, the astronauts and their families rode in open cars in to Seoul from another formal welcome by Mayor Kin Hyon-ok at city hall. After being presented with keys to the city by the mayor, the astronauts paid a courtesy call on President Park Cnung-hee. The astronauts are scheduled to leave today for Tokyo, the last stop on the tour which has taken them to more than a score of countries on every continent. section of the American- owned Transarabian oil pipeline in southern Lebanon a half-hour after the cease-fire went into effect at midnight Sunday, but, otherwise, Lebanon was calm. Yasir Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Fatah guerrilla movement, and Gen. Emile Bustani, Lebanon's army commander, had been conferring in Cairo with Egypt's President Gamal Abdel Nasser in an effort to work out a settlement. Soon after the agreement was announced, Beirut radio reported a further easing of the curfew clamped with varying severity on Beirut and other cities since the fighting started. Rival forces on the rocky ridges and steep ravines of 9,000-foot Mt. Hermon in southeast Lebanon continued to confront each other, however. Arafat, who has perhaps 4,000 guarrillas in Lebanon, went into the talks demanding full freedom to use that country as a springboard for attacks against Israel. The Lebanese government, fearing Israeli reprisals, said it would insist that the guerrillas coordinate their activities with the Lebanese army. Lebanon sent its 10,000-man army into action against the guerrillas last month when they began moving out of the desolate Arkoub region in southeastern Lebanon into more strategic positions closer to the Israeli border. Controversy over the guerrillas' presence in half Christian, half - Moslem Lebanon erupted in civil disorders last spring. Out of that episode evolved a 15-point agreement, the details of which were not disclosed. Arafat later claimed the Lebanese broke the accord. Newspapers in Beirut, the Lebanese capital, speculated yesterday that the government is ready to let the guerrillas remain in the Arkoub while permitting them occasionally to attack Israel through a corridor yet to be defined. The reports that Lebanon might offer the guerrillas a supply and attack corridor was given some credence by Iraqi Deputy Premier Saleh Mahdi Ammash who conferred 5n Beirut with Lebanese President Charles Helou. Afterward he told newsmen it .is not essential that the guerrillas maintain bases in Lebanon. "The commando base may be close to Lebanon while action against Israel is carried! out via Lebanon," he said. "The base may even be in Iraq. In this age, distance no longer is important." Ammash said' Egypt, Iraq, Libya and Sudan shared an identity of view on the Lebanese - guerrilla conflict. Significantly, he made no mention of Syria, accused by some Lebanese leaders of inciting the guerrillas. MIT acts against militants United Press International CAMBRIDGE, Mass - A Superior Court judge granted the Massachusetts Intitute of Technology a temporary restraining order yesterday to block a militant antiwar group's threatened takoyer of the administration building today. President Howard F, Johnson met in special session withe the MIT faculty and explained .reasons for seeking the court order. The faculty voted 344-43 to back the move. Judge Thomas J. Spring issued the restraining order against the November Action Coalition. An MIT spokesman said the order did not prevent ' any peaceful demonstration v, or protest. : The judge set Friday for a hearing on the restraining order, NAC leaders said last .week, when they announced 1 plans for demonstrations at MJT against the Vietnam .war, they would not be deterred In their plans by court orders, Johnson responded by • spying he would call in civil authorities to handle any attempted! takeover or disruption. fc The NAC, which includes Students for a Democratic Society, the Massachusetts Liberation Front and the Black Panther Party of Boston, said it planned to seize the administration building today. Another protest is planned at an instrumentation laboratories building, most likely building 5, where work for the multiple independenly targeted re-entry vehicle (MIR.V) missile system is conducted. The Arizona Republic Published every morning by Phoenix Newspapers, Inc. (120 East Van Buren) P.O. Box 1950 Phoenix, Ariz. 85001 271-8000 Subscription Prices Carriers or Dealers in Arizona Republic (Morn. & Sun.) 70c week Republic (Morning) 45c wk. (Circulation mail rates appear in the Classified section of each edition.) Second class postage paid at Phoenix, Ariz. Tuesday, Nov. 4, 1969 Vol. 80, No. 172 Associated Press Lebanese soldiers man command post at Rachaya overlooking the ridge held by Palestinian guerrillas 2 miles down the slope. Nixon's first budget may exeeed $200 billion despite cost cutting Associated Press WASHINGTON - President Nixon's first budget; due to reach Congress in January, will top $200 billion despite a general order to agencies calling for stringent cost cutting. There are indications that outlays in fiscal 1971 will be roughly $10 billion higher than the $192.9 - billion spending target of this fiscal year, which ends next June 30. A high administration source reported yesterday that the 1971 surplus, if there is one, probably will be considerably smaller than the $5.9 - billion black - ink margin forecast for this government year. "There is a question whether we can balance the budget — whether there will be any surplus at all — unless there are real developments in Vietnam reducing military costs," this official said privately. It was made clear, howev- er, that Nixon wants and expects to deliver a surplus in the first federal budget which is his sole responsibility. The White House fully expects the Pentagon to hold defense spending below the $77 billion now projected for this year, the source said. That figure is $4.1 billion below the Defense Department budget bequeathed to Nixon by former Preident Lyndon B. Johnson. Secretary of Defense Melvin R. Laird twice has announced cutbacks and spending stretchouts to lower the fiscal 1970 total. But an anticipated 10 per cent increase in Social Security benefits, a Nixon proposal not yet enacted but highly popular in Congress, would add $3 billion to outlays in the next fiscal year. Medicare, Medicaid and other uncontrollable social and welfare costs will bring total increases in this field to $6 billion or $8 billion, by current rough estimates. Scientist says lunar soil shows moon's earth origin United Press International DE KALB, Ill.-Analysis of the lunar soil samples supports the theory that the moon once was part of the earth and became separated in a cataclysmic tidal wave, a space scientist said yesterday. Dr. John O'Keefe of the National Aeronautics arid Space Administration said the theory would explain why both the earth's crust and the moon are deficient in precious metals and nickel and cobalt. It would also explain indications of intense heat in the moon's formation, he said. O'Keefe explained in a lecture at Northern Illinois University that iron containing nickel and cobalt is concentrated in the core of the earth, -where it settled when the planet was a molten mass. Iron and other metals associated with it are appar- said. BLINDNESS PREVALENT HYDERABAD, India (AP) — There are more than 4.8 million blind persons in this nation of 530 million, ently more evenly distributed in other celestial bodies, he "The fact that precious metals are missing on the moon suggests that the moon came out of that part of the earth that had been deprived of those precious metals and of nickel and cobalt. Therefore, the moon was produced by breaking off from the earth," he said. O'Keefe said the earth- origin theory would account for the intense heat that was once present on the moon, and for the lack of a "core" in the moon similar to that of earth. "The easiest explanation is that the moon was formed from the earth after the core of the earth had separated from the mantle," he said. O'Keefe is assistant chief in the branch of theoretical studies at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. He was guest lecturer at a meeting sponsored by graduate students and the faculty in the division of geology at NIU. The scheduled buildup of housing and other domestic programs, plus the rising cost of interest on the federal debt, will push the budget beyond the $200 billion mark even if no new or expanded programs are approved, the official said. Possible savings gained by reduced U.S. outlays in Vietnam "may help ease the difficulty of having the spending total go too far above $200 billion," he added. Bu no estimate of such savings is now available. A looming hazard is the potential spending increases which Congress may approve. These now exceed $5 billion, by official tally. It will be difficult to preserve a surplus if a substantial part of these increases become law — the supersonic jet transport, higher aid-to- education outlays, and a proposed $1.5 billion pay boost for federal employes. In such a case the administration might impound part of the funds provided by simply refusing to spend it, the Nixon aide said. On the revenue side, an increase in tax- collections beyond the fiscal 1970 total of $198.8 billion is virtually assured. The administration source declined, however, to estimate the size of the increase. The outlook for revenues is clouded by the uncertainty of congressional action on the 10 per cent surtax, the proposed repeal of the 7 per cent investment tax credit, and the pending .massive tax-reform bill. If the surtax is not extended at the reduced rate of 5 per cent from Jan. 1 to June 30, and of the tax credit is not repealed, revenues will be about $4 billion less than the Treasury now is counting on, fiscal experts estimate. 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HATS from 18.95 South Korea selling won 305 to $1 New York Times Service SEOUL — South Korea virtually devalued its currency by 4.5 per cent yesterday in a move to stimulate exports. The state-run Korea exchange bank set the bank selling rate of the U.S. dollar at 305.1 won. It was 291.9 won to a dollar Saturday. REFUSING officially to call the move a devaluation, the government described it as a "realistic adjustment" under the floating exchange rate system adopted in May 1964, when the rate stood at 255 won to the dollar. Under the system, the currency exchange rate may fluctuate constantly in accordance with the exchange market conditions. But the actual rate had been long fixed at around 275 won to the dollar until late last year. It began to inch up early this year. The sharp upward adjustment to a 300-won level had been predicted after President Chung Hee Park reshuffled the cabinet in the wake of his victory in the national referendum on Oct. 17 that allowed him to run for a third term in 1971. THE NEW finance minister, Nam Duk Woo, said, upon assuming his post, that the won-dollar exchange rate should be readjusted "realistically." Deputy Premier Kim Hak Yul, concurrently the minister of economic planning, also made public a World Bank recommendation for a won devaluation to match price rises, which have averaged 10 per cent a year since 1965. Yesterday's action was designed mainly to spur exports, which have been sluggish in the last few months. SOUTH KOREA'S exports this year totaled $543 million as of the end of October, or only 77 per cent of the year's target of $700 million. The country's exporters said generally that the 4.5 per cent devaluation was still inadequate in view of a 6 per cent rise in wholesale prices and a 9.8 per cent gain in retail prices so far this year. They also pointed to the current blackmarket rate of 390 won to a dollar. To minimize an anticpated adverse unflationary effect of the devaluation, the government announced yesterday a series of tight-money measures. Firms asked to offer plans for bomber flea Washington Post Service WASHINGTON - The Air Force moved closer yesterday to development of a new supersonic bomber fleet that it now estimates could cost more than $12 billion. ' Five aircraft companies were asked to submit detailed proposals for the airframe and engine for the proposed Bl bomber, formerly called AMSA (advance manned strategic aircraft). The proposals, to be submitted by next March, could lead to contracts for engineering development of the new bomber and those, in turn, could lead to production of the aircraft, which the Air Force estimates would cost about $25 million each. In its announcement, the Air Force emphasized that none of the preliminary steps commit the government to production of the controversial bomber. Navy's Poseidon test-fires MIRV CAPE KENNEDY (UPI) The Navy's new Poseidon missile, making its 12th test flight, fired a multiple warhead (MIRV) assembly yesterday more than 1,500 miles down the Atlantic test range. The 34-foot rocket, designed to become operational aboard submarines in 1971, took off from a land firing pad with a blast of orange flame. It left a long white trail of vapor and smoke as it curved above the Atlantic and headed southeast. The missile's MIRV payload is expected to become one of the subjects of the forthcoming disarmament talks between the United States and Russia. A House foreign affiars subcommittee last month called for a halt in MIRV testing during the talks, which begin Nov. 17. Congressional opponents, who predict that the Bl will probably cost close to $50 million each, argue, however, that each modest preliminary commitment is a further foot - in - the - door that makes cancellation of the project difficult. Critics contend that, in an age of missiles, the United States should make no large investment in a new bomber. But the Pentagon has offered evidence that Russia is developing a new medium bomber, and Air Force Secretary Robert C. Seamans Jr. has told Congress that the Bl is the Air Force's "most urgent requirement." The Air Force has already spent $137 million on development of the Bl and has $30 million more available. The Nixon administration stepped up work on the bomber this year, adding $23 million to the $77.2 million requested by the Johnson administration in the current fiscal year's budget. Attempts by opponents of the bomber in the Senate to reduce the $100.2-million request were defeated. The full research program, including production of test models, will cost about $2 billion, according to the Pentagon, and the total cost of a proposed 240-plane fleet would be between $11.8 billion and $12.6 billion, wuth no allowance for inflation. Requests for proposals for the airframe were sent to North American Rockwell Corp., General Dynamics Corp. and the Boeing Co. Requests for engine proposals were sent to Pratt and Whitney Co. and General Electric Co. JAPANESE STRIKE OFF TOKYO (UPI) - A nationwide railway strike in Japan was called off yesterday after management agreed to retain 3,500 assistant engineers who were to have been transferred to other jobs as part of a staff reduction move. FILES 2-drawer from 4-drawer from grey or tan WAREHOUSE ECONOMY STORE of Wal$h Bros. Office Equipment 2835 East Washington St. 253-5125 SCOTTSDALE STORE OPEN THURSDAY 'TIL 9 Had you thought? 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