Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on November 4, 1969 · Page 5
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November 4, 1969

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 5

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Tuesday, November 4, 1969
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Phoenix weather Sunny skies today with gradual warming. High today 80-85, low 45-50. Yesterday's high 81, low 48. Humidity: high 39, low 8. Details, Page 15. 80th Year, No. 172 THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC Telephone: 271-8000 Phoenix, Arizona, Tuesday, November 4, 1969 (Four Sections, 52 Pages) BULLDOG Today's chuckle Often a man will let his wife ride the household, fearing that if she can't reign, she'll storm. e 10 cents out Nixon Associated Press WASHINGTON - President Nixon told the nation last night he has a secret timetable for withdrawing all U.S. ground combat forces from South Vietnam but declared Hanoi could sabotage it by stepping up military pressure. At the same time, in a natonwide television-radio address, Nixon disclosed a hitherto secret exchange of corespoh- dence last summer with the late President Ho Chi Minn of North Vietnam which he said bolsters his contention that Hanoi is blocking the road to peace. The Nixon address broke no new ground in.the realm of peace initiatives. It added up to a carefully prepared ap- peal ,for home front support 'of the administration's Vietnam policies. "I have chosen a plan for peace," he said. "I believe it will succeed ... "Let us be united for peace. Let us also be united against defeat. Because let us understand: North Vietnam cannot defeat or humiliate the United States. Only Americans can dp that." Declaring that he would not reveal any details, Nixon talked about his withdrawal program in these words: "We have adopted a plan which we have worked out in cooperation with the South Vietnamese for the complete withdrawal of all U.S. ground combat forces and their replacement by South Viet- namese forces on an orderly scheduled timetable." The chief executive said that if enemy infiltration and the current battlefield lull continues, withdrawals probably could be speeded. But he said should Hanoi step up military pressure and jeopardize U.S. forces in Vietnam, "I shall not hesitate to take strong and effective measures to deal with that situation." As he spoke, dispaches from South Vietnam told of increasing pressure by a force of about 5,000 North Vietnamese troops in the central highlands. Administration officials declined to specify what countersteps Nixon might employ. They also said they could not immediately give a total figure for the number of combat troops to be withdrawn if the Nixon timetable is carried out. However, since there are approximately 495,000 uniformed Americans in South Vietnam and support forces outnumber combat troops by a ratio of about 2-1, the total presumably approaches 175,000. Perhaps the biggest surprise in Nixon's speech, most of which he wrote himself, aides said, was his disclosure that he had written directly to Ho Chi Minh on July 15 to declare, "The time has come to move forward at the conference table toward an early resolution of this tragic war." Nixon said Ho's answer, received in Huge Red force endangers Green Beret cams Associated Press SAIGON — More than 5,000 North Vietnamese troops moved freely in a critical border area of South Vietnam's central highlands yesterday and posed a threat to two camps manned by U.S. Green Berets and mountain tribesmen. After having routed American and South Vietnamese defenders from three smaller camps guarding infiltration trails, the enemy forces now are believed consolidating their positions, possibly for strikes at the Green Beret outposts of Bu Prang and Due Lap. Both are along the Cambodian border, across which the North Vietnamese struck over the weekend. The camps are .about 25 miles apart in a jungled area about 125 miles northeast of Saigon. The defenses at the two camps are considered to be much stronger than those of the, abandoned camps. The camps are weir fortified against shell- ings. • • Each camp has a contingent of U.S. artillery men and Green Berets as well as the mountain tribesmen, Montag- nards. The number of allied defenders at the two camps was not known. The enemy force includes an artillery battalion and the battle-tested 24th and 66th infantry regiments which laid siege to the Green Berets Special Forces camp at Ben Het during the summer. The enemy's strengthened positions in the highlands were gained • with the weekend abandonment of artillery bases named Kate, Susan and Annie just south of Bu Prang. Kate crumbled under a heavy enemy bombardment which knocked out its big guns on Saturday and was the first to be deserted, Kate's guns had protected the flanks of the other two camps and with the shield gone, the defenders of Susan and Annie fled the next day. Homeowners sue council, protest shopping center By LOGAN McKECHNIE A group of homeowners filed suit yesterday against the Phoenix City Council, saying it acted illegally last month when it granted zoning permission for a huge shopping center near Northern and 35th avenues. The suit, filed in Maricopa- County Superior Court by Phoenix attorneys A. Jerry Busby and Larry Debus for the "Committee for Neighborhood Preservation," asks the court to nullify the council's permission. "We don't think there: is any question Continued on Page 5 Associated Press correspondents Peter Arnett and Horst Faas reported from the field that some'of Kate's defenders were suffering from battleshock from the constant bombardment. Men huddled in fear in bunkers and rambled incoherently. Ordered to evacuate, they clawed through their own barbed wire, ripping their uniforms to shreds.. • The decision to give up the outposts, according to U.S. spokesmen, was made by the region's South Vietnamese infantry headquarters which commanded the 500 irregulars at the. bases, the 160 U.S. artillerymen and Green Berets left with them, regrouping at Bu Prang and later moving to other locations. Casualties on both sides were reported light overall despite enemy ground probes and the heavy, artillery duels which ranged back and forth along the border. The bases, whose overlapping fields of fire provided mutual protection, were established in the past 45 days to support' ground operations stretching south from Bu Prang. But as the operations pushed further south, they apparently left the two northernmost camps — Kate and Annie — exposed to the North Vietnamese attackers. While it was -relatively quiet yesterday at the • frontier, U.S. sources cautioned that the strong North Vietnamese forces were prepared to attack at any time. SOUTH VIETNAM CAMBODIA Battle points Associated Pre** Explosion symbols at An Khe, Bong S6it and Bu Prang indicate where North Vietnamese have been on tfie;attack,on the-eve of President Nixon's major address on Vietnam. ilf.S.. officials'believe Bu Prang arid Due Lap may be twin goals of stepped-up enemy activity. Teach-in aims at environment crisis By WOLF VAN ECKARDT Washington Post Service WASHINGTON — Next spring students on the campuses all across the nation will conduct a teach-in on the crisis of environment. A special day, still to be announced, will be set aside from routine business. And that day may launch a popular movement to demand a national envi- News Comment ronment program much as we have a national defense program and on much the same scale. The teach-in is the idea of Sen. Gaylord Nelson, D-Wis., who, like so many of us, had reached the desperation point about the insanity of a society that offers its young no hopeful future, a socie- Today's prayer Father forgive me. In my rush this morning to be about my business, I entirely forgot you, forgot to thank you for another day of opportunity, forgot to dedicate this day to your work and to bringing love and comfort to all I meet. Amen. ty that is about to kill its own children, if not. by nuclear war, more slowly, by poispnous pollution. ' Sen. Nelson announced the teach-in 10 days ago and says the response has been "overwhelming." There will be symposiums, convocations, panel discussions and outdoor rallies among students, scientists, and faculty members, as well as labor, conservation, women's and other citizen organizations. The senator says a Washington office to coordinate the event will be opened next week. But on each campus the students will do their own thing. At the University of California they are likely to focus on the Santa Barbara oil spills. At Wisconsin they'll mostly talk about the impending death of Lake Erie. On city campuses, the foremost concern will be the poisoned air. All the teach-ins will endeavor to involve their local community and emphasize local problems. But the teach-ins will undoubtedly stress that the crisis of the environment cannot be viewed or solved in isolated local fragments—an oil spill in Santa Barbara or DDT*poisoned mother's milk in Boston. Limit on school budgets may be eased By HOWARD E. BOICE JR. The Legislative Joint Education Committee agreed in principle yesterday to ease the 6 per cent annual budget Increase limitation on the state's school districts. ;The committee voted to write into a new education bill provisions that would base the 6 per cent limitation on a state per capita average rather than a district' average, aliqw voter-approved increases to become the base of future increases rather than revert to the old figure, and permit more liberal exemptions from the statutory ;limits. Using state rather than district averages would aid W of the state's elementary school districts and hurt 58, the committee was told, ;With some dissent from school administrators, the committee voted to keep a strict budget format for schools irt the law yather that give that function to the Pepaytrnent of Public Instruction. But the committee asked the department to submit to it an acceptable budget format for inclusion in the law, The committee also approved for introduction into the next session of the legislature a measure that would allow the formation of consolidated school districts across county lines. The measure would aid 10 areas In the state and would be subject to voter approval in each affected district, according to committee members. Committee-approved exemptions to the 6 per cent limitation were for special education (which was tentatively limited to 20 per cent), fixed expenses such as retirement funds and Social Security payments, and bus transportation to and from classes. The committee was about evenly divided on whether to include travel for extracurricular activities in the exemption or not. Sen. Dan Halacy, R-Maricopa, committee chairman, said the committee would go into detail next week on a new school .finance bill. . In agreeing to allow, voter-approved increases in the 6 per cent limit to become the new base for following years, the committee members noted that the 1967 school finance act was "regressive" by forcing districts to revert to a preapproved level on which to'base the 6 per cent. Like natipnal defense, which would hardly be assured by.a submarine base here and an antimissile missile there, it must be viewed and attacked in its ecological entirety, more • ' Nor will we get very far with negative police measures, though they are an essential beginning. Air pollution control ordinances, for instance, can at best have only a ^mited effect, as long as we keep buildmgp more freeways and predicate all our metropolitan planning on further proliferation of internal combustion engines. What is desperately needed—and as a matter of the highest priority—is a positive national environment policy. The congressional conference at which Sen. Nelson first announced the teach-in brought out some premises on which such a policy must be based. The conference, perhaps the most constructive I have ever attended, was spnsored by about 100 congressmen and senators and organized by the Fund for New Priorities in America (a New York-based organization of business and Continued on Page 5 inside ARAB ACCORD — Arab guerillas and Lebanon announce settlement of dispute. Page 2. HOPI HASSLE — Indian dancers angry at fair officials for evicting them from promised housing. Page 19. ELECTIONS ROUNDUP-Gubernatorial elections in New Jersey and Virginia will mirror Nixon's influence in local politics. Page 9. ; RAILROAD TAXES-Constitutionality of Arizona's property tax law challenged by witnesses for two railroads. Page 19. _ Paye , Page Astrology 32 Financial 49-51 Bridge 52 Movies 23 Classified 34-43 Obituaries 21 Comics 32 BadioLog 22 Crossword 20 {(ports 45-48 DearAbby 31 TV Log 25 Dean }9 Weather 15 Editorials 6 Women 27-31 Paris three days before the death of the North Vietnamese leader, "simply reiterated the public position North Vietnam had taken in the Paris talks and flatly rejected my initiative." The White House made public the texts of the two letters. Nixon had addressed Ho as "Dear Mr. President" and the Communist leader had addressed his reply to "Mr. President." Each letter was signed off, "Sincerely." Nixon said "the effect of all the public, private and secret negotiations" since the United States halted bombing of North Vietnam on Nov. 1, 1968, can be summed up in a single sentence: "No progress whatever has been made except agreement on the shape of the bargaining table . . . "The obstacle is the other side's absolute refusal to show the least willingness to join us in seeking a just peace." Nixon said, upon taking office, he rejected a recommendation! that the United States speedily withdraw from the conflict, arguing that this would "be a disaster of immense magnitude" that would "promote recklessness in the councils of those great poweres who have not yet abandoned their roles of world conquest" and would spark violence in Berlin, the Middle East and "wherever our commitments help maintain peace." Aggression threat seen if Peking votes in U.N. Associated Press UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. - Nationalist China yesterday declared that to open the U.N. door to Peking would enable Mao Tse-tung to use the 700 million mainland Chinese as instruments of war and aggression. "The United Nations cannot, and must not put the seal of approval upon the enslavers of the Chinese people," Wei Tao-ming, the Nationalist foreign minister, said in a speech on the first day of the annual debate on the China representation issue. Thieu claims victory over N. Viets near United Press International SAIGON — South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu said yesterday victory over the Communists was near and declared that anyone who advocates neutralism at this point is "stupid." Thieu made the statements during the course of a long; speech to local officials attending a^||jaining course at Vung Tau, 40 mile||puthwest of Saigon. "WE ARE", near /victory," Thieu was quoted as saying by officials at the meeting. "There is no reason'for, us to lose to the Communists now that victory is so close. Anyone who advocates neutralism now is stupid." Thieu again stressed the point that South Vietnam should not rely too much on the United States and othej- allies but should develop a strong spirit of self- reliance. Part of Thieu's speech appeared to be directed at Sen. Tran Van Don, a retired general who called last week for a policy of nonalignment. DON, ONE of the leading members of the South Vietnamese senate, caused a stir by criticizing what he said was the Thieu government's "shameful reliance on the United States." In a formal statement, Don had said that this country must choose "a completely new political affiliation" which is "neither left, nor right but between the two worlds" of capitalism and communism. Thieu has described policies such as that advocated by Don as a disguised surrender to the Communists, and at least one South Vietnamese politician has been jailed for advocating a neutralist line. It was the 19th time in 20 years the General Assembly has debated the China question, and the vote is expected to go against Peking once more, probably on Friday. Before the assembly was the usual pro-Peking resolution to seat the Chinese Communists and expel the Chinese Nationalists, and the anti- Peking resolution holding that to do so requires a two-thirds majority. Ambassador Huot Sambath of Cambodia introduced the pro-Peking resolution, sponsored by 17 Communist and nona- lighed nations. He denounced the Formosa regime of Chiang Kai-shek as rotten, corrupt and rejected by the Chinese people. Ambassador Senjin Tsurouoka of Japan introduced the resolution sponsored by 14 countries, including the • United States, holding that a two-thirds majority was required. •" He said there was no doubt that the issue. \was of the highest importance, "in thafTit may affect ridf only the peace of the East Asia and, by the same token, that of the entire world, but also the harmonious development of the world organization in the long years to come." Last year the vote on the two-thirds resolution was 73-47 with 5 abstentions, and on the admission-expulsion resolution 58/44 with 23 abstentions. About the same result is anticipated Friday. ' The Nationalist 'Chinese foreign minister, rebuked Cambodia for its leadership role among the pro-Peking delegations. "The business of trying to befriend the Chinese Communists has not been a rewarding one," Wei declared. ".India's championship of Peking in the United Nations has been repaid, with implacable hostility. Indonesia has paid, and is still paying, a terrible price for its friendship with Mao Tse-tung and his gang. "It remains for Cambodia to discover for itself the fact that the more closely a country is aligned with Peking, the more it is exposed to Communist infiltration and subversion." Optimists think VC too weak to prevail in South Vietnam Last of a Series By ROBERT G. KAISER Washington Post Service SAlGON-The National Liberation Front was a model of successful insurgency. Tightly organized, brilliantiy led, resourceful and ingenious, the Vietcong first stole the countryside from under the noses of Saigon's many governments and their American allies, then defied them to take it back, Americans in Vietnam took a long time to agree on it, but today such a definition of the Vietcong is a cliche here. Through 1967, many American officials insisted on underestimating thejr enemy, but the Tet offensive of early 1968 changed that. If the Tet offensive changed the conventional wisdom about the Vietcong, it also changed—and drastically weakened—the Vietcong itself; that is the new conventional wisdom of today. There is a new optimism among American officials here that is based largely on the increasingly popular theory that the Vietcong are now too weak to prevail in South Vietnam. This theory has gained wide currency in the American mission here, and it is being reported to Washington. It is probably one of the factors President Nixon is weighing most carefully as he tries to find a way out of Vietnam. The new optimists in Vietnam are not predicting that the war is about to be won, though they often leave that impression. Rather, they insist that things are going much better now than ever before, and that an Independent Saigon government can prevail—with continued U.S. support—because the enemy is losing its strength inside South Vietnam. Some American officials here, including high-ranking diplomats, believe that the enemy's apparently deteriorating position In the countryside could bring a change in Hanoi's attitude aj the Paris peace talks. These officials speculate! that the Communists>may conclude that' Continued on Page 4

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