The News from Frederick, Maryland on September 1, 1967 · Page 2
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September 1, 1967

The News from Frederick, Maryland · Page 2

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Frederick, Maryland
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Friday, September 1, 1967
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"If We Con Find the Key to That One, It'll Lead Right Into the White House!" OftlAT SOUTMt*M a* M«rw c««n . CO. Stafi* c*rr i CMH. «r 1; «* mwMM. M.M; «M IT TMT. SUB1CBIPTIOM KATIS MT»*«« ·· ··»···: OM mOTflk I1JS; M COT** »*r Clrc»U« PrtM TH, AUKiatWl PfMt U MltlttM M M( HM tar r«M*«C*N«l tf *· M* Mi. IM ta IMt «t»l»M«f U *··) « ·" AP Mwt ««MclM* ·« PrM*rk*. *M. Pace 4 THE NEWS, Frederick, Maryland Friday. September 1. 1K7 LBJ At 59 U was a coincidence, but President Johnson's 59th birthday last Saturday was marked by doubts of friend and foe that he could be reelected in 1968. The doubts were expressed by midwestern governors of both major parties at a three-day meeting in Osaga Beach, Mo. The host state executive, Gov. Warren E. Hearns, a Democrat, said that if the election were held now, the President couldn't carry Missouri. Another Uemocrpt, Gov. Harold E. Hughes said by next year Johnson would have an even chance of carrying Iowa, but it would be a tough race. The only Democrat who felt Johnson wou'd win his state easily was Gov. Hulett C. Smith of West Virginia. Three Republicans who thought Johnson would have di-faculties carrying their states were Warren P. Knowles of Wisconsin, Daniel J. Evans of Washington and James A. Rhodes of Ohio. None gave the President an edge in their state. At 59, Lyndon Baines Johnson is in good health and, despite what these Governors say, confident of the future. He keeps a char, of his standings in popular polls and takes some corn- tort from the fact that leading Republican contenders are off in their popularity as well as aimself. However, his friends and supporters are worried. While they admire his strength, energy, experience and intelligence in dealing with the nation's problems, they realize that the American people still regard him as a political manipulator. That is a major reason for his fall in popular esteem. Another, and one that strikes aeep. is failure to understand the war in Vietnam. They worry i r he is doing a'l that he can to extricate our forces out of the war that has mired 500,000 fighting men. They want to see these men win and establish the line beyond which communism in Asia cannot pass, but they want to see it come soon. At home, thev are worried about inflation, taxes, jobs. racial riots and crime in the streets. A vear can make a lot of difference As of now. however, the President is in political trouble. As a po°d oolitican no one knows this better than himself. Welcome Home Have you heard the news, constituents? Our friendly congressmen are planning to come back home from Washington to visit us much oftener -- at our expense. What a nice surprise! Up to now, each congressman has been allowed five expense- paid trips home each year. But what is this to a public servant who is homesick for the folks back home all year long -mighty, mighty homesick, my friends! (This is mighty, mighty flattering to us constituents. It goes to show that even though a congressman's family may be with him in Washington, there is always a place in his heart for a voter.) So members of the House of leTesentatives voted recently t', give themselves not five but 13 free trips home each year! Since such trips cost at least .- ., avor-agp of $75. and there will now be eight more a year for ach congressman, and there .-»-e 4?5 congressmen, tfe extra ·xoense to the taxpayers adds up to -- well, 75 x8x435 comes out $261,000 more a year. Now, of course, this is peanuts compared to the $489,682.55 our congressmen spent last year on expense - paid junkets that took them into all parts of the globe. And even if the cost were bigger, is any constituent going to be so ungrateful and inhospitable as to back away from shelling out a little more tax money when it means he can s?e his old buddy, the congressman, almost three times as often? After all, hasn't our old buddy taken the time and trouble to come all the way home to feast his eyes on the finest people on earth, to wring our hands ·r(\ inouire after our healt 1 ., to remind us of how much he's doing for as -- and, just possibly, to do a little political fence - mending? We constituents must live light and vote right to have i-ongressmer so willing to come see us «o often. At our expense. BElRi WORLD The National Scene With Bruce Biossat MANY, VARIED UNITS FORM U. S. 'POWER STRUCTURE' WASHINGTON --An uninvited speaker, militant Negro leader Marion Barry of Washington, no doubt thought he was talking to the "power structure" of the nation's troubled cities when he chided 800 participants in the recently convoked Urban Coalition for not enlisting the poor in their effort to solve urban racial problems. In a very rough sense this was true. A high proportion of the participants, white and Negro alike, are involved in the decision-making process at the national and local levels. They include mayors and other political figures, top business executives, labor leaders, churchmen and civil rights leaders. But tbey cannot properly be 4ddressed as one, as if they were members of power elites who, in their various communities, control and direct everything of consequence that happens. It might easily be that, under the coalition's banner, the hall could have been filled with another 800 who, with a few key exceptions, might be found to wield as much weight and influence as those who assembled here. The underlying point: In a day when authority is under at'ack by the young, by a broader spec trum of antiwar critics and by frustrated Negroes and their allies, the quite unreal notion of a monolithic power structure in the nation and in city a'ter city has taken altogether too de^p a hold. At its simplistic worst, the power structure is pictured as evil, corrupt, conspiratorial, un- leeling. It is believed to be governed, in the total sense, by economic leaders. Politicians and all other seeming leaders in society are deemed to be mere puppets. Yet this notion does not stand the test of objective experience. Sociologist Arnold Rose of the University of Minnesota now rises to assert persuasively, in a new hook called "The Power Struc'ure." that power in this country is pluralistic, not monolithic, that the multiple power structures in a given community only partly overlap and are usually sharply limited in the extent of their influence. Rose notes that many community power studies have unearthed the pluralistic distribution of oower, and cites one par- iicularly which discovered no less than 19 leadership groups active iri 39 issues studied. As for the idea of economic dominance, advanced most notably bv C. Wright Mills in his book. "The Power Elite," Rose answers in his own work: "We have adduced much evidence... that the top business elite are far from having an all- powerful position: that oower is so complicated in the United States that the top businessmen =carc«»lv understand it. much 'PSS control it and that since 19^3 the nower position of busi- ressmen has been declining ra- ;hpr t^n growing." As far as general legislation i:, concerned, adds Rose, businessmen in the past three de- rades suffered "an almost unbroken series of defeats, al- For My Part By Ray Cromley HIGH PRAISE TO WARM HEARTS OF ALL AMERICANS Critics of U.S. policy in Vietnam should read and re-read the following editorial. It war carried Aug. 7, 1967, in A Tarde, a newspaper in Sao Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The editorial says, in its own way, what this reporter has heard many American servicemen and civilians say in Vietnam Men and women in Japan, the Philippines. Thailand, Hong Kong told me the same thing ·ast fall. We sometimes lose sight of this in the daily budget of protest in the news. Here then is the Brazilian · ·ditorial: The United States government is going to increase taxes by 10 per cent to support the war in Vietnam. What this means for the western world is probablv not well understood. But we shudder to think what a collapse of democracy in the Orient would signify. . . . "Fight-ng in Asia, in the wamps and j'inizles of Viet- i'8m aeainst ambushes of the VietCong. the North American oeonle and their allies . . . are fnlfill'nc a pledge not onlv to ihe ^outh Vietnamese. The lives l»ine sacrificed there are for the freoHom of the whole world Ivrai'se if tlvv were to leave Vietram. w«» wouM have the WPT rn our own frontiers "An fmpirr lik* th* Am*Ti- caa one does not need to resort to territorial expansion. The Vietnam war has a well-defined ideological meaning and the late of two different worlds is in balance there. . . . "And now all of the American people are being called to contribute to this war. Giving their niood is not enough. It is also necessary' (or them to make a material contribution, from the national wealth, in favor of a long and tiring campaign with r,o end in sight. "Whether or not one agrees with the reasons the United States is in Vietnam, one must admire the tenacity, inspiration and bravery of the young American generation who risk their lives defending an ideal which made their country a truly universal symbol -- the ideal of liberty. "The stoicism of the Americans in this war, in the face of accusations of all types and ^ometimes from those who ^houid be fighting at their side. is iuioressive. For the responsibility for maintaining the status quo in Vietnam should fall much more to other countries than to rhe United States which is there defending interests which were not theirs and which led them in'o a war in defense of all the democratic natioas of the world. ' V vrthe)es,s. 'he United :tatfs c f ' l l oonsidfrs itself C^.TI- mitted to give economic VIp to though they have succeeded in delaying the passage of certain bills for years." At the local level, he cites an inquiry by another scholar, Edward Banfield, into how half a dozen decisions in controversial issues vere actually taken in Chicago Says Banfield: "...In these cases the richest men of Chicago are conspicuous by their absence. Lesser business figures appear, but they do not act concertedly; there are some of them on each side of every issue." Rose concludes that in American political processes the political elite, the elected and appointed leaders, are largely ascendant over and not subordinate to the economic elite. He considers the two major parties the most broadly powerful agencies in society, but even here suggests that severe limits apply. The parties are segmented, not monolithic. Those among the militant Negroes, the rebellious young and the fervent antiwar groups who imagine they can quickly usher in an age of betterment and peace and social perfection bv ^earine down upon a conspiratorial few in the "power structure" mav be doomed, then, to crushing disappointment. The uses of power in this country are widely spread and constantly shifting. It is almost the whole of American society that must be moved if great ends are to be achieved. No mere handful of devils can serve as a proper target in a time of crisis. To win by exorcising devils i- 0 dream for Children. the democratic nations, especially to the less - developed ones, in a second front in the war against communism. "On this other front, the American people are also in the vanguard. Recent statistics show ihat in the past year more than iOO million Americans gave more than $13V£ billion to help the well - being of others, whether in their own country or in other nations around the globe. "There is no parallel in all the history of mankind to this .·ast and substantial solidarity. Since the end of the Second World War the United States has helped the world to free itself from poverty and has made great efforts to defend the dearest accomplishments of man nnd the self - determination of people. Devastated Europe was rebuilt under the Marshall plan and many Asian, African and American nations have counted on the United States for substantial assistance in the fight Against underdevelopment. "It is reallv admirable that a nation .«o tormented bv such seriwis external and internal problems can still find the spiritual and material reserves. *'hich seem inexhaustible to 'relo other peonies. . . . "This example should he su f - fVientlv dissuading to those ··hi 1i"M1v presume that thp fniio^ ctatf»s is in a p^ase o' incurable oecadenct." yesterday Fifty Years Ago 1 wenty Yec Items From The Newt-Post FUef Sept. 1. 1M7 HOOD COLLEGE RECENTLY announced the formation of a course in elementary agriculture, making it one of the first women's colleges in the nation dealing with what is generally considered to be the most masculine type of work. MR. AND MRS. EMMERT Rudy, Middletown, were severely burned about the hands, and and their garage and chicken- house destroyed last evening oy a fire that started when they ivere filling the gas tank on their car by the light of a lantern. Gasoline splashed against the hot lantern setting the fire, they were able to push their car to safety before the building toppled. AREA CANNERS ARE REPORTING an above average haul of corn this year, even though farmers had feared the June hailstorm would ruin the crop. item* from The Ne Sept. 1, 1 PRELIMINARY * oegin this morning lion and installatioi recording and gau on Fishing Creek, calls for the const small dam with si ments to accuratel: of the water level. KAILROAD BOXC cannery siding are in Frederick ord "public places" wh may be arrested b; for drunkeness, M ton Y. Bennett rul The surprise ruling ference to severa "drunks"in boxcar city limits. LOCAL CANNE1 right through Lai keep up with this y crop of sugar coi Washington Today By David Lcwr*.rt CIVILIAN POLICY MAKERS STALL VIET VICTORY WASHINGTON -- Ci vi 1 i a n makers of military policy have deprived American forces of victory in Vietnam just as they did during the Kor*-j War 16 years ago when tht Joint Chiefs of Staff unanimously recommended the bombing of Red China's supply lines north of the Yalu River, only to be overruled. This analysis is emerging from the hearings by the subcommittee of the Armed Services Committee of the Senate. While limited objectives have been chosen in the Vietnam War operations, limited methods of achieving those objectives have been imposed. The military commanders again have had their hands tied. Cumulative losses, 't is estimated, have turned out to be larger than might have been the case if intensified attacks on all targets in North Vietnam had been allowed a year or more ago. Basically the trouble Is the inadequacy of the liaison between all of the members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the President of the United States, who. under the Constitution, is given responsibility as commander -in- chief of the armed f o rces. There's no provision in the Constitution which permits the President to delegate to any Cabinet Secretary or to any other civilian official the power to make military decisions. For many years past, during a war, presidents have had their military chieftains close at hand and have consulted with them almost every day. This is not true now The present members of the Joint Chiefs, either as a group or individually, have rarely seen President Johnson alone IP private conferences. The argument is made in rebuttal that any of the service chiefs of staff may see the President whenever they wish. Rut this means they must take the initiative. They usually feel compelled, moreover, to notify the Secretarv of Defense While, strict'v sneaking, they can seek Conferences with the President, ih^v are not likelv to do so. Ex- ·erience shows that, when the chief of anv armed service goes .'v*r th*» head of the Secretary r.f Defense, there is a risk of ;irovoking resentment. When a President himself s^rnls for m^Tihors V tb* 'oir' "bipfs "f sta'f and ask« them rrive»«ly (or tdvice. th«y fM| free to speak out of incurring the c Cabinet Secretary, only practical way a really intimate p ihe military point « commander-in-chie Theoretically, th of Defense should the military viewp civilian councils 01 ment. If there ai lions of intematio be taken into accx retary of State c them. Secretary of Namara has made principal recomme Vietnam War polk on other military feeling national s parts of the world, has been formulate retary of Defense bomber-fighter pi; powered carriers, t tic missile system military problems ferences of opinion In any bombin during previous wa cst targets have tx outset for shock \ political and econ as military effect mara, it is said, f President to do it I in Vietnam--to st smallest targets fi to punish the enem result has been ar high cort in hum; United States also planes in Vietni wasn't until after destroyed that the authorized to attac bases which the stalled in North V So the story of War is a record o) service chiefs for do intensive bon was first refused i granted--but only ience had demonst military men wen outset The targets stil bombed, moreovet tr»nt ones, ine'udin Hainhong The mi have hw»n urging (J*ntlv they are nt fd to «s't alow wi and give h'T on Ion" vf training in i fy and tactics. iNEWSPAPEr SPAPERf

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