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14 MMPA OAKY MWS PAMPA, TEXAS Nth YEAR Wednesday, June 11.1»72 A Watchful IVf I STMVINO COR THt TOP Of TIXAS TO M AN WIN tlTTlt rUCI TO UVE Our CafHul* Policy Tlw Pampa N«w« it dedicated to fumlthing information to •wr r«odor» Mt that thoy can bettor promote and preierve their own freedom and encourage efhen to too other* to i it* MeMina. Only when man It free to control himtelf and all he prodwcot can he develop to hit utmott capability The New* believe* each and every perten would got moro •atirfactien in the Una run if he were permitted to tpond what he eann on a volunteer batii rather than having part of it dtttributod invluntarily. Today Is Flag Day The history of the United States flag, which came into being during our Revolution, contains a number of controversies, one of which concerns Betsy Ross. Folklore has it that she sewed together the first flag at the request George Washington, Robert Morris and George Ross, a brother of her husband, in June of 1776. No records exist that this ever occurred, the earliest record of her having made any flags at all being dated May 29, 1777 in the form of a bill for 14 pounds and some shillings to the Pennsylvania Navy. The bill does not mention the types of flags her upholstery firm made, but simply notes that the bill WAS FOR flags. Although most Americans associate the flag with Independence Day, July 4,1776, the truth of the matter is that the ancestor of the United States flag as we know it today was not adopted by the Continental Congress until June 14.1777, almost a year after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. The first flag, of course, is pictured as having thirteen stripes of alternate red and blue, with a circle of 13 white stars on a blue background. There is no evidence, however, that the 13 stars were in a circle, since no rule was ever made that they should be arranged so. There is some evidence to indicate that Francis Hopkinson, a member of the Naval committee and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was the designer of the stars and stripes. He was an artist, and there are bills still in existence which he presented to the congress for artistic work. From the time the stars and stripes were adopted in 1777 until 1794, there was no change in the number of stars or stripes. But on the admission of Vermont and Kentucky to the Union in that year, congress voted to add two stripes and two stars to the flag, and it remained that way until 1818. Between 1794 and 1818, however, five more states had been admitted to the union, and the congress voted to revert the flag's design to 13 stripes and a star for each state. The star is added to the design when a new state is admitted on the July 4 following the state's admission. Colorado's star was added July 4, 1877. The last time the flag was changed, of course, was July 4, 1960, when Hawaii and Alaska added their stars. The first Stars and Stripes flown in battle by land forces was probably the famous '76 flag, still preserved in the North Bennington, Vt., museum, which had outer stripes of white, instead of red. The flag was flown in the battle of Bennington, Aug. 16,1777. Although it is widely believed that no American flag can be flown at night, specific authority has been given to fly the flag day and night in Baltimore, Md., over Ft. McHenry, whose flag inspired Francis Scott Key to write the "Star Spangled Banner," and over Flag House, where the famous color was made. It is also flown night and day at the national capitol, over the grave of Key, at the Municipal War Memorial, in Worcester, Mass., it Pikes Peak, and also at Mt. Suribachi on the island of Iwo Jima. Independence Day, July 4, is one of 22 holidays when the United States flag should be flown, weather permitting. In 1942. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed into law the Flag Code, which asserts, among other things, that the Ifag should not be flown in inclement weather. Tribute To The Flag We do honor to the stars and stripes as the emblem of our country and the symbol of all that our patriotism means. We identify the flag with almost everything we hold dear on earth. It represents our peace and security; our civil and political liberty; our freedom of religious worship; our family, our friends, our home. We see it in the great multitude of blessings of rights and privileges that make up our country. But when we look at our flag and behold it emblazoned with all our right, we must remember that it is equally a symbol of our duties. Every glory that we associate with it is the result of duty done. A yearly contemplation of our flag strengthens and purifies the national conscience. —Calvin Coolidge No one can expect to have his professions of liberalism taken seriously who is not outspokenly BOTH anti- Communist and anti-Fascist. — Philosopher Sidney Hook. There isn't a single door in this world that will open without pushing ... I'm going to turn the knob and push. — Sen. Clara Weisenborn, member of the Ohio Legis- ture, on the power of women legislators. Crossroad Report Dear Editor: The so-called Women's Rights Amendment is being rapidly ratified by State legislators who are smart enough to see that it is really a men's liberation law. Many men have already liberated themselves by getting mama a job or a riding lawn mower, but this Amendment will free millions more from legal obligations like breadwinner, child supporter, and zipperer of ladies up the back. In fact, the Tricky 27th is really putting the pants on women by giving them the job of fighting our next war. I see where Congress is expected to pass a noise-limit some time this year, to quiet down lawn mowers, trucks, planes, motorcycles, etc. But there doesn't appear to be any plans to include the restaurant juke-box in the list of ear-pounders which will have to be attenuated to somewhere below the mind-blowing level. Some folks are very bitter toward Thomas A. lidison for inventing this scourge of sanity, but he really didn't know what he was doing because he was already deaf. Under the fair employment laws we now have, the only way an employer can be safe from prosecution for discrimination is to hire nobody but hermaphrodites with one-fifth each white, black, red, yellow and brown blood. Each employee will also have to be a member of every known churth .group, and his recent ancestors will have to represent all 100-plus nations of the world. But to be really safe, of course, the employer also must be sure that the new employee has absolutely no ability to perform the job he is being hired to do. Sort of like we hire lawmakers. D.E. SCOTT Crossroads, U.S.A. Wipe Out Jobs William H. Shaker, a senior systems engineer for the Dow Chemical Company, declares that President Nixon's proposed welfare reform program would "wipe out millions of jobs" because its guaranteed annual income provision would be more generous than the wages many Americans earn. "Take a cook in California," Shaker tells members of the Senate Finance Committee. "Is he going to continue to work in a sweaty kitchen when he can go and sit on the beach and collect the same amount of money on welfare?" Shaker, who researched the program on his own time over the past year, says that "our research has gone behind the emotional screens and displayed facts. We believe most of the facts presented will be mind-stickers. . .H.R. 1 (the welfare reform bill) would have the effect of wiping out millions of jobs. Study findings identify jobs and industries that would be eliminated state by state." The solution to the welfare problem, he declares, "is you guarantee everyone an opportunity to work. Then, if a person does not work, his welfare check should be small enough to make him very uncomfortable. This in turn would, I believe, make work opportunities very attractive indeed." — Review of The NEWS BERRY'S WORLD JUL S> 1972 b r Hit,, Inc. "LiT'S LOOK SHARP TODAY, MEN! The major tell* Mt*GINI*AL MALAISE MAY BE HIRE AT CAMP!" ! I THOUGHT TUl*. WAS AtJ Paul Harvey News Educators Shift Gears Back To Needed Skills MAR.l9.i94l ^1972 McNiuf ht Synd., Inc. Question Box 267 Years! The fedp-al debt is now in the neighborhood of 1400 billion, which is a rather expensive neighborhood when you consider that the interest alone on the debt is costing the taxpayers far in excess of $25 billion a year. Sen. Allen Ellender was trying to put that $400 billion debt into perspective the other day. So he did a bit of calculation, and came up with this: As presently staffed and equipped, if the Bureau of Printing and Engraving were to start tomorrow on the task of printing 400 billion one-dollar bills, it would take 171 years to turn them out. And if all 100 members of the United States Senate were to start counting, at the rate of 50 a minute, these 400 billion one-dollar bills, it would be the year 2238—267 years from now—before they finished the job of counting. That assumes that all IOC Senators would be counting, and that they worked eight-hour days for 260 days of the year. The Senator's analogy is fairly understandable-except, who ever heard of a Senator working that hard, that many days of the year? A work schedule like that is for the taxpayers—not the tax spenders. —Jesse Helms By PAULHARVEY This spring 1,500 educational institutions graduated a senior class largely unprepared to earn a living. What's gone wrong with what was the world's greatest educational system? A half-century ago John Dewey was going around the United States urging us to de-emphasize vocational education. He was convinced that the future belonged to the thinkers. His thesis was valid--but he went too far. Dewey convinced us that job-based vocational education was unworthy, unsound, even undemocratic. So here we are in 1972 with scientists unemployed while jobs go begging. Recently, Vice President Agnew, confronting the American Assn. for School Administrators, hit the nail on the head when he said: "Our schools are not preparing students to earn a living." Last year, 1.7 million youngsters lost interest in school and quit before getting their diplomas. Another 750.000 were graduated from high H. L. Hunt Writes PATRIOTS RIGHT AGAIN The doom and gloom gang on the left, who wish the U.S. would hurry up and lose the struggle to keep communist butchers from taking over all of Indochina, crowed with joy when the North Vietnamese tried their "blitz" into the South. They thought it was all over for the non-communist side. Patriots, many of them, were feeling gloomy, too. The propaganda from the national media was making it appear that South Vietnam would fall in a few weeks, like Poland fell before the Nazi blitz in 1939. Other seasoned campaigners for Freedom and Truth looked deeper behind the news and counseled the gloomy patriots not to give up yet. The South Vietnamese were fighting for their liberty, fighting hard. The "blitz" failed and bogged down. A real blitz war gains 30 miles in a day. The communist armies didn't gain 30 miles in a month. Two months have gone by and the communists still have not captured a major city or a major provincial capital. Hopeful Freedom enthusiasts counseled resistance to the communist blitz, both to prevent a massacre of the remnant of withdrawing U.S. troops and to support the brave allies fighting for their own land and lives. U.S. air and sea power proved decisive once again in turning the Red tide, at least temporarily. The good news now is that two of the Red divisions have been pulled back into their Cambodian jungles to regroup after, being badly mauled. Patriots should not give up to counsels of despair but should carry on the good fight for Freedom and Truth. We can and must defeat the enemy. schools with adequate curriculum credits-but too few marketable skills. Thus we spent $28 billion to educate 2.5 million people "for potential failure." And who is to measure the further cost in frustration, shattered hopes, aborted dreams? Brilliant scholars, industrially illiterate! Dr. Dewey, who imagined that machines would be performing all manual work by 1972, would be shocked to learn that everything we use is still "man-made." that one-third of our labor force still works in construction and manufacturing. Thirty million Americans are thus employed. Well, we're not doing nothing , about it. Since the early 1960s, a group of professors from the University of Illinois and Ohio State University have been exploring ways of making education more practical, more relevant, by improving industrial arts courses. In 24 schools in six states they tested, altered and retested old and new courses in construction and manufacturing. The texts relative to their new concept are now being marketed nationwide. Already two nationwide statistical studies show greater enrjjJimrent in courses realistically keyed to available job opportunities. For example, the "doctor shortage" has more than half of the freshman class at Berkeley taking introductory chemistry, while enrollment in aeronautical engineering at MIT has been cut in half. Now to throw ourselves into training tradesmen at the total sacrifice of the liberal arts would be shortsighted as was the Dewey school's myopic miscalculation. But it is "need" which determines the greatest opportunities and the highest rewards, and the near-term need is for "doers." My personal opinion is that American students do not always use these good conditions they have ... Students have an easy life and perhaps they are too accustomed to it. —Levon G. Saakyan, Soviet youth organization official, after a two-week tour of six American universities. QUESTION: Where does protest end and stupidity begin, when it comes to halting traffic on highways and railway tracks? What connection is there between objection to government decisions and abrogation of the rights of others? ANSWER: The individuals who were protesting against the actions of the administration in the Vietnam war apparently gave no consideration to the fact that they were interfering with others' rights to use the highways and railways in a peaceful manner. We believe students and others have a right to any peaceful means of letting President Nixon and others know they disapprove of the administration's actions. But they have no right at all to interfere with the peaceful activities of others. When they block rail tracks and highways so that others may not peaceably pass, they are guilty of aggressive action against others and are committing the very same sort of action to which, when done by the administration, they object to frantically. Such aggressive action leaves them no longer entitled to any consideration. While there is no doubt some of the students have been sincere in their actions, it appears that many of them are merely being disruptive for the sake of being disruptive. A few probably have been stirred up by communists who are more interested in a victory for the commies than they are in peace. If young people were truly being educated, they would have respect for the rights of others. They would know that their rights end when they begin to infringe the equal rights of. any other persons. We would not accuse them of being stupid, as inferred in the question. We would pay, rather, that they are mistaken and misinformed. Quick Quiz Q —What American president was preceded and succeeded in office by the same man? A — Benjamin Harrison, preceded and succeeded by President Grover Cleveland. Q—What is the Christian world's "hexameron"? A—The six days of the creation. Dear Ur. Lamb—What can you tell me about nose- bleeding? My 7-year-old has them quite often. Now I am about to climb the walls. I have had her to several specialists and they all seem to say the same thing: she will outgrow it, don't let her pick her nose and buy her a cool air humidifier because her nose is too dry. One doctor cauterized her nose twice, but says she is too young to do this too often. They all told me that when her nose bleeds, to either pack it with cotton or apply pressure of something else, but they don't understand the way I feel seeing her nose starting to bleed and just when I really start to panic over all the blood she is losing, it will stop. What really can be done, and what can I give her to build up her system from losing all the blood? Dear Reader—The doctors you have seen have given you very good, sound advice, which is usually what is recommended for this problem. Most bleeding from the nose occurs in the soft part. Either putting a pack in the nose or pressing the soft tip against the head part and pinching the nose tip often helps stop bleeding. Cold water also helps. In some cases if there is a superficial blood vessel near the end of the nose, it can be cauterized and this will control future bleeding. It is usually true that many nosebleeds will stop on their own. If the bleeding continues, of course, the child or even an older person, must be taken to the doctor for treatment, or sometimes a more effective nose pack. Although it always looks like a lot of blood, sometimes the amount of blood really isn't very great in terms of the number of tablespoons of blood lost. A little blood spreads out over a large area. Even so, if a person has repeated frequent nosebleeds, they may well lose too much iron, just the same as a woman in her child-bearing years may lose too mucl' iron. This would manifest itself by an anemia and can be checked byi a simple blood test. If this should be true, the amount of iron in the diet would need to be increased and this can usually be accomplished through a good normal diet with perhaps a little more concentration on food items that contain iron. Otherwise, the body is perfectly capable of generating enough blood to take care of most ordinary nosebleeds. Rarely, nosebleeds are associated with important medical problems, but usually the nosebleeds in children are not. They are more of a nuisance than a danger. Of course you are upset when it occurs. Any good mother would be, but there really isn't a great deal more to be done than has already been recommended to you. Hanoi Nixes Order From The Kremlin ByRAYCROMLEY WASHINGTON (NEAI- It can be said with some certainty that Dr. Henry Kissinger, in his fruitless secret meeting with Le Due Tho, North Vietnam's representative, went through one of the most shocking experiences of his life. The emotional effects were still apparent two weeks after the event. According to administration sources, the Soviet Union had in four days of meetings with Kissinger promised, in effect, to deliver Hanoi on a platter if the United States would only once again agree to secret negotiations. The men in the Kremlin had promised Kissinger they would tell Hanoi that unless the invasion were halted or some reasonable talks begun with the United States, Moscow would gradually cut back on war supplies to North Vietnam. The Russians said that even a gradual cutback on supplies would not, of course, have an immediate effect on the fighting. Nor would it be quickly discernable. But the United States should watch, and when Washington was able to discover by its own intelligence methods that in fact the Russia-to-Hanoi supply line was indeed shrinking, then Nixon, they hoped, would begin to cut down on the bombings and other aid to match the Russian cutback. Moscow told Kissinger they would deliver North Vietnam's Le Due Tho to Paris ready to talk. The evidence was, and still is, that the Russians meant what they said and believed they could do what they promised. This information comes from men who normally do not trust the Soviet Union. But North Vietnam bolted. Le Due Tho appeared in Paris. But in those secret meetings, as Kissinger has put it, the North Vietnamese said nothing that could not have been clipped out of a newspaper. There was no negotiating or any attempt at negotiating by Tho. There was only a "jubilant" and "arrogant" reading of the old terms—which amount to a United States and South Vietnamese surrender. For the first time, Kissinger, Mr, Nixon's closest security adviser, say that neither the Soviet', Union nor China had power over the tiny country of North Vietnam. He finally realized that Hanoi was going to go its own way, in its own fashion, regardless of how much pressure Moscow and Peking applied. Going Places WORLD ALMANAC FACTS Amelia Earhart Putnam was an American flyer lost in the Pacific during an around the world flight in 1937. She was the first woman to make a nonstop flight across the United States, the first woman to fly across the Atlantic alone, and was the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross, The World Almanac says. Answer to frerioui Punic ACROSS 1 Two-wheeled • vehicle 5 Motor vehicle 8 Car 12 Hunting dog 13 Hasten 14 Mast 15 Period before Easter 16 Join to 17 Masculine nickname 18 Freight (ab) 19 Play host to 21 French island 22 Rip 24 Building additions 2C Liquid measure 28 Masculine name 29 Night before 30 Townships (ab.) 31 Golf gadget 32 Seine 33 Liquefy 34 Space 36 Tear down 37 Feminine name 39 Duct (anal.) 40 Fear 44 Silent assent 46 Exploits (Latin) 48 Aged 49 Prickly seedcase 50 Plant ovule SICandlenut tree 52 Something inevitable 53 Makes mistake;! 54 Domestic (ab.) 55 Winglike Q—Which is the longest single interstate system today's FUNNY ro A- ?i -8° str <- tchi "g pi 0 1 miles from New York to California. Q—What is indicated by the term timberline? A—The timberline is the mountainside point beyond which trees do not grow. WIT ft WHIMSY If you want to learn how to do things with a light touch, ask the office mooch. It's hard to heed a warning a bout smoking when the doc gives it to you around his pipe stem. DOWN 1 Young bovine 2 Vigilant 3 Raved 4 Powerful explosive 5 Burn partially 6 Assistant 7 Heiress (Hal.) 8 Poisonous snake 9 Sloping upward 10 Appendages 11 Escutcheon border 19 Journeyed 20 Modified 23 Rugged mountain crests 25 Tilted to one side, as a ship 27 Encounter 28 Italian volcano 33 Subdue 35 Yearly 30 Speedster 38 Main body artery 39 Flower holder 41 Highway 42 Sailor's patron saint 43 First man 45 Suffer (Scot.) 47 Public notices 49 College degree (ah.) 'FraacM ttitnta Holly/Colo. Toda/i FUNNY- will por 11.00 for tack original"fuiniif"UM«. Sindaagi lo: Todoy't FUNNY, 1200 W»t flTi'd 5r., Cl«».lond, Ohio 44113. Why do people buy new screens for the house and then eat all their meals in the back yard?