Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on November 4, 1969 · Page 3
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November 4, 1969

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 3

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Tuesday, November 4, 1969
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!\ Phoenix weather Sunny skies today with gradual warming. High today 80-85, low 45-50. Yesterday's high 81, low 48. Humidity: high 39, low 8. Details, Page 15. 80th Year, No. 172 THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC Telephone: 271-8000 Phoenix, Arizona, Tuesday, November 4, 1969 (Four Sections, 52 Pages) REPUBLIC; MAIL fl Today's cliuckle Often a man will let his wife rule the household, fearing that if she can't reign, she'll storm. c 10 cents Gradual pullout Nixon plan United Press International WASHINGTON - President Nixon last night rejected demands for a hasty U.S. pulloufc from Vietnam and appealed to "The great, silent majority" of Americans to support his course of carefully staged withdrawals keyed to Communist activity. In an eagerly awaited, 33-mintite speech broadcast nationwide from his White House office, the President pledged he eventually would get all American forces back home. But he warned that a "precipitate withdrawal," urged by some of his critics, "would be a disaster of immense magnitude." The address contained no surprises beyond his disclosure that he had exchanged letters with the late North Vietnamese President Ho Chi Minn late last summer in a futile attempt to get serious peace negotiations started in Paris. Nixon said he had a timetable for removing all U.S. combat troops from Vietnam but refused to make it public. If he did, he said, the Communists would simply wait "and then move in." The timetable could change, he added, if the Communists increase their assaults significantly. The United States and the South Vietnamese government, he said, had adopted a plan "for the complete withdrawal of alll U.S. ground combat forces and their replacement by South Vietnamese forces on an orderly, scheduled timetable." Ground troops number more than 250,000 of the total 495,000 U.S. men still in Vietnam. Officials said an orderly withdrawal of all combat forces is planned first, leading eventually to withdrawal of all American forces. Nixon warned that if Communist infiltration or American casualties increase while the United States is trying to scale down the fighting, "it will be the result of a conscious decision by the enemy" that will be met by "strong and effective measures." The President's half - hour address, delivered alone from his gold - and • blue oval room office except for radio and television technicians, replied in a conciliatory tone toward youthful demonstrators demanding an immediate end to the war. Yet he made clear that war decisions were his alone to make as President. Unlike his May 14 Vietnam address, which stressed a negotiated settlement with mutual troop withdrawals, Nixon's latest speech clearly revealed his growing lack of faith in the possibility of progress at the Paris talks. He appeared at times to assume there would never be a mutual withdrawal or a diplomatic settlement of the war. Instead, he concentrated on his flexible plan for gradual U.S. disengagement under conditions that would leave the Saigon government strong enough to hold its enemies at bay. The President took what he called "the unprecedented step" of disclosing a number of secret peace initiatives he had undertaken even before he took office after his election a year ago. Making public copies of the private exchange, Nixon urged Ho to negotiate seriously in Paris for an early end to the war. Ho's reply, received on Aug. 30, three days before his death in Hanoi, "flatly rejected my initiative," the President said. Even before he was inaugurated, Nix- on said, he made two separate private offers to Hanoi through an unnamed individual for a rapid settlement of the war. Other private initiatives were made in Paris, through the Soviet Union and through other secret channels, he said. "The effect of all the public, private and secret negotiatons which have been undertaken since the bombing halt a year ago and since this administration came into office on Jan. 20 can be summed up in one sentence — no progress whatever has been made except agreement on the shape of the bargaining table." But Nixon, who picked the first anni- Continued on Page 17 Reds launch heavy attack •i just before Nixon speech Associated Press SAIGON — The Communist Command Jaunched its heaviest attacks in two months overnight last night, making heavy ground attacks against at least three U.S. fire bases north of Saigon. The heavy fighting came just hours before President Nixon's Vietnam policy speech, costing the lives of three Americans and wounding 57 more, field reports said. Initial reports from both the U.S. Command and military sources said at least 156 enemy troops were killed and seven more captured since the heavy fighting broke out. The casualty toll for the past 24 hours totalled 182 enemy dead, five Americans killed and 65 more wounded. But a U.S. Command spokesman initially declined to call the increased fighting a new "high point" of enemy activity, which some U.S. intelligence sources had predicted would begin in mid-November. In one of the most severe attacks, North Vietnamese troops moving under a mortar barrage assaulted a U.S. 1st Air Cavalry Division fire base 75 miles north of Saigon. The four-hour battle cost two Americans klled and 27 wounded, while enemy losses were put at 55 killed. North Vietnamese ground attacks also were reported against two other Air Cavalry fire bases about 65 miles north and 68 miles northeast of Saigon. Field reports put total U.S. casualties as one killed and 24 wounded, while the enemy lost 60 killed. Four enemy soldiers were captured in one attack, military sources said. The sudden spurt in fighting north of Saigon was part of a flareup that began Saturday with heavy North Vietnamese attacks on three allied artillery bases in the central highlands near Cambodia. Heavy enemy pressure over the weekend forced the abandonment of those three bases, situated near the U.S. Special Forces camp at Bu Prang, 110 miles northeast of Saigon. The U.S. Command today reported no new enemy attacks in .the Bu Prang area, but military sources have said there are as many as 5,000 North Vietnamese troops still .massed along the border in .position for new attacks. Having forced abandonment of three small camps, the enemy are believed to be consolidating their positions, possibly for strikes at Bu Prang and Due Lap, another Green Beret outpost. Both are along the Cambodian border, across which the North Vietnamese struck over the weekend. The camps are about 25 miles apart in a jungled 'area about 125 miles northeast of Saigon. Continued on Page 2 Clear message for Hanoi: no more U.S. concessions By MURRAY MARDER Washington Post Service WASHINGTON — The stem message that President Nixon sent to North Vietnam and the Vietcong last night was that it is useless for them to wait for "the next concession, and the next" from the United States. President Nixon's speech was devoid of any diplomatic move. Instead, he cited a bleak record of negotiating rebuffs, including an exchange between himself and the late President Ho Chi Minh that added no new element. Associated Press President Nixon after addressing Tiatiph on ; Vietnam Homeowners sue feachriit to tackle council, protest shopping center By LOGAN McKECHNIE A group of homeowners filed suit yesterday against the Phoenix City Council, saying it acted illegally last month when it granted zoning permission for a huge shopping center near Northern and 35th avenues. The suit, filed in Maricopa County Superior Court by Phoenix attorneys A. Jerry Busby and Larry Debus for the "Committee for Neighborhood Preservation," asks the court to nullify the council's permission. "We don't think there is any question that Mayor Graham and the council members acted illegally," Busby said. In the suit, he alleges that the owners of more than 20 per cent of the property adjacent to the proposed shopping center had filed a protest with the city, forcing a three-fourths vote of all seven council members to approve the zoning change, instead of a routine simple majority of those present. "At the council hearing called to con- Continued on Page 5 By WOLF VAN ECKARDT Washington Post Service WASHINGTON - Next spring students on the campuses all across the nation will conduct a teach-in on the crisis of environment. A special day, .still to be announced, will be set aside from routine business. And that day may launch a popular movement to demand a national environment program much as we have a national defense program and on much the same scale. The teach-in is the idea of Sen. Gaylord Nelson, D-Wis., who, like so many of 'us, had reached the desperation point about the insanity of a society that offers its young no hopeful future, a socie- Today's prayer Father forgive me. In my .rush this morning to be about my business, I entirely forgot you, forgot to thank you for another day of opportunity, forgot to dedicate this day to your work and to bringing love and comfort to all I meet. Amen. ty that is about to kill its own children, if not by nuclear war, more slowly, by poisonous pollution. Sen. Nelson announced the teach-in 10 days ago and says the response has been "overwhelming." There will be symposiums, convocations, panel discussions and outdoor rallies among students, scientists, and faculty members, as well as labor, conservation, women's and other citizen organizations. The senator says a Washington office to coordinate the event will be opened next week. But on each campus the students will do their own thing. At the University of California they are likely to focus on the Santa Barbara oil spills. At Wisconsin they'll mostly talk about the impending death of Lake Erie. On city campuses, the foremost concern will be the poisoned air. All the teach-ins will endeavor to involve their local community and emphasize local problems. But the teach-ins will undoubtedly stress that the crisis of the environment cannot be viewed or solved in isolated local fragments—an oil spill in Santa Barbara or DDT-poisoned mother's milk in Boston. Limit on school budgets may be eased By HOWARD E. BOICB JR. The Legislative Joint Education Committee agreed in principle yesterday to ease the 6 per cent annual budget increase limitation on the state's school districts. The committee voted to write into a new education bill provisions that would base the 6 per cent limitation on a state per capita average rather than a district average, allow yoter-approved increases to become the base of future increases rather than revert to the old figure, and permit more liberal exemptions from the statutory limits, Using state rather than district, averages would aid 91 of the state's elementary school districts and hurt 58, the committee was told. With some dissent from school administrators, the committee voted to keep a strict budget format for schools in the law rather that give that function to the Department of Public Instruction. But the committee asked the department to submit to it an acceptable budget format for inclusion in the law. The committee also approved for introduction into the next session of the legislature a measure that would allow the formation of consolidated school districts across county lines, The measure would aid 10 areas in the state and would be subject to voter approval in each affected district, according to committee members. , Committee-approved exemptions to the 6 per cent limitation were for special education (which was tentatively limited to 20 per cent), fixed expenses such as retirement funds and Social Security payments, and bus transportation to and from classes. The committee was about .evenly divided on whether to include travel for extracurricular activities in the exemption or not. Sen. Dan Halacy, R-Maricopa, committee chairman, said the committee would go into detail next week on a new school finance bill. In agreeing to allow voter-approved increases in the 6 per cent limit to become the new base for following years, the committee members noted that the 1967 school finance act was "regressive'' by .fprcing districts to revert to a pyeapprpved level on which to base the 6 per cent. News Analysis Like national defense, > which would hardly be assured by'a submarine base here and an antimissile' missile there, it must be viewed and attacked in its ecological entirety. • , . • . > Nor will we get very 'far with negative police measures^ though they are an essential beginning. Air'pollution control ordinances, for instance, can ; at best have only a limited effect, as long as we keep building more freeways and predicate all our metropolitan .planning on further proliferation of internal combustion engines. : -..'.'.' What is.desperately needed—and as a matter of the highest priority—is a posi- 'tive national environment policy.' The congressional conference at which Sen. Nelson first announced the teach-in brought out. some premises on which such a policy must be based. The conference, perhaps the most constructive I have ever attended, was spnsored by about 100 congressmen and senators and organized by the Fund for New Priorities in America (a New York-based organization of business and Continued on Page 5 inside ARAB ACCORD — Arab guerillas and Lebanon announce settlement of dispute. Page 2. ELECTIONS ROUNDUP—Gubernatorial elections in New Jersey and Virginia will mirror Nixon's influence: in local politics. Page 9. RAILROAD TAXES-Constitutionality of Arizona's property tax law challenged by witnesses for two railroads. Page 19. HOPI HASSLE - Indian dancers angry at fair officials for evicting them from promised housing. Page 19. Page Page Astrology 32 Financial 49-51 Bridge 52 Movies 23 Classified 33-43 Obituaries 21,33 Comics 32 Radio Log 22 Crossword 20 Sports 4548 Dear.Abby 31 TV Log 24 Dean 19 Weather 15 Editorials 6 Women 27-31 1 What the President was telling his adversaries is that he can ride out the storm. If necessary, he was claiming, the United States can extract itself from the war with "strength," whether or not there are any negotiations. To bolster that claim he threw down an entirely new chalenge to the Communist side. He conceded the level of enemy military activity in South Vietnam, including infiltration, has dropped further than administration strategists thought it would in June, when the President announced his first withdrawal of 25,000 U.S. troops. This lower rate of enemy activity, the President said, now becomes the new U.S. base for projecting a "greater," but unspecified, rate of U.S. troop withdrawals in the future. Here the President invoked a double hedge: First, future U.S. withdrawals will be based "partially" on this current reduced level of infiltration and reduced U.S. casualties; Second, if either of these increase, "it will be the result of a conscious decision by the enemy." "If I conclude that increased enemy action jeopardizes our remaining forces in Vietnam," said the President, "I shall not hesitate to take strong and effective measures to deal with that situation." "This is not a threat," said the President, but a statement of, his responsibilities as commander-in-chief. It nevertheless carries the dual implication of reserving the right to escalate the war, or reserving the right to halt or slow down U.S. withdrawals, or both. White House sources declined to amplify either side of this calculated ambiguity. There was no amplification by these srouces either of any of the secret "significant initiatives" referred to by the Continued on Page 17 Doves., hawks divided over Nixon speech United Press International WASHINGTON - President Nixon's speech on Vietnam left the opposing camps in Congress still divided yesterday — the doves were dissatisfied and the hawks backed him to the hilt. Both sides credited Nixon with eloquence in his address to the nation. But those opposing the war saw nothing new in what he was proposing to end the war. One of the angriest reactions came from Sen. George McGovern, D-S.D. He charged Nixon with following "the same old tired, discredited policy we have followed to the death of 40,000 Americans." "One would assume that the same men who wrote President Johnson's speeches wrote this one," McGovern said. Sen. Charles E. Goodell, R-N.Y., who has introduced a resolution asking for a definite Dec. 1, 1970, timetable on Vietnam withdrawal, commented: "He's tried this new approach and it hasn't worked." Rep. Andrew Jacobs, D-Ind., said "sadly, Gen. Ky (South Vietnam vice president) was precisely right — there was nothing new." On the other hand, House Republican leader Gerald R. Ford of Michigan said Nixon was "fully deserving of the trust and confidence of the American people." He said the best way for the United States to achieve peace in Vietnam that would discourage Communist aggression elsewhere is to "show strong support for Mr. Nixon's Vietnam policy in this moment of crisis." Speaker John W. McCormack also sup- Continued on Page 17 Optimists think VC too weak to prevail in South Vietnam Last of a Series By ROBERT G. KAISER Washington Post Service SAIGON—The National Liberation Front was a model of successful insurgency. Tightly'organized, brilliantly led, resourceful and ingenious, the Vietcong first stole the countryside from under the noses of Saigon's many governments and their American allies, then defied them to take it back. Americans in Vietnam took a long time to agree on it, but today such a definition of the Vietcong is a cliche here. Through 1967, many American officials insisted on underestimating their enemy, but the Tet offensive of early 1968 changed that. If the Tet offensive changed the conventional wisdom about the Vietcong, it also changed—and drastically weakened—the Vietcong itself; that is the new conventional wisdom of today. There is a new optimism among American officials here that is based largely on the increasingly popular theory that the Vietcong are now too weak to prevail in South Vietnam. This theory has gained wide currency in the American mission here, and it is being reported to Washington. It is probably one of the factors President Nixon is weighing most carefully as he tries to find a way out of Vietnam. The new optimists in Vietnam are not predicting that the war is about to be won, though they often leave that impression. Rather, they insist that things are going much better now than ever before, and that an independent Saigon government can prevail—with continued U.S. support—because the enemy is losing its strength inside South Vietnam. Some American officials here, including high-ranking diplomats, believe that the enemy's apparently deteriorating position in the countryside could bring a change in Hanoi's attitude at the. Paris peace talks. Thess officials speculate that the Communists may conclude that Continued on Page i

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