Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on November 4, 1969 · Page 2
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November 4, 1969

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 2

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Tuesday, November 4, 1969
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KL.rufcH.tB CITY 2 Thft Arizona Republic; BO Phoenix, Tnes., Nov. 4, 1969 Lebanon, guerrillas reach accord, but gunfire continues Associated Press " Palestinian guerrillas and Lebanon announced a settlement yesterday of their violent dispute over guerrilla forays into Israel from Lebanon. But gunfire and explosions jolted the cease-fire between them. A joint communique issued after a seven-hour bargaining session in Cairo said both sides agreed on all issues. The agreement was said to permit the commandos to move freely in some parts of Lebanon. The statement asserts: "Bound by brotherly ties and common destiny, we assure that relations between Lebanon and the Palestinian revolution should be characterized with confidence, frankness and positive cooperation that would guarantee Lebanon's sovereignty, Palestinian interests and the goals of the entire Arab nation." Informed sources in Cairo quoted Al Fatah leader Yasir Arafat as having told the Arab ambassadors that the Lebanese delegation agreed to permit the guerrillas free movement in "certain" areas. Arafat told newsmen: "You Seoul greets Apollo team United Press International SEOUL—Tens of thousands of Korean men, women and children waving American and Korean flags lined the streets of Seoul yesterday to welcome the Apollo 11 astronauts. For moon men Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin it was a sentimental return to the Asian country where they once fought against the Communists. The two Korean war veterans and fellow astronaut Michael Collins flew here from Australia via Guam with their families on the next-to-last leg of their round-the-world goodwill tour. "WE ARE NO strangers to this, country, for Aldrin and myself served here years ago," Armstrong said. "We are extremely pleased to be returning, this time on a mission of peace." The astronauts were met at Kimpo International Airport by Shim Bum-Shik, Korean minister of culture and public information, and about 500 Korean students and American residents. Following the airport ceremonies, the astronauts and their families rode in open cars in to Seoul from another formal welcome by Mayor Kin Hyon-ok at city hall. After being presented with keys to the city by the mayor, the astronauts paid a courtesy call on President Park Chung-hee. The astronauts are scheduled to leave today for Tokyo, the last stop on the tour which has taken them to more than a score of countries on every continent. are going to feel we have freedom of movement in Lebanon when you hear of the military operations against Israel/' He declined to elaborate, but he said further meetings between the Palestinian and the Lebanese authorities would "complete discussions to coordinate the policies between the two sides." Machine-gun and rifle fire and three explosions ripped the south Lebanese oil port of Sidon early today, 4 hours after the cease-fire was declared in effect. The explosions sounded like grenades. Sidon authorities refused comment on the 15- minute outburst of firing and declined to say whether there were any casualties. Informants said the shooting occurred outside Ein el Hilweh, a Palestinian camp housing 17,000 refugees. The camp had been a hotbed of guerrilla activity and was surrounded by Lebanese troops. The sources said dozens of Syrian Saika guerrillas had made their way to the camp from Rashaya, 40 miles away, scene of some of the fiercest fighting between guerrillas and Lebanese army units before the cease-fire went into effect at midnight Sunday. They speculated that some of these combat-weary guerrillas started shooting when they ran into Lebanese soldiers around the camp. Early yesterday morning, half an hour after the cease- fire went into effect, a section of the American-owned Transarabian oil pipeline in southern Lebanon was blown up. Al Fatah and the smaller Popular Front for' the Liberation of Palestine guerrilla groups disclaimed responsibility. About 100 persons were killed and hundreds more wounded in the two-week-old inter-Arab conflict. Yasir Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Fatah guerrilla movement, and Gen. Emile Bustani, Lebanon's army commander, had been conferring in Cairo with Egypt's President Gamal Abdel Nasser in an effort to work out a settlement. Soon after the agreement was announced, Beirut radio reported a further easing of the curfew clamped with varying severity on Beirut and other cities since the fighting started. Rival forces on the rocky ridges and steep ravines of 9,000-foot Mt. Hermon in southeast Lebanon continued to confront each other, however. Arafat, who has perhaps 4,000 guerrillas in Lebanon, went into the talks demanding full freedom to use that country as a springboard for attacks against Israel. The Lebanese government, fearing Israeli reprisals, said it would insist that the guerrillas coordinate their activities with the Lebanese army. MIT acts against militants United Press International CAMBRIDGE, Mass - A Superior Court judge granted the Massachusetts Intitute of Technology a temporary restraining order yesterday to block a militant antiwar group's threatened takover of the administration building today. President Howard F. Johnson met in special session with the MIT faculty and explained reasons for seeking the court order. The faculty voted 344-43 to back the move. Judge Thomas J. Spring issued the restraining order against the November Action Coalition. An MIT spokesman said the order did not prevent any peaceful demonstration • or protest, ?' The judge set Friday for a . hearing on the restraining order, NAC leaders said last week, when they announced plans for demonstrations at MIT against the Vietnam war, they-would not be deterred In their plans by court J ordejri, Johnson responded by saying he would call in civil authorities to handle any attempted takeover or disruption. (. The NAC, which includes Students for a Democratic Society, the Massachusetts Liberation Front and the Black Panther Party of Boston, said it planned to seize the administration building today. Another protest is planned at an instrumentation laboratories building, most likely Building 5, where work for the multiple independenly targeted re-entry vehicle (MIRV) missile system is conducted. The Arizona Republic Published every morning by Phoenix Newspapers, Inc. (120 East Van Buren) P.O. Box 1950 Phoenix, Ariz. 85001 271-8000 Subscription Prices Carriers or Dealers In Arizona Republic (Morn. & Sun.) 70c week Republic (Morning) 45c wk. (Circulation mail rateg appear in the Classified section of each edition.) Second class postage paid at Phoenix, Ariz. Tuesday, Nov. 4, 1969 Vol. 80, No. 172 Associated Press Lebanese soldiers man command post at Rachaya overlooking the ridge held by Palestinian guerrillas 2 miles down the slope. More about Reds launch new Viet attack Continued from Page 1 The defenses at the two camps are considered to be much stronger than those of the abandoned camps. The camps are well fortified against shell- ings. Each camp has a contingent of U.S. artillery men and Green Berets as well as the mountain tribesmen, Montag- nards. Tlie number of allied defenders at the two camps was not known. The enemy force includes an artillery battalion and the battle-tested 24th and 66th infantry regiments which laid siege to the Green Berets Special Forces camp at Ben Het during the summer. The enemy's strengthened positions in the highlands were gained with the weekend abandonment of artillery bases named Kate, Susan and Annie just south of Bu Prang. Kate crumbled under a heavy enemy bombardment which knocked out its big guns on Saturday and was the first to be deserted. Kate's guns had protected the flanks of the other two camps and with the shield gone, the defenders of Susan and Annie fled the next day. • • Associated Press correspondents Peter Arnett and Horst Faas reported from the field that some of Kate's defenders were suffering from battleshock from the constant bombardment. Men huddled in fear in bunkers and rambled incoherently. Ordered to evacuate, they clawed through their own barbed wire, ripping their uniforms to shreds. The decision to give up the outposts, according to U.S. spokesmen, was made by the region's South Vietnamese infantry headquarters which commanded the 500 irregulars at the bases, the 160 U.S. artillerymen and Green Berets left with them, regrouping at Bu Prang and later moving to other locations. Casualties on both sides were reported light overall despite enemy ground probes and the heavy artillery duels which ranged back and forth along the border. The bases, whose overlapping fields of fire provided mutual protection, were established in the past 45 days to support ground operations stretching south from Bu Prang. But as the operations pushed further south, they apparently left the two northernmost camps — Kate and Annie — exposed to the North Vietnamese attackers. While it was relatively quiet yesterday at the frontier, U.S. sources cautioned that the strong North Vietnamese forces were prepared to attack at any time. Scientist says lunar soil shows moon's earth origin United Press International DE KALB, Ill-Analysis: of the lunar soil samples supports the theory that the moon once was part of the earth and became separated in a cataclysmic tidal wave, a space scientist said yesterday. Dr. John O'Keefe of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration said the theory would explain why both the earth's crust and the moon are deficient in precious metals and nickel and cobalt. It would also explain indications of intense heat in the moon's formation, he said. O'Keefe explained in a lecture at Northern Illinois University that iron containing nickel and cobalt is concentrated in the core of the earth, where it settled when the planet was a molten mass. Iron and other metals associated with it are appar- said. BLINDNESS PREVALENT HYDERABAD, India (AP) — There are more than 4.8 million blind persons in this nation of 530 million. ently more evenly distributed in other celestial bodies, he ( • • "The fact that precious metals are missing on the moon suggests that the moon came out of that part of the earth that had been deprived of those precious metals and of nickel and cobalt. Therefore, the moon was produced by breaking off from the earth," he said. O'Keefe said the earth- origin theory would account for the intense heat that was once present on the moon, and for the lack of a "core" in the moon similar to that of earth. "The easiest explanation is that the moon was formed from the earth after the core of the earth had separated from the mantle," he said. O'Keefe is assistant chief in the branch of theoretical studies at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. He was guest lecturer at a meeting sponsored by graduate students and the faculty in the division of geology at NIU. . Party rift blamed on Mrs. Gandhi NEW DELHI, India (AP)The president of India's ruling Congress Party accused Prime Minister Indira Gandhi yesterday of disrupting party unity, charging her with "an unpardonable act of gross indiscipline." It was the second blast at Mrs. Gandhi by the old guard leadership of her party in two days and widened the growing gap between them. Congress President Sidda- vanalli Nijalingappa, in a letter to Mrs. Ghandi, condemned her for boycotting a weekend meeting of the party's policy-making body, the working committee, and calling her own meeting of the party's 700-delegate All India Congress Committee. TECHNICAL COLLEGE A Unit Of Maricopa County Junior College District ! Education For... . . . Employment! 106 E. Washington, 258*7251 PARK CENTRAL 277-3553 BOOTS HEADQUARTERS FOR The man who takes pride in his footwear selects the* . MW««I«IUI M ••» nmmi MMM im* Justin brand. 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HATS .from .from .from .from • from .from S.95 6.95 69.50 8.00 8.95, 8.95 .from 35.00 .fr?m 22.95 5.95 5.95 5.00 18.95 .from .from .from from South Korea Firms asked to offer devalues to aid exports plans for bomber fleet Washington Post Service New York Times Service SEOUL — South Korea virtually devalued its currency by 4.5 per cent yesterday in a move to stimulate exports. The state-run Korea exchange bank set the bank selling rate of the U.S. dollar at 305.1 won. It was 291.9 won to a dollar Saturday. REFUSING officially to call the move a devaluation, the government described it as a "realistic adjustment" under the floating exchange rate system adopted in May 1964, when the rate stood at 255 won to the dollar. Under the system, the currency exchange . rate may fluctuate constantly in accordance with the exchange market conditions. But the actual rate had been long fixed at around 275 won to the dollar until late last year. It began to inch up early this year. The sharp upward adjustment to a 300-won level had been predicted after President Chung Hee Park reshuffled the cabinet in the wake of his victory in the national referendum on Oct. 17 that allowed him to run for a third term in 1971. THE NEW finance minister, Nam Duk Woo, said, upon assuming his post, that the won-dollar exchange rate should be readjusted "realistically." Deputy Premier Kim Hak Yul, concurrently the minister of economic planning, also made public a World Bank recommendation for a won devaluation to match price rises, which have averaged 10 per cent a year since 1965. Yesterday's action was designed mainly to spur exports, which have been sluggish in the last few months. SOUTH KOREA'S exports this year totaled $543 million as of the end of October, or only 77 per cent of the year's target of $700 million. The country's exporters said generally that the 4;5 per cent devaluation was still inadequate in view of a 6 per cent rise in wholesale prices and a 9.8 per cent gain in retail prices so far this year. They also pointed to the current blackmarket rate of 390 won to a dollar. To minimize an anticpated adverse unflationary effect of the devaluation, the government announced yesterday a series of tight-money measures. WASHINGTON - The Air Force moved closer yesterday to development of a new supersonic bomber fleet that it now estimates could cost more than $12 billion. Five aircraft companies were asked to submit detailed proposals for the aifframe and engine for the proposed Bl bomber, formerly called AMSA (advance manned strategic aircraft). The proposals, to be submitted by next March, could lead to contracts for engineering development of the new bomber and those, in turn, could lead to production of the aircraft, which the Air Force estimates would cost about $25 million each. In its announcement, the Air Force emphasized that none of the preliminary steps commit the government to production' of the controversial bomber. Navy's Poseidon test-fires MIRV CAPE KENNEDY (UPI) The Navy's new Poseidon missile, making its 12th test flight, fired a multiple warhead (MIRV) assembly yesterday more than 1,500 miles down the Atlantic test range. The 34-foot rocket, designed to become operational aboard submarines in 1971, took off from a land firing pad with a blast of orange flame. It left a long white trail of vapor and smoke as it curved above the Atlantic and headed southeast. The missile's MIRV payload is expected to become one of the subjects of the forthcoming disarmament talks between the United States and Russia. A House foreign affiars subcommittee last month called for a halt in MIRV testing during the talks, which begin Nov. 17. Congressional opponents, who predict that the Bl will probably cost close to $50 million each, argue, however, that each modest preliminary commitment is a further foot 'in - the - door that makes cancellation of the project difficult. Critics contend that, irt>n age of missiles, the United • States should make no large investment in a new bomber. But the Pentagon has offered evidence that Russia is developing a new medium bomber, and Air Force Secretary Robert C. Seamans Jr., has told Congress that the .Bl is the Air Force's "most urgent requirement." : The Air Force has already spent $137 million on development of the Bl and has $30 million more available. ,„ The Nixon administration stepped up work on the bomber this year, adding-$23 million to the $77.2 million" Requested by the Johnson administration in the current fiscal year's budget. Attempts by opponents "of the bomber in the Senate to reduce the $100.2-million; request were defeated. The full research program, including production of test models, will cost about $2'bil- lion, according to the Pentagon, and the total cost of a proposed 240-plane fleet would be between $11.8 billipn and $12.6 billion, wuth no allowance for inflation. '' ..-if- Requests for proposals for the airframe were sent'-i-.'to North American Rockwell Corp., General Dynamics Corp. and the Boeing Co. Requests for engine proposals were sent to Pratt and Whitney Co. and General Electric Co. JAPANESE STRIKE OFF TOKYO (UPI) - A nationwide railway strike in Japan was called off yesterday after management agreed to retain 3,500 assistant engineers who were to have been transferred to other jobs as part of a staff reduction move. tke/ bcutb • 'Hurt ; mm .-:.. happen/..-. FILES $, 995 2-drawer from 50 4-drawer from grey or tan WAREHOUSE ECONOMY STORE Z of Wahh Bros. Office Equipment 2835 East Washington St. • 253-5125 1 SCOTTSDALE STORE OPEN THURSDAY TIL 9 I Had you fhoughf? 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