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•""'-?"'"" ^ EIGHT—THE MORNING AVALANCHE Lu bbojek, juirsjay^ February II 9, 0tii: 4343 For The Avalanche-Journal Offices '}; LUBBOCK MORNING AVALANCHE !•// . "Starts The Day Oa The Soulb Plains" 1 Publistea ivery rooming except Sunday ami Monday and con- iclidat»d on Sunday morntae only in ihc Sunday Avala'iche- Jourtml by the JWalanche-Journal Publishing Company, Inc., 1211 Texas Avenve. ' ' SUBSCRIPTION RATES .'3y mail only: One year $5.45. six months (3. "t, thr«« mcutbs $2.00 and or.e month 70c. By carrier only: Per reontb 75c; Combination Avalanche and Journal $1.25 per month. CHAfa. \ GUV .rfSSvifcs-, PARKER F. PROUTY Editor an-J Publisher 0 %sc*S' J3 Generol Mznsger Chf.s. W. natlLII. Managing Editor It Is Dot the Intention to caft reflection upon the character ol anyone knowingly, and If through error we should, the management will appreciate caving our ettentlon called to same and will gladly correct any erronecui statement made. An Independent Democratic newspaper supporting la Us editorial columns the p.-nclpies which It oelieves to be right and opposing those questions which tt Believes to DC wrong, regardless of party politics piTolltbing the news fairly and Impartially at all tunes. Believe It Or Not—By Robert Ripley MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press la exclusively entitled to the use for puo- llcatlon of all news dispatches credited to it. or not otherwise crcdiccd In this paper, and also the local news cub'istied herein. Entered as Second-Class Ms:! Mailer at the Postotfice at Lub- t.oclc, Texas, according to provisions of the Act oi Congress of March 5. 1879. and under the ruling of the Postmaster-General. Member of Associated Press Full Leased Wire Service OUR PLEDGE pledge ollegionce Jo the flog of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands; One Nation, indivisible, with Liberty end Justice for all. Reckless Use Of Our Ships DLEAS by Lieut. Gov. Hubertus van Mook F of the Dutch East Indies that the United Nations emulate the Japanese in "using ships recklessly" would sound more convincing if the Dutch had more ships. Despite their very heroic record, the Dutch have had relatively few ships to use in the fighting in the East Indies. The same is true of the British. Most of the fighting ships there belong to Uncle Sam. Thus, van Mook actually has proposed: Let's use YOUR ships recklessly. Would he feel that way about his own ships, if he had them? For sake of argument, let's suppose that an attempt is made to follow his advice. What would be at stake? For the Dutch: They would stand to regain or lose possessions that have made their small nation one of the richest on earth. For Uncle Sam: Success would mean no more than victory in a battle, with the end of the war still-far away and still uncertain as to outcome; defeat, which inevitably would mean loss of all of a substantial portion of our fleet, would leave our continental shorelines and our cities exposed to certain attack. For the Dutch, such strategy would mean the regaining or the losing of a source of mere wealth. For the United States, the stake might be our national liberty and our touis MEYERS COMPLETED A 4 VK. HIGH SCHOOL COURSE IN 2 MONTHS/ AT TME AGE OF 33 HE PASSED 1HE MARYLAND STATE BOARD EXAMINATION ON HIGHSCHOOLSUBJECl'S AMD ENROLLED IN WE UNWERSlTy OF BALTIMORE 1ft CRADLE OF. HENRI 12 OF FRANCE WAS TWE SHELL OF A GIANT TURTLE PROUD AMP BRAGG BUSINESS FIRM IN WH!fflER,CALlP. -SWEDISH CHESS MASTER rt-lj V. --' PLAYED 400 SEPARATE GAMES SIMULTANEOUSLY WINNING-36+- LOSING 22 - DRAWING- /4 REQUIRING 36 HOURS AND 5 MINUTES Buenos Aires. flu£. 1941 The National-Whirligig The News Behind The News WASHINGTON By Ray 'Tucker TRACTS and Figures Coordinator "Archie" MacLeish has cracked down on the radio people. Although' they cannot afford t.o fight back because of government control of their field thrcv.gh FCC, the broadcasters are dc-eply affronted by (he domestic propaganda director's invasion cf their province. The poet recently summoned the directors of the four networks to his office and told them that the wireless was not doing its patriotic duty by the country. Industry, he said, has turned over 50 per . cent of its production capacity to Uncle Sam, whereas—these are MacLeish figures—their business has contributed only 1 per cent. So he demanded— and his listeners acouiesced—that their chains stage a weekly show propagandizing tHe administration's \var effort. It will cost each organization sbout §40,000 per week .in cash outlay for an operating staff. The script is to be written by Norman Corwin, who did a brilliant scenario job publicizing the Bill of Rights celebration. While he had them under his thumb, MacLeish took time out to lecture the microphone representatives on their handling of news. It "nauseated" him, he complained, to hear heroic stories of Mac- Avthur "presented" by commercial sponsors. The poetic Yale radical said he was aggrieved by such •rassness. So in the future the firms which pay for news broadcasts may be mentioned only indirectly, ote: Newspaper and magazines soon will be orced to do the same sort of kowtowing to Washington that radio is performing. * * * SORE: The President has moved quietly to tidy up his official household and eliminate sore-thumb causes for censure. His action suggests that the White House, despite its occupant's smug and de- 'iant attitude toward criticism of himself and Mrs. Roosevelt, is concerned over the public reaction. Sere is what the Chief Executive has done in off- the-record moves: On January 29th, Lowell Mellett notified fellow press agents to reduce the number of their handouts, cut their mailing lists and use both sides of the paper in their "blurbs." On that same morning Secretary "Steve" Early ordered all official orators to submit advance copies of their speeches to Archibald P. MacLeish. A few days later the President told his wife to get the something out of the Office of Civilian Defense. Although he signed and approved the Congressional Retirement bill, FDR did a buck-passing trick. He tried to toss the full blame on Congress. * * # SUCCESS: Treasury sleuths are tracking the slow movement of American dollars to Mexico, Argentina and Brazil. As yet it is only a trickle but there are signs that it may grow into a large-scale flight. What Morgenthau's agentp would like to know is whether the flow is due to fear of United States Side Glances—By.Galbraith lives. ALL ITEMS SELF-EXPLANATORY EXPLANATION OF CARTOON (jt/tf By SAMUEL HOPKINS ADAMS Copyright, 1341, NEA Service, Inc. COPR. 1M> BY KEA SERVICE, ISC. T. M. REG. U. S. PAT. OtT. 1-I6 "I want it understood I've spent my life on the offensive, not on the defensive, and I want my bond money used accordingly!" West Coast Short Wave Stations Busy U. S. CounteY-Attacks Japs In Pacific Radio Conflict By ED KERR . NBA Staff Correspondent* S AN FRANCISCO, Feb. 18. — Uncle Sam is going to town wucuiei me j.iuw 15 uue TO lear or United otales ouk.«.- oaiu is guing iu iu\vn taxation and inflation or to the belief that South CTokio) in an invisible aerial war •That would be entirely too much of a gamble. More Help For China! I T WOULD be difficult to imagine anything more unanimous-than the endorsement -people of this nation undoubtedly give to the demands, and the assurances, m Washington that all-out aid be rushed to China in the speediest possible manner. One does not need to be a military expert to appreciate the vital part that China .is playing at this time in the war in the Far East. No one except the Japs,"themselves, know how many Japanese soldiers arc occupied there—but not even Tokyo denies that the number is large. Even a grade school child can appreciate that the .conquest of China and the release of the Jap forces and materials now employed there would be another major disaster for the United Nations. It might be a fatal one. However, it isn't sufficient that the Chinese merely should be kept in the position of being able to continue their war as they have in the past. Everything that is humanly possible must be done to supply them the equipment they must have to • wage their war most aggressively. They have-fought magnificently thus far with the merest trickling of materials and i weapons considered the absolute essentials to modern warfare. Why not give them something with which to fight, and then see what they can do? Strive to help them with an effort inspired by the knowledge that every Jap soldier, gun, plane, tank and every bit of equipment of every sort required for the war in China weakens the Japanese forces just that much on some other vital front. True, it won't be easy to get help to the Chinese forces now. It will become move difficult with every passing clay—for awhile, at least. It is not beyond the range of probability that, before long, all the avenues of aid may be severed. T3ut the leadership in Washington and of the United Nations must awaken to the realization—if they already are not awake —that in matters of this kind, people of this nation will be impatient. They don't want promises that won't be kept. And they want results—not excuses. IN THE CABIN CHAPTER XXVII While I was waiting on them, Juddy slipped across *c> the plane and pinched the revolver. She wasn't for letting Angel shoot some poor slob that might be perfectly innocent. They put off without noticing their loss. They hadn't been gone half an hour when Doc showed up at the Feederia. He was in his working clothes, and he looked white and grave. "Old Sxvpby is back," Doc said. "I've got him in the shelter." "Then everything's Jake," said. "No. He's been shot." "Shot?" Juddy forgot her feud with Doe. "What—why—" "It isn't serious. Flesh wound. I've dressed his arm." "What have they got on him?" "He was found hiding in a barn near the place." "Hiding from the airolanes." "Of course. But could" you get a mob to beliex-e that? There's something else. The woman, before she died, muttered something about a man with a red head. Swoby had that infernal red cap of his on. When they found him, he ran." "What'll we do, Doc?" "I've telephoned the State Police." "Did yoa get 'em?" "No, they're all out on the hunt. I left word." I hustled across to the Feederia and brought back my good old 45. "Look," I sai( j "Give this to Old Swoby and head him for the Big Swamp. They won't find him there. Not tonight. Lord! What's that?" But I'd heard that lost-soul wailing before. "Bloodhounds," he said. "The sxvamp is hopeless." He turned to Juddy. "Is there a bar to the door of the log shed in your back yard?" "Yes." "My God, Doc!" I said. "Are you crazy? You can't stand 'em off there." "Have you got any better plan?" "No. But—" "You don't expect me to give »woby up, surely." "I'd rather have him killed than With Our Contemporaries "Carl Meriwether and his sister-in-law, Frances Crowther, are taking- the tire regulations very seriously," A. M. Jackson observes In the Slaton Slatonite. "They have bought bicycles. Carl has put the family buggy in the stall and takes it out only on state occasions." The One Minute Sermon Wherefore now let the fear of the Lord .be upon you; take heed and do it: foi there is no iniquity with the Lord our God nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts —II Chronicles 19; 7. "We're wasting time," 'he said Juddy spoke up, kind of desperate. "Yes, we're wasting time Don't you see you can't do anything with him?" She didivt look at Doc. I think she was afraid to. "Come, Swoby," he called. Swoby came out. He stared from one to the other of us and then said something that made me almost cry. "Why must they kil me? he said. "This is not my country." "You must do what Mr. Oliver tells you. :> Juddy said to him. Something Shoved against mv leg. It was Doif. "Okay, boy," I Ea id. "Trai along. You like trouble." * * « We all went across the road to make ready. Doc sized up the log cabin and the lay of the land around it. He had his pistol. I had my old 4a whangsr. Juddy 's 12- gaugc stood in the hall corner I sneaked it and a box of shells and gave the lot to Old Swoby who'd been in the v.-ar and knew a gun when he saw it. Juddy had hung on to the gat she swiped from Hendys plane. While Juddy and I were getting out the buckets for water the sound of the dogs got nearer and more mournful. They were baying at the ford where Old Swoby waded the stream. That didn't give us too much time. Doc spoke up, quiet and business like. "This is the plan. When they come, I shall try to get a hearing. I don't want to hurt anyone. But I -do want them to believe that we're prepared to shoot if neces- • sary. Now you two go back to the mansion and keep after the troopers." "And leave you here?" Juddy said. "This is no time to argue," he said. "Go back." Juddy didn't argue. She just valked into the shack. I trailed. Dolf followed me. "For God's sake, Juddy!" Her voice shook, too, when she poke. "I'm not afraid. At least, lot very." "Morn," he said. "Mom! Get icr out!" "Don't start anything Doc," I yarned him. "I was base of a iving pyramid once. You can't hove me around. And I won't et you shove Juddy. We're staying." "They come now," Old Swoby aid. The hounds were yelling for Dlood; the mob, too. The front line of the chase straggled into the yard. Doc pushed the big door shut and slipped the bar. Old Swoby took his place at the rear window with Juddy gun. It all looked to me like bad trouble. "Everybody quiet, please," he said. "I'll do the talking." * * * He stuck his pistol through the window and fired a shot in the air. A car swung into the grounds. By its lights I could see the advance guard taking cover in the thickets. Bixie Groff and a bunch of his townies were behind one clump. "Don't come any further," Doc said. You'd have thought he was in his classroom. Quiet authority; that xvas his pitch. Some bird behind a live oak called out, "Give the fella up, Prof. We got nothing against you." "Anybody interferes, they're right liable to got hurled." Groff, with a couple of his pals, •was edging over to the left. A bullet plunked into the log above my head. Some more followed They were firing high. The car lights were switched off now, but there was enough moon so we could see a man moving forward alone. "Stop that shooting," he said. "Maurie Sears," Juddy said. "Quiet!" Doc snapped at her. "Oliver!" Scars called. "Can I have a word with you'"' "Certainly." He walked up to the door. Through my chink between the \ logs, I could see his face, stern and set. Doc . seemed to be thinking about it, for he didn't say anything for a few seconds. Then, "That's your best advice?" "It is." "Would you do it in my place?" "The case is differ—" "Would you do it in my place, Sears?" "I thought not. But you expect me to?" "No." "Thank you, Sears. Neither will I." (To Be Continued) 1340 On Your Dial KFYO Program Avalanche-Journal Station THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19 Morning 6:30 Henry King's Orchestra. C:45 Soucli Plains Bulletin Board 7:00 Soldier Boys Salute. 7:30 Newscast ITSN). 7:45 The World Todaj. 7:50 Interlude. 7:55 Snoop and Scoop. 8:00 Melody Boys. ; 3:15 Franfcie Master's Orchestra. 8:25 Headlines. 8:30 Coffee Club. 3:40 Joe Marsala's Music. 3:00 Fashions New. 3:15 What's Doing Around Luhiock 9:30 Mary Taylor. 9:45 Better Vision Ta'.lc. 5:50 Interlude. 10:00 Newscast. 10:15 Johnny Stones Orchestra. 10:30 You Ask Em—We Answer Em. 10:45 Your Organ Stylist—Bernie Howcll. ll:CO John Hughes—CommenaUter (Ml 11:15 Neighbors (TSJM. 11:30 Shades Blue. 11:55 Trade School. Aftrrnoon 12:00 Drug Store Cowboys. 12:15 Marvels of Vision. 12:30 Brunette Karpjr. 12:45 Newscast. 1:00 Liars Club. 1:10 Silver Strings. 1:30 Auction Sale. 1:45 Harry Brewer's Orchestra. S:00 Mutual Goes Calling cMBoi. 2:3!) Camp Grant In Review IMBS). 3:00 Richard Eaton — Commentator IM) 3:15 Markets. 3:20 Interlude. 3:30 Johnson Family (MBS). 3:45 Boake Carter—Commentator (M). 4:00 The Co-ed Duo. 4:15 In the Future (MBS). 4:30 Monitor Views the Sexf. 4:45 Captain Midnight (M3S). 5:rtO Music at AlviRo Rey. 5:15 Texas Tech Forum. 5:30 Ray Block's Orchestra. 5:45 Let's Talk Sports. 6:00 Fulton Lewis. Jr. (MBS). 6:15 Gus Stcck's Orchcitra. 6:30 Local Sews. 6:35 Matty Malncck'f Orchestra. . 6:55 Movls Roundup. 7:00 Newscast. 7:15 Picture Revue. 7:20 Interlude. 7:25 The World Today. 7:30 F. Y. I. (MBSi. ":45 Bine Barren's Orchestra IMB3] 8:00 Mai Hallctt's Orchestra. 8:15 Jack Starr Hunt (MBS) S:30 Varieties in Swing. 9:00 Raymond Gram Swir.g (MBS) 3:15 Dance Music (MBS). Tnclc Sam Entertains. <T?.b Galloway's Orchestra tMBS). Sons Fo- I.tarchins Men (MBS). SIGN OFF. American investments eventually will pay big dividends. An off-the-record survey indicates that most of our money is going to the Argentine. Ironically, we pegged that country's currency with a 110 million dollar loan a few months ago and we have guaranteed that we will prevent any devaluation, Buenos Aires, through our help, is selling agricultural products to the Allied powers, especially Great Britain. German firms, which we have black-listed, have transferred, their dollars into pesos. Because of these happenings Argentina bucked Sumner Welles at the Rio de Janeiro conference. Except for our transitory prosperity, the land of the pampas is enjoying more financial success from the war than .any other nation on the Western Hemisphere. Therefore it prefers to remain neutral. * * * CAIN: In his first order as Director of Civilian Defense, James M. Landis indicated that he will try to run the agency without White House interference. Here is the inside story: Ernest K. Lindley, a New Deal writer and chairman of the Speakers' committee of the National Press club, invited Melvyn Douglas, whose real name is Hesselberg, to appear before the news- writers' organization in an off-the-record chat. Melvyn, a likable and handsome chap, was scheduled to bleat his Hollywood heart before 500 Washington reporters and defend Mrs. Roosevelt, Mayris Chancy and himself. Landis heard about this scheme for a "confidential talk," to be delivered on the same day that he supplanted Mayor LaGuardia as head of OCD. "Jim" raised Cain. He' requested the movie star to tell the whole truth or not orate at all. So the Hollywood actor's address was just another innocuous speech! + * * NEW YORK By Albert N. Leman rnHE incredible dash by the Scharnhorst, Gneis- -f- enau, and other elusive blockade-runners is the . first move in Germany's anticipated spring drive gainst Russia—struck two months ahead of the Lpril thaw and by way of the sea rather than .cross the steppes. Such is the unique explanation >£ the wars most amazing escape, gleaned from Jew York officers high in naval circles. The runaways now will be repaired and refitted ii safe drydocks after which they will move ecretly into the land-protected Baltic for maneu- over the Pacific—the war of the radio waves. From General Electric short- wave station KGEI V in San Francisco, and from other transmitters along the Pacific coast, he is telling the prooaganda blinded .lapanesn people themselves the truth about the war. He is 'flashing words of encouragement to General MacArthur's valiant band, and he is counter-attacking Axis propagan- 9:30 10' '.I:' I' . t , y to burn us ou.. Doc said. "We'd better roll tna t ram barrel in. We'll need buckets." That guy Vncught of everything. - Ling Assumes New -YOU might as weii give him! L3uties At Texas Tech up Oliver." "So that yon and your friend:; <:an lynch him?" "I'll never have a hand »n another lynching. Not at Tambay." (Well, I knew why that v a- > Doc said: "Will you guarantee 10^deliver him safely to jail?" "I can't guarantee anylhi But I'M do my best.' anything. believe that. Sears. But I ' "There isn't much time," Maune Sears said. "As your friend, Oliver, I beg you to turn the -nan over to me." Duties as a research assistant in the nursery school at Texas Tech nological college have been as sumed by Dr. B. C. Ling, wh came to Lubbock recently, saic Miss Sannie Callan, head profes sor of child development an'( family relations. Dr. I,ing is jiidi. g in- a projcc in which study is being made o emotional and mental traits o children who can be conditione for basil metabolism tests, reveal ing the amount of energy expend ed. Buy A Defense Bond TODAYI •ers, target practice, or even action against Red hipping. Then on another storm-blackened night hey will slip into the North Sea and raid our con- 'oys carrying lend-lease munitions to Soviet ports n the Arctic Circle. The first major fleet action Between capital ships of the Axis and the United States may erupt, not among the fronded atolls of he Far East — as everyone expects — but off the frozen fjords of Norway. Already California planes, Michigan tanks, and Massachusetts guns are pouring steadily into Archangel through a narrow lane plowed by ice-breakers. Hitler's heavily armed raiders must slit this Jugular vein or Stalin's veterans will have replaced all their battle-wrecked euipment in time for the May crisis. Hence the great gamble, which risked a navy on a single, mad adventure — and won. * a * GAULS: The present confusion in Quebec over the forthcoming dominion plebiscite to determine whether the government can renege on its pre- election promises not to vote conscription for overseas service, is no surprise to those who understand the provincial viexvpoint Two years ago, when Mayor Houde of Montreal declared against the draft and was imprisoned for his boldness, there was talk of revolution. The hubbub died down after assurances by politicians that the act was only for national defense, but a xvary eye was kept open. Several factors determine the attitude of the habitat. He is by nature deeply religious and pacifistic. He holds no rancor against ths empire but that streak of Norman stubbornness, which has enabled him to conserve his race and culture through centuries of English rule, compel htm to resist decimation of his small numbers in far-off corners of the world in order to uphold the power which once proved his undoing. The French consider themselves primarily Canadian and not British. Though past grievances r,o' longer arc keen, they are very much aware that the land of their forefathers with its wealth of natural resources is in the hands of Anglo-Saxon capitalists, while they must live poorly and abide by Vhe economic dictates of outsiders. The -well-educated French-Canadian has a hard time competing with persons of British blood. Even in his own province the more desirable jobs in the professions and industries inevitably are assigned to the latter Transplanted Gauls form one-third of Canada's population, yet they hold only a small percentage of the civil service appointments and of the salary list. This experience has fostered a revival of nationalism in recent years and to some extent explains the lack of unity in the Maple Leaf's \var effort. 'Copyright McClure Newspaper Syndicate^ If you don't believe this is a crazy world, you're pretty well nuts yourself. Station KGEI broadcasts messages of encouragement and cheer to our troops on the Pacific battle fronts. Above, Mrs. Ida Head, of San Francisco, sends greetings to her brother, John Henry Field, serving with the XI. S. forces in the Philippines. da in all the occupied and unoccupied countries of Asia. The whole Pacific Basin is within easy listening distance of KGEI. Before the war, letters from Siberia to Australia, from Patagonia to Capetown, brought evidence of listeners throughout four continents. * * * SWUNG INTO ACTION- AFTER PEARL HARBOR 1~\ECEMBER 7, therefore, gave J--' real responsibilities to KGEI, as the voice of America in the Pacific theater of war. Since then, KGEI has increased its broadcasting day from 15 to 17 hours, thrown put most of its musical and variety programs, replacing additional transmitters located along the Pacific Coast. This makes it almost impossible for the Japanese to jam all of the wave lengths at any one time. Languages broadcast before the war included: English, Dutch, French, Spanish, and the txvo Chi, nese dialects, Mandarin and Can- tones. Since December 7, Thai, Tagalog, and, of course, Japanese, have been added. Tagalog, langauge of the largest and best educated Filipino group, was .of particular value during the siege of Manila. Word has come from General MacArthur's forces, now grimly holding on Bataan'peninsula, that real assistance in morale building was performed by KGEI during the critical days before the fall of Manila, when the station, in addition to its regularly scheduled programs, kept up a continual oarrage pC special programs and messages in English, Spanish and Tagalog to the islands' population. ^ - * * JAPANESE GET . WAR NEWS STRAIGHT \ A REGULAR program in Tagalog * called "Freedom for the Philippines," and many special programs in English continue to cheer the gallant Filipinos and Americans, fighting side by side on Bataan. The news in Japanese, as in all other langauges, is straight and unbiased, withholding no more information than the American press is called upon to do. The purpose of these propaganda-free news periods is to build confidence and good will for the United States.. News of American" and enemy losses is 'announced fre»'y, to show all listeners that we are not afraid to admit our losses, nor do we exaggerate enemy losses. There are two programs designed for Japanese •consumption, repeated in both English and Japanese txvice a day. The early broadcast of news and the feature "Japan versus Japan" in English, folloxved by the_ nexvs and "Japan versus Japan" ' in 'Japanese, is broadcast for the benefit of the them with news periods, and added three new languages to its existing roster of five languages and two Chinese dialects. Ever since Sunday, Dec. 28. when the Japanese jammed a program being sent tc the beleaguered Philippines, with the ominous false news that San Francisco had been bombed, KGEI's programs have been going out on ffom two to four other wax-e lengths from Japanese in Haxvaii and Alaska. Later, these same programs are repeated for Japan proper, when reception in Japan is at its best and the listening hours are more conducive to securing large audiences. "Japan versus Japan," prepared in great part by Col. Bill Donovan's Coordination of Information office, is designed to show the Japanese how they have been led into this war by the military clique at the head of the government. Name o£ the Japanese announcer of those Japanese programs is not announced for obvious rca- sons, but he is an American-born college graduate and a college instructor in Japanese. Funny Business 'Ha says he can't do it any other way hut helly-flop!?'