The Paris News from Paris, Texas on July 9, 1934 · Page 5
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July 9, 1934

The Paris News from Paris, Texas · Page 5

Paris, Texas
Issue Date:
Monday, July 9, 1934
Page 5
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FARM NEWS OF THE WEEK INTERPRETATION OF BANKHEAD ACT IS GIVEN Provisions, Cotton Law For '34 Given Procedure For Making Application For Allotments Ha* Been Explained inch, middling spot cotton, but itt no event l«s« than, five cents per pound of lint cotton. Ginners and other persons liable for the tax shall make monthly reports under oath and in a manner prescribed by th« Commissioner of Internal Revenue an* I pay the tax when du» without no~ f tice from the collector. If the tax is not paid when due there wil! be an added penalty of oce. per centum per month from date until paid. No rax will be levied upon cotton harvested prior to June 1. 1334. cotton harvested by aay publicly-owned experiment station or agricultural laboratory. cottou bavins a staple of one and one- half inches in length or longer, or on cotton harvested in any crop See&u*e of tiie interest throughput th» country in the Cotton Act of April 21, 1934, commonly _ known MS the "Bankhead Act," a 1 year from each farm equal to its •unnnary .and discussion of the i allotment. act is beiny published this week. | Payment of the tax on cotton All information contained in this j * o be stored- may be postponed at atory acmes from the county j the time of sinning, but shall be a«ent and tne cotton adjustment j psid at the time bale tass are ob- acsitttnt and is approved by both. ^rel! as the Agricultural Ad- Administration. A sum- tained for such cotton. However, until the tax is paid the. cotton »o stored* shall be subject te a lien sjary of the act is as follows: j in favO r of the United States. Th* purpose of the act is to re- j A producer of cotton desiring to Ii«ve the- economic emergency in ! obtain tax-exemption certificates th» cottoa industry, to promote j mus t file application, under oath. •rderjy marketing of cotton, and { on ; O rr£is supplied by the secre- tt> raise revenue for paying ~ddi- i tarv of agriculture. tioaal benefits under the Ajrricu!- ] Exemption certificates specify- turml Adjustment Act. 1 ? ns +3,3. amount of cotton exempt -The- atct is in effect only for the I from tax shall be issued upon *p- crop year besrinrting' June 1. 1934, j plication for same to producers and ending May si. 1935. The j vvho are entitled to them- president may. however, proclaim i Certificates can be transferred the «.ct in effect for the crop year I only from one producer to another '"" ~ ---~ if the economic eraer- I on the same farm. in coton production and | All tax-paid or tax-exerapt cot- maxJcetint continues. If the pres- 1 ton must b* identified by "bale tass id«nfc inmkcs such a proclamation. | affixed under regulations pre- the tax provided for by the act ] scribed by the commissioner of in•will come into,effect only if thd j temal revenue. secretary of agriculture finds that \ two-thirds of the persons who liave tbe risrit as owner, tenant, •Jiarfc-cropper or otherwise to produce cotton favor the levy of th*s st&te. county and farm allotments under the act are barney upon a five-year average production. "With 1C.OOO.OOO bales allotted to the United States. Texas has tax aod; if he finds that the tax 1 !y»*n Riven an allotment -of 3.S37.- j i* n*e«ssary to estrry out th* pol- | 530 bales. rjLm*r county's 1cy of the act. If the act and Tax { is 35.452 bale*. are to be in effect for a eecor.<I I In order to clarify interpreta- erop y«*r. the secretary of agri- ! tion of the cotton act. the follow- \cnJtttr* sha.II proclaim at least 50 | ingr terms have been defined: days b«fore June 1. 1935. tb~ i SHAKB-CROPPER: A person number of bales that may be s?iri- j enaraired in cotton production n«d exempt frora the tax during- J Ts-hose labor is paid for by a share tit* crop year 1?3S-1?S6. | of ta« cotton or a share of the Tfce tax on ginnlrtsr of cotton is I proceeds of cotton produced by l«vi«d at th* rate of 50 p':r centum | him. A share-cropper usually fur- «f th*» av^rstse c^ntra.1 market j nishes only the labor arid receives p«r _r>o«rid of seven-eiRhth-s l one-half the crop or one-half the proceed*. ' • SHARE , TBKANT: A person producing cotton who pay* rent for the land he farms by a share of the cotton produced on the land or by «. share of th* proceeds from cotton produced on the land. A snare tenant-usually furnishes labor, animals and equipment and pays as rent one-third of the grain crop* and on*-fourth of the cotton crop, or that proportion of the proceed* from such crops. STANDING RENT TENANT: A person who pays a fixed quantity of product* each -year. CASH TENANT: A person who pays a fixed amount of cash as r«nt_ :LANI>I,ORJ>: A person -who hires labor in the production of cotton, rents land to another and pays as wage* a share of the crop or who receives as rent, a share o* the crop or proceeds from the crop. FARM: In the case of land covered by 1934-1935 cotton acre- aye reduction contracts, the land covered by one contract. In the cass of land not covered by 1S34- 1935 cotton acreage reduction eon- tracts, the term farm shall mears any land used in the production of cotton within a. county under the same ownership plus any land •within such county rented for cash or "standing rent to such o-wner or land used in the production of cotton "within a county rented to the same person for cash or starsd- injr rent and operated from the same farming: headquarters. PRODUCER UNIT: Any tract of land on -which cotton is pro- <juced tvhich is operated by a share tenant vrithout the aid of a -sharecropper, the o~wrr»er, a cash tenant or standiryr rent tenant. -with "his O-WTI labor or -with hired labor. CERTIFICATES: Tax exemption certificates issued by the secretary of agriculture under the cotton act. ASSISTANT IN COTTON ADJUSTMENT: Assistant county agent in each cotton producing county, who is in charge of work in connection with the cotton act. Allotment* shall be made to each farm on ^riich cotton is produced upon application upon the prescribed forms. Three copies must be filed for each farm. Allotments to farms containing: rnor* than s on- producer unit snail be> prorated according- to the production -of the farm. standing rent ten- FOR PRODUCER Due to the interest In th* Cotton Act, ^commonly r*ferr«* to as tne "B*nkhe*d Bill," on the part of landowner*, landlords and tenants producing cotton throughout ibis section, the Farm Pa^re of the X«*»' this week is being 1 devoted to & summary and an explanation of this act. Although th* Uw itself is sot belnr published, all th* more important interpretations of the provisions are included. All Information *lven has been approved by the county acent. the assistant county ajent and. the Agricultural Adjustment Administration. cropper to another on tha cam* farm. County committees, wiih the ap provai of the county ajrent, may make any changes deemed necessary with respect to the number of-cotton-producing communities in the county and assign the pro*>ei- number of community committeemen to these communities. County committees shall review- all applications for certificates file<* with them and make recom- i ants, each tenants iiid share tcri- I ants or share-croppers operating ] entire farm* may sign applica- ] lions for allotments and for tax: exemption certificates. A gr e n t s may be appointed to act for either of these classes. Share tenants and share-croppers operating an entire fans shall sign applications with the landlord. Either landlord or tenant may sigri application blanks alonfr. though ths name of both must appear'on the | application. j In the case of a farra or plac- i tation -where there is more than 1 one producer unit, the owner or i landlord must norify all share ten- I ants or share-croppers of the al\ lotTneni for their units. These E *hare tenants or share-croppers may appeal to the county committee if he thinks his allotment is nor in proper proportion to the farm allotment. Tax exemption certificates TsriH. be issued by the secretary upon I application therefor and upon satisfactory proof that th* producer is= entitled to such certificates. Each cotton producer -will receive certificates cov^rlnjr the amount of cotton allottetl to him a* tax- exe-mut and trill surrender these | certificates to th-e sinner -when the cotton i« srinned in'e for tascs tchich are placed on the bale. Certificates •w'hlch are lost or de- j stroyed cannot be replaced. Share j tenants and share-croppers tc-ho i operate producer units TV!!! receive i certificates sn accordance with | their share of the allotted tax-ex- I ompt cotton to be- produced on the | farm. ' Certificates may be transferred from one snare terja-nr or .share- piration of such crop -year. Such cotton may be stored in the seed, but bale tags win have to be obtained before th* cotton can be sold, regardless of the year the- sale occurs. Seed cotton harvested during a year when the tax is in effect cannot be exported. j A producer may. by filling- out the proper form, remove his cot- I ton from the and store it en the faraj or such other place as may bo permanent without paying mendatlons regarding the allot- } the tax at the time of ginnine. ment of tax-exempt cotton to each ; wil j fcav-e to «n out a. form, faow- applieant. shall Community committees establish community headquarters and. a.t such place, shall receive. assist in preparation of. check and ever. -which grives information in- cludins the sinner's name, the name and address of the producer. the place where the cotton was produced, the daze of ginning, the pass upon application for certifi- place of storage, the number and cates. AH applications and other | xr€! i sl , t of bales, and the serial i*?3. **V ITl'fforTtt'yt T^ft'^ *5T%^T1 . O*^ ««__ t. _ -^ _* -.i__ ^: * , > _ j »_ _ A necessary information shall be submitted to the county agent or county assistant at designated in- number of the lien card attached to each bale. Bale ta^s may be obtained ^°i* tervals for the appropriate action any part or all " of such C0tl0a at of the county committee. j an y ^^^ after j-iunirig upon pav- The amount of tax-exempt cot- { ^1* to the collector of internal tor. allotted to each county will | reve nue of the amount of tax d on v.-nicrj cotton nas surrender of an equivalent amount been planted during the period of tax-exemption certificates. 192S-19S3. This proration to in- Tax-exemption certificates Trill dividual farms tvill be made on j j> e iss^e^ on i y to cotton producers the basis of the average acreage j rnajdng application for and estab- arsd production of cotton during j K^ins the right to exemption . the base period 192K-1932 or on i f rol n ihe tax. The certificate- con- the basis of the actual planted | ^^^ of a series o f coupons. There acreage in cotton multiplied by an j ^^ I.QOQ coupons of five pounds assigr»ed yield if cotton \vas plant- ; each, thus making: a. total of ed ir- 1933 only. An allotment 5i 0 Qf ] oounds ir. each full certifi- basis will be computed for each farm on the basis of the ^c and production of cotton or. the farm during the base period. Tbi« allotirient basis TTill then be used in computing the allotment o? tax- exempt cotton that the farm ^-ill receive. The allotment basis in the case of a farm for -which a 1334-1935 cotton acreage reduction contract has been signed \vill be the permitted acreage, in cotton that may be planted on the farm in 1934, multiplied by the adjusted average yield allo-wred under the ternts of the contract- In t case of ! justed, if 'neces LOOK AT SAND farms not under contract, the information submitted will be ad- in order that the averages finally determined for such applicants may be on ?basis comparable tvith the adjusted, average acreage and production date of contract signers. j-.pp!ications lor allotments of tax-exempt cotton and for :ax-ex- certiiicates •w-iil b& made h the local cornmltleemen. rx. cash, tenants and standIng: rent tenants ~«i2! make indi- vidca! applications, though a share tenant or s. snare-cropper -svho operates sn er;tlr3 unit may sign I 3. joint application •with tbe otvn- er or landlord. "TThen desired, either the laziclorc or tenant may sign alone though the application must bear names of both. Ji.pp!icauorts must be made on rorrns issued by the Secrer.a.ry 01 Asricuiture, each of which will ••• ~t:iin inforr-sation as to a.'re;.: • of farms, acreage planted !•> cu,-on during the ba^se pt-r:od, 192S-T53:!. yitld for each •>:" th-' live years in trie base period. In bales arid in pounds, yield p--r u<*r- in pounds, and total production each year- All applications must be sworn to. County agersts, county committeemen and community corn- minister such oaths -x:tl:f>ul charge. Affidavits n;ay also be sisra'frd before any notary pub'ie or other person authorized, to ac- minist^r oatns. though rr.ost pro- c-jcrers -will probably avail tl;cn:- selves of tl-.e free service \vhie-: may be administered by conim:-- f, MOST PEOPLE KNOW that th* pric** of "All Thre* ? * low-priced cars *m pratty much alilnft. Model* may differ * f*rw doQars * . . but it** •«/• to •ay that a Plymouth Special Six, d«Iiv«rwj at your door, costs about the sam* ms th* comparable mo«Ul of either of Plymouth's two competitors. So -wrhen you look at "All Three" today. .. there's only one thing to think about.. .WHICH IS THE BEST CAR—1»H1CH GIVES YOU THE MOST FOR YOUR MONEY? We'IUadmit "All Three" are food automobile*. But before you buy arty, consider theee thinr*: When you step on the brake* will that car atop dead in Its tracks? When your wife and children drive away, will you know they are safe, in a body of cteel reinforced with steel? Even if Plymouth COST MOKE, which it probably doesn't, it would be "worth it. The Special Six has Hydraulic Brakes, Safety-Steel Body, and th* same Individual Wheel Springing that is used on the most expensive cars for a more comfortable beck-eeat ride* It has Floating Power to end vibration. It has the luxuries that make you prood fo own « c«r. Yet its price is rifht in line with comparable models of its two biggest oompetstorm. Look at the price* on th* right. See th* car at any Dodge, DeSoto or Chrysler dealer. Then decide. PRICES AND FEATURES OF THE NEW PLYMOUTH SPECIAL SIX 4-Door Sedan $620 2-Door Sedan $580 Town Sedan $655 Business Coupe $560 Rumble Seat Coupe $390 HYDRAULIC BRAKES. A**«y* *q«HK»*dL SAFETY-STEEL BODY- BMC *•**»- FLOATING POWER » X ^V *fic*y K*«» INDIVIDUAL WHKEL SPRINGING. B*«t of —Vali* mtrnl Iwttrtx—OB PLYMOUTH MOTOR CORPORATION Community comrr.!tte? ? assist operators in filiinj plication forms -scil! crr th«:r fanvliiar- Ity farm for "which the application is rr.ade and that he is sati?:'^ that the rer>res«ntatior:s rnade by the rrodneer are in accord with the -Tacts as thfry ar^ knoivr. t^ hirrs. At the close of each or at such time- as is conver-ors'. apr'::- c-atiort forni? approv-r-i b" *r;e rommunity committee v. •;'• bo submitted to the cour;:> r ;-mr!^:t- tee for the exam ion -"••.: rcc- n^. Th-? ccv.ntv rorrt- -will consider each .-trplica- i:-?n with resrard to st.JT^ents nmde by the producer :*.-,d wi'tl s 3 vise with the comrnv. "•,"-.• oo;r.- i-.rltteemars who o £ rtif;ed t-> the applieatior. recarvilnr ?r-y s-.atc- -rrertts that tho coi-.-.t'- co^tn:;:- tce may consider in «"-r^ \Vhen approved by the c-?"rsty committee, appItcatiiTin? wi" t>e sisme-ct by r-T:e rnernber of the- county committee arrd by the roursty szrer,* and s-abirnrted to th^ State A"ot- rrer.t >«• distributed Tc» iarioloT-JTs, arnl s=> or share-ororpers a.-cord«rsc to their fritt-res: in *he crop. T^fiTKJJord* will be recu : .r*<7 ;,-• furnish the ran.e .i-d RcMress •>f each share tenar.t and share- ..-r;>pper or-, the "and rh:tt "he c«r-er- »{•«. He will also make an esti- rv-r\t* of the nor:^.i* r>*<v? i:c-','-Or, of cetton on 'arul wcrSed by each tenant or share-cropper ^n<1 or; T*nd -worked by'f XT -c\ :th shs« re- croppe cate- Tbey are printed in one j long strip caving 200 lines with j 10 coupons or a value of 5Q j pounds to rhe. line. The coupons begin ai five near " the point at •wrriicix the strip is attached to the cover ajid increase in number until the total of 5,0{H> pounds is reached The certificate has a. headiris in. tvhich -wriii be entered the name of the person or persons to whom issued and the application serial number of the farm lor •w.-hich an allotment arid exemption certificate -were obtained. JL certificate -may be used only by the person or persons to •whom ir was issued. Any coupon detached from the certificate •will be worthless if torn off by any person other than or an authorized agent of ihe government. Persons receiving: tax- eseiri ?tion •.rrtifics.tes should take care of them as they are valuable and no provision is to replace one that is lost, stolen or destroyed. When s. farmer has a. bale of cotton,Binned an*! -weighed,.lie win pr^serit his gin ticket together -virh his e^vemption certificate to the jrinner. Trie ginner Tvili tear cut an amount or coupons from the certiflcsts ecjua.1 to the net Tveight of lint cotton in the "bale and attach securely to the bale a tag- which -will identify it in the future as tax-exempt cotton or as cotton ort which the tax has been r-aJc. The net weight of the. lint per ba.:e will be the gross -weight less zhe weight of haggin^ and. The cotton acr provides a, fine not exceeding SI. 000 or imprisonment for not more than six pionths. or both fine anc ircpris- oitrnerit. shall be imposed -up-on any t>ersorj tvho, •wilfully violates any prevision of the act: fails to pay. v.-hen <3ue, any tax irr.p-osed iind-rr- the act; with intent to ce- frsTjd. falsely rrsalves. forges alters or counterfeits any bale tag or e-er- tJf:ca:-= of eic^rrrptiori. or any plate or file -used, or "isrhich may be x:seti in th-? rnar.tifact^r^ thereof: makes. "s^s. s?Ti5. or has irs hi? poss^s- tfprt ar.y paper ir, imitation of the psp^r used in the manufacture of nr.y ba.Te tax or certificate: has !r> hi? possession any bale tag "which shox:ld have been destroyed, &s re- qt:!r-?<= by the act: re-u?es sny bale tasr required to be destroyed by the act: nlaces any cotton in any bale •which has been filled and stampe-d. tagged or ctr?er^"ise identified under the act. without destroying the bale ts.j; Previously affixed to such bale: affixes any bale tsg. urider the- act. to arsy bale of lint cotton on which th? tax du* :s= -jripaie: ma fees any false statement irt ar.y application for bale tasrs cr certificate-? of ex- emptiori urtdrr the act: or has tn h!s possession any tag or certificate ot" exempt! c« by h 5 .rt"! other^'is?* than as provided iti the a<-T, eruption certificates covering the amount of the cotton grinned, or wh«n he pays the tax While these bale tags must be stored safely, the Act does not require them to be kept in a. safe- The same office equipment us«d for safekeeping; gin records under lock could be considered, in the judgment of some ginners, a safe storage place for bales tags. The Act requires an affidavit from producers who wish to take their ginned cotton home, store it. and postpone payment of the tax. This affidavit may be sworn to before any county a^ent or coucty or community conunitteensan. These agents and committeemea were empowered by a joint Congressional resolution to administer oaths in connection with application for tax-exemption certificates and they can also administer oaths to producers desiring to store cotton. These services are available free to farmers who -wish to postpone payment of the tax. Many eianers had the erroneous izn- pression thar'these affidavits racist be sworn to before a notary public- Representatives of the Bureau of Internal Hevnue -will visit gins monthly and administer oaths free of charge in the case of gin returns. Gin operators also are required to give bond for the performance of their responsibilities under the Act bu f ihe Bureau of Internal Eevenue has advised the Administration that two individual sureties wil! be acceptable on any such bonds. This means that any property owner with sufficient unencumbered property may go on a Sinner's bond. Cully A. Cobb, chief of the cot- ion production «Mitton, Agrlcnltur* al Administration, said h» f*lt sinners would realize the simplicity of the Act and its administration: when its actual provision* and th* program for carrvisg it oat *r» better understood and wh«tt th» Sinners begin operation. XOTICK TO \VATEK CONSUMERS "Water bills racist be paid on. before May loth in order to the 10 per cent discount. OF WATER WORKS CALL 401— WT« will buy or trad* for your old furniture- Com* in to M* u» Cor the best values in homa fur- . H. Baker Furn. Co. House That Sells For RADMOR TOURS Two "World's Fair parties sow being organized by Mrs. !>. N- Duncan, assisted by other club makers. Parties leave Paris July 21st and Augrust ISth- Mrs. D-iscan has conducted a number of educational tours from coast to coast, including parties to San Francisco sad Santiago expositions in 1915. Address 265 S. Church Sr., Phofi* Cottor. sinners throughout the cottorz belt have been advised by tbe A«rr:c*!Hural Adjustment Administration that th'ere •will b« very little 1 '"red tape" conaecte'd -ssrith their re?r-or:sibiUt:es xir t «2er the- Bankhead Cotton Act. The administration based its statement on an interpretation of the Bankhead Act ir. relation to Dinners prepared for it by the Bureau of Internal Revnue. This shewed the procedure aHow«2 tender the !»•«•' is extremely s:rrtp:e. The statement was tssxied be- CiiU'S-e rsuTnerotis ifir.Tiers who ha.v<» misuTiderstood the pro%~isior:s a.n<J operation of the Bankhead Act have complained recently about th« "rexi tape" wh:ch they feared •cvouisS be connected with its ad- tr, i rt sst ra ti t> n, The Act levies a *AX oi 50 p«*r cent cf the xrerage centra! market , I which r px>ur«d of Hut cottos. has been deterirtined as 1 I 11.3-* c*nts on all cotton (rim rac-h *hjir*r tt>nar anil th^> Tsnd^ord acx-ordv ratio that t^<» estimat*-..! vro<5wction on the farm. The cotton act <1f»*s r.c th« amouRi of cotton that any *• sswtv c^-cw a-^.d rtarvcst. ; . «»», *> . i Vnder the st»t«t« the average cen- al] cotton ift excess or his ; , ,_ ^ __";,. , rh5»* CS 'iny I ^ uads net w «'^ h * to be si a'bov* the 10.4oO.25r bales of 47S- '!xed as th* *pt \-» "«.vi-,v---->t "•% 1 trs * nciaricet price may b« again de- a tax. The t*x ^ecomos \»uV on h-rnMa*d should the Secretary of *xc**s cotton at tl>e tiwe thr Tvilo ! Asrieullur* deem it desirable. In tas. ar« oMatn*d for such cotton, j -<> «*««. how*x-*r. may the tax t» Cotton harx^stt^ during a crop •«» *>•*« * iv « c*^^ * Pound, wim respect to which th<- tax- j Bale l *S» ar * to *>* M»ued to li\ fTfufii wiT?. wlv*>n jjirtTK**!. ^>? »giino< 3 rr?i wri<v will attach them to '"••-<• <ff> th«> tax ev<»n th-v»*ri I a ^ cotton srlnned thi* s«a»on when occur* »ft*r Ux* eat- ] the. producer »ttrpead*rs t«|x-ex- DHL'S CLEARANCE VITALITY SUMMER FOOTWEAR m a In the Charmed Circle of smartness, fit, economy and vitalitv with which these shoes surround your footsteps- Street, sport and afternoon styles in the season's smartest materials are ready for your selection. And every style youll find tailored " fit" and the foot-conforming support which leaves you rested and relaxed. " Were $6 and $6-75 Now VITALJTY neaU/i s/w All White and Gray at Th» Price Atoka, Antlers and Hugo Bus Line ^-TIME TABLE— Bos Leaves Hu^o For Antl«r» and Atoka at 9KX) A, M. and 6^0 P. M. Good coniKX'tioufS at Atoka for McAIester. Mus*og«e and Tulsa, Also Good CVMinectfons at Atok* for Ada, Setninole, and Oklztboaui City. Fare* frono Huyo to the foBowmg» towrss to Antlers . . 5Oc Hugo to Mcvkogee $3.63 Hujo to Ada . . . $2.45 Hugo to Seminole $3.15 Ku«o to Atoka , . $1.50 Hugo to McAJester $2.40 Hugo to Tuba . . $4.35 Hugo to Skawnee $3.50 I bare bcuRht a uew Lu* so ask about tbe new bu.» aod tbe rMtarcr w»-j Sair« Ti«K' and Money »nd RWe My Bw*. B. A. MUNGLE^ Operator

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