"To know how to grow old is the master work of wisdom, and one of the most difficult chapters in the great art of living." -Frederic Amiel (3Ihe . Jfeurs Serving The Top 0' Texas M Years WEATHER Twenty per cent chance of rafo tonight, 30 per cent Thursday. Partly cloudy and warm through Thursday. High in upper 80s, low near 60. Yesterday's high, 82. Today's low,57. Moisture: .25inch. VOL.6H~.NO.59 Circulation Certified by ABC Audit THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14,1972 (16 Pages Today) HE KNOWS a bottleneck when he's in one. Whitcy the pup and a pair of Los Angeles twins, Doug and Tom Smith, get together with a supcrjar to make an environmental point—a milestone in the recycling program of the glass container industry. The jar symbolizes the billionth glass container reclaimed for conversion into new bottles or secondary products such as street paving and building materials. Grover Fails To Wrest Control Of His Party GALVESTON, Tex. (AP) Gubernatorial candidate Henry C. Grover failed in an apparent attempt to grab control of the state GOP party Tuesday when the Republican state convention delegates refused to pass a resolution calling for ouster of the state chairman and vice-chairman. The resolution, brought to the floor in a minority report from the resolutions committee, was dumped by a tabling motion passed by a controversial voice vote. Grover triggered the minority report in a dramatic speech earlier in which he said the state party leaders were not aiding him in his election campaign. He asked that the state chairman, Dr. George Willeford of Austin, and vice-chairman, Mrs. Malcolm Milburn of San Antonio, be replaced. Citing "tradition" and procedures in the Democratic state party, Grover said as the GOP gubernatorial candidate, he should be empowered to have a voice in selecting party leadership. "You delegates represent the voters who gave me an overwhelming mandate," he said. "I ask you to go on record with a resolution calling for a state executive committee meeting to select new party leadership. "I'm asking you to pass a resolution instructing a state executive committee to elect a chairman and vice-chairman who will unify the party for a great victory in November," he said. The speech followed a massive and colorful demonstration which jammed the aisles of the convention center with delegates who shook the building with war whoops and massive chants of "Go Grover Go." During the 15-minute demonstration, Grover, wearing a bright white suit, reached from the convention stage to shake hands with hundreds of supporters. He laughed, shouted and paced with excitement as the demonstrators wound up and down the aisles, carrying red, white and blue signs and unleashing gas-filled balloons that littered the auditorium ceiling. Grover's speech stunned the delegates who had sat through hours of speeches Tuesday calling for party unity and for efforts to heal wounds caused by the primary runoff campaign which Grover won last month. His comments followed by only minutes a speech by Sen. John Tower, who called for party unity. "This is no time for fighting among ourselves," Tower said. "Our differences must be left behind us and we have to pull together." But Grover ignored the senator's advice and shattered the previously calm and delibarate convention with his speech. Party leaders immediately huddled and Willeford later told newsmen that Grover's action was "a challenge to Tower's party leadership." "Tower is the titular head of the party," he said. "I was hand picked. When these people do anything to me, they take on Tower. And they better bring lunch," Willeford said he had no fear for his position: "I've done my homework. I've the votes." Other party leaders wondered if Grover had done his homework. Peter O'Donnell, former national committeeman from Texas and still a powerful force in the party, said the current convention was limited only to national issues and what it can consider. A September convention in Dallas, he said, will elect state party officers. And even if Grover's resolution passed, said O'Donnell, the convention could not order the executive committee to meet. This can be done only by the chairman or by members of the committee, said O'Donnell. Tower, who left the con- Beauty Pageant Open To Surrounding Towns An enlarged Miss Top 0' •Texas Beauty Pageant is scheduled here Saturday, Aug. 12. at 8 p.m. in the new air-conditioned M.K. Brown Memorial Auditorium. Neighboring towns in the Top 0' Texas area are being invited to participate in this year's contest, along with local beauties sponsored by Pampa business concerns and civic organizations. Doug Coon, director of last years pageant, will again be in charge of the production, which is expected to attract 25 to 30 contestants. A cash prize of ?250 will go to Miss Top 0' Texas, with $100 cash to the first rurmer-up, and $50 cash to the second runner-up. To be eligible a girl must be between the ages of 16 and 21, properly endorsed by a civic club or business firm. Local contestants will be sponsored by business firms and civic organizations within the city. Neighboring towns will be limited to one contestant sponsored by the town's Chamber of Commerce or similar organization. A $15 entry fee will be required with enttry forms to be submitted to the Pampa Chamber of Commerce by July 15. The winner of this year's pageant will represent the Miss Top 0' Texas Pageant at the Wheatheart of the Nation Contest in Perryton Aug. 19 and will also represent the Pampa Chamber of Commerce on other occasions throughout the year. Director Coon, who will have charge of all production details, said contestants will be judged equally on beauty, personality, poise and figure by out-of-town judges. Appearances will be made on the stage in swim suit and formal wear. Last year's pageant in the Robert E. Lee Junior High School Auditorium showed to a full house. Witn facilities now available at tht new auditorium, this year's production is expected to be one of the top attractions in Pampa this season, Coon said vention before Grover's stunning performance, remained in his hotel room, but an aide said the senator definitely considered Grover's action an attempt to take over the party machinery. But the entrenched party leaders held firm and the Grover-opposed resolution went down through parliamentary maneuver. Deadlock May Hurt SSPlan WASHINGTON (AP) - Congressional efforts to fatten the Social Security checks of millions of voters before election day may be thwarted by a Senate deadlock on welfare reform. The dilemma took shape as the Senate Finance Committee wrapped up its work on a massive bill containing the hotly disputed welfare provisions as well as the Social Security increases most senators favor. Many members of Congress are anxious for the Social Security boosts to be included in the checks recipients would get Nov. 3, four days before the presidential and congressional balloting. But Social Security Commissioner Robert M. Ball says that can't happen unless the bill is signed into law by Aug. 10 because of the time it takes to change his computers. With floor debate delayed until after a mid-July congressional recess for the Democratic National Convention, that gives the Senate less than a month to resolve a three-way split over the bill's welfare provisions. But little argument seems likely on the Social Security measure, which would raise monthly payments 10 per cent across the board, expand Medicare to cover maintenance drugs, and provide a $750 million supplement for widows. Well over half the Senate is on record in favor of doubling the across-the-board increase to 20 percent. If both programs are kept in the same package, it seems unlikely that the legislation could reach President Nixon by Aug. 10 because of lengthy debate and the time it would take to reconcile the measure with the version passed earlier by the House. For this reason, Finance Chairman Russell B. Long, D- La., said Tuesday there might be a move to split off the Social Security provisions, a difficult parliamentary maneuver. At issue is the welfare program for Aid to Families with Dependent Children, which covers about 11 million persons. Nixon has recommended an AFDC reform plan which was largely approved by the House. It features a $2,400 guaranteed annual income for a family of four and payments for the first time to the working poor. The Finance Committee flatly rejected this plan and substituted one of its own called Workfare with strict work requirements for many of the adults now on AFDC. DDT Use Banned In U.S. By Federal Government ^^ *-^ * * -^ m- -* -m-*m •»•» Pampan Elected Delegate SAN ANTONIO - Mrs. Ruth Osborne, Pampa, was elected a delegate to the national Democratic convention from the 31st district court during the marathon session of state Demos yesterday. James S. Bynum, Amarillo, was named the other delegate from the Panhandle district. The Gray County delegation went with a "loser" when.eight of the 11 votes for Ray Orr who just went. Long before the results were officially announced, it was obvious how the contest for permanent vice-chairman of the Texas Democratic convention would turn out. "No more Orr," chanted scores of delegates. And when the word came, supporters of Mrs. Eddie Bernice Johnson of Dallas drowned out the announcement that she had defeated State Democratic Chairman Roy Orr. The convention center arena, a miniature Houston Astrodome, echoed with an impromptu song: "Good-bye Orr ... Good-bye, Orr ... Goodbye, Orr ... We're glad to see you go...." The first Negro woman ever elected permanent vice-chairman of the convention, Mrs. Johnson made her way slowly up an aisle jammed with delegates. Rep. Frances Farenthold, who lost her bid to become Texas' first woman governor in 40 years, was all smiles as she congratulated Mrs. Johnson. Mrs. Johnson, who has won a Democratic runoff for state representative, defeated Orr on a two-hour roll call vote of 2,125 to 1,795. Her supporters, keeping close tabs on the count, started waves of applause as she neared the margin of victory. "That did it! That did it!" shouted one black delegate as Webb County (Laredo) reported all its 23 votes for Mrs. Johnson. The petite Mrs. Johnson stepped up to the platform a few moments later and virtually the entire audience stood up to applaude her. Orr took the loss in stride. "As chairman of the state Democratic Executive Committee, I was charged with organizing a fair convention," he said. "I think the vote here today and the spirit of the convention proves without a doubt that we've had a fair and open convention." "It makes it a little bit better since she's from Dallas County and I still like to claim Dallas County (as home)," Orr said. Orr had troubles earlier in the day when he founded the familiar theme for party harmony—and stumbled over the word. "I'm confident that if the unity and the harmony ... harmoaney—harmony—that has prevailed throughout the previous days will continue today,"he said. RAISING OLD GLORY-Mrs. Gladys Harvey, 1323 Charles, gets ready to display the United States flag this morning as she observes Flag Day. Today is also the first day of the Honor America observance, which continues until July 4. A survey of homes and businesses this morning showed most places were not flying the flag. (Staff Photo by John Ebling) Few Flags Being Flown In City, Survey Shows By LARRY HOLLIS If a survey taken this morning is any accurate indication, the majority of Pampa residents either didn't know today is Flag Day—or they chose not to fly a flag in observance of the day. A survey of 186 homes, taken in all areas of the town, showed only 12 United States flags flying, either in the yard or from the house. This is only six per cent of the homes surveyed. Places of business had a better percentage, with 32 per cent of those surveyed displaying United States flags. Of the 87 businesses surveyed, 28 had chosen to observe the day by flying the Stars and Stripes. Flying the flag or not flying the flag may not be an accurate representation of the patriotism of city residents. But it does tend to show that either residents do not know of the holiday or have chosen not to mark it by the proper observance. Some places did not have a flag up by mid-morning but found one to fly before noon. Among the places not flying the flag during the early morning hours were City Hall, Gray County Court House, Pampa Central Fire Station and the Miami Will Face Many Problems During Demo, G.O.P. Conventions MIAMI BEACH, Fla. (AP) Privies, not police, may prove to be the biggest problem for the 100,000 protesters expected at this summer's national political conventions, says the man responsible for public sanitation facilities. "We project that we'll need about 500 portable toilets—minimum—to provide facilities for a crowd of 100,000 campers" said John Eckoff of the Dade County Public Health Department. "Even with 500 portable Johns, that would allow each person only six minutes a day on a 24-hour-a-day basis," Eckoff said. "They'll have to line up for blocks during the daytime when everybody's up and about. I can guarantee you that nobody's going to get a chance to do much reading." Eckoff said Tuesday that it would cost about $115,000 to provide and service 500 portable toilets from the July 10 opening of the Democratic National Convention to the end of the Republican National Convention Aug. 23. A coalition of protest groups including the Yippies, Gay Liberation Front, Vietnam Veterans Against the War and Southern Christian Leadership Conference has asked the city to provide camping space for 100,000 nondelegates for the six- week period. "It wouldn't be so bad if these protesters were only going to be here for a few days," Eckoff said, "but we'll have them around for a month or six Decision Made Following 17-Month Study By EPA U.S. Army-Navy recruiting offices. Similarly, many homes throughout the city began to display flags later during the day as they became aware that today was Flag Day. Today also marks the first day of the Honor America observance, which continues until July 4, the 196th anniversary of the United States of America. The observance will conclude I locally with an Honor America Day celebration at the Top 0' Texas Rodeo Arena on July 4. The program will begin at 7 p.m. with western games and contests. After the games, the Kwahadi Indian dancers of Amarillo will put on a 30-minute show. At 9 p.m. the formal Independence Day program will begin with martial music, presentation of the colors, the National Anthem, invocation and an address by Gray County Sheriff Rufe Jordan. Immediately following the program will be a giant free fireworks display by the Burnett Fireworks Co. of Enid, Okla., fired by the Pampa Fire Department. WASHINGTON (AP) -Environmental Protection Administrator William D. Ruckelshaus ordered today an almost complete ban on use of'the pesticide DDT in the United States. Ruckelshaus made the ban effective Dec. 31, 1972, to allow a transition to substitute pesticides. Under his order, the use of DDT will be permitted in this country only for public health purposes and in three minor uses to protect crops where no effective alternatives are available—that is, on green peppers, onions and sweet pot toes in storage. All remaining crop uses of DDT—mainly on cotton, peanuts, and soybe ns—will be banned. Ruckelshaus' decision was based on a 17-month study by EPA on the effects of the widely used chemical. The long-awaited decision gave environmental groups a victory in one of their earliest and toughest battles that began with the publication of the late Rachel Carson's now-famous book, "Silent Spring." Although DDT became a worldwide weapon against insects in the years following World War II, Miss Carson warned that it was spreading and persisting in the environment. Other environmentalists soon began campaigning against the pesticide. In 40-page decision Ruck- elshaus said: "I am convinced by a preponderance of the evidence that, once used, DDT is an uncontrollable, durable chemical that persists in the aquatic and terrestrial environments. "The evidence of record, showing storage in man and magnification in the food chain, is a warning to the prudent that man may be exposing himself to a substance that may ultimately have serious effect on his health." DDT still is widely used abroad for malaria control and crop protection and the order does not prohibit DDT export from the United States. Ruckelshaus said its likely substitute in this country for most crop uses is methylpara- thion, a chemical which is highly toxic but which breaks up rapidly and therefore does not build up in the environment as DDT does. He said its safe use will require special training of workers for its application. The order was released while Ruckelshaus was in Stockholm, Sweden, attending the United National Conference on the Hum n Environment. EPA said he signed the order June 3, banning general use of DDT effective at the end of this year. The heated debate over its safety has raged for years, spreading from the laboratory to the courtroom and pitting environment groups against farmers and public health groups. Environment groups have condemned DDT as damaging to wildlife and a potential cancer threat to man. They assert safer methods are available to control pests. Agriculture interests have insisted the chemical weeks. An awful lot of health problems can develop in that time." "Some of them are going to be doing their own cooking, and we know that could mean outbreaks of intestinal diseases," he said. "Now suppose 15,000— that's only 15 per cent—come down with the Gls (diarrhea). What are we going to do?" Eckoff said the city also could face a major problem with water and food supplies for the protesters. "Another thing we're worrying about is garbage," Eckoff said. "It's going to take more trash cans and more manpower to haul away garbage from the campsites, otherwise we're faced with another disease- threatening situation Bulletin NEW DELHI (AP) - A Japanese DCS jet airliner carrying 76 passengers crashed at Jaittur, a village 15 miles from New Delhi's Palam Airport tonight, a Japanese airlines office spokesman said. The plane was reported on a scheduled flight from Tokyo to Hong Kong and Bangkok. Inside Today's News Pageg Abby 3 Classified 15 Comic* 12 Crossword U Editorial 14 Food Page 4 On the Record I Sports 13 Women'g News 3 is safe and essential for bountiful crops. The Agriculture Department first began canceling some uses of DDT in November 1969. It banned DDT on house and garden plantings, shade trees and tobacco crops. In March and August 1970. DDT was outlawed around water, marshes and wetlands, except for essential public health purposes. Using the chemical on livestock, lumber, buildings, forest trees and more than 50 fruit and vegetable crops also was banned. The controversy prompted environment groups, headed by the Environmental Defense Fund, to file suit to force a ban on all remaining uses of DDT. Cotton is the major remaining crop on which the pesticide is used. The suit prompted a federal appeals court to order EPA to control a scientific study and hold public hearings. At the request of a DDT manufacturer, the sale of DDT was permitted to continue while the review was in process. Nation's Deficit Worsens WASHINGTON (AP) -Akey measure of the nation's balance-of-payments deficit, designed to show the long- term dollar drain, worsened in the first three months of the year, the Commerce Department said today. The deficit on the so-called "current account and long- term capital" basis was $3.2 billion on a season lly adjusted basis compared with $1.8 billion recorded in the last three months of 1971. Previous measures of the balance-of-payments deficit in the first quarter showed improvement, but the balance on current accounts is designed to look at the longer-range, underlying picture by stripping away the impact of dollars invested overseas in short-term securities. The measure released by the department today is designed to show the impact of trade and capital invested for longer terms. It showed that it was a swing of about $1 billion in the amount of long-term capital invested overseas when compared with that invested in the United States. Soviet Chief Calls For U.S. To Stop Raids CALCUTTA (AP) - Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny is on his way to Hanoi for talks with North Vietnam's leaders. He arrived in Calcutta today and.called for the Americans to stop bombing North Vietnam. "The Vietnam problem should be solved fast and the Americans should cease bombing there," Podgorny told newsmen. He had been scheduled to spend only an hour in Calcutta while his plane was refuelled. But aides said the departure was delayed until Thursday morning because of bad weather. Podgorny is the first member of the Soviet high command to confer with North Vietnamese leaders since President Nixon and Soviet Communist party chief Leonid Brezhnev reviewed their opposing positions on Vietnam during Nixon's visit to Moscow. What Nixon and Brezhnev said to each other undoubtedly will be one of the major items of discussion between Podgorny and the North Vietnamese, along with what the Russians can do to get around the interruption in their supply of war materials to Hanoi because of the American mining of North Vietnam's harbors.
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