Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 13, 1972 · Page 10
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 10

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, June 13, 1972
Page 10
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PAMPA. TEXAS Mth YEAR Tuesday. June u. 1972 Daily N A WvtcMul N«wtp<ip«r IVM STMVINO POt TMI TOf O" TIXAS TO M AN IVIN MTTIR PIACI TO UVI Our Captul« Policy *« fwrnithinf information to *w niMin Mt lh«t they can bettor pramoto and protorvo «n*ir «wn tomtom and •ncwiraf • othon to MO •Hion to MO Wt btoMlnoj. Only when man it froo to control himMlf and Ml no produto* can ho dovolop to hit utmott capability Tho Nowt boliovot oath and ovory ponon would got moro Mfkfactton in tho lona run if ho woro pormittod to tpond what ho oann on a veJuntoor batlt rathor than having port of it dfttrlfcwtod invluntarily. 'Real' Reason for Losing in Viet Here it is, the "real" reason the United States failed to defeat the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong: The "real" reason is that U.S. fighting men in Vietnam were handicapped by "exotic weapons, gimmicks and poor leadership." The charge is made by Col David H. Hackworth. U.S. Army (Ret.i in an article. "Our Vietnam Goof." in the June Popular Mechanics magazine. The military is usually accused of fighting the current war with the previous war's weapons and strategies. In a switch. Hackworth says thet GIs in Vietnam would have been better off using some of the weapons of the Korean war. He ticks off a whole list of things on which billions were wasted, from the M-16 rifle—"as light as a BB gun and about as effective in the jungles of Southeast Asia"—to the M-551 Sheridan tank—"disastrous for the men who had to use it." He charges that Army leaders are almost completely preoccupied with the development of hardware that will automate warfare and replace the man who carries the rifle. He writes that he saw colonels and generals pour into Vietnam merely to get the needed "credentials" for that next promotion, spending only six months in the field and another six behind a desk in Saigon. "They never learned what the conflict was about, or how to fight it." (But who. military or civilian, ever did know what the Vietnam conflict was about, much less how to fight—and end—it?) Because of deep differences with senior officers and a conviction that the Army had failed the American public. Hackworth. described as the most highly decorated officer in the Army, retired voluntarily last year after 25 years' service. Since he spent five years in Southeast Asia as an infantry brigade officer and battalion commander and adviser to Vietnamese units, it must be a case of having been too close to the trees to see the forest. No doubt in a narrow, tactical sense much of what Hackworth says is true. If American lives were needlessly lost in jungle firefights because of the Army's fascination with exotic weaponry and electronic gimmickry, he has a right to be bitter. But can anyone seriously believe that a better rifle or a better tank or a better uniform or helmet or even better leadership would have made much difference in Vietnam? (The argument is reminiscent of that of another officer who a few years ago charged that the Army in Vietnam was overmechanized and suggested bringing back the mule to defeat the guerrillas, i America's "goof" was not sending men into battle with the wrong weapons. It was hardly an insufficiency of firepower and a failure to kill enough enemy soldiers. It was not a case of being outfought in the field. As Hackworlh himself says, in Vietnam "we are pitted against a fanatically dedicated opponent who would take on tanks, if necessary, armed only with bow and arrow. We have flattened jungles and mountains only to discover this is far easier than destroying a courageous, determined enemy." (Now. however, the North Vietnamese are not without their own tanks.) It is the absence of a similar dedication on the part of the South Vietnamese, compounded by the inability of the United States to invade and conquer North Vietnam out of fear of starting World War lll-thus our acceptance of what one writer has called "voluntary defeat"—that are responsible for the 200-billion-dollar. 55-thousand-death "goof" in Vietnam. Quick Quiz Q —What automobile has overtaken the Model T Ford as the most-produced automobile in history? A—The German Volkswagen Beetle. Q—What is the design of the official seal of the Environmental Protection Agency? A—It is a round sea) depicting a flower with a bloom that includes a blue sky, green earth and blue- green water. Q— How many members of the U.S. House of Representatives have been expelled? A—Three, all expelled in 1861 for serving in the Confederate Army. Q — How many women have held the post of Treasurer of the United States? A—Mrs. Romana Acosta Banuelos, who was recently appointed, is the 34th treasurer and sixth consecutive woman to hold the office. Q—What is the heaviest known metal on earth and what is the lightest known element on earth? A—Osmium is the heaviest known metal and hydrogen is the lightest known element. mm WORLD for a 'Saturday night special', I meant from the menu!" "K- Maps Plan to Win Nomination By BRUCE BIOSSAT HOUSTON iNKAi -On the eve of the year's last great spate of primaries, key operatives of Sen. Hubert Humphrey offered newsmen one of the most unusual strategics for nomination to the presidency that anyone anywhere has advanced in recent times. The plan, spread before reporters in some detail, assumed Humphrey's defeat by Sen. George McGovern in all of the last five primaries, including those in huge California and New York with their enormous clusters of national convention delegates. But. says Humphrey aide Michael Maloney, the senator's strategists believe McGovern will be left short of first ballot nomination, that he cannot in the intervening weeks acquire the necessary added delegates to reach a winning 1.509 . and that Humphrey himself will enjoy a resurgence which could nominate him by a fifth ballot at Miami Beach. In fact, says Maloney, the Humphrey planners decided last December that no candidate would be nominated by the Democrats on the first ballot this time and that their whole effort should be geared to the idea of a multi-ballot convention. The notion is unique, in the light of modern nominating history. From 1932 through 1968. the two major parties together Acid 20 national conventions. Sixteen of them were settled on *h"e" first ballot, a couple required three ballots, one went to four and another to six. Only the four-ballot affair. Franklin D. Roosevelt's first nomination at Chicago in 1932. had any of the earmarks of a true deadlock, and it was broken by quick trading. The other multi-ballot contests were always fluid and fast-moving. The last multi-ballot outcome was the late Adlai Stevenson's initial nomination in 1952. The Humphrey team's view of 1972 plainly is that McGovern, despite his remarkable upward burst since his first primary win in Wisconsin this April, has no fresh potential and no prospect of developing crucial delegate reserves. Maloney figures that, giving McGovern 210.of.New York's 278 delegates in the final primary on June 20. the South Dakota senator's first-ballot peak will have been reached at around 1,258 delegates. The contention is that he'll never go higher. Humphrey is seen as polling a strong second, with some 922 votes on the opening round. The disabled Gov. George Wallace is placed third with 357, and the diminished Sen. Edmund Muskie fourth at 167. Humphrey's initial total, says Maloney. will include what he has in hand plus 290 strong "probables" and 284 votes said now to be uncommitted. Curiously, the Humphrey planners do not spell out in specific numbers how he will rise from ballot to ballot until he is nominated—or Muskie is reborn as a winning alternative. But they do say flatly that McGovern will lose 63 votes on the second ballot, 102 on the third. 120 on the fourth, dropping him to a level where he will thereafter be out of the battle. The Humphrey calculations that lead to this unique strategy are complex. They assure no big push behind McGovern at the critical phase, a great stir at the convention among women, young, and blacks who may not now exhibit strong loyalties to candidates, and a basic sturdiness and resilience in time-tested Hubert. The most unusual of these assumptions is that there is no such thing as a bandwagon, no momc-ntum for McGovern in he Last Mile MY CftOMUr tow Job Harder: New Crime Breed Acts on Impulse By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON (NEAi-The prevention of crime has been made vastly more difficult by the growth over the past decade of a new breed of criminal. Studies indicate he is less rational, more violent and therefore less predictable than the old breed, even when the gang wars of some time back are taken into account. He is likely to be an addict. He will take greater chances. He may rob or kill less for the money than for the emotional gratification his violence seemingly brings. He may maul a victim unmercifully for a few dollars. H.L. Hunt winning big. WORLD ALMANAC FACTS Alfred Mahan was an American naval historian who asserted that control of the sea was the decisive factor in warfare. The World Almanac notes that two of his books, appearing in 1890-1892, helped spark the world-wide strengthing of naval forces prior to World War I. His thesis won support in the victories of Allied seapower during World War II. MADNESS IN ROME Pope Paul VI, commenting on the work of a vandal who inflicted senseless damage on the statue Pieta in St. Peter's Basilica, said: "Sheer madness. Why such an act to a work that belongs to all humanity?" Pope Paul has asked a good question. It could be repeated all over the world. When the windows in a home in Wyoming, or London, or Mexico City or Tokyo are smashed, the owners of those windows feel a sense of outrage and helplessness. True the windows don't have the historical symbol of faith and the tradition of the Pieta, the Mother Mary holding the lifeless body of Christ, but those windows were a part of the home and the lives of people who nourish the faith of the Church, be it Christian or Jewish or Shinto or whatever. Vandalism, like wanton assaults upon persons, has become all too commonplace all over the world. Victims and insurance agencies alike will attest to that fact. It matters little if the motivation is criminal, lunatic or childish pranks. The damage still is a loss to the owner. The family of a prankish child and the police and the courts can do much to correct the evils of vandalism. The permissive attitudes of people in many countries during the last 12 years have contributed to lawlessness, and that includes acts of vandalism. Experts believe the Pieta can be restored. Christianity will rejoice world-wide when the restoration is done. Vandalism is an evil and it will be subdued only when the evil in the hearts of men is cast aside. Then the Pieta will have an even greater meaning. Wit And Whimsy Hy PHIL FASTORET About the only place you see cereal stories any more is on a box of Crunchie Munchies. * » * Saving a little every pay day is about all many of us can manage. The neighborhood I u s h isn't a seafarer, but he's always dreaming of a 40-foot schooner. Drug use, of course, may have something to do with this erratic crime pattern. But the experience of men working in the field to date suggests that more often than not the irrational violence and the impulse holdups occur because the criminal is fascinated by the thrill of getting away with something that's illegal or in building stature among his fellows with whom he's playing a sort of perpetual game of "chicken." Quite frequently, these "new-type" lawbreakers make no bones of these aims in talking with researchers. What this evidence suggests, in essence, is that the professional is being replaced—to an extent—by the amateur. Interestingly enough, if one studies the personality traits of these men, they compare rather closely with the traits psychologists and psychiatrists say are observed in the typical hard drug addict. But one should not carry this comparison too far. Police work becomes unbelievably more difficult. This new breed of criminal may have no permanent contacts —cooperators, established fences. He may have no established pattern of operation—no routine. Since he is less professional, and may operate largely on hunches, or moods, it is more difficult to foretell what he will do or how he will dispose of his take. The proliferation of these crime "amateurs" makes it more difficult for lawmen to keep an eye on suspects. The lack of pattern may make the men more difficult to trace and to convict. Arresting a man and convicting him isn't likely to break up a ring. There's likely no permanent ring. The new-type criminal is also reportedly a tougher problem in prison. He apparently has given no thought to the penalties involved for his crime—and therefore is less willing to live with the prison system until he gets out. He may want to show his toughness there, too. There have been strong doubts that prisons were set up in a way to change the "old-type" convict. There seems to be little argument that the results on the "new" man are almost uniformly negative. The question then is what to do with men of this type in prison. Chief Justice Warren Burger has suggested more prison psychiatrists. The indication, however, is that this particular style of inmate is particularly difficult to reach, even by professional workers. The cost may be astronomically high, and there is little research to suggest that this solution would work. But as Burger and a number of other jurists have point out. unless we find some solution, these men will come out to repeat, then shuttle perpetually back and forth between our prisons and their own brand of underworld. It is an area which requires a great deal more study than we have given to date. It is no place to try instant solutions. Clearing House ..Editor: I have always considered myself ene of the Silent Americans but I cannot be silent in regard to the Endurance Race that took place in the Canadian area this past Memorial Day week-end. Yes I have been told how well the horses were checked and cared (?) for everything was so proper. No abuse, just fun. Please tell me is this fun running twenty-three horses for forty-five miles? Oh. yes, it was for a purpose. We had to know which was the better horse: the faithful, hardworking little cow-pony or the noble Arabian horse. If this race was to test which was the better horse it could have been done in a one or two mile race not forty-five miles. Two horses were pulled from the race because of an injury and one's condition. What is the condition now of the twenty-one horses that finished the race? Are they in the top condition they were before the race? 1 doubt it. We as a nation fret about our crime rate. If you will read the life history of most habitual criminals you will note that they had a tendency even as children to be cruel. They abused their brother, sister, animals—anything that couldn't fight back or defend itself. If we sit back and let things such as this Endurance Race take place and say nothing or try to stop it what can we expect of our children? We are being as cruel as any hoodlum that beats or abuses a helpless person. Horses, as all animals, are Gods' creatures and He gave them to us to care for—not abuse. Sir, I know the race is over and we cannot do anything about it but with your help and others may there never be another. Mrs. Frances Braswell 853 E. Craven Pampa, Texas P.S. The penalty for not doing anything when freedom is threatened, is to lose the freedom to do anything. Will We Surrender? ...Admiral Elmo it. Zumwalt. Jr.. Chief of Naval Operations, told a group of American Legion students at the Pentagon July 27.1971: t "Just as the Soviets have been rational and back down in the face of our superiority, they will expect us to be rational and back down if they gain that supt-riority-and I think that we would have to. "Evidence is abundant that we will soon be No. 2 as a world power, if we are not already." —Congressman Ilillis of Indiana All Chiefs, No Indians Sometimes it seems as if nobody has any sense of civic responsibility anymore. Then along comes an item like this : When Camelback Ski Area near Tannersville, Pa., announced a swimsuit-on-skis beauty contest, twice as many volunteer judges signed up for the competition as did contestants. Inside Washington UN Losing Teats In Congress Aft Legislators' Hostility Mounts By ROBERT 8. ALLEN WASHINGTON - Although this session of Congress Is only about half over, already one highly significant development is irrefutably apparent. This is that a decisive majority of the lawmakers are thoroughly disillusioned with and indignantly angry at the United Nations. Whether time and events will moderate this hostility is conjectural. But so far as this Congress is concerned, the evidence is conclusive that the UN is very much In the doghouse. In recent weeks, both the House and Senate have harshly cracked down on the UN —despite vigorous pressuring and lobbying by the White House, State Department, and various do-gooder elements and organizations. Strangely, while these stinging rebuffs to the UN got a little press notice, completely ignored was the far more important factor of the impelling motivation behind them. Virtually unnoted was the direct relation between the action of the House and Senate, and that in both instances the basic issue was clearly one of approving or disapproving of the UN. The UN lost in both these striking tests-obviously because a majority of the legislators appear fed up with the UN on a number of counts. The House forcefully manifested this by directly slapping at the UN pocket book. The Senate followed by vigorously reaffirming its repudiation last year of the economic sanctions imposed by the UN in 1966 against Rhodesia-specifically barring U.S. importation of chrome ore essential in the production of planes, missiles and other vital defense weapons. On both matters. UN supporters solemnly raised the issue of the international organization's prestige and influence. Fervently declaimed Sen. Gale McGee. D-Wyo., during the tense debate over restoring the chrome embargo on Rhodesia. "The United Nations has been in a low state the past few months fnr a number of reasons. But let us not be the one that gives up the last ray of hope for collective action through an organization of all the nations, not just some of them. We must have faith." The plea went unheeded. The Senate patently was unconvinced. Tightening the Purse Strings The House's decisive slashing of funds for the UN is the first time in the 25-year history of the world organization. The action was doubly significant because it was done in the face of an attempt by the State Department to increase the U.S. grant by $22 million-from $112.058 million last year to $134.658 million this year. Also, the State Department tried to put over this 6 per cent hike despite President Nixon's announced intention in his budget message to cut the U.S. share of UN funds from 31 per cent to 25 per cent. Why the Department disregarded this avowal is its secret. But it wasn't ignored by Hep John Rooney. D-N.Y.. chairman of the Appropriations subcommittee in charge of the State Department budget. Hodgepodge Caustically overriding the Department, he cut funds to the percentage advocated by the President. After a stormy battle in the full House, Rooney was decisively upheld 202 to 156. Later, the same stinging fate was again meted out to the State Department in the Senate on the chrome issue. The Department, through the potent influence of Sen. J. William Fulbright, D-Ark., chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, wrote into the State Department budget authorization bill a provision repealing the law passed last year permitting the importation of chrome and other strategic materials from Rhodesia. That far-reaching legislation, sponsored by Sen. Harry Byrd, Ind.-Va.. was vehemently opposed by the State Department. But he succeeded in winning both Senate and House approval. The Fulbright-maneuvered repeal amendment was the Department's last-ditch effort to undo Byrd's statute. It was a vain scheme. Byrd was firmly upheld by the Senate 40 to 36--despite furious State Department pressuring and lobbying and impassioned oratory in behalf of the UN by Sens. McGee, Fulbright, Edward Kennedy, D-Mass.. and others. And as happened in the House, the Impelling factor was anger and resentment at the UN. Declared Sen. William Brock. R-Tenn., "I do not think the people of this country are being treated fairly and honestly in the United Nations. When it is argued that the UN has the right to impose sanctions, it must be remembered that the UN charter also says the UN shall not interfere in the affairs of another nation. Yet that is exactly what the UN is doing in imposing sanctions on Rhodesia." And Sen. Byrd. pertinently noting the widespread support of his bill ending the ban against Rhodesian chrome, pointed out. "The roll-call voles on this legislation in the Senate and in the House taken together constitute support from 46 of the 50 states. Clearly this is not a regional matter: it is a national matter." Also, it is equally clear that these two highly significant Congressional crackdowns on the UN are "a national matter." Unjustly Accused It turns out that it isn't the tourists and sightseers who have been pilfering and vandalizing the $75 million Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. The real perpetrators are VIPs, theatre-goers and performers. That is the flat accusation of Rep. William Scherle, R-lowa, member of the Appropriations subcommittee considering the Center's plea for a $2 million grant to avert such vandalizing--which Center officials have loudly attributed to visitors. Scherle has been personally checking up on this widely publicized accusation. From them he learned that not only have tiles been taken from the walls, marble faucets pilfered, and elegant sconces stolen by "elite" individuals and groups, but that the Federal government's contribution to the huge marble structure is unnoted. Aniwcr to Previous Puiile ACKOSS 1 Discomfit fi Quiver 11 Feminine uppvllution 1.') Tradesman 14 HiKh regard 15 Diners 1C Lone Scouts of America (ah.) 17 Her!) eve 19 Mariner's direction 20 Processions 24 European stream 27 Wanderer 31 Perfume .'12 Diudem 33 Shop 34 Sicker 35 Sliding bolts on machinery 36 Stop 37 Stutter 41 Dance- step 44 Through (prefix) 45 Doctors (al).) 48 Hawaii, for instance 51 Reiterate 54 Lariats 55 Horse barn 50 Made of oats 57 Penetrate DOWN 1 Cain's victim (Bib.) 2 "Good Quuen " 3 Fictional canine 4 Compass point 5 Hasten 6 Body of water 7 Head cover 8 Toward the sheltered side 9 Songwriter Jerome 10 Gaelic 12 Turkish dignitary 13 Deceased 18 Virginia (ah.) 20 Products of oysters 21 Take into custody 22 Lure 23 Defiler 24 Stin^im; insect 25 Girl's nume 26 Puck away 28 Offenses . Midi =* 3 UKainst law 29 Greek (jod of war 30 Chullerifje 38 Puts to :i'J Musical note 40 Planet 41 Aruwakan Indian 42 Continent 43 Lath MldHMlSI iR nan iSll3H1 M i««n5| CIMCIfeli 45 Obligation 46 Chest rattle 47 One who (suffix) 49 Consumed food 50 Feminine nickname 52 Summer (Fr.) 53 Cookintf utensil (NIWSPAPW (NTimiSf ASSN.)

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