Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas on February 17, 1942 · Page 1
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February 17, 1942

Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 17, 1942
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. AMERICANS "Starts the Day On the South Plains" ;h''' •-'"'-•• ••'••• •"•#• " •' • ... -n . . Twentieth Year, No. 77 OCK Todoy Lubbock, T«xoVTu«sd fl v, February 17, 1942 ANCHE UP) " Associated Prt«" . Prepare For Last-Ditch Stand SingaporeJakejU^Likeiy To Step uj> Philippine War Knmhinn Paine Y« sino™^ c«n D..*VATTTTT : r • , "• •. . —. «—— —— JTJT f "•*• Bombing On Corregidor Are Expected . Superiority Of U. S. Artillery Is Continued (ByTbe Associated Press) •m-ASHINGTON, Feb. 16-Singa»» ' pore's fall put defenders of the Philippines on the alert today against a shift of Japanese air and other forces from Malaya to the Manila bay fighting front. Kesumption of the attempt to bomb Corregidor into helplessness was viewed by qualified military observers as a possible result o"f the release of the Japanese forces which conquered Singapore. Enemy bombers abandoned tb air attacks on the Manila ba- fortress a month ago after ap proximately ,a score of planes tak ing part in successive raids hac been shot down by anti-aircrai gunners. The fall of Singapore likewise released Japanese artillery and tank forces which may be usec bi a drive to crush the defender* of: the Bataan peninsula. Corregi dor's ammunition shows no sign of running short. Japanese Drir» Heavy artillery fire in Bataan today signaled an apparent Japa nese attempt to knock out thi. hard-hitting American iield guns which have helped hold the Joe a bay. The enemy artillery has been hammering away steadily in the last 24 hours, the War department reported. Enemy war planes have beea spotting the effect of , the firing and blasting..at Amari t can .gims and • their ; crews with bombs. - - — --.^._.'.-- • - —._.. The latest "turn of th« Philippine struggle, viewed as 'another preliminary to -a renewed ful scale offensive against Gen. Douglas MacArthur's little army was keenly watched by official observers because of the defenders effective use of artillery in smashing previous attacks. Superiority Maintained Big American 155-millimeter field guns and lighter 75-millimeter artillery have maintained an apparent superiority over the foe. ever since MacArthur's men retired to the Bataan peninsula stronghold following the loss of Manila. Until some batteries are silenced or overwhelmed by Japanese reinforcements, a renewed offensive ; faces the same risk of being smashed as the previous half dozen or more major attacks. The Jap reinforcements reported to have arrived in the Philippines since two weeks of savage assaults dwindled to minor actions on Feb. 5 were believed by observers here to include substantial forces of artillery to cope with the deadly fire of the defenders. Yes, Singapore Fell. But We're Americans We Can Take It! SINGAPORE has fallen. Its loss is a terrible blow—a ^.l 10 ^ °^y to England's pride, but also to the Downing Of Enemy Sub 'Most Probable' NEW YORK.. Feb. 16. WV- K< American patrol bomber, screened by a diiving rain storm, pounced on an umvarv enemy submarine and so accurately bombed it that it loss was considered most prob- abie, it was announced today by the Army air force. Corp. John J. Duffv. 25, of Philadelphia, engineer member of the twm-engiaed aircraft's crew, said the submarine "evidently didn't expect anybody put on such a bad day and was trying to make speed on the surface." Letters of commendation awarded tne plane's crew of six at Governors island, signed by Brig. Gen. Arnold H. Krogstad. first air force commander, said the bomber sighted a life boat with survivors of the .S, S. China AJrow on an unspeci- t.-.j -,-<_ apparently later, awash and fied date sighted a submarine attacked it. MINIMUM RAISED WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. (f. — The Commodity Credit corporation announced today a one-cent per bushel incveaso in the minimum price at which it would offer wheat in the open market for the period of Feb. 16-28. The new price is 17 cents above the applicable loan rate at terminal Foca- ttrns and 20 cents above the loan rate at country locations. A Buy A Defense Bond TODAYI Tune In 1340 Kilocycle* KFYO Avalsriche-journal Station , P r ? n l te S Nations - The situaticm ™ the South Pacific is bad. Very bad. _ But so was the situation at Valley Forire in the grim winter of 1777, when a handful of half-starved Americans left crimson tracks in the ice-crested snow as they trudged through it on their bleeding, bare The loss*of Singapore-will prolong the war at least a year more than was hoped for. That's bad, too But so was the situation at the Alamo, when'a handful of Texans chose to defy the overpowering might of Santa Anna. Washington gravely tells us that most of the war news will be hard to take for the next six months, or so, while our assembly lines are turning out planes, the tanks, the ships and : the guns we and our Allies so sorely need. Yes, the- news will be bad. But so was the news of the "Lost Battalion" in France in 1918 —until later came the glad tidings that it wasn't losft at all, but merely in the forefront of the bloodiest fighting. Wasn't it John Paul Jones, who answered the enemy demand that he strike his colors by the never- to-be-forgotten words: "Surrender, hell! We've just begun to fight!" He faced a bad situation, too, but he came out on topi 1942's Americans "can take it"—the bad now, the good later. They're of the same breed which furnished the heroes at Valley Forge, at The Alamo, at Vimy Ridge and at Chateau Thierry! Yes, Singapore has fallen—inglorious^. But that doesn't stop US. It just, makes us pull our belts a little tighter; makes our unity a little stronger; sets our jaws a little firmer. We're AMERICANS—and whatever the job takes, WE'VE GOT IT !. Nine Million More Men Are Registered For Possible Service In Armed Forces (By The Associated Press) TTfASHINGTON, Feb. 16. — The •' United'States, organizing its military might to crush the Axis, enrolled perhaps 1,650,000 youngsters aged 20 and 21 roughly 7,350,000 older men today for possible service with the armed forces. There was a grimness about this first wartime draft registration -K -K -X Lubbock County Registers Men Weary volunteer workers at 9 o'clock Monday night closed the doors of 12 Lubbock county registration places, scenes of the county's participation in the first national "R-Day" since the war began. The county registration may fall slightly short of the anticipated 4,500, reports to The Morning Avalanche indicated late Monday night. Ten of the 12 registration centers reported an unofficial total of 3,800. The other two will make their reports to the draft boards today. Interesting Registrants A variety of interesting males between the specified ages of 20•M was present at the centers dur- ng the 14-hour period. Sam Lewis Kelisky' of 2202 j u larch ' t Tint piii- A -.,.u^*u-_ °G sent since 1918 — less of banter among men waiting in lines — that contrasted with the first roll call 17 months ago of those aged 21 to 35. But reports from over the country indicated that it was carried out with smooth efficiency by the volunteer selective service machinery, which had been geared to its task by two peacetime registrations. Number Nol Known . The exact number enrolled will not be known for several days as reports must be forwarded to headquarters here for compilation. When it is determined, it will not, for military reasons, be made known. . However, officials reversed a previous decision today and decided to permit regional publication of state and local draft registrations. Still banned is publication of the quota of men called at any time to military service. Beforehand, it was figured that the order for enrollment of all unregistered males aged 20 to 44 inclusive would apply to about 9 000,000. Over 17,000,000 aged 21 to 35 were registered in peacetime. - —--^i^^ VA *~4*\Jf+ I Avenue G wa s not sure whether 1 . he fell within the «year-old group Official estimates were that the population included about 1,200000 20-year-olds, about 450,000 who have reached 21 since the last registration, and 7,350,000 in the 35 to 44 bracket. A lottery to determine the order of liability of these men for 3 call to service will be held in .mid- Q uesti °nnaijes then will ™ as a Preliminary to = "' ' ' ' ' Soviets Advance Despite Fresh German Forces More Points Are Said Occupied By Russian Troops By EDDY GILMOHE Associated Press Staff Writer •jyrOSCOW, Tuesday, Feb. 17 — -"-*- The Russians announced officially today the occupation of several more points on the vast winter front with "heavy losses in manpower and material" inflicted on the Germans, but front dispatches indicated the Nazis were hurling into action the reserves which they had hoped to save for their spring offensive. A supplementary communique also said that in the northwest Red cavalrymen had retaken 40 more inhabited localities in the last few days. Localities Not Named The regular Soviet information bureau communique did not name the localities, a characteristic omission for more than a week now. (But the BBC in a broadcast heard by CBS said the Red army striking south of Smolensk had crossed the Sozh river, a tributary of the Dnieper which flows southwestward into White Russia. No ource was given for the report.) Reports from the Baltic said the Red. fleet had sunk 65 enemy transports laden with equipment troops, and supplies, but did not give the period for. these attacks. One submarine was credited with destroying 38,000 tons of ' enemy Chipping. . • • . (The BBC also quoted' Moscow reports that "a Russian cruiser has slielled a •German-occupied village at- the approaches to Leningrad," after battering through ice jams to get at the Nazi fortifications. (The London radio also said Moscow had announced the occu- (Turn to Page 7, Column 2, Please) Housecleaning By Churchill In War Cabinet Is Predicted Congratulations To:. or not. Just to registered, at 9 night "It is make sure, he o'clock Monday a wonderful country to ive in and I am ready to con- -riDUte my part," he told K. J. •is-encirick, volunteer worker whr. registered him. Kelisky said he was born in Russia. His mother and father disagreed as to whether it was in 1894 or 1893. His father now hves in Cleveland, Ohio, his mother died last year. Meets College Buddy V. B. Watson, who lives at 2111 Twenty-eighth street, was helping Register invalids and sick persons ed ' nto a at St. , . hospital and found Floyd Blankenship. a 1922 rlassmate at th state Teachers col- . - ege at De.Hon. The two had not Turn to Page 7. Column 1. Pleare) ^Bullets For Tokyo" Sends In Funds j classification as available for immediate service or deferred. Ail Of Nazi Crew Of 400 Have Trichinosis WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. (&, The entire interned crew of 400 of the siezed German ship Columbus is ill of trichinosis at Fort Stanton, N. M., Justice deoartment officials' reported today. One of the men died last week but his death was attributed to heart disease rather than the malady which is caused by infected pork. The department said facilities of the Marine hospital there were being extended to the men. The Public Health service sent four doctor?, including a trichinosis specialist, and a group of nurses. The Agriculture department is investigating the plant which supplied meat for the camp. WIDKN, W. Va.. Feb. 16. <JPt~ The "Bullets for Tokyo' 1 club ormed by residents of this coal mining community despatched a T S238.05 to the Treasury department today. The bullets, ssid Gwirgp X. Per- Mr. and Mrs R. L. Waldrop of 2628 Walnut street on birth a d a u g hter weighing 6 pounds 11 ounces in West Texas hospital at 5 o'c 1 o ck Monday afternoon. The father is employed by Waples-Platter company. Mr. and Mrs. G. M. Reid of Tahoka on birth of a daughter weighing 8 pounds 2 ounces in West Texas hospital at 2:48 o'clock Monday afternoon. Mr. and Mrs. Howard A. Bumpass of 1622 Twenty-fourth street on birth of a daughter, named Mat tie Margaret, weighing 7 pounds at 8:10 o'clock Monday night in St. Mary's hospital. The mother is tho former Miss Bonell Boyd. Bumpass is a laundryman. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Gordon of Lake Arthur, N. M., on birth of a son weighing 6 pounds It ounces at 11:27 o'clock Monday night in West Texas hospital. The father is a school teacher Mr. and Mrs. Othie Upton of 310 Avenue U on birth of a daughter weighing 8 opunds 10 ounces at 11 o'clock Monday night in St. Mary's hospital. Upton is an em- ploye of Gene Greer Machine shop. Prime Minister Believed To Have Formulated Plans By DREW MIDDLETON Associated Pies* Slaff Writer T ONDOH, Feb. 16-A drastic •^ housecleaning by Prime Minister Churchill in Britain's war cabinet, with some'leading ministers to be swept into discard, was predicted in informed circles tonight as an aftermath of the Singapore disaster, the channel humiliation and defeats in North Africa. Chuichill- is believed to have decided upon this action, these i n f ormants said, after consultations which convicted him of the fury of an aroused and critical House of Commons. Some To B« Oust«d Some predicted he. would dismiss A. V. Alexander, first lord of the admiralty, and War Secretary H. D. R. Margesson in an attempt to still criticism during Commons' impending three-day debate over conduct of the war. So heavy was the barrage of critical remarks levelled at the government that some members of Parliament predicted . Churchill would be forced to make a complete cabinet reshuffle, dropping among others Lieut. Col. J. T. Mc- Moore-Brabazpn, minister of aircraft production; Arthur Greenwood, minister without portfolio; and Ernest Bevin, minister of labor, to lesser posts. Churchill In Dinger ' ' The prime minister-himself 5s in real danger of defeat, one member declared. There were others in London who , said - "Churchill and the entire- : government may _be.forced 'to; .go."' These opinions. , by no means were confined to "opposition members in the House. Parliamentary observers found Churchill at first loathe to realize the strength of the opposition generated by the British setbacks. It was understood.he persisted at the beginning in the belief the opposition was generated solely by his "enemies" and not by an aroused nation. But at length .he was said to have been convinced that his critics represent - national demands, especially after they were joined by Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger J. B. Keyes, whose disclosures in debate over the Norwegian fiasco helped overthrow the government of the late Neville Chamberlain. . As a result, when Commons debate develops, Churchill is expected to announce his willingness to reconstitute the government in answer to demands for 'an investigation and punishment Asia's longest waterway's, is the key shows direction "Road of what Sir Roger today called Britain's "cruel humiliation." Rep. Goto Says "No Time For Bickering" WEA^THERFORD, Feb. 1G. ( Rep. Arthur Cato said today this "is no time for bickering and pelty grievances between faculty, dean and student body" of the University of Texas medical branch at Galveston. "We sre in a big war and doctors are badiy needed," Cato added. ALIENS ROUNDED UP WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. W— Atty-Gen. Biddie announced today the Federal Bureau of Investigation has apprehended 3,849 alien enemies since the outbieak of war, about a third of whom were Japanese from California, Oregon and Washington. Subs In Caribbean Are Believed Sunk rnittent snow SNOW FORECAST md inter- are scheduled for BULLETIN MARACAISO, Venezuela, Feb. 16. I/FV—Seven ships hava been torpedoed in the Caribbean between the Dutch island of Aruba and the Ver.e- ruelan coast, executives of the Mene Grande Oil company, a Venezuelan concern, said today. . Shipments between here and Aruba have been held up in- definitolT- because of the attacks, it was sa«d. iB;.- The A:.: .-.<:;let! "«.-.«) Curacao, another Dutch island east and slightly south of Aruba. The latter, although hfavily damaged, reached port. There were no casualties in the the South Plains are,. Slightly colder w.jather Monda today, struck morning after an early _ low of 32 degrees. At micimghl .the mercury had fallen 36.—A lone enemy submarine slipped boldiy into those waters off the Venezuelan coast Sunday night, torpedoed and presumably sank three tanker*;, oamaped another and ineffectively shelled the , (l - . -.—-- -—d fallen mammoth Standard Oil t>lant V-n «ri£---*^-lS£S'£sa£?a 1 -'^ British Withdraw Nearer Rangoon; Lines Reformed Jap Contraband Seized On Coast fBj-The Asjoclttfd Prefsl SACRAMENTO, Feb. 16.—Japanese army and navy uniforms, important secret documents and By DANIEL De LUCE Associated Press Staff Wriler T) ANGO'ON, Burma, Feb. 16. — J -*' i The British announced today their troops have withdrawn from the Thaton-Diiyinzeik area to the line o£ the Bilin river, about 30 miles nearer Rangoon. Tbis withdrawal carried out yesterday, apparently left the Japanese in control of Thaton and brought the British right flank to about 40 miles north of iUoulmein three empty aerial bomb casings! at a P°' nl whore the Eilin empties were among the truck loads ot con-i nto tho 8 ulf of Martaban. traband seized by fedora] agents in sweeping raids on Japanese quarters here today. Thirteen Japanese nationals were arrested. More than 30 Japanese were questioned and their homes searched. It was the third major move" of the federal bureau to counteract possible sabotage and Lines He-Eslablished The Bilin flows north and south and the new British lines presumably were re-established along its west bank. Here the imperial forces occupy more concentrated positions from which they will be better-able to combat Japanese! spearheads thrusting toward Japanese Fight Petroleum Fire In Sumatra • Loss Of Big Oil Field Is Severe Blow To Allies By WITT HANCOCK Associated Preis Staff WiHtr "DATAVIA, Netherlands East In- -LJdies, Feb. 16. —Gloomy but determined, the Dutch drew" their- lines for a last-ditch stand in Java today as the Japanese fought a $100,000,000 petroleum fire in Palembang, southern Sumatra, rich, East Indian oil center which fell to them from Dutch hands. The loss • of Palembang—pro- ducer of 50 per cent of the total petroleum output of the entire Dutch East Indies—and- the apparent successful Japanese landing in force in Sumatra made the United, Nations outlook in Indies even gloomier. But the Dutch were determined to defend .their- positions in Sumatra to the -last and continue, the stand in Java. . The word here was that- the' British succeeded in evacuating thousands of troops from Singapore although many-are known. "" to have been trapped. ' . - - . Japs Masters Of Air, . RAF contingents, it'.was said were taken out before the fair of Singapore and valuable materiel also was withdrawn. H was obvious.that theJapanese t ha X? . maslel 'y °£ the air and «hn« h «"f- ? rivc cn Sum atra. al- riH«? * B A S 'l 1 n d American'f^rs anied.the Dutch in .attempting, to prevent landings., The determination of the Dutch to light to the,last was'apparent in- the " thoroughness with'which they -smashed; them^-eWTnves£ - ; merit m Palembang. •'' . l Not in six months, it was estimated here, would it be possible for he enemy to set the fields flowing again, and his thrust, to? au Us success, cost him enormous casualties and at least sevenTes- l i pIet l by Amcr 'can-British-. b ° ml ?s dropped over the a strait just east of Palem! bang. Two of the ships cruisers; five were laden ports. Lost To Both Sides i-thelesK; successive com- muniques both from the Dutch command and from the Allied high command for the Southwest Pact- gloom S St ° i ' y '" ihcre a5<ng Though Palembang's oil was lost to the invader in a $100,000000 fire that represented perhaps the greatest single voluntary ' self- destruction of national property in {"story, it was lost also to the:United Nations, ss had been the supplies of Balikpapan and. Tarakan on oornco island. Lost, in fact, was substantially all the prdduc- (Turn to Page 7, Column 4. Please) were iraris- enemy spy ring activities in north- ! Burma road, China's lifeline. ern California in two weeks, fol-• lowing similar raiding operations' at allejo and Salinas. Area Is Combed Nat Pieper, chief of that FBI at San Francisco, personally supervised the more than 20 separate raiulng parties which combed the | Japanese section of Sacramento j and searched enemy alien resi-1 dences in the vicinity of air fields ban and vital military information. The army and navy uniforms, Near Vilal Junction Athwart the Rangood - Maria- j in rail tiro ** T£»-^ * <n,.r» ;,- ^_t.. sn I The official British announcement said the Japanese did not attempt to interfere with the British reorganizing movement It was understood there was little fighting, the Japanese sininlv fol- Inii-irK. , 1n «l n •»• iT "l"; v ml «"~...= iu.-i UIK «-tasii utailon OI 3U Imvmg up !hc British out of gun- men deferred because of too few Physical Standards Lowered By Army WASHINGTON. Feb. 16. is The Army lowered physical 'oday to make available for •y service a larger ratio of iraft registrants and also thousands of men who already have been given deferred classifications. Materially reducing dental and eyesight requirements, the new standards; were forwarded to local draft boards with instructions to reconsider the classification of all Icclh or poor eyes. Heretofore a minimum of six , masticating and six incisor teeth railway, ThiUon is only 50 ; has been required. Under the new Off '^fS Asked wild shelling of the oil installations here. Reports were lacking im- j _ mediately on casualties aboard the Court Martial Trials tinkers. BALBOA, Canala Zone, Fob. 16. (fPj—Lieut Gen. Frank Andrews, commander of the Caribbean defense, reported .on his return here tonight from Aruba that there were indications that-some enemy submarine,-; engaging in the attacks there had been su'ik. - - * ..^| — ~e»-- -•• - »..*- •*uti£ t wii vvj 4*iciiiucl~ the number of which was not dis- Jay line.'-The Japanese appeared closed, were seized in custody of j driving for Pegu to rut the rail- T. Takahashi, secretary of Togai road over which (he great bulk of Kai, an organization of C o rrr. er! supplies for China are hauled to Japanese naval officers. ' Pieper said Takahashi claimed J (Turn to Page 7, Column 3, Please) the uniforms were for ceremonial purposes only. The bomb casings also were found in Takahas custody, Pieper said. , . miles from the vital junction of vegulations any man able to eat Pegu on the Rangoon to Manda- I Army food, using either false o! natural teeth, is made subject to a draft call for service in any branch Ss Former Tech Student Is Killed In Action WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. Rep. Young (D-Ohioi demanded today court martial proceeding againtt Rear Admiral Husband Kimmel and Maj. Gen. Walter N. Short, blamed by a, board of inquiry for .some 'events that enabled the Jap- The general said that as soon i an ese to carry out their attack on as the submarine attack began United States planes, cooperating with the Dutch in defense of their West Indies isles, took to (he air both from Aruba and Curacao and attacked. Pearl Harbor. Criticising the officers for requesting retirement to civil life instead of asking to tell the'n- story before a military court. Young in Three of the t?.r:li rs uere ;„.,.,,., : House speech dt-ciared that " e 59 'a on slicks observed on i "Americans must gel tough" a'.vl % ihft ~±:Lr^t.^J^^"!^ 51 "P" 1 } . a >rial whether offic- tacked here snH thi V ^ *t .i. « ""l 1 ^ 1 * ."ere nne indication : insssi ' : Pon a trial \v isoiea nere and thi fourth off j that submarines had b«sn hit. Jews wanted it or not." Friends and relatives here Monday learned ot the death in the southwestern 'Pacific war zone Feb. 8 of Lieut. Ferg O. Luscombe, jr., of Dalhart, former student in Texss Technological college. He was a brother of Joe Luscombe. fresKman'student at Texas Tech. The parents live in Dalhart. Luscombe was registered last during the 1939-50 session at the college in civil engineerinf:. His advanced air corps training u-as received at SaU Lake City after primary training p.t Tulsa. He was leader of a bomber squadron. The War department :nTermed the parents, who in turn sent word here. of the Men with defective eyesight which can be substantially cor-- rected by glasses w«>re made eligi- blj for general military service in ali non-combatant branches. Wea WEST TEXAS — Much colder Panhandle and South Plains; continued cold elsewhere Tuesday. Intermittent light snow over 'Panhandle, South Plains and east of Pecos river. NEW MEXICO — Much colder northeast portion Tuesday afternoon. Continued cold elsewhere Tuesday with intermittent snow mostly over mountains:. I OCAI, WKATOT.R TaiJti SU«M Wealhtr Borcu V«TM T(.tl>n<«[«ric»l Collrre SUIioa T^mperntuM at 1 «. »., 5J.S degrees. Maximum ireiperalure yesif.rdir, «j.g it, frees. - j«terdsy, 30 • -

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