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JOURNAL P. 0. Bat HI. Lutbock. Tmi 7MM . < Mot nan Edition I iHutotiKM^^A^r""™'*'*™*^*", Prtu Ol* PLEDGE "'l!}" < 7 " ^' n>t *' lkf Ltll ** K '»"° Uc '" **"* " ""<>. ••« . »nk LiWny irt JIIIK< lor ill NltlM. u4tr -J uutolTttt iM UmtW Pint I ROBERT R.NORRIS Viet Pr««)frl- Ctotrjl Minjjcr J. C. RtCKMAN BUIIMU Mir.»|fr DAV E,?cuLE^" PP J AY HARRIS BURLE"pETTiT Hiratir.f E<Jji or CARI. N. CANNON Page 4, Stction A r KENNETH MAY Asioctaie Edjiflr ROBERT C, McVAY CunilniM Mjnjjer . Lubbock, Texas, Thursday Morning, April 3,1975' —-<w^~-^—« Spending Warning For Austin TITY A C 1 t^r-tor i mx-,»^r. ... . . TEXAS LEGISLATORS, wrestling with a myriad of problems while still facing "the big ones," might well take a lesson from what has happened in Washington. And, more importantly, the reaction of many across the nation to what has happened. We refer to the fact that polls show a large number of the nation's voters as disenchanted with Congress as with the President and other national governmental units. Primarily, the complaints center on what most term "wild eyed spending" to a "liberal bloc" running the show. AS A RESULT, the nation is now saddled with another round of federal deficit budgeting-the largest in history- plus no . apparent letup in continued spending. When the Texas Legislature met early in January, Texas was blessed with a surplus in its general fund of approximately $999 million or more. The sum appeared to be sufficient to take care of the many demands which might be put upon the state, including state salary increases, school financing, even teacher pay raises to a point. NOW, '-THREE months later, the Legislature has stamped its okay on emergency appropriations totaling $285 2 million, with those big items still on the books. As a result, State Comptroller Bob Bullock, although raising his estimate of state revenue for the 1976-77 period by $30 million, nevertheless has warned that "overspending" on the part of the solons could "make a new tax bill as close as the bark on a tree." "The day of the billion dollar surplus is gone and frankly the day of the 'no new tax' talk is fading fast, especially if we are serious about school finance reform" Bullock said. Gov. Dolph Briscoe has warned that he will veto any lax bill. THE PROBLEM, if one exists, revolves around how much role the economy will play in new revenues, plus what the school finance program will cost. Currently, the governor's budget, coupled with his proposed cut in sales taxes on utility bills, would leave $700 million for school finance improvements. Briscoe's current projections on the school measure are S590 million. From these figures, it can be seen that any additional outlays, or sharp reduction in revenues for whatever reason, will "put things in a bind." The best thing that can be said about Bullock's projections is that the Legislators might well bear them in mind, and the attitude of the taxpayers back home who have already "had it up to here" on "spend, spend, spend-tax, tax, tax" at the national level. 'Dukedom' Should Be Finished EVEN BEFORE George Parr's death from gunshot wounds this week, South Texas was echoing with the sounds of battle over who would succeed him as that region's undisputed political boss. It's far too early to tell who, if anybody, will—or can—succeed to the power and in. fluence that the Duke of Duval and his father before him had wielded in Duval and Jim Wells Counties since 1912. Few men in this era have the will or the ! way to control enough votes to elect a U.S. senator—as Parr was credited with doing for ; Lyndon Johnson in 1948—or a President, as he was credited with helping do for John F. Kennedy in 1960. ; PARR, HIS $75,000 bond revoked Monday, faced the prospect of imprisonment on an income tax evasion conviction before he was found dead on his sprawling ranch Tuesday. It was not the first time he had been in trouble with the law, but—this time—old foes and enemies could see it was the end of the line for the aging 74-year-old "patron" and were openly jockeying for power. Former state Rep. Oscar Carrillo, a former ally, boasted he would takeover even as a member of his family, Judge O.P. Carrillo, was removing George's nephew, Archer Parr, from his 'Duval county judgeship. Behind it all, as something of a mystery man, was millionaire Clinton Manges, another "good friend" accused by Parr of manuevering against him. IT WAS ALL quite a comedown for the Duke, who modestly denied he was a political boss ("The people come to me for advice on how to vote but I don't order them ART BUCHWALD: how to vote or tell them how to vote...No one is boss in Duval County.") But if he wasn't boss, Parr had quit? a legend built up around him, It all began in 1912 when his father, state Sen. Archie Parr sided with Mexican Americans against a group of Anglos who wanted to seize control •of the county. He became the Mexican Americans' friend and advisor, later passing along that influence—and wealth—to the son. PARR BOUNDED into headlines with the 1948 senatorial election, when delayed votes from Box 13 in Jim Weils County gave Johnson a come-from-behind 87-vote victory over Coke Stevenson. •Stevenson took his cry of election stealing to court, but lost. In later elections, Texas Rangers were called into Parr country to keep order on election day. There were fights, pistol packing, a bushwacking murder and other activities which Parr's enemies tried to lay at his doorstep. BUT PARR, aided by a Harry Truman Presidential pardon for income tax evasion and a Supreme Court overturning of a 1956 conviction on mail fraud, had weathered all the c »orms. Until the last one. This time, the U.S. 5th Circuit Court of Appeals had upheld his conviction in 1974 on income tax evasion charges as the Duke's power base crumbled beneath him. Texas should see to it that no one succeeds in picking up the reins of bossism that Parr denied but that others think worth fighting for. The Dukedom should die with the Duke. Bonnie Tells How She And Clyde Were Caught WASHINGTON - "In keeping with our policy of paying all news sources, the Combustible Broadcasting Co. presents tonight an exclusive interview with Bonnie Parker, aide, confidante and chief of staff to Clyde Barrow, the greatest bank robber of our time. Bonnie Parker was paid $354.67 to appear on this program which we believe has great historical significance. "Bonnie, you were closer to Clyde than anyone else. What was he like when you worked with him?" "He was weird. There was a part of him which was very decisive, like when he decided to stick up the Third National Trust Co. of Omaha. But there was another part of him which showed he had a great inferiority complex." "Explain that." "WELL, HE never thought he tipped enough when he went to a roadside diner. He always believed that after he left the waitress would say he was a cheapskate." "Bonnie, Bill Quickfire in his book 'The Rise and Fall of Bonnie and Clyde' said you were ruthless in the way you ran the gang — that you had a short temper and chewed out anyone who tried to get near Clyde. How do you plead? " "I WOULDN'T say ruthless. I would say tough Clyde always had a lot of things on his mind. He was planning payroll heists, savings and loan stickups and he even had a grand plan to break inlo the national mint. "My job, as I saw it as chief aide, was to protect him from all the third-rate crooks who were trying to suck up to him." "Bonnie, one of the things said was that you •nd.CJyde, as wfell as the rest of the gang, looked on every one as enemies. True or not true?" "True. But I think Clyde summed it up best in his farewell address to us when he said, 'Always remember, others may hate you, but those who hate don't win unless you hate them'.". "Right. Now, Bonnie, let's get on to the job that finally got you all caught — the break-in of the First National Bank of Watergate. Looking back on it, would you have done it again?" "IN RETROSPECT, I guess it was stupid, not because we did it but because we were caught. I have to take some of the responsibility for that." "Why?" "Well, after the robbery we split up the money and we had all these canvas bags left over, with 'First National Bank of Watergate' printed on them. Clyde asked me if we should destroy the bags. But I said no — that we should keep them for historical reasons. I never in my wildest dreams ever thought the bags would be used against us as evidence. If I knew then what I know now I would have told Clyde to burn them." "THEN WHAT you're saying, Bonnie, is that you have no regrets about robbing banks. You are only sorry you got caught?" "That's correct. At the time we thought bank robbing was the best thing for the country. But I'd like to say one more thing. The Bonnie and Clyde gang spent only 10 per cent of their time sticking up banks — 90 per cent of what we did had nothing to do with crime. But the press doesn't talk about (hat. Someday when passions subside, I hope the people wifl think of the other things we did, like watching baseball and drinking beer and going to the movies and hunting squirrel, Take away the bank robberies and we're as American as apple pie." ™ ^ Reader Claims 'Recession Hour' Tied To Neivscasts Editor, The Avalanche-Journal: It is now 5:30 p.m. and the "Recession Hour" has started again. It begins with the National Network's top news announcers, and is carried to the local stations. The three networks pump out news packages which local stations cannot possibly edit, alter, or in any way apply their own judgment and responsibility. As Democrat Cong. Hebert of Louisiana' recently said, "In Washington, the news media is so prejudiced that they would misinterpret the Ten Commandments if it is in their favor." MARIANNE MEANS: 4 Stir' On In South WASHINGTON - Among the political revolutions of this post-McGovern, post-Nixon era is the little-noticed fact that a majority of the most active Democratic Presidential possibilities are from the South. Since the Civil War, no Southern-based politician has been elected to the Presidency without first having succeeded to that office from the Vice Presidency. Twelve years ago, President John F. Kennedy expressed the hope to a Southern governor that the traditional regional barrier to the White House would soon crumble, as the religious barrier had toppled with his own election. Kennedy's Vice President, Lyndon Johnson, accidentally became the first Southern politician to sit in the White House in a century, but he always felt privately that the rest of the nation resented his origins. NOW, SUDDENLY, four apparently sensible and rational Southern Democrats are prepared to gamble that the regional barrier has at last fallen. And there are two and perhaps more who may join the field. Sen. Lloyd Bentsen of Texas and former Gov. Jimmy Carter of Georgia have already announced. Gov. George Wallace of Alabama is hinting heavily that he will run, although his poor health remains a factor. Duke University president Terry Sanford of North Carolina, the governor to whom Kennedy made that remark in 1963, will announce at the end of the school term in May. Florida Gov. Reubin Askew and Arkansas Sen. Dale Bumpers figure heaviiy in dark horse speculation. What has happened? Why are there suddenly so many Southerners being taken seriously as real live candidates? TH ERE IS NO clear answer, other than the obvious fact that ambition springs in the hearts of Southerners no less than in Yankees. But many Dixie politicians now believe that the Democratic Party, fleeing from the radical ideas of the McGovern activists, is more receptive than in the past three decades to the fiscal conservatism and devotion to tradition long identified with the South. They also feel that in the past decade Southern integration has sufficiently progressed — especially in comparison with Northern cities like Boston — so that regional leaders of moderate philosophy can run for national office without the stigma of racism. "The burden of race made it impossible for any Southerner to be taken seriously outside the South," Sanford says. "But now there is a sense of relief all that is behind us, and people can look at a lot of other things the South has stood /or, such as a broader concept of the use of federalism." CARTER, CAMPAIGNING in Iowa recently, observed that several local black leaders have endorsed his candidacy and said, "Integration has been accepted — reluctantly at first, but now with gratitude." Bentsen is the least conspicuous as a Southerner of the group. He has virtually no regional accent or mannerisms, and Texans have always been regarded as in something of an individual category anyway - part Western and part Southern but distinctly Texan. It would be a healthy development if at last a Southerner could indeed scale that old barrier of prejudice to reach the White House. Perhaps then the country will also be ready to abandon the barriers of race and sex. ' Our own Robert McKinsey of KCBD-TV stated recently that the national networks at times seemed to be trying to talk us into a "recession". .Take the subject of the rise in unemployment. We are always getting the dark side. For example, objective reporting would bring out that the unemployment figure is misleading in that many union members with five year's seniority or more in the major industries receive 95% of their salaries for one year. Tax free, yet. So, with that kind of unemployment compensation, why should they be in a hurry to get back to work, or look fora job? This would reduce the 8% unemployment figure considerably. If they, and others such as school-age children and women who only want part-time work, with' wages and hours of their choosing, plus those who • would not consider a job that is demanding or not up to their "standards" were eliminated, I believe that the unemployed would be closer to 5%. This is not to say that everyone is a dead-beat, because most Americans do not like welfare, but would rather make it on their own. These facts are known to the news media, but, for some reason or other, in my opinion they would rather give us depressing news. Today, most national TV news emanates from the New York studios of the three major networks. They are flanked by some national news magazines, and newspapers which spearhead a small clique with excessive influence. There are many "highly responsible journalists" and it is unfortunate that they lack the aggregate strength to neutralize what in my opinion is the editorial bias of a small, powerful, oul- o/-proportion core of Eastern media that sets the pace of national thinking. We need more people like Robert McKinsey and the editorial staff of our local newspaper to remind us that we are being "conned", and to keep reminding us that a small group is determined to make and shape the news, instead of reporting it as it is. It is essential, if America is to survive, that something must be done to alter present trends. The real hope lies with media people, themselves, The media must police itself and adopt a code of ethics, standards of excellence, and a determination to live by them. Ted Babain, 3512 38th St. (EDITOR'S NOTE: Your basic premise - that we can "talk" ourselves into and out of trouble — to a point, is a fair one. You realize, of course, that there are many responsible papers and' broadcast stations, local and national, who do a good job day in, day out. The key is a "balanced" account, plus keeping facts and opinion separated.) Evolution Lives By Faith Alone, City Critic Asserts Editor, The Avalanche-Journal: This letter is to reply to the letter of Rae L. Harris, Professor of Geosciences, Texas Tech University, Avalanche-Journal, Feb. 18,1975 concerning the "Creation Debate." His letter attempts to discredit arguments and data favorable to creation used by Duane T. Gish PhD., Institute of Creation Research in the debate. The futility of Dr. Harris' arguments is to be found in his own letter. Dr. Harris quotes the Journal of Paleontology as follows: "If correctly assigned to the Class, this find extends the range of the Cephalopoda from Late (Recent) to very Early (Old) Cambrian." .Webster defines Cephalopod as follows: "Any of the highest class (Cephalopoda) of mollusks containing the squids, cuttlefish, octopuses, etc." Whether you refer to the above Class as cuttlefish or Cephalopoda, the above statement would indicate this Class of animal life had not previously been found in the formation of rock, known as Early Cambrian. • Dr. Harris gave a scholarly account of himself during the debate, but he fights a losing battle. Abraham Lincoln once said, "Liquor has many defenders, but no defense." The same can be said of Evolution. There is not one fact of science or nature to support it. Evolution lives by faith alone. It is a non-theistic religion and should not be taught as a scientific explanation of Origin. Art Bowman, 2323 55th St. There weren't so many nerve disorders until • rock music became popular. The man who mows the lawn thinks the grass grows faster on his lide of the fence. ' There was a time when a small boy looked on a nickcias worth having. JAY HARRIS: A'Torch' To AS THE DRAMA of the South Vii unfolded the past few days, an event in man^ways similar flashed across the memories of many: It was in the fall of 1956 in a world and time far different from today's uncertain events, events posi ng many questions and few answers. Russian troops and tanks had poured into Hungary in October of that year as the small nation gave signs of seeking its freedom from tacit Soviet rule. On Nov. 4, an estimated 200,000 Russian troops and 2,500 tanks and armored cars launched a massive surprise attack on Budapest. The wire service machines, located in the old A-J building, and those across the world; ticked out the grim message. And a cry for help. It was a cry that, except for refugee.aid later, would be unheeded. THERE WERE many persons in thosip days who felt that the Free World, including the;U.S., should have answered the desperate pleas of a dying nation. •;...:' . . As it turned out, no one did. , Estimates of casualties ranged from 6,500 to 32,000 slain in the brief squashing of the rebellion. More than 170,000 persons fled the nation, .And under a special refugee emergency program', the U.S. harbored 38,243 Hungarians who had fled their homeland. It was just one more chapter in the advance of Soviet Communism across the world, coming on the heels of the Berlin Wall, the Korean War. There are those who argue had the Free World challenged Russian might at that point it would have precipitated World War III. And there are others who argue that it may have saved Hungary, stopped the march and averted the South Vietnam tragedy later. AS THE THOUSANDS of civilian refugees and soldiers poured toward DaNang, then broke and fought one another for a last chance at escape from an onrushing enemy, Americans must have again felt some sense of guilt this past Easter week. Again, a nation of people looked for help and found little. As tens of thousands fled along dirt roads, many dying from hunger, fatigue, exposure and wounds, a "convoy of tears became a convoy of death." • Far away, in Dallas, Texas, the Rev. Billy Graham took note of the events and commented: "There is despair in this country," he said. "We are frustrated and guilt-ridden over Vietnam. "People in the South (Vietnam) are undergoing terrible suffering, but there is no ground swell of • sympathy, no big demonstrations in Washington, and on the campuses like there was for the people of the northern sector." And then he added: "People in Indochina are real. They need our help." WE FULLY realize that such comments and thoughts open up a whole new bag of arguments, emotions, recriminations. And at this point, we would like to make one thing clear. We are not advocating "sending American boys back into Indochina," today or in the foreseeable future. South Vietnam/for all practical purposes, is lost, as is Cambodia, perhaps even Thailand. The problems here, the past mistakes' — fighting a "no win" war — are so great that they can't be rectified overnight. But, they can be reckoned with, and must be. The alternative is a world that faces the gradual, creeping, crawling specter of the Dark Ages again as Red hordes by whatever name slowly engulf the world, bit by bit. SOMEWHERE, AT a point in the not distant future, this nation must "take a stand." The United States, its leaders, the people, must decide how important this "way of life" as we know it is, and what it is worth in terms of beine defended. 6 Then, we must so state this to friend and foe alike, "draw a line" past which we will no longer permit the tyranny of Communism to advance and stick to it. The argument that Freedom and Independence is worth defending in Israel or Chile and not worth it in Indochina is asinine on the surface. If we do not choose the point at which Liberty is to stand firm and unyielding, then our enemies will do it for us. TODAY, WE believe a vast majority of Americans yearn for leadership, men and women of vision and daring. From the White House and Halls of Congress to the Statehouses and City Halls — we need men and women who wil! "stand up and be counted." We seek those with the courage of their convictions, who are willing to work and sacrifice to bring them about. Graham said it this way: "Great tragedies have come about through many mistakes made since World War II. A lamp that came into our lives was snuffed out by sin. It can be revived by a faith that can carry anyone through any circumstances. "With Christ in our hearts, we have supernatural powers." Maybe what we see here and are trying to say is that if this nation is right, if our belief in Freedom is what it has appeared to be these 200 years, if the lives spent in its defense were as we claimed them to be, then the real tragedy at this point in history is to lose it by default. We have no other choice. The Torch is ours to carry. There is no one else! L. M. BOYD: • • . Pass It On LIZARD Q. "Can you identify the animal known as the Jesus Cristo?' A. Believe you refer to that little basilisk lizard that walks on water. AN AUTHORITY on art says he has never seen a painted forgery of an old master's work that did not show the fine system of cracks as a sign of age. Lot of genuine paintings, however, don't have those cracks. THAT RENOWNED Broadway hit called South Paafic" ran 1,925 performances, but technically never closed. On its final Friday night the stagehands refused to pull the curtain Members of the cast just sneaked off the state one by one while the audience cheered wildly. DO YOU realize the coconut trees that nourish along the beaches of Palm Beach, Fla., have been there for less than 100 years? To be exact it was in January of 1879 that a Spanish freighter with a cargo of coconuts cracked up in,a storm off Florida's coast. When those coconuts floated . ashore, they took root. That started it.