The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin on June 27, 1965 · Page 18
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June 27, 1965

The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin · Page 18

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Racine, Wisconsin
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Sunday, June 27, 1965
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Page 18
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tundfy, Jun* If, INI .$-C4''' 1 « 1*1 \ ' I 1 ' a*'-^'^ A $300,000 expansion program has added to the facilities at the AUis-Chalmers proving ground in the Town of Raymond. Round-the-Clock Racine Tarm' Working Equipment to Death Most farmers in the Town of Raymond are well into their summer field work and are thinking about how profitable their operations will be this year. On one Racine County "farm" about 90 men work on a round-the-clock schedule, but they're not particularly concerned about cashing in on bumper crops of corn or soybeans. Their prime concern is how well farm equipment works. $300,000 Expansion Headed by Daniel Semlak of Milwaukee, their job is developing and testing new models of Allis-Chalmers tractors, farm implements and harvesting equipment. And they have the tools to do it. Their "farm" covers the major part of a 200-acre plot just east of Highway 45 and north of the Johnson Road in the Town of Raymond. A $300,000 expansion program just winding up includes a 26,000 square foot addition to an existing building. Outside the building is a weird assortment of testing devices. They're designed, says Semlak, to literally "work a machine to death." Simulates Field Work There's a treadmill, for example. A tractor is tied down with four stout chains. Then the engine is started and it's put in gear. The wheels go round and round for days on end. The treadmill is adjusted to soak up all the pulling power the tractor can produce. The test of the engine and drive train goes on and on till the unit breaks down or until it's shut down for servicing or inspection. The test setup sim­ ulates tough field work on a farm such as plowing or disc­ ing. Nearby, an experimental crawler tractor alternately revs up and down as it goes through all the motions of digging a scoopful of dirt, backing up, dumping it in a truck, and moving into the pile again for another load. All done without moving off the test stand. A pneumatic control sys-. tern is programmed to govern the engine speed, shift gears, drive the track, and work the hydraulic cylinders. Across the way, an operator drives a tractor round and round a one-third mile long concrete test track pulling three other heavily loaded tractors. Every hundred feet he stops, snaps the clutch and starts out again. Work on Farms "With this setup," Semlak explained, "we can test drive trains, and clutches the year round, rain or shine." He pointed out a pond across the field that's used to "dunk" tractors in mud several feet deep. "You see, no loggers down South often operate in wet, muddy woods. So we have to test the seals in our logging winches under similar conditions," he said. This "test stand" type of work is important, but this time of year calls for plowing, discing and planting. Semlak explained that each year crews with equipment work on farms for several miles around. "It's a good deal for the farmer and for us," he said. "The farmer gets his field work done free, and we ac­ cumulate thousands of hours on the equipment." A map in his office pinpoints every farm in a 10-mile radius of the proving ground. It lists the owner and the number of acres the farm covers. Small pins dot the map where land is available and equipment is working. See Further Expansion Most of his crew lives in the suburbs of Milwaukee such as Hales Corners, Greendale and Franklin. Some live in Union Grove, and others in the Wind Lake area, and a few in Racine like Billy Ehrick of 832 Blaine Ave., assistant supervisor in charge of assembling experimental equipment. Semlak explained that the proving ground staff had more than doubled in the last year. It has been part of a plan to co-ordinate development engineering work that formerly was done at the company's plants in La Crosse and at La Porte, Ind. Early in 1964, personnel from La Crosse moved to the Racine County facility. In late winter this year, development engineering personnel began arriving from La Porte. What does the future hold for the Racine County proving ground? "It's safe to say that we'll continue to expand our test engineering department in the years ahead," Semlak said. "Advancements in fann and industrial equipment design are being made faster than ever before. We need the facilities and manpower to test these innovations, prove them and get them on the market." Whose Is Whose? Two S/o/es Ask RALEIGH, N. C.—UP)— Some landowners in two Virginia and two North Carolina counties have a problem: How much of their property lies in the other state? This becomes particularly troublesome when they have to figure how much real estate taxes to pay North Carolina and Virginia. The boundary line between Carroll and Grayson counties, Va., and Surry and Alleghany counties, N. C, is so poorly defined residents are in a quandary over which state their property lies in. Tiie problem is compounded by the question of which state's public schools the children living along the border should attend. The two states have appointed three-member commissions to work on a solution. Werner Last of New Berlin, left, an experimental engineer, and Robert Van Fleet, Whitefish Bay, an engineering student from the University of Wisconsin who is working at the Allis-Chalmers proving grounds on a co-operative basis with the university, are watch­ ing a test on a tractor running on a treadmill. Tlie treadmill is providing a resistance to the tractor similar to the resistance encountered when pulling a load. Sometimes tractors are operated up to 1,000 hours continuously on this test. From Carbines fo Sfrafegic Bombers U.S. Has Run Gamut of Weaporiry as Viet Warfare Tactics Change Examining a grain harvesting machine that is to undergo some changes before being tested are Billy Ehrick, left, 832 Blaine Ave., Racine, an assistant supervisor in assembly; and Dan Semlak, chief test engineer at the proving ground. Portuguese Police Seize 60,000 Books LISBON, Portugal— i/P) — About 60,000 books have been seized by Portuguese police "to check their content," it was learned Saturday. Plainclothesmen went to the Europa-America Publishing House, according to its director Lyon De Castro, to impound the books. "They froze 23 of our recent tiltes, which totaled about 60,000 books," De Castro said. "But I have no idea why this was done." Among the books seized were: Harper Lee's "To Kill a Mockingbird," and Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana" and "Summer and Smoke." Machinist Local Ends Strike in Koukauna KAUKAUNA, Wis. —(/P)— Members of the International Machinist Assn. local 474 voted to accept a new two year contract offered by the Giddings and Lewis Corp., thus ending a 24-day strike at the plant here. The new contract calls for an eight cent an hour wage increase the first year, another eight cents the second year, addition of an eighth paid holiday and an increase in life insurance by $2,000 for each employe. The firm hires about 350 persons. The union has 190 members at the plant. •FIVE-NEEDLE' PINES The true white pines, such as the sug^r pine of southern Oregon and California, are sometimes called "five-needle pines" because their needles grow in five-needle clusters or sheaves. WASHINGTON — i/P) — The United States has drawn on almost every type of arms in its arsenal of conventional weapons to cope with the mounting ferocity of Communist attack in Viet Nam. The proliferation of weaponry ranges from carbines for foot soldiers to the recently used B52 strategic bombers. Four years ago when this country began to send equipment and small numbers of military advisers to help South Viet Nam fight the Viet Cong questions were raised about restrictions imposed by international agreements. Similar Types The 1954 Geneva accords, which the United States promised to adhere to although not a signatory, specified that no tjT)es of weapons not in use by North or South Viet Nam forces at the time of the agreement should be introduced. It permitted only replacement with the same or similar type weapons. That document soon became a scrap of paper. Tlie state department, basing its action on reports of members of the International Control Commission, held that the introduction of new weapons for the assistance of South Vietnamese defense was justified by what it termed flagrant North Vietnamese violations in the weapons provided the Viet Cong. The Pentagon took occasion Saturday to say it knows of no evidence that medium range ground-to-ground nuclear missile sites are being built in the Communist north. Asked about a story published by the St. Louis Globe- Democrat and the Harrisburg (Pa.) Patriot and distributed by the Newhouse National news service which said U.S. authorities have evidence that such sites are being built to handle Soviet-made missiles. Pentagon spokesman said: "There is no evidence of any surface-to-surface missile sites in North Viet Nam." He added that the report may have stemmed from confusion over announcement recently that construction of anti-aircraft missile sites in North Viet Nam has been When the first U. S. advisers to South Viet Name units began going into the jungle to meet Viet Cong their own equipment was rudimentary— sidearms, rifles, light automatic weapons. The war worsened. By early this year, units of the regular army of North Viet Nam, with modern arms, were showing up in South Viet Nam. The United States began sending in more and more military men. The total will be between 70,000 and 75,000 in the next few months, with increasing firepower. What are the weapons used by the U. S. and South Viet Nam today? The categories not used should be mentioned—nuclear, long - range ballistic missiles and toxic gases. (South Vietnamese were provided with some non-toxic, nauseating gases, used by them on a few occasions with limited success.) Many Aircraft Types In aircraft, more than 30 types of fixed-wing or rotary aircraft are used. At one end are the workhorse helicopters and light observation planes. Transports of the C123 and C 130 classes are used for airlifting supplies and troops. Then come the tactical aircraft as well as light jet bombers and supersonic jet attack planes of the Air Force Navy and Marines. The idea that jets are too swift to be used in ground support; has been dispelled in the Viet Nam war. The small arms toted by the Army and Marine ground fighters into battle now are in wide variety—The World War M 1; carbines; the M 14 and M16 lightweight rifles, new since Korea; .30 and .50 cali­ ber machineguns; 60-MM and 80-MM mortars; 37-MM and 57-MM anti-tank weapons; recoilless rifles. Along with them are recently improved designs of mines, grenades and grenade launchers. The artillery used for fighting what started out to be a bushwacking kind of war has become impressive — eight- inch and 155 and 105 Howitzers; Hawk anti-aircraft weapons (although no enemy air strikes have appeared so far); medium tanks; self-propelled M56 "Spat" antitank guns; the jeep-mounted Ontos weapon; M113 armored personnel carriers. Napalm Used Along with machinegun fire and rockets, napalm is in the ordnance used by planes to burn out fortified areas or in­ tensify the bombing work on North Viet Nam targets. Although there is no sea war, as such, the U. S. Navy is applying a wide range of firepower. Carrier-based aircraft strike routinely against North Viet Nam military barracks, supply dumps, roadways, bridges, truck convoys. A major part of the 7th fleet patrols off the coast. Coast Guard cutters, put under operational control of the 7th fleet, will arrive in Vietnamese waters later this summer to assist in the coastal patrol. Naval gunfire is back in vogue. Cruisers and destroyers stand in close to the South Vietnamese shore to lay down gunfire from their batteries on Viet Cong concentrations. SUNDAY SPECIALS KRESGE'S SUNDAY SPECIALS Delicious BAKED HAM Only Sliced to Order AQUA NET HAIR SPRAY FOUKTAIN SPECIAL GRAPE or ORANGE DRINK with FREE 15-ox. Toll Gloss Gregory Berg of tlie West AlHs office and Dan Semlak, chief test engineer, look over the oval track used to test tractors. The test track is versatile in that iron covers can be taken off of holes in the surface to simulate field operation through deep holes, arid lengths of pipe can be placed across the track to simulate rough ground. The tractors are tested pulling various loads. Other areas In the proving grounds provide for operations under muddy conditions and a pond at the rear of the property provides for test operations in water. Only (Limit 2) YOUIL BE LOOKING FOR The RACINE JOURNAL-TIMES and SUNDAY BULLETIN, tool • NO MATTER where you spend your vacation this exciting summer, you'll want to keep pace with important events — especially each day's happenings back home! Best way is to have this newspaper forwarded daily to your vacation spot, with its FULL coverage of local and global news; plus all your favorite columns, comics and feature pages! NO EXTRA charge for this added vacation treat! Just give us your holiday address and dates, several days before you leave. We'll mail your copies there, and resume delivery when you return. Thus you'll enjoy your newspaper every day, at home or away, and your carrier will enjoy full profit all summer long. To place your order for vacation news service, give this coupon to your carrier, TOGETHER WITH PAYMENT, SINCE VACATION MAIL SUBSCRIPTIONS MUST BE PAID IN ADVANCE ... as well as all straight mail orders. Your paper will be mailed daily. I Please send the I RACINE JOURNAL-TIMES I by Mail to and SUNDAY I BULLETIN • Nam* i Moil Addrcii City Stat* ! Racina Addrasi Oatai from to I Should papor In Raelna conllnua? Yai No. i Data fe Raiumo Raclna Dtlivery • CARRIER FILLS OUT I Reula Amt. Pd. I Carrier'* Comm Nat Pd. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Up to 500 Milei 60c Weekly OVER 500 Miles 70c Weekly f/eose present this coupon to your Carrier Boy

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