Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on June 29, 1973 · Page 72
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 72

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Friday, June 29, 1973
Page 72
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ALL EDITIONS The Arizona Republic Phoenix, Friday, June 29,19?: Yugoslav dissident WWWOIbCi?.. ••••... stirs political furor New York Times Service BELGRADE, Yugoslavia — For almost 28 years Miloyan Djilas, the Yugoslav political dissident, has either been in prison or living in isolation from most of his countrymen, rarely moving far. from his apartment on Belgrade's tree-lined Palmoticeva street, in the shadow of the Federal Assembly. Yugoslavs who echo the official attitudes, and some who do not, tend to express scorn toward the one-time zealous Communist who fell into disfavor in 1954 for critical writing, and who twice went to prison for "behavior contrary to the interests of Yugoslav socialism." ."Who's Djilas?" is the usual rejoinder here when someone raises his name. "Djilas is a nobody. He has no contact with real life in Yugoslavia. He is irrelevant." Critics of Djilas like to recall with glee that in 1968, during demonstrations here by leftist students, people who went into the crowds and asked whether the students were supporting Djilas met mainly with blank expressions, reflecting a lack of knowledge of the name. But for a man who is "irrelevant" and an outcast from political life for 20 years, there is an odd clamor ,in Yugoslavia now about his -effect on political develop- Jments. ' In recent months, he has ^come under sharpening at- r tack in Yugoslav publications. '•The attacks reached an omi- •nous level when the military >eeks Front called him a f "traitor and enemy of his •country." ;- The accusations reflected • discontent with recent articles "'written by Djilas for western publications, including the New York Times. But Djilas has continued to live undisturbed in Belgrade, writing and reading. widely, including works by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the Russian who is also under a dark cloud. Occasionally, he receives visitors, goes to see friends or takes a stroll through the city. Few pedestrians seem to recognize him or otherwise pay him any attention. His white hair and other effects EX-JANITOR GETS DEGREE NEW YORK (AP) - Bela Baron, 49, a Hungarian-born former janitor and campus guard at Columbia University, recently received a bache; . lor's degree in American history from the university. of 62 years give little likeness to wartime photographs stir printed in occasional Yugoslav histories. This week, the Belgrade news magazine NIN has again thrown the spotlight o publicity on Djilas\ inadvertently or otherwise contributing to a widespread discus sion of his name. The weekly printed a four- page article titled "From Djilas to Liberalism," announced as the first of a series under- covering "deviations" in the ideological development o 1 the Yugoslav Communist Party. The "deviations" the article stresses for the benefit of younger Yugoslavs, are largely the result of an "anarcho- liberal" movement fostered by Djilas more than two decades ago. The "anarcho-liberal" trend, under severe attack by President Tito and his supporters since the fall, is generally traced to the Yugoslav Party's Sixth Congress, in 1952, sometimes called the "Djilas Congress." At that congress, the Yugoslav Communists decided on a now much criticized course — restricting their power ol arbitrary command over all aspects of life and taking on instead a role of persuasion and education. Since the reassertion of tight party discipline, Tito has complained that the Sixth Congress weakened the party's authority and prestige. During the height of the campaign for discipline, Djilas commented quietly at a small dinner party, "When they criticize the sixth congress, they mean me and my report." In the report, Djilas de- no u n c e d "bureaucratic tyrants" in Moscow and their "wild and malicous attacks on the Communist Party of Yugoslavia," references t o Soviet polemical assault on the Tito government begun in 1948. Djilas also stressed the view,-now heresy, that no organized working class was needed in Yugoslavia's self- managing society. Once among the top four leaders of the nation, Djilas urged the drafting of a new Yugoslav party program free of Soviet influence. By the time that it was completed, in 1958, he was in prison. • Even though he was officially disgraced and jailed, party leaders now complain, some of his ideas persisted inside the party as "Djilas- ism" and must now be rooted out. CROSSWORD PUZZLE ACROSS 1 "SOS" 6 Milk: Prefix 10 Antagonists 14 Figure skating feat 15 Color 16 Summit 17 Asian bird: Var. 18 Kind of pressure 20 Follower of Zeno 22 Permit 23 Commence 24 Designations 26 Had a meal 27 African nation 30 Attractive things: . 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