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MCINE SUNDAY lULLITIN /••Ill ^ , Siindoy, Junt 27, 196S bilie Balky inPast D.C Hos H/g/i Hopes Congress Will Return Home Rule to It Big Names Will Be Missing By Carl P. Leubsdorf WASHINGTON—(AP)—The 1965 voting rights bill wUl help thousands of Southern Negroes to register and vote. The 23d Amendment to the Constitu But it will do nothing to let three-quarters of a million disenfranchised American citizens—both white and Negro—who live in Washington choose dieir loca' officials—a right denied them since 1874. The 23d Amendment to the Constitution—adopted in 1961—gave Washingtonians the vote for president. They responded with gusto—more dian 200 ,000 registered and 90 per cen of those voted last November. Control of local affairs, however, still rests essentially with Congress, and to some extent with three appointed commissioners—one an Army engineer. Now, 91 years after it withdrew home rule power from the District of Columbia, Congress may give it back. For the sixth time since 1949 the Senate is expected to approve home rule legisla tion this year. The House has never voted for home rule, but chances now are rated better than ever before. 57% Negro Population Behind some of the opposition to home rule, especially in Congress, appears to be this statistic: Washington is now •bout 57 per cent Negro. Thus, if the nation's capital is given the vote, there is a strong chance it would become the first major city In the country to elect a Negro mayor. One of the three present commissioners—John Duncan—is a Negro. When the Senate District of Columbia Committee held home rule hearings in March, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, D- N.Y., put this question to Walter N. Tobriner, president of the Board of Commissioners: "What is the basis of the opposition to home rule?" Tobriner replied: "I would say the basis is, first, a feeling that this is a federal city, in which the federal interest will not be adequately protected except under the existing system. "I would have to say, in all candor. Sen. Kennedy, that another often unexpressed opposition to home rule in the District of Columbia is the feeling among some people that it might result in the domination of the city government by Negroes." Most Were for It Most of the 60 persons who testified before the committee supported home rule. The [principal opposition came from the metropolitan board of trade, which represents business leaders, and the all!white District of Columbia Federation of Citizens Assns. The Board of Trade denied race was the prime consideration for its opposition. "We opposed similar home rule proposals a half century ago when the non-white population of the district was just over 25 per cent," it said. It added: "The Board of Trade's long experience with Congress on District of Columbia budget and legislative matters has led up to the firm conclusion that the transfer of revenue and budget functions to a locally elected council or legislative assembly would be accompanied by the shrinkage of the presently increasing, but still inadequate federal payment." At present the federal government provides about 14 per cent of the district's budget. The rest comes from local taxes. "Other Elements" The association said most Washington Negroes are "splendid citizens" but that "there are other elements in both races that are constantly fanning the flames of racial feeling and unrest. In political matters we can expect a strong tendency to vote en bloc for political leaders who 'promise the bigger handout." The League of Women Voters, which supports home rule, said that both fiscal and ra cial arguments stemmed from the period after the Civil War when the city bungled a public works program, went bankrupt and lost home rule. The Constitution gives power over district affairs to Congress. But James Madison wrote in the Federalist Papers that inhabitants of the proposed district "will have had their voice in the eletcion of the government, which is to exercise authority over them" and that "a municipal legislature, for local purposes, derived from their own suffrages, will of course be allowed them." From establishment of the district government in 1802 until 1874, residents elected various local officials. In 1871 Congress reorganized the government, providing for an appointed governor and a legislative assembly consisting of an appointed council and an elected House of Delegates. 1874 Action In 1874, after the city's financial collapse. Congress revoked any vestige of home rule and substituted appointed commissioners. Efforts in the past 16 years to restore home rule have seen Senate approval in 1949, 1952, 1955, 1958 and 1959. But the House balked each time. Northern Democrats in Congress generally favor home rule. Southern Democrats oppose it and Republicans are split. One reason Democrats are more enthusiastic is that about 80 per cent of the 200,000 registered voters are Democrats. Republicans may hold the key to the present home rule drive. Senate passage of a bill seems virtually certain. Chairman John L. McMillan, D- S.C., chairman of the House District Committee, has announced vague plans for hearings on home rule. The committee never has approved home rule legislation. Ten of its 25 members are Southern Democrats—eight solidly against home rule. One of the eight Republicans — Rep. Charles Mathias, who represents the city's Maryland suburbs—supports home rule. At least three other Republicans would have to back a bill before it could get the necessary majority, and observers consider this unlikely. Thus supporters would have to resort to the route tried unsuccessfully in I960—a petition signed by a majority of the House (218 members) —to bring the bill directly to the House floor. The I960 j effort fell six signatures short. In forwarding home rule legislation to Congress in February, President Johnson [said "citizens of the District of Columbia are taxed without representation. They are 'asked to assume the responsibilities of citizenship while being denied one of its basic rights." Supporters of home rule feel the overwhelming Democratic majority in the House— especially the increased strength of liberals—make it New Orleans Jazz Festival to Open with Some Muted Notes in Score more likely to approve home rule than any House in recent years if only the matter can be brought to a vote. NEW ORLEANS— (i?*) —A four-day summer jazz festlva opens today in the city thjjt calls itself the cradle of jazz. Some think it 's starting off key. No big names will be making music and no oldtime New Orleans jazz buffs are sponsoring it. The "Annual Internationa Jazz Festival of New Orleans, La., Inc.," is the brainchild of Dean A. Andrews Jr., 42, a lawyer and assistant district attorney in suburban Jefferson Parish (county). "Our idea is not to bring in big-time musicians," says Anderws. "We want to tel the story of the New Orleans sound, to show the evolution of New Orleans jazz." Working on a shoe-string budget and a rent free hall seating 500, Andrews* show will feature local talent playing music spanning the past 75 years of jazz. Various Categories Categories are spirituals and gospel songs, minstrels, gut-belly blues, ballroom orchestra, ragtime, traditional and progressive jazz. Andrews, says he 's gotten no support from the city 's jazz hierarchy. "They hate my guts," he said. "They consider me an interloper. They don't like the threat to their sphere of influence over the local musicians. But I say they don 't have a monopoly on jazz. "Everybody 's been talking about a jazz festival for years. But I'm the first to get off his backside and do it." Harry V. Souchon, founder of the New Orleans Jazz Museum and former president of the New Orleans Jazz Club, said the jazz club isn't participating because it hasn't been invited. No Connection "This is a one-man venture," said Souchon. "He's seen fit to go ahead on his own." Andrews show has no connection with a festival with almost the same name— "New [Orleans International Jazz Festival"—that had planned to bring the stars of the Newport festival here in May. The project, which had $50,000 behind it and was planned as a non-profit community effort, was postponed indefinitely after a walkout of Negro players cancelled the American Football League all star game last January. They protested segregation practices of night clubs and taxis. Most people blamed the jazz postponement on integration tensions. Officials said only they thought it could be better planned and staged later. Andrews' four - day affair starts with a downtown band parade today, from Monday to Wednesday, Musicians will cover the jazz spectrum musically from 7 p.m. to 2 a.m. in a hotel ballroom. Among those signed so far, says Anderws, are the original Tuxedo Band, Paul Barbarin's Orchestra, J i m Lipscomb's Jazz Bums, Eddie Smith's Orchestra, and Hugh Watts' Combo. They include both Negro and white musicians. Many play New Orleans clubs regularly. Watts, an English trombonist who has been here about eight months, gives the show its "international" flavor, Andrews said. Shah of Iran Molds Last Talks with Russ MOSCOW — (/P) — Soviet leaders held a final round of talks Saturday with the visiting Shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlevi. The Shah met with first Secretary Leonid I. Brezhnev of the Soviet Communist Party, President Anastas I. Mi- koyan and Premier Alexei N. Kosygin, an official Soviet announcement said. Iranian sources said the first round of talks on Tuesday did not involve any problems or negotiations. The Shah and Empress Farah arrived Monday. They return to Tehran Wednesday. The early Christians did not build the catacombs; they were already there and in use as cemeteries. DOWNTOWN STORE ONLY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY ANY Russ Rocket Shortcomings Criticized by Soviet Paper MOSCOW (JP) — The military newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda (Red Star) Saturday complained about failings in the Soviet rocket forces. It said many units were unprepared for the next war. The article was the latest in a rash of complaints about the rocket troops' preparedness published in the Defense Ministry organ. The tone of the criticism suggested that a thorough inspection of rocket units had turned up widespread shortcomings. Krasnaya Zvezda warned: "The next war will demand the greatest stress or moral and physical resources and will take place in unusually complicated circumstances.' Some commanders were conducting rocket training exercises "as though combat moves will be made only by one side and the 'enemy' will either be idle or will display |a passivity that will be the trainee's advantage," the newspaper complained. Letters Arrive, 25 Years Late Avert Strike Against Italy Electric Industry ROME — UP) — A sched uled two-day strike against Italy's vast nationalized electric industry was called off Saturday after Premier Aldo Moro intervened and the power agency agreed to reopen contract talks. Communist and non-Communist unions, representing 70,000 workers, had set the walkout for 48 hours starting Wednesday. It had threatened to paralyze the country's factories, transportation offices and homes with a shutdown of electric supplies. ESSEN, Germany — W — Two letters that soldier Hel- jmut Glasmacher mailed to his girl friend in 1940 have finally reached their destination. Anneliese Braun, 16 years old and living in Cologne when the letters were dispatched from an Army post in Eastern Germany, received them at her home in Essen. The letters carried 1940 stamps and a postal cancellation saying "Air raid protection is a national duty." Glasmacher is married to someone else and living near Essen. Anneliese's married name is Metzemacher. Ketchikan, Alaska, is the wettest city in the U.S. with 150 inches of rain annually. FREE Slyro Foam ICE BUCKET with purchase of l ^r Old Timer GIN 4 »98 SUITS PLAIN or Old Timer Vodka SUMMER HOUSE PAINT SALE! SAVB *f $100 GALLON St WHITE & COLORS MAUTZ 200" HOUSE PAINT Buy now and save! Brilliant white finish lasts for years. High-hiding—one coat covers most surfaces. SALE $663 Reg. $7.63 GAL. 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