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"Ha! Ha! Ha! Ha!...answered the freeman in reply to a politician's outstretched hand." —Karlls Paucitis •?:"?->r ' ,'- 0 V ^|MP^ ^ ^ 0i^S& Sady Ncms Serving The Top 0' Texas 66 Years WEATHER Forty per cent chance of rain in isolated afternoon and nighttime thundershowers through Tuesday. Continued warm. High in upper 80s, low in mid-60s. Southerly winds 8-18 mph. Yesterday's high, 84. Today'slow, 61. VOL.66-N0.57 Circulation Certified by ABC Audit THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS MONDAY, JUNE 12, 1972 (12 PagcsToday) Wee Senate Debating n« i? • A»J T»«II Stymied Un I Oreign Aid Bill Information WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate begins debate today on a $1.7 billion foreign military aid bill cutting off funds for U.S. troops in Vietnam after Aug. 31. Prolonged deliberation is anticipated. A similar end-the- war issue, ultimately withdrawn, delayed Senate passage of the State Department authorization bill for a month earlier this year. The end-the-war amendment, initiated in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee by Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, D- Mont., would require unconditional withdrawal of ground troops from Vietnam Aug. 31 and conditional termination of all U.S. air and naval operations in and over all of Indochina. Funds to support U.S. participation in Indochina hostilities would be prohibited upon reaching a cease-fire agree- Area Demos Attending Conventions Eleven area Democratic leaders are in San Antonio to, help transact the business of the first of two state Democratic conventions. Attending are Katie Windsor, Jim Casey, Jimmy Thompson, Jim Osborne, Joel Coombs, Troyce Wall, S. Jake Hess, Ruth Osborne, Phil Gates, Fred Vanderburg Jr. and John Gikas. Gikas went as an alternate replace Gray County Democratic Chairman Harold Comer. The state Democratic party holds two conventions each presidential election year. The purpose of this June conclave is to elect delegates to the national convention to select a national committeeman and woman. Delegates will also name presidential electors. The meeting set for Sept. 19 at Houston is called the "regular" state convention. One of the purposes of this body will be to elect a chairman, vice chairman and secretary for the state Democratic executive 'committee and to select 62 members of that panel from representative districts. This body will also adopt a platform aimed at embodying the basic principals of the national Democratic party. McGovern Begins NY Campaign NEW YORK (AP) - Sen. George McGovern, continuing to close in on the Democratic presidential nomination, today opens his final push for the year's final primary: New York's delegate-rich contest which he is expected win big. The South Dakota senator and his traveling entourage of aides and newsmen today planned a trip to New York by chartered jet and a visit to three of the city's five boroughs. Included in the itinerary was a tour of Harlem Hospital, accompanied by the widow of slain civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The final week of campaigning here follows McGovern's one-day trip Sunday to South Dakota to view the destruction caused by heavy rains and flooding in Rapid City, S.D. He called it "a scene of incredible destruction and desolation." McGovern plans to spend six of the remaining eight days before the June 20 primary in New York State. Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, the only other major still-active candidate for the nomination, did not enter the New York contest. McGovern has delegate slates entered in all but two of the state's 39 congressional districts. He is generally expected to emerge from the Empire State's contest with over 200 of the 278 delegates at stake and travel to Miami Beach with about 1,300 first-ballot votes, it takes 1.509 to win the nomination. McGovern's trip to South Dakota followed what was described as the worst disaster in that state's history. ment between the United States and the North Vietnamese, release of U.S. war prisoners, and an accounting by North Vietnam for Americans missing inaction. Sen. John C. Stennis, D-Miss., chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, is expected to lead opposition to the Mansfield amendment, as he did last month to the end-the- war rider to the State Department bill. Stennis told the Senate a month ago that with the North Vietnamese engaged in a powerful new offensive "it is time to buckle down and stand firm.'' "The American people want an end to the war," he said, "but they don't want to be driven out." The bill would authorize $1.65 billion for foreign security assistance, a cut from administration requests totaling $2.151 billion. The Foreign Relations Committee reduced administration requests for military assistance grants from $780 million to $600 million, foreign military credit sales from $527 million to $400 million, and security supporting assistance from $844 million to $650 million. The bill would set a $250 million limit on U.S. expenditures in or on behalf of Cambodia, and require specific authorization of Congress for financing of foreign forces of operating in Laos. Thailand or North Vietnam. Nuclear Tests Abandonment Asked By UN STOCKHOLM (AP) - With France as its target, a big majority in a committee of the U.N. Conference onYhe Human Environment approved a resolution today calling for abandonment of all nuclear tests. China, which blasted the United States Saturday for the damage its military forces have done to the ecology of Vietnam, voted with the French against the resolution. The Chinese delegate said his government's nuclear armament program was purely defensive. France, which plans nuclear tests in the South Pacific this month, said it was in no way bound by the resolution. The United States and Britain abstained on the vote, which was 48-2. with 14 abstentions. The resolution condemns nuclear weapons tests, especially those carried out in the atmosphere, and calls on all nations "intending to carry out nuclear weapons tests to abandon their plans to carry out such tests as they may lead to further contamination of the atmosphere." New Zealand, the cosponsor of the resolution, said radiation fallout was a pollution of the environment and therefore "this conference must call for a stop." A moratorium has been declared in flood-ravaged Rapid City, S.D., on requests for information about the welfare of individuals or families, according to the Gray County Red Cross office. This was necessary due to overloading of communications lines, according to a wire received by the local Red Cross chapter from national headquarters. The wire answers, in part at least, the many inquiries that have come to the local office in that it outlines the bounds of the damage that has left a confirmed 155 dead and 550 missing. The disaster struck first at the southwestern sector of the city moving rapidly to the east central area. South Street is the western boundary. The north boundary goes from South St. to Jackson Blvd. in the neighborhood of Dinosaur Park and along Skyline Drive. Heaviest property damage ranges from Jackson Blvd. to Chicago Street. It extends as far south as Clark Street then east to the fairgrounds. There is also heavy damage around Surgis and Keystone Streets. There are no casualty lists available at present. When they are made up, Red Cross will try to establish a center for welfare inquiries. Until that time, Mrs. Libby Shotwell of the local offices advises area families with relatives at Rapid City to contact local ham radio operators. Nothing can be gained at present by calling the local Red Cross office, she said. When the office has information it will be released immediately through the local news media, Mrs. Shotwell added. Towns To Be Invited To Join Local Pageant Towns in the Pampa trading area will be invited to enter contestants in the annual Top 0' Texas Beauty Pageant set for Aug. 12 in the M.K. Brown Auditorium here. Members of the Pageant Steering Committee were to meet at 3 p.m. today to workout details, rules and regulations. At today's meeting were J.C. Roberts and Ken Plotner, co-chairmen of the Chamber of Commerce Retail Trade Committee; E.G. Wedgeworth, chamber manager, and Doug Coon who has again been named director of the pageant. Plans call for dropping the style show which has been conducted along with the pageant in past years. The decision was reached because of the length of the double-bill event. This year's show will be strictly a beauty pageant. Surrounding towns will be invited to name a beauty contestant to compete with Pampa entries. Ousted General Testifies In House On 'Strike Order' WASHINGTON (AP)-A retired Air Force general fired as a top commander in Vietnam last spring confirmed to congressmen today that he "chose to make a very liberal interpretation" of the rules and ordered strikes on North Vietnamese targets. Retired Lt. Gen. John D. Lavelle told a House Armed Services investigating subcommittee he ordered the then unauthorized air strikes because of the heavy North Vietnamese buildup preceding its attack on South Vietnam April 1. "With this air defense buildup," Lavelle said, "increased aggressiveness of the North Vietnamese and the large number of North Vietnam regular army units that had infiltrated south or moved into position to move across the demilitarized zone, I chose to make a very liberal interpretation of these rules of engagement." He referred to rules of engagement that at that time prohibited U.S. air strikes into North Vietnam in line with the 1968 bombing halt except for "protective reaction" retaliatory strikes. Lavelle referred to the air strikes he ordered as isolated instances. As commander of the 7th Air Force he was in charge of all tactical air operations in Vietnam, including protective reaction strikes against the North from bases in South Vietnam and Thailand. Lavelle was personally relieved of command in March by Gen. John D. Ryan for what Ryan later called "irregularities in the conduct of his command responsibilities" and Lavelle said he could see Ryan's viewpoint that "1 had exceeded my authority. Ryan, in a brief statement to the subcommittee, said he relieved the general of command simply because "General Lavelle admitted to me that he had executed a small number of such strikes to attack military targets, reported as protective reaction." Ryan said he offered Lavelle the option of retirement or a new assignment and Lavelle chose retirement. Rep. Otis G. Pike, D-N.Y., told the House last month he believes Lavelle was dismissed for permitting unauthorized bombing attacks in North Vietnam prior to President Nixon's decision to resume large scale bombing of the north in April. Flood Toll Reaches 208; 3,000 Rendered Homeless READY FOR CAMP-Pampa and area Girl Scouts were ready early to board the buses for Day Camp, which began today at the Red Seitz Ranch, near Miami. Equipped with a sunhat, "sit-upon," and sack lunch, more than 100 girls left at8:30a.m. with their leaders for a day in the out-of-doors, slated to return at 4 p.m. Mrs. Walter Hill is camp director, assisted by Mrs. Willie Cook as program director and Mrs. Leo Rhoten as camp nurse. The camp program, in addition to the learning and practice of outdoor skills, will include work toward the Indian Lore, Drawing and Painting, Dabbler and Toymaker badges. This session will end Friday. (Staff Photo by John Ebling) Three Presidential Contenders Seeking Texas Demo Delegates SAN ANTONIO. Tex. (APl- A three-way fight for delegates to the National Democratic Convention resumed today as a credentials committee heard challenges against delegations to the party's state convention. The temporary committee heard less than half the challenges from 45 counties Sunday in a 4'z hour meeting that aired disputes between supporters of presidential hopefuls Hubert Humphrey, George McGovern and George Wallace. Humphrey, who dashed across Texas last month in a bid for support, was expected to attend a VIP reception tonight on the eve of Tuesday's convention. Representatives of McGovern and Wallace also were to make appearances today to seek their share of the 130 delegates and 90 alternates who will be selected for the July 10 national convention at Miami Beach. Humphrey will be trying to woo the Texas delegations uncommitted delegates, including Dolph Briscoe, the Democratic nominee for governor. Briscoe told newsmen Sunday he still plans to go uncommitted to Miami, although he said he had previously made clear that he does not support McGovern. The Uvalde rancher wouldn't speculate on the Texas delegation's presidential preference. But, Agriculture Commissioner John White, a Humphrey backer, said about 1,000 of the nearly 4,000 delegates to the state convention are committed to Wallace; 750 to 775 for McGovern; 500 for Humphrey, and 1,350 to 1,400 uncommitted. Hall Timanus, state campaign manager for Wallace, said Sunday that Wallace supporters expect to claim at least 30 per cent of the Texas delegation to the national convention. New party rules on proportionate representation kept the credentials committee busy Sunday as it heard challenges that generally centered on presidential preference, sex and minority representation. Committee officials noted several challenges grew out of decisions to choose at-large delegates to the state convention without regard to such matters as presidential preference, although the rules specifically say the entire delegation must reflect this as well as a proportionate number of women, young people and minorities. A crowd of at least 300 jammed a hotel meeting room for the hearing. At one point, a committee member had to use his briefcase for a chair. Many young people were in the crowd, including a long-haired woman brandishing a big cigar. Credentials committee officials said Sunday's hearing was harmonious because all factions agreed beforehand that the entire delegation should be balanced on the basis of straw polls on presidential nominees. Some of the protests revolved around this very issue, including one from Senatorial District 11. Harris County (Houston), where a challenger said 30 at large delegates were selected without regard to presidential preference. Also challenged in that district was the percentage of women delegates. One challenger. Helen Cassidy, declared that the problem runs throughout the list of state convention delegates. Women make up only 26 per cent of the entire convention, she said, adding that 64 counties' delegations have no women at all. "If this trend continues, we'll have only 17 per cent at the national convention." she said. Several rump delegations were heard, ranging from Dallas to Tyler to Beaumont. In Senatorial District 9, Dallas County, the original convention claimed this breakdown among delegates to the state convention: Wallace 41. McGovern 3, Humphrey 0 and uncommitted 17. The rump convention claimed these totals: Wallace 35. McGovern 8. Humphrey 4 and uncommitted 14. A rump delegation from Smith County (Tyler) in East Texas protested over the regular delegations support for Wallace. Jets Strike Red Railroad Line To China, Down 2 More MIGs SAIGON (API-U.S. jets left a 10-mile stretch of North Vietnam's northeast rail line to China and about 60 stranded freight cars in flames Sunday and shot down two more MIG jets, the U.S. Command announced today. Large orange fireballs lit up the skies 25 miles south of the Chinese border after about 20 Air Force F4 Phantoms attacked the rail line and a string of freight cars 50 to 60 miles northeast of Hanoi, pilots reported. Two Navy Phantoms from the carrier Coral Sea engaged a President Nixon Invites Hirohito To Visit U.S. TOKYO (API - President Nixon has invited Kmperor Hirohito to visit the United States, presidential adviser Henry A. Kissinger announced today as his weekend visit to mend relations between the Nixon administration and Japan drew to a close. Kissinger told a news conference he delivered the invitation to Prime Minister Kisaku Sato Saturday. Sato said "an appropriate time would be worked out through normal diplomatic channels" for the visit. No Japanese emperor has ever paid an official visit to the United States. However, Hirohito made a brief stop in Alaska last October when he visited Europe, and President Nixon flew to Anchorage to greet him. Foreign Minister Takeo Fukuda reported Kissinger admitted that Washington made mistakes in its dealings with Japan last year and promised to spare the Japanese any more "Nixon shocks." Inside Today's News Pages Abby 5 Classified 11 Comics 8 Crossword 10 Editorial 10 On the Record 2 Sports 9 Women's News 5 The "Nixon shocks." as the Japanese call them, were the President's failure to consult Sato before reversing his China policy and announcing he would visit Communist China, and the imposition without warning of the 10 per cent surcharge on imports, a measure designed primarily to reduce imports from Japan. Fukuda said Kissinger, after admitting his government should have worked more closely with the Japanese, promised that Washington would consult Tokyo in advance on future moves toward China and on economic measures affecting Japan. Kissinger was said to have shown keen interest in a proposal for a bilateral agreement to anticipate future sources of friction in US.-Japanese economic relations In three days of meetings with opposition as well as government politicians, industrialists and editors, Kissinger called the U.S.-Japan security treaty the keystone to peace in Asia and said the United States would like to see it maintained without, revision Kissinger told his windup news conference that the United States does not expect Japan to become involved in the defense of the rest of Asia, but it can play an important international economic role pair of MIG17 interceptors 26 miles south of Hanoi and brought them down with missiles, the U.S. Command said. There was no damage to the two Phantoms, the command said, but a Navy A6 was lost on Sunday 45 miles south of Hanoi and the two crewmen were reported missing. The command said 37 MIGs have been downed this year and 148 Have been brought down since June 17,1965. Military spokesmen said the action was the start of a concerted effort to destroy an estimated 600 railroad cars stranded on North Vietnam's two rail lines to China by cuts in the linesdue to American bombing. Many of the cars are reported loaded with war materials from China, and the explosions and fires Sunday indicated they contained ammunition and fuel. The U.S. Command also reported that Air Force Phantoms made the first attack of the war on a hydroelectric power—and North Vietnam's largest power plant—on Saturday Pilots said their 2,000-pound laser bombs did heavy damage to the Lang Chi plant 63 miles northwest of Hanoi. Hundreds of other raids were carried out across North Vietnam during the weekend, and before dawn today U.S. B52 bombers attacked supply dumps north of the demilitarized zone for the fifth successive day. Rodeo And Horse Show Reports Due Directors of the Top 0' Texas Rodeo Association will meet in the Chamber of Commerce conference room at 8 p.rn Tuesday to hear committee reports on the upcoming RCA rodeo Aug 2-5 Plans also will be finalized for the Top 0' Texas Quarter Horse Show at Recreation Park Sunday, June 25. Officials Say More Bodies Will Be Found RAPID CITY, S.D. (AP) The death toll in the nation's worst flood disaster in 44 years has reached 208, and officials fear many more bodies will be found outside Rapid City in the streams that filter from the nearby Black Hills. Civil Defense officials estimated the missing at 500, and said today that it was impossible to estimate the number of injured. At least 3,000 persons were left homeless, and damage was estimated at more than $100 million. Maj. Gen. Duane L. "Duke" Corning, commanding 2,500 National Guardsmen in Rapid City, said about 1,000 men worked into the night "turning over any debris that might hide a body." Mayor Donald Barnett imposed a 10 p.m. to dawn curfew on the city of 43,000. He halted night search operations by the more than 3.000 civilian volunteers, and said the rescue teams accomplished as much during daylight hours as they did working around the clock. The volunteers and guardsmen have been at work since daylight Saturday, hours after a wave crashed through an earthen dam at rain-swollen Canyon Lake on the western edge of Rapid City. The water smashed through the city, flipping cars, crushing trees and lifting homes off their foundations and slamming them into a heap of splinters blocks away. Sen. George McGovern and Gov. Richard Kneip visited the devastated area Sunday. McGovern called it "incredible destruction," and said he would ask Congress to provide extraordinary relief for his home state if deemed necessary. Hundreds of persons were in- noculated for typhoid and tetanus at the Rapid City High School and the Pennington. County Health Department. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare stockpiled 10,000 doses of the innoculations. Rapid City has been without water since the floods struck, and officials said it will be late tonight before drinkable water is available through city facilities. Drinking water was delivered by nearby Ellsworth Air Force Base and passed out in pots, cans and kettles at designated locations. The water cutoff made plumbing facilities inoperable. The natural gas supply also was cut off but telephone service was restored. The Office of Emergency Preparedness, Small Business Administration, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Economic Opportunity and federal housing agencies sent disaster teams to Rapid City on Sunday to begin assisting the victims. The disaster was the worst ever in South Dakota. A winter bteard in 188K killed more than 100 persons. The worst flood in U S. history was in Johnstown, Pa., in 1889 when 2,200 were killed. In 1938, floods spawned by hurricanes claimed 1.836 lives in southern Florida. David Heraty, 17, said a brother and a friend came home Friday night and warned a flood was coming. He gave this account of what happened: "We thought he was kidding We just sat there, and pretty soon this big bunch of water came down the creek Wx> ran next door and the next thing 1 knew it was up to my neck "Pretty soon the top of a house came floating by and we grabbed onto that A little ways downstream we got off and climbed on to the roof of a neighbor's house, where we stayed all night." The rescue operations concentrated on areas stretching two blocks from both sides of Rapid Creek Along Jackson Boulevard, a section of comfortable ranch homes, the wall of water literally crushed houses.