The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on July 23, 1969 · Page 5
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July 23, 1969

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 5

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Des Moines, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 23, 1969
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Franco Groomed Carlos From Age 10 to Rule Spain By Richard Mowrer (Special Dispatch to The Register) M ADRID, SPAIN - Juan Carlos de Borbon y Borbon, Gen. Francisco Franco's choice to be king of Spain when the Aging Caudillo leaves the scene, has been groomed for the job since he was 10 years old. In August, 1948, Spain's dictator and the prince's father, the exiled Pretender Don Juan, met face to face for the first time to IN THE NEWS discuss an educational program to prepare Juan Carlos "for his future responsibilities." The year before Franco had declared Spain a kingdom, though without a king. The Generalissimo's yacht Azor and Don Juan's yacht Saltillo met at sea off the northwest coast of Spain. After a three-hour talk aboard the Caudillo's larger vessel it was settled that in the autumn the young-J> r toce -Would begin._ a new phase of his education — in. the homeland of his forebears. Closer Touch MONARCHISTS SPLIT 3 WAYS SPAIN- Continued from Page One ould put the succession into ffect. The generalissimo, who has rated Spain since his victory In the Spanish civil war in 1931, squashed rumors that he might resign. He told the Cortes he planned o keep Juan Carlos, by his side 'to perfect his knowledge of lational problems." The prince las been groomed by the government since childhood to sit on the Spanish throne. Juan Carlos de Borbon Groomed Since Childhood Born in Rome on Jan. 5, 1938, while civil war ravaged his homeland, Juan Carlos had moved with his family from Italy to Switzerland, then to Estoril, Portugal. Don Juan, claimant to the Spanish throne vacated by his father .Alfonso XIII in 1931, wanted thus to' be in closer touch with his supporters in Spain. On Nov. 9, 1948, the blond 10- year-old boy set foot on Spanish soil for the first time. His first act after being^greeted at Madrid's Delicias railroad station was to go to the Hill of the Angels outside the capital which is the geographical center of Spain, to hear a mass at the foot of the towering monument of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. For a time Juan Carlos and his younger brother Alfonso lived in the vicinity of Madrid but fawning artisto- crate flocking to pay their respects became a nuisance, and the boys were moved to San Sebastian. Six years later Franco and Don Juan met again to discuss the next phase of Juan Carlos' education. The following program was agreed on: —A year of intensive private tutoring under the supervision of Gen. Martinez Campos, Duque de la Torre, a man enjoying the confidence and respect of both Franco and the Pretender. —Military schooling in the army, navy and air force compressed into three years, to be followed by two years of university education. When Juan Carlos arrived in Madrid aboard the Lusitania Express the morning of Jan. 18, 1955, supporters of the monarchy made a big thing of it. A Spanish Grandee, the Duke of Alcubierre whose lifelong hobby was to drive locomotives, was at the throttle when the train from Lisbon puffed into Madrid's terminal. Crowds cheered the prince while the blueblood engineer leaned happily out of the cab. A Young Man of Unaffected Charm Francisco Franco Strong for His Years pose him to the nation as my successor." Showed Emotion Rumors of Franco's retirement had little to feed on except the emotion he encountered when he told the Cabinet of his plans Monday night. Information Minister Manuel Fraga Iribarne reported the Cabinet members showed more emotion than at any previous meeting. The general's health has frequently been th* subject of rumors, but in his appearance before the Cortes he appeared to be a man strong for his years. Spanish monarchists were JkLnlic O< lona, father of Prinrr ,)uan and son of Alfonso. Franco ruled out Don Juan years ago. and the t\»o quarreled. Don Junn. 5fi. bitterly criticized Frnnco when it bo- ramc apparent his son would be chosen. He said the 19-17 Act of Succession, which gave the Spanish civil war victor the right nominate the next king. Dos Moines Register Wed., July 23, 1969 Firemen Picket In Springfield SPRINGF1KL1). M(). (AP) •Picketing by members of (he Firefighters Local 152 AFL-CK) \v MS s ( a i' I e (I Tuesday at to Springfield City Mall, was Springfield firemen have 'contrary to (he historic tradi-.staged a work slowdown for lions of the Spanish people." several weeks over demands lie sovereign, and married ln\ t»n Juan left on his yacht for hourly w.^es to be raised Greek Princess Sonhh earlier Tll( ' S(l "- v frnln p ° rl "K al - lo thl ' ll ' vrl "' (:lty pol "' e - F u ' y oreeK f rmccss bopnui. \ whm ^ hjw ljved jn voU|ntary ,, ., v ,. ,„.,.„ : , nsW mnK fire A passionately dedicated pxj | e sjnc( , , 0 ., 6 M(> v \. tm ^ a ;i i;irms but were not per- group of Carlists supported the -Mediterreanean cruise. forming routine station house- pretensions of Prince Carlos Franco, the greatest mon- keeping or training. Kase pay Hugo de Rorbon-Parma, a.archist of them all in his ha- for slart'injj patrolmen is now split three ways as the day (red of a republic which be de-• Vino a month. Firemen receive feated in 19M to assume power, aboul live per cent less. He is the grandson of King . . ... . . . . c in ovp I dawned when a king of Spain barrcd for lift> by th(> Fninc " never seemed to get alon« with Dumb! Clas-ill. president of fonso XIII. who fled Soain i^mmed with legislators in eve-1^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ g over nment from returning to | )OI1 J t ,an. Hut in 1!M8 they the local, said the lin-figblers were asking all union labor to 11,1,1.) Prince .Juan Carlos a ward ot reeoi;ni/e the picketlines and Alfonso XIII, who fled Spain when the Republicans took over ' "ing clothes. in 1931, and died 10 years later. The general spoke at length time.since Alfonso XIII fled the French citi/en who has heei Spanish soil. Dressed in the sparkling > of what he said were the vir- white summer unform of a cap- tues of the prince, grandson of tain general of the Spanish Spain's last king, and said: Republicans in 1931. Most support Prince Juan, a tall handsome blond, groomed ; dynastic succession, backed Don again became a monarchy Monarchists who believe in the Spanish government. Under Franco, Spain army, Franco spoke to a Cortes I "And so I have decided to pro- since he was 10 to be a-?Catho-i.)uan. 56, Count of Barce-ibut without a king. not do business with the city. Claspill .said that laborers al-- ready had been laken off one construction job at cily hall. has other ideas about who is to be Spain's next king. The gen eralissimo, now 76, wants king and chief of state who wil agree to perpetuate the regim he has created. Franco Accord Don Juan, now 56, has neve shown enthusiasm for today' authoritarian state and, it i generally assumed, he coul not be relied on to giv Franco's regime continuity. For a long time Don Juan refused to give up his succession rights, and Juan Carlos backed him. up. Some years ago the prince declared: "I shall never go against the wishes of my father." For his part Don Juan declared: "There will never be any question of my stepping aside or abdicating in favor of my son." Last year he stated: 'Prince Juan Carlos is no more than an intermediary between the crown and the regime. He is not'a claimant to the throne." But in January this year Juan Carlos revealed that he would no longer defer to his father on the succession issue. In a widely publicized interview he said that the "political situation" in Spain — meaning the Franco regime — made a restoration of the monarchy possible. Therefore, he went on, "a certain flexibility was justified" if this would help restore the monarchy in Spain. He was prepared, he said, to respect the laws and institutions of Spain, meaning the Spain of Franco. This political bombshell opened the way to Franco's long-awaited spectacular: The designation of Juan Carlos as his eventual successor. Don Juan countered his son's statements by making public a letter to Juan Carlos in which he warned would be a that the prince 'tarnished king" if TANDSOME, and Jtl 6-ft.-3, Juan Carlos at 31 is a young man of unaffected charm, reserved in manner, conscientious. By contrast with his grandfather, Alfonso XIII, he is of even temper. When a small boy Alfonso XIII was occasionally punished for misbehavior by being locked in his room. One time, to get even with the royal grownups, the future king of Spain flung open the window of his "prison" and shouted into the courtyard: "Viva la repub- lica!" Four years later, aged 16, Alfonso mounted the throne but 29 years after that "la repub- lica" drove him into exile. Fast Driver Juan Carlos is an excellent horseman, ranked second while attending the military academy he accepted the throne over his father's head. Since then there have been 'reports, yet to be confirmed that for the sake of getting the Borbon dynasty back on the throne the Pretender is resigned to accepting Franco's choice. In 1962 Juan Carlos married Princess Sophia of Greece. Last year there was.great joy in the family when, after two daughters, a son — and heir — was born: Don Felipe de Borbon y Schleswig de Borbon y Holstein. He one- at Zaragoza. He likes cars. drives beautifully," his time tutor Gen. Martinez Campos told this writer. "But," the general added after a slight pause, "a little top fast." Perhaps, the general was thinking of Juan Carlos' uncles: Gonzalo, who died in an auto crash in Austria in 1934, and Alfonso, who in 1938 bled to Bill to Ban DDT In California SACRAMENTO, CALIF. (AP)j - A bill to outlaw DDT within two and a half years won unanimous approval in the California Senate Tuesday. The measure by Senator John Nejedly was sent to the Assembly on a 29-0 vote. Its fate in the Assembly was uncertain. It calls for the state to ban the use of DDT after 1971 unless the agriculture director rules there is "a substantial need" for it and "no other appropriate pesticide is available." The bill also gives the director the power to regulate other "environmentally harmful" pesticides. "This is significant not only to California but to the world," said Nejedly of his death from hemophilia following a minor car accident in the United States. Juan Carlos abhors exaggerated and misplaced deference. At • social function someone addressed bim as "your majesty." The prince raised big eyebrows and said: "I didn't know Father was here." "Father" is not the king of Spain, of course, but Spanish monarchists nevertheless address the Pretender as "your majesty." In their eyes he is, by right of royal succession, next in line for the throne left by his father Alfonso XIII. But it's been an op/en secret for many year* that Franco bill's approval. KOREAN JET CRASHES SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA (REUTERS) - A pilot and eight villagers were tolled Tuesday when a South Korean Air Force F-86 jet fighter plane crashed into the village of Suwon. nDVERTlSEMJNT Mar* Security Wi«i FALSETEETH At Any Time Don't bfl so afraid that your false teeth will come loose or drop Just at the wrong time- For more security and more comfort. Just sprinkle a little FASTEETH on your plates. FASTEETH holds both uppers and lower* firmer longer. Makes eatUig •iaier FABTMTB U alkaline. No gummy, pasty twUl Denture* that It axe (Mential to health. Seeyour dentut regularly. Get FA6TEBTH. What happens to America's oil industry is not your problem? You're right you don't drive a car, don't heat your home, dont have a job or a family, and don't plan to live here anymore. America runs on oil./Oil and gas supply 15% of our energy and the ingredients for thousands of luxuries and necessities. Petroleum products power our cars and planes and trains, heat our homes, run our industry, provide most of the energy for our armed forces. More than 40,000 companies employing 1.3 million Americans see to it that the flow of oil to every corner of our country never stops. Meeting our energy needs is a big job and it gets bigger all the time. We use 550 million gallons of oil a day. And we'll need a billion by the year 2000. But drastic changes are being proposed which could greatly weaken the oil industry's ability to serve you. These proposals, no doubt sincerely made, are based on several misconceptions: that prices and profits are too high; that oil taxes are too low; that the flow of foreign oil into the country could be greatly increased without harmful results and that the oil industry isn't concerned with air and water pollution. Here are the facts: 1. Oil products are reasonably priced. Retail gasoline prices, before tax, are up only 12% sines 1957-59, while the average price of all consumer goods is up 2~l r /r. The reason gasoline prices look higher at the pump is because taxes have jumped 2 1 /'. 2. Oil company profits are below average. Oil's return on investment during the last ten years averaged 11 .5% as compared with 12.1 ',o for all other manufacturing companies. Reasonable profit levels are absolutely vital if the oil industry is to raise the tremendous capital needed to meet America's soaring energy needs. 3. The oil industry pays its fair share of taxes. In recent years, the oil industry has paid a higher share of its gross revenue in direct taxes (federal, state and local) than the average for other industries. And this doesn't include taxes collected from consumers, which adds up to a far bigger dollar amount than is generated by any other industry. 4. By importing only reasonable amounts of foreign oil, we keep our nation secure. Bring in an over-supply of imported oil, and many of the small domestic wells would be forced to shut down. Soon (by the early 70's according to the Department of the Interior) America would bo depending on foreign sources for about half its petroleum. In any emergency, America's security of supply would be at the mercy of other countries and then it would be too late to revive our domestic industry and turn the supply back on. 5. Oil companies are deeply concerned with air and water conservation. The Department of Commerce reports: "The petroleum industry leads all others in expenditures for air and water conservation activity." The oil industry has spent more than $1 billion in the past three years, or more than $ 1 million a day, to help reduce air and water pollution. We hope you will think about these things and that you will think, too, about how it could be... America without a healthy oil industry. America runs on oil... our business is your business PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION COMMITTEE

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