The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas on April 22, 1986 · Page 4
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The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas · Page 4

Baytown, Texas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, April 22, 1986
Page 4
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» «-A THE BAYTOWN SUN Tuesday, April 22, 19«6 ^EDITORIAL Views differ in f » Western Europe It is not only because of geography that Western : Europe's views differ with those of the United States on ; how best to combat terrorism. ; The European attitude, to some extent, is motivated by concern, possibly greed, that current trade arrangements could be affected. For example, Italy and West Germany are Libya's largest trading partners, and it remains the principal supplier of crude oil for both countries. ; Primarily because of lucrative trade between : Western Europe and Middle East nations, economic sanctions resistance strongly manifests itself throughout Europe. The U.S. government has never been successful in persuading Western European countries to join in economic boycotts of renegade nations like Libya. It is true that Europe is more vulnerable to terrorist attacks than the U.S., simply because of the continent's proximity to the Middle East. It is more difficult for European governments to prevent terrorist infiltration. Once inside Europe, terrorists are virtually unrestrained in their movements. European Economic Community members no longer conduct thorough border checks and searches. Western European leaders argue the U.S. is not as vulnerable to terrorist activities because the nation is insulated by distance, whereas would-be terrorists have no trouble reaching European targets. Also, the U.S. has only recently confronted terrorism head-on, while Europeans have had to deal with the phenomenon for years, or so European leaders insist. Even if we accept or admit all these allegations, there would still be no reason for America's allies to act like cowed schoolboys when the campus bully comes down the sidewalk. Jock Anderson Libyan terrorism old story WASHINGTON - A series of State Department cables disclose the far-ranging, Libyan- sponsored acts of terrorism and subversion that aroused the Reagan administration's ire against Libyan troublemaker Muammar Khadafy. The cables covered five years of incidents, from the Italian island of Sardinia to the deserts of Sudan — each one chronicled in detail by American Embassy officials in the countries targeted by Khadafy and his assassins. A 1981 report by the State Department's intelligence and research bureau, which had been classified Secret, attempted to sum up what was then known about Khadafy and to share this information with U.S. embassies. "Libya has been an active supporter of international terrorism since at least 1972," the intelligence analysis noted, citing evidence that Khadafy had "targeted several world leaders" and carried out assassinations of Libyan exiles and dissidents in Europe and the Middle East. "Khadafy's current focus is on subversion of neighboring North African states," the report warned. It specified that Sudan. Niger, Mali and Chad "have been among his targets." The intelligence experts estimated that Khadafy had spent "hundreds of millions in support of international terrorism since the early 1970s." Among the disruptive actions Khadafy's oil millions financed were "operational assistance" to subversive militants, provision of safe houses and weapons. UfceFUt I WOTS WHO b* Tiseo: From Sun files 66': 'South Pacific' staged at LC From the Baytown Sun files, this is the way it was: 50 YEARS AGO A full rehearsa! for "A Century of Music in Texas" is set for 2.000 pupils at Elms Field, announces the director Virginia Knox. Costumes are being designed by Carolyn Stripling. Horace Mann teacher. Returning from a bluebonnet tour of the Navasota area are Mrs. F.M. Busch and daughter Alma Jack. Mrs. J.B. Wooldridge and daughter Mittie Lou. Mrs. Fred Tillery. Mrs. O.K. Barber. Mr. and Mrs. J.R. Barber. Mrs. Don McLeod. Mrs. P. Bowdoin. Theresa Mosely and Minnie Bob McLeod. Robert Strickland and W.L. Pendergraft will represent the Goose Creek Rotary Club at a district meeting in Kerrville. Alternate delegates are Carl McKinney and Harry Snider. Bennie Guynes presents her piano students in a recital at the Community House. Bob Paulsen and his Crooning Cowboys play at the Seven Seas Inn in Pelly for a week. They played for President Franklin D. Roosevelt last summer at the White House. 40 YEARS AGO The annual Cub Scout Rally will be held at the Humble Ball Park, announces J. E. Blackburn, field executive. A. C. Kraft heads a Tri-Cities Chamber of Commerce committee to plan a membership barbecue at the Community House. 30 YEARS AGO Wanda Wilborn is valedictorian at Barbers Hill High School and Kenneth Flowers is salutatorian. Mrs. George Meason is elected president of the Baytown Junior High Parents Council. Mrs. J.D. Harmon is vice president; Mrs. E.H. Dommert, secretary; Mrs. H. O. Sappington, treasurer; Mr. and Mrs. John Sylvester. Gosl- Inn chairmen. 20 YEARS AGO Students starring in "South Pacific" at Lee College are pictured on the front page. They are Kenny Fullen, Diane Morton. Rodney Calk and Terry Ryals. Mrs. V.C. Howell, Mrs. George Edwards and Mrs. S.J. Scott, all of the Parent-Teacher Association, assist in registration for a pre-school clinic to be held by the school district. Today in history the use of Libyan embassies "as support bases for terrorist operations," and the sharing of intelligence. Interestingly, the 1981 report noted that Libya also "provided false documentation for a variety of terrorists" — exactly what it was accused of doing for the terrorists who attacked the Rome and Vienna airports last December. Reports from U.S. embassies in the next few years confirmed the 1981 intelligence warning. Here are some highlights of these cabled reports, which were obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by our associate LucetteLagnado: — In July 1982, the Madrid embassy learned of a Libyan plot to assassinate Saudi Arabia's King Fahd. "The group which would carry out the murder had access, through a U.S. agency intimately connected with the CIA. to the Saudi royal family's security measures," the embassy cabled. — In March 1984, the embassy in Amman, Jordan, reported on a plot to destroy the Jordanian embassy in Libya. The cable said the Jordanian prime minister had provided details about the planned attack. — In December 1982, the embassy in Rome reported a Libyan plot to help "separate Sardinia from Haly." Fifteen Sardinians had been arrested in the conspiracy. An Italian political party was implicated, as was " a Libyan by the name of Geri Meh- ed Tabet. currently at large, with whom the separatists apparently had contact in October Leon Brown Editor and Publisher Fred Hornberger Assistant to Publisher Fred Hortmon Editor and Publisher, 1950-1974 EMTOtlAL Mf ARTMENT Wanda Ortoo Managing Editor Joan McAnoll News Editor ADVEtTOING DCrMTMINT Bill Cornwell Advertising Director CMtCUUTMN Gory Dobbs Circulation Manager The Boyiown Sun (USPS 0*6-IK) if entered o> second clots matter at the Baytown, Texas Post Office 77522 under Itie Act of Congou of March 3, 1879. Published afternoons, Monday through Friday and Sundays at 1301 Memorial Drive in Buy town. Tool 77520 Suggested Subscription Rates: By carrier. $5 25 per month. 163.00 per year; single copy V'<o», 25 cents Dairy, 50 cents Sunday. Moil rotes on request. Represented notionoOy by Coottol Pubticotionv POSTMASTER: Send oddreu changes to THE BAYTOWN SON, P.O. Bo» 90, Boyiown, T». 77522. The Associated P»e»» l» entitled e»clu»iv»lY to the us« for TepubHcotion to any news «»poichet credited to H or not otherwise credited in fhH poper and local news of spontaneous origin published herein. Rights of repubflcotion of all other matter herein ore otto reserved The Boytown Sun retains nationally known syndicates whoee writers' bytined starlet ore ueed throughout the newspaper. There are time* when these articles do not reflect The Sun's urmnuci Only signed letter* will be considered for publication. Names will be wtthhetd upon requett for good and sufficient reason Pleas* keep letters short. The Sun reserves the right to excerpt letters. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Tuesday, April 22, the 112th day of 1986. There are 253 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On April 22, 1864, Congress authorized the use of the phrase "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins. On this date: In 1509, Henry VIII ascended to the throne of England after the death of his father, Henry VII. In 1870, Russian revolutionary Vladimir I. Lenin was born. In 1898, the first shot of the Spanish-American War rang out when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship off Key West, Fla. Bible verse For the Son of Man is come to seek and to save that which was lost. Luke 19:10 1981." The Libyan government was to supply money for the breakaway militants, who planned "to undertake a number of ambitious acts of sabotage at airports and a NATO military base . . . (and) to kidnap an American military officer." — In June 1984, a Libyan airline employee gunned down a Libyan-born shop-owner in downtown Athens. The victim, who survived, was the publisher of an anti-Khadafy paper. Three other Libyans in Greece were killed the following month. — In July 1984, the embassy in Khartoum, Sudan, reported a plot by Libyan-backed terrorists to assassinate then-President Gaafar Nimeiry and blow up the American Embassy and other targets. The plo'tters were caught and confessed that their Sudanese revolutionary movement was led by "a Libyan hireling." PENTAGON WATCH: When Congress passed a law in 1969 requiring ex-military personnel to report their employment with defense contractors to discourage favoritism among old service buddies, a sponsor of the bill remarked: "Sunshine is a great disinfectant." Unfortunately, the Pentagon's less than enthusiastic enforcement of the law has produced an environment -more suited to rnushrooin- growing than disinfecting. Only 13.6 percent of former Army personnel comply with the law, according to a General Accounting Office investigation. About 18 percent of former Navy and Marine Corps people comply. while some 60 percent of ex-Air Force employees do. WHITE HOUSE PIPELINE: When Federal Reserve Board Vice Chairman Preston Martin quit after he was told he had no chance of succeeding Paul Volcker as chairman next year, White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan surprisingly suggested that Vocker be appointed to a third term. This is highly unlikely, though, and Regan- watchers figure it's just his sly way of keeping others from contending for the job he really wants himself — and which President Reagan would be happy to give him. Regan was hoping for the post in 1983, but was passed over because the financial community thought he lacked experience and independence. MINI-EDITORIAL: Can there be a pair of liars more preposterous than Libyan strongman Muammar Khadafy and Philippine weakman Ferdinand Marcos? After his missile batteries and gunboats took a shellacking from the Sixth Fleet, Khadafy sailed into a part of the Mediterranean safely out of range of U.S. forces and claimed he had driven the Americans off. Half a world away, ex-President Marcos is loudly accusing his ponutarly acclaimed successor, Corazon Aquino, of illegally grabbing power and — get this — lining her pocketbook at the public's expense. Dale Van Ana co-authored today's column *'//A Jack Anderson of Untied Feature Syndicate. Robert Walters Interlocking maze of firms violating child labor laws CHARLOTTE, N.C. — The scene is repeated thousands of times every day throughout the country: A child appears at the front door selling cookies, candy or similar items and a sympathetic homeowner makes a purchase. In many cases, the youngsters are scouts or members of other reputable groups. In some instances, however, the solicitors are part of a commercial operation dedicated primarily to reaping profits for its adult organizers. "Significant income from these schemes goes to out-of-state profiteers who operate through an ever-changing, interlocking maze of companies." bays North Carolina Labor Commissioner John C. Brooks. "The common denominator," adds Brooks, "is the spirit of Fagin, the villain in Charles Dickens' 19th century novel, •Oliver Twist.' who made a living by sending underprivileged boys out to pick the pockets of wealthy Londoners." The problem is not limited to North Carolina. Almost half of the states have reported similar questionable door-to-door sales operations involving alleged deceptive selling practices and violations of child labor laws. Included in that list are California, Oregon, Washington, Arizona. Oklahoma, Texas. Connecticut. New Jersey. Maryland, Nebraska, Illinois, Iowa, Georgia. Alabama, South Carolina and Florida. At the center of many of those operations, according to federal and state officials, is Gerald L. Winters, who is board chairman of and a stockholder in four firms that specialize in children's door-to-door candy sales. The companies are Fund Raiser Products Inc.; Global Home Products Inc.; Junior Careers Inc.; and Processing Sales Inc. All are located in the northern New Jersey suburbs of New York City, where Winters also lives. North Carolina is typical of the slates that have sought in vain to control the sale operations. "We were passionately committed to getting rid of them here," says one official of the state's Labor Department. "They flagrantly violated all kinds of laws." adds another. Among the problems cited by those officials: — Although none of the money collected from the candy sales goes to any charity, the youthful solicitors often imply that they are part of a philanthropic operation, through the use of names such as the Student Aid Program or by vague references to scholarship assistance and trips to amusement parks for deserving youngsters. — Those in charge of the candy sales often fail to register with local officials and obtain the required solicitation permits. In addition, they regularly ignore child labor laws. According to the Labor Department officials, the children work long hours, receive little money and are driven long distances from their homes. In one case, they say. a 15-year-old from Greensboro was abandoned by his boss in Winston-Salem about : 25 miles a way because he didn't sell enough candy. '• The candy is purchased by the public for S3 p<er box after being obtained from Winters' firms for about SI.25 per box. The youngsters received'^0 cents per sale and the remaining profits are divided among a network of crew distributors, arfca distributors and district distributors. Winters says the distributors are independent operators, but tlje federal government claims that he heads a coordinated operation. -I North Carolina and other states have initiated legal .action against those operations, but th.e organizers invariably scatter elsewhere before they can b e prosecuted. -; In 1984, however, the U.S. Department of Labor went into U.S. District Court in Charlotte and fifexl a legal complaint against Winters' operations, alleging that they violated the child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. -' Judge Thomas B. McMillan ruled last year in the government's favor, but Winters now is appealing that decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for trie 4th Circuit. The outcome of the case is certain'{o have nationwide implications. > Robert Walters is a .Veu'spaper Enterprise Association colOai- nist. '.. "Someday, son, you can tell your children you saw Halley's comet In 1966 — at least, you think you did."

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