The Daily Herald from Provo, Utah on April 6, 1975 · Page 18
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April 6, 1975

The Daily Herald from Provo, Utah · Page 18

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Provo, Utah
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Sunday, April 6, 1975
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Page 18
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Page 18-THE HERALD, Provo. Utah, 'Sunday. April 6. 1975 Petition President SWvWtfW:^^ Western Governors Seek Beef Import Moratorium FARM HOME GARDEN BILLINGS. Mont. (UPI) — Western governors have joined in petitioning President Ford to declare a moratorium on beef imports A letter outlining the request will be delivered to President Ford Friday in San Francisco. The letter was drafted and signed Wednesday by the seven governors attending the West- em Governors' Conference on Agriculture. The letter also called for distribution of government- purchased beef to the disadvantage^ in this country, emergency loans for the livestock industry and implementation of acceptable predator control methods. The governors also asked Ford to consider signing the federal strip mine reclamation bill approved by Congress, supply federal funds to energy-impacted communities and provide adequate funds for the development of alternative energy supplies The letter will be delivered by Montana Gov. Thomas L. Judge when he and eight other Western governors meet with the President. During the agriculture conference the delegates heard from Ambassador James C. H. Shen, Republic of China. "As far as the American value of agriculture between our two countries is concerned," Shen said, "Taiwan has bought more from the United States than it has sold to her. As our economy continues to grow and as long as its livestock maintains its New Vaccine Developed Against VEE in Horses Many more horses may now be protected against VEE, the Venezuelan form of sleeping sickness that terrorized horsemen in 1971. This could be the result of a new vaccine which can be used to vaccinate simultaneously against Venezuelan, Eastern and Western encephalomyelitis infections. The new vaccine, trade named Cephalovac (TM) VEW, was developed by a Kansas City veterinary drug firm, Jensen-Salisbery Laboratories, a division of Richardson-Merrell Inc. It will be distributed nationally through veterinarians in early April. The vaccine's VEE component is based en use of an avirulent, inactivated virus. Treatment of the virus in this way improves its safety, making it safe for use in pregnant mares. Modified live virus vaccines cannot be used in this class of animal. Research studies indicate that horses vaccinated with the new three virus vaccine respond better to the Eastern and Western viruses than when vaccinated with currently-used, two-virus vaccines. Field trials involving over 200 horses showed vaccination reactions were never serious enough to interrupt training or showing. Although there have been no outbreaks of VEE in the United States since 1971, authorities agree that a continuing threat exists. Outbreaks have continued to occur in Mexico, as they did before leaping the U.S. border in 1971. Also, the disease is capable of flaring up after having seemingly disappeared. Rodents and other small wild life can serve as a reservoir of infection. Mosquitoes can carry the virus from infected to non-infected animals, causing the area of infection to grow with time. Horses may be infected by mosquitoes picking up (ffe virus • from rodents or infected horses. Authorities cite the highly mobile U.S. horse population as a potential factor in the spread of infection. New infection areas can be set up as a result of mosquitoes feeding on infected horses transported to distant horse shows, racetracks, etc. Vaccination of horses against VEE has declined steadily since the 1971 outbreak when over 2,500,000 head were vaccinated in a massive campaign sponsored by the U.S. Government. Less than a half million of the Nation's estimated 10-million horses were vaccinated for VEE in 1974. This was less than 25 of those vaccinated against Eastern and Western Strain infections. Authorities agree that the best insurance against a future VEE outbreak is the immunization of a high percentage of the Nation's horses. They point to the frequent outbreaks of Eastern and Western Strain infections in previously unaffected areas as examples of the continuing threat. Milk and Meat Problems Aired In Publication The March, 1975 edition of UTAH SCIENCE, just published and distributed deals with a major world problem — how to best produce meat and milk. According to editor Joan Shaw, 460 million people are faced with starvation in the world today. Ten million of these people will probably die this year, mostly children under five years of age. One solution to the food population, according to Ms. Shaw is finding a cheaper way to produce meat and milk. "This solution means producing meat and milk without livestock consuming grain which humans can eat," Ms. Shaw writes. "The March issue explores how this can be achieved. Basically, we are discussing a return to an earlier period in agriculture - using forage which humans can't consume to produce edible protein." Home Gardening WEED CONTROL Weed control in vegetable gardens is very important, if full production is expected. No weed in a vegetable garden should ever be allowed to grow more than one inch in height. Weeds grow rapidly, and any weed which is allowed to grow, six inches high has already robbed the vegetable plants of a great deal of energy and fertility from the soil A sharp hoe is not needed if the weeds are eliminated when they are very small. Some hand weeding, of course, is necessary around all vegetable plants because hoes and mechanical tools cannot reach close to the plants. The weeding program in your vegetable garden should be started when the plants first begin coming up. A little experience on the gardener's part will reveal to him which plants are weeds and which are vegetables. There is no easy way to control weeds. Tilling equipment is good because it can eliminate a good many of the weeds between the rows and cut down on the hand- weeding. Yet, in the final analysis, every home gardener needs to do a little hand weeding on his hands and knees, because thefe~lsiio other way to eliminate them . Chemical weed control does not work well in a garden, mainly because no weed chemicals are selective enpugh to leave all the garden vegetables and kill all the weeds. Manv of the garden vegetables are related to weed plants and have their same characteristics. Commercial gardeners who are growing all one type of vegetable in a field can use a weed chemical profitably. For example, if you were a commercial grower of carrots you could eliminate all of the breadleaf plants in their carrots you could eliminate all of the b Commercial gardeners who are growing all one type of vegetable in a field can use a weed chemical profitably. For example, if you were a commercial grower of carrots you could eliminate all of the breadleaf plants in their carrot field with weed chemical. This Cannot, be done in a home garden, however, because the chemical would kill all broadleaf vegetables. Weed chemicals are not even recommended around tfte vegetable garden or along the ditchbanks, because fumes from' the chemicals can damage the garden vegetables. In a previous article the use of black plastic was mentioned. Black plastic kills the weeds because it will not allow the sunshine to get through to them. Because of its expense, it is not recommended for the entire garden, although it could be useful in some areas. present rate of expansion, a continual increase of American wheat and feed grains imports is assured for the future.'' Carol Foreman, executive director of the Consumers Federation of America, told the conference's delegates that most Americans would probably be willing to make sacrifices at the dinner table if called upon by the President to do so. "But I assure you," she said, "we are not anxious to have food prices rise in order to provide farmers with an adequate income." The constant expansion of chain supermarkets is one reason for higher food prices, she said. "Farmers get paid less for their crops because there are fewer buyers. Consumers pay more for their food because there are fewer suppliers." The final session in the conference was todav. r :.: : X:::X:X:X:::X-x*:iX^ USDA Proposes Amendments To State Food State Program Less Feed Needed For Choke Rating In New Beet Rules States would be required to develop systems for monitoring and improving their administration of the food stamp program under an amendment to food stamp regulations that was proposed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The proposed change implements amendments to the Food Stamp Act included in Public Law 93-347, approved last year. That law authorizes USDA to provide 50 percent of state food stamp administrative costs (see USDA press release 3636-74). It also directs USDA's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) to determine whether or not a state is running the program efficiently and effectively and to withhold federal administrative funds if a state fails to do so. Under the proposed amendment, states would annually review their state level operations and the operations of local areas that issue $500,000 or more in bonus food stamps a month. Smaller local areas would be reviewed once every two years. In addition, states would continue quality control reviews currently in effect. States would then report on FNS on deficiencies and proposed corrective actions. FNS would withhold federal administrative funds depending on the seriousness of the deficiency and the adequacy of proposed corrective measures. Under today's proposal, state reviews and corrective actions would begin on July 1, 1975. FNS would help the states collect the data they need to do this until January 1, 1976, when the states would take over full responsibility for data gathering and reporting. FNS said today's proposal is one of several steps designed to improve food stamp program administration. Public comments are invited on the proposed regulation, which is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register of March 21. Written co'mments may De mailed or delivered to P. Royal Shipp, Director, Food Stamp Division, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Washington, D.C. 20250 so as to be received not later than April 21. Comments received will be open to public inspection. FORT COLLINS. Colo. (UPI) — Cattlemen will require less feed in raising choice-graded cattle in the 20-to-30 month of age range under beef grading standards which go into effect April 14. according to Dr. Bradford W. Bern-, assistant professor of animal sciences at Colorado State University. Berry said the standards, proposed last fall, were adopted by the standardization branch of the Agricultural Marketing Service of the Department of Agriculture. He said the change drawing the most attention dealt with the level of marbling required in cattle for certain grades. Under the new rules, all cattle up to 30 months of age will require the same level of marbling for a certain grading category. Previously, cattle were required to have higher levels of marbling the older they became to meet the grading standards. "The changes won't affect consumers significantly," said Berry. "Taste tests have shown the various marbling levels required under the old system caused very little change in the eating quality of the meat." He said mandatory yield grading will also be required of all beef carcasses receiving a USDA quality grade and conformation no longer will be a factor in quality grading because it has had a minimal effect on quality of meat obtained from cattle. 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