The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 19, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, June 19, 1954
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAS1 ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI YOt. . 76 filytheviUe Courier Blythevilte Deiiy Newt Biflsslssippi Valley Leader BlythevUle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1954 EIGHT PAGES Published Except Sunday SINGL1 COPY Fin C**T§ Eden, Smith Leave Talks Tomorrow No Information As to Whether They'll Return By EDDY GILMOBE GENEVA (AP) — British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and U. S. Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith will leave the Geneva conference tomorrow. There was no information as to whether either intends to return. A U.S. announcement said Smith was flying back to Washington at- the request of President Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles to make a personal report on the Indochina peace talks. During Smith's absence the U.S. delegation will be headed by the American ambassador to Czechoslovakia, U. Alexis Johnson. Informed quarters said Eden would return to London by way of Paris, where he will talk with the new French Premier, Pierre Mendes-France. The British embassy in Paris announced Mendes- France has accepted an invitation to lunch with Eden at the embassy. Eden intends to take part in a foreign affairs debat* beginning Wednesday in the House of Commons and then go on to Washington with Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill for talks with President Eisenhower, Lord Reading will take over a« head of the British delegation. Eden and Smith conferred breifly this morning. Later Eden saw Bed China's Chou En-lai and Smith talked with the foreign minister of Viet Nam, Nguyen Quoc Dinh. The two Western leaders" planned to attend this afternoon's secret session of the nine-party Indochina conference, which will make an effort to see what, if anything, the Communists and West have in common on their proposals for peace in Laos and Cambodia. The nine Indochina conference participants planned to examine various proposals already submitted by the Laotian, Cambodian and Red Chinese diplomats to see how much they have in common. Meanwhile, representatives of Red China, the Communist-led Vietminh Viet Nam, Laos, and Cambodia scheduled another get- together to continue their effort at settling the conflict in the French Union states. Laos and Cambodia contend they have been invaded by .foreign troops of Ho Chi Minh and call for their immediate withdrawal. Red China's Premier-Foreign Minister Chou En-lai declared earlier this week "foreign troops" should leave the two small kingdoms. But both Chou and Vietminh Foreign Minister Pham Van Dong made clear yesterday this meant they wanted French troops to get out. They claimed any opposition movement in the counties came from local resistance governments. Van Dong admitted there might be some "volunteers" from the Viet- mtoh helping the resistance forces, pulled out. , The *rench have labeled the so- called resistance regimes phantom governments existing only in the minds of the Communists. The Laotian-Cambodian proposals call for regrouping French troops in the two. states, but not necessarily for their departure. But the Communists have declared they would not accept the idea of any foreign troop bases on Indochinese soil. The full Indochina parley appeared "to be taking a breather before plunging into next week's series Of bargaining sessions. The French delegation —one of the principals in any Indochina settlement — was marking time awaiting the expected arrival of its new premier Pierre Mendes-France. The new premier who probably will take over the foreign ministry post as well, was expected here soon to begin the race to meet his self-imposed four-week deadline for a cease-fire in Indochina. HEIGHT OF TESTIMONY — As television crews pack their equipment in Senate caucus room where for 36 days McCarthy-Army hearing held sway, an unidentified man stands behind and supports the **ix-foot high tower of testimony records taken during the session, starting April 22. The controversial hearing ended Thursday with both sides standing firmly on the charges and counter-charges flung at one another. In foreground are some of the microphones used in the hearing. (AP Wirephoto) Mundt Okays Checks Of 2 McCarthy Aides WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Mundt (R-SD) indicated today he would go along with a Democratic demand that the Pentagon speed answers to requests for security clearances on two Senate Investigations subcommittee appointees of Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis). $4,000 Is Stolen From. Osceolan OSCEOLA — A gunman entered the Melvin Speck home last night and at gun point took a billfold containing an estimated $4,000 in cash from Mr. Speck while he and his wife were in bed, Police Chief Jake Thiailkill said this morning. Sen. McCleilan of Arkansas, senior subcommittee Democrat and speaking for the three minority party members, demanded publicly yesterday that the subcommittee move fast to find out why, as h put it, the two have not received Defense Department security clear ance to handle classified documents for which - application was made more than a year ago. "I will second it," Mundt said in an interview, "if McCleilan will ask the Pentagon to take up these cases and say 'yes' or 'no'," on the applications. Aside from Mundt's comment there was little sign of harmony between the Republican and Demo cratic members in the wake of the group's first closed-door meeting yesterday following the hearings end Thursday. The group plans future similar get-togethers for the job of writing up their report. Mundt said he understands the two subcommittee staff members who -have not been named, have not specifically been denied clearances despite a delay of 14 month: in one case and 15 months in the other. French Foil Ambush by Guerrillas Dyess Pastor Is NAC Member One Mississippi County pastor yesterday was received on trial as a member of the North Arkansas Methodist Conference which is meeting in Batesville. He is the Rev. Marion J. Pollard of Dyess who was notified of his membership by the Board of Ministerial Training. Insid* Today'* Couritr Ntwi . . . Tbt Kitten Is Hta Clasff-AIonf with an Aim- fui of Other Pitchers . . . FaB Rematch Is Seen for Charl«i . . . Talbott Quotes a Truism on Mar- .clano . • . 8porU . . . P»ft I ... . . . Mewly-Nomlnated Alabama Attorney General Is Murder** . . . . . . Page 8 . . . . . . Younf Folks Page . . .Page I. . . HANOI, Indochina (£>)—A thousand Communist-led Vietminh guerillas were pounded by French planes, artilledy and tank guns in an abortive ambush along the Hanoi- Haiphong supply lifeline, the French High Command reported today. A French Army Spokesman said French Army losses were light. He said 35 Vietminh were killed and 20 taken prsoner in the running battle. French planes and artillery plastered the Vietminh as they tried to flee the ambush site and "their losses were heavy," the Army spokesman said. French - piloted American-supplied warplanes, meanwhile, continued stepped up bombing of Vietminh bases inside the delta a \i poured tons of high explosives on rebel supply convoys moving toward the delta defense perimeter. Twenty miles west of Hanoi mobile French artillery pounded three villages rebel guerrillas are using as bases. The high command said B26 dive bombers cut highways ahead of rebel supply columns on "invasion routes" 13 and 14 west of the delta perimeter. Warplanes bombed one column of Molotov trucks' bringing supplies. Some explosions and fires were reported. 345 Are X-Rayed At Luxora Clinic Just short of 350 persons received chest X-rays whqp the mobile X-ray unit visited Luxora. .Serving as registrars were Mrs. Tom CalUs, Mrs. I., B. Sartain, Jr., Mrs. R. L. Houck, Mrs. J. L. Flanagan, Miss Edith McDaniel, Miss Wilma Layne, Mrs. Wylie Tatc, Miss Ann Rozelle. Mrs. C. B. Thomas and 'Peace Patrol' Veto Appealed Big Three Want Issue Taken to General Assembly UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (£)— The Western Big Three were agreed today that Thailand's Soviet-vetoed request for a Southeast Asia peace patrol should go to the U. N. General Assembly. They were still studying the problem of how to get it there, and when. The request, designed to keep the Indochina war from spreading westward into Thailand, failed in the Security Council yesterday because of the Soviet Union's veto. The vote was 8-1 with Lebanon abstaining. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. of the United States told the Council, "Thank Heaven, we can still go on to the Assembly." Later, after private conferences with British, French and Thai representatives, he told reporters. "We are all in favor of calling the Assembly, but just exactly when and how is subject to consultation between the countries." Thanat Khoman, Thailand's acting permanent representative to the U. N., said earlier his government would request Assembly consideration of its request—but, r^e added, "whether in a special session or a resumed session we will have to study." The 60-nation assembly since last Dec. 9 has been in recess on the Korean peace question, subject to recall by majority consent. U. N. observers said this circumstance left three alternatives open to governments interested in the Thai plea: 1. To resume the 1953 session with Korea on the agenda and add the Thai request to that agenda, or substitute it for Korea. 2. To resume that session and adjourn it immediately, clearing the board for a special sessionl which would then be called under the general rules by majority consent. 3. To wait until the next regular assembly session starts Sept. 21. First Cotton Bloom Reported The first cotton bloom was brought to the Courier News office this morning. Bearer was Raydo Veach of Manila, Rt. 1. His farm in the Lost Cane area produced the bloom. The cotton was planted April 15 and was DPL 15. Mr. Veach explained that since this portion of the crop was protected somow'vM bv timber, he didn't have to re- following April's Iroot. Mendes-France Names Cabinet- 20th in 10 Years New Premier Keeps Foreign Minister Post for Himself PARIS W) — Premier Pierre Mendes-France today named his new Cabinet — the 20th since France's liberation 10 years ago— of 16 ministers and 13 secretaries of state. He kept the foreign ministry for himself. Two members of the Cabinet were from the popular Republican Movement (MRP) which had ordered its members to abstain from the voting when Mendes-France was confirmed. The MRP also decided not to participate in the government and to take disciplinary action against members who defied the order. The two MRP members named today were Robert Buron, minister of overseas territories, and Andre Monteil, secretary of state for the navy. Buron and Monteil voted for Mendes-France in spite of the party call for abstentions. Mendes - France named Edgar Faure minister of finance, a job he held in the Laniel government. Gen. Pierre Koenig, a follower of Gen. Charles de Gaulle, was appointed minister of defense. Francois Mitterand, who resigned from the Laniel cabinet because of differences of policy on French Union affairs, was named minister of the interior. He is a member of the Democratic and Socialistic Union of the Resistance (UDSR). Not Well Known Mendes-France's accession as the 14th postwar French premier caught Americans here by surprise. They don't know quite what to make of him. Almost none of the top figures in the American embassy had ever talked seriously to him. They knew about him at second hand, as did many French and American businessmen here. But until he actually was voted in as premier yesterday few could believe it was going to happen. The Surprise has called for a "reappraisal." "We may find it is a good thing, after all," one American diplomat said. The explanation is this: Mendes- France promised in winning Assembly support he would get a cease-fire in Indochina by July 20 or get out of office. That puts a big burden on him and his new team in negotiating with the Communists in Geneva. It has one disadvantage. The Communists may try to hold off until the end of the Entering; the house through a downstairs window around 3 a.m.. the burglar went upstairs to the bedroom where Mr. and Mrs. Speck were sleeping. Their children were sleeping in adjoining bedrooms. Mr. Speck told officers he was awakened by a flashlight shining in his face. The burglar, who held a gun on him and Mrs. Speck, demanded money "to get something to drink with." The burglar appeared to be a Negro and took a billfold from trousers lying 1 on a chair close to the bed. Checks in the billfold were discarded before toe burglar left. Mr. Speck said. As soon as the burglar left, he called the police. Mr. Speck told the officers. City and county officers are investigating. Mr. Speck, who has farming interests at Frenchman's Bayou, told police that he usually carried large sums of money. Demo Fight For Added TaxCutDue WASHINGTON (JP)~ Sen. George (D-Ga) said today Democrats would fight in the Senate to write new income tax cuts into a general tax revision bill that already provides nearly I'/v billion dollars in tax relief for corporations and individuals. The biu was headed for possi- the Senate Finance Committee yesterday formally approved the 875- page house-passed measure that would overhaul the nation's tax law for the first time In 70 years. The Democrats on the committee had talked of trying to include new income tax reduction provisions, but they apparently made no move to do so. However, George — the committee's senior Democrat — said in an interview Democratic strategists have settled on two alternate proposals for full Senate consideration: 1. To reduce personal income taxes $2.400,000,000 annually by a $100 increase in personal exemptions. 2. To give each taxpayer a $20 annual income tax credit. It was estimated this plan would mean a $1.250.000,000 annual tax cut. Chairman Millikin (R-Colo) of the Finance Committee would not comment on proposed amendments, but he predicated the Senate would accept the bill about as it came from his group. Opposes Cut The Eisenhower administration has come out in outright opposition to any new general income tax reduction, contending the government cannot stand the added revenue loss. However, the administration has month's time the premier allowed, i backed revenue-losing provisions in the hope that he will accept j in the tax revision bill on grounds poor terms just to stay in office, j they would correct long-standing ' inequities and encourage business expansion and investment. A number of Democrats have attacked the legislation, claiming it is Weighted in favor of big business and the wealthy, but administration officials have contended its benefits would be about equally distributed between business and individuals. Administration spokesmen have argued that business expansion would lead to more jobs. Actually, the revision bill would provide no adjustments in major tax rates. Its benefits would be realized through more liberal allowances to corporations and individuals. George said he would prefer the $20 tax credit proposal, but that a group of Democrats wanted to offer the $100 exemption boost. The veteran Southerner said this latter course would be taken and he indicated he would support it. Would Offer Rider It appeared likely Geoi'ge would offer the $20 tax credit amend- See TAXES on Page 8 Two Guatemalan Ports Captured by Anti-Reds Planners Unsure of Next War By ELTON C. FAY QUANT1CO. Va. (AP) — Ad in. Arthur Radford, chaii man of the Joint Chiefs o Staff, said today America' military planners cannot b certain when "the next war might come — or if it does whether it would be short and "violently destructive" or "long drawn-out affair;' Radford was scheduled to laj this and other military plannlni problems on the line before the na tion's defense leaders in a secre session of the Defense Secrtariej Annual Conference here. In excerpts from his prepare remarks that were made public Radford made clear he believe the uncertainties of the world sil uation put this country in a posi tion "where we have to pine greater reliance on combat-readj forces in being." He also sale atomic power by itself is no enough. The closed meeting of 100 Lop members of the Defense Depart ment. Armed Forces and othe high government officials wai scheduled to get under way in ad vance of a visit today by Presiden Eisenhower to this Marine base. Radford said that this nuclea age is "synonymous with the evo lution of atomic plenty and mam moth destructive power, a powe which staggers one's imagination.' But he added: Not Entirely Adequate "On the other hand, I reject the concept that atomic power is, by itself, adequate to meet all ou military security needs. We can not afford to rely exclusively on one weapon, or on one service, o anticipate one kind of war, noi should we fail to maintain Army Navy, Air Force and Marine curity." The President. a former- five- DES MOINES (#1 — Rampaging rivers and creeks in northern Iowa hurled additional flood threats at several towns today as new overnight rains sent the water coursing higher. The normally placid streams, swollen by rains measuring up to an unofficial 10 inches yesterday, poured over farm lands, washed out crops, ripped up highways and swirled into residential sections of several towns. Japs Test Seowottr TOKYO (/P)—The Welfare Ministry today ordered all local governments to test seawater at public bathing beaches for possible radioactivity from American hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific. star general always ready for an opportunity to get back to the familiar military surroundings, arranged to motor down from the White House this morning, spend the remainder of the day and drive back over the East, 35-mile route to Washington late tonight. The Marine Corps turned out foi the welcoming ceremony its usual smartly trained troops to parade before the commander-in-chief — tanned and trimly tailored men with the sharp alertness of experienced fighters . Careful About Timing Remembering an embarassing moment last year. Marine Corps commanders and the defense officials took special pains in setting up a time table. A year ago when the President visited the annual confeence there were last minute changes in his schedule — and his car sped into the Marine base and drew up before the quarters of Lt. Gen. Clifton B. Gates, commandant of the Marine Corps schools, where, alas, there was no one home except a doorman. The welcoming committee meanwhile was racing frantically back from the base entrance three miles away, where the President's car had whisked by minutes before. Secretary of Defense Wilson was official host at a luncheon to which it was expected the President would address some informal remarks. Late in the afternoon — after time for golf — the President was invited to an outdoor barbeque. Discuss Research Morning business sessions before See DEFENSE on Page 8 Wyoming Senator Dies of Gun Wound WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Lester C. Hunt (D-Wyo), former governor now completing his first Senate term, died at 12:32 p.m. (EDT) today of a bullet wound which capitol police said apparently was self- inflicted. Death came at Casualty Hospital about 3'/£ hours after the senator was found shot in his private Senate office. The announcement of his death was given to reporters by Dr. Benson Pecson, resident physician. Hunt had been in ill health, and Sen. Clements (D-Ky) said he knows Hunt had "felt some concern" about his condition. The senator was found In his of- ice by Mike Manatos and Ira WhiUock. members of his staff, viicn they reported for work this montiflf. Mrs. Hunt was at the hospital disclosed, when he died. Hunt's death leaves the Senate membership at 47 Democrats and 47 Republicans. There also is one Independent, Sen. Morse of Oregon. Capt. W. J. Broderick, head of the Capitol police force, said the shooting still was under investigation but that the wound appeared to be self-inflicted. Dr. George W. Calver, Capitol pbysician, authorized a brief statement saying Hunt was shot over the right temple with a .22 caliber rifle. The statement said Hunt was alone when he was found. Hunt had announced June 8 that because of "health conditions" he would not seek a second term as senator. He had been undergoing treatment, at the Naval Medical Center in n: rby Bethcsda, Md. HM aatw* at hto UtaeM WM noi ( Friends have said they did not believe the illness was serious, although the possibility of an operation had been discussed. Both Capitol police and homicide detectives from Washington's metropolitan police force were called to Hunt's office. Shortly before noon. Sen. -Clements of Kentucky, chairman of the Democratic Campaign Committee and a close friend of Hunt's, issued the following statement from Hunt's office: "Sen. Lester Hunt was wounded in his office . . found . this morning by Mike Manatos and ra Whitlock, members of his staff. A single shot rifle was at his side. "Sen, Hunt was accompanied to Casualty hospital by a. member of Dr. Calver's staff." Clements refused to give further •M SENATOR •» *»•§ I I Armas invader Churchill, Ike to Study Top Issues WASHINGTON. Juno 18 to—Top- level French-American talks on Indochina. European defense, and other critical issues appeared pos- the Elsenhower-Churchill meeting opening here next week. This prospect was brought out yesterday in a letter sent by President Eisenhower to French President Rene Coty and made public by the White House. Eisenhower, noting he would be meeting- informally with Prime Minister Churchill and British Foreign Secretary Eden the weekend of June 25, told Coty he looked forward "to resuming with the government of France such intimate conversations as I have had in the past." The leuer was regarded by diplomats as a gesture of friendship and reassurance by the American leader in advance of a meeting in which the French will not participate, and at a time when the government of France had come into the hands of a new premier, Pierre Mendes-France, of whose ideas American officials have in the past been critical. The Eisenhower message was considerably more than an action of friendship, however, because in carefully constructed language it warned the French that so far as the United States is concerned time ,s running out for ratification of ,he proposed European Defense •ommunity. The EDC is a U. S.- supported plan for a six-nation de- ease system in which Germany would take part. Former Head Of NLRB Dies ST. LOUIS (/P)—Robert N. Denham, 66, general counsel of the National Labor Relations Board from 1947 to 1950, died at Barnes Eiospital last night, apparently of a heart attack. Denham quit the NLRB at former President Truman's request, limaxing a running fight between the general counsel's office and the five-man NLRB board over jurisdiction and administration of the Taft-Hartley law. Denham entered the hospital about four hours before he died. Denham was born in St. Louis Oct. 23, 1885. He received a bachelor of law degree from the University of Missouri in 1907 and a master of law degree from the University of Michigan in 1906. DWI Charge Brings Fin* John Bolen was fined $100 and ;osts and sentenced to 24 hours In ail in Municipal Court this morn- ng, on a charge of driving while ntoxicated. t liberators' Hit Four Cities by Land, Sea, Air TEGUCIGALPA,Honduras (AP) — Two strategic Guatemalan seaports were reported in the hands of invading anti-Communist "liberation army" forces today. Local informants of the liberation army identified the two ports as Puerto Barrios on the Caribbean and San Jose on the Pacific. The Army, under command of former Guatemalan Army Lt. Col Carlos Castillo Armas, said two inland towns also may be in control of the invaders. These towns Were identified a* Zncapa. which lies near the Honduras border between Puerto Bar- Bulltrin UNITED NATIONS, New York (/P)—Guatemala asked today for an emergency weekend MMfon of the U. N. Security Council to consider "agjcresnion' ajraiiut her territory, her representative to MM U. N. «Ud. rio and Guatemala City, and th« smaller town of Retalhuleu,, in the southwest corner of the country near the Mexican border. The informants said, how«v«*. that if the Guatemalan army has sent reinforcements into San JOB* and Puerto Barrios the invader* may have been pushed back from initial gain*. But, they added, no setbacks thus far havt be«n imported. Palace Gunned (NBC Correspondent Mac B«ti- nell reported in a Tegucigalpa broadcast heard in New York this morning that the invaders th«a held about a third of Guatemala. He said two planes had machine- gunned the presidential palace In the capital.) The invasion was tbt culmination of a long-standing effort to unseat the Communist-backed government of President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. There are reports here that Castillo Armas has been in Guatemala since the invasion began to lead his liberation army personally. But his movements have been kept secret and his headquarters twice has postponed without explanation a promised statement by the 40- year-old resistance leader. The latest report of fighting inside Guatemala was at Quezal- tenango, a good-sized city about 80 miles due west of Guatemala City. The "liberation" troops, which attacked Guatemala by land, sea and air yesterday, were reported locked in bloody combat with defending forces at four important cities. There also were reports of internal uprisings throughout the embattled country. Protest "Invasion" A Guatemalan delegate to the United Nations announced in New York last night his government had protested to the Security Council against the "criminal invasion of my country." The delegate, Eduardo Castillo Arriola, said the protest had been sent to Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., of the United States, Council president. A spokesman for Col. Carlos Castillo Armas, exiled Guatemalan leader of the invaders, said fierce fighting was in progress at two ports and two important inland rail centers. They were: Puerto Barrios, Guatemala's'big east coast fruit shipping port. (In New York, the National Broadcasting Co. said its Tegucigalpa correspondent reported last night Puerto Barrios hag fallen to the rebels.) San Jose, a naval-air baae and commercial port on the Pacific • See GUATEMALA on Pa*e • forth Tremors Notttf JAKARTA, Indonesia (/P)—Strong arth tremors rocked Jakarta for 7 seconds early today. No c*tttfrl- warm this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Widely scattered afternoon and evening thunderabowvrs. MISSOURI—Partly cloudy, continued hot and humid through Sunday; few widely scattered afternoon thundershowen south portion; low tonight in 70s. High Sunday in 90s. Minimum this mornlnf—T4. Maximum yetterdtjr—M. Sunset today—7:16. Sunrise tomorrow—4:47. Mean umptratur* (mldwaf >•**••> high and tow)—MJ. Precipitation last 14 beivn to T:tt a.m. today—none. Pr««lpltatlon Jan. 1 to date—14.41. This Date uut Year Maximum yesterday—101. Minimum thU mornlnf— 71. Pr»l| Hills* jMMHf 1 «

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