Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa on September 13, 1962 · Page 17
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Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa · Page 17

Fayette, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, September 13, 1962
Page 17
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Page 17 article text (OCR)

'• <$% ••:=&3« Football is ancient sport; Banned in England 300 years No game demands more teamwork strength, courage and alertness or provides a more thrilling spectacle than football - king of autumn sports in the United States. It's a safe bet that few games have as lively a history. Football is an ancient sport. A game called harpaston was played by the Spartans as early as 500 B. C. In this game a ball was kicked, passed, or carried across the opponents' goal line, according to researchers for Compton's Pictured Encyclopedia. Strikingly similar to a modem football was the follis, used in Roman games. It was made of leather and inflated with air, but evidently was propelled by foot, not by hand and arm. A game called calcio, a modified form fo harpaston, enlivened medieval tournaments in Italy. The. players, 27 on a team, used line and backfieid formations similar to those of football today. Princes, soldiers, and "the noble ladies and the people" cheered for their favorites. A brawl-like kind of football was , played in England as early as the 10th century and by the 12th it had become a national problem. The game was making London a bedlam. In addition, it was divert-* ing yeoman from archery, the sport that fitted them to defend England Hence football was banned by municipal laws and royal edicts beginning in 1365 when Edward m decided to prohibit the game for military reasons. Football was not fully reinstated until the 17th century when Charles n allowed many diversions form' erly prohibited A survey published in 1602 recorded that goals were set three or four miles apart and two or three parishes, united to play others in games that sprawled over the countryside. The sport began to take definite form at boys' schools. Some even drew up rules. These allowed the ball to be kicked,- but not carried, toward the goal One November afternoon in 1823, something strange happened at Rugby, a famous boys' school. The score was tied in a football battle between two class teams. Dusk was settling. Suddenly a player named Ellis "with a fine disregard for the rules of football as played in his time took the ball in his arms • and ran it" across the goal line. The score was not allowed The event made history, however, and began Rugby football from which the American game is directly descended. A tablet at Rugby commemorates Ellis' exploit By 1863 the new game of Rugby had become very popular. Those who clung to the old idea that football should be played by kicking the ball met in London and formed the Football Association. Thereafter this game was known as "Association football" or "soc- cer" a jumbled abbreviation of the word association. Soccer still holds to the pre-Rugby style of game and uses a round ball. The ball, after being put in play, may not be carried or touched by the hands or arms, except by the goalkeeper. It is advanced chiefly by kicking and dribbling with the feet A goal is scored when the ball is kicked underneath the crossbar of the goal posts. Rugby, the parent of intercollegiate football, is little played in the U. S. In the British Isles, however, it is so important that disputes over rules are taken before an international board composed, of representatives from the Rugby Unions of. England Scotland Wales and Ireland. Rugby resembles the' American game in that the .ball is oval and may be advanced by carrying, passing and kicking. It differs notably in having 15 men to a team and in placing a higher premium on field goals. Football probably was brought to America by the English colonists who established Jamestown in 1607, Compton researchers point out An inflated pig bladder usually served as ball for these early games. Women played too, because throwing and.passing were more important than kicking. Early in the 19th century, football games were played at Harvard and Yale to determine class supremacy between freshmen and sophmores. The "games" were hardly more than mass rushes and "slug tests.". In 1860 authorities at Harvard and Yale ended' these brawls and Harvard students held a mock funeral for "Football Fightum." An important step toward making football a recognized sport was organization of the Oneida Football Club of Boston in 1862. The founder of this "first organized football club in the U. S." was Gerrit Smith Miller. The first American intercollegiate football game grew out of rivalry between Princeton and Rutgers. On Nov. 6, 1869, the contest took place at New Brunswick, N. J., and Rutgers won 6 goals to 4. The game was played with 25 men on a side. A few days later Princeton won at its home field 8 goals to 0, but rivalry between the two colleges became so bitter that school authorities forbade a third and deciding game. In 1875 Harvard and the McGill University Football Club 61 Canada introduced the Rugby principle of running with the balL The two teams played part of one contest under Harvard (soccer) rules and the remainder of the game under the Rugby .rules of McGill. Rugby impressed Harvard players so favorably that they decided to abandon what was called the "somewhat sleepy type of game" then played. By 1876 the right to run with the ball was generally recognized Here are other milestones from football's lively history as noted by Compton's Pictured Encyclopedia: In 1873, the University of Michigan challenged Cornell and arrangements were made to play at Cleveland 30 men*on a side. The proposed game never took place because Andrew Dickson White, then president of CbrneD, ruled: "I wfll not pennit 30 men to travel 400 mfles to agitate a bag of wind" In 1880, Walter Camp, the "father of American football" persuaded the rule makers to reduce the number of players on a team from 15 to 11 and to replace "scrum" with scrimmage, whereby the ball was put into .play either, by kicking it or snapping it back. The position of quarterback was also created in 1880, In 1882 Camp introduced a rule calling for surrender of the baB to the opponents if the ban had not been advanced at least 5 yards in three plays. This was the origin of the 10 yards - four downs rule. In 1896, A. A. Stagg helped organize the Western Conference or Big Ten which pioneered in setting up and enforcing eligibility rules and amateur standards. In 1901, Fielding H. (Hurry-up) Yost, football coach at the University of Michigan produced a famous team built around a freshman Willie Heston, which scored nearly a point,for each minute of play. It amassed 550 points in 11 games and kept its opponents scoreless. In 1906 the rule makers revolutionized .the game by barring all mass plays and introducing the forward pass which led to a more open, style of play. Welcome STUDENTS AND FACULTY OF H)WA UNIVERSITY T WELCOME To UPPER IOWA And To FAYETTE from NUTRI-PAKCO. Fayette, Iowa It's A Pleasure To Have You In Fayelte. We're Sure You Have Picked The Right Institution To Fulfill Your Desire For Higher Education. We Know You Will Find The Town Of Fayette A Fine Place To Live, And The Residents Friendly. Farm Bureau Insurance E. P. Venhazen Phone 116 Fayette More spectacular than rather Stagg or Yost was Glenn S. "Pop" Warner who UK* over the.fbotbatt team at the Carlisle Tntfan SciW; in 1899 and subsequent^ introduced the unbalanced line wttb single and double wing backs--to create wbat was called the "Warner, system** of play.' Professional football started at, Latrobe, Pa., in 1855, the National' Football League was formed in, Latrobe, Pa., in 1895, the National ', Football League began play with ' r -- teams in eight major cities. , Tffi WESLEYAN State and Mechanic Str OUR PROGRAM — Sunday School Morning ^Vorship -, ,1' Wedeyan Youth Service ' ' 6: Evening Worship 7:30 P.M. OUR PURPOSE— \ To provide an evangelical Christ-centered, mg church m this comnmnity for you. ... OURPASTOR — Rev. Rkhard L. Jtani Say goodbye to shirt hangover! pepover styling and masculine range *

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