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ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Mtmtttf of Tht AMoclattd Prm. Sc Ptr Copy. Vol. CXV, Mo. 5 ALTON, ILL., FRIDAY, JANUARY 20,1950 fetablltbtd January II, MNL E JM.Sparksa61, Killed As Auto Crashes Ledge Dies Instantly When Car Leaves Highway Near St. Genevieve, Mo. Edwin M. Sparks, 61, 428 Foulds retired flour mill executive, wa killed instantly at 12:30 p. m. to day when the sedan he was,driv Ing smashed into a rock ledge, 2( feet, off Missouri Highway 25, twc miles south of St. Genevieve. State Highway Patrol Trooper R, A. Dickey told the Telegraph n 1:45 p. m. today that Sparks' body had been Identified by papers In the pockets and the license plate 'on the car. There were no witness es to the crash, the patrol reported The car evidently left the let side of the highway and plunge Into the rocks. It was discovered • few moments after the crash b> Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Morrow Webster Groves, enroute to Flori • da. The car's front end was crushe< -In and the motor had been driven back Into the front seat by. th force of the crash. Trooper Dickey said the injuries to the body Indi cated Sparks died instantly. There were no skid marks to in dlcate any sudden attempt hai been made by Sparks to stop hi ear and it was assumed he had lost control of the vehicle. The-body Is at the Easier fu neral home at St. Genevieve. The state trooper said Mr. an ' Mrs. Morrow reported the car wa "still steaming" when they dlscov ered it and this was taken' to indi cate the crash had occurred .but a short time before it was reported Mr. Sparks was a member of the well-known flour' milling family which, until recently, had operated the Sparks Milling Co. He was nearing his 62nd birthday. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. C. F - Sparks of Alton and * had spen 1 most of his life in Alton. In Flour Business Mr. Sparks is survived by his wife, three daughters, Mrs. James M. Mulroy, Mrs. J. Richard McLaughlin of Alton, and Miss Mary E, Sparks of Denting, N. M. He leaves also two sisters, Mrs. Pau B. Cousley and Mrs. Katherine Dreier of Alton and two brothers, R. D. Sparks of Bolton, Mass. and David R. Sparks of White Field, N. H. There are also seven grandchildren. Mr. Sparks was brought up in the flour milling business ant ^spent his life in that, work until recent years. After' the Sparks Milling Co. discontinued business in Alton, Mr. Sparks with his cousin, George S. Milnor, took over the milling property and during the last war they operated the mill in the manufacture of grits for making of alcohol for military purposes. About a year ago Mr. Sparks severed his connection with the milling and flour concern with which he had been associated and since that had put in much of his time driving his cat to various'parts of the country. He was a skillful driver and it was one of his greatest pleasures to travel over the highways, In his long experience as a motor 'car driver this was the first acci dent he had ever had. Mr. Sparks had a flair for public service in his younger days and when he was a young man he had served a term as member of the City Council. He later, under the administration of Mayor Butler, served on a commission named by Mayor Butler to study the subject ot municipal water and lighting service. It was this commission which he headed that succeeded in ft32 in getting favorable electric energy rates for,, the Alton area. "Ned" Sparks, as he was generally known, had a wide acquaint ance, scattered over the Middle West and through the southern states. He was 'generally known and well liked in the Alton area. Among huntsmen he was one of the most successful in the local area. It was his fondness for the hunt that took him so frequently into the Arkansas rice country where wild ducks were numerous. There . he' was one of the best known men of the numbers of sportsmen who flocked there in hunting season. Down* and Sunsets Now at Their Beat With the continuing cool weather, the higher reaches of atmosphere filled with minute ic« .crystals, this time of year It when we may expect to see dawn ikies and sunset's paint-. Ing of the clouds at their best. It Is a good time for the photographer who can succeed with picturing Nature's beauty scenes with color film. This morning offered a scene of rare beauty. Great streamers, of clouds had been stretched from the south to the north of the eastern portion of the sky. Mounting from just a short distance above the horlion to near the smith were stripes of wind driven clouds which, with the dawning of the day, seemed to be • celNtlal stairway mad* up of long, broad step* col* ored In rich red. To the south was a great are* of deep purple which escaped the red tinting th* streamer*; bore and •till farther waa mat ex- Mali, a» af • ao&en pool wjap Ml hfin* Mroff tj* ^^WWPB^I I^^^W wWW»e 9Jf 'VH(0 ata* f a, m. the sky wa* at Hi ••* M* torn the gay cat* E. M. SPARKS Taxpayers Ask: Whafs the Limit On Library Tax Most common question asked by taxpayers concerning the upcoming vote on the library proposition is, "How much tax could be assessed for the library?" In answer to this and other questions, the following is reprint' ed from Telegraph items of the last few weeks: According to a statement of Assessor James P. Gorman before the City Council recently, "On our present equalized valuation, the maximum library tax rate would produce about $105,126. This means that, if a property owner was paying $100 in taxes, the amount would be increased to $107.20." City Counsellor Durr has stated it would be possible to vote, bonds for building a library and has salt! in his opinion it would also be valid to use current funds for building. Last Oct. 26, the council adopted an ordinance to establish a library and authorize the mayor to appoint a board ' of library directors. The board has not been named. If the ordinance is to become effective, a tax nrust be levied to support the library. Another common question asked concerning the library proposition is: "What will the taxpayer receive in return for the taxes he pays?" The answer to that question will be up to the as yet-unnamed library board. Suggestions by a state library representative include the possibility of establishing reading rooms' throughout the city with circulating groups of books d periodicals -in each one. Ali these reading rooms might be sub-libraries to a principal central library. The library proposition ("Shall a public library and reading room be established in the City of Alton?) has the endorsement of social and civic groups, including public school officials and the Alton Ministerial Association. The movement is led by the Greater Alton Association of Commerce. It is impossible under the endowment setup of the Jennie D. Hayner library at the present time to merge the Hayner library with a publicly-supported institution. State Asks for Death Penalty For Hawkins JERSEYVILLE, Jan. 20.—(Speal.) — The state asked the death icnalty for Lenard Hawkins, when State's Attorney Alvin concluded his argument to the jury in Cir cuit Court at noon today. Hawkins s on trial for murder, in the death of Albert Earl Clark of Boise City, Okla., last Oct. 5. Court then recessed until 1:15, when (he jury will receive instruc- ions. Then the case will be given q the jury. JERSEYVILLE, "Jan. 20. (Special). — The case of Lenard ffawkins, charged with the murder of Albert Earl Clark, was expected o go to the jury in Circuit Court his afternoon. Testimony was completed Thursday, and closing arguments were to be made this morning. Much of Thursday's session was occupied by direct testimony of Hawkins, which had started Wednesday afternoon, and his cross examination by the state. Hawkins denied statements given in Texas and to Illinois authorities.. Much of his story, however, continued along the line of the Texas state' ment regarding the movements of himself and Clark enroute to Illinois after leaving Clayton, N. M., Oct. 3. He adhered to the story of their picking up a girl by the name of Mildred Lason at a crossroad restaurant -between Booneville and Marshall Junction, Mo. , He testified that coercion and hreats of physical force had been used by authorities in Texas and lllnoli in obtaining the two statements admitted in evidence against him. Both Texas and Illinois au- horities had testified that neither orce nor coercion had been used, During cross-examination, a reenactment of the shooting as Hawkins had described it, was taged for the jury by >Petitt and Villlam Abernathy of the Illinois Bureau of Criminal Identification. Croat Examination Hawkins repeated on cross-ex- mination his statement given on Jrect testimony of the events eading up to the fatal shooting in thf car. In support of his testimony he jjaid Clark was right- landed, tb|t he had seen the let- UT pitch ball and write right- anded. ' A number of witnesses were call. Caailsuud M fmmm KX^^^I^^NI^^* <WB 9 VQ^r Polling Places To Open at 6 for Vote on Library Will Close at 5, Saturday -Advisory Referendum On Question Whether the people of Alton want a public library and reading room will be decided at the polls Saturday between the hours of 6 a. m. and 5 p. m., at all regular polling places. Booths have been set up, ballots delivered, and workers assigned. A spokesman for the Greater Alton Association of Commerce, sponsors of the public policy referendum, which is strictly advisory to the City Council, said this morning a "healthy" vote is anticipated. Frank H. King, chairman of the GAAC civic improvements department, stated that a roundup of civic, service, social and religious leaders of the city indicates that all organizations are pushing for their members to vote in favor of the library. Mrs. William Newberry, president, of the League of Women Voters, has announced that rides to the polls will be furnished by volunteer League workers. Voters seeking free transportation to the polls, she said, should call one of these three numbers: 3-3714, 2-7180 and 3-7126. All workers at the polls ara volunteers, contributing their services "for the good of the community," Harley Yolton, chairman of the workers' committee stated. "We owe these people a vote of thanks," he told the GAAC, "because they are taking off a busy Saturday to help us bring this issue before the public." Chairman King today issued this statement: "The real issue in this advisory election is for the people of the city to decide if they want a library. Like any other public impjovement it will cost money, in this case the maximum is 1.2 mills, which means in money about $3.20 on an average 550 tax bill. It must be noted, however, that the library board does not have to ask the City Council for the maximum levy, as the board need ask money only for* its immediate needs. Tho matter of a library board is in the hands-of the mayor who makes such appointment and we have, been udvised by him that when the board is appointed it will be composed, of outstanding and publiq-spirited citizens, who serve •without pay. 1 ' "Due to the fact that there has been no organized opposition to the library, many folks %yill feel there. Is no need to vote. However, the City Council will probably feel that a light vote will not be indicative of how the people feel about establishing the project," the GAAC spokesman warned. Returns of the vote will be compiled at the office of City Clerk Price. Judges will' take the ballots there, and will report the results to the clerk's office. Carbondale Man Opposes Nickell SPRINGFIELD, Jan. 20 <JP> — A Carbondale school teacher has filed primary petitions as a Republican candidate for state school su^- perintendent against Vernon L. Nickell who Is seeking reelection. Clyde F. Burgess, a school teacher for 29 years, filed his petitions here yesterday. He was an unsuccessful candidate for school superintendent in 1934. Nickell is bidding for a third term. Other filings yesterday Included: State Senator 39th District. Dem.—Clyde E. Mitchell, LaSalle. 51st: Dem.—Glen D. Tennyson, Dahlgren. Representatives in General Assembly 10th District. Dem. — Leslie F. Tyler, Rochelle. 20th: Rep.—Orval P. Ryan, Ashkum. 37th: Rep.—Milo L. Craig, Kewanee. ' 38th: Dem.—Dr. Frank A. Stewart, Glrard. Rep.—Ray H. Roll, Cajrollton. 39th: Dem.—Leo Dordan, Streator; Perle K. Norman, Ottawa. 43rd: Dem. — Leo A. Cronin, Galesburg. State Central Conunitteemuii 10th District. Rep.—Vernon R. Forgue, Maywood. 13th: Rep.—Norman E. Jacobson, Franklin Park. In the 16th District, H. W. Meisenhelder of Pontiac withdrew as a Republican for representative in the General Assembly. Philoaophy Group In Art Discussion An Informal meeting of a group of persons interested in discussing philosophy was held Thursday night at the home of the Rev. John GUI. The group continued Its study of "Philosophy in a New Key" with the discussion led by William Newberry. The discussion dealt primarily with art as knowledge, a subject upon which several members of the group disagreed with the book. The group will meet again Feb. 2 at Rev. Gill's home at which the present project will bu completed. new project will deal with definitions used in philosophic discussion* i City'»Ga» Tax Refund at New High in 1949 Reflecting the Increased usage of motor-vehicles in Illinois last year, Alton's share in the state- collected motor fuel tax increased to a new high of $79,656 during 1949. The 1949 figure Is an Increase of 5215S over the 1948 total of $77,498, the previous top figure. Notice of. the December alloca tlon of $6951.36 in motor fuel tax to Alton was received today by Clerk Price, and made it pos* slble cast, up B total for the year. June was the banner month for the city In its share of the "gas tax" with an allocation of $8064.92. It was the first month when the city's allotment ever exceeded $8000. The motor fuel tax law was enacted in 1929, and hence 1949 was the twentieth year In which Alton received an apportionment of the receipts. Gas taxes may be expended by municipalities for maintenance and improvement of arterial and state aid streets when plans and appropriations are approved by the Division of Highways. In late years, Alton has used much of the gas tax money to resurface old pavements, but also has employed a considerable sum annually for maintenance of earth streets with oil. Most of the resurfacing has been done by "black-topping," but in one instance, the College avenue Improvement, resurfacing was with concrete because the old pavement was In too worn condi tion to be rejuvenated with a bituminous top. One-third of the distributable receipts from the gas tax go to the municipalities of the state which share in proportion to their respective populations as shown in federal census returns. Alton gained but little in population by the last census, hence gained little if anything in gas tax by the decennial enumeration. Its gain in MFT money thus has come almost solely from the general'in- crease in the collected tax. The city is expected to show considerable growth by the census this year, hence may be in line for a greater share in the motor fuel tax. However, it is possible that the legislature may make a change in the plan of apportionment of MFT funds to municipalities. Such a change was proposed at the last, legislative session hut was unenacted. Gas taxes fell off sharply in the War II years when motoring was restricted. The pre-war top allocation to Alton was $68,292 in 1941. Not: until 1947 was this i figure exceeded, total for that year being $68,776. Farm Meeting Set for Tuesday At Edwardsville EDWARDSVILLE, Jan. 20 — The farm outlook for 1950 will be discussed at a meeting scheduled for 1:30 p. m. next Tuesday, Jan. 24, at the courthouse here, Farm Adviser T. W. May has announced. Prospects for the* coming year and recommendations for planning the farm business are to be discussed by L. H. Simerl of the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Illinois. The meeting is planned to give "farmers information helpful in making their farm business more profitable and efficient in 1950. All farmers and others interested in farm operations are invited to attend, May said. Walpole Bank Cloned McLEANSBORO, Jan. 20, UP) — Closure of the 40-year-old Walpole State Bank at nearby Walpole has been announced by its president, George W. Hogan, jr. U.S. Threatens DiploiiiaticSplit With Bulgaria •HH^^U^^^B^L^^M Demands Sofia Recall of American Envoy Be Rescinded WASHINGTON, Jan. 20, WPl— The United States threatened today to break diplomatic relations with Bulgaria unless-that Communist, country withdraws its demands for the recall' of American Minister Donald R. Heath from Sofia. An American then replying to the Bulgarian recall request was ordered delivered to the Bulgarian government in Sofia. It was also handed to Dr. Peter Voutov, rank; ing Bulgarian diplomat here. The note described the demand for Heath's recall as simply the latest of a "scries of indignities and restrictions" which have made it virtually impossible for the U. S. diplomatic mission in Sofia to carry on its duties. Tlip American note added: "Accordingly, unless the Bulgarian government withdraws its note of Jan. 19 and demonstrates its willingness to observe estab' lished international standards of conduct, the United States government must conclude that the Bulgarian government does not desire to maintain normal relations. "In these circumstances the United States government will be obliged to withdraw the United States diplomatic mission from Bulgaria and ask for the recall of the Bulgarian diplomatic mission from the United States." Those threatened actions of the American government would constitute a break of diplomatic relations. The Bulgarian note of Jan. 19 was the demand for Heath's recall. It was handed to the State Department late yesterday by Dr. Voutov, the Bulgarian charge d'affaires here. Bulgaria and the U. S. have been at. odds since the Sofia government sprang up behind the iron curtain in early postwar days. The U. S. has backed several charges in the United Nations that Bulgaria gave haven and support to guerrilla forces warring against Greece. The United States and Britain have charged that Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary have violated their peace treaty guarantees of fundamental human rights. Bulgaria said last night r th'c International court of justice at The Hague was not empowered to delve into these charges. Romania and Hungary already have taken a similar position. Heath's name was mentioned in the treason trial at Sofia of former Bulgarian deputy Premier Traicho Kostov. Rostov was hanged after being found guilty of conspiring with American, British and Yugoslavian representatives to make Bulgaria a vassal of Yugoslavia. The Indictment for the trial quoted Rostov as having said in a pre-trial confession that Heath had told him in 1947 that the Americans had an agreement with Yugoslav Premier Marshal Tito. Heath has denied ho ever met Kostov. Bulgarian newspapers began a bitter campaign against Heath. The U. S. fired a hot note that carried an implied threat to break off diplomatic relations. „ Undersecretary of State Webb charged that American legation officials had been subjected to indignities, restrictions and false charges. In his statement, Webb ques tioned "the Bulgarian govern ment's intentions with the respect LO the maintenance of normal relations between the two countries." Bulgaria responded by objecting to the "very strong language" 1 of the United States' note. Senate Labor Group Invites Lewis to Testify on Resolution Coplon. Soviet Engineer Must Stand Trial NEW YORK, Jan. 20. <*n—Fed- cral Judge Sylvester J. Ryan ruled today that Judith Coplon and Valentin A. Gubltchev must stand trial on spy conspiracy charges. The ruling same after six weeks of hearings through which the brunet ex-government girl and the Soviet, engineer sought to get the" indictment against them dismissed. , Ryan denied defense motions to throw out the charge on the ground that the government's case depended' solely on wiretap evidence. The judge ordered that the trial beuin next Tuesday. The defense was granted permission to renew its motions after the trial begins. Miss Coplon, 28, already has been convicted in Washington of stealing secret government, papers tot the Russians. She was sentenced to 40 months to 10 years in prison, but is free on bail pending appeal. Now she must stand trial with Gubitclw, a suspended employe of the United Nations, on charges of conspiring to steal the papers. Both were arrested March 4, 1949, after a cloak-and-dagger pursuit by FBI agents through the streets of New York. Throughout the hearings before Judge Ryan their lawyers contended that wire-tapping is illegal and that, information obtained In that manner cannot be used as evidence in a federal court. They contended that the FBI obtained all its evidence by tapping wires. Ryan said in his ruling, however: "The government has shown to my satisfaction that it does have independent, proof of the facts obtained by telephone and microphone interceptions." The judge said much of this Independent proof depends on the testimony of William E. Foley, chief of the internal security and foreign agents registration sections of the Justice Department. Foley formerly was Miss Coplon's boss. Reds in Europe Blocked byDraft, Johnson Says WASHINGTON, Jan. 20 «P> The Senate Labor Committee decided today to Invite John L. Lewis to testify on a tesolutlon asking President Truman to Invoke the Tan-Hartley law to restore full coal production. Chairman Elbert D< Thomas (D- Utah) said the United Mine Workers chief would be welcome to appear next Wednesday "if he wants to be heard." The resolution asking Mr. Truman to use the national emergency provisions of the Taft-Hartley law Is sponsored by eight Republican senators, including Sen. Taft (R'-Ohlo), co-author of the act. Thf committee acted amid reports that mine owners are planning to hold back payments to the miner's welfare fund. A UMW official called it a move to force a full-scale strike. Thomas Kennedy, vice-president of the United Mine Workers, said the mine owners would like to goad UMW members into n walkout. Their purpose, as he saw It: To build up the government's case for an Injunction against the union and to push President Truman into acting under the Tatt-Hartlcy law. "This is an effort for further harassment of the mine workers to create additional unrest and to make it difficult, for the miners to keep at work," he said. Reports that the operators were planning to skip their monthly monthly royalty payment to the UMW welfare fund were given support by an Indiana mine owner who said: "1 • expect the refusal to pay to be 100 percent in the (Indiana) district." This operator, who asked to remain .anonymous, >-aid he didn't know, when asked iC the new move might pits. Angry Miners Balk at Retain To 3-Day Week, Ignore Lewis Tension Mounts in Fields; Coal Shortage Critical In Some Cities keep miners out of the WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. <& — Defense Secretary Johnson asserted today that the draft act was one of the decisive factors In slopping the spread of Communism in Europe. Pleading lor extension of the law now due to expire next June, Johnson told the House Armed Services Committee: If the 400,000 soft coal minvs refuse to work as a result of the threatened operator action, It might force Mr. Truman to use the, Taft-Hartley 80-day emergency provision. Most of the miners are now on a three-day week ordered by Lewis, but many are staying away from work entirely. It was disclosed last night that Lewis has been served with summonses in damages suits seeking nearly $9,000,000 from him, the UMW and other union officers. The suits were filed two weeks ago in Ohio by coal companies asking compensation for tonnage lost through work stoppages. The action was taken under an Ohio law which permits payments of double damages to parties who can prove injury by combinations which limit the., production of coal or other commodities, or affect their price. Vote of House On Korean Aid WASHINGTON, Jan. 20 Wl — Here is the way the following Midwest representatives voted yesterday when the House defeat' "Termination of selective service «*, • bm *° r continued economic aid to the South Korean republic: could, well be interpreted abroad as an indication that this country docs not consider the international situation as serious as previous arguments in favor of the foreign military aid program and the North Atlantic pact indicated." He said the law is a prop to Illinois: Democrats for— 'Buckley, Cliesney, Dawson,. Gordon, Gorski, Llnehan, Mack, O'Brien, O'Hara, Price, Sabath, Yates. Republicans for—None. Republicans against — Allen, Arends, Blsop, Chiperfield, Church, Hoffman, Jenison, Jonas, Mason, McMillen, greatest tion to protect that peace. I paired against. Wisconsin: Democrats for-Bie- On 60-Day Leave Dennis Flinn, Altonian With US Legation in Sweden, Visits Here Dennis Flinn, formerly of Alton and second secretary In the-diplomatic service at the American Embassy, Stockholm, Sweden, today renewed old acquaintances as he visited Alton, accompanied by his wife, the former Audra Evans, and their two children, Timothy, 10, and Patrick, 7. Flinn, a graduate of Alton High School and the American University at Washington, D. C., began his career as an FBI man In 1934 and resigned in 1946 to accept a position in the' State Department. He subsequently passed a foreign _ _ service examination which' qualified him for service abroad. "I was assigned to Stockholm In 1947 and in the Interim have also worked in Finland," Flinn said in an interview today. "The work In the embassy is more or lets political," he said. "It entails reporting on the political situation In Sweden and relations with Swedish government officials." Flinn remarked he didn't ."always" have the idea of working in the diplomatic service but admitted, "... of course, I've had the idea for a few years. "Sweden is a beautiful country of forests and lakes," he said, 'with its capital city of Stockholm at about 60 degrees north latitude —equally as far north as Alaska and Greenland. The climate Is pretty rugged. You get very short days in the winter and very long days In the summer. In summer it's daylight all night." Flinn said he doesn't speak Swedish fluently but he can understand simple conversations in the language and can read it. Children Speak Fluently "My children go to Swedish school," he reported, "and they speak Swedish as well as the natives. They learned the language in three months." Flinn said his wife and himself have little opportunity to learn Swedish because the Swedes they come In contact with speak English "and they want to use us to improve their English." "The Swedes admire the U. S.," Flynn stated. "English is the second language of the country. All school children at the fifth grade must begin to learn English. The Swedish government policy Is one of neutrality and this has been the policy In the last two world wars." At the present time, Sweden is right in the middle (geographically) of the two opposed ideologies of the world, Soviet Russls'a and the Atlantic pact countries'. "As time goes on, if world tensions continue, Sweden's position is go- Ing to be more and more difficult," Flinn commented. The Flinn family arrived In the U. S. by plane in mid-December, on 60-day leave. They will leave Continued an Page I, Col. *. linie draft act. in 1948 "came as a thunderous shock to the men of the Politburo." He credited It I with boosting morale of the free j nations of Europe, and helping lead Italy to vote down Commun-' tJlVi'irf"^^ !«.„ i_ ICIAO * i Mouiaer, ray, O'Konski, Smith. Missouri : !.,„ In « '• Democrats for — Boll- S^U H l»l.M Sullivan" ' ism in 1948. Presenting arguments from the ; purely American military view- agalflst—Short, Indiana: Democrats for—Crook, Denton, Kruse, Madden, Noland, PITTSBURGH, Jan. 20. Thousands of angry soft coal Ifrflt* ers are refusing to go back to work Monday on a three-day work week. Large groups of diggers In West Virginia and Pennsylvania art leading the fight to stay home, They are among 90,000 United Mine Workers in seven states who ignored John L. Lewis' suggestion they return to the pits last. MM* day. Tension Is mounting hourly la the coal fields. Miners were open* ly rebellious at meetings in West Virginia and Pennsylvania yesterday. They shouted down leaden who urged that they obey Lewis. One UWM leader in Pennsylvania hurried to his auto after ft meeting broke up in wild disorder. He was surrounded by several officials. More than "2000 miners milled about. The only bright spot in the darkening picture came from UMW District No. 5 at Pittsburgh. John P. Busarello, the district president, says he's hopeful most of his 27,000 men will be back la the pits Monday. A coal hungry nation is watching the titanic struggle between Lewis and the coal operators who are refusing to bow to his, demands. He wants a 95-cent-antlay increase for his miners now making a basic wage of $14.05. And he wants the royalty payments to his welfare and pension fund Increased from 20 to 30 cents a ton. The defian.ce of the West Virginia and Pennsylvania miner! came as a nationwide survey show* ed that coal supplies are dwindling rapidly. In some areas the situation is growing critical. The Southern Coal Producers* Association, in its most recent statement, said about 22,000,000 tons of soft coal 'was above ground. That's the lowest in' 15 years. .. The situation has forced rationing In some cities. Pittsburgh, the coal and steel capital, resorted Ito such measujas " " iy. Chicago fell fnto ifmlpthen Cleveland declared a coal. emergency yesterday,. The Ohfo city's stockpiles were opened to the public;"" President Truman'says no emergency exists. While Lewis is silent, his field lieutenants are going through the coal fields in what they say is an all-out effort to - get the miners back in the pits. Scores of UMW locals will .meet during the weekend to act on their leaders' re-.. quests. • • . ;7- In West Virginia and southwest* ern Pennsylvania, the sentiment of the rank and file was bitter yesterday. Angry shouts were heart at Brownsville, Pa., where about 1000 miners attended a meeting of District No. 4. "We starve on the three-day work week. We might as well starve with no work until we get a contract." • '>'; At Monongah, W. Va., some. 1500 miners left little doubt they're III favor of a showdown by remaining on strike indefinitely. With loud shouts they roared down, • a proposal to resume digging Monday. point, Johnson said that: 1. Continued existence of a draft law "would be a precious saving j cans ag ainst-HaUeck, in time it an emergency should | n arv ey, Wilson. Walsh. Democrats against—Jacobs. Republicans for—None. Republl- Harden, re-quire the return to inductions." . Iowa: Republicang £or _. None . 2. Extension of the draft act I Republicans against — Cunning- would cost $4,000000 and main- j hU.Dolliver. Gross, HoeveTu- tenance of records required to compto, Martin. Talle. keep the system running would cost another $6,700,000. 3. "From a short range point of view selective service Is required as a guarantee against the strengUi of the armed forces fall- Ing dangerously below that needed to maintain an adequate military posture." 4. Extension of the law would "materially assist the maintenance of strong reserve forces." U. 8. Vatican Office Cloved ROME, Jan. 20. <£»)—The office maintained here by President Truman's personal representative to the Vatican—a semi-diplomatic post vacated Wednesday by the resignation of Myron C. Taylor- has been closed. Franklin C. Gowen, State Department career diplomat who had served as Taylor's assistant, said today he had been recalled to Washington for consultation. Center o/DogPopulation Put at Decatur, III. NEW YORK, Jan. 20. <*1- The center of the dog population of the United State* to somewhere In the vicinity of Decatur, III., the Gaines Dog Research Center said today. This is somewhat north and west of the expected center of the human population in the 1950 census. Figures compiled by the center Indicate the dog population now Is at an all-time high ot 22,000,000. The estimated human population is 150,000,000. Confident of U. 8. Aid SEOUL, Jan. 20. UP) — President Syngman Rhee said today he was confident the United States will continue economic aid to Korea. The U. S. House yesterday refused to grant further aid to the republic. Korea is the "only country in Asia today which is determinedly, wholeheartedly and daily fighting Rhee said. off" Communism, Jap Heds Admit Errors TOKYO, Jan. 20. UPt — Japan's Communists today shed their cloak of defiance and bowed low to their critics in the Comlnform and Russia. Their central committee issued a statement admitting errors. as charged by the Comlnform Journal of Bucharest Jan. 7. That organ of international Communism had blasted away at Red leader Sanso Noiaka. Weather Mostly cloudy and warmtr this afUrnoon, tonicM and Saturday. Hifhattloday war 40, lowest Saturday morning atat 30, hifhtit in •Htrnoon about 45; rathor windy Saturday. Shippon' foracut: North II to 22, aait 20 to 24, 26 ta 10 w«tt and Murk. Hla't? 4KD*»« Fall MS It Tall water 406.71, Family of 5 Wiped Out *„ By Fire at Woodstock; WOODSTOCK", Jan; 20. OP»—A family of five perished in a fir* which swept their small home near here early today, Sheriff Fred Baa said. • . ,•/*.. The dead were Ralph Bchmitfj 49, his wife, Inez, 36, and their three children, James 7; Laverne, 5, John, 2. The home was the box bed of a converted milk truck, Into two small room's. partitioned There waa a tar paper addition which hous*£ the family automobile. The hottao was west of Woodstock. '•* All were trapped In the flamef when the stove apparently explod* ed. Erick Akerberg, who U' across the road, said he heard blast but that when he reached the scene the house was a maw of flames. The Woodstock rujaj fire department was summoned, but was unable to aid, .•'!,. Schmltz had just returned fro* the late shift In a chemical plant at nearby Rlngwood, where ,n> was a plant guard. Fire Chief Lea Merwin said It appeared that Schmtta probably had stirred thf fire shortly before the exploalgiL He was undressing when the bltft occurred. The other four members of thf family apparently were aalMp I* their bunks, and didn't even |ef> chance to aria* from their •—•--" Ion. Condition of Newwaiw Burned at DETROIT, condition of newspaperman colm W. Blngay. IB, m "critical" today. Blngay, « director of the Oetrail |ira« wait bwned In an axpk^ „ lighted coffee-brandy brew'a| AFfc union banquet night.