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Telegraph Wednesday, Sept. 13, 1972 ditorials Heading off ghettoes One more of those questions that may answer until after the November ejection Was left hanging today. Illinois Superintendent of Public In- function notified the Alton District in February With 12 other Districts and eight Tuesday —that they were falling short of his 15 per cent facial ratio yardstick for individual schools. Bakalis some months ago — notified Alton District it must integrate its schools racially on the basis of a 15 per cent maximum variation between the ratios in the schools and the total district's ratio. This was before the U.S. Supreme Court returned its latest decision crippling efforts to expand some Southern districts into surrounding areas with a view to evening up the racial ratio through busing programs. Meanwhile, Congress also has been hard at work on legislation that sets more definite lines for interracial interchange between schools. Perhaps a further factor to be considered locally is the heat in last April's school board election over the busing issue. Part of residential integration's solution, What YOU think: Passing the buck We think about. . . School integration Corps attitudes after all, rests in school integration. And that is what America — and Alton — need to aim for if wo are to head off racial ghettoes like we've never seen before, with far worse problems than we've ever experienced. Meanwhile, Supt. Bakalis again announces 1 h a 1 he has adjudged Alton deficient in ils integration program (even the one provided him). Bakalis probably will never have to run for re-election again under Hie new Illinois constitution. But finding a political motive behind his judgment might prove quite devious — a:-: devious as doing his share to turning a sharp spotlight on the integration issue. The school board, understandably, feels insecure in trying to go any further than it has gone in view of actions at the federal level. Here we have an illustration of Ihe confusion over the integration problem vv h i c h these new federal moves have caused. However, some rulings at this higher level were needed to relieve confusion at the local levels. Our Alton area problem certainly needs a better solution than apparently has been reached to date through a neighborhood school district program. It is regrettable that the delays set in at the current stage of progress toward solution. Slight changes noted Refreshing news for the anti-L-15 levee forces comes from a report that the Corps of Engineers attitude may be changing from that of a beaverlike builder to a more conservation and ecology minded body. From the same Kansas City District office that is supervising the studies in connection with a proposed levee around the flood plain where the Illinois, Mississippi, and Missouri Rivers come together comes a recommendation for flood plain zoning instead of a clam on the Osage River in Missouri. However, the Corps posture is changing only slightly since it still is pushing for dams further upstream on the Osage. Home conservationists, however, who have been sharply critical of the Corps see a change in attitude as a result of the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act requiring that statements be prepared on the environmental impact of federal projects. Full, comprehensive studies of potential ecological disruption are the goal of anti-levee groups. The problem remains that the Corps may make its own study, supposedly including citizen input, and move ahead on its project. Interest of Illinois Gov. Ogilvie, and the potential damage to Illinois public works and communities will require that a thorough examination be made. If the Corps is changing, chances are stronger that flood plain zoning and a mixed bag of land uses would be recommended for St. Charles County. However, the St. Charles County and zoning boards will hold the key to such regulations regardless of Corps projects. Tartly salary action The unfortunate factor in state legislation to regulate salaries of locally elected officials is that in some counties it can always be arranged to set the rate at the top limit. Madison happens to be one of those counties. So, because the Illinois General Assembly acted anew to adjust upward the maximum paychecks of certain county officials, they're on their way to getting the most possible. A new pay schedule ordinance was given firs'! reading in County Board Tuesday. We can justify the new statutory salary of $32,000 a year for stale's attorney — a hike of $10,000 from the current level. But. $4,000 increases were authorized for county auditor, circuit clerk, recorder of deeds, and coroner. The current salary level for these offices are $15,000. County board action on these salary raises would be poorly timed. It should have been taken well before last spring's primaries as a possible means of drawing more and perhaps better qualified candidates into Ihe field. Currently, candidates are locked up tight, limited to those nominated last. April. Particularly sensitive to this problem would be the post of state's attorney, whose proposed $10,000 raise might well have attracted more seekers. , PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY 'Those treacherous., murdering, infidel barbarians ClJPrrillas POlirt are shooting back! 9 The $60,000 plan to do away with the odor of the impoundment is only a convenient way for the population of Alton to forget about the pollution which is dumped Into the river. It will by no means stop the problem. What will happen when the river smells as bad as the impoundment does? If the money can be used to build a pump, why can't it go toward a system that would clean up this effluent LESLIE MADSON Mullen Lane Godfrey A shattered dream The world has lived on to the end. For dreams people can pursue a dream to the end. For drams fulfilled are always disappointing. All one winter I read of a promised, land in Mexico on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and then I packed my car with-'-a.'record player and my most cherished possessions and bid farewell to customs men at Laredo, Tex. I stored the car temporarily In Mexico City and proceeded far south into this land. After reaching Txtepec, I hired a' car to carry me through the mesquite into this paradise where the ladies owned the land and wore gold coins around their necks. At my destination I found— ts promised — a well- appointed little hotel built around a courtyard, and the tariff was extremely low. I knew a little of Mexico from previous visits and noted the source of the little town's domestic water supply. It was a large box sunk into the ground a few yards from the river where people dipped in to fill their jugs, jars, and cans to supply the daily needs at home.. They ignored all the pig tracks made around the box each night as they slept. I wasn't the only one at the hotel to discover this paradise. There was one little guy with a trunkful of frothy underthings who tried his' charms on the chambermaids. There was one from New York with a stack of travelers' checks, and a young California professor What YOU think: The Telegraph welcome* prooe expressions of its readers' own opinions of What YOU think. Writers' names •ad addreMet must be pub- lithed Witt their letters. <^>a- trtbHttOM should be eoni-be, preferably not exceeding iso word* nod »re subject to condensation. who spoke Spanish. It wasn't exactly what I wanted, and I soon started back north. But before I reached the Texas border, I met each of my former friends at the hotel. I suppose by that time there was a whole new crop of wishful thinkers bedded down in the nice little hotel. H. A. STECKER 80 E. Elm St. Nixon thinks he can't afford clean campaign By Carl T. Rowan WASHINGTON-If we can believe the polls, Richard M. Nixon is certain to get his lease on the White House extended for four more years. But the President's Cc.m- paign tactics suggest that he is running scared, fearing a surprise eviction notice on Nov. 7. If Mr. Nixon had re,»l confidence in that 34- percentage-point lead -he Gallup poll gives him, he could run a compassiona'e, high—minded c a m p a i g n which might give Americans a badly-needed sense of unify. But the President is appealing to the greed, tne narrowness, the meanness of workers, suburbanites, whites, in a way that must surely intensify the fears and hatreds which are robbing this nation of its greatness. Mr. Nixon either does this out of political uneasiness, which is bad, or because he personally feels the narrow, cruel viewpoints he espouse.* The President was play;ng to a persecution complex o.i the part of workers when lie said in his Labor Day radio address that the choice is between "those who belie-"? in the 'good life' under th? work ethic and those w'io vainly seek the 'easy life' under the welfare ethic." What callous cynicism! Let us first note that ?h ; s President who campaigns against the "welfare ethic" is the same one who proposes a "welfare reform" measure which would double the number of Americans on welfare and establish a guaranteed minimum income for them. And he says that this welfare reform legislation has top priority on his list. What is this double-talk? Ts the President saying, "We're going to give them this handout and then enjoy hating them?" How does Mr. Nixon justify this to the five million Americans who worship Ihe "work ethic" but can't fi.id jobs under his economic policies? How does he explain this supercilious attitude ro the 300,000 or so families th<:t have been added to the roils of the impoverished during his administration? How does he talk "work ethic" to people who might be working today if he had not vetoed measures, passed by hirut margins in Congress, to « ; \'e the unemployed jobs do-'n.e many of the public services so badly needed in thi? society? Anyone will resent pa\ins taxes to support an able- bodied boozing bum. But why can't our officials tell the people the truth: such shiftless free-loaders are rare on our welfare rolls. Mr. Nixon knows that thpr* is no such thing as an "easy life" on welfare. Under the best of circumstances, i» is living at a subsistence level, often in hunger, sickness and degradation. Most Americ-ms on welfare would gladly trade places with those who woik in pride, health and happiness, and it is generally Ihe cruelties of fate (the blind, the crippled, the helpless child, those disabled by age) or past deprivations and discriminations that make this impossible for them. If this "hate the poor" campaign was a little sickening, the President'.': renewed appeal to passions over busing was plain frightening. It showed ihe White House so determined to wipe out the judicial brairh as a force in achieving rarr-l justice that Mr. Nixon resorted to an attack on one of his own Southern strict constructionist appointees. Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr., a Virginia gentleman, had r e f u s c d to delay a desegregation plan ordering busing in Augusta, Ga. Powell had found that the plan wa>> not to achieve "racial balance," but was directed at ending illegal segregation which violated the constitutional rights of blddt children. But this honest, straightforward ruling angered Mr. Nixon, or his speechwriter, and it prodded the President into remarks making it manifestly clear that he is against busing to correct injustice, and that old bugaboo of "racial balance" is just a convenient emotion-rouser. "The Powell decision leaves no doubt whatever that only the antibusing legislation I have proposed will do rhe job," Mr. Nixon said. Let us set aside the obvious arrogance of an ex-'.awyer President impugning the judgment of a distinguished jurist whom he regarded highly enough to name to the nation's highest tribunal. Let us ignore the power-hungry implications of a President saying: Even the ones I appoint won't follow my lead, so we'll have to corral 'em with legislation. Lawyer Nixon surely knows that Congress can pass legislation till doomsday, but if it deprives those kids i:i Augusta of their constitutional rights, Powell and his colleagues are going to declare the legislation unconstitutional. WASHINGTON-The Palestinian guerrillas have deliberately sought to provoke Israeli reprisals against Lebanon, in the opinion of U. S. Ambassador Bill Buffum in Beirut, in order to create "an illusion of activity" and to encourage "the continued flow of subsidies from the rest of the Arab world." Their forces, never a serious threat to Israel, have been in disarray since King Hussein drove them out of Jordan in September, 1970. Now congregated largely in Lebanon, they draw lightning from Israel and keep the Middle East in ferment. Ambassador Buffum sent the State Department a secret summary a few months ago of what's going on in the guerrilla camps in Lebanon. He reported that "fedayeen strength in South Lebanon, despite continual fluctuations, is now probably higher than at any time in the past" but that "their fighting spirit seems to have remained at low ebb." He told of "The unedlfying spectacle of confusion, dissension and bitterness that pervades the fedayeen leadership" and described "jealousy and disturbances developing between Fatah elements long stationed in South Lebanon and those recently arrived from Jordan and Syria." There have even been gunfights, he reported, between commandos. "As if all this, were not enough," the ambassador added, "the fedayeen have found their main outlet for releasing their frustrations — forays into Israel — blocked almost entirely by security measures undertaken by the Lebanese and Israeli armies." By Jack Anderson He reported that "virtually the only vestige of fedayeen activity aimed against, Israel is the practice of launching time - fused rockets from behind Lebanese army OPs." But he suggested that "Lebanese army patrols arc- now able to find and defuse about 80 per cent of these rockets." The U.S. embassy believes, cabled Buffum, "that current fedayeen activity in South Lebanon is designed to serve two purposes, neither of which has much to do with inflicting injury on Israel. "The first seems to be to create an illusion of activity that will maintain the fedayeen 'mystique' and ensure the continued flow of subsidies from the rest of the Arab world. "The second would appear to be to provoke Israeli retaliation against Lebanese border villages, in the hope of angering the inhabitants and exposing the Lebanese army to charges of 'do- nothingism' in the face of enemy assaults. "Achievement of the first aim seems to have met w.lh only limited succws. While the resistance movement •'•; a whole is certainly not on the verge of bankrup:cy. there are indications that the payment of salaries and allowances to individual fedayeen is seriously in arrears. "As far as the second aim is concerned, its realization seems to have eluded the fedayeen thus far. Bitterness against the Israelis and th? GOL (Government of Lebanon), of course, is widespread in South Lebanon. But the populace has not been slow to realize the main cause of their present difficulties. They are prone to blame the I'edayeen I'm- provoking Israeli retaliation on their crops and houses without even being able to claim the slightest damage to Israel itself." While Buffum discounted any serious fedayeen threat to Israel, he warned: "There still remains for the Lebanese the difficult problem of what, if anything, to do about the growing number of commandos — fi.OOO at last, count and still rising — camped in South Lebanon — who arc supported by an amorphous mass of armed Palestinians in refugee camps throughout the country." Lebanese authorities, he reported, "have not dared to set foot in any of the country's 15 refugee camps for the past two years." The solution Buffum observed that some militant. Arab leader s believe "Lebanese leaders are only biding their time, hoping that future circumstances will permit them to deal with the Palestinian Resistance Movement in the same manner that King Hussein was able to deal with it. "In our view, the Lebanese government intends nothing of the kind. Most of its leaders hope instead that something somehow will happen that will enable the problem to go a w a y and remove the necessity of their having to cope with it." Means available to end reign of terrorism By Roy Cromley W ASHING T 0 N (NEA) Technically, the community of nations has the means to put an end to the type of terrorism responsible for the death of 11 Israeli Olympic- athletes. The vulnerability of this terrorist group is that it is organized. T h e airplane, hijackers common in the United States, and the assassins and would-be assassins of prominent men in this country are a different breed. Though they fall into predictable mentally unbalanced patterns, there is no way to trace in advance what any one of tens of thousands of unorganized potential killers and hijackers might do. But we already know the terrorists at Munich were organized, and part of an international association. This fact of organization is their strength. It is also their weakness. An organization can be infiltrated. Skilled intelligence men can gather data on its chain of command and leadership — its order of battle. Its messages can be captured and decoded. Its patterns of operation can be catalogued and predicted, its "troops" identified. Several things are clear. This terrorist organization and those allied to it have funds. They have protectors in high places. The sources of these funds can be discovered. The connections with terrorist groups in other countries can be ferreted out. The protectors can be tracked down. These techniques are well known in military intelligence. They are slowly being adopted in the international war on heroin and other drugs. In dealing with dope the problems are a thousand times greater because of the numbers of operators involved — agricultural producers, transporters, manufacturers, pushers—and the enormous profits to be made, with heavy pay-offs practical. Yet in the 'short time the technically correct methods have been employed, the 'international antidrug operation has had some small but highly significant successes. The terrorist movement with which we are dealing in this ease is considerably smaller. Ils resources do not compare with those in the international drug trade. It does not have the fat w o r 1 d w i d t . i n t r i c a t e organi/a'iioii with leadership in depth. T " sum up: The world community has the experts and Ihe expertise. The costs would no! bo astronomical. All that is necessary now is the will. There could in fact be great side effects. It might be that '» cooperating on t|,j s problem the door might be opened a little toward a partial settlement in the Middle East. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago SEPTEMBER 13, 1947 seven injured in an automobile collision 00 Rtfi. m ttmee miles east of Wood River were flve Altoniani: William Coalman, David Milter, AI-- tfeur Taylor, Berate Uttle and John Taylor. Ifo? first tferee-colunin telephone book and largest t& (ft? history of the area was being distributed by $i nUBOlfi Bell Telephone Co., and included 65 page; .flf MOM* aaU 123 pages of classified advertise Mdttrttaa. VPRHV iW^W^p^" largest tow in tonnage ever carried on the river, pushed by the Uuck Finn, was DP M *ifbt barges carrying 19,000 to-i.,, ** tiW MM Terminal docks in Alton. All barges were to be delivered to ihe Minneapolis-Si. Paul area. Gov. Dwight Green named persons to the three commissions created by the 1947 General Assembly, which included the Missouri-Illinois metropolitan area commission, Paul S. Cousley, assistant general manager of the- Alton Telegraph and Lloyd C. Harris of Granite City to the coal products experimentation group. The new White pumper fire truck was delivered to East Alton by the John Hine Automobile agency. A case of vandalism in Alton was discovered on Saturday iii a church at Elm and Birch streets, ihus giving the parishioners time to obliterate the words from the walls back 01 the pulpit belore Sunday services. Access to the building had been gained through a basement window, the Church of God pastor, Rev. Homer Trick, said. John F. Shea was installed as commander of Alton Post 126 American Legion and Mrs. Bertha Hue. president of its Auxiliary. Building permits issued for a business-residential structure on E. Broadway, $4,000; and for two dwellings, four rooms and bath, Elm street between Birch and Mam-ice, at $5.000 each. 50 years ago SEPTEMBER 13. 1922 Stcretan of Labor Dans announced "virtual'' settlement of the national railroad shopmen's strike on conditions drafted by B. M. Jewell, head of the shop crafts, and Daniel Willard, president of the Baltimore & Ohio on behalf of a lay group of carrier Contention over conditions of re-employment of the strikers was believed resolved in a formula providing for re-employment of those who had not participated in violence, and the adjudication of disputed questions by committees representing the railroads and their employes. Shurtleff College opened for the year with a larger than usual enrollment, and President G. M. Potter predicting 100 new freshmen before the term was out. Rev. Louis Hale of the Delmar Baptist Church, St. Louis, addressed the opening chapel exercises. The evening was marked by a reception in the YMCA and YWCA rooms of the college's library building. Mayor S. G. B. Crawford expressed hope that the next city council meeting would see adoption oi the Brown street paving ordinance, thanks to recognition of low bids made by contractors on the Salu street paying improvement. The mayor said however, that the Augusta slreet pas-ing would be delayed by a change of heart among property owners who had been calling him during the day. Reduction from 88 to 8(5 cents in the county's property tax rate was predicted by County Auditor Louis Bright on the basis of levies passed by the board of supervisors. The tax rate reduction, though small, reflected a five-year program of retrenchment by the county government in ns ..pending and was accomplished despite a shrinkage in assessed valuations. The newly-elected YMCA board of directors chose E. J. Byron their preMdent. (iikon Brown vice president, Dr. J. L. Dickerson recording secretary, and J. J. Beeuy treasurer.