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To Train Engineers for Atomic Power Em- State's 1st Nuclear Reactor Unveiled at Iowa State University, Ames AMKS 'AT' - Iowa's fir^t mi- clear reactor, nil educational tool td train nuelivir engineers for the era of atomic power, was unveiled to public \ ien Thnr.M'lay on the campus of Iowa State t imcrsily The l.'iO-ttin •.trnninm-fnHni tie \ice capable of developing I0.ix>0 \\alts- in the form of heat. ro\er- nenrly 1.000 scjiiare fee! of floor space in an eneineerinq laboratory at Hie uimcrsilv It tost about £170.000 and is the first tcacbinc reactor ol its kind urM of tin- Mississiiipi Hivcr. The Atomic Knergy Commission contributed ?1."A('00 of (lie cost and Hie university the remainder. The reactor went into operation under its own power last Monday and the public showing to newsmen was held Thursday under the direction of Or. Glenn Murphy, chairman of the university's Nuclear Kndnoermg Administratec Committee Mso unveiled was Iowa State's SWO.OOO hich-spoed digital computer, construction of which \vas .Marled in HLMi and given its final (esi last .lime. This machine is capable of solving complicated problems in the physical sciences and engineering fields almost in the bat of an eye. Dr. Murplvy emphasi/ed that the reactor will not be used to develop power for practical purposes but only for instruction of students. However, they can study and measure the power output, conduct research on unclear reactor design and look for possible improvements. The reactor contains about six pounds of fissionable uranium which serves as the fuel that creates beat. The uranium is contained in two rectangular tanks in which cooling water is pumped through a core at. the rate of It gallons a minute. The water removes the heat developed in the core. One of the principal products of the reactor is neutrons—the tiny, rapidly moving particles that are essential in maintaining the chain reaction of the uranium as it re leases engery. "Last year about 35 graduate students were enrolled as majors in nuclear engineering," Dr. Murphy said. "Many more took at least one course in the subject. The reactor will be very useful in giving the students experience in the peacetime applications of nuclear energy." Dr. Murphy said safety was the prime consideration in designing the reactor. The tanks containing the uranium are surrounded by about two feet of graphite to reflect, back part of the radiation The reactor, in turn, is encased in about five feet of concrete for shielding. As a result, when the reactor is operating at full power the radiation that is able to penetrate the shield is only one-tenth of the amount accepted by the Atomic KncTK.v Commission as ping gamma rays can be meas- • neering at Iowa Stale leads lo de-, >ale tor full-time exposure. ured. Different types of concrete gives of master of science and The reactor also is equipped and other shielding materials will doctor of philosophy and is con- \vitli a lank in which the effective- i be studied by the engineers. ducted by Dr. Murphy's commit- if different shields for stop-' The program in nuclear engi- fee. Other members of (he com- Kennan Hits Allied Plans On Germany By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON <AP) — Former ambassador George F. Kennan today described Allied proposals toward Germany as "stilted, cramped and inflexible." He said there is no sign a summit conference will ease dangerous East- West quarrels. The former envoy to Moscow 5n the Truman administration coupled this criticism with a scathing attack on present defense strategy of basing American power on atomic-hydrogen weapons. "This unthinking readiness to wreak destruction on millions of innocent and helpless people for no other purpose than lo assure that the adversary suffers no less than we do," Kennan said, "reflects the hideous sell-centeredness on the part of ourselves as a generation." Kennan, former State Department policy planning chief, spoke out in an address prepared for a Woman's .National Democratic Club luncheon. He quit the department some six years ago to join the Intitule for Advanced Study at Princeton, N.J. Kennan. a frequent critic of administration foreign policy, offered no new proposal for settling the Berlin problem and the dispute with the Soviet Union over Germany's future. But he flayed proposals put forward by the West to safeguard Berlin as nothing more than "a defensive, delaying action" after the Soviet l.'nion demanded that the Allies leave the divided former German capital. The allies in negotiating with the Soviet, lie :,aici, have made it clear they want German unification only on their own terms and thai they are unwilling to pay any .serious price to Die Soviets to achieve this goal. MOVING Local and Nation Wide Storage — Crating — Packing Ph. Day 2540 Ph. Night 2618 Carroll, Iowa John Vonderheiden North American Van Lints, int. Moving Ayentt for Times Herald, Carroll, Thursday, Oct. 22, 1959 . T Jr . u on s. Martin, Jr. and Dr. , can-Standard. 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