Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on October 22, 1959 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 22, 1959
Page 3
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EDITORIAL- Think What Armament Funds Could Provide All free men will hail what President Eisenhower described at Abilene as his dominant aspiration: !o reduce the vast, wasteful armament burden and apply much of the savings to a comprehensive effort to help lift the world's billions to a belter level of living. The terrible sterility of the arms output, has been well remarked by many leading statesmen and diplomats. No one has dared translate info houses, hospitals, roads, city facilities and the like the billions that have gone into weapons of destruction. There is cruel irony in the fact that the military load is most crushing at the moment in history when, largely because of a veritable sunburst in population, the world's civilian needs are mounting hugely. If the great nations stopped producing arms tomorrow, it obviously would require many years — going at a heavy spending pace — to catch up with already existing needs. And each year they grow. * Even the rich United States, which likes to think of itself as a developed nation in contrast to the underdeveloped areas of Asia and Africa, is really only a partly developed country. Its roads are inadequate, its housing insufficient, and so on. The sad thing about Mr. Eisen- Times Herald, Carroll, la. Thursday, Oct. 22. 1959 hower's noble aspiration is that it seems so far from fulfillment. The big barrier, of course is the unlikelihood of effective disarmament which would permit t h e great savings of which he speaks. But beyond that there is another obstacle. Except when we can see sharply its link with our own safety and well being, we do not, readily offer our resources for the aid of other lands. The freeing of billions from use in building up arms would not mean their automatic application to peaceful world betterment. In painful fact, we do not show any great disposition to spend all we need for our own development, let alone for others'. President Eisenhower's dream is one eminently worth tacking up in the sky to shoot for. But it is not even as close as the moon. Thoughts So it will be at the 'close of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous. — Matthew 13:49. Truly at the day of judgment we shall not be examined as to what we have read, but as to what we have done; not as to how well we have spoken, but as to how religiously we have lived. — Thomas a Kempis. Khrushchev Will Hold on Another Four or Five Years By RAY CROMLEY NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) — Put these things down in your notebook about Nikita Khrushchev. In planning for future negotiations with the Soviet Union, these are the lessons learned from the Red ruler's visit. Mr. Khrushchev is getting old and tired. He feels the strain. Physically, he'll probably be able to last in his present job for another four or five years. The next man on the spot may be worse. Mr. K. is very sensitive — can't forget his grandfather was a serf ''who could be traded for a dog." He thinks people, especially Americans, look down on him and the Russians. So he always has a chip on his shoulder. The slightest incident will make him feel he is being laughed at. He gets along better with capitalists and blue bloods than he does with labor union men. He is amazingly quick in sizing up a situation. He's an unexpectedly rapid thinker. He's an adroit politician, who would probably do well in politics in any country. Personally, he seems to like people. But he's a man who operates with cool calculation, regardless of his feelings. He's ruthless. He has a quick temper. But he's not a Hitler to do things in flights of rage. What he does, he does with cold-blooded deliberation. Whether he likes you or doesn't, makes little difference. To Mr. K. communism is like a religion. You can't joke with him about it. lie's very anxious to try to convince Americans that he's respectable — not a "barbarian." He keeps trying to impress people with the idea that he's a differnt kind of a man than Stalin — who I he says, herded people around like sheep. He seems terribly anxious to sell the idea he's bringing back the family in Russia, destroying concentration camps, allowing freedom of religion. Actually, he's a relic of feudalism, used to being the complete boss. He interrupts speakers, jokingly heckles them. But he doesn't like to be heckled himself. He can dish it out, but can't take it. He isn't used to people talking back or disagreeing. Mr. Khrushchev apparently is really worried about a third World War — keeps bringing up the danger of drifting into war by mistake. He seems bothered by the amount of Russia's gross national product he's pouring into arms — about 25 per cent as contrasted with 10 per cent in the United States. He says he could speed development plans if he didn't "have" to do all this arming. On one occasion, Mr. K. "confided" he'd like to work out some way of living with the United States —some sort of world settlement — before some other countries such as "China and India" get too technically advanced. Whether Mr. Khrushchev means these things no one knows. But there is now strong opinion in Washington that he is not completely rigid. There is belief that there are some propositions on which he would give. No one can tell, of course, whether Mr. Khrushchev is telling the truth or not until they try him out with well-planned propositions that have no loopholes for him to slide through. For Mr. K. is a very shrewd bargainer. Very, Very Dandy Printed Pattern mulct Blast Out the Frustration From Your Leisure Hours Do you really enjoy the leisure hours each week that are yours to do with as you please? In a recent survey several hundred persons were asked to list tiie It) leisure-time activities that consumed most of their spare hours. Then these same persons were asked to list the 10 leisure-time activities they most enjoyed. There was no overlapping of the two lists among the hundreds Daily Times Herald n.-illy Except Sundays and Holidays By Tho Herald 1'ubllsliing Company 015 N. Main Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD H. WILSON, Editor Knit-red as second-class matter at the post office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1870. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press Is entitled pM'lusivelv to the use for republics- lion of ail tlio local news printed in (hi:, newspaper us well as all AP dls- patches. _____^__^_________ Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week f .35 BY MAIL Carroll County and all Adjoin- int; Counties, per year $12.20 Per Month _._ _....„__ * 1.40 Outside of Carroll and Adjoin- inii Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year..- J1S.OO I'er Month —$ 1-75 A'l Oilier Mall in the United Males, per year , 119.00 Per MontU _~_~_—» 2.00 questioned. None of them were doing the things they enjoyed most. Are you surprised at those people? You might be even more surprised if you tried the experiment yourself. List the 10 leisure-time activities that take up most of your extra hours. Then list the 10 things you most enjoy doing. If you come up with two entirely different lists it's time to make some changes. Some of the leisure-lime activities that you don't enjoy probably can be cut out entirely. And you can undoubtedly reduce the time you spend on some of the others. With the time you save from cutting out and cutting down on the activities that give you little pleasure you can find time for some of the things you actually enjoy most. The catch is that you may have to give up a few things you have been doing simply because you i'eel they are "expected" of you. You may have to be firm about saying "No" to invitations that you know will result in boredom. You may have to dare to be "different," if what you most want to do isn't what any of your friends or neighbors would dream of doing. But with a little courage you can find the time to do at least some of the things you really want to do. (AH Kiynts Reserved, NEA Service. Inc.) Bright 'n' right for school or stepping out! I,ittlL' girls love the Dandy look of the crisp bodice above a skirt that spins about merrllv. Choose plaid, checks, gay Victorian print. Tomorrow's pattern: Misses' dress. • Printed Pnttern 9-145: Child's Sizes 2, -1, (i, H. SUo (i dress 2"' s yards 35- inch; 3 i contrast. Printed directions on each pattern part. Easier, accurate. Send FIFTY CENTS (coins) for this pattern — add 10 cents lor each pattern for first-class mailing. Send to Marian Martin, Daily Times Herald, 25 Pattern Dept., 232 West 18th St., New York 11, N.Y. Print plainly NAME, ADDRESS with ZONK. SIZE and STYLE NUMBEll. Remember Way Back When Nineteen Thirty-Four— Andrew Balk, a sophomore student in Creighton University, was in charge of a dance given by the residents of Bowling Hall. Nineteen Thirty-Four— The new six-car streamline train of the Union Pacific, which will leave Los Angeles at 10 o'clock this evening on a preliminary run to establish a fast schedule from coast to coast, is expected to pass through Carroll about 8:10 Wednesday morning on the North Western tracks. Nineteen Thirty-Four— Crowds are in Carroll today for the big Democratic rally. A torch light parade will be tonight, and the main address will be by Lt. Gov. Nelson G. Kraschel. The Knights of Columbus band is to provide music both afternoon anc evening. A pavement dance will be at 10 with Carl Reinhart's orchestra playing. Nineteen Thirty-Four— The Sta Wano Club met yesterday with Mrs. Romayne Huffman for its initial meeting of the season and voted to change the name to the Friday Contract club. Mrs. Roy Burns is a new member. Nineteen Thirty-Four— The Rev. and Mrs. H. C. Schneider were guests of honor last evening at a farewell courtesy given by the board of elders of the Presbyterian c h u r c h. Following dinner at the Burke, the guests retired to the Dr. F. V. Hibbs home for a social evening. Q — What flag was recently presented to the state of Maryland? A — The last 48-star American flag to fly over the Capitol in Washington, D.C. It will be enshrined at the Flag House in Baltimore. Q — Which state has the longest shoreline of any state in continental U.S.? A — Michigan with 3,121 miles. Q — Is it correct to describe Karl Warren as "The chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court"? A — No, his title is "The Chief Justice of the United States." Q — Has the birthplace of George Washington been preserved? A — Wakcficld, the reconstruct od birthplace of George Washington in Westmoreland County Va,, is a national monument. The original house was destroyed by fire and no description of it was to be found. A colonial house was built there, but no claims are made for its authenticity. SO THEY SAY You know what happens when the man of the house accidentally drops ashes on the living room rug . . . Maybe we can get the same reaction on the city's streets. — Jersey City, N.J., director of public works, August Meckman, planning to hire women street cleaners. * THE DOCTOR SAYS * Feeling Good? Fine Reason For Having Regular Check BY HAROLD T. HYMAN. M. I). Written for NEA Service You ought to pay a health visit o your doctor at least once a year. After you've had your 35th or 40th birthday, a visit every six months is even more advisable. Don't make the mistake of thinking you won't get your money's worth if you pay an office fee when you've nothing specific to "doctor for." Here are some of the ways you profit by the annual or semiannual health visit: You give your doctor a lot of iseful information about yourself and your family that he can't gel I from anyone but you. He finds out j •tow you live, what you cat. how you're getting along economically ] and socially, where your income is | derived, what's worrying you. how the children are coming along and what you plan for them. You let him see how you look and act when you're feeling well so he may some time recognize the early signs of poor health. You get an examination that may turn up some unsuspected disturbance in an early stage when it's most'easy to cure or control. When you go for your exam, be prepared for an occasional surprise. Serious diseases, especially cancer, lurk in the body for many months before they produce symptoms that attract the attention of the most observant patient. Many disturbances of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, kidneys, stomach, intestines and blood are first detected by laboratory tests like Xray examinations, elcctrocardio- Around the Rotunda With Harrison Weber, Iowa Daily Press Assn. Writer crams and specimen analyses before your doctor sees, hears or feels anything amiss. After you've had your first examination, your doctor is able to pick up slight changes from the findings he recorded at previous visits: Your weight may be off a few pounds though you've not changed your eating habits. Your blood pressure may be within normal limits but still 20 points higher than it was a year ago. Your electrocardiogram — the squiggly lines that show your heartbeat — may look pretty normal but still show minor changes that were ' not there the last time. There may be a tiny shadow in your lungs that didn't appear on previous films. Alerted by these minor deviations from your own normal findings, your doctor begins ferreting about. In this way, he detects many disease conditions in their earliest phases. At thif, early time, curative measures have their greatest potency. In the rare case of diseases that can't be cured, at least steps can be taken to prevent their further progress and keep them under control. Accomplishments of this kind don't make the headlines. But they may postpone by decades the tragedies of invalidism and death. They may add many years to the delights of a comfortable and useful life. So have that regular checkup, whether you feel good or bad. DF,S MOINFS — State Senator Jack Schroeder Thursday ripped into Iowa Safety Commissioner Don- partment, the authority to suspending the driver's license prior to trial of a person arrested for drunken driving. "Anytime we attempt to take property, rights, licenses, or privileges away from people without due process of law." Schroe- dcr declared in an interview, "we are treading on dangerous tcrri- j tory." | Iowa law gives the safety de-! parlment the uthority to sus-! pend a license without a prelimi- i nary hearing when a driver is; arrested for a violation which re- i quires mandatory revocation upon \ conviction. Station announced last i week that, the department plans to! ise this authority in an enforcement drive aimed at drunken driv- ng. "None of us wants the drink- ng driver driving," Schroeder con- .inued, "and we certainly don't want to condone driving violations. But, the action of the commissioner in declaring he will suspend all licenses of drivers involved in fatal accidents regardless of where the fault may lie, coupled with his statement that all persons suspected of driving while under the influence of alcohol prior to conviction will have their license suspended, goes beyond tight aw enforcement." The Davenport Republican, mentioned as a possible candidate for .he Republican gubernatorial nomination, said Station may be "technically exercising his legal pow- er." hut. added that, "such action seoms to go beyond the scope of the legislative intent." Srhroedor said he hoped the courts would resolve this matter find "if not the legislature in tho next, session should see that these j basic rights are not invaded." Bible Comment- Christian Fellowship By WILLIAM E. GILROY, D.D. A realistic reading of the New Testament must make it plain that the supreme fact was Christian fellowship. It was the supreme fact in the beginning in the relationship of Jesus with the disciples that He gathered around Him, and whom He called "friends" (John'15:15). It was emphasized by the way in which Jesus declared love to be the basis and essence of religion —the love of God, "our Father," as the source of man's salvation, and love to God, and love to man, the "two commandments," upon which Jesus said "hang all the law and the prophets" (Matthew 22:40). Jesus was a Jew, and this was essentially a Jewish way of saying that the two commandments constituted the very basis and substance of religion. To me it has seemed the tragedy both of history, and of Christianity itself, that historic Christianity, at least since the early days of the Church, has never been based simply and primarily upon the things that were simplest a/id clearest in the teaching and practice of Jesus Himself. These things, it should be recognized, were never denied. They were exemplified in the personal lives of innumerable Christians. But the primary emphasis in organized Christianity soon became upon authority, officialdom, and dogmas, so divisive in their very nature and effect that Christians were divided into groups or factions, with little recognition of love as the one great essential fac- Jiffy-Knit Gift 7483 tor of Christian faith and life. It is an ironic fact that perhaps the greatest disruption in historic Christianity concerned controversy over the metaphysical nature of Jesus Himself, ignoring the fact that the profound significance of Jesus was to draw men together in love. It is obvious that disruptions continue to the present day. Much emphasis today is upon the tragedy of the disunity of Christianity through this divisiveness, and much emphasis is paid upon the problem of Christian vnity and ecumenity through national and world organizations, especially in Protestantism. These movements have made much progress, and they have broken down what even a generation ago, seemed insurmountable barriers. But the sadness is that they disregard the essential basis of the ecumenicity that they seek. These movements are still based upon conceptions of authority, officialdom, and creedal statements that exclude many who in terms of Christian love and fellowship—the things that Jesus made most essential — surely are as worthy of a place in ecumenical Christianity as the most orthodox according to denominational requirements. 'To me there are two tragic aspects of the situation. One is that even among those most insistent upon ecumenicity there is so little evidence of correcting existent exclusiveness. And the other tragedy is that so many are actually in their personal lives and contacts much better than their creeds and affiliations. Of this I hope to say a little more, and to cite at least one very conspicuous example. Girl Scout's Plan a Halloween Party Girl Scout troop No. 64, which includes sixth grade girls at St. Lawrence school, are planning a Halloween party for Oct. 28. The troop is arranged into two patrols, end patrol No. 1 is in charge of the party. Mary Ann Hulsebus is captain of patrol No. 1, and Connie Schleisman is captain of patrbl No. 2. Kathy Walden is troop scribe. Highlights of troop activities in October, besides the party, have included a wiener roast and a trip to the Iowa Public Service Co. Mrs. Arnold Meyer is leader, and Mrs. Ed Marz, assistant. Barbs A writer predicts a speed limit of 100 miles an hour in a few years. Too many people are away ahead of the times. When you make the best of things it's surprising how little cause you have for worry. KE f RIENDS In a (space) race where there are only two participants, we can| not run second for very long and still talk realistically about leadership. -- Dr. T. Keith Glennan, head of National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Jollv corning and going! Delight a little girl with this gay, "face" cup 'n' inltlen set. Jiffy! Two flat pieces for cap 'n' mittens --faces knitted in. t'.se knil- ting worsted. Pattern 7-l«:(: charts, directions to fit girls -1 to 10 years old. Semi Thirty-five cents i ruins ) eacli pattern for isl-class mailing. Send to Daily Times Herald, 2:tf> Household Arts Dept., Box J<;« Old Chelsea Station, New York, Jl, N.Y. Print plainly NA.Mi:, AO- UJtKSS, ZONK. 1'ATTEHN MJM1IKK. JUST OUT! Our New I960 Alice Brooks Needlecraft Book contains THHKE FKEK Patterns. Plus ideas ,.,„.,! » * i u i want to telephone when galore for home furnishings, fash- a guest in a private home, be sure i fe^nU^'d^S K^h"^ ! t" ask permission. If there is a knit. sow. embroider, nuck \veavi\ charge tor the call, be sure to pay Itjuili. Be with the newest — send So,,., ........ .,,,,„,,,,, j cents nowi I "'u u \acl amount. "Hrllo Jim" Annoying telephone calls present i\ problem for elcctfd officials— you never know whether to rmng up or hoar them through. This urrk's pri/o goes to a nationally known newsman who was in Nebraska covering Senator John F. Kennedy's (U>, Mass., speaking lour. In the wee hours of the morning this slightly incoherent reporter called Governor Hersche! C. Loveless and asked to speak to White House Press Secret a r y .James Hagerl.y. The governor informed the newsman that he was misinformed about two party lines — Loveless is a Democrat and Hagerty is in Washington, D.C. Rockefeller to Iowa New York Governor Nel son Rockefeller is expected to put in an appearance in Des Moines sometime in December. Rockefeller has just, launched a Midwest speaking tour and many political observers believe he will actively seek the Republican presidential nomination. Staff University of lov.-a |Vn,ri;a!j roach Forest. Kv;i-h'-; ki ir ; :r>! scok a high stato political n'{\< <•. most. frpqupriHy mention'''! •> .1 , tho offing of governor. Thr- >K'- ricrcurronl. of political gossip r";r- ly rame bubbling to the virfa'r. with the iU>m in fhr currfti! :•>]••> of fi. S. N'f'ws and World \\. fi \i<>\'\.. Tho magazine reported: "In Iowa, Gov. H'Tsch'.'l I.o-. »less. Democrat, is reported to K>o cr.'nsidering the following sfratr^y Seek for himself the senate scat. now held by Republican Thorna-; Martin and run Inwa'.; football coach, Forest Kvashevski for governor. The coach i.s pictured as interested in a political career." P'vy's close friend.s say if, is true that, someday he would like to get. into politics; howvc-r. they ar<> very dubious that, it tvould he in Iowa, Thc-y say it would bo more likely for him to seek a top political office in Michigan. Evy For Gorvernor? In recent months there has been much talk in both Republican and Democratic circles that This & That Now is tho time for all good men to come to the aid of thoir party . . . meaning . . . you can expect announcements from any number of prospective candidates between now and Feb. . . . Senator Duane E. Dowel, newspaper publisher from Algona. is being encouraged to seek the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor . . . 4-H News Meetings, Activities of Boys, Girls' Clubs The officers and leaders for the Maple River Top Notchers 4-H Club met at the home of Mrs. Leonard Madigan Monday evening to make out the club program for the year. The officers helping were Diane Drees, president; Linda Madigan, vice-president; Jeanine Madigan, secretary-treasurer; Nancy Daeges, historian; and Mary Clare Collison, reporter. Mrs. Madigan is leader and Mrs. A. G. Schrad is assistant. Refreshments were served by Mrs. Madigan. The Mt. Carmel Go - Gelt e r s meeting was held Monday night at the Mt. Carmel school library. New officers for the year were elected and include Lynn Chapman, president; Pat Lenz, vice president; Joe Vonnahme, secretary-treasurer; Tommy Madigan reporter, and Dick Bromert, senti nel. Bob Millender showed £ film on the 1958 four-county fair at Coon Rapids. Floyd Schlorholtz and Mr. Millender showed the new members how to keep up their new records. The meeting adjourned at 10:15. Tommy Madigan, reporter. Discusses Problem of Iowa Reapportionment Mrs. Amos Salmon Calls in Lake View (Times Herald News Service) LAKE VIEW — Mrs. Amos Salmon of Vancouver, Wash., was a Friday visitors of Mrs. Emil Levin. Mrs. Levin and Mrs. Salmon were neighbors a number of years ago. Mrs. Austin Keiser Sr., and Mrs. Lester Lille were in Sioux City Saturday. Mrs. Lille attended an ISEA meeting. Mrs. William Cleveland Jr. entertained the LaKonian Club Friday afternoon. A discussion of household hints was held for roll call and the program. A spcial hour followed. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Logan and daughter Jeanne and Mr. and Mrs. W. K. Hunter and daughter Peggy attended "My Fair Lady" at the KRNT Theater in Des Moines. Mr. and Mrs. M. P. Leighter and Mr. and Mrs. Kirby Leighter spent the weekend in Austin, Minn. They attended the wedding of a nephew, Alvin Reeverts, and Sandra Wasko Saturday evening. Mrs. Wayne Wessman spent last week in the Doyle Hegland home in Kansas City with the Hegland children while their parents attended the funeral of Mrs. Hegland's father in Utah. Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Lille, Mr. and Mrs. Herb Onstot and family and the E. E. Mack family of Storm Lake were dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. LaVerne Dettman at Lytton. The Dettman's son Dana was observing his 9th birthday. Mr. and Mrs. Dale Ellis and daughter, Sioux City, and Elsie and Karen Kornisel, Odebolt, were guests Sunday in the Burl Ellis home. Mr. and Mrs. flair White, Anson, were Sunday afternoon visitors in the Jphn Drilling home. Pat Gosch entertained the H & M Club Friday evening Mrs. Elmur j Bugge was a guest. Mrs. Bugge j and Mrs. Dick Mesenbrink won the ; prizes. i Mrs. Stella Manuel and Mrs. | James Scott went to Ames where they wore overnight guests of Mr. ' and Mrs. Jim Long. Friday eve- ! ning all attended the HUNT Thea-! ter to see "My Fair Lady". Mr. and Mrs. Charles Musser, ; Ida Grove, were guests Sunday in j the Elmer Moore home. Kolund! Moore, Caramel, Calif., ^pent the i weekend with his parents. j (LAST OF TWO ARTICLES) By State Senator Duane E. Dewcl, (partner in publishing Kossiith County Advance, Aljcona. Also, member of fjovrrnor's committee n r«iipportloninent.) DES MOINES — In the 'first place, this is not a "reply" as such [o Farm Bureau material on reapportionment, but is merely discussion of an intricate problem. The Farm Bureau is a special interest group just as the Iowa Man- uracturers, labor unions, and even press associations. The Farm Bureau represents the farmers and does an excellent job. On reapportionment the Farm Bureau has endeavored to be objective, but by the very nature of the organization it must be somewhat biased. The Farm Bureau is unicamera in its government — based on a house of delegates in Iowa with each county having one vote no matter what size in area or what the "Farm Bureau populat i o n' may be. Kossuth with 1,600 members has the same vote as Taylor with a reported 400. (Exception, for some reason, is Pottawattamie with two delegates.) In Iowa it is unicameral by area — yet in the national Farm Bureau organization it's unicameral by population — based on state membership! In Iowa it is the small counties that control the Farm Bureau through the house of delegates, and hence the resolutions adopted by counties and then by the Farm Bureau unicameral house^of delegates are bound to reflect mostly the small county view. The principles of Farm Bureau reapportionment are good — one house on area and one on population. But when the Farm Bureau people speak of "area" they mean counties — one per county no matter the size or population. In this day they depart from their expressed principles, for with the county as the required unit in both houses there can be neither pure area nor pure population. This unwritten demand that each county have a representative finds much favor in county seat towns and small counties as a matter of local pride and fear of bigness. Many southern Iowa count i e s have had alarming losses in population, and hence they fear loss of their favored position in the legislature as now constituted. From 1900 to 1950 Ringgold county lost 41 per cent of its population. Other big losses are Van Buren, Adams, Fremont and Monroe 40 per cent each; Taylor 38 per cent; Davis 39 per cent; Mills 35 per cent; Decatur 33 per cent; heokuk 32 per cent; Mahaska 31 pur cent; Madison 30 per cent; Union 28 per cent; Clark 27 per cent; etc. Some southern Iowa counties are becoming somewhat dependent on state aids for schools and i louse of representatives on an area basis and the senate on a population basis." Both statements are way wide of he facts. At no time prior to 1904 did each county have a representative. Also prior to 1904 many counties had more than one — in the 7th G.A., first under the 1857 constitution, Dubuque, Scott and Lee counties had three each; I/ other counties had two each; Lee county even shared a fourth with two other counties; one man had 11 counties to represent. It wasn't until the amendment of 1904 that all counties had a representative of their own — and to avoid upsetting the large population counties that had two then, a compromise added eight members to the house and to permit the 99 plus one extra for each of nine counties. Actually the 1857 constitution under which we operate today as amended bases apportionment in both the house and senate on population. Sec. 36 Art. Ill of the 1857 constitution provided: "At its first session . . . and at every subsequent session, the General Assembly shall fix the ratio of representation, and form into representative districts those counties which will not be entitled singly to a representative." The ratio number in 1857 was 17,200 people for a senatorial district and 7.000 people for a representative district. Succeeding legislatures up to the 1904 amendment adopted ratios as follows: Senators: 17,000 in 18(50; 17,200 in 1862 and 1864; 18,000 in 186<i; 22,500 in 1868; 25,000 in 1870; 30.000 in 1872; 40,000 in 1876; 46,000 from 1882 to 1904. Representatives: 7,500 in 1860; 8,500 in 1862; 8,450 in 1864; 3,500 in 1886; 9,850 in 1868; 11,170 in 1870; 12,500 in 1872 and 1874; 14.100 in 1876 and 1878; 16,350 in 1882; 24,000 in 1886: 22,000 in 1892; 36,000 in 1902; 27,900 in 1904. Under the Farm Bureau requirements one house must have 99 members, one per county. That, makes too large a senate, so the plans actually supported by the Farm Bureau last session out 9'.) in the house and turned the senate over to population or the cities. This is wrong because the larger number in the house could better represent people because ot smaller ratios. It also takes .government farther away from the people, particularly in low-population areas, and makes for senatorial districts so large in rural areas that the senator could not know his district — and more important the people of the district couldn't know him. It violates the concept ot the national system which place.-, area in the senate as the deliberative body unswayed by popular \vhims of the moment. It also places eon- roads because of low property j firmation power in the population valuations, and they fear cuts in house, thu> canceling the area aids if cities get control of the brake on the executive elected legislature. County consolidation, at present, by popular vote These faults are recu^m/ed by In the past two years, newspaper publishers spent more than $150,000,000 to modernize their plants and equipment. is impossible. County seat towns, i the Farm Bureau but are ilis- even in the smallest counties, have: counted, because the K.irm IHireau a payroll of upwards 'of $60,000 in j must listen to the demands ot ihu the courthouse, an important item I small couniies. in the economy of county seat j It is my firm heliet. after sumo towns like Allison with a popula- j years of study, that we mu>t luu* lion of 771 in 1950, and Keosauqua ;• two-house legislature ami that with 1.101. the senate mtiM be the area houst;i Much of the Farm Bureau po- for the real protect inn ot nunori- sition is based on two erroneous ties Tu do otherwise would make •historical" statements, since re- both luni>e.i -uib.iect to the political ported to be corrected but not. whims ot the popular moment ami available to this writer as yet. destroy the braking action oi an These statements, printed with- area - controlled senate. In Iowa out correction in some weekly pa- , farmers are rapidly becoming a pers in recent weeks, said: i minority group that will need sou- "Kach county elected one repre-! ate protection. The integrity of sentative until 1904, at which time : the senate is not to be lightly dis- each of the nine of the largest; counted in the American >ysieni of population counties was given an : government To destroy it for mo- additional representative." Also menUiry gain* would mean irrepa "hi general this originally put the (fable damage in ihu lulum.

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