Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on January 19, 1950 · Page 4
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January 19, 1950

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Thursday, January 19, 1950
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ALTON tVErtmO TtLtOftA.nl THUMIDAY, JANUARY i* It* ALTON IVININC THECRAPH MI ARM rotograpfi r. ft *. * araMft**4»<*«tBa>*»attaBtt eaaaaN y« wPBcrijmuu pn mall, |8.oo • fMt w dWtfrt •e weakly by earner; by wHhtn TOD taOaa; ft.OO beyoM too tottered as second-tlaes matter at the pottofflce, al Alton, HI., Act of Congress, Mtrcb *, 181*. Mtmtnv or nu AaauciAitb fh*> AjaaeiatM PNM to antftM aieluitvw M far republleatlon at all U»» loc«i Mtrt - (fr m at mil at an Local Adrartlnln* — RMc* «M emmei application at tfte TMaatsta Broadway, A 1*0% UL NatMMl West Hoiiidt* oe. Me** Tart III If the Coiil Were farmed Sitting in his comfortable, well-warmed office in Washington, Harry Truman does not admit that there is any danger of * national emergency resulting from non production of coal by the miners. He docs not have to go anywhere, but, should he wish to make * trip to Florida to escape cold winds along the Potomac, he can make the trip in one of those $30,000 armored, well-warmed motor can lor which the public it paying, plus the cost of operating and being driven by a licensed chauffeur. The other day the Telegraph received a caustic letter of criticism, accusing the newspaper editor of having a wide variety of unkindly feelings toward organized labor because the Telegraph continues to advocate that John Lewis be compelled to tell his miners to dig cool so that both union and nonunion folki can avoid being frozen; so public utilities may be kept in operation in so far as they rely on coal for motive power; .so that transportation may be kept a live and useful service. It was easy for that critic, living as he does in a rural neighborhood, where fuel is naturally cheap, to abuse someone else for -peaking the opinion that something should be done to force resumption of coal digging. The empty coal yards are just as unwelcome a sight to the union as to the non-union seeker for ways and means of coal replenishment in hit cold home. Harry Truman, we insist, is viewing the miners' case from a purely political angle.' He knows the Taft-Hartley law is needed, useful and he could handle the present situation in short order if he would make use of it; but he stubbornly sticks to a policy because he has declared that the Taft-Hartlcy act should be repealed, even though he knows full well it is made to order for handling the present national emergency of fuel shortage. It is to be sincerely doubted that Mr. Truman is going to make any favorable impressions on coal- short people, by his repeated declarations that a mere empty coal bin is no emergency. If he did not live in the White House where fuel supply is easy to maintain at the people's expcn.se, he would be holding the same view as that published in this column—that something ought to be done by whoever might be president about ending this intolerable situation. When he moves out of the White House he may have reason to know what it it like with the turning of the tables. : Persuaftive, But Not a Final Clincher Newspaper* may yet be curbed by court procedure in their usual practice of publishing news bearing on criminal cases before they are tried. The speculation arises from a recent comment by Justice Frankfurter on a decision reached by his eight fellow Supreme Court colleagues. Baltimore, Md. has a law which prohibits pretrial publication of evidence to be used in criminal cases. A Baltimore radio station was prosecuted for violating this law. A Maryland appeals court ruled againit the "gag" law on constitutional grounds. The cue was appealed to the United States Supreme Court. In a brief decision eight of the nine justices refused to review the case. That left standing the rule against the "gag" law. 25 Yearn Ago January 19, 1925 Miss Annie Ward was in a serious condition A St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Granite City. Miss Ward who had resided In Alton, fell on the Icy pavefnen In Granite and fractured her hip. Mr. and Mrs. William Roderfeld were parents o a son born at the family home, 1206 Central avenue Charles W. Husklnson, president of Mlsslsslpp Valley Coal Co., prominent business man and ret estate owner, died at his residence, Eleventh ant Henry streets, from heart failure. He had been born in Allon and spent his entire life here. After hi schooling he entered the railroad business and latei decided to engage In the coal business and he or Utilized the Mississippi Valley Coal Co. He was sur vlved by his wife; one daughter, Dorothy, and one son, Charles, He also left three sisters, Mrs. G. H Lane and Mrs. Jennie Husklnson of Alton and Mrs Jessie Hopkins of Grand Junction, Colo.; two brothers, Gcorne H., and R. G. Husklnson. Ralph Dick, 24, son of Mrs. Mary J. Dick, died at the family home, 900 Union, of a rnre blood disease, leukemia. He had taken 111 before Christmas Besides his mother, he was survived by three sisters, Mrs. Lynn Belter, Mrs. Len Korte and Miss Louis Dick. Mr. and Mrs. David Betser of Diamond street en tertalned with a dinner party Sunday In honor of the christening of their infant son, David, jr. The guests were: The Rev. D. J. Ryan, uncle of Mr. Belser, of Granite City; the Rev. F. B. Kehoc; the grandparents,'Mr. and Mrs. Frank Beiser and Mr. and Mrs. Henry Beiser, with members of their families and Miss Bernndette O'Donnell. Miss O'Donnell •nd Ryan Beiser wore the godparents for the child. Mrs. F. F. Sehonk of Central avenue entertained with a six o'clock dinner In honor of the birthday of her hustannri. The guests Included Mr. and Mrs. H. Schenk, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Dcen and Mr. and Mrs. John Klinke. Miss Julia Simpson, Mrs. J. E. Walton and Mrs. Frank Sargent went to Jerseyvllle to attend the lu- neral of Mrs. Murrny Trabue at the Baptist Church. Friends In Alton had learned of the death of'the twin sons, born recently at Peoria to Dr. and Mrs. P. S. Waters. Mrs. Irene Castle' McLaughlin had resolved to give up the stage and devote her entire time to her Infant daughter who was born Jan. 4. Mrs. C. Kimlel! of Rielly avenue and Mrs. Anna Gler of McClusky were patients at St. Joseph's Hospital, suffering from fractured hips. Mrs. Arthur Waggoner of Judson avenue had submitted to surgical treatment at St. Joseph's Hospital. James GUI, well-known colored resident of North Alton since the Civil War, died following a two weeks' illness of pneumonia. Mrs. Edgar Paul of North Alton had been notified that her sister, Mrs. J. Taff of Granite City, was ill and hnd undergone surgery for the relief of appendicitis. Mr. and Mrs. George Glllham of Wood River iad as guests Mrs. Mnble Gerding and children, Miss Marie and George, and Mrs. Gillham's brother, Herbert Gerding of St. Louis; Mr. and Mrs. Gerding of Colllnsville, and Mr. and Mrs. P. W. Day of Alton. Coal Slowiip In Fight Between Lewis, Truman WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.—The inside story of the strange maneu* vers of both the White House and John L. Lewis In the critical sltua- tlon that has arisen In the coal Industry is the story of an Incredible struggle between the President of the United States and the most powerful boss union labor has ever known. Lewis Is In a jam. To get out of It he wants to see an injunction Issued that will enable him to blame the government and yet order the miners back to work. President Truman Is In a dilemma, too. He has used the powers of the Ttft-Hartley act several times and, because he Is reluctant to ask for another Injunction now, he Is being accused of an unwillingness to utilize the law he has asked Congress to repeal. So the President has hesitated, hoping against hope that Lewis would enter Into some compromise agreement with the mine operators that would end the Intermittent work stoppages. But Lewis has won many a fight by persistence. He wields an economic power which few men ever have been able to exercise before. He never makes a compromise until the last ounce of pressure has been exerted. The President has known for some time that Lewis has a weak case and that the mine operators have enough economic strength to stand the strike even though It is pinching them considerably, Should Mr. Truman ask fop the Injunction and give Lewis an out? His advisers have told him to stand pat. But Lewis knows how to force the Issue. The so-called "rebellion" of the miners who wouldn't go back to work after Lewis "suggested" It and are now "ordered" to go back isn't a rebellion at all. It Is part of the system of complex manipulation of local unions which SNto Glance* Gmttrmltk * * «•». ear. Hotel* S. Attm Report* Lobbytot's Big Idea hM "Why, yes, I'd just at toon visit the Joneses, but Morgan's television has a larger screen!" Is Inherent where the through secret orders to his bench- in any movement dictator operates men. Because Mr. Truman wouldn't order an Injunction to be Issued, lalmlng that no "emergency" ex- sted, Lewis promptly began to Pearson's Merry-Go-Rbund Republican Tieup Justice Frankfurter took 25 pages to express his dissent. Some of his reasoning is interesting because it's so persuasive: "One of the demands of a democratic society is that the public should know what goes on in the courts by being told by the press what happens there, to the end that the public may judge whether our system of criminal justice ii fair and right. "On the other hand, our society has set apart court and jury as the tribune for determining guilt or innocence on the basis of evidence adduced in court, so far as it is humanly possible .... Proceeding! for the determination of guilt or innocence in open court before a jury are not in competition with any other means for establishing the charge." In his reasoning Justice Frankfurter strikes at a long-lived practice of newspapcrdom: A practice that has grown out of the stiffest sort of competition. That is the publication of any and all possible facts regarding a particularly interesting crime which a newspaper can gather. Justice Frankfurter warns that the Supreme Court—despite its one-sided decision against the Baltimore "g*g"—still may alter iti view in favor of sanctity of the courts. It's a good thing we have a little further respite to look over the problem* before any final decision is rendered, It isn't always the court, alone, that is affected by newspaper publication of criminal case information before trial. For the usual source of the court's information in criminal proceedings is public officials. And there arc occasions where public officials Wouldn't have done their best in prosecuting criminal cases before the courti if they didn't have to face relentless publicity, We seldom hear of a court inquiring closely enough into a case to send, for instance, the prosecuting attorney and the sheriff back out for more evidence. Sometimes it happens in radio thriller diller, but rarely in real life. Judges are juit too buiy. And it 1 * conceivable they might disqualify thetmelvc* by {•dialing wh« the defense attorney could charge prejudice. •y the time • crippled ct* get* into court and bands of the jury, it ii too late to do any- |bMit pitching up any holei in it. Our Con- M jBfMMti tny nun from having to stand trial 5O Years Ago * January 19, 1900 Illinois Glass Co. was laying plans for the erection of nh'additional tank furnace and for the remodeling of a day tank factory so that it could be operated both on day and night shifts. The furnace to be remodeled was No. 5, which, in 1898, was converted into'a Dutch flint tank, fired by oil. Operation with oil was proving costly, and now No. 2 was to be remodeled to the latest tank design, accommodating 15 shops a shift, and providing much Increased output. The new furnace, now in the designing stage, was to follow the lines of the new No. 2, most successful the company ever had erected. Completion of the two projects, officials said, would mean 700 more employes being added to the payroll. S, H. Wyss, a large stockholder in Obcar-Nestor JMC* for the,um« charge connected with Critnlnali and torn* public officials (this it not commentary on court official*) being UN tn i <«nd toward convicting the 1 * And letting (he big one* get away || fe even now, it might to dangcroui to • flf M JHwipapm— or r «dja iMtioni, either. Glass Co. of East St. Louis, was negotiating to acquire interests of Fred nncl Michael Nestor, who were planning to retire nnd join with Dr. H. J. De- Hann of East St. Louis in n new glass plant project. • Announcement was made of the engagement of Charles L. Beall and Mis* Ethel Butler, whose wedding was act for Jan. 31 at the home of the bride- elect's parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. K. Butler of Prospect. Beall was cashier of the Beall Bros. firm. Mrs. Charles Dykeman entertained the Green Ribbon Club at her home on Dry, and favors were given Mrs. L. Pelpert, Mrs, C. B. Schnell. Mist Kate Tremmel, Mrs. M. Snydcr, Mrg. J. E. Hanlon, and Mrs. William Dougherty, Mr. and Mrs. Theo. T. Hamilton announced birth of a son. Members of C. P. Church approved the plans of A. S. Marland, of the B. H. Eden architectural office, for the enlargement and remodeling of the church on Twelfth, near Henry. A. A. Sotier, S. H. Wyss, and William Trlbble were Interested in a company which was planning to manufacture cigar- vending machine! here. W. L. Bedison was announc* )d as the new chief clerk under Supt. William Graham of the bridge railroad. Charles Bowman was given the contract to remodel the Jerry Still build- Ing on State. William H. Daniels bought a $2000 lot In Mills subdivision on which to erect a dwelling. North Alton Woodmen Installed officers headed by Fred Abel, the others being George Burton, H, M. Leonard, R. Mather, B. F. Elfgcn, F. tiissal, J. E. Deterdlng, Dr. Worden, Dr. Beard, Percy Abel, and Richard Strong. George R. Johnson and John Woodi were installing officers. Mr§. H. E. Starr of East Third entertained members of the Hemstitching club. Judge A. W. Hope nnd City Comptroller O. J. Gossrau represented Alton at dedication of the new East St. Louis city hall. John Demuth was recuperating after surgical treatment, and hope* now were held for his recovery. Lt.-Gov. W. A. Northcott addressed a meeting at Crowe's Hall In interest of his candidacy. Kosterburg post of G.A.R. installed as officers P. H. Neuhaus, Frank Williams, Fred Bauer, S. J. Williams. Albert Hausman, William Nltte, M. Sclmuni, George Miller, C. R. Blsser, and Valentine Pfaff. Past Commander, S. J. Williams, was Installing officer. Assessor Henry Wortmun filed hli bond with Shannon Baker and Philip Brueggeman M sureties, and was ready to enter his duties ai soon as the Foster township book* were available. help create the emergency that vould bring the Injunction. He may succeed. An 80-day Injunction, however, olves nothing. It merely postpones the existing situation. But after 80 days the bargaining position of Lewis will be weakened because, if the miners obey a court order and go back to work, the country will be closer to spring when demands for coal begin to taper off. Another type of Injunction sought by Robert Denham, counsel for the National Labor Relations Board, cannot bring the miners .back to work unless Lewis wants to grab that devise as a means of extricating himself from the jam. Actually one of the kinds of Injunction that the Taft-Hartley law permits under the various allegations just outlined by Denham is subject to prolonged argument in court. It took months for this type of injunction to be litigated recently In the International Typographical Union dispute. Both Senator Taft (Rep.), who helped write the present law, and Senator Thomas of Utah (Dem.), who Is trying to get It repealed, agree that the Denham Injunction cannot end the strike even though it can obtain court orders to make Lewis bargain "In good faith"—a rathey flexible point yet to be tested when an Ingenious tactician like Lewis is at the receiving end of such an order. The struggle cannot go on much longer. The whole business situation may be adversely affected by It, especially if the so-called "rebellion" actually closes down more and more of the mines. Then the President will act and It may be assumed that a Federal Court will order the men back to work for power than 500 other members of Congress. Wayward Minor* Not Protected From the nation's rogues galleries, the Children's Bureau has dug up a shameful, shocking story. It Is a side of American life that Isn't generally known, but the bureau estimates close to 100,000 children were thrown into adult jail* last year alongside hardened criminals. Youngsters were even found shoveling dirt on road gangs and serving sentences in state penitentiaries. These were not mere isolated cases, but might have happened right in your home county, for In 34 of the 48 states children were discovered in jail with grownups despite the fact that' most of these same states heve laws protecting children from such treatment. Not only were juveniles often Cound in filthy jails with foul toilets, splotched mattresses, and with roaches running along the walls, but in some instances youngsters were lodged in the same cells with murderers and rapists. In Taylorville, Ky., a 13- year-old runaway boy was locked up In a two-cell jail for four days with a screaming, laughing maniac. A 10-year-old Negro boy Was sen-' vital concern to every member of tenced to the South Carolina state the House. Since we repealed the ' gag procedure last year, this committee voted out 55 rules on bills and resolutions, the greatest number in history. "Some of you say that the resolution will give the committee more powder—that is, power to WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.—Here is how the Republlcan-Dixlecrat coalition is riding roughshod over the right of free Democratic processes in the House of Representatives. Meeting behind closed doors In the rules committee the "Republi- crat" coalition not only demanded the reinstatement of the old gag rule by which the committee can bottle up any bill, but even refused to let Chairman Adolph Sa- 3ath of Illinois, who opposed the gag rule, speak. Each time the 83-year-old Sabath started to talk he was shouted down with cries of "vote!—vote!" by Democrats Gene Cox of Georgia and Howard Smith of Virginia and their Republican cohorts. Finally, GOP Congressman Leo Allen of Illinois took pity on the little chairman. "He has a right to talk," pleaded Allen, above the bedlam. "Let him speak for two or three minutes." Sabath didn't appreciate the humor' in this. He was so riled by the roughhouse tactics of the coalitionists that he almost choked up. "We ought to at least have a public hearing, so that opponents of this resolution can be heard," he demanded. TThls Is a matter of stifle legislation which you oppose. As committee chairman, I don't want that kind of power. I want to protect the rights of the House membership." Fair Dealer Backslides However, Sabath's motion to 80 days. The climax isn't far. off. (Reproduction Highti Rewi Stuitdpipo Nearly Fini«hed The last plates has position on Water Co., ring of curve steel been welded into the 105-foot Alton standpipe northwest of State Del mar. The standpipe is to be capped with a metal roof. The watertower will hold more than 1,500,000 gallons. When it is put into service later this year, it will be an aid In maintain water pressure in the higher area of the city. The earth's atmosphere extends to a distance of 10,000 to 15,000 miles out from the surface of the earth. >ostpone action on the Cox reso- ution and to give House members a right to testify for or against t. at a public hearing was smothered under a 7-4 vote. The three members who joined Sabath for a free discussion were: Democrats Ray Madden of Indiana, John Lyle of Texas, and James Delaney cf New York. The seven who -' O ted for Immediate action without a public hearing were: Democrats Cox, Smith and William Coler of Mississippi, and Republicans Allen, Clarence Brown of Ohio, James Wadsworth of New York, and Christian Herter of Massachusetts. Lyle of Texas and Delaney of New York, however, backslid into Republicrat ranks on the final, 9-2 vote for the gag rule, leaving Sabath and Madden standing alone against it. Delaney, who usually supports the Fair Deal, somewhat sheepishly explained his defection by saying that he wanted to restore the power and "prestige" ol the committee which, he contended, was abolished by last year's rules reform. What this amounts to, though Delaney didn't say so, is that the New Yorker favors giving seven men on the rules committee lore TmrnerviUe Folks . Wo will defend Jerusalem with the .same vigor and, If necessary, self-sacrifice as we defended Haifa, Safed and Negba.—Bllahu Elath, Israeli ambassador to u. S., denouncing internatlonaliiation of Jerusalem. We should not hire Communists as schoolteacher.. But we shouldn't hound a teacher to death because he or she happens to be a liberal. — Ceo. Dwlght Eisenhower. ?•»•*!*• LETTER FROM FKIENPS ON A WlMTlH VACATION FKOM THE SMITHS Ep MYS Tf tt YOU -. • • HE SHOT A AT MONPAY A WtpNESPAY ANP YfSTERPAY HC 0NOKV 90 - HAP CM ILL BC MAPV THAT «IMP WHIN HI «BT$ MIK IN THB penitentiary by Circuit Judge M. A. Mann in Abbeville, S. C. Just across the Potomac from the nation's capitol, the children's bureau found 14- and 15-year-old boys working on the road gang in Fairfax, Va. In fact, 2650 Virginia youngsters were herded Into the same Jails with adult prisoners during 1948 —some going back as many as tour times. ThU is the same state, incidentally, that Is run by Sen. Harry Byrd's efficient political machine. Schools for Crime Criminal studies show that jail doesn't cure as much crime as it breeds, especially when Juveniles are locked up with professional criminals. For cellmates don't make the best teachers, and sending children to Jail is actually like putting them through a school in crime. A much better method of handling young lawbreakers has been worked out by the Big Brothers of America, now celebrating National Big Brother week. Volunteer "Big Brothers" are selected from prominent citizens in each community who are willing to put a friendly arm around a wayward boy. Their individual guidance saved more than 5000 boys from lives of crime last year —less than 7 percent of the boys who have been given this Individual counsel have made second missteps. Yet the cost Is less than $45 a year for each boy—for club dues, camp life and vocational guidance. This Is only a fraction of the $2000 it costs to keep a boy In a reformatory for a year. Meanwhile- the public, • though aroused over the current crime wave, seems indifferent to the practices that are breeding a new generation of criminals. Right under the public's nose, children are being clamped into adult jails even though this is just as much a violation of law as the crimes for which the children have been sentenced, • The problem was summed up quite simply the other day by a former inmate of the Indiana boys school at Plainfield. He had been the son of the town drunk, had stolen money to help care for his neglected mother. When the war broke out, he marched off into the army. Talking to a Children's Bureau worker the other day, the former delinquent remarked: "When war broke the people were willing to spend hundreds of dollars to buy me clothes and food and ammunition. But during peace they were not willing .0 spend one cent to help the town drunk's son." (Copyrtahl. 1SSO. by «•!! WASHINGTON, Jan. tt-Her* V. Nelson, : ~~ lobbyist of tfie^ National_Astocta ; tlon of Meal big Ideas. He It trying to persuade the American Medical Aieodatlon to Join the new, nation-wide politic* and legislative presaure groupi he Is secretly organising. AMA Is IF ready allied with Insurance com* panles and other powerful group* in fighting the President's health Insurance program and the mi to liberalise Social Security bene fits. (Ed. Note: Nelson's secret plan was first reported in this column Jan. 10, with the publication of letters he sent to Representative Ralph Gwlnn (R., N. Y.) and others.) Nelson and Robert P. Gerholz, Flint, Mich., head of the NAREB, held a number of private con ferences on the project last week In Washington. Among those they met with were Senate .Republican leader Kenneth Wherry, (Neb.,) Representative Gwlnn, and officials of the Medical Association. The plan outlined by Nelson culls for setting up a nationwide organization that would function In the guise of a spokesman for small business. Trade associations, the AMA and similar groups opposed to Truman policies would back the organization financially and In other ways. First big ob jective would be the election of the "right kind" of members of Congress this year. Nelson explained this strategy as follows: "It doesn't do too much good to Increase activity In lobbying congressmen after they are elected. Even If we could spend millions, we could not change the votes of men who owe their election to the CIO or AFL. We must develop ways of meeting the attack In the field before it is too late. In wooing the medical- group, Nelson warned Gerholz that caution is necessary. In a -letter before Gerholz came to Washington, Nelson advised: "I am going to see the American Medical Association. However, it is a touchy matter for us to Interview an outside organization without having at least some assurance that the realtors' Washington committee is going to be interested in this program. We would look very foolish if we talked to others and then found there was no interest In our own group. I am counting on your vigorous and thoughtful leadership. I believe this may be the greatest opportunity in our lifetime to reverse what I am sure is a disastrous trend in our national affairs." Note: Nelson claims that Wherry and Gwinn have lined up 40 members of Congress "from both parties" in support of the project. Also, that others active in it are former Senator Albert Hawkes (R., N. J.), Edward Rumely of the Committee for Constitutional Government (N. Y.), and Boyd Barnard and John MacDonald, former heads of the Philadelphia Realty Board. Republican Shindig All 42 Senate Republicans received 40 tickets each and a bill for $44 from the Republican National Committee for its old- fashioned box-lunch supper and dance next month. Senator Wayne Morse (R., Ore.) promptly returned the tickets and bill with this note: "In the first place, I shall not be in town because I have the honor to be the speaker that night at the Founders Day meeting at the University of Wisconsin, of which I om on, alumnus. In the second place, I don't have $44, and if I did, I don't know to whom I could give the tickets." Note: At a meeting of the Women's National Republican Club, one member Inquired about the possibility of "socially awkward circumstances" at the function due to the attendance of Negroes. She was assured there would be "no incidents." The arena where the party will be held has no segregation rule. Trust Buster Adolph A. Berle, one-time New Deal brain-truster and assistant secretary of state, has been offeree a trustbusting job. The offer was made by Chairman Emanuel Celler (D., N. Y.) of the judiciary subcommittee making the monopoly investigation. He wants Berle to draft a bill curbing monopoly In the Insurance business. Under an act passed by Congress In 1946, Insurance companies werj given a moratorium on anti-trust suiis "t< Life publisher, hat out Republican tongumonal leaders on running for the Senate in Connecticut thtt ^ MentHNM Dtfcata waxed hot In the Tempers BulMiag Permit Issued at the office of Building Commissioner Abraham was a permit for a one-family home to be erected at 8§13 Davis by Albert Veeck of 15 Kost Delmar. Estimated cost was 15400. The permit was the second this month for a new dwelling. Only five permits were Issued in the first two week* get their houses in order." The law expires this year. Celler wants an act giving the Justice Depart* ment extensive monopoly controls over Insurance companies. Now a practicing attorney, one of Berle's clients is the Mutual Savings Banks Association of New York. He U also a leader of the New York hiberal Party. Consistent Maverick IlllnoU' free-wheeling Senator Paul Pouglas is a consistent "maverick." The day after Time magazine appeared with his picture splashed over the front page, Douglas disclosed his intention to demand an investigation of the mall subsidy of the publication, and others. Reason I* his contention that much of the 1500,000,000 annual postal deficit is due to the low In 1 *" ^"Wf the W. maga-i 0 .* and mail order houses. Hlsprobe would not Include newspapers "I would not impose any 'new burdens on newspapers," Douglas explain* "Even the largest cannot be accused of receiving sub- ctantial subsidies in the form of low poital rates. But .that U not true of the big magatines, such as the tuce group, and the m*ll order firms." , Douglas has information that the mail subsidies of Time, Life Rtftdtfa Digest, and other fi magasines range from 15,000.000 t«» 919,000,000 annually. Wote; Uaary Luce, Senate foreign relation! committee over summoning Defense Secre. tary Louis Johnson and Gen. Omar Bradley to testify on Formosa. The fray was the sharpest in months. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge (R., Mass.) usually supporter of administration foreign policy and a warm admirer of Secretary Dean Achetnn, led the demand for Johnson and Bradley. Lodge made it clear he resented Connaliy* arbitrary refusal to call them. "In view of the fact that Secretary Acheson very properly doei not wish to answer questions o( a military nature," Lodge said, It seems to me that the sound thing to do Is to bring the military people here to answer those questions. We are trying to get information from experts, so why not call the military experts?" "The commander-ln-chlef, Mr. Truman, has spoken," snapped Connaliy. "That Is sufficient. Why should we call in his subordinates?" "If that Is the case," retorted Lodge, "then we might u well adjourn and go home." At this point, Senator Arthur Vandenberg (R., Mich.) took up the cudgels. He didn't raise his voice, but it was apparent he was irked at Connaliy. It would strike the whole country as very extraordinary," he said quietly, "if the secretary of defense and the head of the joint chiefs of staff were not consulted on this very grave problem. I see absolutely no reason why they should not be called to testify. I would suggest that the chairman reconsider his refusal, or it will be necessary to demand a vote on the matter." Connaliy said no more. He backed down and agreed to summon Johnson and Bradley. Capital Vicnette*. The Senate Commerce Committee hearings on the bill to bat interstate liquor advertising apparently proved dry In more way* :han one to Senator Homer Copehart (R., Ind.). Returning to hit office he boomed, "What'll it b« 'oiks, scotch and soda?" .... Representative Wright Potman (D., Tex.), leading foe of the basing point price system, cloimi advocates of the legislation have Jianged their tactics. According o him, William Simon, lobbyist or steel and cement interests, is offering concessions to small >usinessmen to win their support 'or the bill "repealing" t*e Supreme Court's decision against basing points. . .iFormer Senator Joe Guffey (D., Pa.) will shortly publish his memoirs covering 50 years In the state and national politics. (Copyrlf ht, IBM. Pott - Hall Syndicate. Inc.) Answers To Questions — By • Mall Inqulrie* to Haaldn Information Bureau. HaaUn Service. »»• «y« JSfc, N. E. Washlacto* D. O. Enclote B oanto for return postage. Q. How many persons visited he Freedom Train when It toured Jie United States recently? C. C. A. At the end of its tour If January 1943 the Freedom Trair iad been visited by 3,521,841 per- ons in 326 cities. Q. What variety of rabbit U the largest? J. S. A. The Antelope or Athens jack rabbit, which occurs in souther* Arizona is considered the largest A survey covering a group of 11« of these rabbits of both sexer showed the average weight to b< 8 pounds, and the extremes to b» 13 pounds and 6 ounces. Q. Is It true that the ful 1 number of nerve' cells is presen: in the human Infant at birth? M G. A. The Smithsonian Institutior says that the human infant al birth possesses the full number oi nerve cells. -Mitosis of these celli does not occur, and the individual retains these same cells throughout life. Destruction of any of th« nerve cells is a permanent loss, a« they are not replaced. Q. What does a "wet moon" signify? J. McG. A. The "wet moon" is the new moon which has one horn much lower than the other, thus resembling « tilted bowl, it is erroneously believed to be a sign of wet weather. Q- Are vitamins added to all margarine? V. F. P. A. Every pound of fortified uncolored margarine, as It comei from the factory, contains 15,000 U. S. points of vitamin A concentrate. This Is in harmony with th« federal regulations. In colored margarine, however, some of the vitamin A u added In the color- ng, as part of the coloring matter u carotene, which contains vitamin A. Q: Who were the first women mentors in the United States? H. TO. N. A. The first American Inven- Ion was patented by a man, but the records further state that the was "found out by Sybille • This patent war grant- by the British Government to Thomas Masters for an Invention for cleaning and curing Indian corn. For 19 years after the en- ue£nent of the Patent Law in £0, not a single one of the 10,000 patents issued was granted-to • woman. The first successful application from • woman was re- orded In 1100 by Mary Kies, «nd was for a method of weaving straw with silk or thread.

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