Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on January 18, 1950 · Page 4
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January 18, 1950

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Wednesday, January 18, 1950
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ALTON tVININO TtLRORAPH W1DNMDAY, JANUARY II, ALTON !»IN!NC TllEClUrB 1 wttnln 100~'mlles:$si.W)"neyond M» iftf* dm** SUndBf: eutjacHntlonJW fcty b» carrter. »» matl, IJWO * JW* BfltefCd M second-el... matter at •Aft** HI., Art rt ttrtiime, MftofhM- M ». i • MtMBftfc 0» rM ravtA,ifii-i> •-"--" — * in* Auoct.tM Pftt. ii MitttM «»eiurt»»i> * •• •» . . • guu *—j ».«i__»i — _* .ait •S^A LMB*AI nasfci rWltitAfl m ^BH I 91ltl ^ §lt I A«v*«imi»» «aiw •"• '? mw * c ' SUIT 11. * at tfce telsarat* butine* »*»»«• AltM III W.tton.1 Adv«r<mn lMl' C« Th« Olco Question .... ItMttlf In Cowgrtwi \tfnln Ju»t to refresh your memories, the existing taxes on oleomargarine which legislation now before th« Senate (already passed by the House) seeks to repeal art: Retailers handling colored margarine, *48; uncol- orcd margarine. S«; wholesalers handling colored margarine, $480; uncolorcd margarine, $200; a 10- cent-a-pound tax on colored margarine; a tax of one- fourth cent per pound on uncolorcd margarine; and a tax of $600 on manufacturers. The existing law also requires that a restaurant must post notice if it serves yellow margarine; identify each serving of yellow margarine; or, si sn alternate, serve it in triangular shape. For those who like their butter and insist on having it, the identification provisions for restaurants probably are no more than right, just as the public should be protected in every other way possible with regard to what it eats. The taxes are good revenue-yicldcrs. But, since butter manufacturers now are as able to handle hi* ta» sums as the packers and processors who make margarine, perhaps it would be ss much justice for them to bear such costs ai for others. Or else drop the tax. Passed by the House and before the Senate is s bill to do just that. Senator Guy Gillette of lows has an alternate which merits consideration, however. He would drop the taxes, but at the same time would bar colored margarine from interstate commerce. This, he says, would leave the states free to legislate at they tee fit on the subject. Margarine makvs naturally are a bit abashed at this setup, which would make for lack of uniformity ,in their industry. But Senator Gillette perhaps has i a good argument there. His state of Iowa, in par-. ticular, probably would feel very strongly on the iubjcct. And in view of the increasingly easy ways margarine manufacturers are evolving to mix the color r' ough their stuff, it would appear beside the point to junk the whole tax relief program over the coloring question. A lot of people, whether they come from dairy states, or whether or not they profit from the dairy, ing industry, feel very strongly on the subject of ; substituting margarine for butter. How could but; ter sales keep the churning industry alive unlcvs mil; lions were willing to pay the difference in price? These people should be protected. But so should the • folks who have accustomed themselves to margarine, and want to realize the possible savings. It might be of interest to note the amount of ;; money proponents of both sides have officially re• ported spending to educate both the public and Congress as to their claims. Leo Burnett & Co. of Chicago, which docs public relations work for the National Association of Margarine Manufacturers, but which says not all its expenditures for the margarine group were legislative in purpose, filed a report under one phase of the lobby law showing $322,647 spent in 1948. The National Association of Margarine Manufacturers, itself, reported spending $1JM88. Hill &•• Knowlton, an advertising firm representing dairy clients, reported spending $52,829—but said it was filing the report under protest pending clarification oi the lobbying law. Two other dairy groups reported expenditures; The Milk Producers $219,083; the Butter Institute $22,814. These expenditure! are not necessarily nude for direct lobbying, but could be interpreted as affecting the issue in Congress because they seek to arouse public interest behind their causes. And public interest, sufficiently aroused, is reflected in Congress. It's Clllzea'tt Duty To Vote on Library The question of a public library for Alton has been discussed over a long period. All facets of the ^ question have been brought up. But, the library question for Alton is one on which action will follow the talk — and that action will come next Saturday when a referendum will be held. This will be a public-policy referendum, at which the public will indicate iti stand on the library question. What the public lays with its ballots next Saturday will be the guidepost for the city Council. ' The question of the tax to be levied, and the appoint- mcnt of a library board by the mayor, will be considered after the election. <' The referendum, sponsored and financed by the Greater Alton Association of Commerce, will be advisory. The vote will tell the aldermen the wishes of > the public. Do }t>u want a public library? Do you want a ! ' library tupportcil by taxation? Next Saturday you , may answer thtic questions. The. public-policy refer, endum in Illinois is an election at which the public , speaks its mind, advises its legislative body. We had •• such an election on daylight time, \ If you fail to vote Saturday, you will forfeit all ». right to criticize any future action, You are the one to lay, to tell, by your vote, just what you want done about the library. It it every voter's duty to go to the polls Saturday, 25 Years Ago /unwary 18, Frank Starkey, 54, B farmer residing; on the Kelsey place near Bethalto, was a patient In St. Joseph's Hospital, suffering from a fractured hip, Starkey wag Injured when he slipped on KMne Ice In the yard of the home, Clarence Howard, president of Commonwealth Steel Co., Granite City, and Cecil R. Plllsbury of Alton. general auditor of the same firm, were speaker? at a meeting of the Southern Illinois Manufacturers Association at the Missouri Athletic Association in St. Louis. .T. L. Donnelly of Western Cartridge Co., presided at the meeting that was Attended by 45 represent all ves of Alton industrial plants. H. V. Greene, who had been a cashier of Illinois State Bank at East Alton, had been elected preii- dent of the Farmers State Bank at Berwick, III. Lewi!) Powless, who had been an old resident of Upper Alton, died at the Odd Fellows Home In Mattoon. where he had been residing for four years. He was 85 years old. He was the father of Mrs. Louis O. Megowen of Main street, and Frances Powless of 2724 Maxey. He also was survived by another daughter, Mrs. W. C. Todd, wife of the pastor of the Park Avenue 1'reshylerlan Church In St. Louis, and two .sons, Guy of Mackinaw, III., and Alvin of Anchorage, Alaska. Mr. awl Mrs. J. H. Thles entertained at their home on Henry street and had as guests members of the Young's Social Welfare Association. A business meeting was held and the following officers were reelected: Miss Clara Trout, president; Miss Maude Klaholt, vice-president; Mrs. Ida B. Wilson, secretary; Miss Emma Mullen, treasurer, and Miss Caroline Mullen, publicity editor. Games were played during the social and prizes went to Mrs. Ida Wilson, Kathryn Mullen and Harry ,). Schlllerman. Mr. and Mrs. Harry M. Mitchell of-4028 Langdon street were announcing the arrival of a daughter born at St. Joseph's Hospital, Jan. 16, The mother was before her marriage Miss Florence Hurley, rtaiiflhter of Mrs, Carrie Hurley. Jack Holt and Norma Shearer were appearing at the Princess theater In "Empty Hands." Miss Mno Hartwlck was entertained by some of the young women of, the YWCA. Miss Hartwlck had formerly resided at the Y. The girls were entertained by Miss Olin, who furnished a toe dance; also by the Misses Roglls and Yattoni, who presented a Spanish donee. The Misses Shaller and Simpson served refreshments. The guests Included the Misses Mae Hartwick, Lottie and Nettie Rosenthal, Estella end Edna Ervlng, Mildred Olln. Francis Roglis, Hulda Shaller, Vernn Simpson, Rena Migiorini and Mary Yattoni. Mrs. Harold Sanders attended a party given by Mrs. A. H. Sltihbs mid Mrs. Frank Sanders. Mr, and Mrs. John Berner of the Merrltt apartments were making an extended stay in Vero and other Florida points. 5O Ago How ltbottt • Ck«*t Down in East St. Louis, where the Community bid to be disbanded over a year ago, ihc S.il- Army ii launching iu annual financial cam- It* goal U $U,391. • TllSft in • C > ( X °f nwr < tnan twice Alton's popu- , U only $4000 (or one third) larger thin the Ihf "Army" »ked of Alton'* Community _ IMC wmmer. TV budget committee of the Ch(»t, incidentally, fl* Alton figure to 4 little over $10,000. i Wfcti fJM "bttd|«t caaunuttt" composed of all • 11 January 18, 1900 A group of Upper Alton citizens of which W. W. Lowe was a member, were laying plans to petition the village board to submit, to the voters a proposal for consolidation of the village with the city of Alton. C. W. Leverett, village attorney, had strongly endorsed the annexation proposal. The operetta, "Dress Rehearsal," was presented before a large audience In Temple Theater as a benefit for Alton Woman's Home. The cast of characters Included Mrs, F. W. Greene, Miss Maupin, Mrs. W. C. Johnson, Miss M, Phebe Holden, Miss Helen Burbrldge, Mrs. E. W. Sparks, Misses Eva Walter, Lucy Davis, Daisy Creswlck, Lucy Black, M. Burgess, Grace Norris, Gertrude Collins, Winifred Long, Viola Erbeck, Carrie Cunningham, Ethelwyn Chit tendon, and Mae Armstrong. Choruses were directed by W. D. Armstrong. Frank Owings, former proprietor of a grocery In Alton, lind filed at Chicago the largest schedule of debts over figuring In a bankruptcy petition. The amount wn.s $5,564,917, He had built the Owlngs building, subsequently called Bedford, at Dearborn nnd Ada ins— first skyscraper In Die world. Later he met finniu-lal rowrsos in realty transactions. Mrs. Alice Luttrell, through Attorney J. J. Brenholt, filed suit. In City Court against Snyder & Gruse, owners of the ferryboat, Altonian, because of the death of her son, Frank, drowned when he fell through the wheel-house doorway of the boat during a picnic at Riverside Park. Piasn Council, National Union, elected a;, officers William Armstrong, F. 1. Crowe, W. C. Gates, J. D. McAdams. Ed Holltster, Nelson Levls, Fred Fisher, E. M. Gaddls, A, L. Floss, K. Fulton Seely, and J. H. Booth, Edward C. Knmp bought of H. C. Priest two lots in Priest's subdivision, Upper Alton, for $850. Mrs, Kntherlno Strttmatter, mother of Charles Strltmatter, WHS gravely III. LI, Gov. W, A. Northcott spent the day here In Interest of his renomlna- tlon. A mandamus action was planned in an effort to compel the county board to authorize payment of grand jurors of the September term of City Court. Citizens Bank held $522 in warrants the county treasurer declined to honor. City Judge Hope said a recent Supreme Court decision showed the county responsible for the fees. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Grace entertained at their home on George and favors were received by Miss Tllllc Dick and George Hunt. Mrs, J. B. Mawdsley was hostess to the Lavender Needle club at her home on Fourth. Twelve couples save a birthday surprise party for Charles Meyers. Miss £n\ma Luft, Mrs. Joe FlUjioraid, Joseph Lam pert, and Lev! Luly received prize awards. The funeral of Edward Grady took place In St. Patrick's Church, where the Rev. Father Cusuck read requiem muss. Pullbeurvrs were Charles Schwartz, James Fitzpiitrick, D. Ryan, P. Kane, Mortimer Sullivan, and Patrick Burns. MELVILLE. — The sixteenth birthday of Miss Helen Stiritz was marked by a parly ut her home, John Dressier was re-elected <t trustee by members of the Melville church; Miss Jennie Challacombe was named clerk, nnd L. H. Stiritz was re-elected treasurer, Mrs. Mae Curaslne w«s visiting relatives In St. Louis. Walter Bode was spending a month at Marlon, 111. Miss Alice Ciradolph wus hostess to members of the Literary Society. An vvenlng party (or young people was held at the home of Miss Motile Stiritz. Sum Morehead, who suffered ptUiilul burns at Clu isimus-Uin« when Ms coituma took fire while he was playing Santa Claus at Mitchell, had recuperated sufficiently to return to hit home at Moro. St. Louis' contributors will do .ilxnit the $U,)9l remains to be seen. Doubtless the end remit will indicate conclusively that any welfare agency, rci;.iall«v of its individual appeal, is much better off under a Community Chest than it is fighting for (uiblic support, alone, Eisenhower's Position Has Crystallized WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.—den. Elsenhower'! true petition In American public llf* n«» crystal- llzed. It now can he defined In terms of the Immediate and the j long-range ftiture. I The general does have an am-1 billon. It Is an ambition that Is more difficult to achieve perhnr;* than to be nominated for the presidency of the United States. It Is an ambition that seeks the opportunity to become America's most useful citizen. To fulfill that role a man must honestly disregard the rules of politics and the pressures of those political folks who would use him In their party stratagems. He must be prepared to have hli forthright utterances construed as a bid for political office, and he must be prepared likewise to say the things which can weaken him as the candidate of either party. Today Gen. Eisenhower chafes because what he said on the few occasions recently that he has spoken his mind has been discussed In terms of presidential aspiration. In effect, he feels now that this treatment tends to deprive him of his own right of free expression. Whatever a man can say to deny that he seeks office, Gen. Elsenhower said In 1048 and has repeated since then. But despite these efforts to keep out of presidential races, the general finds himself Importuned constantly to become Involved therein, either through speechmaking or through conferences with men who quite conscientiously are striving to utilize him in the Improvement of their party's chances in a political campaign. ' Gen. Eisenhower doesn't want President of the United He doesn't think his back- Side G!MC«MI to be States. ground fits him for that high office. He has spent his whole life as a soldier. He has not learned the ways of government on the civilian side. He points to his own inadequacy as a student of government and economics. f«M tv HU MMM. m. T. *. *M. 0. B, MT. Off "Don't take him teriosly, Mrs. Benson—thow guns aren't loaded 1" Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Mae Arthur Blamed WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.—Only a handful of Republicans know all the details, but Gen. MacArthur had much more to do with stirring up the current furor over Formosa than even the State Department realizes. The general may or may not have meant to throw a political bombshell, but he has certainly caused more political headaches and come nearer to splitting the bipartisan foreign policy than any- But, as this writer mentioned the j thing in ten years—though, of other day to Gen. Eisenhower, no man, strictly speaking, is qualified for the American presidency. The job Is too big for any human being to master in a professional or career sense. But it does call for certain qualifications—absolute honesty, courage, a keen perception of human relations, and an instinctive faculty for coordination that can bring men with specialized kinds of knowledge together to find the right solution for particular problems of government. Toward the last years of his life, as the late President Roosevelt philosophized to some members of Congress about the presidency, he emphasized a collateral qualification —good health. For with good health comes the energy, the poise and even temper so essential in helping men to work 1 harmoniously with each other wherever authority has to be exercised. Gen. Eisenhower wants to say whav is on his mind. He wants to provoke the thinking of the people on fundamentals. He has no feeling of party affiliation or partisanship. In his mail every day are letters from veterans who ask his advice on everything. To them personally he'feels a sense of obligation not unlike that which he feels toward his country. For America isn't partisan at course, Britain's simultaneous rec- ogniti«fn of China also helped. What MacArthur did was to have stern, private talks with visiting GOP congressmen, especially bustling Senator Knowland' of California, plodding Senator Fer- t'uson of Michigan, and fussy ex- Princeton professor Smith of New Jersey. MacArthur's lectures were delivered in a confidential manner with severe instructions that he damentals that have brought social upheaval. If Gen. Eisenhower could become a leader of national thought, if he inspired a non-partisan and Robtrt S. Allen Report, Allen Property was not to be quoted. His language was also stiffer to the congressmen than In hit reports to the army. Usually he started, by saying something like this: "I have not been consulted by Washington on strategy in the Far East, and particularly on Formosa. If Formosa falls, the cold war Is lost. Russia will control India in two years, and our position in Japan will be untenable. Russia now has' 40,000 troops in fortified islands to our north." Those who raised a delicate question about Chiang Kai-shek's integrity received a haughty: "The generalissimo is one of the great men to come out of the war. He was shamefully sold down the river at Yalta and Potsdam. He has been smeared by the apolo- gizers and the radicals. Yes, there has been corruption in the Chiang regime, but it is a product of his environment and tradition, and no fault of Chiang himself." MacArthur seemed to take pleasure in overriding the State Department in sending two'of the senators—Ferguson and Smith — to heart. It looks with disdain on the wiles of party politics and i ahead in which to build up what politicians. It yearns for someone i the politicians call "unnecessary truly 'patriotic approach : to the i Formosa. After the State Depart- vexing questions of the hour, ifjment vetoed airp'ane flights to, he said what he pleased though Formosa for the two senators, it antagonized this or that poll- MacArthur sent the two senators tical group or faction, if he helped to mould the opinions of his countrymen, he would be serving, as befits the president of a great university, in the role of America's most useful citizen. Where will all this lead? To the presidency, perhaps? For Isn't this the very essence of the stat^i- manship America craves today? The people in due time will give their answer. This is only 1950. The very fact that the general speaks frankly on public issues today—with so many months to supply the leadership so urgently needed In this postwar era of materialism, attended as It is by disillusionment^ in a world that appears almost as confused as it was during the war. Naturally the general surveys the passing scene with deep concern. The international picture Is a sad one. The domestic picture is one of strife that puts material gain too high on the list of proper objectives, He looks askance at what has happened in Britain and prays that the extremes of social upheaval will not reach to .our shores. He sees excessive centralization in government here as enmities 1 '—is in itself a violation of rules of presidential ambition. For he has really chosen for himself the motto of another great American—"I. would rather be right than President." He has added to It the observation that If to say what one thinks earns the antagonism of those with large blocks of political votes, then he must welcome that antagonism as a means of enabling him effectively to serve outside of public office, where he prefers to be. The general cannot be classed as a conservative just because he fears si at ism nor a radical because he puts service above ma- havlng been too long ignored. He i t er j a i ga ln. He Isn't too much fears that "gradualism" has made I interested in how he is classed for he really isn't running for office —he is just trying to serve. If this some day leads him to the presidency, it will not be because of some artificially contrived policy on his part, either subtle or too many people Indifferent to the subtle encroachments that causi government to become the master and not the humble servant or agent of the people. The general feels deeply that spiritual values are given too little <ie'liberate, but only because the weight in present-day affairs and | pe0 ple as a whole could demand that the dignity and freedom of . . _ ... the Individual can be strengthened if, In behalf of the Individual, some earnest words are spoken and public attention is focused on the fun- that eltherlhe Democratic or the Republican party make use of his intellectual honesty and unique qualities of leadership. (Reproduction. Rllhti Koervedi Toonervllle Folk* By Fa* by a special plane with a guide from his own staff. NOTE 1 — Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson, who also made a big try for U. S. intervention in Formosa, is peeved at Gen. MacArthur's extracurricular showmanship, due to the fact that Assistant Secretary of Army Tracy Voorhees was especially sent to Tokyo in December to consult MacArthur and bring back his views. However, MacArthur gave Voorhees no such alarming views as he gave the wide- eyed congressmen. NOTE 2 - Though not as eloquent as MacArthur, Adm. Arthur W. Radford also argued to congressmen who stopped off in Honolulu that Pacific fleet units should cover Formosa. Kickback Aftermath Judges sometimes have peculiar ways of handing down impartial justice. Many years ago, when U. S. Judge Henry A. Schweinhaut of the District of Columbia was a bdbe in arms, he was pushed around in his carriage by a young woman named Helen Campbell, a neighbor of the Schweinhaut family Years later, Miss Campbell, 63," gray-haired and in need of a friend, came before Judge Schwein- haut, now in the prime of his life. As secretary to congressman Parnell Thomas, she had been instructed by Thomas to arrange for certain salary kickbacks and, as a result of carrying out orders, had been Indicted, along with the congressman. But when her case came before the judge whom Miss Campbell had once wheeled in a baby carriage, he showed great compassion for the congressman, gave him several postponements on the ground of 111 health. His former nurse remained under tne crushing stigma of an indictment for one whole year, during which she was barely able to make a Jiving. Finally, another judge took the case, with leu compassion for Congressman Thomas, more com- passipn (or Miss Campbell. Judge Alexander HoiUoff refused further postponements, and in the end dismissed the case against Miss Campbell. However, due to more than one year's delay, Miss Campbell has lost her civil service standing, cannot get employment again in the government. Cilding Ike Dome An artisans' row over the paint- Ing of the cathedral-like interior of the Capitol dome hw become so bitter that C-boss J. Edgar Hoover, who usually specialises in criminal rather than artistic pursuits, has been dragged into the act. , Hoover's FBI Is now probing charges that the Bchrkber Contracting Co. of Washington, which did the paint job under conditions rivaling a elrcus thriller, violated Us contract by using a sprayer Instead of hand brushes. The charges were made by |w« WASHINGTON, Jan, surprise l» I" store Jot thouswvw of American veterans, businessmen and other Nasl-Jap war victims. The alien property "kitty," from which their claims are to be paid, it dwindling » fast that, at best, they will get only a small portion of what they are seeking. Reason: The alien property division Is returning large amounts of confiscated enemy property to the owners. These and other potential big deductions have slashed the reparations "kitty" to less than half. From an estimated $336,000,000, only around $180,000,000 Is now available for American war damage claims. This astounding diminution nas so shocked Mrft Georgia L. Lusk, member of the War Claims Commission, that she Is seeking a con- gresslonal Investigation of the alien property division. She urged tat strongly In a letter to Representative Llndley Beckworth (D., Tex.), senior member of the Interstate and foreign commerce committee. Mrs. Lusk wrote: "I ami indeed concerned over the handling of alien property. We have been told that Investigation Is made before any property is restored to the original owner, but I am not at all sure that enough care has been taken In such Investigations. Already $19,500,000 has been returned and we are told by the alien property custodian that approximately $35,000,000 more Is under contemplation for return to original owners." Vanishing 'Kitty' The alien property division Is a branch of the Justice Department. Under the act passed by Congress, all confiscated enemy property was put in the hands of this agency. The property was to be used to pay American war claims. These range from a few hundred dollars by former prisoners of war and their survivors to millions of dollars by businessmen and firms, whose plants were destroyed or damaged. Total of all claims Is expected to exceed $250,000,000. The War Claims Commission must make recommendations to Congress by March 31 on What should be done about settling these claims. That is why Mrs. Lusk is so disturbed about the vanishing "kitty." With less than three months remaining to report, the War Claims Commission is up in the air on what to recommend. • In an effort to get some concrete Information, Rep. Beckworth wrote Attorney-General Howard Me- Grain. His answer confirmed Mrs. Lusk's fears. Beckworth was given no reason for the return of the enemy property. He was merely told that certain large amounts had been given back, as follows: 'The net of the attorney-general's Interest in vested properties was $336,000,000. From March, 1943, to October, 1949, approximately $19,500,000 was returned. . . . It is now estimated that approximately $160,000,000 remains which may ultimately be used by the war claim commissioners." NOTE: The alien property division is currently under Hal Balnton as acting head. Former Allen Property Custodian David Baaelon was appointed a federal judge. Shortly before he left the agency, Baz- other contractors who lost out in the bidding, and who contend that the spraying "effected a big saving to the Schriber company unwarranted by the contract. Schriber, supported by Capitol Architect David Lynn, vigorously denies this. He explains that, with Lynn's approval, he used a sprayer only on the coffered surface of the lofty dome, where it, "'was necessary to get into crevices and corr nices which wouldn't take a hand brush. Schriber bid an amazingly low $26,000 for the job, more than $16,000 under the next low bidder and $37,775 under the highest of eight bidders—so the taxpayers didn't lose. The contractor attributes his low bid to the time and 'money saved by a new-fangled, aluminum scaffold—similar to a fire ladder topped by a platform— that whirled the painters about the dome's rotunda like men on a- flying trapeze. •Copyright, 1MO. by B«U Syn4ieiti. Inc.) «lon, at the behest of Senate? William Unger <R«N.D.), tec- retly reopened the closed case of Mrs, Ruth Moore, German- born daughter of Otto Kuehn who was sentenced to death in Hawaii for treason. Hew He Does It President Truman gave a group of Young Democrats a first-hand account on how he keeps physically fit and trim. Headed by Wilson Ollmore, Mo., president of the organisation, they called on the President to discuss campaign plans. Noting that Roy Baker, Tex., former YD presl. dent, was not with them, the President asked the reason. "f*y Is 111 from overwork," explained GilmoH. "Overwork," exclaimed the Pres. Ident, "why he's only a young fel. low. Not one of you Is much more than a third as old as I am. You mustn't allow yourselves to have breakdowns from Worry and work at your age. You've got to lenrn to delegate responsibilities. If i didn't do that, I would be dead by now. "Take for example foreign at- fairs. I delegate most of the worry and duties to Secretary Acheson. And I do the same In other fields. That's the only way you can handle a job of this magnitude. As Gen. Patton once snid, 'More battles are lost by tired generals than tired soldiers'." More Departure* Burled In the $13,500,000,000 military budget Is a significant item. It is a $70,000,000 increase in retirement pay for the next fiscal year. Present outlay for that- purpose. Is $190,000,000; (Ms new figure $260,000,000. Last year's military pay boost, also hiking pension payments, accounts for most of the additional $70,000,. 000. But not all, The remainder is to take care of numerous high- ranking officers, particularly navy, who have been earmarked for shelving. Inside word is that the next 18 months will witness the greatest exodus of brass in the history of the services. Republican Caucus The forthcoming battle on civil rights was much on the mind of GOP senators at their last caucus. Senators William Langer (N.D.), Alexander Wiley (Wis.), and Homer Capehart (Ind.) urged party backing for civil rights "rider" amendments to the embattled hill repealing federal taxes on oloo- niarparine. Senator Henry Cnbot T .odge (Mass.), vigorously opposed this. "The Republican party was born out of the issue of human slavery," he declared. "As the party of Lincoln, it is our. responsibility to support human rights as the law of the land, and not to dodge that fundamental responsibility by trying to tack it as an amendment to some other legislation. We should consider civil rights proposals separately and follow our party's traditional stand of supporting the aspirations and constitutional rights of minority groups all over the nation." Capehart demanded efforts be made to "force" the Democrats to "set a specific date for a vote on FEPC and other civil rights bills. Let's make them say when we will vote on these issues." Lodge threw cold water on that, too. "How can we 'force' them to set a time to vote," he said, "when we aren't united among ourselves on a vote? That doesn't make sense." In the end, the caucus agreed not to agree on anything. It was decided to take no party stand on either civil rights or "riders" ' to the margarine bill. Each Republican senator will vote "hli own convictions." Here and There Mrs. Harold Burton, wife of the Supreme Court Justice, Is wearing a new hat that is an exact reproduction of a Swiss bonnet that waa popular more than 200 years ago ... Returning from a meeting of Yale trustees, in New Haven, Conn., Senator Robert Taft (R., O.) stopped off in New York to see a performance of George Bernard Shaw's revive* "Caesar and ( Cleopatra". Taft il a Shaw fan. (CopyrUht, 1950. Post • Hill Syndicate. Inc.) The drone bee dies soon aftei the wedding night Marine Fish Aniwcr to Previous Puzzl* HORIZONTAL 1,4 Depicted marine fish 9 United States of America (ab.) 12 Peculiar l3Sultanic decree 14 Hebrew tribe 15 Cover ta Wearies 17 Aged 18 Near 19 Priggish . scholars 11 Abraham's home (Bib.) 12 Cipher 24 Deteit M Ireland 27 Afresh 21 North Dakota (ab.) 29 Concerning 10 Natrium (symbol) 31 Afternoon (ab.) 32 It is found in the — seas 34 "Emerald Isle" 37 Impudent 31 Metal fastener 39 Comparative suffix 4ft fastens < 4f Tantalum (symbol) * 47 Woody fruit 49 Sign of todiac M Eat at tveninf 91 Cempass point JJ Encounters M Dane* step 54 Lair 59 Outmoded 56 Malt beverage VERTICAL 1 Comfort 2 Reviser 3 Augment 4 Ceremony 5 Dry • Spanish ornaments mesiure 90 Whets T Paradise 23 Repast 8 Bird's home 25 Bloodleisnetl 9 Oriental plant 32 Unclosed 10 Greet 33 Read 11 Boy's name IS Religious form l> Hanging MPass 41 Pore* down 42 SuperAcisl extent 43 Pastries 44 Permits 45 Essential bein| 41 Number 50 Health resort

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