The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 12, 1953 · Page 1
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December 12, 1953

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, December 12, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 224 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Bally News THK DOMINANT NKWSPAPER Of NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1953 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Nixon Ends Extensive Junket Returns To Washington Monday By RUSSELL BRINES TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Vice President Richard Nixon re turns to Washington Monday with a fresh bird's-eye view of Asia and the Middle East and a report for President Eisenhower that may recommend a review of some aspects of American policy toward this explosive part of the world. But the vice president, after an Intensive 10-week trip, is expected to strongly support nonrecognition of Communist China, a continued military buildup in the Far East and other major point of present U. S. policy. Nixon, accompanied by his \vife, has traveled over -15,000 miles in swift but revealing visits to 21 countries between New Zealand and Africa. He left Iran today for Libya after a three.day visit here. Speaking 1 to newsmen at the city's airport, he paid tribute to Premier Fazollah Zahedi's government, saying the country has "the kind of leadership needed to provide stability and real progress." The vice president has.gathered for Eisenhower perhaps the most comprehensive survey of the Pacific area, Far East, south Asia and a slice of the Middle East ever collected by a top-ranking American official. It covers everything from views on Indian Prime Minister Nehru to the operation of American overseas libraries. No Statement of Views Nixon has given no public in- dica tion of his own views, but there is evidence he may recommend some changes in the approach to Asiatic problems and perhaps some alteration of such technical operations as the U.S. . information program. . He already has reported to the I White House on two of Asia's mst immediate issues: 1. The possibility that Prance may conclude a truce in Indochina on terms American officials fear would permit Commu- nust-trained Vietminh leader, Ho Chi Minn, to win political control of the peninsula. 2. The necessity for an early 'Project Lincoln.' Being Investigated by Senate WASHINGTON (AP) — An aide lo Chairman McCarthy (R-Wis) says Project Lincoln, a supcrsecret study of how to keep America safe from atomic attack, is being probed for subversives by the Senate investigations subcommittee. The Boston Post, in a copyrighted story, reported that such an investigation was under way. Francis P. Carr. executive stall director of McCarthy's committee, confirmed last night that Project Lincoln is among defense es tablishmsnts in the Boston area under investigation. The project uses facilities of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MITl at Cambridge. There were, meanwhile, these Dean Breaks Dulles Atten investigative activities: 1. He said in an interview he MCCARTHY HAS WITNESS EJECTED — on orders from sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis) (right, background; Pvt. James L. Goodall of the Capitol Police ejects Henry Nathan Shoiket of Brooklyn, N. Y., from Senate hearing room in Washington, Dec. 10. McCarthy, chairman of Senate probers looking for Soviet spying at Ft. Monmouth, N. J., told police to eject Shoiket for shouting denials of espionage about which he had not been questioned. (AP U'irephoto) will make several proposals for lightening federal espionage and subversion laws when he and other Republican lawmakers confer with President Eisenhower next week. 2. He said also he is asking the. Army to investigate "unre solved Questions of loyalty" he contends have been raised about TeJfortJ Taylor, former war crimes prosecutor and World War II brieradier general. 3. The subcommittee's search for evidence of spying at the Ft. Monmouth, N. J., radar laboratories will be resumed in New York City, probably running daily Monday through Thursday. Taylor may be called as a witness. Outgrowth of Monmouth The Boston Post quoted an unidentified subcommittee source as saying the Project Lincoln investigation is ,in outgrowth of the Ft. Monmouth probe. 4. McCarthy announced test night he has received a list of about 125 persons he said had been Communists in Germany and later found jobs in the office of the U. S, h.v! 1 commissioner of Ger_^ —•"•, I • A • ' cornmisslonei ' o f Get\PD LjCLtriLtlClS Annin^t m ^°i e ^'^^ D ^ e ^^ e , VV-J-/. VJ\»*.LI LLI LW«J /^kJWtil tteJi. way since August 195] but its ex| istence was disclosed only last X"* _|i A f) j j March. MIT reported to the Na( nffnn Mcrpnnp nnn^f i uonai secuHtv c ° unc ». ^ g0 v. \~> \JLL\SI L AT; V-1 C.UL L/C Lf<J\JJL ernmenfs top defense planning ** body, that the United States could . . Gatchings, who wants an allot- decision on whether to grant mili- me iit of 19 million acres, said he I tary aid to Pakistan. Agreement doesn't belieye Congress should en- ! on such a program would mean a new tough policy toward Nehru's .es could WASHINGTON (AP) — Rep. Gathings <T>-Arkl yester- bmlrt a tn " y effective air defeat day said he was opposed to raising the national cotton acreage allotment to 21,374,000 acres. Hopes for End To 'Delaying Tactics' Stated government, which strongly opposes any arms aid to India's northern neighbor. Pakistan Considered Communist China and Russia have chimed in with their act legislation setting the total at i 21 million. Secretary ol Agriculture Benson yesterday said his department will support a move to increase the allotment from 17 million acres it, will lessen the hardship of severe own j acreage reductions. protests against any U. S. mili- ! Commenting o! Benson's state- tary help for Pakistan. The Peip- menl, Gatchings said: ing government delivered a formal \ "I ihmt 19 million acres is enough protest note to Karachi yesterday, : acreage. That would give us a crop following up an identical note by : over 10 million bales next year." Moscow Oct. 30. | He said that, anything'over 10 ..„. „. Competent sources in Karachi , million bales would merely increase I with thousands of cotton farmers I said yesterday American leaders ' the exsinsting cotton surplus and ; the nation over, go to the now are considering building up : in the long run depress the price ! day to decide the fate of Pakistan to challenge Nehru's in- ! o! cotton. i quotas for their 1954 cottoi 90 Per Cent of Parity Guarantee Hinges On Election Outcome Mississippi County formers, along such an effort be undertaken. De tails of ihe report have never been made public, although an Air Force spokesman has said some of its recommendations have been adopted, others rejected. McCarthy said he will make his legislative recommendations when he and other Republican congressional .leaders and committee chai- men sit in at White House discussions Dec. 17-19. The conference will consider the administration's 1954 legislative program. Recommendations McCarthy listed among the recommendations he plans to make: ', Measures "to lighten up the | PARK (AP) — U. S. Secre tary of State Dulles arrived in Paris today for a meeting ol the NATO Council of Ministers and promptly expressed the hope that the Soviet Union would abandon its "dilatory delaying tactics." "We hope that they (the Russians! will participate in the Big Pour foreign ministers' meeting at Berlin on Jan. 4, a meeting of the foreign ministers that we have been trying and trying to get," Dulles said. The secretary of state, accompanied by his wife. Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey, Mrs. Humphrey, and a group of aides, flew in from Washington on President Eisenhower's plane, the Columbine. Dulles also told newsmen at the airport the U. S. Government is sincerely hopeful the Soviets will accept President Eisenhower's proposals for peaceful international use of atomic energy. Must Maintain Power Before leaving Washington last night, however, the secretary of state said that, meanwhile, it was essential for the free world to 'maintain the power to defend against and strike back against any aggressor. "It is largely through NATO," : added, "that we gain that power, in the common interest." Dulles will head the 15-man American delegation at the three- day ministers' meeting, the 12th called by the 14 NATO nations. The group also includes Defense Secretary. eharlesr.-E.v-Wilson, ..who ' is due to arrive later today. The Cabinet members will be joined by Harold E. STassen, director of U. S. Foreign Operations Administration, who is flying to Paris from Turkey. FATAL FALL FKOM GIANT SANTA *CLAUS — A moment'after this picture was t'dkcn, Roy Davis. 45. riding the steel ball on the crane cable at left, lost his grip and plunged 40 feet Lo his death on the concrete between the lect of the giant statue of Santn Glaus at Dallas. Tex. The 50-foot high stool and wire figure, covered with asbestos mniche, was put up by an automobile firm ;\t Dallas. That, is a full-sized new car in Santa's lap. Davis and the unidentified workman at right wrnt up to po.se for a picture after the statue was finished. (AP Wirepholo) non- j Gatchings said he would oppose j fluence and leadership Communist Asia. 1 the proposal in Congress anyway he Some key officials reportedly i could but added that since a pro- feel past overtures to the Indian i posal for 221/, million acre allot- leader have failed to produce even | ment passed the House last sum"friendly neutrality." Because of I nier, and is now pending in the this, the sources said, it is be- : Senate—"about all I can do is to lieved Nixon will recommend end- talk. No Action Taken On Textbooks LITTLE ROCK '/PI — With no if -3 tw-ft tv^,-^ T-,-, •-.-*- t .u i action, little applause and no dis- If a^ two thirds majonty of the 2. A proposal to induce reluctant ! cusslon. the Arkansas Legislative noils Tie - 1 eSPi ° Mge ac '" by Amoving a 10- mai-ko"ini! ; VCar IlmHatlon for Prosecution of ."crops; B *°™ s PMcellm. "Pionage of. "itV Of the 7 A m-/M-irt«nli«:_j... ing the "soft policy" toward Nehru, throwing more support behind Pakistan. County Gets Polio Funds National Foundation Aids Chapter Here The Mississippi County Infantile Paralysis Association has received $2,000 from the National Foundation to be used for hospital, nursing and medical bills which the Mississippi County chapter has assumed for polio patients, according to Ar- Harrison, Benson Recommends 21 Million Acres nation's cotton farmers approve the j witnesses to testify about suspect- quotas, they will be guaranteed 90 j ed espionage or Communist activ- per cent parity loans if they plant ity by granting them personal immunity from prosecution. One such bill is pending in the within their acreage allotments. For anyone overplanting his House but has lotment. he would pay a 50 per cent Housi of parity fine on his overplanted men ' -- ~. acreage before any of his crop on 1 tnR attorney general run into disagree- the open market and would be eli- j f ' n "' say gible. for no government loan. j muniiy. as to whether Congress 01 :ey general shouldd dd in the granting of im- Sliould the farmers fail to ap- ! Scores Council heard a 21-page report on an Investigation of sociology textbooks yesterday and went on to other matters. Presentation of the report by Dr. George S. Benson, Searcy, Harding College president, apparently ended a probe of a report that Arkansas schools and colleges were using 14 textbooks which might contain "un- s 5 ays fta//-* PlannedtoKill Partner ST. LOUIS (AP) — The resigned policeman who broke the Grecnlease kidnap-slaying ca.se says Carl Austin Mall planned lo kill his partner ;is ihe one person who could be identified as having a part in the crime. Louis Shoulders, in an exclusive* : interview with Globc-Dprnocnit, re- ! porter Ted Sc-hniers last night., , said Hall tohi him about thn plan ' Oct. 6, the night Hall was nrrestod. \ Hall, calling Mrs. Bonnie Brown j Heady "nothing but a drunken ' orean Talks; Meeting Envoy Terms / Red Charges 'Final Straw' By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM (AP) — U. S. envoy Arthur Dean abruptly broke off negotiations to set up a Korean peace conference today and angrily walked out in the midst of a marathon Communist harangue. Dean said the final straw was a charge that the United States connived with South Korea in the release of 27,000 anti-Red Korean war prisoners from Allied stockades last June. Dean said he treated the. Communist charge "as a reason to break off the talks. . . "I said they had accused my government of perfidy and that unless it was withdrawn I would interpret it as a motion on their side to indefinitely recess," the U. S. envoy told newsmen. He emphasized that only a direct request from the Communists, coupled with a full retraction of the charge, could get the seven- week-old preliminary peace negotiations under way again. Asked if he was going to Washington, he replied: "I don't know." Back by Christmas .It was reported Friday that the spokesman for 17 nations which fought in Korea probably would return to the United States before Christmas, leaving the stalemated negotiations in charge of his chief assistant. Dean's walkout ended a 5 hour 45 minute session, the longest Bince the talks began Oct. 26. The Reds became "ruder and ruder, more and more insulting and more arrogant" as the. long session wore on. Dean said. "It was evident," he added, ruaea'nd' so arrogant 1 as to force discontinuance of the talks." He said the Communists may have wanted to break off the negotiations because they want "to escape their responsibility under the armistice agreement for a of witnesses before Me-! American" doctrines. WASHINGTON i/pi —Secretary ; prove the quotas by a two thirds ' Carthy ' s investigating group and of Agriculture Ezra Benson says i vote Tuesday, then parity loans will : sim "ar Senate and House commit- he will recommend that Congress j s i idc to so per cent. I'?« have refused to answer ques-; Hobbs of the University of Penn- authonze 1954 cotton planting al-1 There would be no penalty fori Uons °n 'he ground they might 1 university 01 t enn Benson's discussion concerned study of 83 books by Dr. A. H. lotments of about 21 million acres, j overplanting under these conditions compared with the 17.9 million al- ! other that the farmer would forfeit ready alloted by him as the maxi- j his right lo obtain a 50 percent mum allowed by law. I parity loan. Acreage probably Benson made this known late! would still be controlled. yesterday in a formal statement in which he again expressed concern over hardships his allotment might e j;V"i" cause individual farmers in the cotton belt. Next year's crop will be grov/n Growers Eligible Farmers who grew cotton in 1953 OWi'.er. tenant or KA?.rc- cropper are eligible to vote in the referendum. In case of a family sharing in thur S. man. This year the county chapter is helping 77 patients and has spent its reserve fund, he said. During the year, a total of 512,175 was received from the national headquarters in the form of emergency aid. Many bill which the association owes will have to be deferred until the 1954 March of Dimes funds are made available, Mr. Harrison said. He estimated that by the end of the year the debt will rise to S4.000. Although the national foundation is spending »7,500,000 in the pro duction arid field testing of a vaccine, It will be at least a year before proven vaccine will be available for general distribution. The rising toll of polio and the debt which treatment has Incurred in this one county this year, shows how essential the fight against the disease Is, Mr. Harrison said. under allotments designed to cut production, only those who signed chapter chair- production and trim a big cotton ; O r entered into lease or rent agree- Scc BEN'SON on Page 8 I See COTTON on Page 8 Lehman Claims McCarthyssm Aids Reds More Than Secrets Asks Gifts tor Korea WASHINGTON Wj _ President yesterdny Elsenhower suggested tliat Americans give Christmas present donations to victims of the flre Hist destroyed more than 5,000 homes In Pusan, Korea. NEW YORK l/PV-Sen. Herbert H. Lehman (D, Lib-NY) says "McCarthyism" has created a situation in which "the Soviet Union has profited more than it could from knowing all our vital defense secrets." Lehman, addressing the Friends Committee on National Legislation last night, callpd Sen. Joseph E. McCarthy (R-\Vis>, Sen. William E. Jenncr (R-Ind) and Rep. Harold H. Velde (R-I11) "inquisitors." Referring to the "paralyzing influence of McCarthylsm," Lehman said It started as "a guerrilla activity" and since last January has become "a full-scale assault on the government service, the schools, the stage, the publishing world and even on our churches." "The effect has been to create have been far-reaching and appalling." he went on. addlne: "Tne effect has been to create sylvania, who said he found that , 33 of the texts contained biased reporters "I'm i material. He did not say which of these he objected to. Benson said he was concerned because Hobbs had found that some j of the material was "excessively j critical of our conventional American attitudes toward marriage, toward the private enterprise system, toward constitutional government and toward traditional religion." Rep. James R. Campbell of Garland County, who initiated the probe after reading a critical "newsletter" by Benson some months ago. was not present at incriminate themselves. McCarthy told reporU..., referring Taylor's file to the Army Sec SENATE on Page 8 City Car, Truck License Go on Sale Monday City automobile and truck license tags for 1054 will go on sale Monday In the City Clerk'c office in city Hall, w. I. Milan, city clerk, said today. Automobile owners are allowed until January 31 to get their llcen ycsterda y' s council meeting, se. Only information needed is the " ' make and model of the car Cost of the tag for cars and trucks remains $5, In. anticipation of the reopening bum," was quoted by Ihe former officer as saying the slaying \vaft planned for Oct. 7, apparently v.'ith the same weapon used to kill (i- year-old Bobby Grecnloase. Shoulders said Hall told him Mrs. Heady was the one who could he identified as a pnrticipfint in the crime. The 41-yonr-old divorcee was later identified as the %vnm;in . who took Bobby from the exclusive Kansas City school. Mrs. Heady has often o.xpres^cd intense love for Hall and has risked j that he be buried bcsids: her in a j family cemetery at Clarcmont, j Mo. The pair is .scheduled to die t together in the Missouri pcnitrn- • tiary gas chamber c;irly Df:c. lo. i Shoulders, who faces Police DP.- | partmcnt charges for his handling I of the niTp'-.t. challenged the Po- i lice Board to release a full tnin- | script of his testimony in the board's inquiry into the case. Wants Whole Story Told He also declared the confession introduced at the kidnaper's Kan- j sas City trial was -not Hall's full confession and challenged the FBI to release the complete- text. j "Why don't they tell the whole j story?" he raid. "The public i.-, entitled to all the facts from the Police Board and the FBI." Shoulders, who resigned from the police force .soon after the Sec GREENI,EASE on [>asr. 8 Only 50.7 per cent of the citizens of Blytheville who were con- r;!C'c;ri by the vol'intccr workers of the Community Chest Fund iTi::in'4 campaign have made do- na tioiH, according to Toltr B. Bi,i iianiian. chairman of the cni-.-a. A tol;,! of 3.870 people have hi-: n contacted by the Workers and only J.S67 of these have contributed, he said. Tims far a tola! of $21,252.25 has been colicered, which is 82 per tent of tllf- »oal of 525.867.50. Tf the rcmmning 1,503 people who were contiicted but did not eoiitnbuU; would £ivo as little as one dollar each, the fund would ri.-p much clo.sc'r to its goal, he said. A clean-up campaign will set under way Tuesday afternoon when the volunteer workers be- Ein tiuir Sf)lii:itn;ion cMi on the p<onk- \vho h-.'ive not been contacted previously. unified Korea." "It is obvious that they are now doing everything they can to prevent the unification of Korea," he added. Agreement With Rhee Shortly after the record session opened Dean accused the commu- | nists of holding American and I South Korean war prisoners as j slave laborers in China and Man• churia. Dean told newsmen he and President Syngman Rhee of South Korea reached an agreement in See REDS on Page 8 * ! * * i -.J,.- _ _ LI FlU I HJllS -|- ,1 . | Q /\Jlf?Q TiCd!! Rive ma fA'eryonc u-ho wl.-hes to Mr Ruehannun said, can then 1 contributions (o (lie Community chest at City Hall. By MII.O FARN'ETI PANMUNJOM I/PI—Six of the 22 American w a r prisoners who stayed with the Communists are to appear Monday before fellow Americans who will try to talk them info coming home. The 22 balky Americans and 1 Briton are reported to have promised to meet with U. S. persuaders. "They will come out," said Lt. Gen. K. s. Thimayya, Indian chairl man of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission. "I am quite sure they will come out." The Q. N. Command abruptly switched from interviews with South Korean prisoners after Red stalling tactics forced suspension of the sessions for the second straight day. The unexpected Allied move more disunity at home than we have had in generations. The gov ^ ernment service has been filled j of tn c air base, Mr. Miian said'.'extra with fear and paralyzed in the ex- I 'f,^ s _ we ','f, or dercd to take care of crcise of judgment. Civil liberties have been cast under a pall. The basic concepts of due process and of presumptive innocence until guilt has been proved have been I distorted beyond recognition." He continued, "From these pav- ticular developments, in my judgment, the. Soviet cause has profited more than H could from knowing all our vital defense secrete." McCarthy, Jennet 1 and Velrte "have undertaken to impose on this country not only their peculiar brand of political orthodoxy, but also their own violent concept of foreign policy," he asserted. "They propose not only to go it alone, but to do It alone, nnd to do It to everybody." Inside Today's Courier News • • • • Blytheville, l.raehvllle Victorious in Thrilling Cafe Battles; Twn More on Tap Tonight . . . Ontr.-nrle.atta Biylhevllle Fonttali Team Shoved Down lo Thinl-Strlns in Class AA AII- slalc Selections . . . Sports PW 5 .. . Word "Controversial" Hides Some Evil Connotations . . . Editorials . . . page 4.., . . . nycss: Conceived u Relief Measure . . . Courier News Kealure . . . page 3... February Draft Call Cut to 18,000 ( j came as U. S. envoy Arthur D^,... broke off negotiations to set up a Koren peace conference and announced thnt no further meetings See POIVs on Pa K e 8 By ^ELTON c. FAV WASHINGTON I*—The Pentagon, slashing its draft call for next February to 18,000 men, appeared today to be starting five months ahead of the originally contemplated schedule for cutting down the size of the Army. The new call is 5,000 below the monthly calls which have continued since last July—and something far different from recent statements by some Pentagon manpower experts that monthly quotas might be hiked to about 37,000. Secretary of Defense Wilson, however, was not one of those who made such statements. II was Wilson who announced the new February draff, calls yesterday — nnd It also was Wilson who on July 21 said, In answer to news conference questions, that he i where near that—while, balancing thought cnlls could he dropped to off losses through expiration of 15,000 or 18,000 with a truce in enlistments—it would have re- Korea. Wilson's comments yesterday came as he boarded a plane for lire. Paris after some intensive linal- hours work with other Pentagon officials on tile Defense Department's recommendations for the next liscal year. Wilson's comments seemed lo mean the Army di.'fimtoly has lost its battle a^'iiiust a suggestion from the top delense level that It reduce Its personnel strength from about l!i million now to 1.281,000 by July 1, the start of the next fiscal your. The Army previously had been gong ahead to bring its strength down to 1,423,000 by next July 1. quired n continuation of increase of Ihe 23,000 monthly induction ftg- II it was to hold a level some- have." Wilson was asked yesterday, as lie prepared to leave (or the North All.int.ic Treaty ministers' meeting in Paris, about ihe draft call plan and other matters. Can monthly calls be cut still mote bi"/ond 19,000? "I don't think so," lie answered. Can tin- dr.ifl bt- dropped? Not so long n.s the international situation imposes substantial military mnnpownr requirements—not "In the foreseeable future." ho said. If there were no draft, he added, "you probably couldn't maintain half the men we now Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy to partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight, colder with lowest 25-35 northwest and 30-40 in southeast portion to- nifiht, Sunday fair and warmer MISSOURI — Fair west and north, clearing southeast portion this afternoon. Warmer northwest and a little colder southeast this .iltcrnoon. Pair tonight. Minimum yt-steniiiy—-48. Minimum yesterday—38./ Sunrise tomorrow—6:58. i Sunset today—4:50. j rreclpltnlion l.".st 24 hours to'7-00 in. today—trace. Mpnn ti>mpL'niv..:o (mlrtwny between lBri nnf) low)—42. Precipitation Jnn. 1 to dAtf—38.77. This I>.tlp Last Year Maximum yesterday—55. Minimum yesterday—30. Precipitation Jnmmry 1 to dato— . 42.18,

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