Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on January 17, 1950 · Page 4
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January 17, 1950

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Tuesday, January 17, 1950
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MOB MM ALTOM SVtNINO TtLlOHAMI TU1IDAV, JAHUAUr tl, Itso •LTIMtlRIIC fllKMPI •aa Sunday w«t*i> fey e*m*»: *HhMi' 100 mlUti tl.OP fttyoM H» Jtetcntf M Mcmrt-elaM matter arthei ***<***• Alton. 01, Act ol Paw***. Mwt» t, UM. tl 46 Tto It* AMKIMM ___ I* CMMMSJ fMllltl««l> .1) *» •« A«*«rtl»tM Gen 'Hap' AraeM, Great American Gen. Henry H. (Hip) Arnold", Americt'i fint general of the air force, died at the early age of «J— and America lost « great man. His carter coincided with highlights in th« development of cur air force —and in 194? he commanded a force of more than 70,000 planes and 2,200,000 men. This was, the greatest flying force ever assembled by a nation, and in the far corners of the world hit men waged the battle for freedom. In northeastern Europe, in Africa, in the Balkans, in the Near East, and in the Pacific, American fliers pounded the enemies of decency. Never in history had one nation battled on to many fronts. The achievement that seemed impossible became » fact.. A pioneer in the belief that wars would be won by air power, Gen. Arnold was in the forefront of developing the mighty force that dealt death blows to the enemy. Gen. "Hap" Arnold was a great general, and t great American. Give To Fight Polio Whenever There'* a Drive The annual winter polio fund campaign has been launched in the U. S. by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. In Alton, containers in which donations are to be placed will be set out by the Alton Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Jaycecs, however, will not embark upon an intense polio fund drive because they staged their annual push last September and, at that time, promised they would not have another drive in January. By collecting $10,529.42, the Jaycces illustrated their point that polio fund drives should be made at the time when polio cases are prevalent and comprise daily news. Yet, the Alton public should not feel it has done iti part to provide polio funds. The current polio campaign also is a legitimate drive, under the auspices of the National Foundation. High officers admit the Foundation is sorely pressed for money. It is necessary here to be brief in citing the good accomplished by the National Foundation. The evidence of its benefactions are around us. Many a child, who would be forlorn and helpless for a lifetime if id parents had to raise the money for medical expenses alone, has been treated and is able to walk. The Jaycees collections went to the National Foundation as will any donations nude during the present drive. Though the Alton Jiycees and Foundation officials may disagree concerning the timing of the fund drives, each faction adheres to the purpose of the drive and neither has permitted the dispute to cut into cither's fund campaigns. The Foundation needs money, whether it is given in the fall or winter. It is not so much a question of WHEN the money is given as it is s question of HOW MUCH money is given. The best way to reflect a proper attitude toward tht polio campaign is to give generously to the cause —•mo matter when a polio fund drive is underway. 28 Years Ago lummy 17, 192$ Samuel M. Wyss, who had for several yearn been president of, and holder of controlling Interest* In, the Alton Banking A Trust Co., had disposed of hit tlock And was to retire from the, banking business. HI* stock had been •purchased by August Luer, chairman of the board of directors of the Instltu tlon, and president of Luer Brothers Packing A Ice Co. Mr. Luer was to be made president of the bank, and was to have controlling Interest. In the bank. Mr. Wyss was to give all his lime to the glass-making Industry. Me was president of the Obear-Nester Glass Co., with plants at East St. Louis and Kansas City. The following students were to be graduated from Milton, Horace,Mann rind Lincoln Junior High Schools on Jan. 22: Milton—Irene Burrls, AUan Cart wrlght, Kenneth Curry, Holda Emery, Marvin Fields, Thomas Gossard, Lucille Marshall, Charles Smith, James Taylor, Clarence Tungett, Horace Mann—Eunice Beatty, John J, Bright, Walter Brown, Chauncey Adolph Clayton, Ida L. Daubman, Mildred Dorothy Dtckerson, Florence T. Finch, Floyd James Finch, Dennis , Allen 'Fllnn, Ethel Harriet Fuller, Florence Marie Hand, Dorothy Mae Hausman, Carolyn Marlellen Hilton, Wyman Aaron Lee Hood, Dorothy Louise Hoppe, Edward Gerhardt, Haze) Katherine McKinney, Edna Maison, Elva Neuhaua, Lillian M. Newman, Paul Nlco- let, Rosabel Margaret Norton, Elbert C. Page, Dor-, othea Penning, Claude Hamer Reed, William F. Richards, Robert Clarence Rlngerlng, Anna C. Robinson, Edward T. Rose, Dorothea Leona Ryan, F. Klngsley Schwenkc, Leroy Schuster, Agnes Marie Smith, Theresa A, Spurgeon, Loretta Thompson, Mclta Kathryn Tittle, Everett W. Turner, H. Lucille Tyner, Durward L. Watson, Eugene H. Wenzel, Almeda Ellen Wooldrldge, and Warren Wlnfleld Wuthenow. Lincoln — Mary Allen, Hazel Atherton, Dorothy Ballard, Wllma Belser, Evelyn Bott, Robert Bennet, Hibbard Brown, Ray Bunyan, Mollle Burgan, Ralph Byron, Forest Combs, Wesley Conway, Richard Cousley, Wllma Crawford, Gladys Darnell, Walter Dick, Webster Edsall, Claretta Evans, Robert Ray Foster, Joslah Freeland, Chester Fulkerson, Alma Gernigan, Aline Gtssal, Justlna Gottgetrue, Catherine Grlffee, Herbert Hack, Rose Hellrung, Elizabeth Heuser, Glea Hicks, borothy Jenkins, Ruth Johnson, Ernest Kastern, Arthur Koch, Karl Kramer, Melba Kunneman, Merland Lagemann, Frances Levin, Lester Llnd, Doris McDow, Suzanne McKinney, Florence McLaln, Daisy Jane McMurtry, Eunice Marshal, Marjorle Maupin, Joseph Montgomery, Clara Moody, Lee Moorehead, George Musgrave, Flossie Navllle, Goldle Newberry, Stephen Owsly Gladys Pierce, Juanita Poore, Catherine Randall, Mary Reid, Mildred Rue, Eugene Rich, Wllma Robertson, Ernest Rose, Clara Rundell, Emma Russell, Rosalie Sanders, Harold Scheffel, Alyne Schneider, Helen Schuete, Leslie Schwartz, Bertha Sehwartzle, Lucius Shepard, Harvey Sldner, Tanner Smith, Marie Starkey, Leonard Stocker, Nancy Lou Swain, Frank Tuetken, Mildred Thorpe, Nelson Welndel, Rath- ryne Wilson, Pauline Wilson, George Wreath and Mary Virginia Young. SO Years Ago The Saa Wasa't Throttled By Newsprint, Prlees Aloae In a move typical of our times, the American Newspaper Guild has asked Rep. Oiler of New York to investigate newsprint producers and the price* they charge—since the New York Sun's absorption by the World Telegram. The Sun'i management had cited increasing costs of production plus decreasing advertising lineage as the twin causes for its demise. The Guild, in its wire to Rep. Celler, points to a 104 percent price rise in newsprint over the last decade. It omits mention of other phases in the cost of production increase. We can't blame the Guild for wanting to point this out and rap someone else for the fact that a lot of it* good members face loss of their jobs. But per- hap* it would have been more just had the Guild mentioned the rise in wage and salary scales during the last 10 years—which h« been just about equal to the newsprint price rise in rate and represents a larger portion of a newspaper's production cott than dots newsprint. Another thing which the Guild might have considered is the fact that newsprint prices haven't gone up for the last two or three years. Throughout the country, however, newspaper* are (till facing pressure for higher and higher pay for their employes, accompanied by shorter hour*, or increasingly costly "security" features, plus a government enforced increase (from one to I'/i percent now) in social security taxes. We hold no special brief for newsprint manufacturer*—who may be facing riling cott* of production, too, if the trend in American wage scales is any criterion. It merely seems unfair of the Guild to »sk Rep. Celler's investigation of the newsprint situation without suggesting an inquiry into all sides of problem — even management's own draft on newspaper treasuries, if the Guild so desires. After Tain Maca Encouraging thing about the forthcoming library "straw vote" Saturday is the widespread will- ingocss to make it possible. About one-third ol the regular city election polls [kills, volunteered to serve at the election without ', And that's quite an offer. Voting hours, don't :, art from < a. m. to f p. m. Additional vol- have been secured to fill out tht needed > imporw* though, art tht m* and wo- y undtrtakto the task of 'llf have wi |t (bate pftpartUoiu. cUd mucJ) done for dwia, the tat the mi can do Saturday ii 19 mib their the ballot. •*NW& wy*-^ v January 17 t 1900 The Bluff. Line, had completed laying steel for Its new main line track along an embankment, or fill, near the edge of the river between Watson's.quarry and the waterworks. The new track, half a mile in length, was to go Into use as soon as it could be connected at each end to the old main line. Abbut 25,000 yards of earth and stone had been used for the fill. The space inside the embankment now was to be smoothed off to provide a switching yard, and a steam shovel was at work removing earth to provide a route for the county road between the face of the bluffs and the new trackage. Next, step In the Bluff Line program was to be a fill to provide a roadbed for the new track past the old vinegar factory which was being remodeled into a freight house. The city council committees on railroads and ordinances, with Mayor Young and City Counsellor Yager, met with representatives of the C. & A., Big Four, and Illinois Terminal to consider nn adjust-) ment of differences between the Belt (Bridge) railroad and the Terminal which sought a connection from Henry to union depot nnd the levee tracks. This group named a sub-committee composed of Mayor Young, Aldermen Armstrong and Daniels, Henry Watson, L. D. Yager, E. E. Rutledge, and H. G. McPlke to meet with H. H. Ferguson and representatives of the Belt railroad. Freight business of the I. T. on its Edwardsville extension was increasing, and the forenoon train from the County Seat numbered 33 cars. Jack Norton was nsslgned to be-engineer of the new locomotive, just received. Capts. Henry nnd H. W, Leyhe, and Thomns Renrdon left for Pnducah to put the Joaie back in *ervlce transporting ties on Tennessee river. All Eagle boats, returning from Paducah when navigation ol the Mississippi reopened, were to be loaded with tie* consigned to St. Louis and Alton. Recommended by the Republican executive committee for appointments as census enumerators In Alton were Frank Fisher, J. N. Ashlock, Ben Allen, John Curdle, William Turk. Edward Yager, Emll Koch, K. V. Crossman, Moses Hall, Val Lehman, Henry Faulstlch, Landolin Walters, William Reinhart, Ed Deterdlng (North Alton), and the Rev. H. M. Chlttendon. Nominated from Wood River township were George Johnson of Upper Alton, and George A. Klein; from More, Earnest A. Smith; from Fosterburg, A. L. Foster; and from Godfrey, William Hall. Plans were In progres* to form a local here of Amalgamated Association of Street Railway Em- ployes, and application for n charter had been made. Conductors and molonncn planned to ask a pay In- tnc ! crease to $50 a month, It was said. The company had promised Increased wage* after the new cross-town carllne extension was completed. Edward Grady, 82, died at his home at 521 East Ninth. He had resided here 53 years, and since death of hi* wife, Ihe former Mary Mcchan, his daughter, Ml** Ellen Grady, made her home with hltn, caring for him during a long period of failing health. A cottage and greenhouM had been completed In Rock Spring Park, under the program of the street car company, and a second greenhouse now was under construction. William E. Gradolph wat appointed postmaster at Clifton. James Young, E, C. Bradley, William Turk, and Ed Magulre tecured employment with a at root railway line In St. Lout*. Peter Reyland bought Oscar Keller'* lntere«t I'D a grocery at Ninth and Henry, and it was to be operated at Reyland Bros., with Keller a* manager. Mr. and Mrs. William Man* mourned death of their Infant child. Mr. and Mr*. A. C. Williams were to make a stay of three week* In Washington. The village of East Alton placed an order for 25 Incandescent gasoline itreet lights. NotetoTrutnan: It'll Have to Be $40,000 aYear! WASHINGTON, Jan. It—When President Truman taw a vision of $12,000 a year as the Income of the average family In the year 2lJbO, he omitted to predict what each of those dollars would be worth. Economists' have figured out that, If the present trends con* tlnue, the dollar will be worth 18 Cents in purchasing power 50 years hence. All that one has to do to realize how much everything Is dependent on what a dollar will buy Is to go back to 1900 and see how much could be bought then. On the basis of a 1935-1939 dollar of 100 cents, It was possible to buy $1.94 worth of goods or food for $1 in 1900, whereas In 1950 the dollar buys only 60 cents worth In relation to the 1935-39 dollar. That's why It Is Important to know what the dollar will buy and not depend on mere quantity to paint pictures Of a millenium. The 1900 dollar could buy a haircut for 15 cents, a suit for $10, fresh country eggs for 15 cents a dozen, and a quart of milk for only five cents In most cities. Shirts were 80 cents and good shoes $2.75 a pair. For $4200 a big house could be built. It Is true- wages were low, but so were prices. A family that managed to save 525,000 could retire and have comforts that could not begin to be bought today for • the interest, on that sum. But gradually the dollar underwent change. By 1920, after World War I, the dollar had shrunk to 70 cents In purchasing power. Incomes had to go higher but they apparently did not have to rise precipitately, because prices did not rise uniformly. Bread was 11 cents a loaf, however, and milk had gone to nearly 17 cents a quart and eggs were up to 68 cents a dozen. Then prices began to turn downward in the '20's. During the depression of 1929 to 1933 the purchasing power of the dollar rose, but by 1939 the dollar had started to shrink in value once more. World War II, of course, brought serious complications in the price structure. Although controls helped lo restrain prices, wages nevertheless moved slowly but surely upward, and early in 1946 the movement was begun to pay workers the same amount of money for 40 hours of work in time of peace as had been paid in wartime for 40 hours plus time- and-a-half for' four hours of overtime. This sent the price structure Into an upward spiral .and the nation has not recovered from, it since. The dollar buys much less how than it did in 1939. A $10,000 house of 1939 costs $21,000 to build today. Milk is 21 cents a quart. Medium-priced suits are $50 and shoes are around $9 a pair. Some products fortunately are less. Despite ail .the hullabaloo about electric power companies and the alleged advantages of public ownership, the rates which are paid Tor electricity are less than were paid by the average family 25 years ago. An.automobile, even at $1500, is less expensive than the 1900 models. So if President Truman Is really thinking- in 'terms of a good standard of living, he must find a way to get the average family income up to $40,000 in order for that family to enjoy the equivalent of a $12,000 income of today when 2000 A. D., conges around. To retire and, live on what a six percent income on $25,000 would have bought in 1900, the citizen would have to look forward to a nest egg of $270,000—and then find a way to get a six percent yield on Income. More attention will have to be centered on the purchasing power of the dollar when forecasts of what incomes will be 50 years from now are made by the politicians. It suggests really how weak the dollar of today is and how much it can be affected further by unsound fiscal policies of the government and irresponsible pressures by economic groups in our midst. 'Reproduction Rights Reserved! • SMe Glance* CM. ISM tr M* StMIM. *C. T. •. lea. «, I MV. C*T. "Please don't tell me to stay home from the office and rest, Doctor—for ten years my wife has been storing up a list of things for me to do!" • Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Aid for Yugoslavia WASHINGTON, Jan. 17. — A secret huddle of Russian and Hungarian generals plotting an attack on Yugoslavia Is the inside reason for the State Department's sudden offer to aid Yugoslavia, If she is threatened. American Intelligence agents in Vienna and Belgrade picked up the alarming report of the Russian military conference from the anti- Communist Hungarian. u n d e r- ground. Stalin attached such importance to the conference, according to this report, that he sent both his No. 1 aide, Georgi Malenkov, and Marshal Constantin Rokossowskl, who is organizing the satellite defenses in Eastern Europe. Chief decision reached at the conference, according to the underground, was to build bases in the Tatra mountains of Hungary for firing rockets into Yugoslavia. A few days after this report was received, jj. S. Ambassador George V. Allen told reporters in Belgrade that Washington is ready to help Yugoslavia "preserve her independence and sovereignty". So far, the iroivnerved Tito has taken these reports coolly. He told American officials he regards the rumors of imminent attack as part of Russia's "war of nerves" on him, and predicts large-scale "guerrilla" warfare against Yugoslavia this year, using the hard- bitten Communist troops .who fought in the Greek mountains. The fighting will be billed by Soviet propaganda as an "uprising" of Yugoslavs. Tito as a master at guerilla warfare himself and has estab lished a defense line in the moun tains. Klcphiint's Stroll it Expensive HAMBURG—UPt—Nelly, a fugitive elephant from a German circus, took nn expensive stroll through the streets of Hamburg recently. She bowled over a candy stand 'and ate 10 pounds of chocolates. Then she topped off her meal with razor blades, a hair brush, and a bar of soap plucked with her trunk from the pocket of a petrified bystander. U. S. Policy on Franco Franco Spain received almost as much attention as the burning j question of what to do about Formosa when Secretary of State JDean Acheson was closeted for six action-packed hours with the House foreign affairs committee last week. The meeting was so secret that Chairman John Kee of West Virginia banished his official reporter, so that no written record would be made of the proceedings. However, Acheson's arguments on Formosa were similar to thow ho gave the Senate the day before, though his delineation of Spanish policy was so complete that it should have been presented to the American people. Acheson left no doubts either about the State Department's opposition to the Franco dictatorship. There never can be a real understanding between the United Slates and Spain while Franco stays In power, he said, and it Is time the Spanish people were waking up to the fact. So far as he was concerned, Acheson said, we should continue to withhold full recognition of Spain (we partly recognize her now through a charge d'affaires) until Franco is turned out. Acheson frequently referred to the Tooaervllle Folk* By FoMlaine F** Spanish dictator as "undependable" and irreconcilable In his contempt for democracy. -^ Franco Hinder* Trade The secretary of state added, however, that If the United Nations ever rescinded its 1946 resolution — which led most member nations to recall their ambassadors to the Franco government-the United States could hardly refuse 'to re-establish an embassy in Madrid. "But it is not our intention to initiate such action," reported Acheson. "To do so would imply approval of the Franco government. On the other hand, I think recognition would come quickly if there was a change of government." He -hastened to add that he meant no criticism of the Spanish people, of whom he had the highest regard, but only of the government leaders who were preventing them from sharing in the progress of European democracies. Spain probably would be getting Marshall plan aid right now, but for Franco, Acheson pointed out. He also explained that the European Cooperation Administration had found it virtually impossible tn do business with Franco because of the restrictions he placed on American aid and his refusal lo abide by ECA regulations. For instance, Acheson pointed out, Spain limits foreign investment in industrial plants to 25 percent and prohibits altogether any foreign participation in plant management. Also, Franco freezes profits so as to virtually prohibit reinvestment in plant expansion. Murder on Formosa v » During his remarks on Formosa, Acheson was asked by Representative Walter Judd of Minnesota, a vigorous advocate of aiding Chiang Kai-shek, if our "desertion" of Chiang had not led many Chinese to join the Communist forces. "I think not," replied Acheson. "I think the generalissimo lost out because he was strictly a military leader who failed to grasp, or had not the ability to put into effect, the social reforms that were needed to raise the shocking living standards in China." This and the exploitation of China by Chiang and his crooked war lords left the door wide open for Communist agitators, he said, adding that the Formosan people have also been victimized by Chiang and his henchmen. Numerous Formosan natives who rebelled against Chiang's mistreatment have been executed, while still .others of the upper classes, including doctors and lawyers, have been put to death for the "crime of owning property," Acheson informed the shocked committee. Tide ol Toys Here I* how the veterans of the American Legion, who have fought our wars In the past, now are fighting the battle for peace by collecting toya for the children who will be our beat friends or Europe's enemy soldiers of the next generation: When a $40,000 fire swept the home of Concord, N. H., Post 21, firemen and legionnaire* concentrated on saving four huge crate* in the basement filled with 4000 toys contributed by the city'* children. "Our building was covered by insurance but the toys were not," explained post Conmmander John Sander*. . . . Among caah contribution* for TOT at Tacoma, Wash., wa* S10 from Sgt. William L. Reed, a patient of Madlgan General Hoipltal. Sergeant Reed, a combat veteran of the Battle ot Baatogne, requested that toya purchased with the • money be given to children of that war- scarred town. ... TO handle the packing and shipping of their toy* tor Europe, the children of Santa Claus, Ind., had a tried and trusted agent—St. Nick himself, in the person of Ray L. WooUolk, commander of the legion't Santa Clau* Post 242. He added thit letter of greeting: "A few short yeart ago, many of our member* met you, the children of Europe. Seeing at flr«t hand what wajr doe* to the nnocenta, they ple4|td themtelve* to do everything In their power to prevent a recurrence of war. At thl* time, when the Prince of Peace should prevail over all and good old St. Nichola* 1* spreading ch«W and happln?** to the chUv Robert & 41k* Report* Trial In Hongkong WAMtiNGfCMt, Jin, i7-ThJ tot* ot rortiwi* m*y IM decided ill a ciotMtted Brita* courtroom MU. 'am William Donovan has cabled Wathlngtoft. fit* war-time OSS commandtr it In tin Brttlih crown colony wa«- int a tent* legal battle to prevent a fleet 6t Hi DC*4 trantport planet Irom failing tnto Communltt hands. With thet* planet the Conv munlttt couM launch an airborne Invasion that might make them mattert of Formoa. Numerous landing strips exit. throughout the embattled Island. Aiso, the Communists have considerable underground and guerrilla forcet there, and the native population It far from friendly to the Nationalists. The 75 transports are grounded at Kawel airdrome in Hongkong. They are part of a fleet of 84 that was virtually a U. S. gift to the Nationalists. The other nine planes were flown Into Communist territory by turncoat employes of the China National Aviation Corp., and the China Air Transport Service. MaJ. Gen. Claire Chennault headed both companies. He Is now head of Civil Air Transport Corp., • new, Delaware-chartered concern that took over the holdings of CNAC and CATS. Donovan flew to Hongkong to act as Chennault's attorney in an Involved legal battle against Communist claims to the planes, This .fate-fraught struggle is proceeding under difficulties. Not being a British national, Donovan Is barred from direct appearance before the Hongkong Supreme Court, For that purpose, he had to retain British attorneys. They are making the formal presentations, while he is masterminding the case In the background. The Communists are doing the same. They also have employed leading British attorneys. Thus, the cream of Hongkong's legal fraternity are arrayed against each other in this fight. Donovan's strategy is to stall for time. He is doing that by filing numerous motions on international law technicalities. One crucial reason for Donovan's strategy is the 90 carloads ot U. S. tanks, arms and other equipment now enroute to the Nationalists on Formosa. If the Communist assault can be delayed until these weapons arrive, Donovan believes the Nationalists can ! successfully resist invasion. Note: During Secretary Dean Acheson's four-hour executive session with the foreign relations committee, Senator Arthur V a nden berg (R., Mich.) asked about the legal and historical background of Chinese possession of Formosa. Acheson replied, "At the Cairo conference, the Allies agreed . that Japan had seized the island from China by aggression and conquest. This was reiterated at the Potsdam Conference." Note: In a talk with President Truman and Acheson, Senator Homer Ferguson (R., Mich.), recently returned from the Far East, reported he had found ' numerous American business representatives in Hongkong waiting for U. S. recognition of the Communists. "They were acting as If the£ were about to embark on a gold rush," Ferguson dren of 'the world, we reaffirm that pledge. We will endeavor to place in the hands of some boy or girl any letters you may write to Santa Claus Post, in order that you may have a pen-pal in this country.". . . . Chester, Pa., collected 20,000 toys, and the whole town joined in a big parade down .the main street to send the shipment off to near-by Philadelphia. . . . Harold J. Keating, managing 'editor of the Main Line, Ti,, Times, personally dispatched 11,000 letters, asking a toy apiece, to school children of Lower Merlon township. The response: 10,000 toys so far with a good chance of 100 percent participation. . . . Richland, Wash., an "atomic" town of 20,000 people (site of a huge plutonium plant) contributed 4000 toys for Europe's children. (Copyright, IBM. by Bell Syndicate. Inc.) Mid. "In my opinion, they are going to be disappointed In doing Btiiinett with communist*. The communists win make dealt only so long as It suits their purpote, and then they will klek these people out, Jutt at the Communists have and are doing in Europe." Brilliant flttart Connecticut's new Senator William Benton made a 'big hit at his first meeting of the committee on executive expenditure!. Cognizant of the old Senate tradition that, ''Newcomers are teen and not heard," he men. culoutly tald nothing throughout the session. But at the meeting ad> journed Benton broke his silence. "Gentlemen," he said solemnly, "I believe you will agree with me that I am not exaggerating in asserting that I performed brilliantly at this meeting.'* The other members applauded loudly. Teugk Spot The administration Is in a tough spot In the acrimonious fight over liberalizing the displaced persons law. Only one member of the Senate judiciary subcommittee on immi. gration,'which Is handling the bill, li» for the administration. He it Senator Herbert O'Conor (D., Md.). The other members are backing Committee Chairman Pat McCarran (D., Nev.), who ii violently opposed to modifying the law. This situation ties the administration's hands until the issue comes before the full judiciary committee. There the story is different. A bi-partlsan majority favors liberalization. The same is true In the Senate. But the big rub Is to get the issue out of McCarran's hands. So far, he still has a tight hold. Philippine War Claims The Philippine War Damage Commission has paid out $17,. 000,000 to 339 individuals anl firms, but the agency still has not disclosed their Identity to Congress. This is one of the startling things about an unpublished report the commission has submitted to the House foreign affairs committee. Amounts paid the 339 claimants range from $250,000 to $5,000,000. But the Commission's report con- .tains only the barest details about these payments. Yet, the report makes this admission: "The daily distribution of 3000 war-damage checks has created the opportunity i'or the victimization of claimants by unscrupulous persons. Numerous instances of tampering with ths mails, and the theft and forgery ot checks, have been reported. Th» commission also was advised of many instances in which claimants were charged exorbitant fees and discounts for the cashing of checks." According to the report, the commission 'has paid out $165,000,000 of the $400,000,000 voted by Congress for Philippine war claims. Also, of the more-than 3,250,000 claims filed, it is admitted that 900,000 were paid after only a cursory examination. Members of the Commission are Chairman Frank Waring, former Far Eastern expert of the Export-Import Bank; John A. O'Donnell, Scranton, Pa., and Francisco A. Delgado, Manila. Here and There Republican National Committee strategists are trying to figure out a way to ditch California's Attorney-General Frederick Napoleon Howser. They don't want him on the state ticket because of his noisy brawls with California crime officials. Also, one of his agent* was convicted on graft charges. GOP leaders want a less 1 controversial figure than Howser ai the party's candidate for attorney- general. . . . According to the latest "rumor" emanating from the joint congressional atomic energy committee, Russia is now making four A-bombs a month. . .. As a decoration in his office, New York's Senator Herbert Lehman has hung iy> a huge UNRRA banner. He once headed this UN organization. Alongside the banner are photos of Lehman with the late President Roosevelt. (Copyright. IBM. Pott - H«ll Syndicate. Inc.) On the Air Waves Answer to Previous Puzzle HORIZONTAL 4 Particle 1,5 Depicted 5 Woe radio 6 Morindin dye performer 7 Knock 9 Rounded • Acrimonious U King's home » Label 13 Exist 10 Before 14 Constellation 11 Seed container U Metal fastener 12 Compass point 17 Proceed 15 Preposition 18 Corrected 18 Cutting tool 20 Down IB Diamond- II Out of (prefix) cutter's cup 22 Correlative 21 Emanate of either 23 Meal 24 Identical 24 Fly aloft 26 Skin of a beast 25 Operatic solo 29 Mineral rock 27 Jump 30 Vegetable 31 Ventilate 82 Swiss river 33 Fury 35 Snakes ' M Symbol (or erbium 37 And (Latin) 31 Exclamation 40 She is • radio 40 Laughter sound 48 Be sea4«d 50 Expunge 51 Aseitt SZUndevitjtlng 54 Barter* 56 Cloy If Son o(Seth (Bib.) WTICAI, } Roman emperor { Anger Symbol lor 28 Sailor* 34 Age 35 Roman bronie 38 Onager 39 Strike* 41 Surrender 42 Attempt 43 Egyptian sun god 44 East (Fr.) 45 Withered 46 Hastens 47 Paid notice* in newspaper* 49 Afternoon social event 91 Bustle 53 Near 55 Any

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