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My Neighbors Chattin' Creek Bottom. Comments Established In 1914 py NATIONAL EDITORIAL 62 lftfi|& ^JJ ^V With Stoney — By Reuben Subscription Rates In Fayette and Adjoining Counties Outside Payette and Adjoining Counties $3.00 Per Year $3.50 Per Year The Leader is published- weekly in Fayette, Iowa, and distributed on Thursday morning. Entered at the Post Office at Fayette, Iowa as second class matter, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Maurice Stoneman, Owner and Publisher "Someday, son, all this will be yours." Editorial Comments - True - But! A number of writers on economic affairs discount the possibility of a new wave of inflation. They point out that the price increases which have recently occurred have been minor; that over the last two years a degree of relative price stability seems to have obtained; that competitive pressures in both domestic and international markets arc acting as a brake on price hikes of any signficancc, and that there is an abundance of goods and services of "every kind, in some instances amounting to a surplus. This is all true. But a nagging question remains: How long can price stability last in the face of the government's current fiscal policies? Unbalanced budgets are not the only cause of in flation. But they are one of the main causes and, given certain sets of circumstances, they become the decisive force by far. The once-held hope for a balanced budget in the next year or two has vanished. The prospect is for more deficits, and larger deficits. This amounts to giving hostages to fortune. What is needed is to erect a wall around price stability, so to speak, by reducing and eliminating government spending wherever possible-including, above all, more Welfare State spending. Then the possibility of more Inflation really will diminish. And then our ability to compete in the world markets-a competition that will largely determine our economic strength and our future prosperity-will be enormously strengthened. Straws In The Wind A highly centralized government creeps up on a people slowly. In the United States it invades the various states bit by bit. The people accept a gift from Washington and in so doing lose n little more local independence. Eventually states fall under federal authority in local affairs as federal aid extends from the cradle to the grave. We have federal money loaning, federal housing, federal planning for our future, federal farm controls, federal taxes for travel, plans for federal medicine, federal electricity, etc., etc. Each one limits individual activities. Just another straw in the wind of federal control of the individual is the proposed federal tax on boats and the elimination of the right to claim a 2-cent per gallon refund on non highway gas. In the majority of measures which extend federal authority over states, the people are not aware of what is happening to individual and states rights. Tlie boat license issue brings federal control right home to the Individual so he can understand it. If it is right for boats in a state, why not a federal license < for cars, marriage licenses, dog licenses, building* permits or nny other function now under state jurisdiction? It's something to think about. Let's Talk Gardens By M. C. Wangsness June is a good month to start new perennials for next year's garden. Many varlties are easily grown from seed. If you start them this month, they'll bloom for you in 1963. The ideal place for starting perennial flowers is in a cold frame. A structure of this kind will protect the small seedlings from beating rains. Cold frames are easily shaded, too. Some of the tender plants must be protected from the full sun by a covering of cheesecloth or similar material. Another advantage' of the cold frame: it allows you to build your own soil mix. If your soil isn't suited to the growing of tiny seedlings, you can add sand and peat or compost to prepare an ideal mixture. If you don't have a cold frame in your garden, don't let that stop you from sowing perennial seeds. Select a small plot, prepare the soil carefully, then sow seeds. You're not likely to get as good a stand in the open ground, but with good management, you'll bring some of the plants through for next year's garden. Conserve space by sowing the seeds in rows, four to six inches apart. A lath or ruler can be pressed into the prepared seedbed to make the rows. After the seeds are sown, cover lightly with sand, then water, Keep the soil constantly moist to encourage germination and a good stand of plants. The seedbed should have light shade, whether it's in a cold frame or in the open. If you're fortunate enough to have a cold frame, you can lower the sash, but do not close it completely. Leave an opening for ventilation. Cover the sash with two thicknesses of cheesecloth. In the open, a single layer of cheesecloth can be used to shade the -seedbed. Support the cloth with stakes and wires. After thfi seedlings have developed a pair of true leaves, they can be transplanted to rows in the open garden, spacing them four six Inches apart. The cheesecloth shade will help prevent rapid drying of the soil and will protect the plants from bright sunlight. You can also use your cold frame for rooting shrub cuttings. The cuttings of shrubs and roses can be stuck into clean, sharp , « sand, and the sash lowered. Again , „»...*.« , it will be necessary to use a extension Council Activities Calendar shade as suggested for growing perennial flowers. Hight humidity Thursday, June 28 — ^^J* lamb demonstration and auction - 8 a. m. water, two or three times each day, will be helpful in rooting Monday, July 2 — some of • the woody plants, yon . * jj7J, h to ffrow Extension Council Meeting rmjmto *fpw. Brown Swiss canton show • Use early-maturing varities when you plant the last of June or the first part of July. Marcross, for example, matures if it's planted by the fourth of July. Fertilizer applications are just as important for late-planted vegetables as they were earlier in the season. You can apply the fertilizer in two bands, four inches apart, with sweet corn seed placed between these bands. The fertilizer should be placed an inch below the level of the seed. One or two pounds (a quart is about two pounds ) of a complete fertilizer can be used for each 100 feet of row. Fertilizer with a 10-10-10, 12-12-12, 1Q-6-4 and other analysis are, suitable. The added nutrients will speed growth of the corn and will result in better yields. If you're planting other vegetables at this time, they will also respond to a fertilizer application. You may find that you have space available for replanting, since some of the early vegtables have matured and have been removed ,from the garden. Snap beans, beets, carrots, sweet corn, Chinese cab huge, kohlrabi and cucumbers, if planted now, should reach maturity before the growing season ends. One of the secrets of getting n good stand of plants when seeds are sown during the summer is to prevent drying-out of the soil. At this time of the year, seeds can be planted twice as deep as they were in the spring, Light watering of the newly-seeded rows will help in getting more uniform germination. Vance suggests a light covering of straw, peat or even grass clippings to prevent crusting of the soil and to aid the plants in coming up. Renovate the strawberry bed just as soon as the harvest is over. The sooner renovation is done, the faster runner plants are produced. These early runner plants usually form the best fruit buds. Strawberry fruit buds are formed in August and September. Remove the oldest plants leaving the young vigorous plants spaced 8 to 10 inches apart. Apply a complete commercial fertilizer, then water to get a quick start with runner-plant development. Iowa State University Pamphlet 224 gives full details on growing strawberries. Takes officer training Sp4 Richard A. Dove of Fayette, a member of the Iowa Army National Guard's Company D, 1st Battle Group, 133rd Infantry at Oelwein, is among 1B5 Guardsmen now taking two weeks of training at Iowa's "Little West Point" at Camp Dodge near Des Moines. Dove is among 111 of the 185 who are officer candidates at the Iowa Military Academy, training school for officers of the Iowa Army National Guard. The other 74 are attending the academy's first noncommissioned officer School. Both groups are receiving instruction in basic and special Army subjects. Upon completion of one-year program which includes two week summer training periods and eight week-end training periods throughout the year at the academy, Dove will be commissioned as a second lieutenant in his National Guard unit if a vacancy exists. Dove is a member of the IMA plebe class. Forty-six Guardsmen in the advanced class are expected to be graduated July 7-8. Producing, buying Time cut in half Both working time required to produce a dozen eggs and the time needed to buy the same quantity of eggs have been cut more than one-half since 1930, Iowa State University Extension Poultryman Paul It. Walther reports. The time needed to buy a dozen eggs dropped from 48 minutes in 1930 to 17 minutes in 19G0. Seven minutes of working time was needed to produce that same quantity of eggs in 1930, but in 1960 only 3.2 minutes were required. Walther used Bureau of Labor statistics for wages per hour to compute the working hours required The 1930 total of 48 minutes needed to buy a dozen eggs dropped to 30 minutes in 1940, 25 minutes in 1950, and finally to 17 minutes in 1960. Working time to produce a dozen eggs dropped from the 1930 total of seven minutes to six minutes in 1940, 4.3 minutes in 1950 and 3.2 minutes in 1960. Walther predicts that this ,1960 total will again be cut in half by 1970, dropping to a predicted 1.4 minutes. ON£ CASE FILED One case was filed this week in Wooldridge Justice of the Peace Court. John F. Wittenburg, Hawkeye, control of vehicle, $6.50 and costs, Osslan It isn't too lateTto plant sweet , " " wni. DurJrig the spring garden luesday, July 3 — rush,' It's easy to forget the value Milking Shorthorn show. "* of s^eessto,plantoB of sweet coni v W on* ^anUnff «» de ' Thursday, July 5 — «»:f>W^# the eating .stage Fairfield Indians 4-H club meeting. ot tM <»#me time, TWS * means Harian y vegtock 4^1* meeUn /. Maynard Community hall ^^f^*^*™ ^ Westfield WnirlwlndV 4-H club h^etiS^ ^^ty,hall. nOjOprn later, in the-season. „ .„ Fridav. Julv fl l&^^'^i&faJW^, _ ,£ ar<ten ' Uvn a ? d °"«»nental Plants' clinic - Oelwein library -1:80 - -8 p. m. West Union. This is our moving «"'!<• " in '' by the time you read this, v.«should be in a real good in- :-v We just hope we can get it straightom 'I out ill time for next week':, issue of the Leader. Since we had to go t<> press early this week in order to move our machinery, we probably missed some of the news. Please hear with us, though and we'll endeavor to publish a bigger and better paper when we get settled in our new building. The following article, which is information circulated by the Walsh Manufacturing Co. of Charles City, was gleaned from Ihe Hlce- ville Rtcorder. The article is entitled "Statistically Speaking, and goes as follows: Population of U. S H"> Population over age of 05..17, People lert to work -.-.117 People under age 21 C-l- People left to work .I'l. Government employees -.'2-1 People left to Work 29, People In armed forces --12 People left to work — 17 City and state workers _-lG People left to work In hospitals and institutions People left to work Bums and drunks People left to work In jails and prisons People left to work * You and me, and you better get busy because. I am getting tired of running this country alone. ,000.000 300,000 .700,000 700,000 ,000.000 ,000.000 ,000,000 ,000,000 ,000,000 ,800,000 .200,000 120,000 ...74,000 .62,000 J2,000 .11,99(1 Recently we were given Open l-'nnim privelege in the Oelwein Daily Register, in which we briefly outlined a story of a child's b-okeii leg. and a doctor who had the father billed for $75 for just "fitting on his fanny" while a nurse and a "Sister of Mercy" did the repair on Ihe leg; whereas the hospital billed the father for SHi. We have had what we might mod i tly call a little "repercussion" in I' I gard that Open Forum. We ha\e been accused, over the highly scrauled signature of a profess ional man. of going to Open Forum with "something that just fell out of somebody's mouth, without checking the facts". It. so happens that we have the firm and definite statements of the father of the child, and it so happens that this family man is a highly intelligent and articulate young businessman in Oelwein. Therefore we firmly think we did NOT just "fly off the (Open Forum) handle.". After this Open Forum was printed, and after receiving the letter, we called here and there in Oel wein. did a little re checking. We can truthfully say that we received warm handshakes and a few pats on the back for having had the "guts" to write that Open Forum. We have lieon firmly promised net only "moral support" but factual and financial stiporl, if "someb-idv starts something.". We truly liel ieve these young businessmen wctv NOT kidding a little old creek bottom fanner who willingly served as (heir spokesman. The hard truth is, there is an increasing undercurrent of feeling, running sometimes flood tide high, in regard the "leg ali/.ed roblxry" fees, the arrogance, and the snoblxTy, of too many of the medical profession. We have all too near reached the point where we "little people" of modest income, if We have the dire misfortune to be seriously ill or injured, can't afford to live or die. A casket and a short ride in the big black vehicle, is priced ji;sr as high as the doctor's best bed side manner and the "shot" in tin posterior. ine Moore; Mrs. Seth Rhines. Miss Jan Diehl, granddaughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. W. White of Volga City, will be presented to King George and Queen Mary % at the second court of the London season. The wet spring has made delay and will make additional expenses for all road work in Fayette county. — •— 30 Years Ago — A school of Wild Life has been organized in the Fayette area. Possible trips will be to Cat Hollow and Blue State Gulch, on the Volga between Fayette and Wadena. Deaths — George Folensbee. The U. S. postal department is making arrangements to establish nn airmail route between New York and Chicago. A gang of men are in Maynard to begin work on building a new cement bridge to take the place of the old one at the east end of main street. Saturday special July 1, 100 large 24 oz. double loaves of bread, while they last, 15 cents a loaf. Do You Recall | I 20 - 30 - 40 Years Aeo! Fall Wayne Franson a fourth grader at the Elliott school recently suffer d a severely cut hand and arm w.ien he fell on a broken pop Little while playing in the park there. 36th reunion held MAYNARD — The 3Gth annual reunion of the Talcott families was held Sunday afternoon, June 24, in the social rooms of the United Presbyterian church. Reunions were held as early as 1910 but did not become an annual event until 1926. Enertainment was provided by Mrs. John Sidler, Vinton, assisted by Mrs. Robert Proctor, Alpha, Mrs. Frank Hall, Oelwein, Her" bert Malven, Maynard, and Reynold Strong, Wadena. Mrs. Harold Strong, Elgin, was elected president of the next reunion; Mrs. Frank Payne, Oelwein. vice-president; and Reynold Strong, secretary-treasurer. Other towns represented by the 60 persons present included Webster City, Lamont, Randalia, Fayette, Goldfield,, West Union, Fort Dodge, Waterloo' and Arlington. 20 Years Ago — Frank Landas of Limn had a young Jersey cow and yearling 'heifer killed by lightening. President Roosevelt has ordered ;i scrap rubber drive for this week and next week. Charles Billings, Fayette, who is to be the Waterfront Director at camp Ingawanis this summer, was awarded a certificate in Water Safety program of the Boy Scouts of America. F. B. Claxton, Jr.. of Fayette received a certificate for satisfactory completing the Troop camping course. The first of more than 10,000 Bobwhlie quail chicks will be hatched this year at the state game farm at Boone. Fayette is losing another building of the landmark type. The frame Structure east of the grade school corner is being torn down. It will lie replaced by a Lutheran church. Death- Mrs. James A. Claxton, Fayette; Elmer E. Brewer, Edgewood. An old thrashing machine that once used 12 horses for power and that has been stored on the Sever Ivcrson place has been sold to the J. F. Case Threshing Machine Co. The relic will be placed among other ancient farm machinery exhibits at Racine. Wis. — • — 46 Years Age — Tlie Martha and George Washington Festival for all Fayette county -111 club girls, parents, and friends will be held in the U. I. U. gym. Mrs. John Donnan and Mrs. Edwin lee will talk on the ideals and habits of our girls in America compared to the girls in the Philippines and Maylay area. One of the hardest rain storms in a long time struck north and east of Fayette, on the Louis Kiel. Frank Davis. J. K. Stans- hury, Vane Oklfather. Ed Butler, Harry Pond, and Aldcii Mackey farms. The Lima vicinity received a large amount of hail. There arc 00 rural schools in Fayette county. Examinations are being held for teachers with Uniform County Certificates and for High School Normal Training students. Rattlesnake hunters near Postville are making money. Allamakee county pays no bounty on rattlesnakes. So the hunters cook out the rattlesnakes oil, and this oil brings a good price on the market. Deaths Mildred Older; Joseph- Reunion Mrs. Jennibelle Clay of Conrad was reunited with her sister Mrs. Lillian Ashcraft of East Tyegate, Vermont after a separation of over GO years. Tlie sisters had never seen each other except by pictures. COMPLETE PROCESSING FOR YOUR FREEZER MAYNARD LOCKER Phone 65 Maynard, Iowa Comments from our customers United Com CUSTOM HOME BUILDER! ~~ p«*Mn «rt £*«*<••'..'.'•"• CM,*.. Mr. „„„ Mr , Jack „.*. „ FaveiteTTeft'to W ^fll ^'•^ ' joe, Sue, Gary, Dave. "The convenience of having a pilot light on the furnace has been a great help to us with this changeable spring weather No running down in the basement trying to start the fire when its chilly. We just turn up the thermostat and in a few minutes the house is warm. We have noticed a good percentage of a cut down in fuel costs." "Our new Roper gas stove is great too. The burner with the brain has saved me a lot of time." Mrs. Jack Beck Peoples Natural Gas Phone 266 — Fayette, Iowa !