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ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH V 1 Member of The Aseocteted Pteee, ftc Ptt Copy. Vol. CXV, No, 1 ALTON, ILL., MONDAY, JANUARY 16, 1950 Eeubtiehed Jtmie.fr II, 1114 Rainfall 6.97 Inches in First Half of January New Winter Record Set— Mercury Plummets 44 Degrees in 12 Hours January comet In the dead of winter, but this year and last the month performed In midsprlng fashion by sending rainfall far In excess of the normal total. Normal rainfall for the 31 days of January Is listed by the weather bureau as 2.44 inches. So far, this year, the 15 days of January have brought rainfall of 6.97 inches, more than 2 1-2 times normal, and after today the month will have 14 days still to go. Rain has fallen on 9 of the 15 days. This year's above-normal rainfall for January already has exceeded last year's January total of 6.24 inches which was for above average and, up to then, believed a record. The way the present, month is performing in the rainfall league, a few more downpours in the next 15 days will put the winter month ahead of most of the so-called rainy months. An idea of just how "wet" this January has been may be gained by comparison with January of 1947 when the rainfall was 1.74, not quite a fourth of the total for 15 days this month. The rain started with the new year, when 03. fell. The second day escaped, but on Jan. 3, the rainfall was 1.57 inches, and on Jan. 4 the fall was a whopping 3.58 inches. Today's forecast: Fair this afternoon and tonight; Tuesday Increasing cloudiness with a likelihood of rain or snow by Tuesday night; continued cold today; not quite so cold tonight and Tuesday; highest today about 35, lowest Tuesday morning In low 20s; highest In afternoon near 40. Though the mercury reached a springlike 62 degrees Sunday noon In the Alton area, high-speed western gales blew into town and forced the temperature down as low as 18 degrees at midnight. At dawn today, what had been soggy earth warmed by fleeting sunbeams Sunday morning had changed to a crisp crust of turf. There was no sign of spring in the area this morning. Committee to Meet Tuesday, Plan BtE Day The merucry drop of 44 degrees occurred in less than 12 hours. , Increases Coal Pinch If the cold snap prevails, it will have serious conseQ.uen.pes for some householders who have not sufficient supplies of stoker coal to keep their houses warm. Currently, local dealers report the coal pinch, due to a slowup of supplies mined by United Mine Workers in the U. S., has begun to have its effect on this area, although the situation has been generally relieved by locally-trucked supplies from mines within trucking distance of Alton. The sun rose this morning and the mercury accompanied it. Some residents Sunday morning kept a weather eye on the sky, and expressed tornado misgivings along with their observations on the apparent terrific speed of the clouds moving in turbulant masses overhead. Clouds were of myriad shape and size and of several types, cumulus, cirrus, strato-cumulus, were to be seen overhead. At one time, the higher clouds parted and left a wedge-shaped space of bright blue In the heavens. Over the Missouri shore on the side of Alton lake opposite the city, two airplanes were seen at 10:45 a. m. Sunday, heading into the western gale. Apparently they were government survey planes, photographing the lake shore. Though the winds were capricious they caused no widespread damage in the area. City Has Moisture Problems Alton streets departments officials say that the ground is now saturated by the excess rainfall of the present month and Sunday morning the water stood for hours in pools on the ground at many points about the city although the overnight precipitation had been far from heavy. At some points, the moisture has seeped under the oiled street surfaces, because of the saturated condition of the ground, and Is softening these streets to a point where they may be much damaged by traffic. The weekend rain also served to aggravate a faulty drainage condition at Fifth and Market. Weather conditions have been such that little was possible in the way of repairs to street settlements and sewer breaks since the deluges and ice storm of week before last. Street Supt. Parker has been hoping for a period of fair weather that will last long enough for repairs to be carried out. The combination of freezing and thawing In winter always adds difficulty to the problem of making repairs. Work of repairing a sewer break in Market terrace at Fourth was started by the streets department today. Many residents have reported wnfer In their basements. Several new settlements In one Reservations from some 40 manufacturers, retailers and utilities have been received for a meeting of the Greater Alton public relations committee, Tuesday noon, at the Mineral Springs Hotel, it was announced this morning by Paul J. Rothacher, chairman. The chief point for discussion will be perfecting plans for putting on a Business-Industry-Education Day for the greater Alton area. A statement of the general purpose of the program will be given by Walter T. Woodcock, executive secretary of the Greater Alton Association of Commerce. J. B. Johnson, superintendent of Alton public schools, will analyze the educators' viewpoint, Russell Casteel of Olin Industries, will speak for business and industry, followed by a panel discussion at which Thomas W. Butler, manager of the Alton District Manufactures' Association will preside as moderator. Physical workings of the program will be handled by Robert Minsker; in-plant program, transportation, W. C. Myers; teachers' welcome, Charles Smith, and "things to anticipate," O. J. Miller. Summary of the program will be made by Ray Gibson, vice-president of the GAAC, and Thad Carter, president of Wood River Chamber of Commerce. Reservations can be accepted by the committee if phoned into the offices of the GAAC not later than 10:30 Tuesday morning, Rothacher stated. The BIE-Day has been set for March 24 and will consist of a teachers' visitation day to factories, stores and finance offices, hospitals, and utilities. Eight County Candidates File Polio Compaign Starts; On Small Scale in Alton Volunteer Workers Assigned To Polls for Library Election Jaycees Staged Big Drive That Netted S 10,529 Last Fall EDWARpSVILLE, Jan. 16.— Eight candidates seeking county office nominations—six Democrats and two Republicans—filed petitions at the office of County Clerk Eulalia Hotz during the forenoon today, opening date of filing for the April 11 primary election. The one-week filing period opened at 8 a. m. and by noon five candidates were officially entered in the race for the Democratic sheriff nomination. They were James T. Callahan of Alton, present county auditor; John A. Mangiaracino, Venice; Charles Bernaix, Granite City, Arthur W. (Cooper) Moore, Madison, and Kenneth T. Ogle, Granite City. County Clerk Eulalia Hotz of Edwardsville was the first to file, recording her own petition at 8:06 a. m. for re-nomination on the Democratic ticket. The two Republicans filing nominating petitions this morning for the county offices they now hold were County Treasurer Mrs. Muriel E. Ambrosius of Collinsville, and Probate Clerk Joseph Healey of Livingston. Mrs. Ambrosius was appointed county ^-easurer by the Madison County Board of Supervisors to ^erve out the unex- pired term of her husband, the late George Ambrosius. Second to present a petition at the county clerk's office this morning was Frank R. Reidelberger of Venice, seeking re-election as a Democratic senatorial com- mltteeman at the April primary. He filed his petition at 8:14 a. m. Third to file was John A. Mangiaracino, 8:38 a. m., and fourth was Mrs, Ambrosius, at 9:55 a. m. Wilfred (Pete) Halbe of Edwardsville, filed a petition at 10:50 a. m. for re-election as Republican senatorial committeeman. Henry W. Hedden was the first precinct candidate to file, presenting his petition at 8:07 a. m. He seeks re-election as Democratic committeeman in Collinsville No. 1. Vaughn Ball of Wood River, filed a petition at 8:12 a. m. as a candidate for re-election as Republican precinct committeeman in Wood River township No. 7. One committeeman is to be elected at the primary in both parties in the county's 123 pre- clnts. As in former years, where more than one candidate files In either party for an office nomination on the opening date, a drawing will be conducted at the 5 p. m, closing time of the county clerk's office to determine first place position on the party ballot. The primary filing period closes at 5 p. m. next Monday, Jan. 23, and Jan. 28 is the final date for candidates to withdraw their nominating petitions. Roman Catholic Chaplain En Route to Moscow NEW YORK, Jan. 16. <*>— American Roman Catholics in Moscow will have a chaplain for the first time In about a year. The Rev. Louis Robert Brass- The annual March of Dimes, with a goal of $52,000,000, began over the U. S. today—but Alton's phase of the drive will be conducted with less Intensity than In former years, it was learned today. Alton Junior Chamber of Commerce will distribute some containers for (he Madison County chapter of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, according to Wesley Wright, Jaycee president, but no other activity is planned locally "because tho Jaycees promised when we staged our polio fund drive last fall that we wouldn't come back with another one in January," Wright said. Last September, the Alton Jaycees, without sanction of the National Foundation, conducted an "Alton Fights Polio" campaign in which they collected a total of 510,529.42, which topped their goal of $10,000. The theory of the Jaycees' drive was expressed at that time as "a warm weather campaign to fight polio while polio is here." This idea was opposed to the custom of having polio fund drives In January. At the same time last fall, the National Foundation was concurrently conducting an "emergency" fund drive. J. W. Kelly, chairman of th Madison County chapter of th Foundation, told the Telegraph to day that a group of Jaycees las fall had assured him the Alto group would assist in placing con tainers for the-January drive. Th county organization met Friday Kelly said, but no Alton represen tatives were present. He said, how ever, that County Drive Chairman Ralph Johns of Madison wouli bring the containers to the Jaycee for placing around the city. A total of 300 containers have been earmarked for Alton, Kelly report ed. 'Proved Our Point' Concerning the polio drive launched today, Wright said, "We proved our point about the polio drive' last fall by going over oui goal. At that time we told peopl< we were not coming back fo: more in January. The Jaycees an not going to stage a concentrated drive now. W'll have ours nex fall about the same time as we staged the last, one But w will put out the containers fo them (the National Foundation', county organization). We tol( them last fall we'd do that." Kelly, speaking as chairman o: the county group, said the current fund drive throught the county would be conducted by city chairmen of the National Foundation under the direction of Johns. He implied the Jaycees 1 drive last fal would have a negative effect on current collections in Alton and East Alton. Representatives of both factions in the present fund drive, however, expressed the view that differences of opinion between the Alton Jaycees and the county polio organization should not be empha sized in a manner that would hurl collections which will go to aic polio-stricken persons over the nation and locally. Nationally, today was proclaimed "M-Day" — Mobilization against Polio—in an ABC network radio talk yesterday by Basil O'Connor, president of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Appealing for funds in the two- week campaign, O'Connor stressed the record-high total of 42,375 persons stricken with polio last year. ' The 1949 epidemic, he said, created "a state of emergency the like of which has never existed before in the entire history of this country's fight against infantile paralysis." Tucker Lawyers Offer No Evidence, Rest Case CHICAGO, Jan. 16. — In a ard, of Worcester, Mass., left Attributed In part to the storm conditions was a freak automobile mishap late Saturday night In which e pick-up truck driven by Alton Ray, 19, of Route 2, Godfrey, ran over the embankment on Twentieth Immediately west of upper Henry and overturned Police learned that the vehicle hit a bump or depression, unobservable to the driver, this causing a floor board to become dislodged, and jam the accelerator. Before the driver could regain control, the car slid over the embankment, turning almost upside down. Ray and e companies) were Nsted uninjured. The Haper tesr>e%r service removed the truck - , daylight, Sunday, It being tsBpracttcal to work on the job IN vein and darkness. capital. Father Brassard will be one of two Roman Catholic priests in Russia. The other is the Rev. Jean De Matha Thomas, a French priest and also of the Augustinian order to which Fr. Brassard belongs. Farmer Burned te Death NEW COLUMBIA, Jan. 16, UP!— A fire, apparently caused by an overheated stove, burned to death | Wiley L. Pullen, 81, at his farm home near here Saturday. Massac County Deputy Coroner C. B. Manual returned a verdict of accident. Pullen Is survived by his widow, a son, Tom Pullen of Metropolis, end two daughters. surprise move, the defense rested in the Tucker mail fraud trial today without offering any evidence. The abrupt termination by a waiver of testimony was so unexpected it raised an immediate buzz among courtroom spectators. The government had taken about 11 weeks to present its 73 witnesses and a substantial pile of documentary evidence. U. S. District Judge Walter J. Labuy re* cessed the trial until tomorrow when closing arguments will begin. Defendants in the trial are Preston Tucker, president of the ill-fated Tucker Corp. which was financed with $28,000,000 to produce a rear engine automobile, and seven other promoters of the venture. BCapitalsClosertoVirginia Man Than Richmond RICHMOND Va., Jan. 16. Wi—Here's something for your quli show. A Virginia legislator says his home Is closer to the capitals of eight other states than to Richmond, capital of Virginia. State Sen. Lloyd M. Robinette lives In Jonesville, In the southwest tip of the state. By his measures, U Is closer to the capitals of Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, North Carolina, So u I h Carolina, Georgia and West Virginia than to Richmond. Library Reopens on Part-Time Schedule With temporary repairs completed to the heating plant, the Hayner library announced today its reopening on the former schedule—from 2 to 8:30 p. m. on Monday and Wednesday and from 10 a. m. to 5 p. m. on Saturday. The library is on the short- hour schedule because of restricted finances. The trustees have been told that a new boiler should be Installed next. summer, which presents a new financial problem for the trustees. Principals Discuss Library Election .T. B. Johnson, superintendent of Alton Public schools, instructed principals of schools to advise teachers of the coming straw-vote city election on the Alton library, at a meeting at Haskcll House today. The election will be Saturday. Johnson told the group that he advocates the establishment of a city library and believes that It should be as extensive as possible. He pointed out that such a library would be of great value to students in the school district'as well as an asset to teachers regarding reference material. The principals discussed the library question and were agreed with Johnson that a city library is necessary and should be established. The straw vote Saturday will have no legal effect on the establishment, but a light vote or a small majority ballot In favor of the library might, informed sources say, result in the city council being undecided as to whether or not the voters' of Alton want a public library. In such a case, it has been pointed out, the council might feel that it would be justified in establishing a comparatively small library or postponing the question enitrely. With the Greater Alton Association of Commerce moving rapidly toward securing arrangements at the polls for the upcoming library election Saturday, volunteer poll workers have been immediately assigned to polls by Harley Volton, chairman of the poll workers committee of the Rotary Club. The Rotary Club has undertaken recruiting of poll workers. At noon today, 75 workers had been assigned to precincts. Notices will be mailed Tuesday to all judges and clerks as to their assignments. Frank H. King, executive chairman of the civic improvements department of the Association of Commerce, advises that offers for help are coming from all sections of the city and that a special meet- Ing will be held Tuesday evening nt the GAAC offices to plan getting voters to the polls through car transportation. "It is apparent that, the people of the city are determined to got out n good affirmative vote for this II- 2 Senatorial Candidates File For Primary Jan. 23 Last Day to Enter April 11 Election, Can Withdraw Jan, 28 SPRINGFIELD, Jan. 16 UF> — U. S. Sen. Lucas and Everett M. Dirksen, who are expected to be November election opponents, filed nominating petitions today on the first dny for entering the April 11 primary. Neither Lucas, who heads the Democratic state slate, nor Dirksen, former Republican congressman, have opposition in sight for the senatorial nominations. Dirksen Files In Person Dirksen filed his papers in person. In a statement he pledged a hrary issue as the need Is so e*j » vigorous campaign on the chal- dent, with endorsements from nl most every civic, educational, so cinl and welfare group in the cit\ behind the project," King declarei this morning. The one question (lint Is askei more than nny other is how mud the library would cost, King said According to ficures released h; Assessor James P. Gorman, Hbrar: would cost about 12 cents per S10C of assessed valuation. Pictured on a tax bill totaling S100 if the ful rate were used by the library board the cost would bo 57.20. The maximum tax is 1.2 mills on assessed valuation and in 104R the total Alton valuation was $87.605,. 3fiO and this would produce SIOIv 126.4.1 for the library if the ful limit were appropriated. "Of course, there isn't any reason to believe that the full amoun' wnuld be appropriated," King stated. New Minimum, Wage Law Starts In Nine Days WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. <&>— The new law boosting the national minimum wage from 40 to 7! cents an hour goes into effect In nine days. : Starting Jan. 25, It is estimated to mean a pay boost averaging from about five to 15 cents an hour for 1,500,000 workers—an added payroll cost of about 5300, 000,000 a yenr. It represents a general overhauling of the law Congress enacted nearly a dozen years ago -as one of the prime social planks of the Roosevelt New Deal. It was acclaimed as a "major victory" by the Truman administration. The law, as first enacted back in 1938, did two main things: Arranged a 40-cent an hour minimum wage for workers employed in interstate commerce, and required overtime pay for work beyond 40 hours a week. The new law leaves unchanged the requirement for time-and-half overtime pay, but raises the minimum pay by 87'4 percent. The government says the 75- cent wage today will by about as much as the 40-cent wage did when the law was first passed. Figured on a 40-hour week basis the 75- cent hourly wage means a $30 weekly paycheck. More than half the workers who are expected to get their wage rates raised because of the new aw are in the South and Southwest. However, the federal wage- dour administration has no estimates of anticipated state-by-state effects. New regulations governing ex- ;mptlons for executive, administrative, professional and other 'white-collar" workers also were ordered Into effect on Jan. 25 by Wage-Hour Administrator William I. McComb. Mayor Linkosle has slated <ha ( he will appoint this board after the people have shown they reall> want a library. Appointment before the election would inject personalities into the issue, he declared, and this would detract from the real issue. PMWPresident Upholds Firing CollinsvilleMan SPRINGFIELD, Jan. 16— UP)— John Marchiando, president of the Progressive Mine Workers Union today upheld the suspension of the Collinsville miner who lost his job because he Is building a home with gas heat. The miner, Charles Walchekaus kas, 56, was taken off his job as miners refused to work with him "I don't blame them in the leasl for their stand," Marchiando sale in a statement. "They are acting to protect their jobs and the jobs of their co-workers in the coal mining fields elsewhere." The PMW Collinsville Local No. 3 has a by-law providing for a two-year suspension of a member who doesn't use coal or wood heat in his home. Waichekauskas claimed he decided to install gas heat in his new home because coal fumes made his adopted 20-year-old son, Edward, ill. The son was stricken by rheumatic fever six years ago. "We cannot accept the excuse that his son is ill," Marchiando said. "We don't believe his son's illness has anything to do with his wanting a gas furnace in his home. He made absolutely no mention of his son's illness in his first letters to me requesting permission to install a gas furnace in his home but he picked up that excuse later." Marchiando said the Collinsville miners "want to protect their jobs and their industry" because conversion to gas and oil "already has laken a heavy toll from the coal ndustry of the country." "They know that if every coal miner who claimed a sick son or wife as an excuse turned to oil or gas for fuel they would soon be on the breadlines." The PMW president disputed Waichekauskas 1 contention that ;onl fumes made the son 111, "If I thought this wasn't a sub- erfuge and that the installation of gas heat would mean restora- Continued on Page 2, Col. 4. Truman Wants Law to Insure Against Shortage of Rubber WASHINGTON, Jan. 16, UP)— President Truman asked Congress oday to pass a new, 10-year law as insurance against a rubber shortage in another war. The President wants authority now to start shifting at least part of the government's $700,000,000 synthetic rubber industry to private ownership. At the same time, he said there must be enough' production in an emergency for "adequate protec- ion of the national security." Mr. Truman's recommendations went to Congress In a message. The 'resident also sent along a report iy his assistant, John R. Steelman, m a study of the synthetic rubber iroblem and what should be done .bout it at this point. "It appears,'' Mr. Truman said, that our present plant capacity f nearly a million tons a year maintained to meet needs for synthetic should be mergency ubber. "It 1 snot necessary, however, hat all this capacity be in oper- tlon. Maintenance In a stand-by ondition of those plants which re not being used should, there- ore, be authorized." There was no plant-by-plant list f those that might be kept by he government or those that might be converted to stand-by status. Steelman's report said the synthetic plants havo a capacity of 940,000 tons a year. The consumption of all types of rubber, both natural and synthetic, was estimated last year at 082,806 tons. Synthetic represents 410,239 of the total tonnage. The report emphasized that since the most critical raw material shortage of the last war was In rubber, a substantial stockpile of the natural product must he built up. But, it said, "absolute security" in rubber is as Impossible as it is in any other field. The government Is operating a rubber program now under a law passed in 1948 and expiring at the end of June. That law barred the government from getting rid of any synthetic plants, which were built during the war, but asked the President to make recommendations by this January for disposing of them eventually. Accordingly, Mr. Truman proposed : "The President should be authorized to dispose of the synthetic rubber facilities to private owners, lenging issues before the country." Six candidates for other statewide offices also filed their petitions with the secretary of state's election department. They included the Democratic ticket of Michael Hewlett Jr., of Chicago for state treasurer; Clarence Hobart Kngle of Chicago and Cuba, 111,, for state school superintendent, and Ora Smith, present State Supreme Court clerk. S Republicans File for Treasurer Three candidates filed In the , - __' « , i t*»n_tn.T i.i ifi r f^itv; (.11 iruvi iij III* wide open Republican race for neart> Ho rctlrcd to his qulet Val GEN 11. H. AKNOLI) General Arnold Dies, Pioneer War Airman SONOMA, Calif., Jan. 1G, UP) — Gen Henry H. (Hap) Arnold, America's ranking airman of World War II and a pioneer of U. S. military aviation, is dead at 63. The nation's first general of the air force died suddenly at his ranch home, 40 miles north of San Francisco. Death was caused by coro nary occlusion, a arteries that clotting of the blood to the state treasurer. They were Louis Nelson, Cook County Treasurer; Theron W Meryman, Chicago alderman, an James Simpson jr., wealthy farm er and lawyer of Wadsworth. Dirksen announced a week o political speeches in southern 111! nois, starting with a luncheon to day at Waterloo and n dinner to night at Murphysboro. Tomorrov he will speak at Marion and Cairo Wednesday he will speak a Metropolis. On Thursday he wil speak at. Greenfield during the da and at Springfield at night. Fri day he will speak at Louisville an> Fail-field, and Saturday at Albio and Carmi. Few Fights Expected Candidates for all statewide anc district offices today began filini their nominating petitions at th' opening of an eight-day period Few important primary fights ap peared in sight. The last day for filing is Jan. 23 After. that date, candidates wil have until Jan. 28 to withdraw 1 they don't want their names on the ballot. During the filing period, nomin Continued en Page *> Col. '4. Continued on Page 2, Col. 9. WildGimFiglit Kills Robinson Postal Employe ROBINSON, Jan. 16 <£»>—A post office employe died and two In spectors were injured seriously last night in a wild gun fight In ,he Robinson post office. Harry D. Taylor, 54, post office janitor who shot and beat the two >ost office inspectors, collapsed and died during the fight. Coroner Troy Pulliam said he believed Tayor died of a heart attack, al- hough there was a bruise on his forehead. James A. Thompson, 60,- a post office inspector from Springfield, vas shot twice In the chest with a .45 caliber pistol. His condition was critical In Greer Hospital. J. J. Scherer, another inspector i-om Effingham, was badly beaten about the head. He was in serious condition in the hospital. Sheriff C. T. West of Crawford County gave the following account: Inspectors Thompson and Scherer had been watching Taylor n secret at the post office follow- ng recent losses in the mail, Last night, they confronted Taylor and started to question him. Taylor denied any mail thefts, hen suddenly ran to a postoffice vindow and grabbed a .45 caliber pistol that was kept there. He hot Thompson in the chest. Scherer dived for his legs, and Taylor beat him unconscious with ho pistol. Taylor then darted behind some mail racks and emptied the pistol at Roscoe Keenan, assist post- naster, who had accompanied the nspectors in their questioning of Taylor. Keenan fled, unharmed. Taylor ran to a money order oom and got another loaded .45 aliber pistol. He noted Thompson was starting to rise, and shot him n the chest. Scherer revived, and Taylor tried to fire at him, but he gun misfired. Scherer and 'aylor then fought and rolled over stack of mail sacks. Taylor col- apsed and later was pronounced cad. Meanwhile Keenen returned to the post office with Sheriff West and two city policemen. They brqke into a window. Pulliam said he probably would hold an inquest later today. / ~ Boston Statler Hotel Robbed of $48,000 BOSTON, Jon. 16. WP> — Three gunmen, masked with paper bags and cheese cloth, surprised an armed guard and raided the Hotel Statler's cashier's office today, seizing an estimated $48,000, The bandits stalked through the lobby and went to tho mezzanine offices where, at pistol point, they forced employes to turn over cash and check*—weekend receipts of (he big hotel near Park Square. ley of The Moon home June 30, 1946, after periodic heart attacks for two years. Arnold's physician, Dr. Russell V. Lee of Palo Alto, said the general should have retired after his first heart attack in 1944, "but things were hot. then and he decided to take his chances with the rest, of the soldiers and went back to duty." The wartime chief of the air forces will be burled in Arlington Cemetery, Washington, D. C. The funeral is set for 7 p. m. Thursday. The body was resting today at a funeral parlor here. The body will be taken to nearby Hamilton Field and flown to Washington, D. C., Tuesday. The family had not decided to hold services here. The nation's military leaders — from Secretary of Defense Johnson down — expressed shock and sorrow at Arnold's death. They praised him as the man most responsible for America's air strength and said he was a key figure In the Allied defeat of the Axis. Arnold was taught to fly by the Wright brothers in 19.11. Just four years out of West Point, he was one of the first, officers assigned to the infant air force—then a branch of the signal' corps. From then on, Arnold's career wrote many of the highlights in the military air history of America. He became chief of the air forces in 1938. The genial six-footer's smiling face earned him the nickname of 'Happy" — later shortened to 'Hap." But he knew how to get tough and was noted for getting hings done. Arnold undertook in 1938 to ex)and the air force to 15,000 planes and 96,000 men. He saw it grow to more than 70,000 planes and some 2,200,000 men in 1945. Even after his retirement, Arnold took every opportunity to sell his firm belief that the United itates should have an air force second to none. He said it was the >est guarantee of peace. "Inevitable destruction faces na- Ions that do not have adequate air power," he declared. The general was one of the strongest advocates of long-range bombing. During the congressional battle over the B-36 last August, ic told the House Armed Services Committee the big plane was "the ut standing bomber in the world." In his book, "Global Missions," jublished last September, the five>tar general warned that far reading bomber strength is tho only Ohio Continues To Rise; More Families Taken From Homes hing Russia fears. Although Arnold had suffered hree heart attacks since his re- irement in 1946, he was active to he last. He attended a Saturday night •arty at the home of Walter Mur- ihy, publisher of the Sonoma In;ex Tribune. yesterday, as the general arose, ic told his wife, Eleanor: "I feel pretty good this morn- ng." But shortly afterward he began reathing heavily and collapsed. •Irs. Arnold summoned Dr. K. L. lollenlwuer of Sonoma. Death was ttributed to coronary occlusion. Mrs. Arnold was the only mem- er of the family present. Three sons, all military men, left or home immediately. Lt. David Arnold arrived from March Continued on Page 2, Col. 1. Heat her Fair this afternoon and to- nifht; Tuesday increasing cloudiness with a likelihood of rain or mow by Tuoiday nifht. Continued cold today; not quit* 10 cold tonight and Tuesday. Hifheit today about 35, low* oit Tuesday morning in lew 20t; highest in afternoon wear 40. Shippers forecast: 12 to 16 north, 16 to 20 east, II to 22 west, 22 to 26 south. River W. Bureau 7 • m Zero 395,48 m. c.i tage 13.36 Ft. Rice .04 Ft. a«t Utvel T «. Bi Sf River Above Flood Stage at Old Shawneetown Isolating City Br THE ASSOCIATED PMSB The Ohio river continued • steady rise today, forcing more families from their homes along the Illinois shore. At Old Shawneetown the stage was reported at 54.4 at 1 a. m.,' several tenths of a foot above the predicted flood stage. The rise since midnight had been .4 and the river still was going up. One of the most serious spot! was at Rosiclare, In Hardin County. Front St, was under water. Forty business establishments have been closed or moved to higher ground and of the estimated 2009 population about 250 persons have been made homeless. Levee in Ciooct Shape At Old Shawneetown Illinois State Police Sgt. Edwin Hake reported the levee in good shape. The town was isloated, however, by backwaters and many street! flooded. Mail and food were being sent into Shawneetown on a truck- boat-automobile relay. Two cases which may require surgery were reported in the town and preparations were made to remove the patients by boat. On the Wabash river at Carml, Davis Y. Turner of Louisville, Ky., inspector for: the army engineers, said he had advised residents of four villages to evacuate. The villages are Maunie, Rising Sun, Concord and New Haven. About 1450 persons live in the villages. The Red Cross is reported to have sent trucks, boats and men to aid in evacuation work. Maunie Near Inundation Turner said additional two-foot rise by the Wabash would inundate Maunie. Mayor John Dart of Maunie said four more feet of water would equal the 1937 flood which almost covered houses and stores. • ' A one to two-inch rain fell over the area Saturday night 'and yesterday. Over the nation the screeching storm which hammered the Northern Plains, Rocky Mountain and Northwest states has veered over into Canada, but it left the are* with its worst cold wave of the winter. 88 Death* Blamed On Storm At least 52 deaths were attributed to the storm, 10 of them In Cannda. Nine died in the Northwest blizzard, seven in crashes of two small planes In rain and fog, and a women and her three small daughters in an automobile crash on an icy Michigan highway. Other fatalities were caused by th* winds, floods and traffic accidents. Temperatures, were far below normal all the way from the Great Lakes to the Pacific coast, while the remainder of the nation generally had seasonal, or balmy weather. In the Southeast particularly, readings were well above normal. The gales which caused considerable damage along the northern half of the nation had abated today. Damage included* disabled power lines at Buffalo and Syracuse, N. Y., and losses of hundreds of head of livestock in the Northern Plains and Rocky Mountain regions. Winds to Lose Sting Federal Fosecaster J. Badner at Chicago said the high winds had cut over into Canada, north of the Great Lakes, but that the mass of cold air In its wake would continue o» eastward toward the Atlantic seaboard. Its forefront was over northern Indiana and Michigan early today, but it was expected to lose much of its ating before reaching the east coast. Southern California had another narrow escape from cold weather damage to the citrus crops. At Riverside, near Los Angeles, the mercury dipped to 36, degrees early today but Los Angeles had a safe 42. Beaumont reported 33 degrees, Daggett 27 and Silver Lake 32. 3 More Days of Snow The Pacific Northwest, hard hit by a record blizzard over the weekend, had the gloomy prospect of at least two more days of snow and cold. Estimated property damage was placed at millions of dollars. Temperatures still were at sub-zero levels today in central Washington. The Southern Pacific Railroad was unable to operate its streamline daylight train, the Shasta, from Portland to San Francisco today because of a snowplow derailment, but bus and air travel was expected to be resumed. Temperatures were expected to climb today in the northern Rockies after lows of 5 to 10 below «era last night in Montana. Throughout the Northern Plains, the mercury ranged downward to -15 in South Dakota, an average of 25 bel6w \n North Dakota, and -25 in Minnesota, a -20 in Wisconsin, and -10 in Iowa. At Chicago, the low early today was 9 above zero. A strong wind ripped the lee from the shore line of Lake Winnebago In Wisconsin yesterday and threatened to maroon about 1000 Ice fishermen. All were believed rescued but the Ice floe moved on out with more than 350 euto* mobiles beyond reach of recovery until the lake again freeaes against the shore. TailwaUr 4QBJ4 Boy HU By Auto Wee BREESE, Jan. 16. Ul>— Gerald Albers, 9, of nearby Germantown, died in a hospital here Frldey night of injuries suffered whet tot was struck by en «Mto '" tomoWe.