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ailroads Pay or Increased arnings Made creased earnings of railroads, lie utilities and telephone com- ies ore reflected in increased - er ty assessments for 1948. The c tux commission has an- nced that public utilities and jhoncs increased 9.9 per cent 1947 and railroad and intern property assessments went ,7 per cent. e railroad assessments totaled 959,071 this year, compared ' S109.1G9.131 last year. The as- ic nt was boosted despite the that 22.98 miles of line were doncd by railroads in Iowa last Interurban assessments were ,550 compared with $2,001,243 year. ' j tal public utilities assessments tinted to $145,648,997, total com- ial telephone and telegraph as- tents were up to $46,170,942 rural telephone lines were list- t $1,003 ,046. Auditor Quits e new county assessor law was of the factors in the recent nation of Hamilton county itor St. E. Fardal. He quit in est of the board of supervisors' «ai to approve an engineering aisal for the county. In his r of resignation Fardal said •ould not accept "the responsi- cs of the county assessor law 9 without an engineering ap- -1." Fardal, who has been a ilton county officer for five , has accepted a position as examiner' under the state tor's office. He was re-nomi- in the Republican primary nother term as county auditor. Population Up though Iowa has had a gain of in population since 1940, has been an exodus from the The U. S. Census bureau reported Iowa's population at ,000 as of July, a gain of 52,000 ght years. But the agricultural rting service reports that as of first of this year there were 10 Iowans living on farms, ared with 776,250 in 1943. ver, the farm population is r than in 1946 or 1947. During past five years the number of farms has decreased from 17 to 204,208, reflecting a ten- toward larger and consoli- farms. The total farming ge remains fairly constant at .000. increase in the number of in the state is partly re- •ible for the population gain. were 65.000 births in Iowa year compared with 57,000 in and 20,000 deaths compared 21.000 the previous year. No Teacher Shortage shortage of teachers is expect- lova by the time school opens fall. The state department of t instruction says there is a of elementary teachers right tut the situation is expected better by school time. How- there may be some schools will not have adequate « staffs, in which case ar- nents will be made to send s lo neighboring schools. Miss Parker, state superintendent blic instruction, says she does flieve the shortage is due to • ei - It is estimated that rural ers will be paid $175 to $180 a °n the average and elemen- leaehers will average $2,250 a POSTVILLE HERALD Fifty-Sixth Year. New Courses To Be Offered Here In High School Economics and General Mathematics Are Now Available To Students Not Crowded recent survey by the depart of public instruction indicated Iowa's three stale and 22 priv niversitios and colleges will « too crowded this fall. The towded condition which fol the war apparently has been Iowa State College reported 'te facilities; Iowa State ns College said it could ac J te an additional 50 single »students in elementary edu- • and the University of Iowa h «e would be no limit on en flit except in medicine, den- and pharmacy. tack Funds institutional care fund in counties is in the red, and as 11 levies for that fund are ex t° be increased when the ies set up budgets in Septem Avenue for the fund comes > county levy on which there ' no millage ceiling and from s »y families who have rela- "> *e state hospitals, reason the funds have run ttwt per patient cost in state ,io ns has increased sharply ^ past six months and counties failed to anticipate crease when they set up bud- "tyear. The result has been """e counties haven't been "Pay their institutional care » others have had to draw »«county general fund, Es- j budgets which have been co indicate that many coun- ."double their levies to.meet "8 cost of care In institute state code provides that sufficient to meet the ex** Maintaining county pa- wall be levied. Money can- werted to any other fund, tinutd on Page Two) Two new courses will be offered m the Postville High School when it opens August 30 this year. Economics will be offered as a junior- senior elective course. Freshmen may take general mathematics in Place of algebra. All freshmen students will be given aptitude tests to give them advice as to which of these two courses they should take A course in stenography combining advanced typing an d advanced shorthand, will also be offered. Sophomore girls who wish to take two years of shorthand will be given an opportunity to take typing and shorthand this year. Then according to present plans, advanced shorthand and advanced typing would be offered during the 1949-1950 school year but beginning shorthand would not be offered that year. This would enable the school to offer a greater variety of classes and still keep the classes large enough to be economically sound, without overloading its teachers. By direction of the state, the normal training course is discontinued this year. Mrs. Rogers, former local normal training critic, will continue to teach classes in English and social studies as well as act as high school librarian. Under a recent ruling of the North Central Association it will be necessary for our school, within the next year or two, to provide about one half of the time of one high school teacher to act as school librarian This librarian must have at least six semester hours of library training. Mrs. Rogers is taking the necessary training by correspondence courses. Classes All Day As announced last week, the Postville school will hold an all day- session the first day on Monday. August 30, but the kindergarten will meet only from 9 :00 to 11:00 on that day. Starting Wednesday, September 1, the kindergarten will be divided into a morning and an afternoon group. Registration for high school students will be held on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, August 23-25, as announced last week. Students should be prepared for instrumental music and physical training classes the first day of school. The book rental fee has been raised for high school students from $1.75 to $2.00 by action of the board of education. The reason for this raise was that about three hundred dollars more was spent for rental books last year than was received in rental fees. This fee will be reduced again when its economically sound to do so. This year high school students will be asked to pay $5.00 when they register to cover their book rental fee and their activity fee, This activity fee will remain at three dollars as in previous years. Students are admitted to all athletic contests, high school plays, paid assembly programs, operettas and receive a copy of the school annual from this activity fee. Five paid assembly programs have been engaged for the school this year alone at a cost to the school of about one hundred and fifty dollars. Five New Teachers Five new teachers will commence their duties when school opens Monday, August 30. Miss Mary Freeman, of McGregor, who gradu ated from Upper Iowa University last spring will take over the kindergarten post. Mrs. Selma Duffield, of West Union, also a graduate of Upper Iowa, will teach fourth grade. Mrs. Duffield has taught the third grade at Fayette for the past two and one half years She was very highly recommended by the Fayette school officials. Miss Gladys Tonn, a graduate of Wartburg College, at Waverly, will teach 'fifth grade. Last year she taught sixth grade at Convith, Iowa and is changing this in order to have better transportation facilities to her parents' home close to Independence. Miss Sylvia Bareness of Glenwood, Minnesota will teach high school mathematics. Miss Bareness graduated from Luther College last spring. The home economics position will be filled by Miss Irma Davison, who has been teaching at Everly. Iowa. Miss Davison has had extensive experience, having taught at Sioux Rap- Ids seven years and at Dayton six years, She has proved herself an (Continued on page 8) A LIVE NEWSPAPER IN A LIVE TOWN POSTVILLE, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1948. Threshing Crews Are Number 42. Finishing Work On Record Oat Harvest Threshing crews have completed their work between rains this and the past week as one of the biggest harvests in years has brought many grain bins to the overflowing stage. H. W. Block and Sons, who live two miles south of Postville on the Gunder road, completed work last week with a total of 22,434 bushels of oats threshed. The farmers in the ring put in 85 and one- half hours during the threshing period. A total of 2,961 bales of straw was taken from the ring with the baler operating off the threshing machine. . Schlce Ring Finished ' THe Ed Schlee threshing ring finished last' week with a total of 27,080 bushels of grain to their credit. Heaviest yields in the ring went to Cloy Schultz with 6,643 bushels and James Schlce with 5,014 bushels. Families in the threshing ring met Friday night. Those at the meeting were Mr. and Mrs. Vern toteyer, Mr. and Mrs. Clinton Meyer and Bonnie, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Meyer and family, Mr. and Mrs.; Lorenz Pape and family, Mr. and Mrs. James.Schlee and Kathryn Jo, Mr. and Mrs. Eldo Schutte and Joan, Mr. and Mrs. Alvin Thoreson and Zoe, Mr. and Mrs. Cloy Schultz and family and Mr. and Mrs. Otto Elvers and family. PATIENCE AND FORTITUDE Pirates Drop To Third Place In League Battle Squirrel And Rabbit Seasons Set For Year The Conservation Commission announces the opening of the squirrel and rabbit hunting seasons for September 15, with the open season on rabbits to continue through January 31, and squirrels being legal game through November 15. The dates, recommended by Commission biologists, were set by the Commission under provisions of the law, passed by the Fifty-second General Assembly, which authorizes setting open season dates for any period between September 1. and March 1. The daily bag limit on squirrels was set at six with possession limit of twelve. Daily bag limit on rabbits is set at ten with no possession limit. The squirrel season was shortened 30 days, the rabbit season shortened 44 days by the Commission action. 'I To Set Pheasant Season The season on pheasant will not be set until the next Commission meeting, to be held September 6, 7, and 8. The seasons on quail and fur-bearing animals will be established at the October meeting of the Commission. Six New Homes Under Construction Building in Postville took a sudden upsurge last week with construction work on six new houses started. ' The houses vary from single story ranch house types to story and a half construction and smaller homes. Mrs. Ira Smith, who recently sold her farm to Clinton Smith, bought a lot of Mrs. Emma Hein recently and broke ground last Friday for the basement of a new home to be built. The Smith home will be located near the Gregg Lumber Yard. Paul Moser Building: ; Paul Moser is building a story and a half home across the highway from St. Paul's Lutheran Churchy and construction is progressing rapidly On this project. The outside shell of the house is already finished. Arthur Swenson will begin building a home soon on a lot in east Postville which he purchased from Lester Masonhall. The lot was one of the W. H. Oehring properties purchased by Masonhall about a year ago. 1 ' >Lloyd Pearson purchased one of the W. H. Oehring lots in east Postville and broke ground last week on a new home to be built there, ;v Lorence Reinhardt began base inent construction of another house adjacent to the one which he has The Postville Pirates dropped a notch lower in the Scenic League race by virtue of a 5 to 2 loss to Castalia Sunday in a game played there. The Pirates collected 11 hits against six by Castalia but were unable to take advantage of the opportunities. Four Pirate errors aided Castalia in their winning drive. Three of the bobbles were committed in the sixth inning as Castalia scored twice without the aid of a hit. The Castalia nine was charged with only one error during the contest. Walby was on the mound for the Pirates with Bill Palmer behind the plate. E. Koenig pitched for the winners with Monroe on the receiving end. Castalia scored two runs in the second inning, one in the fifth, and two in the sixth for their total of five runs. Postville scored both of their runs in the third inning on i successive hits by D. Mork, Gericke and G. Schultz followed by a double off the bat of Marston. The Pirates will play Prairie du Chien in the next league game to be held at Smith Field next Sunday. Box Score Postville 2 AB D. Mork, 3b 4 Gericke, 2b 4 Paving Is Nearing Completion Here Now I 'CTJoe last of the town streets in this summers project of paving is being completed this week with the pouring of concrete on the stretch extending west from the town waterworks to the Behrens Cement Plant. This will complete th,-street paving work but two blocks of allexjurfacing s tju remain to be finished. \ Excavation and grading is nearing completion on the two blocks of alley work to be done next. This stretch is from the rear of the Farmers Store to the rear of Nyberg's Farm and Home Supply. Paving on this will begin as soon as equipment is finished on the waterworks street. Band To Play Final Concert Of Summer Season Here Tonight This week's band concert Wed nesday evening, will be the last concert of the summer series, ac cording to Luman Colton, band di rector. It will start promptly at 8:00 p. m., as usual. Some of the numbers to be offered on this final concert are: 'March Salutation," Seitz; "Vogue Overture," Holmes. 'Hail, Hail, All Around the World"—"Hail, Hail, the Gang's All Here," as it might be played by bands all over the world. 1. American march version, 2. In Old Mexi co, 3. as an Irish Jig, 4. as a Vien nese Waltz, 5. In Darkest Africa, 6. China, 7. at an English Steeple chase. 'Old Timers Waltz"—A medley of old familiar waltzes, including "The .Bowery," "Sidewalks of New York," "Two Little Girls in Blue, "Daisy Bell," . "Comrades," "Little Annie Rooney," "She May Have Seen Better Days," "The Band Played On," "After the Ball." "Trombone Toboggan," a trom bone novelty; "My Hero," waltz song from "The Chocolate Soldier; by Oscar Straus; i "Limehouse Blues," by Braham; "George Gersh win Selection," another medley of familiar tunes, and "Washington Post" March, John Philip Souse. Food Processing Top Iowa Industry G. Schultz, ss 4 C. Schultz, cf 4 Marston, If 4 Meyer, lb 4 L. Palmer, rf 2 W. Palmer, c 4 Walby, p 3 Rima, 3b : 1 Tehel, rf 1 R 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 H 1 2 2 0 1 3 1 0 1 0 0 Total 35 2 11 Castalia 5 AB M. Koenig, ss 4 Everman, 2b 4 Livingood, rf 0 E. Koenig, p 4 Reisner, 3b 4 Anderson, lb 3 Monroe, c 3 Brown, cf 3 B. Koenig, If 3 Schultz, rf 2 Bachelder, rf 1 H 0 0 0 0 0 Total 31 000—2 000—5 Score By Innings Postville 002 000 Castalia .....020 012 ) Scenic League Standings W L Pet. Monona 10 3 Prairie du Chien 9 5 Postville 8 5 Harpers Ferry 8 5 Waukon 7 5 Castalia , 8 6 Twin Cities 7 6 Lansing 6 6 Luana 3 9 Farmersburg 3 11 Watervllle 3 11 .776 .643 .616 .616 .584 .572 .539 .500 .251 .215 .215 No Polio Cases So Far Reported In The County already started in east PostvilleiJ Reports to the effect th»t A .. These two new homes will sit sidelkee countv's first n„i • hat Allama by side, one for himself and one w " for his son and wife, Mr. and Mrs. Lorence E. Reinhardt. /A Hoth Begins Work ^'i * T*Elmer Hoth has completed jigging of the basement on a- 3«fc£78 foot ranch type house to be__constructed on East Williams_Jiiicgei£; The new home will be of concrete construction with all rooms on one floor. Tlie home will have a full basement according to plans now. kee county's first polio case was reported this week have been discredited as rumor. The rumor apparently started when a Huston county, Minnesota man who lives near the county line was treated by a New Albin. physician and token to a La Crosse, Wisconsin hospital for isolation. Allamakee county still has no known cases of infantile paralysis this year, according to county authorities. - • - The officers and board of direct ors of Postville Quality Foods met last night to discuss the present campaign now underway for selling common stock in the packing plant organization. The drive to raise funds thru the sale of stock is continuing and considerable progress has been made in the past two weeks. It is hoped that the entire stock can be sold by September 1 so that construction work on the new plant can start.. Directors^and officers of the company are making personal calls thruout the vicinity but any interested parties may contact these men at any time for information. The following paragraphs are reprinted from the Iowa Development Commission Bulletin just released. What are Iowa's leading in 1 dustries? This question is being asked the Iowa Development Commission with increasing frequency and a deeper expression of interest. The trek of industry, the decentraliza tion trend which is relocating large eastern plants in the Midwest, is settling a lion's share of new plants in Iowa. The answer to the question ranks food processing as the foremost of our industrial commerce. Over fit ty per cent of our industrial income is derived from this source, accord ing to the Commission's market and research division. The food processing industry includes both meat packing and manufacture of food products, thereby consuming the first two places in the rank of larg est industries. The next in rank includes ma' chinery (notably farm machinery), printing and publishing; brick and tile, cement and concrete products clothing; structural steel; and chemicals, drugs and medicines, in that exact order. The value of produce manufactured, by the food processing indus try in 1939 (the latest manufactures census figures available) amounted to $426,495,601. This included $282,151,000 worth of products manufactured by the meat packing industry and $144,344,601 in value of food products (bakery products and processed foods). Three Births Reported At Postville Hospital There was definitely a male trend at the Postville hospital last week with the three new births on the records all being boys. Following is a list of the births for the seven day period: Son born to Mr. and Mrs. Otto Roggman, Postville, August 12, weighing seven pounds and nine ounces. Son born to Mr. and Mrs. Keith Thoma, Clermont, August 17, weighing six'pounds and 13 ounces. Son born to Mr. and Mrs. Gust Johnson, Postville, August 18, weighing six pounds and two ounces. Other Patients John Falb, Sr. of Elgin was admitted to the hospital as a medical j patient last Friday. j Mrs. Victor Meyer of Monona submitted to surgery at the hospital last Thursday. Council Lets Contract For Water Plant Ames Firm Awarded Contract For $37,029; Will Start At Once The Town Council of Postville in Body Of Lina Dawes Being Returned Here Word was received this morning of the return of the body of Miss Lina Dawes, 72, of Willow Springs, Missouri which is being returned here for burial in the Postville cemetery. Miss Dawes was a former , Postville resident. • The body is being returned;by a brother of the deceased, Horace Dawes, of Springfield, Missouri. Fair Tickets Go On Sale Here Season Tickets for the Big-Four Fair are now on sale at the Home Oil Company and Douglass Pharmacy here in Postville, and purchasers will save money be securing them before the opening day of the fair. An increase in price becomes effective when the gates swing open to this year's exposition September 3. Adults season tickets are offered at the same price as heretofore, $1.50, plus 30 cents federal tax. Children up to 16 years of age may secure tickets for $1.00 plus 20 cents tax. Season automobile pass es are $1.00. These prices are on advance purchases. Single admission prices are as follows: Adults 50 cents plus tax; children, 10 to 14 years, 21 cents plus tax; children under 10 years free when accompanied by parents or guardians; automobiles 25 cents, Two Entrances There will again be two gates to the fairgrounds to facilitate enter ing and leaving, one is the main entrance from highway No. 51, and»| the other is a south entrance lead ing off Green street at the Cassie Harrington corner. Buy a season ticket today to see every performance and save money. Legion Post Elects Officers Here Tuesday Arthur F. Brandt Post, No. 518, American Legion, held its annual meeting last Tuesday, August 10, and elected officers to serve for the year 1948-1949. The meeting was held in the club rooms in Memorial Hall. Installation of the new officers followed the election. The new officers elected and installed at the meeting are as follows: Commander ...Harold Christofferson Vice Commander Verne Stover Adjutant ....Harry Tyler Finance Officer......LaMont Gericke Chaplain .Norris Blegen Sergeant at Arms John Palas Historian.... .Carlton Schroeder Executive Committee....L. O. Koevenig, L. C. Schultz, Don Martindale, Bob Burling, Jack LaVelle, Paul Schutte, Arno Wilker. a speciaTrheeting Monday evening held at Memorial Hall awarded a contract for the construction of im» provements and extension to the town's waterworks plant to the General Filter Companyfirm of Ames on a bid of $37,029. This was the lowest of three bids submitted on the project. Construction work will begin at once according to company representatives and the company promised that all work would be completed by the time the peak load would again be reached ne%t summer. The project involves the installs' tion of an entirely new water softening and treatment plant to replace the one now in operation which has been in constant use for the past 18 years. The old plant has become too small for present' day needs and cannot supply water in quantities desired for daily use. Supply of water, especially on warm summer days, has become- dangerously low at times and doe* not provide quantities which which should be on hand at alt times for fire protection. In addition to this, new demands for water are being made constantly with new homes being constructed, population increasing, and an anticipated industrial expansion. To Construct Tank Another main phase of the work will be the construction of a 50,000 gallon concrete water storage tank to supplement the supply of water which is normally kept in the stand pipe. The location of this tank has already been staked out at a point adjoining the present ater plant and excavation for thi#- project will start at once. The equipment to be installed is of the latest design and has been approved by the Iowa State Department of Health. Engineers feel that this new improvement will adequately handle all present day needs and will be of such size to allow for normal growth of the town and its population for the next 20 years. Take Lowest Bid Cost of this plant will be taken care of by proceeds received from the regular water fund. The bid of $37,029 which was accepted was the lowest of three bids, the highest being some over $70,000. The new plant will provide Postville with one of the most modern water processing units in the state and should take care of the needs of the town for many years to come. With the new storage tank and new processing equipment, the supply of water should be ample at all times and provide the protection needed in case of fire or other cause requiring a heavy use of water. Fayette County Fair Will Start August 27 The Fayette County Fair will open in West Union on Tuesday, August 24, and continue thru five days including Saturday, August 28. The schedule of events calls for baseball games, harness and running races, big car auto races, livestock judging and parades, State Fair revue, dances, white horse show and- many additional feature acts. The Postville Pirates are scheduled to play on the opening day of the fair, Tuesday, with West Union as their opponents. Other nines scheduled are Spillville, Sumner, Monona, Festina and Wadena. Jimmy Lynch's Death Dodgers will be there for Friday and Saturday afternoon there will be big car auto races. Each of the five days is featured with a main event along with the best in outdoor shows and a midway of fun. HAIL FALLS TUESDAY IN WAUKON VICINITY Hailstones the size of bird's eggs fell on Waukon for a period of about five minutes just after 11:00 a. m. Tuesday. No extensive damage was reported in the town, or adjacent areas. The hail accompanied a half hour long shower that dumped an estimated one-half inch of rain on the Waukon vicinity. Rain fell in several shower periods in Postville Tuesday morning but brought no large amounts of moisture.