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PAGE EIGHT. THE POSTVILLE HERALD, POSTVILLE, IOWA WEDNESDAY, AUQij ST , ; As I See It by C. \\\ D. The Indiana Legislature has passed a resolution regarding Federal aid to States which says. "We have taken a good look at Federal dollars and find that they all lose weight on their journey to Washington and back home again." * * * * * What has happened to the swim- wing pool that was going to be built in PostviHe? That question has been mentioned on several instances and' after considerable checking, here is the answer that was found. . In sumarizing earlier events, the Arthur F. Brandt Post. American Legion, circulated a petition in the town asking for a swimming pool vote and succeeded in getting enough signers to present the request to the town council. After the duly signed petition was presented to the council, it became the duty of the council members to place the issue before the voters to determine whether there would be authority granted by the electorate to issue bonds to cover the indebtedness required to build the pool. The vote, which required a 60 per cent majority, carried by seven votes. The council then hired an engineer to draw up plans for the •construction of a pool 110 feet by 40 feet. This advance work was all completed last winter and early last spring. In the meantime the town's sewage treatment plant, which was expected to last several more years before replacement was necessary, is rapidly becoming completely un- useable and requires immediate attention. Land owners below the plant have filed complaints and have a just cause for such action. Thus, the situation became such to require immediate action and other projects had to be shelved. The swimming pool was one of these projects. The sewage plant will cost the town approximately $75,000. according to specifications and plans of engineers. In addition there is a deficiency on paving assessment amounting to $25,000. The total reaches S100.000 which is within S5.000 of the debt limit of PostviHe, $105,000. This remaining $5,000 falls far short of being sufficient to start construction of a swimming pool. What are the possibilities for building the pool next year or the year after. Barring further emer gency action on health and sanit;v tion projects, there is a glimmer of hope. Under the new- county assessor law. the assessed valuation of land and property in PostviHe will probably be higher and this coupled with new real estate improve ments in the town, will undoubted ly raise the bonded limitation of the town. The limitation is set at five per cent of the assessed valuation of town property. If this bonded limit can be raised enough to allow the swimming pool within the budget, then all is well. If not, it looks like a long dry spell. • • • • Mike Thiel, farmer residing at Moneek. attended the Democratic state convention in Des Moines last Friday as a delegate from Winneshiek county. There is a bit of the unusual in the situation when you look back a few years when Mike first came to this country from Germany. He came here some 18 years ago. became a naturalized citizen, and during that short period of time has found his place in our Iowa life and accepted the responsibilities of government by taking the first step of becoming a delegate to one of the major party conventions in the state. • • • * American journalists, returning from Germany, report that American and German bureaucrats are literally throttling German pro- Heat Destroys Quality Eggs Pick Up Your Eggs Often and Help Preserve Quality Eggs Cool your eggs in wire baskets by setting the baskets on boards or on the concrete floor of your basement. PRICES: 43c-39c-29c Hansen & Matson Co. Telephone No. 251 PostviHe, Iowa GOODYEAR BATTERY SPECIAL FULLY GUARANTEED 20 MONTHS -FOR- $ 8.95 Exchange FALB'S • Elgin PostviHe Guttenberg duction, so important to European recovery, by a passion of red tape that approaches mania. According to one report, in an important part of the American zone (Wurtem- berg-Baden) the monthly consumption of paper by bureaucracy has been about 1.000 metric tons in the same period that newspapers were alloted 32 tons, books 70 tons, and periodicals 500 tons. CATTLE NUMBERS ARE DECREASING Farmers should stay in the livestock business and not sell it short, says Rex Beresford. extension animal husbandry specialist at Iowa State College. Beresford has been saying this to farmers and agricultural leaders all over the state. Speaking to a group of G. I. farm trainees at Harlan, the specialist pointed out that cattle numbers are on the decrease. "In the United States, 40 percent of the 1947 calf crop was marketed before January 1. 1948," Beresford said. He reminded young farmers that profits made in 1947 were not made in the actual cattle feeding operation but from the increase in price of cattle owned. Feeders High Looking to the future, he pointed out, "There is a short supply of feeders and if finished cattle prices stay high and there is plenty of feed on hand, feeder cattle prices may be too high this fall." Again talking to a group of 90 Mitchell County beef cattle farmers, Beresford said that there were 25 percent fewer cattle on feed April 1 in the 11 main cattle feeding states than at the same time last year. The big profit year for cattle feeders was 1947, he added. At the close of the year, the United States wound up with 2.6 million fewer cattle, 1.9 million fewer hogs and 1.6 million head less sheep. The same forces are operating this year and we may see a repetition of the 1947 situation when 40 percent of the year's calf crop went directly to slaughter. Use Some Caution No one expects the kind of livestock prices that existed in 1947 to last indefinitely. The man who maintains his breeding herds at normal or increased levels is almost sure to take some book losses sooner or later, said Beresford. Now is the time to cull, cash in on old and offtype stock and improve quality. x Beresford was one of the featured speakers at the Cattle Feeders' Day in Ames last month. He suggested that predictions leading farmers to believe that prices will hit $40 a hundred later this summer might cause some to pay any amount to fill their feedlot. He cautioned against paying excessive prices for range feeder cattle to be fattened on corn. Farmers should be cautious about buying feeders this* fall to market in 1949. This suggestion is based on the prospects of a good corn crop this year which may lead to an increase in the number of cattle fed next winter. Summing up, Beresford says that the man who staps in the livestock producing business during these times will be better off than the one who sells out now and tries to get back in three or four years from now. City gardeners should keep rot ting vegetables and decaying plant material in their compost heaps, covered with at least a foot of soil to prevent fly breeding. There can be no primary noxious weeds in grain fields passed for certification. "If yon drank a lot of WATER'S PASTEURIZED MILK like I do, you'd be strong enough to fix your own car. Father says: 'Drinklnr milk is a very masculine habit'." For Pure Pasteurized Milk, Cream, Chocolate Drink and Cottage Cheese, Can 237-/. 237-J Left To Write By Bob Klauer. Opinions expressed In this column are those of the writer and do not necessarily conform to the editorial policy of this newspaper. Punching Themselves The. divided factions of the Democratic Party seem to be doing a pretty good job of knocking each other out. With every utterance they are punching themselves with the result that they haven't landed many blows on the rtepublicans, but have just about slapped each other to death. ftlany things go well beyond the southern revolt, which in itself is enough to spell the party's doom. The Democratic Platform, adopted at Philadelphia, is so inconsistent that already it is beginning to fall apart. Two of the major planks, one which places the blame on the Republicans for the high cost of living through the removal of price controls, and the other advocating the -repeal of the Taft-Hartley Labor Act, have toppled from the flimsy structure. It was not a Republican Congress which killed the OPA. The death knell \oi that program was sounded by Democratic votes in a Democratic Congress. So if the removal of price controls is such a contributing factor to the high cost of living as is charged in the Democratic Piatform, then that party— Mr. Truman's party alone, must take full responsibility. In his "political" message at the opening of the special session of Congress, last week, Mr. Truman again had much to say about the high cost of living and talked about price controls. But apparently he suffered a lapse of memory on the action which he and his own party had previously taken. There are so many things which Mr. Truman now finds time to blame upon others. He is Candidate Truman now. If he is sincere about all those things it seems strange that he didn't do something about them as President Truman, when his party was in full control. He had the power and the authority, yet he failed to act. With respect to the Taft-Hartley Act, which the Democratic Platform says should be repealed, the record shows that it is nearly as much a Democratic measure as a Republican. Republicans wrote the act, it is true, and were responsible for its introduction. Yet it never would have passed had not the majority of Democrats voted for it. On the original passage of the bill a majority of Democrats in both Houses voted for the act. But the interesting figure is the vote to override the President's veto. In the House 106 Democrats voted to pass the bill over the veto and only 71 voted to sustain. Twenty Democratic Senators voted against the veto and only 22 to sustain. Thus it would seem that the Democratic Platform in urging repeal of the act is repudiating 126 Democratic Senators and Congressmen—more than a majority of the party's lawmakers. Mr. Truman's attack on the 80th Congress, to say the least, certainly must be humiliating to those Democrats. Finance Drive Success The drive for, campaign funds which has been in progress since July 1st, under the direction of the Republican Finance Committee of Iowa, is working out successfully. A number of counties have already reached their quotas and others report that they are nearing their goal. This fund raising plan, which was inaugurated this year, has received the endorsement of the Central Committee Chairmen in all of the counties where a finance organization has been set up. Such Is Fame An out of state visitor was the guest of a delegate to the Iowa State Democratic Convention in Des Moines last week. They arrived at the Convention late, while the Democratic Candidate for Governor was speaking. "Who is the speaker?" the out of state man asked. "Oh, that's, what's his name. Can't think of his name right now, but he's running for Governor," the delegate replied. Turning to another delegate he asked him if he remembered the candidate's name. "I've heard it but I don't remember it either," he said. 1948 Tax Increase Greatest In Nation Preliminary estimates of taxes paid to the federal government by lowans in 1948 show that they paid the greatest percentage increase over 1947 collections of any state in the nation. Total taxes from Iowa were 28 percent greater this year than last. The 1948 preliminary estimate sets internal revenue collections from Iowa at $446,182,330.48 as against $348,763,454.52 in 1947, according to statistics of the market and research division of the Iowa Development Commission. In rank of the largest total amount of taxes paid of the federal government this year, Iowa ranks twentieth. The comparative increase of collections among the 48 states over 1947 places Iowa two percent above her nearest competitor, Michigan, with a total increase of 26 percent. In the amount of largest total returns, highly industrialized New- York state led by a substantial margin. Yet New York's increase in tax payments over 1947 was negligible, while the increase listed for Iowa amounted to $97,418, 875.96, a 28 percent jump. The increase in total tax payments means also that there was an increase in total income. Incomes in Iowa, relative to the tax payments over the same period, were: Family income, $5,052; per capita, $1,547; per farm, $$11,500. These figures show that the great productions of Iowa's industtry, agriculture, trades, services and other categories of commerce reaped a rich return, significantly vivid in the increased tax payment volume. JEFF DAVIS RAN MILL ON YELLOW RIVER If "necessity is the mother of invention", so also necessity frequently out-runs the law. Such, indeed, was the history of mills and milldams in the early Iowa country. There was a time when primitive milldams were needed, and the pioneers devised rude structures to meet this need. Legal provisions and rules relative to milling came at a later date. When logs were needed to build Fort Crawford near Prairie du, Chien, Federal troops were directed to cross the Mississippi River and erect a sawmill on the Yellow River in what is now Iowa. There a dam was built, a sawmill constructed, and Jefferson Davis, then a lieutenant in the United States Army, superintended the work during the summer of 1831. According to tradition, Davis was kind to the Indians in this vicinity and as a result he was adopted into their tribe and given the name of "Little Chief." The weather in the fall is alleged to have been so inclement that he contracted pneumonia and was confined to this isolated place until late in the season. When he recovered he obtained a furlough from which he returned to the frontier just in time to participate in the Black Hawk War. A few years later, it is said, this mill burned like a ship at the water's edge. Many years later interested citizens discovered tht location of the "Jeff Davis Mill" and recorded the site of the first mil- dam in the Iowa country. Pig Crop Boosted By Large Litters Iowa's spring pig crop turned out much better than expected, I. W. Arthur, Iowa State College agricultural economist, reports. According to the official estimate, 11,334,000 pigs were farrowed in the state last spring. This is six percent below 1947 and the smallest spring crop since 1931. However, Arthur points out that it is about one percent above the, 10-yenr average and considerably above the total indicated by the intentions of farmers last fall. Cut Sows 13 Percent Iowa farmers in December reported intentions to cut the number of sows to farrow by 18 percent Actually the number of sows were cut only 13 percent and more pigs were saved per litter. Arthur soys that this made the spring pig crop only 6 percent below the spring of 1947. Iowa farmers saved almost six and one-half pigs per litter last spring, more than a half pig more per litter than the year before. This number of pigs saved is the second largest on record. Favorable weather during the peak farrowing months is given much of the credit for the increased number saved. Another contributing factor was later farrowing dates. Increase Fall Pigs Indications are that Iowa will have the largest fall pig crop since 1945. Arthur says that Hawkeye state farmers have expressed their intentions to have 725,000 sowst row from June to December, n is ten percent more than Wfl t litters, AU parts of the state show l lentlons to increase fall litters, t the largest increase was repotfl from the western one-third potti Arthur says it may be possible (Jj some of the heavy cattle tedijjj areas will increase the number j fall pigs as an outlet lor a Urt share of their 1SM8 corn crop. You can start now to preps) ground for n strawberry bed tob set next spring. Small grain seed must germi-J 90 percent or more strong Tf blue-tag certification require^ DANCE — at the - | CHECKERBOARD! PRAIRIE DU CHIEN, \YB, 1 RIDGE RIDERS COWBOY MUSIC I THURSDAY, AUG. 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