Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on October 14, 1959 · Page 5
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 5

Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 14, 1959
Page 5
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New Industrial Revolution Dawns- 'Building Block' Assembly Lines Cut Costs, Allow Variety ., By RAY CROMLEY NEA Staff Correspondent DETROIT — (NEA) — A revolution in manufacturing is quietly getting under way. New methods will help hold down the costs of many types of goods — automobiles, farm machinery, missiles, aircraft — outboard motors, I.B.M. machines and oil well equipment. These changes should gradually mean more variety in the things you buy — even more choice than now, for example, in types and styles of automobiles. It will be possible to tailor cars more and more to particular needs —as some of the new small cars for 1960 are tailored to the needs of the housewife and her grocery- P.T.A.-Brownie-Cub Scout errands. The revolution .will cut sharply the time between the day an improved auto engine is developed and the day you can have one in the car you buy. These new methods will also cut d6wn somewhat the seasonal ups and downs of employment in industries such as motor making where plants now shut down for yearly model changes. They will make it possible for many smafler companies to install automation — at least'partially — thus possibly reversing the decline ot small manufacturers. They have been losing out in the past few years because of their inability to automate as rapidly as big concerns. What then is this revolution? It's the building of giant automatic machines and automatic production lines from a "simple" series of "building block" units. And it's the working out of a "simple" way to change these automatic machines and production lines by pulling out one "building block" or "tinkertoy piece" and substituting another, quickly and relatively cheaply. That's a big change from shutting down the plant and buying virtually a whole new automatic production line when the market changes. A key agreement on the inter- Times Herald, Carroll, la. Wednesday, Oct. 14, 1959 company standardization necessary to make these changes in machine tool production has now been reached between major machinery makers and major American manufacturing firms. The Big Three auto companies were in the lead, but the agreement included! such industrial giants as General^ Electric, Bendix Aviation, I.B.M., Vickers, Caterpillar Tractor, Allis Chalmers and International Har-< vester. The first major orders for the new standardized "building block" machinery will be signed shortly by at least one major automobile maker. These new methods will mean that eventually it wll be possible to make quick and cheap shifts of au- omation on many tasks and in many industries where it is now impractical. Experts estimate that for making machinery changes the average savings should be around 60 per cent of the cost of the new machinery. Someitmes the savings would be considerably greater. Under the new system it would cost $(350,000 to change a production line making Lincoln or Mercury engines to a line making the small Falcon engines. Putting in a new line, by contrast, might cost about three million dollars. That high old-time cost, and the time required to change production lines, has often been prohibitive in the past. Now it will be economically practical for auto makers to speed mechanical improvements in automobiles as rapidly as they've hustled styling changes. This cheapness, is the key to the profits the "building block" system can bring to small businesses. The small business lag is a result of the extremely high cost and the inflexibility of past highly-automatic production lines. In at least one case, a company built a completely automatic plant, then was never able to use it be- RUPTURED? A Free Demonstration wlil be given by the Weil-Known Expert H. L. Hoffmann in Carroll—Hotel Burke, Friday, October 16—10 to 3. Over 30 years of experience with tens of thousands grateful customers to prove it. Hoffmann can help you too. A newly developed vacuum pad—patented and registered—holds hernia firmly in place. It's almost magic. No Surgery. No injection. No loss of time. Work in comfort and safety. Caution: H neglected, rupture may cause weakness, backache, nervousness stomach and gas pains. Those having large ruptures which have returned after operation or Injection are especially Invited. Hoffmann's Surgical Appliance Co. 953 Plymouth Building Minneapolis 3, Minnesota 'BUILDING BLOCK' by 'building block,' a milling machine — part of an automated assembly line — grows cause its customers wanted a change in the specifications of the product the plant was designed to turn out. It was cheaper to scrap the whole plant than to alter it. Under the new "building block" system, a manufacturer caught in a will be able to change a number of his "units' relatively cheaply, keep right on producing without long shutdowns. Another advantage: a small company will be able to build up its automated production lines piece by piece. With "building blocks," he can keep adding on. Food and Nutrition By Mary Macomber Director, Nutrition Service for Iowa Department of Health Distributed by The Iowa Dally Press Association Last fall there were 8 million, 499 thousand little pigs born on Iowa farms. Only this spring 12 million, 750 thousand more pigs joined them to promise a plentiful supply of pork in the grocers' meat departments this October. A plentiful s u pply usually means that prices at the retail market will be good for the buyer. It is a wise homemaker who takes advantage of such prices to include Mary Macomber P°rk and bring variety to her dinner menus. When one mentions pork, an immediate response from our calorie conscious society is often "We just never eat pork. Too many calories." I came across some figures that may surprise you, and delight you if you have been avoiding succulent roast pork because of all those calories. A recent report of a research study at Oklahoma State University has revealed that cooked pork muscle or the lean portion with streaks of fat throughout contained no more fat than similar portions of beef, veal or lamb. Compare these figures for the calories to be found in a 3% oz. serving with visible fat removed. The roasts were cooked for 2% hours to 3Mz hours; chops broiled for 20-40 minutes: Each 3% ounce serving — calories: Veal, rump roast, 175; Lamb, roast leg, 195; Pork, sirloin roast, 227; Beef, pot roast, 235; Veal, loin chop, 207; Lamb, loin chop, 223; Pork, center cut chop, 250; Beef, rib steak, 262; Beef, ground, 263. You can readily see that pork s not appreciably higher in calor- es tha"n similar cuts of beef, lamb or veal. The long cooking time required for pork roast allows the fat to render out. This i£ something we often forget. During the last 15 years, the swine industry has concentrated on producing what is called a meat- type hog. The breeders have been able to produce a hog which at market weight of 200 pounds has a considerable proportion of muscle. The pork chops and hams we buy now at the meat market actually do contain less fat than they did several years ago. You have perhaps noticed this. These chilly autumn evenings a meal built around braised pork chops or a pork roast will be popular with Iowa families. The homemaker can take pride in offering her family variety from this popular meat. Pork contains excellent quality protein, and it is one of the best sources to be found for the vitamin Thiamin so necessary for healthy nerves. The person who is watching his total caloric intake can.avoid putting the calorie-packed gravy on his mashed potatoes. Mark Twain was a pilot on a Mississippi River steamboat for seV eral years and used his experien ces in a number of his books. "It's the best news we've hear,d in a long time," saya one small manufacturer. Just Received SPECIAL SHIPMENT OF KUEMPER BLOUSES 1 Good quality Pima cotton blouses cut over exact Kueik- per specifications. Long Sleeve) or Short Sleeve Sizes 30 to 38 WALLPAPER Over 200 patterns for living room, hall, dining room, bedroom and kitchen. Want a refreshing change of scene: Let new wallpaper work its wonders in your home. Right now is the time to do it and you can save plenty by taking advantage of this big WALLPAPER SALE. Come in and see our wide, wonderful world of designs and textures for your home. One group of over 60 patterns that we have marked down to sell in this price A ROLL One group of over 25 patterns to sell at this price. 49c 59c Over 100 lovely new patterns lower prices for this sale. with 69c a roll and up AMERICA'S FAVORITE INTERIOR PAINTS! AMERICA'S FAVORITE OUTSIDE PAINTS! SHERWIN-WILLIAMS PUNTS 520 N. Adams St. - Carroll, Iowa Budget Payments - No Interest or Carrying Charge Outdoors! On the Job! Penney's warms your winter! 3-D KNIT THERMAL UNDERWEAR TRAPS BODY HEAT 2 79 •ach shirt. . . men's sixes 38 to 46 pants . v • men's sizes 30 to 44 Frosty chills and shivers are gone forever . . . it's many degrees warmer inside Penney's cotton thermal underwear! Here's the original thermal knit developed by the Navy for use under arctic conditions. Penney's has tailored this waffle knit insulator for action-free comfort... in shirts with a ribbed crew neck collar 'n cuffs. . . pants with an elasticized waistband and ribbed anklets. Both machine wash! PEMSETS WORKS WONDERS SAVE! COTTON SATEEN PARKAS 1295 Men's Size* 36 to 46 Water repellent! Wind resistant! And plenty warm! Penney's parkas boast full quilt lining, Orlon(r) pile lined zip-off hood. Charcoal, olive. STURDY lO-OUNCE WORKSUITS 498 Men's Sizes 34 to 50 Fisher stripe denims cut to Penney's proportion-fit patterns! Get an elastic waist, 2-way zipper and action back. Sanforized (r), too, even the deep pockets. WITH YOUR BUDGET... WORK OR SPORT CAPESKIN CAPS 198 Yes, genuine capeskin! And Penney's gives it a full quilt lining for all-winter wear plus a warm, turn-down in- band! Charcoal, red, cordovan, more. WORK, PLAY IN COTTON FLANNEL 249 Men's Sizes Small, Medium, Large, Extra-Large Rich ombre plaids . . . sport styled outside, with long "stay-put" tails inside! Penney's active fit is designed for full freedom of motion! Sanforized(r). SHOP PENNEY''ll live better, you'll save I

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