The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa on July 16, 1892 · Page 2
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July 16, 1892

The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa · Page 2

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Saturday, July 16, 1892
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The PostviUe Weekly Review. POSTVILLE, SAT'DAY, JULT 16 "W. W. BUBDIOK, Editor. Bnttrtd at the postofficc at Postvillc as jecond-clax.i matter. National Republican Ticket. For President, BENJAMIN UAHU1SON, of Indiana, For Vico-Preiidant, WMTELAW REU), of Now Tork. THE HOME STEAD RIOT. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS. roil KI.KCTORS AT LARGE. A. B. CumraingH of Polk. Milton Uonilcr of Iowa. First.. Sfcoud. Third.. Fourth. Fifth... Sixth... Seventh Eighth DISTRICT ELECTORS. .YV. M. Walker, of VanBuren. ... Cli:>8. Lowis, of Johnson. C. E. Albtook, uf Hardin. . .II. V. llimcook, of Fayette. ... .Henry Stone, of Mnnhall. 11. V. Carroll, of Davis. E. K. Ilny-as, of Marion. L. C. Meohon, of Appanoose. Ninlli. ..John Linett, of 1'ottmvattaiuio. Tanth 'A. A. Church, of Green. Eluranth .E. D. Chassell, of Plymouth. STATE TICKET. For Secretary of Stata, W. M. Mcl'AULAND, of Ennnett county. For Attorney General, JOHN Y. STONE, of Mills county. For Troasuror of Stnto, BYKON A. HEESON. of Marshall county. For Auditor of State, c. u. MCCAKTHY. of Story county. For Railroad Commissioner, U. W. PERKINS, of Fremont county. REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL CONVENTION. A delegate- convention of the republicans of tho fourth congressional district of the state of Iotvn, will bo held at Now Hampton, Iowa, on Wednesday, August 10th, at 1 o'clock p. m., for tho purpose of nominating a candidate for representatiyn in congress for said di«- triot and for such other business as may properly be considered. Tho basis of representation will bo one dolegato to each county and ono additional delegate to each 100 votes or fraction over 60 cast for Hon. H. C. Wheeler forgov- aruor, as follows, to-wit: Allamakee 19 Cerro Gordo 50 Chickasaw 16 Clayton 2S Fayette 2C Floyd 19 Howard U Mitohell 18 Winnosheik 24 Worth A U By order of tho republican congressional committee, JAMES E. BLYTJIE, Chairman. CVKUS W. FIKLXI, of Atlantic cable notoriety, is dead. IT is strnnga that wonderful tariff law should have precipitated a •nritu in the unprotected silver mines of Idaho. But then tho tariff is a curious animal. Tho great wonder is that tho recent Hoods were not charged up to it. Our friends have cortainly lost a point ia tho campaign by neglect. TIIKKE is liable to bo a cholera soaro in this country this year, and if it proves to be only a scare we shall ba much ploased. The scourge is said to bo'spreading rapidly in Russia and has appeared in Franco. Our seaport cities are alert and it is hoped it will not land on our shores. Fon the past ten days tha campaign has degenerated into a discussion as to whether or not the McKinley bill is solely responsible for the recant riots As they occurred periodically under all administrations and in all countries it is hard to sea where tha force of '.he democratic logic comes in. But as that party lias but little stock in trade to talk about, and as it has no hops of electing its candidate) outside of the liouso of representatives, perhaps it should be indulgod iu a little midaum- niar uiooushine. It will be sick enough of its position inside of thirty days, and may then bo ready to discuss cjunstiODS portinent to the campaign. IN speaking of tha tardy call of Gov rattison for tho militia of Pennsylvania to assemble, at Homestead and quell the riot, tha Pioneer Press very cogently remarks: "Thore can be hut one thiug for this militia force to do, and wo shall watch its proceedings wilb great interest. The reign of law and ardor must bo restored. The regime of forco must coma to an end. Tho Carnegie property must bo returned to its owners, and thoy must be protected iu tho employment of any men who ohouso to work for them, just as those men must bo protected in thair labor. These are no requirements of capital pitted against labor. They are the lequire- ments of orderly govornmont. They are the requirements of freedom. Any others would reduce labor to a more hopuluss slavery than it has over kiiown. It cannot be poa»iblo that Gov. Pattisou means anything less thau this, beoauso ha understands the situation. If bo moans to do less, ha should Jo ootlring. It is iro trilling matter to call 8.000 men to arms; and they will noeil to be summoned again if the mills aro not started up now uuder protection of the soldiery. This idea that laborers who have eeiibod to ba In the employ of a concern may declare that no others shall take their plants, this tvraDnloal BjMiiimtiilrtii »Ko* Such proceedings is those enacted at Homestead, Pennsylvania. last week, aro always to be regretted, as they strike at the very foundation of government and provo that anarchy is abroad in the land. And not tho least of tho regret ia caused by tho fact that a great party springs into the breach and strives to make political capital cm I of a purely private and personal raattar, with which politics has no more to do than with the movement of the planets. It is a matter solely and entirely botwoin tho Carnegie steel works and tho employee of those mills, just the s.trne as all strikes aro bctweon the employer and the employes. If tho truth would bo adhered to by those who strive to gain a political advantage from it there could be no just cause of complaint; but from the bost data wa can get there ia no sc.n- blance of truth in the assertions being thrust before tho people. For instance it is charged that the poor laborers arc being grouud down to starvation wages, so that their families can soarcely keep soul and body together, and tha inference is allowed to go out that tho whole 4,000 employes have been cut from 20 to 60 per cent, on wages. If this wa* so, wbilo it would still bo a matter entiroly outside of politics, it would lie a bad state of affairs. But tke other side maintain tiiat the cut affects only 325 of the nearly 4,000 operatives and these are men who are nixking from $5.00 to J50.00 a day, and some even more than that, and that tho cut on these docs not equal 12 per cent. Tho whole thing seems to be a determination of tho labor unions to dictate and run the business of private individuals, regardless of law, order or anything else except thoir own inclination.-!, and to prevent the owners to havo anything to do with running their own business. While wo presume Mr. Carnegie is avaiicious and in a measure unfeoling, as most human beings aro who aro in independent circumstances, still he lias some lights that the law is bound to respect, anil it is probable that the commonwealth of Ponnsyl vania will bo called upon to make good his losses unless it puts him in immediate possession of his property, and guarantees his right to run it in his own way, by whatever sesle of wages ha chooses to pay*, and by whoraso over ho may chooso to employ. This is the guarantee of tho constitution and laws of tha land, and they must bo res pectod ami ouforeod if it takes the whole power of the United States to do it. And it is high time that this mat ter was settled in such a manner that it will not be prolitablo for others to try the experiment. If it is to be an established precedout that the employes aro to say not only who is to be employed, but how much thoy shall bo paid and under what circumstances, a man may bo discharged, employers should know it so that thoy may go out of busiuess; for uo business can be successfully conducted in any such way. All our sympathy is naturally with the laboring mon and none of it with the capitalists only so far as thoir legal rights are eoncorned; but thore is no fact more solf-ovidont than that these strikes, as thoy aro being carried on throughout tho country aro not only a detriment to labor but they strike at tho foundation of all law and order. Labor must be perfectly free to engage in whatever and wherover it pleases at whatevor wages it can secure, and must be permitted to termiuato its contract whenever it tan do bettor, or wbon, from any cause it so ('esircs. And on tha other hand capital must have the right, not only to invest in whatever it pleasos that is lawful aud legitimate, but it must havo tho right to hire whomsoerer it pleases at prices mutually agreed upon, and must have the right to raiso or lower wages at its own discretion. Otherwise this is not a free country and capital cannot bo safely invested. In all civilized countries capital and |,l.\bor are mutually interested in each other, aad should be friends. There can be no remunerated labor uuless there is first capital in sight to remunerate it. We should ju«l as certniuly lapse back to barbarism without tho one as tho other. Without tho machinery, tho hardware, the clothing and all tho accessories of tha tarm which aru furnished by both labor aud capital iu other lines of industry tho farmer would bo as impotent to extract comfort and profit out of an Iowa farm as the Indian iu the western wilds. It is Ilio diversity of industry, made possiblo by capital, that makes civilization a fact to-day, and each must have their proper place in the respect of the people if wo would maintain the onward maroh of progress that this age has ushered in. STRIKES tJNDER CLEVELAND. The democratic press is so wild with glee over the Homestead strike that, tho Minneapolis Tribune has taken the pains to institute comparison* and gives the following result! "Speaking of strikes, let us look up the record, for, as Patrick Henry said, •Wo havo ilo other light to guide >vur foot than the lamp of experience; wo can judge- of the ftiturn only by the past. Mr. Cleveland is a cnudidate for the presidency this year aud his supporters are fund of telling the work- ingmcn that wages will be so good, if they elect him, that there will be no further need of strikes; no danger of lockouts. Tho country has had one Cleveland administration. How fared the workiiiginan Ihnn? The total number of strikes in all industries iu tho United States from 1881 to 1SMU inelnsivo was 10,159. During the lirst two years of Mr. Cleveland's administration (\89i-8ti) they mimbervii 1-',145. In other words, diitiug tho enliro administration of Garfield and Arthur thero were not as many strikos by 20 aer cent, as occurred during tho lir.-l half of Mr. Cleveland's term. Agniu. during the four yoars from 1881 to 1885 inclusive, 181.00!) persons went out on strike. During tho first two years of the Cleveland regime the grand total was 7 12,194. In New York, Mr. Cleveland's own slato, there were 5,180 strikes during the first half of his administration. The total number for the four years preceding was 4 ,007. .' In 188ti, after the country had Wad a full year of Cleveland rule, there were •1.317 strikes in his own state of New York, involving lo;.,07l persons. In 1889 90, the bogirminj, of the present administration, tho number of strikers fell to 93 ,894. nnd the greatest strike of that period was on the New York Central railroad, which iiiMiliition certainly cannot bo classed as a protected industry. Nor was this a strike against a rodiiclion of wages, Inil arose from certain dismissals made by tho company. lii tho lirst half your of MoKinlcyism we lind ^teenrding to figures presented by a local democratic organ) two strikes in 'McKinley protected' toxtile Industries in Connecticut. In the corresponding six months of Cleveland's administration thero were four strikes in the clothing factories, six in tho cotton mills and :)9 in the foundries of the same state. In New Jorsay, during the same period, thero were two strikes in 'McKinley protected industries.' In President Cleveland's second year (lirst six months) New Jersey reported 13 strikes in its silk works, 11 in the building trades, nine iu lcutlier and eight in machinery. During the first six mouths of Melvinlsvinin New York had one strike in a MelCiuloy protected industry; tho lirst six months of Mr. Cleveland's second year witnessed 4,533 strikes in that slate. In Ohio during that period the ratio was three for'Melvinleyisni' to 81 for Cleveland; iu Pennsylvania during tho first half year of tho McKinley bill democratic authorities charge up strikes in eight iron and steel works in Pennsylvania and iu several Philadelphia carpet factories to that moasure. During the corresponding six months of Cleveland's administration 39 carpet works and 27 steel works in Pennsylvania were under strike, not to mention tho lfl,00# miners iu 1 111 coal mines. Mr. Cleveland hud a donioeratic liouso behind him at that tiro.*, the complexion of that body being democrats. 184: republicans, 1*39; greenback- labor, 2. Tho senate was republican but by tho narrow margin of six votos. and a eonsiderablo number of the republican senators wore inclined towards tariff reduction. It was dur ing the incubation of the Morrison tar iff bill, which came to grief in 18RG. that Mr. Cleveland's administration made its plienominal strike record." WE clip the following from tho pre faco of the Omaha people's platform unon which Jus. B. Weaver stand Did anybody before dream that wo wore monar.od by so many kinds of ruin, especially whon all statistics prove that in oyory avonuo of busiuess the year just past has been tho most prosperous one since the foundation of the government? But hear tho calam ity apostles shriek: The conditions which surround us best jiibtify our co-operariou. Wo meet iu the midst of ti nation brought to tho vergo of moral, political aud material ruin. Corruption dominatos tho ballot box, tho legislatures, the congross, and touches even tfle ermine of lite bench Tho people aro demoralized; most of tho slates have been conipolled to isolate the yotnrs at the polling places to prevent nuivorsal intimidation or brib cry. Tho newspapers are largely sub sldized or muzzled; public opinion silenced; busiuess prostrated; our homos covered with niortgagos; labor impoverished and the lauds concentrating in the hands of tho capitalists. The urban workmen aro denied the right of organization for self-protection; imported pauperized labor boats down their wages; a hireling standing army, unrecognized by our laws, is established to shoot I hew down, and thoy aro vapidly degenerating into Kuropoan conditions. Tho fruits of tho toil of millions two boldly stolon to build up colossal fortunes for a fow, unprecedented in the history of mankind; and the possessors of these, iu turn, daspiso the republic and endanger liborty." But wa ars told that this great riot is the result of the McKinley bill. Does any sane man believe such stuff? Is there anything about protection that would naturally work such a result? The solo object and aim of proteetion Is to ra«ke it possiblo to employ labor at a more remunerative prico than is paid in the pauper countries of the old world, but of course there is nothing iu tho law, and could not be constitutionally, to compel a man to pay a specified price for labor, any more than there could be a law eom polling a merchant to pay a fixod prloe for a elork. But if it is the high tariff that oauBed TriB Inter Ocean very frankly admits that tho tariff is responsible for the Homestead strike; for it argues, hud it not been for this tariff thore would have boon no mills there and no labor ers thero to strike. These mills would haye beon iu England and wo should not havo cared a straw *holhar the laborers wero paid 40 or 76 cents a day. The lowest wages of the groenest and most inexpert hands at tho Carnegie shops, the shovelors ami swoopors, is |1.60 por day, and thero are very few that reoeiyo less thnn $2.25 por day, and none of those wore allootod by the cut. It was only those who received $6.00 and upwards that wore nffoated— such laborers as wave driven from their homos to the shops and baok iu carriages. It is sad indeed! I L_. ,L . J _.'JI "IT'S rumored that Chairman Blytho is 'seriously considering iv proposition to defer the congressional convention to tho 21lh of August. This date would bo more satisfactory, and conflict less CONGRESSIONAL. |U>«t Onion Giuctte.j By the election of Hon. J. E. Blvihe, of Mason City, io the chairmanship of tho state central committee a formidable competitor for the congressional nomination is retired. Accompanying this actum of tho committee is" the announcement that Hon. J. J. Clark also of Mason City, has decided not to permit the use of his nnmc in this connection. This leaves the west ami of the district without a pronounced claimant for tho honor to hu bestowed at tho coming convention, and being deprived of the privilugo of supporting a h<mo candidate the republicans thore aro free to unite with then party friends through the district in the seareh for a enndidate posicssing the requisites of sucoess. . In common with many of tho most earnest republicans in every conn ty they recall to mind the man who once before proved equal to a trying emergency and lifted the district out of a slough of despond, giving it great credit and doing himself honor in four yean servi"? as thuiv representative. To him thev again turn, nnd if Hon. Win. E. Fuller ean be persuaded to permit the use of his name in the convention ho will bo nominated by acclamation and elected by a rousing old lime majority. F<»r a man who has never plied the arts of tho demagogue, who as a member of emigres* strived only to a conscientious discharge of his duty, and as a citizen his been a plain everr-dtiy man, his popularity 's surprising. It is a tribute to genuine worth, an evidence that true merit can be appreciated. We are led to this eommeul by the unmistakable drift of public sentiment. We have observed its tendency iu this direction with no little pleasure, believing as wo do 'hat tho nomination of Mr. Fuller could leave no doubt of republican success, and be alike creditable to tho discretion and jutlgmi 'Mt of the party. A very strong pressure is being made to induce Mr. Fuller to enter the race, Int wo aro not aware that he has given a favorable response to any one. It would be a sacrifice for him to do so, and we doubt if ho would consent on any other basis thau that of a practically unanimous appeal to his sense of duty toward his party. Per- lnps not then. And in saying this we are not placing •>! bur in the way of any other aspirant, or claiming there arc not others who might be elected, and who would render the dblrict splendid service in congress. Our lirst thought in toward Hon. Thus. I'pdogralV, of McGregor, who won a national reputation in his congressional career as one. of the briglitost and cleanest, ablest and best members. But tho ignominy of the Wellor defeat lingers over him like a cloud of mist on tho brow of a D'oiitain. With many this is hold a sufficient bar to his recognition at this xriiical period. Ho stands well at home, and would rim ahead ot his tickot in Clayton. How far this would bo counterbalanced we have no means of knowing, except by unfavorable sentiment in the western counties, which perhaps is influenced more by fear than facts. Then again, thero is Hon. S. B. Zoigler, possessing elements of popularity that would make him foiunliable as a" candidate. Ho has yot to say he is willing to take the nomination aud niako the necessary contest to win, for win ho would if selected. The condition of his health is a partial impediment to a prompt decision, while ho fcols, no doubt, as do most of the republicans of this county, that this is not the year to precipitato a light for the nomination, nor timely for us to ask it against tho wishes of any largo portion of tho district. Probably there are others equally strong and deserving. But any new and untried man must bo taken on trust, as it were, with some degree of uncertainty. With Mr. Fuller M doubts would hi ended. 'J-. i TIIK republicans of this section aro very anxious that Congressman Dolliver be given a date here this campaign. BRUIN AND THE l.'UTCI IFF;. A C.»m> I" Wl.lt li il lleue II. v. I :><:.: i i. anil rrlt;im An orjfan-ifriiKler ivh.i \\:,\ irav. ': through the west of EiiLrla:.:'.. ;i pamicd by a tuino brow:: War. - ' '• he bud trained to dniiee. siojio •.! :-.l . farmer's hon.se Hi to one :i :'lei -.i. ••<".. a-if lifter greatly .'imusin t !u his pv'rfovm'.vnce - for his o flue one and the lu .ir wr;, intelligent— 1;.'. Hud no 1V11V1 tainlnjr prrmUiion to s!a\ lie him .st /lf was L'.iyi'H boys' room, but his ferry <o had to be content with ;i MUI in the barn. A little after lni-'.iii.. family I.T ADDITIONAL LOCAL: --The boys gave their return party on Tuesday evening, on the Prescott lawn. Wo have no report but presume it was a pleasant affair. -Theru aro a few of our suhsoribers who have allowed their subscriptions to run behiud a year or more. This is just tho time of year that a remittance from such would como exlramolv handy. —A rabid dog at Hardin last weok bit soveral other dogs before it was killed. All the dogs that wero bitten were summarily dealt with. Too much euro cannot bu exercised during the heated term. —Tho worst feature of tWo corn prospect is tho general light stand. \?hal thero is looks well enough but in many of tho fields there is not more than a half stand. Much of it was washed out and perhaps a good deal of it rotted. 37th Iowa Rounion. Thero will bo a reunion of tho sut virors of the 27th Iowa Infantry, at Orlwein, Fayette county, Iowa, com mencing Wednesday. August 17, 18H2 Special rates on nearly all railroads in Iowa. - A cyclone has struck our advertising columns, us usual at this saasnii of tho year. This is the most discouni ing feature of country journalism. At the time of year when w« are in Vest condition to do tho work wo havo tho least to do. — Away down from Sherbronko, N. D., comes a letter from Miss Ella Mm ray, inclosing tho cash aud saying that she can't quite got along without tho old KKVIEW. She shall have it. but we arc unablo to furnish the back numbers requested. - We should hayu stated last week that Farnio Warner was home from his 'hool labors at Sioux City, and is now rusticating down on the Hickory Croclc farm. Ho is as yet uatleeiddd as to whether or no ho will touch theru ngaiu the coming year. -'•I.ui .Schmidt" took one of Henry Poesch's farm horses out of the barn at Ossian the 4th, after having hauled the baud up, and very easily took §3.00 cut of sonio blustering Ossianilo who had n horse that "could out-run anything that ever wore hair." --Very peculiar and boautiful north, ein lights wero visible on Wednesday evening. Delicate belts of spiral, billowy light moved quite rapidly across the heavens from oast to wost, whil low down in tho north the pnlo aurora borealis displayed its focblo disc. -Nothing shows tho growth of town and its business more than tho postotlioe. Last winter tho ollici tvus made a presidential office, at $1,000 salary. Now it has been raised to !?I,100, and noxt year, on account of increased business and box rents ii will in all probability bo raised til luait if'200 more. of IVM 1 e.v.ru- b.iru it iher sueh alnriain;': noir-es from tin whieh was on 1 .;; a few pa.-es a,\-.iv. a. to av.'akeu e". cryb.n!'.' in lac h-itise. Frantic shrieks of ••Help! Help! Mur- di.v"'." and so::::os as of i; strong man Ktni^^linj^ ilesper.ite'y fov dear lite. i:.:»v.ed vrrV UVMil llle slid I'ieiit air. Hurriedly ilrawin.;' on s.n.ie elollies, the feinaei- sua! In-d no a ianlern. a.id. followed by the ur-sri erinder. he -'.- ened to the tiara, (loth- do >rs W thrown open, the rays ot th" Innl'Tii revealed a larifo man eiv-.o,'-'d in a furious wrestling mulch with the boar, from whose mighty eintr-a *e he was vniri'y endenvori:iJ sp to es -ape. An the near was nnu'.r.led and had n > elawa to speak of, His vit.tiiu stood in no danger of serious injury. at Ids position was nlnrmin.',' cn iuj, r !i, notwith itundin;*, and he implored the f.vuioi' to eoiuo to liis ver, \v.\ nivi :i'however,that this midnight .•isitor':- mission was a dishonest one, .•aiy.-. Harper's Yiiuny People, for which ic deserved to lie well pwnisbeiH tho n'gan e-rinder called out to bis pet: •lliiff him, Jack! hut; him!" and tho bear, evidently enjoying the sport,continued to squeeze the man mmuu\ifvdty until the farmer, thinking the ro^iia had sufiVivd siillleiently, jfnt the bear's owner to i-omniaud his release. 11 turned out that Bruin's enptive was a rascally liutchcr who had come to steal a lineenlf. In the darkness ho stumbled over tho bear, and was u>t once male prisonur. The former was do delighted 'u,t the animal's conduct that in the morning ho feasted him upon the best in the larder and unvQ hii> muster a sovereign as ho was leaving SiKTlilce. It is a common custom in Armenia to sui'rlfleo animals iu the accomplish. ment of VOWK . Thus, u patron Kidnt is supplicated to intercede with tho Almighty that certain Kick bo restorer" to health, that a journey bo successfully mudo, that, an cuterprlso by brought to n nrolit!,l»i« • ••— • - Wo omitted to mention last weal that Frank Haines was homo from Chi cage on a visit to his mother, sister and friends. Ho Is is looking well feeling well and doing- well, nil which we aro glad to know. Ho say Fred is all right and that ho will he homo on a vacation soniotiino the coin ing winter. — Four now subscribers ire enrolled this Week, of course without solicitation, as we never solicit subscriptions The KKVIUW has been right hero for nearly twenty years and it ought to be old enough to do its own talking. At the same time it always gives us pleas lire to add to our largo family of road ers, all of whom wo like to retain. —Tho Euaiia correspondent of tho McGregor Nows says: "Key. Pituer, of Decorah, will bo with us on Simdny, July 17th. And upwaids of 'ii candidates for baptism, and others are to bo admitted into the church hnritig been baptised in infancy. The servicos will commence promptly at 10:80, a. in. llov. Pitner will also preach at Hardin in the ovoniiig " —J. B. Schmidt and wife, Mrs. Wolfgang Schmidt and daughter, Mollic, of Elkador, Iowa, and Mr. Fred Schmidt and family, of Lincoln, Neb., spent several days this weok visiting at the ploasant farm home of Mr. and Mrs. John Welaol in Grand Meadow township. Tho Postvillo band took occasion to go down and soranado them on Monday evening. - We are proud of thu following list of subscribers who havo remembered us duriug tho past week, Cdlhough it is almost iu the heart of the dull season; Will Hiiimau J II Sanders, —Licenses to wed were issued froitt the county clerk's oflico during the month of Juno to the following iniiiiod parlies: ('harlos Helming, Annie Groeling. Will II. Thomas, Mao J. Perry. Jacob Stark, Anna M. linger. Leonard A. Howe, Vesta G. Greer. Ole Johnson, Mary Savert. Thomas Berry, Mar* Gcnighty. E. F. Howvcf, Lizzie Dennis. William Tear, Sary Sutclille. Chas. M. Bacon, Amelia I'. Pnpe. E. O. Mct'lintock, Ellie Parrington. — Democrat. J T Parker, W S Webster, Hoy A MoNell, K N Douglass, A Christenaon, B F Jones, Postmastot Fulrmount, Arkansas, Ella Murray. -A capital literary puxzle will found in "Our Historical Herbarium which, described by A. F. Mitchell the April Wido Awake, has tho answers to tho queries given iu full iu the July Wide Awake. It will pay te study it with both numbers in hand. Price 20 cauls a number, $2.4.0 u rear. Ou sale at hews stands, nr «*„*•. „/> u *««i.t be In —Tho board of directors of tho Citizens State Bank, after conferring with tho stockholders, decided to place thn "ntiro earnings foi the lirst fractional year in the surplus fund, thus adding ,,„„,„,..,,,, i'-'.SOO to the working capital of the 1 nponal rceeh bank. Nearly all the stockholders expressed a desire to waive a dividend until next year, when a good dividend will doubtless be declared The statement published elsewhere, shot's a healthy condition, after only mouths of active business. ten il> Woather nnd Crops Dv .s Moults, July II, l«'J-'. -The' list week has been generally favor- ; In, tho days being clear and warm ' wilh more than an average amount of I sunshine. Tho nights, however, were , quitu cool, bringing thu daily average 1 tiimpcraturo down about four degrees below tho normal for this period which : is usually tho holiest portion of thn year. To give corn tin vigorous growth thai is now needed to perfect the erop, tho daily mean temperature of tins month .should be not less than 71 z , ' and August, should give an average of 7'-' 0 . 'I 'll in crop has made fair progress during (he week, where it has ; been possible to give it necessary cultivation; and its average height is about whrr* it .should be iu ordinary sea.son.s the 1st to the 4th of July. Verv satis-' factory progress has been made in securing tho unusually heavy hay crop, ami tho harvest of winter grain is generally completed in the southern ami central districts but IU1| iui: crop MUSICAL KITES. II,,w flo.ttlitK /Kollmt Illtrps Arc Con- Hlmrtril In Central Asia. In f'ciitral Asia they have iiniVieal Kites. They delight the car by the emission of soft melodious murmur- in^s at the same time that they please the eye with their graceful, bird -like motions. Kaoh kite is so constructed as to produce the clTect of n floating .V.olian narp, and thus the llinlit and tho ounil of wliifrod warbler are both mitatcil in the winded plaything. Each kite is a square formed upon tjvo diagonals of light wood whose extremities are connected with a tight string, forming the sides of the square. (Jver the whole paper is pasted. A IOONC strintf upon the upripht di- the string by which the kite is to be held, nnd the toil Is fastened to its lower extremity. The transverse diagonal, or cross -Mick, Is then bent back like a strong bow, and fastened by n thread of catgut. Uf eotirse, every 'n'ee/.c thai passes the kite vibrates this tight cord, and the vibrations arc communicated to the highly sonorous frame of the kite. And as numbers of these kites arc left lloating in the air all night, the elTeet is that of leriitl music, monotonous but. full of inehiiiehiil .v interest. Wind,! Hoj -ln To-M(irri»u\ "Johnny, dear," said \|,..,. ('„„,.„, to her son, "I don 't. Ii'.;.. the way y.m have of saying 'yep' iio.i I of • Vl 's/ ,\ow tell mi',won't you honestly try to break yourself of it?" "Yep," ropllclJohnuy with dccpsln- RAILROAD TIME-TABLES On and after Sunday, Nov. 22, 1891, trains on the C. M. tfe St. P. By. will leave Postvillo as follows. flOIKU EAST. Passetig'Ms. No. 2 C. M. & St. V. Excursions. Clear Lake Kicursion Ticket". Tho <'. M. it St. >'. K. K. will sell excursion tickets from .lone '.'Jth to Sept. .".fit Ii. inclusirti, to Clear Lake Park, for ono and one third fare for the round trip, eooil to return .'10 days from dato of sale. 'J .'i cents added tor admission eollpoll r N'; rainfall of week was generally very light, tin for the necessities of the grotv- I'lio heaviest amount reported was at the central station on Sunday, where- the inciisuremoiil was LtiO inches. lb Grand Army c lud.I at Waihii. tickets will In; s the round trip will be add • •ago to Wa :il i: 'ainpinrnt, f the K..pal,lie, to l, t . -Ion. I). ( ' , Sept L'Olh. old at l;u one w.w for to Cliieago, to which d su;„>i f,„. f; llx . [,.,„„ dd- hiiigtnn ami ret urn. over a return coupons OUR DEBT TO THE ARADS, From Tltoin thu .Snitfilari!n Aciiulretl TUell Civilization. It was to the Arabs nnd the .lows that we probably owe the discovery of America, asserts Kugeiic laiwronee In Harper's Magazine. From them the Spaniards and Portuguese learned all that they knew of civilization. The Arabs from tho ninth to the twelfth eintnry were the rulers of the sea. the founders of Kuropeaii comnieivc. F.drif .1, the Arab historian, des Tib's the harbors of Almeria, in Spain, ii!If I ui'h the ships of the Last ant of Lisbon (Ksi-hhona), the centre of wealth and trade. Two Mwbiiuiineilan travelers, or one, who visited China in the ninth century found Its ports frequented by tin 1 vesse's of their countrymen, who sail-ed around the coasts of India. Kdr'n.i, again, des.-riln's the I'liina seas. unknown to itreek and Itoman. and the Chin.' :c- ships arc the lie. i of their kin 1. 'file I'.ilv liliil'nU'i \ -;'.:1.)1>. V.Vie f.'ilii'l on every sea. It is from them lh.il 1 'ert.'. ,-;'l and. Spai.i Var 'el the art of ; hip-building, a-, ai ,,t of the otlie; art*,. In t l'"a', the Spaniards every w'aer.i clothed in Arab dress, imitating the Arab manncrti. riding Arab it n-ses, and the kings surrounded l.y Arab guards. Splendid t'oi-.lova and mat. -1. '.ess tlva- nada stiil ruled the taste of llie peninsula. Kveu the chief terms of business and of naval affairs, of p.diee and tinau-'e. the Spaniards b tri-owed from the Arabs. The maravedi, an Aran coin, was used in the time of ('olinn'.'.is to i-xprcss all their moneyed lr.it.-a'- lions. It was at Lisbon that loluni- bus lirst planned his voyage. 11m Iong before, when Lisbon was a nourishing Arab city, intelligent and splendid, Kdrisi relates that an expedition was icnt out from its pori lo explore the dark and unknown ocean. The. •oinmauders were brothers known as tho Almiigrnrins, or the Wandering Brothers. They must have set sail He- fore thu year 11.10. They cross, ,1 the Atlantic, it is said, visited unknown islands, and discovered new lands. After a weary voyage of many neei'lis they returned ill safety. A sireel .v.i • mimed after them in Moori -1; Lisbon, called the street of the Ahiia.-rnr::: -. Possibly the attempt might have been tc-uewod, and n Moorish city might have sprung up In Cuba or Hispaniolo, at Philadelphia, or New York, llul soon the conquering Christians took Lisbon, and checked Us iidvnvsce in knowledge. For many centuries it Was given up to war and chivalry. At length it revived the Moorish instincts of trade and commerce. Lisbon be- amo the center of discovery, and Columbus learned in its tradition haps, the story of the Alinng: u.'i choice of >i:vell rnlltc- gooil to Oct. loth, i For linighti of Pythias I-aiciiiipiiiciit, at Kansas City. Mo., to be held Aug. i i-'ilrd, faro one way for round trip, tick' els sold Aug. Cii'Ult to 'Jl'd'd inclusive, good to return till Sept. K'.lh. For I'lncainpinciil Sons of Veterans, 'C. S. A., to be held at Helena. Mont., Aug. lo Lith, a rata of olio lowest limited lirsl-class fare for round trip. Sold An,-;, lib 'o Huh. with linal limit to Oct. loth. For Grand Lodge I. O. O. F., Portland. Ore.. Sept. llllh to '.'(ith, a rate of one lowest standard limited lirst-class fare for round trip. Sell from Kept. 10th to 1 1 tli inclusive, good to return until tin il-.t.ts I'IOIII dale of sale. For the I'pper MississippiTurnfcsi to be held at Dubuque, excursion tickets will be sold at a rati- of one and one third fare for the round trip. Sell July l.j IP. good lemming until July 'JO. 1'roin April i'.".-tli tickets will lie sold via Detroit, Grand Havun .V Milwunkei' sleainer. Steamers leave Milwaul'oc. ii .tily it! S : -iU p. in. F„r rates sen Mil tvaitkuc joint rate sheet. For tho Triennial t'otielave Knights Templar, to be held at Denver, Colt in August, one full tare for round trip Tickets may be is-ued going via om line and returning via another. Sold Aug. :'.i'il, to 7th inclusive, with linal return limit until Oct. 1 Ith. M. K. T.ii.cuTT, Agent. KEPOP.T 01' THE CCKDIXION No. 4 (night). Freights. No. 10 Chicago Slock.. No. f, Way No. 12 Milwaukee Slock llOI.Ni! WK.ST. Passengers. 1 night 3 Freights. 7 Way Freight '1 inie Freight 4 :.11 P. m ..3:21) a. ni. . 11:05 a. m 4:'0 p. m. .b:3;> p. m No. No. No. No. No. 1 i Time Freight. . 12.10 m. .10:2Aa. in. ll:0 .'i a. m . ti::If, p. ni .h-.-to p. m All Freight trains mentioned, uxci/pt No. 12. carry passengers when provided with proper transportation. No. y between N. McGregor nnd Mason City. M. K. TAMOTT . Agent. B. C. R.&W.R.E. ;iniER .>i si... LEAVING AND ARRIVING TIME OF TRAINS. Time Pusseii; Freight. DKColtAH MVISION. Table in cll'cet May ;cr goin North South. North, South, J. H. 180-2 • • . R ':•.'!. 1. P at illtlll. ..'J-.-li., P. M 1:U", A. M. Pi:i;i;v Agcm. CHURCH DIRECTORY. I.'liNtilfKtiATIONAL -llov N. I. '">• I'reuel.uin i virj Sini-I.iv mi I 7 ::iu P M. Fulilintli Si lie,, idt.ir a.rinin^' lelvice. T. t\ eveiv Suretuy «vfi,iii [; nt n.t .j. las' \t e.Iiicsd.i) i;vii : ,ii!'.i. f'.ui 'teii. r-x -A. •• io,:o a. ii. iielui-iliitti ]y I C. V,. iimttu frnyv! Sli.t- I'.-.liU.r. JI MI'.TIIOIH.sT. -l:,.v. !-;. J. i„ ;uchlii (i ura-vi'.-i a I 'vuiy Sia, ; |„j „t 10 ;.:o.\ nut 7::tn I'. M. SiiliUtli s..|,„„| iriitufli­ nt • >- liftor mender h.nic.. 'I In. Kp«ortb. J.eiiC'io every Sunday o vt-iiiie; nt 0 :0<; e'clocX. 1 'i-ayfl-tueotiti,; vvovy YV, ttiu'uhiy eveliliiK ut 7 :W o'clock. Voc nrti eurac.tly tiitiUnl, POSTVILLK LODGES NOBLE LuPGK No 51. -I. u. r. ir. Tin Loyal Ancient Order oi United rknien uicels' the Second and Fourth i n i oi I Ii, in Drug W Saturday evening., in each the Masonic Hall over th,. Hrick '•"'"• J- AV. SnnKiir, M. w WM. StiKi'iiKittt, ltccordcr. IH' 111IC POSTVILLE • STATE • At tho close onmMiuws .hint* No!t», ivcilvaMr I Co!.! .tiiil si J vt-1 i-.iin ... i j.cK .U um.Ut N.ud.| 1;i | bank lu '.i,DIM fes 0:1 solvent Kinks Cm 1 flit t'xpi .'iiM -s ['aid ... ,. Ca\\ in li.in!: subject lo tint* C)vt*fili;ifts (-.1pil.1l. Surplus, is:i2 I if'.l'ir.ni .* '.5 I7.fl ». Jtr-tn ins nj 111') 11.3.1:- We. I It. ll.lll anil A. is 11 ur . in mui tielii l. -el. Ill, l-\ I K... -1 ii..- .it'. Kolirrl n. Hire .1 U .iieiu kae e Pi I'SMI MU. I'.isliii r. ' Ilhectvu 'V . id- 1 .1. It. IUIIT, Vi !•'• W. l&mi -RTf A. SiAAiir, tltt.l. Ilem-HTS. I .Siilisrril.i'.l .nut swum le l.cfeie 1110 liv I n ltllll, 1;'. W K„l„.,is, A. Su.uliami It.illkolil I'ttS, lllls l,l!l ,1.1V i.[ July, A. IV IS.,; S. HCKI.IIC.1, N'el.uy l'liWic. STATEMENT OF THIS CONDITION in* rut: CITIZENS STATE nt lhe close of busiuess, June ASSI : is nills iii&cuiiiiuiil Until ami silvta' rein I.real twiilor unit Nal'l li.iuk Ovimliafts lliulu tiuililitii; l''tanilillu anil lixiuiti Treuduri 'H «f tlm Ishnli. The people of I'er.sia may be ;> > •: and stiirvinir, liut their ruler, the .-.'.i i'.i appears to be pretty well lt';e,l. Mr, llishop, the uuthoreiii, recently viv. :>•.'. Persia, nnd WHS graciously p.rmitte.i to look into his treasure-house. Sho writes that tho floor is of line tiles of exquisite coloring 1 , m-ntuc'.nl as mosai'.'. j t>nilis on solvent banks A tnVlu is overlaid wilh beaten Jl'olil • lixixaisrs pai.l nnd chairs in rows arc treatn.l in the I "'^ f ''°"> ''•">'< s same fmillion. Glass cases around the room and on eos'ly tables eonluin tho fivbnloxts treasures of the shah and many of the crown jewels. 8U0 thinlts it possible that the ticcu- mulittud splondovii of poarls, diamonds, rubles, omovalds, sapphires, basins and vessels of solid gold, ancient armor flushing with precious stone,, shields studded with diamonds and r.ibi cs, scabbards and sword-hilts in'rnslcd \viti> costly gems, helmets red with rubies, goldon traya and vessels tlitcli with diamonds, crowns of jewels, chains, ornaments, (inasuullno solely) of every description, jeweled cui;t,s of mall dating buolc to tho reign of Shah iBmnui, exquisite emiuiitl of great antiquity, all in a profusion not t« be do- Kcrlbetl have no uniiiiliini»..i .... ....->t- To I ul. Ciipital stock. Deposits llintivuluil piolHs. I.IAIllI.lTlliS. BANK SO, 18112. 4f'( l.eis..\i iivS. 51 7M . 10,171.50 S15.20 1,986.31 1,098.0 .1 .992,006.45 . 000.00 • 6) 740.33 . '3.206.U Sl '.MI • .$91,006.45 or IOWA, ) AllaiuaUoti Co. \ Wa, U. N. Douglnss, prellilanl; Jas, McUwi-n, c.-mhiuri Carl Holler anil John Saiulms, .tiroclors, of llio aliovo aaintiit Hank, ilo soluiilnty stvoar thai '..111 utalciuoiil is full, Irtiu ami corrunl lo the Item of om- kuotvlctt).u ami liuliof, K. N. POIIOI.ASS, 1 'rosHluiu. J[AS. MctiWKN, Castiior, CAKL Hol.'l 'tCK, I ,,: Jims S.tni >KRS. pJuoclorv BROTKEBLVIOVJE LOECE, Xi>. I'Ol. A. /. .'.' A. SI. Ueeular meiiines on Tuesday evening on or before the full of lite 1111*11. All brethren in ;o oil -.1 aniliuj; me c«r- i| inllv int ilcil to ni tend. 10. 1). Sm.i'.s, \V. M. WM . Mu'ir, Sec'y. Granito Ceaiot-ery Work, Iron Foneea,, Curbing &c. Tho-c iiilciiilinjr t° pitrchasc Monu" iiiuiiinl uorl, lor liunre delivery wil' ti nd it to lin ir a.lvanlaee i , examine M. y. KidderV t'.riiuitf Worl. in Ccincte- ri<-s, as he i-; iloitie- lirst-i-Ia.ss tvorl; at a.s |,,w ]>ri''t'.s as can bo procured in the country. I' in' ha? not called npoiiyoii Jrmi lii'.u it card at llecorah and he w ill lie please,1 to visit ton with Desietu: and samples of all kinds of (Ir.uiltc, at (he l.nvest possible prices. M. V.KIDDER, 34mO Decorah. Iowa. L. STROEBBL & SON, Postvillo Boot and SIioc Store. Have : 1" "is, in > full lin Knl In r.- :i No. I i .t uoi.Tiai 't, oi.n STAMI.I it of Hoots, Shoes, Slip, i and evert tLiny- kept general .shoe stoic. Ciislotn work nn.| aud promptly done. 'Hilled. We keep no shoddy". rcpaiiinjj neatlv Kvcrv 'iiiir tvar- J: Postville Eray Line ?. J. BEUCHEB^ Prop. 11:' \ in;' purchased the ovieiua Postville I irav Line 1 am prepared toi.'oall kiinls ,,j .:)•-• iv 1 i• A-V prionpih . c.-iitiiil'\ nil.I sitisfaelor'tlt. (iiual teatii.s, .U'croi it - ail.! .••arcfn 1 drivers ; Itva.t sil lie •sice ..: the pnli'.le. ;;t fait pticcs. A'! •; in |'s of lij;hi or l.ea vy Ii an!b.;:'. in lo v, n oi'c.mmry pruiitptly done. 1'UEll. Is'. BHEDY. -.•-PHOTOG-RAPHER.-:- And Oealcr in l'icttire Frames. Postvillo - Iowa. The Old Reliable Meat Market, J011N B. HAET, Proprietor, Opiioijito - Postvillo - State - Batilts None but the best meats purchased. Kvorylhinjt' iu lirst-clast .shape. Courteous I real nienl to all. rviv-ts »l\va_\ s the lowest. Wm. SHEPHERD, ATTORNEY AT LAW, AtUhovu .fiUo vvrtCticti in nil tin* courts oftl RUI I O . OiHou ovoi l.ion'ft «tiMv, liviok block. POSTV1LU& - ~ IOWA. 13AN1KL A> JEEAU),

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